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Lalu Muh. Kabul, Julio Nedo Darenoh, Armin Subhani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 138-147; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2664

Abstract:
Previously research on bonus demographic measurement is still only focused on one model, namely dependency ratio which coverage two methods namely Cheung et al and Adioetomo. This research was carried out in East Lombok Regency and consist of two models, namely dependency ratio model and economic lifetime model. Dependency ratio model which coverage four methods namely Cheung et al, Adioetomo, Komine & Kabe, and Golini. Meanwhile economic lifetime model which coverage two methods namely support ratio and ratio of lifecycle pension wealth to total labour income. The aimed of this research is to determine model and method of bonus demographic measurement. This research used descriptive quantitative method. Based on the data analysis the results obtained that model that developed for measurement of demographic bonus is only dependency ratio model, meanwihle economic lifetime model isn’t developed yet. Refer to the fourth method of dependency ratio model, three methods have been developed namely Cheung et al, Adioetomo, Komine and Kabe, meanwhile Golini hasn’t been developed yet. Based on Cheung et al method East Lombok Timur Regency has been achieved demographic bonus between 2035 and 2045, but based on Adioetomo method between 2020 and 2045 has not been achieved demographic bonus yet and based on Komine and Kabe method will be achieved demographic bonus between 2020 and 2045. Keywords: demographic bonus, dependency ratio, economic lifetime
Susilawati Susilawati, Universitas Mathla’Ul Anwar Fakultas Teknologi Dan Informatika, Robby Rizky, Sri Setiyowati, Aghy Gilar Pratama
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 192-199; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2754

Abstract:
Banten is a province that has historical cultural heritage, one of which is located in Pandeglang Regency, Menes District. The cultural heritage that is owned is in the form of a relic of the Dutch era building that is still exist today. This triggers many tourists to visit this place. The problem is that tourists have difficulty finding the fastest route to these tourist attractions. The purpose of this research is to find the fastest route to get to the cultural heritage tourist attractions. This study uses the A * Star method, which is believed to be very accurate in solving these problems because it has a heuristic calculation that is able to calculate existing nodes. The data used in this study are data from google maps, after the image is obtained, the data will be converted into a grid which will then become the benchmark for calculations. Based on the results of this research, it can be concluded that the use of the A * Star method is used to find the closest route to cultural heritage tourist attractions in Menes District, Pandeglang Regency. The fastest route is through Serang City - Maja intersection - Cipacung intersection - Mengger intersection - Batubantar junction - Alaswangi village - Menes with a distance of 29,400 km. Keywords : A*Star method, fastest route, travel places, cultural heritage
Yusliana Yusliana, Institut Teknologi Nasional Yogyakarta Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, Mutiasari Kurnia Devi Devi
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 148-159; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2721

Abstract:
Regional development in Special Region of Yogyakarta is centered on its urban area, namely Kawasan Perkotaan Yogyakarta (KPY/ Yogyakarta Urban Aglomeration Area). This has created regional disparity and other concerns regarding the environmental sustainability in KPY. The new growth center is therefore needed, especially to solve the problem of regional disparity. This research was conducted to identify the district in the south coast of DIY that has the potentiallity to be developed as the new growth center. For this purpose, this research utilizes scalogram analysis combined with the gravity model and demographic analysis. The result shows that Wates District in Kulonprogo Regency has the potentiallity to be developed as the primary growth center in the south coast of DIY. Furthermore, Kretek District in Bantul Regency has the potentiallity to be developed as the secondary growth center. Meanwhile, Saptosari District in Gunungkidul Regency has the potentiallity to be developed as the tertiary growth center. Keywords: grafity, disparity, growth pole, scalogram, regional
Mery Monica, Fakultas Teknik Program Magister Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 220-230; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2881

Abstract:
Each region has different potential resources, so it is necessary to study the potential resources that are superior in each region, as well as Kerinci Regency. This is done as a basis for making appropriate regional development policies in Kerinci Regency. This study aims to describe the pattern of sectoral change and growth in the economy, determine the leading sectors, and see the development of the population in recent years, so that it can be taken into consideration in the formulation of development planning policies within the framework of regional development. The research method used is quantitative research using Location Quotient (LQ) analysis, Shift Share analysis and population analysis. The results showed that the basic sector that has the potential to be developed as an economic support and is classified as a developed, fast growing and competitive sector in Kerinci Regency is the Information and Communication sector. Keywords: planning, regional development, leading sector, Kerinci Regency
Tuti Mutia, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ekonomi Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Sri Agustina, Suroso Suroso, Ramli Akhmad
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 210-219; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2869

Abstract:
Learning objectives are achieved when students actively interact with the learning components arranged by the teacher. One of the learning components that can support the achievement of learning objectives is the learning model. One learning model that can produce open interaction between students is Think Pair Share (TPS). This model gives students the opportunity to think and help with friends. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the TPS learning model on learning outcomes of Geography. This type of research is a quasi-experimental (Quasi Experiment), with a nonquivalent control group design. The research variables consisted of: 1) the dependent variable was student learning outcomes and 2) the independent variable was the TPS learning model. Student learning outcomes are measured using a test consisting of two, namely objective and subjective tests. The instrument used is a multiple choice test, amounting to 40 items. Data analysis used independent T test with SPSS 20.00 for Windows. The results showed that the TPS learning model had an effect on learning outcomes. TPS provides an opportunity for students to develop their analytical skills on a problem and communicate it. Keywords: cooperative learning, think pair share model, and learning outcomes
Siti Malikah, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ekonomi Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Baiq Liana Widiyanti, Baiq Ahda Razula Apriyeni, Hasrul Hadi
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 172-181; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2801

Abstract:
The increase of population in East Lombok Regency has an effect on the increase in the volume of waste, while the existing Waste Final Processing Sites (WFPS) are no longer able to accommodate the increasing volume of waste. The government also has not yet received a suitable location recommendation for the construction of a new WFPS, therefore it is very important to carry out a suitability analysis for the establishment of a new WFPS in East Lombok Regency to overcome the high volume of waste in the old WFPS. This study aims to determine a suitable location for WFPS development. This research is a quantitative descriptive study based on Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Determination of parameters for the analysis of the suitability of WFPS locations using the Indonesian National Standard (INS) Number 03-3241-1994. Data analysis technique uses overlay several maps using ArcGIS version 10.1 application. The analysis process is divided into three stages, namely: 1) the regional stage, which is the initial selection stage to determine the land suitability class; 2) the elimination stage, at this stage the elimination is carried out from the results in the first stage by using the values and weights of general parameters and physical parameters; 3) the appropriate location recommendation phase. Based on the results of data analysis, it is known that the suitable location to become WFPS in East Lombok Regency is Pringgabaya District with 164 score. Keywords: GIS analysis, WFPS,Lombok Timur
Budiman Tampubolon, Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Diah Trismi Harjanti, Nur Meily Adlika, Ludovicus Manditya Hari Christanto
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 182-191; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2765

Abstract:
The role of the agricultural sector as a provider of food and non-food sources is directly related to the 2030 SDGs target of eradicating poverty and hunger. In Kubu Raya, one of the developing areas in the agricultural sector is Rasau Jaya District, with main crops being food crops and vegetables for food security. Agricultural land in Rasau Jaya District is dominated by peatlands with 14,371,392 hectares area. This study aims to determine the form of peatland use into potential land, the role of agriculture as a provider of food and non-food sources, and the form of its use. The method used is remote sensing method and survey method. The results showed that land use in the Rasau Jaya District included rice fields, gardens, fields, moor, yards, settlements, forests, shrubs, water bodies, and vacant land. Food crop agricultural products are used to meet food needs as well as non-food needs such as education and health. Most people use the harvest for personal consumption and for sale. There are still not many people in Rasau Jaya District who process agricultural products into a product. Farmers sell their crops in several ways, among others: directly sold to consumers, sold directly to the market by opening their own kiosks, deposited with middlemen and agents, and taken by investors who invest in farmers. Keywords: peatlands, food security, food crops
Listyo Yudha Irawan, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Jurusan Geografi, Ade Yulyanto, Ahmad Zaini T.S, Anang Ma’Ruf, Elok Nailatus Sa'Idah, Fadel Mahardhika Setiawan
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 160-171; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2474

Abstract:
Poncokusumo and Wajak regions are one of the Districts in Malang Regency. Poncokusumo and Wajak have varied land uses, geology and morphogenesis. This physiographic condition has an effect on the increasing threat of landslides. This study aims to determine the level of landslide hazard and its distribution. The method used in the identification of landslide hazards is the scoring method which refers to the 2012 BNPB Head Regulation, Indonesian National Standard number 13-7124-2005, the Indirect Method, and the Indonesian Disaster Risk (RBI) BNPB 2016. The results showed that the geological conditions of the study area were composed of volcanic materials such as lava and lava deposits. This material is loose and unstable. Based on the slope classification, this area consists of flat areas with a slope of 0-8% to steep areas with a slope of> 40%. Based on the morphological conditions, it can be seen that this area is an area prone to landslides. Landslide hazard levels in parts of Poncokusumo and Wajak are low and medium. Low landslide hazard levels are dominated by forest land use. The level of danger of a lonsor is being dominated by the use of residential land. The area with a low hazard level is 860.8 Ha and the area with a moderate hazard level is 365.1 Ha. Keywords: landslide, hazard, GIS
Animar Animar, Siti Arni Wulandya
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 231-239; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.3019

Abstract:
The spread of the Corona virus has had a significant impact on the world of education. The policy taken by many countries, including Indonesia, is to close all educational activities. This makes the government and related institutions have to present an alternative learning process. Many factors affect student learning outcomes coupled with changes in learning conditions due to the Corona virus (Covid-19) outbreak. The purpose of this study was to obtain information about the impacts and constraints of the Covid-19 outbreak on teaching and learning activities, especially in Geography subjects at SMA Negeri 1 Sikur. Data collection was carried out using the pretest - posttest method of students' abilities before and after the Covid-19 pandemic. Furthermore, data analysis was carried out by quantitative methods using paired sample t-test to test the difference in the effect of the two treatments on the interrelated sample groups. The results of the analysis indicate that there is a difference in the average Geography learning outcomes of 11th grade of social science students before and after the outbreak of the corona virus. Information was obtained that the average value of student learning outcomes during the face-to-face learning process was 86.27, better than the average value when the learning process was carried out online which was 75.73. Keywords: covid-19 impact, learning outcomes, geography
Karunia Puji Hastuti, Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 117-126; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2642

Abstract:
Writing is a process for expressing ideas. Facts in the field show that most students still think that writing is a difficult and insignificant thing. Another fact shows that the writing culture has shifted to a copy-paste culture. Therefore, a certain strategy is needed to stimulate students to overcome various difficulties in writing scientific papers. This study aims to improve students' scientific writing skills by applying SETS (Science, Environment, Technology, Society) based learning. The research method used was Classroom Action Research with the Kemmis and Mctaggart model. The research subjects were 14 students of the Geography Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Lambung Mangkurat University. The data analysis used was the interactive model of Miles and Huberman. The results showed that the average score of students' scientific writing skills in pre-action was 59.14% (sufficient category), 70.42% in Cycle I (good category), and 76.71% in Cycle II (good category). Based on the research results, it can be concluded that the application of SETS-based learning can improve scientific writing skills for students of the Geography Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Lambung Mangkurat.
Heru Hendrayana, Fakultas Teknik Departemen Teknik Geologi, Indra Agus Riyanto, Azmin Nuha, Fakultas Geografi Magister Pengelolaan Perencanaan Pesisir Dan Daerah Aliran Sungai
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 127-137; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2643

Abstract:
The Yogyakarta-Sleman Groundwater Basin has an important role in providing water resources for people of Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta City, and Bantul Regency. If it is not managed properly, excessive groundwater utilization can reduce the quality and quantity of groundwater. This study aims to determine the level of groundwater utilization in the Yogyakarta-Sleman Groundwater Basin. The method used is the calculation of dynamic groundwater and water utilization according to the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) number 19-6728.1-2002. The results showed that the trend of total groundwater utilization from 2013 to 2018 has increased in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta City, and Bantul Regency. However, when viewed from the level of groundwater utilization, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta City, and Bantul Regency are dominated by low utilization rates, while the very high utilization rates in Sleman Regency are in Godean and Gamping Districts. The utilization rate is very high in the city of Yogyakarta, located in Umbulharjo District. While the level of utilization is very high in Bantul Regency, in Imogiri District. Thus it can be concluded that the level of groundwater utilization in the Yogyakarta-Sleman Groundwater Basin area is quite diverse, dominated by the low category but there are several sub-districts in the very high category, so that the groundwater utilization zone in CAT Yogyakarta-Sleman still needs control, so that it can be sustainable and utilized in the long term. Keywords: groundwater basin, groundwater use, index of groundwater use
Mukhlis Mustofa, Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 200-209; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2776

Abstract:
The high number of casualties and property losses due to disasters is one of the causes of weak disaster preparedness. The character of disaster preparedness, of course, does not form instantly, but goes through a long process. Disaster education based on local wisdom is the right step in strengthening the character of disaster preparedness in students. Disaster education is very important to be held starting from elementary level education to higher education. This study aims to determine conceptually-theoretically how disaster education based on local wisdom can strengthen the character of disaster preparedness. The method used in this study is the library research method, or it can be called the literature review method, which is a type of study that is carried out by examining relevant related literatures. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that the implementation of disaster education based on local wisdom can improve the character of students' preparedness. So that the stronger character of student preparedness can reduce the risk in the event of a disaster. Keywords: disaster education, local wisdom, character of disaster preparedness
Abdul Rasyid, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ekonomi Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Suroso Suroso, Sri Agustina
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 107-116; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.2303

Abstract:
This study aims to determine: 1) the level of motivation for returning migrant workers to work abroad; 2) type and level of remittance utilization of migrant workers in the Senyiur Village, Keruak District. The method used is survey research with a descriptive approach. Data collection is done by questionnaire, interview, observation and documentation. In this study, 42 people were selected as samples with the snowball sampling technique. The subjects in this study were the people of Senyiur Village who had one or more family members to become migrant workers, and had migrated again over three times. While the data analysis technique used is percentage descriptive analysis. The results showed that: 1) the motivation of migrant workers to return work to abroad was in the high category with a percentage of 78.16%; 2) utilization of remittances for consumptive activities is in the high category with a percentage of 89.40%. While the utilization for productive economic activities is in the low category with a percentage of 10.6%.
Mashur Mashur, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Hewan
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 75-84; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.2066

Abstract:
Market waste management is still a problem that cannot be solved until now. One effort that can be done is to utilize market organic waste as a media for cultivating earthworms Eisenia fetida. To find out the influence of the use of market waste as a cultivation medium to increase cocoon and biomass production, a research was carried out using a Completely Randomized Design with five treatments with three replications. Research findings show that market waste utilization has a significant effect (P <0.05) on cocoon and biomass production. The 50% mixture (market waste + cattle feces) is the best medium in producing the most cocoon 207.7 grains/nest box while the 50% mixture (market waste + horse feces) is the best medium in producing the most biomass of 1,362 animals weighing 47.9 grams/nest box. The conclusion is that market organic waste used as the best medium to increase the production of Einesia foetida cocoon and biomass when mixed with cow and horse feces.
Agusanjaya Agusanjaya, Fakultas Sains Dan Teknologi Jurusan Teknik Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, Nursyam As, Fadhil Surur
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 65-74; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.2021

Abstract:
The existence of bats in the urban area of Soppeng Regency not only had a mystery, but also was a unique characteristic in that area. The bats still exist even the city was developed rapidly. This study was aimed to study the effect of bat habitat on land use development and to understand the direction of land use development in maintaing the sustainability of the bat's historical value. Desctiptive analysis and linear regression methods were used in this research. The results showed that the development of the city had linear pattern which follows the direction of the road so that the city was not centralized in Watansoppeng. The linear regression result showed that the population affect the development of land use in the District of Lalabata, Soppeng Regency. The population was more dominant to build outside the city in order to converse the habitat of bats.
M. Akhirudin Nurul Huda, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ekonomi Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Hasrul Hadi, Armin Subhani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 95-106; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.2273

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the description of waste management along the river border of Pancor and Sekarteja villages. Determination of data sources is done by purposive sampling, which is chosen with specific considerations and objectives, for example, to people who are considered important and know about problems and waste management. Data collection techniques carried out by observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The data collected in this study were analyzed with a qualitative descriptive approach. Furthermore, to test the level of validity of the data carried out by cross-checking (triangulation) especially source triangulation and technical triangulation. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the description of waste management along the river border is carried out with seven stages, namely: 1) the presence of garbage generation; 2) worship; 3) direct waste disposal into rivers, vacant land and stove fires; 4) collection; 5) burning rubbish in the yard or on the roadside; 6) the process of transportation by officers to the final disposal site and 7) the final processing (controlled landfill). Thus it can be seen that the community only collects waste around their neighborhoods such as vacant land, as well as several points around the river border. In addition, there are also those who collect it at a temporary landfill which is then transported again to the landfill.
Revi Mainaki, Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Rendra Zainal Maliki
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 44-54; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.1951

Abstract:
Indonesia is one of countries with a relatively high level of biodiversity. One of these biological resources, is bamboo. The existence of bamboo plants in Asia, including Indonesia, is widely used by segments, reeds, midribs, colors and height for various purposes. The writing of this article aims to explain the use of bamboo diversity in a hydrological, economic, social and defense manner in society, as one of the alternative solutions for the utilization of biological resources in Indonesia. The type of data used is literature data in the form of scientific papers or relevant research results. The data that has been collected is then analyzed using a qualitative descriptive approach. The results showed: 1) the hydrological function of bamboo provides direct benefits as a conservation plant reducing erosion, preventing landslides, good land cover for water catchments, while indirectly as a support for the population's water needs such as pipes, canals and water containers; 2) the economic function of bamboo helps to support human needs, increase income and open up new economic opportunities such as building construction materials, plaits, concrete bones, ropes, connecting tools, roofs, floors and bridges; 3) The social function of bamboo is to trigger social activities between individuals or community groups, such as the use of bamboo for musical instruments, eye drops, fishing rods, nurseries, rafts and cigarette pipes; and 4) The function of bamboo defense itself is closely related to the history of the Indonesian people, especially as a weapon in the fight against invaders, in addition to the function of bamboo defense itself, namely as a defense field and live and artificial fences.
H. M. Maskam, Marta Putra Dinata, Armin Subhani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 11-21; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.1891

Abstract:
This research is based on the ineffectiveness of textbook based learning. The purpose of this study is to produce effective learning media based on validity. Learning media developed based on AutoPlay Media Studio 8.5. This learning media is applied to social studies subjects, especially on symptoms in the atmosphere and hydrosphere learning material. The research location was carried out at Tembeng Putik Islamic Junior Secondary School, East Lombok, NTB. This research design uses research and development. Data were collected using media validation sheets, teacher response instruments and learning achievement tests. The results showed that the validity of the media was declared very valid with a percentage of 91.83%. For practicality based on the teacher's response to the media is very good with a percentage of 93.12%. Whereas student learning outcomes after using the media based on AutoPlay Media Studio 8.5 were stated to be good with a percentage of mastery learning outcomes of 84%. Thus it can be concluded that this media can be used as a supporter of the learning process of social studies subjects in the phenomenon of symptoms in the atmosphere and hydrosphere in Tembeng Putik Islamic Junior Secondary School.
Muhammad Aliman, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Tuti Mutia, Dahri Hi Halek, Rafika Hasanah, Hujairah Hi Muhammad
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 1-10; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.1823

Abstract:
The competency that high school students need to have to study geography is spatial thinking ability. This ability was used as a basis to face global competition during the industrial revolution of 4.0. To understand the spatial thinking ability of high school students requires instruments that can measure in detail the abilities. This study aimed to determine the validity of questions consisted of reliability, discrimination power, level of difficulty and correlation between items of spatial thinking ability test for high school students. This research used a quantitative descriptive method that analysed using ANATES software. Based on the data analysis, the results obtained that the test instruments of spatial thinking ability can be used optimally because the discrimination power of the questions and the level of the question of difficulty worked correctly. However, the ability of instruments to discriminate the level of spatial thinking ability among students did not work maximally. Continuous development is needed to test these instruments so that this was able to measure in detail of spatial thinking skills for high school students.
Robby Rizky, Universitas Mathla’Ul Anwar Fakultas Teknologi Dan Informatika, , Asep Hardiyanto Nugroho, Zaenal Hakim, Universitas Islam Syekh Yusuf Fakultas Teknik
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 85-94; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.2068

Abstract:
Menes is one of the districts in Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province which has many culinary place as tourist destinations. Most of the tourists visiting come from outside the Pandeglang Regency area and even outside Banten Province. To reach culinary place in Menes District, tourists often get lost or pass quite a long distance due to the many routes that can be traversed to the culinary place. Therefore, this study aims to find the nearest route to culinary place in the District of Menes, Pandeglang Regency. The method used in this study is the A * Star method. This method is believed to be very accurate to solve the problem because it has heuristic calculations that are able to count the existing nodes. The data used for this research is data from Google Maps. After the image is obtained, the data will be converted into a grid which then becomes a benchmark calculation. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the use of the A * Star method can be used to find the nearest route to culinary place in the District of Menes Pandeglang Regency, via Serang-Palima-Ciomas-Menes route with a distance of 45,987 km.
Admiral Musa Julius, Jakarta Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi Dan Geofisika, Rian Mahendra Taruna, Shandy Yogaswara Surya Putra, Pande Komang Gede Arta Negara, Bryan Fitzgerald Amos Rumy, AlGhani Yullatifah, Else Nopianti, Nurain Silvana Akuba, Taufan Taufik, et al.
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 22-31; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.1915

Abstract:
The strong and felt earthquake with magnitude 6.5 occurred in 119 km to the southeast of Cilacap Regency, Central Java Province at a depth of 48 km. The earthquake centered on the sea at coordinates 8.48o latitude and 109.17o east longitude on January 25, 2014. The earthquake triggered damage in several locations, including the districts of Banyumas, Kebumen, Cilacap and Purworejo. In order to mitigate natural hazards, this study aims to determine the relationship between seismic wave velocity and depth of layers near the surface in shallow geological structures. The method used in this study is the seismic refraction method. This method is done by interpreting seismic signals from man-made waves that spread near the surface of the earth. The seismogram will display the travel time of the waves, the distance between the waves and the source of the waves themselves. The structure of the geological layers that exist in the earth can be estimated based on the magnitude of the seismic wave velocity. This research is located in the campus area of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences Karangsambung. Measurements were made considering its location close to the center of the earthquake and the uniqueness of the rock formed by the removal of the ocean floor. Based on the results of the study it is known that there is a relationship between seismic wave velocity and the depth of the layers near the surface. The deeper the layer of soil from the earth's surface, the seismic wave velocity will be higher.
Femenia Ditarani, Fakultas Teknik Program Studi Magister Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, Bambang Hari Wibisono
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 55-64; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.1981

Abstract:
Since physical improvement carried out, at night social activity in pedestrian sudirman Palembang has increased. But economic activity during the day decreased. This study aims to show the impact of increasing physical quality on the development of socio-economic activities. The approach used in this research is descriptive qualitative deductive. In the process of analysis there are research variables that originate from the theory of developing social activities and economic activities (income, parking, labor and non-formal traders), which are analyzed qualitatively descriptive. The results showed that social activity develops on beheaded roads with better physical qualities such as lighting at night. While economic activity during the day experienced a decline, especially in the section of the road with the type of trade not supporting social activities such as spare parts and machinery. Factors that influence the use of space after increasing physical quality are accessibility, comfort and identity, attractiveness, land functions and activities, social functions and security.
Ramli Akhmad, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ekonomi Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Enok Maryani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 4, pp 32-43; doi:10.29408/geodika.v4i1.1938

Abstract:
West Nusa Tenggara is a province inhabited by three main ethnic groups namely the Sasak, Samawa, and Mbojo tribes. Several problems triggered inter-ethnic conflict in West Nusa Tenggara, causing losses. This study aims to: 1) find out the root causes of inter-ethnic conflict in West Nusa Tenggara; 2) knowing how to respond to social disasters between ethnic conflicts; 3) formulating the concept of the values of Pancasila as a basis for learning disaster mitigation between ethnic conflicts. This research uses descriptive method with historiographic approach. Data are systematically collected and analyzed, especially those related to inter-ethnic conflict in NTB in the past. The results of the research show: 1) the background of inter-ethnic conflict in NTB is dominated by lack of communication, interests, emotional involvement, and weak self-control so that people are easily provoked; 2) social disasters between ethnic conflicts can be addressed or anticipated by learning in schools, especially using video media, so that it is known how inter-ethnic conflict occurs, what are the losses incurred, conclude and provide positive advice in overcoming ethnic conflict through group discussions; 3) the concept of Pancasila values that can be implemented in learning to minimize conflicts between ethnic groups, among others, believe in the unity of God, the creator of the environment and the universe and their contents, maintaining order, respecting the opinions of others, helping one another when conflicts occur and not damaging the environment and other public facilities.
, Agam Marsoyo
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 58-69; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i2.1755

Abstract:
Lahan sawah di Kabupaten Lombok Tengah terus berkurang dengan laju 0,05% per tahun. Penyusutan tertinggi terdapat di Kecamatan Praya sebagai kecamatan dalam kawasan Perkotaan Praya. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan nilai lahan sawah yang belum terkonversi dan dan telah terkonversi di Kecamatan Praya, Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Melalui teknik analisis data spasial diidentifikasi petak sawah baik yang belum ataupun sudah terkonversi untuk kemudian dijadikan unit analisis. Nilai ekonomi lahan dihitung dengan pendekatan land rent. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 13 bentuk konversi sawah dengan rasio nilai lahan sawah terhadap non sawah sebesar 1 : 32,7 menunjukkan besarnya nilai opportunity cost yang dapat diduga menjadi alasan pemilik lahan tidak mempertahankan lahan sawahnya.
Diana Pramesti Listiaji, , Sri Wisudaryono, ,
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 80-89; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i2.1760

Abstract:
Madrasah Tsanawiyah Muhammadiyah Trucuk merupakan sekolah yang rawan banjir. Oleh sebab itu penelitian ini bertujuan: 1) Mengetahui tingkat pemahaman warga sekolah tentang bencana banjir, 2) Mengetahui tingkat kesadaran warga sekolah terhadap upaya pengurangan risiko bencana banjir dan 3) Mengetahui tingkat kesiapsiagaan warga sekolah dalam upaya pengurangan risiko bencana banjir. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian survei dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Data dikumpulkan dengan observasi, wawancara, dan kuisoner. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan: 1) tingkat pengetahuan warga sekolah mengenai bencana banjir berada pada kategori tinggi (75%), 2) tingkat kesadaran warga sekolah terhadap upaya pengurangan risiko bencana banjir berada pada kategori tinggi (47%) dan 3) tingkat kesiapsiagaan warga sekolah dalam upaya pengurangan risiko bencana banjir juga berada pada kategori tinggi (70%). Dengan demikian, jika dilihat dari tiga indikator tersebut maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa upaya pengurangan risiko bencana banjir di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Trucuk Kabupaten Klaten berada pada kategori tinggi.
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 90-101; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i2.1790

Abstract:
Kerapatan vegetasi merupakan presentase suatu spesies vegetasi atau tumbuhan yang hidup di suatu luasan tertentu. Kerapatan vegetasi salah satunya dapat diketahui dengan menggunakan teknik NDVI. Teknik yang dapat digunakan untuk keperluan menganalisis vegetasi. Informasi data kerapatan vegetasi, luas lahan, dan keadaan dilapangan dapat dideteksi dari penginderaan jauh. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk untuk mengetahui hasil identifikasi kerapatan vegetasi daerah Kabupaten Pangandaran menggunakan metode klasifikasi terbimbing minimum distance dan menguji hasil interpretasinya menggunakan confussion matrix. Salah satu manfaat informasi data kerapatan vegetasi ini ialah dapat memberikan gambaran mengenai ketersediaan ruang terbuka di Kabupaten Pangandaran. Klasifikasi kerapatan vegetasi pada citra Landsat 8 dengan kombinasi RGB 753 menghasilkan warna ungu dengan yang berarti sangat rapat, oranye yang berarti rapat, kuning yang berarti cukup rapat, hijau dengan vegetasi jarang, dan biru yang berarti vegetasi sangat jarang. Total hasil akurasi pada confussion matriks bernilai 64% yang berarti tingkat akurasi peta cukup rendah karena biasanya nilai yang diterima dan diharapkan itu lebih dari 85%.Hal ini dikarenakan oleh keadaan di lapangan yang dinamis karena sebagian besar kerapatan vegetasi di lapangan berkurang akibat pengalihfungsian lahan.
, Mikko Wahyu Masution, , Meliyani Meliyani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 48-57; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i2.1751

Abstract:
Berbagai bencana di Indonesia sebagian besar terkait dengan proses geologi seperti gempabumi, vulkanisme, dan tsunami. Dilihat dari letak dan kondisi fisiknya, Indonesia merupakan negara yang memiliki risiko tinggi terjadinya bencana. Dengan maraknya bencana yang terjadi di Indonesia, maka tidak sedikit korban jiwa yang ditimbulkan, termasuk dari kalangan anak-anak usia sekolah. Oleh sebab itu, diperlukan kesiapan guru dalam menerapkan materi kebencanaan pada proses pembelajaran. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah mengetahui tingkat kesiapan guru dalam menerapkan materi kebencanaan di sekolah dan mengetahui pengaruh tingkat pendidikan serta umur guru dalam menerapkan materi kebencanaan di sekolah. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara dan kuesioner. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa kesiapan guru dalam menerapkan materi kebencanaan di sekolah berada pada kategori tinggi, dibuktikan dengan angka persentase sebesar 72% dari keseluruhan populasi penelitian.
Haerudin Haerudin, Agus Muliadi Putra
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 13-18; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i1.1473

Abstract:
Sebagai salah satu destinasi wisata di Kabupaten Lombok Timur yang saat ini sedang melakukan pengembangan wisata bahari , Pantai Labuhan Haji tidak lepas dari beberapa factor lingkungan yang akan mempengaruhi keberlangsungan pariwisata. Beberapa kondisi lingkungan di sekitar pantai yang berpotensi menjadi ancaman tersebut dibedakan menjadi alamidan antropogenik seperti pembangunan fisik pantai, dermaga, pengerukan pasir, dan rendahnya kesadaran masyarakat dalam menjaga kebersihan pantai. Penelitian ini merupakan salah satu upaya identifikasi parameter fisik dan kimia yang dilakukan pada 10 titik sample dengan metode purposive sampling. Data yang diamati adalah arus, kecerahan, suhu, pH, salinitas, oksigen terlarut, fosfat, nitrat, dan TSS. Data-data tersebut kemudian dibandingkan dengan KepMen LH Nomor 51 Tahun 2004 tentang Baku Mutu Air Laut. Berdasarkan hasil perbandingan, parameter fisika yang tergolong kategori kurang memenuhi baku mutu adalah kecerahan. Hal ini disebabkan karena terdapatnya aliran sungai besar yang membawa partikel tersuspensi yang sangat banyak sehingga mendominasi tingkat visibilitas badan perairan sampai ke pantai. Berdasarkan parameter kimia, jenis parameter yang melampaui ambang batas baku mutuadalah nitrat, posfat, dan TSS. Hal ini disebabkan karena masih banyaknya aktifitas masyarakat yang membuang limbah ke sungai seperti pertanian, peternakan, dan penambangan pasir didaerah hulu. Parameter fisika dan kimia selain yang disebutkan diatas tergolong kategori memenuhi.
Baiq Nirmalasari Nirmalasari, Suroso Suroso
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 41-47; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i1.1478

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Baiq Liana Widiyanti
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 1-12; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i1.1471

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Hasrul Hadi, Sri Agustina, Armin Subhani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 30-40; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i1.1476

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Siti Anisa Ikhwan, Anja Bebiyana Sukma, Uswatun Hasanah Hadi, Muhammad Jaelani, Ramli Akhmad
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 3, pp 19-29; doi:10.29408/geodika.v3i1.1475

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Nurul Maryam, Ramli Akhmad
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 25-40; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i2.1104

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Dwi Rahayu Susanti, Boedi Tjahjono, Yayat Hidayat
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i2.1106

Lalu Amrillah, Suroso Suroso
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 17-24; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i2.1103

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Armin Subhani, Sri Agustina
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 41-52; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i2.1105

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Nurhayati M.Ahad, Suroso Suroso
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 1, pp 7-14; doi:10.29408/geodika.v1i2.853

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Baiq Tahyatul Wafi, Armin Subhani
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 1, pp 34-40; doi:10.29408/geodika.v1i2.858

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Megawati Yuliana, Tuti Mutia
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 1, pp 15-21; doi:10.29408/geodika.v1i2.855

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Hidayatul Adniyah, Agus Muliadi Putra
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 1, pp 1-6; doi:10.29408/geodika.v1i2.849

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Mohammad Syafi'i, Suroso Suroso
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 29-36; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i1.873

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Nining Indayani,
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 22-28; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i1.870

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk Mengetahui Hambatan dan Srategi Pengembangan Kawasan Objek Wisata Gua Batu Cermin Ditinjau Dari Aspek Lingkungan Geografis Di Kecamatan Komodo Kabupaten Manggrai Barat. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif, bertujuan mengumpulkan data berupa kata kata tertulis dari orang orang yang di wawancarai atau orang orang yang diamati pada saat melakukan penelitian. Secara umum Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat/pengunjung, pemerintah pariwisata dan pemandu pariwisata di Gua Batu cermin NTT. Adapun Teknik pengumpulan data yang di gunakan adalah dengan mengunakan teknik pengumpulan data dengan cara wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi secara lansung dengan informasih di lapangan untuk mendapatkan data yang di butuhkan. Data Analisis data dalam penelitian ini mengunakan model analisis interaktif, model analisis interaktif terdiri dari tiga alur kegiatan yang terjadi secara bersamaan, yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan atau verifikasi. Jadi hasil penelitian yang di temukan oleh peneliti selama di lokasi penelitian diantaranya faktor mengahabat perkembangan objek wisata Gua Batu cermin MCK/ kamar mandi masih kurang, tempat dududuk (berugak) dan musollah belum ada, kurangnya perawatan, kualitas dan kuantitasa sumber daya manusia di bidang pariwisata dan kebudayaan masih kurang dan persaingan dengan antraksi wisata lain di luar Kabupaten Manggarai Barat, kurangnya infrastrukutur trasportasi umum masih kurang.
Armin Subhani, Hasrul Hadi, Sri Agustina
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 1-8; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i1.865

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Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 9-21; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i1.867

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak aktivitas pengelolaan Hutan Kemasyarakatan (HKm) di Desa Sapit Kecamatan Suela Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Penelitian difokuskan pada aktivitas pengelolaan HKm oleh kelompok tani hutan “Dongo Baru”. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Dari hasil analisis data diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa pengelolaan Hutan Kemasyarakatan di Desa Sapit Kecamatan Suela Kabupaten Lombok Timur berdampak pada peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat, berkurangnya potensi kerusakan hutan, dan meningkatkan kelestarian hutan.
Ria Apriyanti,
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 37-45; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i1.874

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak dari industri bata merah terhadap kondisi lahan di Desa Kesik Kecamatan Masbagik Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Populasi yang di gunakan dalam penelitian ini seluruh masyarakat Kelurahan Kesik yang pekerjaan pokoknya sebagai pengrajin atau pembuat bata merah sebanyak 78 orang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian diskriptif kualitatif. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei dengan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat bantu dalam pengumpulan data primer. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara terstruktur, observasi,dan dokumentasi. Jumlah responden yang dijadikan sampel berjumlah 40 orang dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan 35 orang (87,50%) responden menjawab dampak dari industri terhadap kondisi lahan menyebabkan tanah menjadi kurang subur, 2 orang( 5%) responden menjawab tidak subur dan 3 orang (7,50%) responden menjawab tidak mengetahui kondisi kesuburan tanah tersebut.
Muhammad Salim, Sri Agustina
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 2, pp 46-53; doi:10.29408/geodika.v2i1.875

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Nurhayati Nurhayati, Susmala Dewi
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 1, pp 41-48; doi:10.29408/geodika.v1i2.859

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Riecha Shofa, Hasrul Hadi
Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu dan Pendidikan Geografi, Volume 1, pp 22-33; doi:10.29408/geodika.v1i2.857

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