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Results in Journal International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science: 27

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Pardasani Sapna A, Parekh Sahaj R, Jasuma Rai, Patel Akshit P, Nanavati Vishwa K
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 20-28;

Background: The dental caries and gingivitis are considered as one of the most prevalent diseases in the general population. If dental caries and gingivitis are assessed at an early age, it might prevent the risk of endodontic and periodontal diseases in the future. This intervention is effective, especially among teenagers. The aim of the study was to perceive the prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis in children aged 12 to 14 years residing in a rural area of Vadodara city. Methods: It is a cross-sectional observational study with a total sample size of 339 in a secondary school of Vadodara district. DMFT index and CPITN index were recorded with No. 23 explorer and CPITN-E probes respectively, and a mouth mirror (Instruments were autoclaved prior to use). One-way Anova test and student t-test were used for analysis. Results: The prevalence of dental caries amongst participants was found to be 97.7% and that of gingivitis was found to be 75% (approximately). Conclusion: Children belonging to the Vadodara district have a high risk of getting an endodontic and periodontal infection in the future, indicating the need for oral health education and promotion.
Deepak Sharma, Shalini Chandel, Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj, Arun Singh Thakur, Pravesh Jhingta, Nishant Negi
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 55-63;

Advances in technology have transformed the dentistry to optimize patient care and satisfaction. This has made dental care more efficient, comfortable, and accessible. Dentists continue to utilise high-quality treatment approaches which are more accurate, faster, and precise than traditional methods. Leading-edge equipment and technological researches will give oral health care providers more confidence and predictability, resulting in improved healthcare for their patients.
Mayank Trivedi, Jay Mehta
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 13-19;

Obturators are custom made plastic material that is made to fit the precise contour of the hard and the soft palate that extends onwards to seal off the mouth from the nasal cavity. Fabricated by an orthodontist or a prosthodontist, it requires frequent replacements as the baby grows and preferably given at 2-3 days after birth. Breastfeeding in a cleft baby is difficult although there are a few compromised techniques that are employed such as breastfeeding positions, compression technique, supplementer usage, and nipple shield alone or in combination. Once the obturator is delivered the child stops regurgitation or vomiting as the lining of the nasal cavity is protected. Breastfeeding is very essential as it also facilitates the proper development of jawbones and facial muscles and in order to do that feeding of a child since day one of birth is a very important pre-requisite that can be achieved by delivering an efficient palatal obturator.
Tarun Vyas
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 9-12;

Although oral medicine and radiology are speciality in many parts of the world it however 33 countries and 22 have post-graduate in oral medicine and radiology as speciality. Oral medicine is the speciality concerned with ‘dental’ and medical-related disorders of the oral and the facial region, including orofacial manifestations of systemic diseases. The latter include gastrointestinal, dermatological, rheumatological and haematological diseases, autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders, and the manifestations of neurological or psychiatric disease. This review discusses the formation and growth of this oral medicine and radiology in India.
Preeti Mishra, Shalya Raj, Rohit Ravinder, Akanksha Jain
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 6-8;

Solving esthetic problems in the anterior teeth is a challenge for the restorative dentist. For many years, full coverage restorations were the most highly preferred treatment for esthetic defects. However, such restorations are invasive and cause great loss of tooth structure. Enhancing and maintaining the life-like quality of the tooth is the story behind the beautiful smile. This article addresses the successful management of esthetic rehabilitation of anterior dentition using an all-ceramic crown and veneer.
Touil Dorsaf, Hassouna Mariam El Ons, Abdel Mouleh Yosri, Oualha Lamia
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 45-54;

Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaw is a severe, complex, and multifactorial complication of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancers. Most cases of ORN develop during the first 3 years with a peak between 6 months and 2 years after completion of RT however the patient is considered at risk of developing this condition many years later. The management of ORN is usually based on conventional medical care by focusing on comorbidity factors, However, in some refractory ORN cases, the condition requires extensive surgical resection. Based on the “the radiation-induced fibro-atrophic theory” introduced by Delanian, a new conservative approach of ORN seems to be promising by combining antioxidant agents: pentoxifylline and Tocopherol (PtxE) in the treatment of severe cases of ORN. The aim of this paper was to report the case of a severe case of ORN of the mandible stabilized by a conservative approach combining antibiotics, antiseptic agent as well as antioxidant therapy (PtxE), and to discuss the efficacy of this approach.
Harvinder Singh Gill, Archana Nagpal, Sharad Vaidya, Vidushi Jindal
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 29-44;

With the increased popularity of dental implant therapy for the replacement of missing teeth, a need arose for a method to provide patients with bony support for these implants in cases where alveolar ridges volume were insufficient for implant placement. The posterior region of the maxillary alveolar ridge is an ideal example with severe atrophy of ridge due to faster resorption and pneumatisation of the maxillary sinus. This often required sinus floor elevation and grafting. The techniques of sinus floor elevation started early in the 1970s as direct sinus lift to indirect sinus lift with osteotomes in the 1990s and recently computer-guided templates being used for this purpose. This article enumerates various techniques available for sinus floor elevation and their complications and management.
Nayira Johar, M. K. Sunil, Upender Malik, Surangama Lehri, Nida Shreen
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 1-5;

Child abuse or neglect comprises all forms of physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, bullying, and cyberbullying, exploitation, child labour, trafficking, and other digital forms of exploitation which is potentially harmful to child development and health. In case of abuse injuries in the orofacial region can be easily diagnosed by the dentists. Therefore, its dentist’s duty to suspect, recognize, and later report the case. Including dental treatment behavior psychological management is necessary to achieve the urgent adoption of protective measures for the victim as well as adequate follow up to avoid the abuse in the future.
Abhimanyu Rohmetra, Niharika Gupta, Sakshi Mahajan, Saksham Narainia, Ishita Gupta
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 8-15;

Introduction: Aim of the present was to determine and compare the efficiency of different pre-adjusted edgewise brackets with different Inter-bracket span in mandibular incisor decrowding and to determine and compare the amount of incisor proclination during decrowding if any. Material and Method: 20 patients were selected and divided into two groups, group I with Double width brackets (3M Unitek Gemini Series) 0.018” slot with Roth prescription and group II with Mini Uni-Twin Bracket. (3M Unitek) 0.018” slot with Roth prescription. Pretreatment records were taken included lateral cephalogram, study models, and photographs. Little’s irregularity index was calculated for both groups also IMPA was calculated for both at regular intervals and finally compared with post-treatment records. Result: Little’ irregularity index in group II was having a slightly higher ratio. Both Group I and Group II cases demonstrated an increase in the proclination of the lower anterior during decrowding. Conclusion: The Mini Uni Twin brackets were found to align the lower anterior faster. Mini Uni Twin brackets are comparatively efficient in the lower anterior decrowding.
Pallavi Madhusudhan,
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 23-29;

Prevention is better than cure for many human diseases which have global impact includes diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurological diseases, and in late December of 2019, the COVID-19 triggered a rapid outbreak is also under consideration. For the early detection and diagnosis saliva serves as a potential biomarker to reduce disease severity and to prevent complications, since there is a lack of success in the development of better therapy. Saliva is a biochemical fluid mixture that offers an advantage over serum and other biological fluids by an economic and non-invasive collection method for mass screening of disease and its increased progression. Saliva and its component involved in maintaining mucosal integrity and aids in digestion through salivary enzymes. Saliva has many oral health benefits including buffering, lubrication, and re-mineralization. The salivary diagnostics into clinical practice is gaining reality and is equivalent to serum analysis. The investigative use of saliva is already applied in dental health and now it is used to monitor and analyses in various other systemic disorders and diseases. This article emphasizes the multifunctional role of saliva in contributing as a biomarker and its tremendous role as a sensitive diagnostic tool for oral, systemic, and infectious diseases. Its diagnostic roles are expecting to contribute to future pandemic control as well.
Sumedha Srivastava, Veena Kalburgi, Kapil Jain, Shreya Modi, Anushri Gupta, Rachalwar Shweta Rajendra
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 16-22;

The healing of hard and soft tissue is mediated by a wide range of intracellular and extracellular events that are regulated by signaling proteins. Platelets can play a crucial role in periodontal regeneration as they are the reservoirs of growth factors and cytokines which are the key factors for regeneration of bone and maturation of soft tissue. PRF is a natural fibrin-based biomaterial prepared from an anticoagulant-free blood harvest without any artificial biochemical modification that allows obtaining fibrin membranes enriched with platelets and growth factors. The main aim of this review article is to briefly describe the novel platelet concentrate PRF and its potential role in advanced surgical dentistry.
Akshay Kumar, Abhigyan Manas, Deepak Singh, Shishir Dhar, Amit Kumar Verma, Pramod Kumar Yadav
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 3-7;

Tripod fractures constitute of zygomatic bone and its four articulations viz; frontal bone, maxillary bone, sphenoid bone and temporal bone. Whenever a Tripod fracture happens,one or more of these articulations are interrupted. Personal altercations, Assaults, Road traffic accidents are the common causes leading to fracture of the zygomatic bone.The zygomatico-maxillary complex is one of the principle buttress of the face and helps in transmitting the occlusal forces to the skull base. Anatomic disfigurement caused by zygomatic fracture warrants intervention tore establish facial symmetry. It is most predictably restored to pre morbid condition by ORIF and AO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen) miniplate osteosynthesis has proven to be an invaluable aid when used in severe cranio-maxillo-facial trauma.
Shikha Mali, Shilpy Singla, Shilpi Tiwari, Nikita Agarwal, Sumedha Srivastava, Pramod Yadav
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 30-35;

Probiotics, live cells with different beneficiary characteristics, have been extensively Studied and explored commercially in many different products in the world. Their benefits to human and animal health have been proven in hundreds of scientific research. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are the main probiotic groups; however, there are reports on the probiotic potential of Pediococcus, Lactococcus, Bacillus, and yeasts. Some of the identified probiotic strains exhibit powerful anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, and other important properties.
Zahra Shiri, Zeinab Zarinzade, Mohammad Khalilikia, Ahmad Aslani, Hadi Kianirad, Yones Adish
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science pp 27-34;

Mostafa Madmoli, Mohammad Madmoli, Mohaddeseh Izadi, Mahboobeh Khodadadi, Fahimeh Papi Ahmadi
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science pp 21-26;

Tarun Vyas, Pradeep Vishnoi, Harshul Joshi
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 18-22;

Eagle’s syndrome is not a usual condition, but less known to physicians, there is symptomatic elongation of the styloid process. Its symptoms are Elongated styloid process syndrome, Dull nagging pain localized in the throat, Pain on extension of tongue, on cervical rotation, radiating to the ear and mastoid region, Foreign body sensation in the throat, etc. We present a case of 45-year male pain in the right sub auricular region for 6 months. The pain was intermittent in nature and aggravated during jaw movements like opening, closing, and mastication. His clinical signs resembled the presentation of Eagle's Syndrome, which were radiologically confirmed by Orthopantomogram and Computed Tomography. Patient undegoes surgical excision.
, Ningthoukhongjam Rati Devi, N. Sukumar Singh
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 14-17;

Background: Accurate determination of the working length of root canals is an important factor for the success of endodontic therapy. Aim: Two different apex locators namely Propex Pixi (Dentsply) and Canal Pro (Coltene) are used to determine the working length of root canals and their results are compared to determine their accuracy. Material and Methods: Twenty extracted permanent single-rooted teeth are used for the study. To determine the working length of root canals of each tooth, two different types of electronic apex locators, Propex Pixi (Dentsply) and CanalPro (Coltene) are used and their results are compared. Result: There was a significant difference in accuracy between the two apex locators in determining the working length of root canals (p-value <0.05). Canal Pro was more accurate than Propex Pixi.
, , , U. Vivekanandan
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 5-13;

Treatment procedures in dentistry involve a lot of pharmacotherapeutical agents and aids along with medications. Certain pharmacotherapeutical products are designed and manufactured exclusively for its use in dentistry. These dental therapeutic agents and aids are left unspoken and needs attention as their use in dentistry is high. Both the dentist and the pharmacist should be aware of these products and should update themselves on the newer products available in the market. This article emphasizes on such exclusive products which are used in dentistry.
Anas Al-Yasiry,
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 23-26;

Aim: Review the most important management of thyroid gland dysfunction. The thyroid is the most important gland is a bilobular structure located on both sides of the trachea. Thyroid functions disturbance most the second common of the endocrine system disorder, it's increased among women it about 5% of the population women have thyroid dysfunction, and about 6% can clinically be detected of the thyroid nodules by palpation. Conclusion: The dentist determined thyroid dysfunction and avoid dental complications result in a dental clinic by taking information also take care about cardiovascular statuses due to some patients suffer atrial fibrillation with anticoagulation therapy, that made need antibiotic prophylaxis before treated. The hypothyroidism Patients sensitive to barbiturates and central nervous system depressants so the drug used for medications very little. The dentist must be given fluoride as a drug as a treatment for hyperthyroidism patients due to the fluoride act to reduce thyroid activity by its ability to mimic the action of thyrotropin (TSH). fluoride linked to thyroid problems. A patient must avoid the effect of fluoride on their thyroid can utilize from fluoride-free Toothpaste like Carifree, an oral neutralizer gel.
Preeti Gupta, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Karnika Yadav, , Prateek Jain, Ravinder Singh
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 2, pp 1-4;

Oral health status of an individual is determined by multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Dental health care seeking behaviour is an intrinsic factor that can influence the oral health status of an individual. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among young adult workers involved in building construction of Noida, India. A total of 340 subjects between 18-50 years of age were selected for the study. It contains the demographic profile, which includes age, gender, qualification, employment, residence, and oral adverse habits. Chi-square test and Fisher Exact test were used. When compared with literacy level and adverse oral habits results were significant as compare to residence address.
Tarun Vyas, Pradeep Vishnoi, Kirti Choudhary
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 1, pp 1-13;

Salivary diagnosis is an increasingly important field in dentistry, physiology, internal medicine, endocrinology, pediatrics, immunology, clinical pathology, forensic medicine, psychology, and sports medicine. A growing number of drugs, hormones, and antibodies can be reliably monitored in saliva, which is an easily obtainable, non-invasive diagnostic medium It has become apparent that many systemic diseases affect salivary gland function and salivary composition. Studies of the effects of systemic diseases on salivary variables have been valuable in understanding the pathogenesis of the diseases, but their use as diagnostic markers has been limited. This article aims to review the point in the literature role of salivary biomarkers in systemic diseases.
, Yogesh T. L, Anjani K Jha, Nonitha. S
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 1, pp 6-10;

Background: A dentigerous cyst or follicular cyst is one of the forms of odontogenic cysts. It encloses the crown of an un-erupted tooth by the expansion of its follicle within the follicular space. It is normally painlessly discovered during the routine radiographic examination. Importance of keratinization in odontogenic cysts is still a mystery as it is a very rare entity. This article reports a case of keratinizing dentigerous cyst associated with a mandible.Case Presentation: A 50-year-old male patient with a chief complaint of swelling and pain in the right side of the lower jaw for 4 months. The lesion was provisionally diagnosed as OKC or dentigerous cyst after a clinical and radiographic examination. Treatment consisted of surgical excision and the excised specimen was sent for histopathological examination which confirmed the findings of a keratinizing dentigerous cyst.Conclusions: Only a few cases of keratinizing dentigerous cyst has been reported in the literature so far to the best of our knowledge. Early recognition and intervention play a key role in its management due to its malignant transformation and potential for recurrence.
, Parnika Kuthiala, Pradeep Vishnoi
International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science, Volume 1, pp 13-18;

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