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Results in Journal Journal La Sociale: 43

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Tran Hoang Khai
Published: 20 April 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 21-25; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i2.376

Abstract:
As a multi-ethnic country, the Party and the State of Vietnam have always determined that ethnic affairs and national solidarity have a huge significant position. Building a contingent of ethnic minority staff in the political system remains one of the solutions to realize equality and solidarity among ethnic groups. The recent building of ethnic minority staff has been paid special attention and achieved certain remarkable results. The quality of ethnic minority staff has been increasingly improved. This importantly contributes to the socio-economic development of Vietnam in the upcoming years.
Bac Truong Cong, Tran Quang Van
Published: 20 April 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 12-20; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i2.372

Abstract:
Agricultural productivity plays a crucial role in sustainable development while income is one of the most critical indicators that manifest the living standards; therefore, both of these aspects have attracted much attention from the national level to the provincial level. Yet, for various reasons, the importance of regional linkages, especially spatial interaction in the analysis of agricultural productivity and the average income, is not recognized and thus ignored in economic policies. Taking Vietnam as the study area, this paper examines the impact of spatial interaction between metropolises and provinces on agricultural productivity and income per capita of provinces. In order to evaluate the impacts, this paper uses a gravity model to estimate the spatial interaction then panel data analysis is employed to interpret the influences. The data used in this study is collected from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam in the period from 2015-2018. The results show a positive correlation between spatial interaction between metropolis and provinces to provincial change, including agricultural productivity and average income. As such, stronger linkages with metropolises through improving transportation systems could enhance agricultural productivity and income in the province.
Al Muhajir Haris
Published: 20 April 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 6-11; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i2.340

Abstract:
Environmental Governance is an integrated effort in the utilization, arrangement, maintenance, supervision, restoration and development of the environment. The goal in Environmental Governance is to achieve the sustainability of human relations with the environment as the goal of complete human development. This paper describes how environmental governance is in sustainable mining management in Kabaena Utara. This study uses a qualitative descriptive study, this research focuses on post-mining environmental management and as many as 15 informants between the government and the community. The results of this study generally describe the Control of Environmental Damage and Pollution regarding environmental management in Bombana Regency in terms of not being well-managed and not yet maximizing the protection of conservation areas from damage due to uncontrolled and exploitative use of natural resources.
José Emilio Camejo Cuán, Rubén Ramos Heredia, Roger Proenza Yero
Published: 20 April 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 1-5; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i2.329

Abstract:
The results of rural electrification in Cuba, from Photovoltaic Solar Energy, are presented as part of the technical-economic feasibility study of the use of medium-power Photovoltaic Plants in tropical climate conditions, based on the experiences obtained for more than 20 years of operation of the photovoltaic plant in the rural community "Santa María del Loreto" and its generalization in the photovoltaic plant in the rural community "El Triunfo". Both facilities located in the mountainous area of the Songo - La Maya Municipality, Santiago de Cuba Province. The photovoltaic plant benefits the inhabitants of the rural community "El Triunfo", guaranteeing a high-quality, uninterrupted and stable electrical service, as well as a considerable change in the profiles of use of free night time with an increase in the activities of Entertainment, information with high-quality access to the mass media such as television and radio, all of this has influenced local community development, with special emphasis on the humanization of the work of women and housewives.
Kabita Maharjan, Deepak Chaudhary
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 10-17; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.251

Abstract:
The Covid-19 has drawn a new debate on the issue of food security and nutrition. The literature suggests a positive relationship between food security and nutrition. For low-income countries, access to nutritious food has been challenging. Literature reveals that Nepal faces poor food security and nutrition for decades and this issue has been more surfaced after the Covid-19. This paper explores the prospect of food security along with nutrition based on secondary data and reviews. Food security has been associated with the production, stock, access, and utilization. The utilization normally refers to the use of varieties of nutrition for the human body that is related to the immunity system. Agriculture is the prime occupation of the country as the two-third population depends on agriculture for livelihood. However, the subsistence form of agriculture has been dominated. Due to the lack of agricultural production, Nepal faces poor nutrition and faces mal-nutrition problems. Many of the districts in the western and far-western hilly regions of the country have been faced with food scarcity and malnutrition has become a common phenomenon. Moreover, Covid 19 has further highlighted the issue of food security and nutrition. As the Covid-19 is related to immunity power and its association is with nutritious food is crucial. The policy of the government has prioritized from grass root level to eliminate hunger and malnutrition though there are still challenges.
Imam Muhaji
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 48-52; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.306

Abstract:
Indonesian citizens must have the ability to access appropriate health care and facilities. Rural regions, on the other hand, suffer from a lack of resources and infrastructure owing to a variety of reasons. This village's health situation is clearly not in compliance with the existing health regulations. As a result, scholars are involved in examining federal efforts linked to health legislation to enhance health care and infrastructure in remote communities. This paper employs the secondary data approach as well as literature analysis. According to the findings, certain regions do not have enough health care and infrastructure. The government has made efforts to develop these health services and facilities so far; nevertheless, these efforts are insufficient, and further effort is needed so that all rural communities will benefit from the outcomes.
Fitri Andriana, Slamet Sampurno Soewondo, Sabir Alwi
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 1-9; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.259

Abstract:
This study aims to identify and analyze the legal protection arrangements for midwives who work in the Poskesdes (Village Health Post) Majene Regency as well as the forms of implementation of legal protection for midwives who work in the poskesdes. The research method used is empirical research. The research location is in Majene Regency with a total sample of 41 poskesdes with regular categories spread over 8 districts, the types and sources of legal materials used are primary and secondary legal materials. Collection techniques through interviews, direct observation and literature study and then analyzed qualitatively and described to describe, describe and explain the results of the research. The author concludes that the implementation of health services at the poskesdes has not provided legal protection to midwives because midwives still carry out services that are not their authority and competence as a midwife. The implementation of legal protection through the delegation of authority is not in accordance with the regulations, the existing Standard Operating Procedures are not in accordance with the conditions of the Poskesdes facilities and the guidance and supervision system for midwives has not been maximally implemented.
Ferry Eka Rachman
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 18-24; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.264

Abstract:
This research aims to find out legal protection against foreigners and citizens who lives outside their nationality country. In discussing the issue of international legal protection against foreigners, a doctrinal approach and international court practice is used. From the opinion of international legal experts, it will be found legal principles and theories regarding the position of individuals as subjects of international law. The principles of citizenship are the main basis for the application of the principle of jurisdiction and country responsibility towards its citizens and foreigners.The results are, In principle, every country will be responsible for providing legal protection to every citizen of the country wherever he/she is and foreigners will receive legal protection, under certain limitations, both from the country where he/she is temporarily located and from the country of origin. Thus, a person's citizenship status is closely related to the protection of international law that will be given to him/her, against him/her, his/her property and family. The application of the principle of state responsibility against citizens abroad or foreigners is based more on the principle of state sovereignty. A sovereign state will apply its national laws to its citizens within its territorial boundaries. Apart from that what applies is legal provisions of other countries or provisions of international law.
Rizky Nurlailatul Wachidah
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 40-47; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.305

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to investigate the legal responses to botched abortions. the main characteristics of this style of study are normative juridical, with a combination of a philosophical framework and legislation Following the outcome of the abortion attempt, Article 53 of the Criminal Code was violated, along with those who assisted in the procedure and those who were victimized. Should an abortion result in the baby's death under article 346, 347, 348, and 349 of the Criminal Code Criminals may commit the crimes individually or in tandem. Hence, they are justly prosecuted, so that they can be designated as criminals or assistants. Article 50 was developed in response to failures by the abortion business; and it can't be penalized unless done in compliance with technical and organizational quality procedures. In general, you do not need a permit to use emergency measures. This does not extend to abortions carried out on the basis of medical emergencies except during counselling prior to and during the act of abortion in compliance with Article 75 of Law No. 36 of 2009.
Pham Hoang
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 25-30; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.294

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to describe the capacity and role of WHO in dealing with the spread of COVID-19 and to discuss in-depth articles at the stages of policy implementation that specifically discuss the WHO protocol that is applied in dealing with the spread of Covid-19. The implementation of the policy to handle the spread of COVID-19 considers various aspects not only health but also the economic and social impacts resulting from government decision making. In addition, response measures are implemented through the Acceleration of COVID-19 Handling task which is part of the formation of structures, structure is one of the aspects that are considered in Edward III's implementation theory besides communication, resources and disposition because the presence of a structure helps implement policies has a significant effect. on policy implementation. The support of all elements of the government, the private sector in compliance with government and WHO instructions, especially regarding social distancing and physical distancing, will have a big impact in preventing the spread of COVID-19.
Andi Puji Kristanto
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 53-57; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.307

Abstract:
COVID-19 has a profound influence on all aspects of life, especially in the medical field. Services for public health who are not tainted with COVID-19 have similar issues. As a result, the writers want to look at health legislation and how it relates to the status of health care after the COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, qualitative approaches were used for a descriptive methodology. According to the findings of the investigation, COVID-19 has caused significant damage to medical and hospital staff, resulting in numerous problems for health care, especially while coping with COVID-19 patients and patients who are not contaminated with COVID-19. This is obviously in conflict with current health legislation, which recognizes health as one of the most fundamental human needs and has newly been granted statutory protection. The government has formulated numerous strategies in this regard so that this fundamental right can be battled for even throughout the pandemic.
Inensa Khoirul Harap
Published: 5 January 2021
Journal La Sociale, Volume 2, pp 31-39; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i1.304

Abstract:
Awareness of risks may be interpreted as a patient's approval in the context of submitting the doctor's schedule with the necessary details for making an appointment or an informed refuse. Prior to signing the consent document, the agreement, the prospective student already confirmed that she understood the terms and conditions. to let the patient understand anything before doing it, and when making the judgment, the patient should make the most of any of an exhaustive information (informed decision). The kinds of studies found in this paper are what lawyers refer to as "normative" studies. The nature of this analysis is informative, and is research that outlines, discusses, illustrates, and analyzes legal rules pertaining to the role of consent in the doctor and patient's relationship. Patients are given the right to know regarding the medical activities, outlined in Regulation Minister of Health (Per) No. 290 on Approval of Medical Actions, prior to accessing treatment. As seen from the standpoint of the idea of unauthorized consent (considered given), the patient-doctor partnership becomes complicated. This issue revolves around the concept of informed consent, which is essentially an assumption that the patient has already agreed to carry out medical procedures with the doctor prior to seeking medical treatment.
Siti Romlah, Salma Zavira, Khansa Muafa
Published: 4 December 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 24-30; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i6.187

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to analyze progressive legal theory in law enforcement in Indonesia. This research used a normative research method by examining library materials regarding the Implementation of Progressive Legal Theory in Law Enforcement in Indonesia. The approach in this research was a statute approach and a conceptual approach. Normative research used 2 types of legal materials, namely primary and secondary legal materials. The technique of collecting legal materials in this research used written techniques or commonly referred to as library research. Legal materials analyzed using the Conceptual Analyzer. The research result obtained was a fundamental ideology in Progressive Legal Theory according to Prof. Sadjipto Raharjo is achieving broad justice for society. When the justice produced by positive law only produces benefits for certain individuals and groups, law enforcement officials are required to think philosophically to carry out liberations in knowledge, theorizing, and practice. Thus it can be concluded that in the implementation of Progressive Legal Theory in Indonesia, it would be wise to start with the development of the rule of law. Progressive legal also has similarities with sociological jurisprudence in terms of focus on legal studies which do not only see law as written rules.
Franky Sumarlie
Published: 4 December 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 1-7; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i6.178

Abstract:
The development of medical action not only in clinics, but also in beauty clinics, requires a standard regarding informed consent. This study used 2 problem formulations, namely: 1. The essence of Informed Consent, 2.Informed Consent in Aesthetic Beauty Actions. This study used a Statue Approach, and a Conceptual Approach. The result of this study was that Informed Consent should be a process from the doctor explaining the action until the patient accepts/rejects the action, either in oral or written form. In practice, medical action for beauty at Aesthetic Beauty Clinic was carried out in accordance with professional standard and standard operating procedures. The relationship that arises between the doctor and the patient is called a therapeutic agreement. In this agreement, an approval for a medical action that is given by the patient appears as a form of approval for aesthetic beauty medicine action which is initiated by an offer of the doctor.
Endah Tri Wahyuni
Published: 4 December 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 31-40; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i6.184

Abstract:
In this modern era, the progress of information technology, electronic media and globalization occur almost in all areas of life. One of the crimes committed by misusing the benefit of electronic and computer technology is the defamation case through social media. Freedom of opinion in Indonesia can be seen in the Constitution of Republic Indonesia Year 1945 on Article 28 (1). This article write about What are law provisions that can be applied to the criminal act of defamation through social media, and How is the criminal responsibility of the perpetrators of defamation through social media. The method used in this research is normative legal research. The results are something could be classified as defamation in social media if proven guilty according to the 4th element in ITE LAW.
Irisa Iradati, Difa Wardatul Izza, Lintang Kusumo, Faizi Endarta, Patria Erlangga
Published: 4 December 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 17-23; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i6.180

Abstract:
Indonesia legislative assembly has legalized the Law Number 5 of 2018 concerning the Stipulation of Government Regulation instead of the Law Number I of 2002 concerning the Eradication of Terrorism Crimes into Law. Even so, the practice of which has experienced many obstacles that it has not so far been effective in countering terrorism in Indonesia. Counter terrorism efforts cannot be viewed, conceptualized and carried out in a sector manner by legal institutions only. A National Terrorism Eradication Institution called BNPT is already built by the government to practice this law but seeing the obstacles of the practice faced, it still needs to be systemically strengthened, empowered and better-coordinated by the Coordinating Ministry of Politics, Law and Security. While its efforts in eradicating terrorism need to be systematically designed as a single entity, integrated and interacted with those of various other related institutions, periodically measured and sustained until the strategic objectives are achieved optimally. College as a public institution, in accordance with its Tri Dharma mandates, as education, research and community service development, is obliged to initiate and play a more active and creative role as one of the supporting elements of the National Terrorism Eradication Institution in a Total System Approach. While legal institutions shall remain as the leading sector since all counter terrorism efforts are dominantly parts of law enforcement efforts. This study uses the normative-empirical method with the Total System concept approach and statue approach. The purpose of this study is to analyze counter-terrorism efforts in a preventive sociological and repressive manner.
Antonio Daniguelo
Published: 4 December 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 41-46; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i6.209

Abstract:
This paper discusses Public Administration Ontology departing from the fundamental understanding of administrative ontology, which is a thought based on the nature and meaning contained in administration itself as a branch of administrative science. The ontology basis of scientific development of public administration in the context of the philosophy of administrative science is the essence of what is studied from the aspect of how the public administration process is managed properly to regulate, serve and protect the public interest. So here the government bureaucracy and also non-governmental organizations that play a role in carrying out government functions, both in the implementation of public services and economic, social and other development fields collectively. Substantially the area of study for managers' work has a variety of interests from governance and public matters, from defense and security to social welfare and environmental quality, from road and bridge design and construction to space exploration and from tax and financial administration to management issues. human Resources. This paper also discusses the Administrative Ontology Approach, Positivism and Rationalism in Administration.
R Slamet Soeprijadi
Published: 4 December 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 8-16; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i6.179

Abstract:
Cooperation Agreement between the Production Director of PT Pegadaian (Persero) and the Secretary General of the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency Number 352/S-00015.02/2018, Number 31/SKB-100/IV/2018. The content of the agreement is that the land certificate, especially productive land belonging to agriculture, can be used as collateral for which a mortgage is imposed in PT Pegadaian (Persero). The imposition of a certificate of land rights as collateral for a mortgage is interesting to discuss by discussing the problem of objects as collateral and the imposition and execution of collateral object rights when the debtor defaults, a conclusion is obtained as follows: Objects as collateral and the imposition, that the types of objects are distinguished between movable objects and non-movable objects. If the differentiation of objects is used as collateral, there is also a distinction. A movable object which is charged with a pledge, is required to transfer of ownership right from the giver to the recipient with the threat of cancellation if the delivery is not made. Non-movable objects are burdened with mandatory register of mortgage rights at the Land Office, the Land Office will issue a certificate of mortgage right which has the power of evidence as a court decision which has permanent legal force. Execution of the collateral object rights when the debtor defaults, if the debtor defaults does not carry out his/her obligation to pay off the debt, then at the pledge, the creditor can execute based on the provisions of Article 1150 B.W., while in the mortgage right if the debtor defaults and does not fulfill obligations voluntarily can execute according to the provisions of Article 14 UUHT (Mortgage Rights to Land and Land-Related Objects).
Tri Taruna F, Putu Arya Wibisana
Published: 30 October 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 1-9; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i5.172

Abstract:
The demand of the Diaspora for the enactment of dual citizenship has not been fulfilled by the Indonesian Government since the state still subscribes to the principle of “one person one citizenship.”This single citizenship principle has been adhered to since the independence of Indonesia, stemming from the 1945 Constitution as the highest state law, Law no. 3 of 1946 on Citizens and Residents of the State, Law no. 62 of 1958 on the Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia, up until the Law no. 12 of 2006 as the current Citizenship Law of the Republic of Indonesia, which is currently applicable. In the present, the Government has issued a policy alternative in the form of Indonesian Overseas Card to ensure the civil rights of citizens and foreigners of Indonesian national descent who reside overseas so that they can enjoy facilities in Indonesia. This policy is also intended to revise the validity period for Visit Visa to be applicable for several visits and the period of residence permit, specifically for foreigners who are former citizens of Indonesia and their families, as a means of accommodating the diaspora’s demands. With the issuance of the policy, there is a recognition towards the existence of the Indonesian diaspora overseas as one of the non-state actors for international relations and as agents of change for their homeland.
Tahmina Yahya, Sulemani Yahya
Published: 30 October 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 24-27; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i5.204

Abstract:
The study aims at describing urban communities and rural communities. A village community is a society whose inhabitants enjoy a major source of livelihood in the agriculture, fishing, livestock sector, or a combination thereof, and whose cultural and social systems support these livelihoods. The characteristics of village communities include the general life order of the group based on kinship. Meanwhile, the urban community is an association of people who live in the center of economic activity, government, arts, science and so on. Urban people seek their livelihoods on average using sophisticated technology, such as using machine power, computers and others.
Diky Efra Hutamawida, Widhiadari Widhiadari, Fitro Rizki Ramadhan, Mirza Julma
Published: 30 October 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 10-18; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i5.173

Abstract:
This research is about The unclear regulations related to the juridical construction of village-owned enterprises can certainly causing problems in the case of the Village-Owned Enterprises is unable to pay loan or other debts if they experience business losses. This research uses judicial normative research methodology since the research is aimed to evaluate the regulations found in the formal rules and regulations related to the Village Owned Enterprises (BUM Desa) and the company bankruptcy, namely Regulations Number 6 year 2014 regarding the Village and Regulations Number 37 year 2004 regarding Bankruptcy and the Deferral of Obligation Payment Code and connect with responsibility of village head. The research conclusions show that: firstly, BUM Desa is initially a business entity without having the status as a legal entity, but during its development, it might have the status of a legal entity. Secondly, Supervisors can be responsible for bankruptcy of BUM Desa if it is proven that their fault has caused BUM Desa to go bankrupt
Siske Anani, Imam Mashudi, Dini Ariyasanti
Published: 30 October 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 19-23; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i5.170

Abstract:
This study raised the title of the Analysis of Local Government Implementation Report (LPPD) in Bolaang Mongondow Utara Regency, North Sulawesi Province. The data collection technique was done by interviewing and literature study. The data analysis technique used is the Miles and Huberman model, namely data analysis which is carried out directly and continuously until it is complete, so that the data is saturated. Based on the results of the data research and analysis process carried out, it can be explained that in Article 16 of Government Regulation Number 6 of 2009 which is the implementation of Article 6 paragraph (3) of Law Number 32 of 2004 concerning Guidelines for the Evaluation of Regional Government Administration, it is stated that the source of information The main role in implementing the Implications of the Performance Evaluation of Regional Government Administration (EKPPD) is the Regional Government Implementation Report (LPPD). The LPPD itself, as stated in Law Number 32 Year 2005, states that regional heads are required to submit a Regional Government Administration Report (LPPD) to the central government. The scope of the LPPD is divided into matters of decentralization, general duties, and assistance tasks. This is stated in article 2 PP No. 3 of 2007 which contains the LPPD to the government, information on the LPPD to the public, reports on the accountability of the Regional Head to the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD).
Evie Fitriani
Published: 30 October 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 28-32; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i5.177

Abstract:
The development of vaccines in Indonesia is not only for adults but also for children. However, some of the vaccines for children in circulation are fake vaccines that do not provide the expected immune system. This study contains 2 problem formulations, namely: 1. Role of government. 2. Business actors' liability for losses suffered by consumers. This study used a statute approach and a conceptual approach. There are also other laws that regulate consumer protection laws regarding rights and obligations that are violated, the role of government in controlling these fake vaccines and its accountability.The result of this research is the role of government in deciding the distribution of fake vaccines in Indonesia as well as to fulfill consumer rights and business actors' responsibility for the distribution of fake vaccines and their compensation.
Djamila Podungge, Imam Mashudi, Karlina Napu
Published: 22 September 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 27-32; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i4.143

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the Model Apart Civil Servant Performance Assessment System (SIRANSIJA) in the Gorontalo Province Education and Training Agency. This research method uses a survey method with data collection techniques are observation, interview and literature study. The data analysis technique was carried out through the process of data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. The results of this study are the results of this study are the Performance Appraisal System for Civil Service State Apparatus (SIRANSIJA) at the Gorontalo Province Education and Training Agency based on the Governor Regulation (PERGUB) No. 50 of 2016 which is then implemented through the SIRANSIJA application with the indicators being Integrity, Work Ethic and Mutual Cooperation. The implementation of this Assessment System is also regulated by principles that are objective, measurable, accountable, participatory, and transparency. The conclusion in this study is that the implementation of SIRANSIJA based on Gorontalo Governor Regulation Number 50 of 2016 in terms of the discipline of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) has been effective in optimizing attendance, but in terms of ASN performance, it still needs a lot of improvement.
Paul Benedict Inkum, Na Yu, Wu Zhihui
Published: 22 September 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 9-17; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i4.80

Abstract:
The main purpose of this review paper was to highlight Social Beliefs and Ergonomics on Traditional Seat of Wooden Furniture Review of Related Literature. More specifically, the review of limited literature on traditional seat of wooden furniture in view of ergonomics which characterized the basic structure, safety, functions and aesthetics properties. The paper then provides possible solutions to redesign traditional seats that promote healthier sitting behaviours centered on appropriate configuration of its components. The paper also explores the cross-cultural considerations associated with traditional seat furniture design.
Yoga Khirari Haggai, Erikson Aritonang, Pandini Riata M
Published: 22 September 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 18-25; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i4.137

Abstract:
This study aims to explain the legal protection for patients during the Covid-19 pandemic and the protection mechanism for patients as consumers. This research used doctrinal research. Basically, health development involves all aspects of life, physical, mental and socio-economic. In the growth of health development so far, there has been a change in orientation, both value ​​and thought, especially regarding effort to solve problem in the health sector which are influenced by politic, economic, socio-cultural, defence and security as well as science and technology. The change of orientation will affect the implementation process of health development. Health development, which is basically the responsibility of the state, becomes very important because the private sector also participates in creating a product in the health sector. This society is generally referred to as consumer. Indonesia and all over the world are currently in a pandemic of the Covid-19 virus, where the virus is spreading so fast. Not yet found anti-virus against this virus, the only way is that everyone is obliged to maintain immunity in the body. But it is very unfair for other patients, currently the focus of medical personnel and hospital is to deal with the Covid-19 outbreak, so that the rights of other patients cannot be fulfilled.
Sonya Liani Ramadayanti
Published: 22 September 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 1-8; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i4.131

Abstract:
This study aims to explain the position of tax debt and labour right in bankruptcy. The legal research method used in this research using normative research, the legal rules and legal principles used related to bankruptcy law, tax law and labour law will be a reference in describing the problem of the position of tax debt and labour right in bankruptcy cases. The Taxation Law gives a special treatment and higher position on which the tax debt is first to be paid by the debtor and followed by the right borne by the separatist creditor. On the other hand, Law Number 13 of 2003 concerning Employment also regulates that the labour of the wages and other rights of the labour and positioned the labour as preferred creditor on which the privilege is given by the law. However, there are no statements in the Employment Law that stated the position of labour as a preferred creditor is higher than separatist creditor in the matter of bankrupt as what the Taxation Kaw expressed creditor is higher than the separatist creditor within the matter of tax payment. That distinction seems positioned the preferred creditor status of labour is lower than the position of separatist creditor on the matter of right fulfillment in bankruptcy. It is certainty that the statement which stated that the collection of tax debts have the right to preceded than other debts does not fit in this matter. Eventually, there is a decision of Constitutional Court Number 67/PUU-XI/2013 that provides a change within the position labour’s right on the matter of bankruptcy.
Siskawaty Yahya, Imam Mashudi, Djamila Podungge
Published: 22 September 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 33-37; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i4.186

Abstract:
This research aims to see the mapping of the traits and skills of leadership of private universities in Gorontalo City in Era 4.0. This research method uses qualitative research with data analysis techniques using the Interactive Analysis model from Miles and Hiberman. The results of this study reveal that the quality of leadership that must be possessed by PTS in Gorontalo City is integrity, while for the skills that must be possessed by the Leaders of Private Universities (PTS) in Gorontalo City are technical skills. The results of this study. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the nature of skills that is the factor for the success of the leadership of private universities in Gorontalo City in Era 4.0 is integrity. Meanwhile, leadership skills of private universities in Gorontalo City are more likely to be technical leadership. Thus, it is hoped that the Leadership must be able to adapt to the current conditions, in the era of all digitalization, must be able to take advantage of the available IT and it is necessary to maintain and maintain a noble character as a noble image of leadership.
Ismet Hadi, Upik Dyah Eka Noviyanti, Irwansyah Reza Mohamad, Mohamad Ilyas Abas
Published: 21 June 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 24-33; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i3.130

Abstract:
Accessibility is the facilities provided for persons with disabilities to realize equality and opportunity and all aspects of life and livelihood as ease of moving through and using buildings and the environment with due regard to fluency and feasibility. The purpose of this study was to determine the Gorontalo District regional government policy in implementing the Act relating to the accessibility of the needs of persons with disabilities. Particularly on the accessibility of persons with disabilities to government agencies in Gorontalo District based on Law No. 8 of 2016 concerning Persons with Disabilities and universal design principles implemented in Ministerial Regulation No. 14 of 2017 concerning Building Easiness Requirements. This research uses a normative a juridical type of research with a juridical empirical approach. The results showed that (1). Implementation of Law No. 8 of 2016 concerning Persons with Disabilities in Gorontalo Regency has not been implemented optimally (2). Obstacles found in government agencies in the Gorontalo District environment include government buildings not yet accessible for persons with disabilities. This means that the facilities provided do not meet the universal design principles of ease, usefulness, safety, and independence. The absence of regulations in the form of Regional Regulations and Regents as a legal umbrella related to the standard facilities and services that must be provided for persons with disabilities, and the lack of local budgets for the development and construction of facilities related to the accessibility of persons with disabilities.
Shambel Tufa Telila
Published: 21 June 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 34-44; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i3.136

Abstract:
The intention of this paper is to investigate the impact of the rapid growth of urbanization and urbanism in Eastern Ethiopia, challenges and prospects. The researcher used qualitative research approaches and primary and secondary data collection methods that largely include observations, focus group discussion s, interviews. These are the principal methods to look into the etic view of the community under investigation. The paper employs only a qualitative research method to examine the scenario of the impact of rapid urban expansion and challenges and prospects in this study. The empirical studies indicated that the urbanization process causes the dismantling of the immediate rural community and the cause of land grabbing from these societies. Therefore, this study utilizes to study the challenges and prospects of urbanization on the surrounding community immediately adjacent to urban areas. A number of studies indicated that urbanization causes both challenges and prospects in the area where the urbanization process is taking place. Nevertheless, the challenges and prospects of the urbanization on immediate to adjacent communities living in trouble and irritating for their future life. The standard this research finding disclosed that the living condition of the poor urban dwellers and community adjacent to urban areas who were not secured and stable. Even though they got some opportunities such as access to schooling social services markets and access to some important materials for survival. Still, th ese communities are challenged by the alarming rate growth urbanization that evoked impacts on the overall living patterns of these communities.
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo⃰, Dany Hermann Ngwanou, Daniel Armand Tague Kago, Nelly Kamgaing, Ginette Claude Mireille Kalla, Andreas Chiabi, Paul Olivier Koki Ndombo
Published: 21 June 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 10-23; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i3.128

Abstract:
Confinement and social distancing have been widely used in the prevention of the COVID-19 pandemic, as interventions consisting in reducing physical contact between individuals to prevent the spread of the disease. In order to demonstrate the pattern of these measures, we did a review of pertinent articles on the subject available online. We found that though confinement and social distancing significantly contributed to the mitigation of the COVID-19 infection in a number of countries worldwide, there however exist a dilemma in choosing between the expected benefits and adverse effects, especially when applied on a large scale. Thus considerations with regards to socio-anthropological and politico-economic impacts should be considered in order to protect citizens, especially the vulnerable. Besides, population information, education and communication helps to increase adherence and observation of recommendations. However, further improvements need to be implemented in other to render these measures more bearable and less restrictive while ameliorating their efficacy.
Mezgebu Bayu Bezabih
Published: 20 June 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 1-4; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i3.104

Abstract:
The main purpose of this study was to examine situations of human trafficking with particular reference to South Wollo zone, Amhara regional state. Crosse sectional research design was applied and 40 Participants were took part in the study using availability sampling technique .This means those who were available at agar Ethiopia refugee’s camp during the time of data collection were inculcated into the study. The required data was collected through questionnaire and interview and then data was analyzed by using both quantitative methods such as one sample t-test and percentage as well as qualitative methods like thematic analysis. The finding of this study in on one sample t- test revealed that, the status of human trafficking, in the sample zone is high; there is increment of migration of Amhara dwellers from their native area to Areb countries. The root causes for the outbreak of human trafficking is linked with economic reason, be fool of brokers, inappropriate contestation among parents who live in the same geographical area. In line with the consequences of human trafficking, the trafficked have encountered different challenges such as exploitation of money for brokers, rape by brokers as well as paymasters as well their relatives and assassination too. Among these, rape is the most common one that the majority of trafficked are faced.
Junaedi Junaedi
Published: 20 June 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 5-9; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i3.110

Abstract:
This article discusses the implementation of Good Corporate Governance (GCG) in the Field of Securing Plantation Assets, especially at PT Perkebunan Nusantara (PTPN) IV. Good Corporate Governance (GCG) in the area of ​​securing assets in PTPN IV can be measured by the three elements of the legal system, namely: the legal substance (the Forestry Law); its legal structure (Law Enforcement Officials: Forestry and Police PPNS); corporate legal culture. The three systems are interrelated with one another. Systemic law enforcement efforts must pay attention to the elements of the legal system because it is the essence of law enforcement. the findings in the field of plantation crime mode are massive and organized. With regard to theft of oil palm, many people believe that it is often carried out by oil palm ninja (simple crime), but in reality theft by "oil palm ninja" is about 10% to 15% only. In reality, there is an oil palm mafia operating in PTPN IV's estates which holds 85% of these oil thieves. 90% organized / serious crime. The criminal act of theft and embezzlement of oil palm FFB (Fresh fruit bunches) in the PTPN IV area is massive and can be categorized as very critical.
Syeda Sadia Afzal
Published: 30 April 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 27-32; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i2.92

Abstract:
Jewelry’s anecdotes have been growing up since kingdom times. Getting acceptation day by day, women are using jewelry cutturely, etiquette generation and acquiesce. Passion of jewelry in women has trending now a days, another trending of young generation to become more attractive and beautiful with the help of jewelry. Everyone use jewelry for their capacity like, Diamon, Gold, Silver, Pearls and other materials. Time is changed and the importance of jewelry has been increased, Gold and Silver’s values are different but getting expensive of Gold other material take place here some other introduction of jewelry.
, Syamsidar Syamsidar, Muh. Zainuddin Badollahi
Published: 30 April 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 1-9; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i2.84

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the phenomenon of pandemic disease outbreaks, treatment or prevention patterns carried out by the Bugis-Makassar community, although they have been equipped with modern knowledge about the handling of disease outbreaks, they still do some ritual outbreaks in which each of these rituals is called Assongka Bala led by a person called Sanro. This study uses a qualitative research method with a descriptive approach to describe the role of Sanro in Assongka Bala rituals, data collection techniques used are interviews and observation. This study aims to: Describe the role of Sanro in the ritual handling of outbreaks in the Bugis-Makassar community. The role of Sanro in Sanro's knowledge of ritual prevention and treatment of disease outbreaks in his community as well as knowledge of ritual management performed so that people who believe in needing a Sanro to lead the ritual. The Bugis-Makassar community, in their practice of life, is related to the social, cultural and handling of disease outbreaks, the community has a belief in the rituals of Assongka Bala which then becomes traditional values ​​that affect their knowledge about handling epidemics and also influences their behavior in maintaining health, namely the behavior system is generally divided into two types, namely in the family environment and customary environment.
Junaedi Junaedi
Published: 30 April 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 10-16; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i2.87

Abstract:
The purpose of this study explains the principle of piercing the governance veil can support the realization of good governance and clean governance in order to prevent the misuse of corruption. The research method is a normative legal method with a statutory approach), concepts and cases. The results of this study can be explained that the principle of piercing the governance veil supports the realization of good governance and clean governance in order to prevent abuse of the power of the authorities (governors / regents / mayors) so as to prevent unlawful acts carried out by the executive as the holder of the people's mandate. The governance veil principle can limit or prevent illegal actions carried out by the government and its staff for personal gain or enrich oneself and its cronies. The conclusion of this study is that due to the legal principles of the governance veil, it can lead to KKN and the occurrence of abuse of authority, resulting in state losses, then criminal penalties based on Law No. 20 of 2001 concerning criminal acts of corruption.
Published: 30 April 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 17-26; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i2.89

Abstract:
This research paper is focused on how Willa Cather portrays the inner rebellion and the passion of a female character, Marian Forrester in her novel A Lost Lady. She walks against the social norms and she is presented as a rigid character who dismantles the male created hierarchy woman as a subordinate being in the society. Though she is married and living happily with her husband, somewhere deep down in her heart she is not happy with her husband. Marian seems to transcend her husband’s order. At that time female were not allowed to enjoy their freedom like the males. Marian goes against male hegemony and to create her separate identity. As a qualitative research, by using radical feminism as a tool of interpretation, the researcher collected textual evidenced from Cather’s novel and interpreted them to fulfill the objective of this research. This research concludes that Cather’s Marian has dismantled the social hierarchy created by the male superiority or patriarchy in the novel.
Published: 30 April 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 33-40; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i2.93

Abstract:
The present research paper is the extensive analyses of Ali Smith’s seminal novel Girl Meets Boy by applying Queer Theory as a tool. As a qualitative research, this paper is the study of queer behavior of characters of the fiction which questions over the established heterosexual social conceptions. The authoritative concept of heterosexual bond has been challenged with the idea of queerness or homosexual bond. The character Anthea and Robin cross the social life of heterosexuality and got the freedom physically and sexually in their lesbian love. As revolutionary characters, they question over the dominant narrative of heterosexuality and create a new test for readers. This fiction portrays the myth of sexual minorities in a new way. Their sexual behavior portrays shifting notion of sexuality because of awareness of gender biasness. It also proves that the identity is cultural construct and the characters have created distinct identity going against the so called socially established sexual behaviours.
Ifan Surya Negara
Published: 29 January 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 19-24; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i1.21

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the social and cultural changes of the community towards health in the Village of Panciro, Gowa Regency. This research method uses a qualitative approach and descriptive type. Data sources of this research are interviews and documentation. Activities in data analysis include data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The results showed that traditional treatments or modern treatments can be a comparison in society, but all returned with that choice, in which both have the same goal of treating illness and healing albeit in different ways between the two. There are community norms that are strongly held by the Gowa community where men should not be shaking hands with a woman who is not his mahram (not related by blood), so a woman must be treated by a doctor of the same sex. The Government of Gowa Regency pays attention to the health sector by cutting the administration process to hasten the queue so that this can be a trigger for people to prefer treatment at the hospital rather than traditional medicine.
Ahyar Amir
Published: 29 January 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 5-11; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i1.19

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the content of the policy in the implementation of the Education Budget in the Palopo City Budget and to analyze the policy context in the implementation of Palopo Regional Educational Budgeting in the. This study uses a qualitative approach through the use of interviews, direct observation in the field and analysis of written materials as the main data source. From the research results obtained, the indicator of interest that is influenced shows the interests of the school become more attentive and more accommodated. Implementation of Free Education in the field where the school benefits in the form of the use of free education funds for additional incentives from teaching hours of teachers outside of school hours and additional operational costs, the use of free education at the elementary level more budget absorbed for intensive teachers and for junior high school budgets more absorbed in the costs of supporting school activities such as stationery for the office and teaching and learning activities. In the implementation of free education, the decision-making process is carried out through deliberations that involve all interested parties (students' parents through the school committee and the school itself). Characteristics that are different from each school makes it difficult for schools to implement free education programs. The existence of this free education program makes the active role of parents in paying attention to the learning of students to be reduced.
Akira Yonemoto
Published: 29 January 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 12-18; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i1.20

Abstract:
Since China's proposal of the “Belt and Road” initiative in 2013, the relationship between China and Southeast Asia has continued to develop. This achievement is inseparable from a large number of overseas Chinese living in Southeast Asia. As an indispensable and unique force to promote the construction of the “Belt and Road”, the Southeast Asians Chinese have played an irreplaceable role: such as support of Chinese culture spreading, building confidence and disambiguation among countries, and economic and trade cooperation. The problems and challenges facing Chinese culture in Southeast Asia are not only related to the development of Chinese society in Southeast Asia but also the current development of Chinese native culture. To overcome the problems and challenges encountered in the process of inheriting Chinese culture in Southeast Asia, we must clearly understand the status of overseas Chinese and the role that overseas Chinese can play to maximize their role and influence as carriers and bridges.
Akira Yonemoto
Published: 29 January 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 1-4; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i1.18

Abstract:
Analysis of the language in which honorific expressions are developed has revealed various findings. The social and cultural background can be considered by analyzing the history of the honorifics, etc., but the honorifics are often used in colloquial language. Is also an issue of this research. Since honorifics reflect not only their practical aspects but also society, culture, and ideas, it is one clue to know from the history and usage of honorifics, and there is room for sociolinguistic analysis and consideration. Is an area where there are still many.
Nurul Insani
Published: 29 January 2020
Journal La Sociale, Volume 1, pp 25-28; doi:10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v1i1.45

Abstract:
To make changes in the organization and increase the professionalism of the apparatus it is important to redefine what the organization wants to achieve, build a payroll system that promotes the value of fairness and build organizational structures that allow for rapid decision-making processes. many factors can affect the professionalism of the apparatus, including the organizational culture that arises and crystallizes in bureaucratic traffic, organizational goals, organizational structure, work procedures in bureaucracy, incentive systems. Public service providers must study ethical norms that are universal because they can be used as guidelines for their behavior in providing services to the community.
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