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Results in Journal Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology: 81

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T. V. Momont
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 42, pp 57-63; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.42.09

Abstract:
The essence of diversification and its directions is investigated in the article. Significance of external and internal effects of diversification, their interdependence is proved. The basic approaches to diversification of activity of economic entities are determined, causality of the diversification mechanism is established. The main types of diversification are highlighted and the classification of diversification according to its directions, methods and purpose for accounting and analytical purposes is proposed. The accounting and analytical goals of diversification implementation are investigated and their relationship with its strategy and processes is determined. The social results of the implementation of diversification processes at the enterprises for the society are determined and the achievement of the social effect of the diversification of the activity of the enterprises is substantiated. It is proved that the classification features and types of diversification highlighted in the article have the greatest influence on the organization of accounting of the enterprise and information support of the management personnel, who chose the diversification strategy of development. Diversification factors have been formulated. It is emphasized that the goal of diversification determines the result they seek to obtain in the course of diversification, and accordingly influences the composition of indicators that must be analyzed in order to determine whether the goal has been achieved, ie to determine the effectiveness of diversification processes. The role of diversification in the economic activity of the enterprise is determined. The classification features of diversification processes have been systematized. It is proved that diversification of business entities is a universal instrument of risk management, stabilization of financial stability and improvement of profitability indicators, and its use provides an opportunity to formulate long-term competitive advantages, attract investment capital and introduce innovative processes.
D. Mytsenko
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 42, pp 33-38; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.42.05

Abstract:
The essence of the concept of "blended learning", its main features, varieties, stages of implementation and models of realization are considered in the article. The analysis of modern researches of the problem of the use of blended learning in education, the identification on the basis of its results of the most optimal forms and models of use of "blended learning" is carried out. The expediency of using the classification of American researcher MB Horn, which identifies six models of blended learning, is indicated. Face-to-Face Driver. The educator personally teaches the bulk of the instructional material to the audience. An online course is added to the course as required, which is additional and traditional. "Rotation Model" ("rotational model"). There is a rotation of classroom and independent work of students online. Flexmodel. The course is mostly online. The teacher coordinates the activities of students through the network. Live contacts are made as needed. OnlineLab. The course is taught online, however, not at home alone, but in an equipped classroom under the guidance of a teacher. Self-BlendModel. Students choose courses to study online. The experience of blended learning in higher education is presented. The purpose and comparative capabilities of the common LMS (Learning Management Systems) - Moodle and Google Classroom - are analyzed. Based on the analysis of scientific sources and modern pedagogical practice, it was concluded that blended learning should be used in higher education institutions.
S.M. Kontseba, S.D. Skurtol, H.Iu. Rodashchuk
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 40, pp 22-26; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.40.05

Abstract:
In this article, you can read about the usage of a model for evaluation of the risk of non-payments for foreign economic contracts based on the law of exponential distribution. Approbation of this model revealed that timely evaluation of risks of non-payments to counterparties for foreign economic contracts provides successful work and development of the business. It also helps to decrease the negative impact of risks on the business' economy.
S. M. Chimishenko
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 42, pp 39-44; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.42.06

Abstract:
The article deals with the problematic issues of the outflow of human capital, ie people with acquired education, work experience, ideas, etc., in the context of reforming the higher education system in Ukraine. The concept of human development, which has emerged in the world over the last 20-25 years, considers human development as the main goal and criterion for social progress. Considering one of the human rights - free movement and choice of place of residence - this concept is crucial in shaping international migration flows in the modern world. The level of economic and social development of the individual country and the world as a whole depends on the distribution of the population by countries and on the quality of human capital. Therefore, the migration policy of many countries is aimed at selecting the highest quality human capital through labor migration: employment quotas are formed for the purpose of attracting either the intellectual potential or representatives of the most rare professions. The educational aspect of human capital discussed in the article is the quality and accessibility of higher education, its ability to meet the demands of modern business and to become a factor in maintaining quality human capital in Ukraine. Ukraine is now in the process of an active outflow of human capital, including young people, who are choosing places of education to other countries. Among the reasons for this situation is the desire of Ukrainian youth to secure employment abroad, since the level of wages abroad far exceeds the level of wages in Ukraine. The issue of human capital outflows is multidimensional, so the solution to the problem must be complex. Together with the reform of the education system in Ukraine, all spheres of public life should be reformed, taking into account the experience of the European countries and the most developed countries of the world.
I. O. Nikonenko
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 42, pp 126-130; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.42.20

Abstract:
Now, so important to consider the business as a financial and profitability structure, that is interested in competitiveness, efficient activity and economic development. The achievement of the defined indicators of successful business is possible of the presence of professional, experienced and conscientious employees, so is the important to form such a system of personnel management, which is in order to promote the competence of the employees. In addition to making business investments in training and developing competencies of the employees, an important prerequisite is the meaningful and purposeful willingness of the personality to foster the development of herself professional competence in the context of the actual volatile and unpredictable VUCA-world. To that, in the article describe the conceptual foundations of professional personal self-development in the context of the VUCA-world and presented of the basic VUCA-competencies as the competitive advantages of the modern business environment. According to the provisions of the VUCA-world, important competencies of the employees there are: prognostic vision in the context of prospect of business development; understanding of the actual needs and purpose of the business activity; creativity, as the ability to the put forward alternative solutions of the business problems, and agility, as the ability and the internally determined conviction to act in the interests of the business. The explained of importance of social and area organization as main conditions for the professional self-development, personal awareness and competitiveness of the employees. In the context of the activity approach, the revealed of the importance of the professional environment for the development of the leading competencies of the employe. So, in the article is express of the priority of the psycho-sociology need for the formation of such the model of the development of the competencies of the employee, that would be answer of the needs of actual unpredictable VUCA-world.
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 43, pp 13-19; doi:10.37203/kibit.2020.43.02

Abstract:
The actuality of the research is connected with the necessity of studying psychological peculiarities of aggression manifestation in teenage years, which is not studied sufficiently enough and requires a more thorough research, namely, the development of the program aimed at decreasing the level of the aggression manifestation with the use of methods of the sandplay therapy. The article presents the theoretical analysis of the contemporary methods in psychology for investigating aggression in the teenage years. Furthermore, the types of aggression, factors contributing to the occurrence the teenage aggression have been defined. The study of aggression is one of the main courses of the research, diagnostic and treatment, and prophylactic work. Nowadays psychologists implement plenty of various techniques in the work with the aggressive behavior in teenagers, but the most effective, as we see it, is the sandplay therapy. Through the use of methods of the sandplay therapy teenagers can master the skills of self-control and self-regulation, foster the positive personality traits, ease the psychological tension, relieve of the unpleasant experiences and the negative life situation due to its projecting on playing with the sand and symbolic reliving. The results of the empiric research, which targets the diagnostics of the level of the severity of aggression, determination of the integral forms of the communicative aggression and the tendency to the suicidal risk, are reviewed. The correction program has been tested on the experimental group of teenagers, who had the high indices of aggression levels, low self-esteem, the high level of anxiety, difficulties in communication, and detected signs of self-aggression. The courses of work of the psychological training aimed at coping with aggression in teenagers are: directing the decrease of the level of aggression; boosting the level of self-esteem; easing emotional tension; development of initiative and activity; development of the social skills. The peculiarities of development and approbation of the correction program aimed on decreasing the manifestation of aggression in the teenage years have been revealed. The conducted approbation of the training has demonstrated that in teenagers of the experimental group there has been a boost of self-esteem, decrease of the level of anxiety, fears, also their negativism and indirect aggression have been lowered, and the emotional state has improved.
N. M. Vishnevskaya
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 42, pp 45-50; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.42.07

Abstract:
The influence of motivational mechanism on increase of labor activity of the personnel of the enterprise is analyzed in the article; the basic approaches of domestic and foreign scientists to methods of motivation are summarized; evolutionary development of motivational theories is considered; the content of the modern interpretation of the concept of "motivation" is revealed; the basic methods of personnel motivation applied in modern organizations are conducted; American, Japanese and French have been identified and studied among a large number of models of work motivation; it is proved that the activation of staff activity at the enterprise is the driving force of innovative changes that can be achieved only through the formation of a complex system of motivation and constant professional development of staff, identified the main and most urgent problems of motivation of the staff of the organization; the main motives of employees were grouped into four groups; noted as a drawback that the vast majority of modern business executives are known to implement a material incentive system that has a short-term impact on staff and provides a lasting effect; confirmed that a well thought out and well organized motivation system influences the recruitment of new staff and the stabilization of existing jobs; it is emphasized that the modern executives have the task of creating an individual effective system of employee motivation, finding the right approaches, methods of influencing the employees that could most effectively influence them and force them into high-performance work; a scale of motives for work has been constructed; the introduction of a compensation package, which allows to control the turnover of employees, to increase the level of motivation of work, to achieve the growth of labor productivity, to attract the right workers to the organization, to provide favorable social and psychological climate, to increase the image of the organization and to ensure its competitiveness.
O. Zhyhylevych
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 40, pp 56-58; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.40.13

Abstract:
After some very successful years of an MBA as a foundation of a career in management, nowadays some serious questions arise. Does business education has a future? In what format? Teaching who and how? This article contains an overview of some of the opinion leaders in the area of business education. The purpose of this work is to identify major development trends on the subject. Major drivers and conclusions are summarized.
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 42, pp 51-56; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.42.08

Abstract:
In our country the question of developing a credit policy remains important and paramount, so far there is no single answer to it. The article proposes the point of view of scientists on the concept of "credit policy", which is a system of principles established by the central bank and the state in the credit sphere with the purpose of regulating the credit process in banks. Credit policy should form the content of the loan portfolio and establish standards for making credit decisions, it is analyzed its direction. The principles of balanced credit policy, as well as its main stages, are systematized. The credit policy of a commercial bank must contain rules for the implementation of specific goals, including standards and instructions that represent the methodological support for its implementation. It is proved, that credit policy of a commercial bank is a combination of its credit strategy and credit tactics. The credit policy features are prescribed, which should be reflected in the bank's internal documents. Determination and improvement of credit policy means to formulate and consolidate in the necessary internal documents the position of the management of the bank. The goals of the bank in conducting a balanced credit policy, the functions of the credit policy, macro- and microfactors affecting it are indicated. Goals and standards of lending are determined in accordance with the strategic development plan of the bank and can be formulated both in the long-term development plan and in the budget of the bank for the current year. The importance of the principles of rational lending and the composition of lending standards are emphasized. The development of a credit policy of any bank depends on a number of factors, among which macrofactors and microprocessors can be identified. Functions of credit policy are: commercial functions, control functions, stimulating function, specific functions. The credit policy of banks when working with legal entities is aimed at developing long-term relationships with borrowers, in article the criteria for selecting clients for cooperation are determined.
R.L Panteev
Herald of Kiev Institute of Business and Technology, Volume 40, pp 68-72; doi:10.37203/kibit.2019.40.16

Abstract:
The methods of application of neural networks for solving the problems of control of dynamic objects are considered. For each type of neural control, the circuits for connecting the neural networks within the control system are presented and the procedures for their training are described in detail. The advantages and disadvantages of the described methods are analyzed.
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