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Results in Journal Indonesia Accounting Journal: 42

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Vebby Kareth, David Paul Elia Saerang,
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 3, pp 1-13; doi:10.32400/iaj.32158

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze village financial management in the special autonomy region, analyze the constraints that hinder village financial management, and analyze efforts to resolve obstacles in village financial management. This study is conducted on the apparatus of Kampung Srer. This study uses a qualitative method with a case study approach and obtains the data through in-depth interviews, documentation, and observation. The results show that the village financial management in the Kampung Srer is partly in accordance with Minister of Home Affairs Regulation (or Permendagri) Number 20 of 2018 concerning the village financial management. The obstacles that hinder the management of village finances in Kampung Srer are political constraints, human resource constraints, and communication problems. Efforts made to resolve existing constraints in the management of village finances in Kampung Srer are that the village officials who are selected have the ability that is in accordance with the field of work. There is socialization from the district and district levels related to village financial management activities in the form of increasing the capacity of village officials. There needs to be good coordination for every element in the village community, among village officials, and assistants.
, Muhamad Yamin Noch, Herman Surijadi, Muhammad Amin, Eduard Yohannis Tamaela
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 3, pp 14-26; doi:10.32400/iaj.31289

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the effect of auditor competence and independence on audit quality as moderated by auditor ethics and professional commitment. The population of this study is the BPKP Auditor Representative of Papua Province with census sampling as the sampling method. Data collection was carried out by direct survey. Hypothesis testing was tested empirically using Moderated Regression Analysis. The results of the study have proven that the competence and independence of auditors has a positive and significant effect on audit quality at BPKP Representatives of Papua Province. It is evidenced by the regression coefficient, which shows that the increase follows competence or independence of auditors increases, as well as the increase of audit quality. The results of this study also show that the interaction or influence of auditor ethics does not moderate the effect of auditor competence on audit quality at BPKP Representatives of Papua Province. Moreover, the interaction of professional commitment does not moderate the effect of auditor independence on audit quality. It is believed that the factor caused the phenomena is that the auditors of BPKP Representative of Papua Province have good values or fundamental principles of ethics as well as professional commitment. The values that have been held so far are relatively relevant or have a lot in common with the auditors’ ethics and professional commitment.
, Jantje J. Tinangon, Steven J. Tangkuman
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 110-117; doi:10.32400/iaj.27981

Abstract:
Employees with a good understanding of the functions, duties and having sufficient competence will foster a high commitment to the agency in this case the task of implementing SAKIP. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of competence apparatus and organizational commitment to the implementation of performance accountability system of government agencies at the representative office BPKP North Sulawesi. The used sample are 40 respondents. The sample technique is sampling purposive. This research used multiple regression analysis method with SPSS 22 for windows. The results of research shows that Competency Apparatus influences the implementaion of Performnce Accountability System of Goverment Instituion whereas Commitment Organizasion is not in compliance with the Implementaion of Performnce Accountability Sistem of Goverment Instituion. And the result the two independent varibles influences simutneousy to the dependen variable.
, Lintje Kalangi, Sherly Pinatik
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 66-73; doi:10.32400/iaj.27712

Abstract:
Taxes are a source of state revenue that is very important because it has a great influence on national development. To achieve the optimal tax revenue, countries need to implement various efforts through tax collection. This research aimed to determine the effect of ownership obligations taxpayer identification number, tax audit and tax collection in an effort to increase tax revenue. The Object of this research were tax officer at Kotamobagu Tax Office. The sampling method was used nonprobability sampling through purposive sampling technique with sample total are 30 person. The data analysis method was used multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the obligation of ownership Taxpayer Identification Number, tax audit and tax collection in partially did not effect in efforts to increase tax revenues, it can be seen from significant value of each variable is greater than 0,05.
Enggar Wahyuning Pahlawan, Anita Wijayanti, Suhendro Suhendro
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 162-172; doi:10.32400/iaj.29261

Abstract:
Accountability of village funds management is the responsibility of the village officers. Village officers should have good competency. Its can help village officer to manage village funds. Another thing in managing village funds besides of good internal controlling system is the use of information technology and public participation. This study aims to know the effect of competency of village officers, internal controlling system, use of information technology, and public participation on the accountability of village fund management. This study uses a quantitative approach for hypothesis testing. The instrument of this study is in the form of questionnaires and filled by respondents. The population in this study is all village officers in Sub-District of Grogol at Regency of Sukoharjo. The sampling technique of this study is purposive sampling with 40 respondents as the sample and analyzed by multiple linear regression. This study finds that the competency of village officers and public participation are significant on accountability of village funds management. Also, this study finds that internal controlling system and use of information technology are insignificant on accountability of village funds management.
, Fadli Dahlan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 187-195; doi:10.32400/iaj.31055

Abstract:
This study uses qualitative approach with purpose to determine: (1) the performance of BUMDes in budget management; and (2) the performance of the "Karivela" BUMDes in managing village potential in Akidotilou Village of Oba Tengah District in Tidore Kepulauan City of North Maluku Province. Data collection techniques through observation, interviews, documentation, and literature study. Data analysis procedures include data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results show that budget management by BUMDes "Karivela" which should be accountable for budget management to the Village Government of Akedotilou Oba Tengah Subdistrict Tidore Islands City has not been carried out by BUMDes "Karivela" officials. So that every BUMDes "Karivela" budget is known to lack transparency, both in management and accountability. Meanwhile, in the management of village potential in the Village managed by BUMDes "Karivela" there is still no improvement in the existing business units. this is because the management of the BUMDes "Karivela" does not have the ability to manage the village potential in Akedotilou village and the lack of human resources who manage the village potential.
, Inggriani Elim, Meily Kalalo
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 74-86; doi:10.32400/iaj.27703

Abstract:
Dana desa adalah dana yang bersumber dari Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara yang diperuntukan bagi desa yang ditransfer melalui Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota dan digunakan untuk membiayai penyelenggaraan pemerintahan, pelaksanaan pembangunan, pembinaan kemasyarakatan, dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Menurut Permendagri No. 113 Tahun 2014 menjelaskan bahwa pengelolaan keuangan desa adalah keseluruhan kegiatan yang meliputi Perencanaan, Pelaksanaan, Penatausahaan, Pelaporan dan Pertanggungjawaban. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana pengelolaan dana desa di Kecamatan Tatapaan di Desa Sulu, Desa Paslaten, Desa Paslaten Satu, Desa Popareng, Desa Pungkol, Desa Sondaken, Desa Arakan dan Desa Rap-Rap apakah sesuai dengan Permendagri No. 113 Tahun 2014 atau tidak. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa tahap Perencanaan, Pelaksanaan, dan Penatausahaan sudah sesuai dengan Permendagri No. 113 Tahun 2014 namun untuk Pelaporan dan Pertanggungjawaban terjadi hambatan sehingga tidak sesuai dengan Permendagri No. 113 Tahun 2014.
, Ventje Ilat, Jenny Morasa
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 103-109; doi:10.32400/iaj.27798

Abstract:
This research was conducted with purpose to compare the determination of hotel room rates by determining the cost of production issued by the company, in determining existing hotel room rates. The hotel company, named the Hotel Sapadia Kotamobagu. In this study the determination of hotel room rates will use the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method as a comparison with the room rates determination method used by the Sapadia hotel company. ABC Method Improves the accuracy of calculating goods cost by determining how much the overhead cost remain different in comparison to change other than based on production volume. The cost driver is one of the ABC elements which explain the overhead cost.
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 118-132; doi:10.32400/iaj.27990

Abstract:
Social and environmental accounting has attracted growing attention from companies in Indonesia as these companies face an increasing pressure to report their social and environmental responsibilities to the public. Despite this trend, however, Indonesia lacks a social and environmental reporting model that is relevant to its business environment, i.e., a model that incorporates the spiritual dimension, and not merely the economics, social, and environmental dimensions. The main aim of this study was to explore the spiritual dimension of the social and environmental reporting practices of a tourism company in Bali. The exploration was based on Tri Hita Karana, a local societal value held by the people of Bali. This study employed a two-phase research approach, where the first phase focused on exploring the social and environmental reporting practices of the company, while the second phase centered on refining and assessing the applicability of this reporting model in other companies. The results of this study show that the appropriate model of social and environmental accounting for Indonesian companies should consist of four dimensions: economic, environmental, social, and spiritual. Among these dimensions, the implementation of the spiritual dimension in social and environmental accounting faces the greatest challenges.
, Inggriani Elim, Meily Y.B. Kalalo
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 92-96; doi:10.32400/iaj.27785

Abstract:
Regional original income is the original source of regional revenue extracted in the region which is used for the basic capital of the regional government in financing development and regional efforts to minimize the dependency of funds from the central government. Regional governments are expected to be more able to explore financial resources to the maximum, but of course in the corridor of the applicable legislation in particular to meet the needs of government funding and development in the region through Regional Original Revenue. One of them is levies from the port levies or by the name of the port service levies levied as fees for payment, anchoring services / mooring services, aviation services and scouting, dock services. This study aims to determine and analyze the increase in sea port levies to the Regional Original Revenue (PAD) Sorong City. The analytical method used in this thesis research is a descriptive method that aims at each data collected collected analyzed and drawn a conclusion and the type of research used is descriptive qualitative. Based on the results of the port levy analysis, it can be seen that during the 2011-2015 observation year, the realization of port charges on the PAD had increased quite well.
Ardiani Ika Sulistyawati, Nurul Hidayah, Aprih Santoso
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 133-147; doi:10.32400/iaj.28894

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to test the influence of inflation rates, interest rates, liquidity rates proxied by the finance to deposit ratio, and profit sharing rates to the amount of mudharabah deposit. This study conducts the regression analysis and uses time series data which retrieved from the quarterly financial statements of BRI Syariah and BCA Syariah in Indonesia over period of 2014 to 2018 as the sample. The study proves that: (a) the inflation rates is insignificant to influence the amount of deposit mudharabah; (b) the interest rates is insignificant to influence the amount of deposit mudharabah of BRI Syariah and BCA Syariah because when the interest of conventional bank increase then the amount of deposit mudharabah do not experience dramatic changes because the customers still invest their fund at BRI Syariah and BCA Syariah; (c) finance to deposit ratio is significant to influence the amount of mudharabah deposit; (d) the rates of share profit is insignificant to influence the amount of mudharabah deposit; and (e) size is insignificant to influence the amount of mudharabah deposit.
, Jenny Morasa, Sintje Rondonuwu
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 97-102; doi:10.32400/iaj.27796

Abstract:
Total quality management is a philosophy that requires changes in behavior at all levels of the organization with attention on the importance of consumer satisfaction. Or in other words, the improvement of which is carried out continuously by every person in the organization to understand, meet and even exceed customer expectation. This study aims to determine how the implementation of total quality management to defects product in the PT. Sinar Pure Foods International in Bitung. Type of research used in this thesis research is descriptive research type. The type of data used in this research is qualitative data. The results of the study found that quality is an important factor in a company especially in the production. Total quality management has been applied effectively on PT. Sinar Pure Foods International in Bitung.
Dennis Piere Maramis, Ventje Ilat, Lidia Mawikere
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 87-91; doi:10.32400/iaj.27775

Abstract:
The tax is a compulsory contribution of citizens to the government and is imposed on the public based on the provisions of applicable law. Consideration of the cost of goods sold for a product and how to calculate restaurant taxes is one of the crucial things in a restaurant business, in an era where UMKM have been increasingly prioritized by the government to build a stronger national economy, pricing and tax calculation for a product is very important by the business of the people or companies. One type of tax whose potential is growing along with the increase in the leisure or tourism business is restaurant tax. This study aims to determine the application of restaurant taxes on the main cost of selling at geprek jo restaurant. The analytical method used in this thesis research is a qualitative descriptive method. Geprek Jo restaurant is a restaurant with a mainstay menu of Chicken and Tuna in Geprek with special chili seasonings Geprek Jo restaurant which was established in September 2018. Calculation of cost of goods sold consists of raw material costs, direct labor costs and costs restaurant overhead, and calculate initial inventory, ending inventory, purchases and production in progress. The results of the calculation of cost of goods sold which require inventory elements get a smaller figure than the selling price of the product after classification. Then there are still benefits for the company. The results obtained that the cost of goods sold at Jo Geprek Restaurant is influenced by restaurant taxes.
Galuh Artika Febriyanti
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 204-214; doi:10.32400/iaj.30579

Abstract:
The purpose of this research to examine the impact of the Covid-19 on stock prices and trading volume activity on listed firms of Index LQ-45 on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The first case of the Covid-19 in Indonesia was announced on March 2nd, 2020. This research is to find out whether there are average abnormal returns and transaction volume of the stock company listed in Index LQ-45 before and after of event the first case of the Covid-19 in Indonesia was announced on March 2nd, 2020. These data have been taken for 30 days before and 30 days after the first announcement of Covid-19 in Indonesia. The result of the paired sample test shows that there is a significant difference in the abnormal return of stock company listed in index LQ-45 between before and after the first announcement of the Covid-19 case in Indonesia. This is indicated by the significance value of 0,008 < 0,05 which the stock prices decreased after the first announcement of the Covid-19 case in Indonesia. The volume transaction also shows different significance. The transaction volume after the announcement of shares shows an increasing value.
Een Samawati Miharja, Lilik Handajani, Lalu M. Furkan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 148-161; doi:10.32400/iaj.28818

Abstract:
This study aims to provide empirically the effect of the human resources quality, utilization of information technology, accounting internal control, and financial control on reliability and timeliness of financial reporting on Local Government of West Sumbawa. The sample of this study is 78 respondents that work as civil servants at finance departments of 39 units at Local Government of West Sumbawa which taken by purposive sampling. This study shows that human resources quality, internal control of accounting, and financial control have positive and significant effect on reliability of financial reporting. This study also reports that human resources quality, utilization of information technology, accounting internal control, and financial control do not have effect on timeliness of financial reporting. On those findings, this study implies that the agency theory is consistent with the efforts of Local Government of West Sumbawa in term to present reliable financial information. Otherwise, this study implies that the compliance theory is not applicable to Local Government of West Sumbawa as human resources quality, utilization of information technology, accounting internal control, and financial control are not the explanations on timeliness on their financial reporting.
Fadli Dahlan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 196-203; doi:10.32400/iaj.31212

Abstract:
An implementation of local government performance accountability is an accountability that begins from the planning, preparation, and implementation of the government's duties and functions in realizing the vision, mission, and objectives that have been set so that they can be accounted for to the public. This study aims to analyze and understand the influence of organizational commitment and organizational culture on the performance of Regional Instrument Work Unit of Local Government (or called OPD) of the City of Tidore Islands. This study will explain the relationship between several variables through hypothesis testing or explanatory research. The population for this study is 32 OPD which gives 160 respondents as the sample after applies the probability sampling. The result of multiple linear regressions shows that the organizational commitment has positive and significant effect on the OPD’s performance which means that with organizational commitment then the employees of OPD are able to give positive contributions to the OPD’s performance. This study also finds that the organizational culture has positive and significant effect on the OPD’s performance which means that the organizational culture has the ability to improve the OPD’s performance.
Fitriyah Fitriyah
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 173-186; doi:10.32400/iaj.30569

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the effect of corporate governance, firm size, and leverage on corporate social responsibility on Indonesian listed manufacturing company during period 2014 to 2017. The independent variables of this study are corporate governance, firm size and leverage, while the dependent variable is corporate social responsibility. This study uses panel data to analyze the regression model with assistance of EViews 8. The results of this study indicate that: (1) Board of Commisioners insignificantly effect on corporate social responsibility; (2) the Board of Commissioners independent significant effect on corporate social responsibility; (3) the Audit Committe insignificantly effect on corporate social responsibility; (4) firm size insignificantly effect on corporate social responsibility; and (5) leverage significant effect on corporate social responsibility.
, Jantje J Tinangon, Jessy D. L Warongan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 44-51; doi:10.32400/iaj.27605

Abstract:
Government Accounting Standards is an accounting standard established to increase transparency in the management of state finances so that the use of state finance becomes more targeted and avoids various kinds of government financial misuse. The benefits of applying accrual-based Government Accounting Standards certainly make it easier for the government to evaluate financial reports on government performance, especially on human resources. The purpose of this study was to determine for expenditure at the Manado City Health Office in accordance with the application of accrual-bassed Government Accounting Standards. The results of the study on the Manado City in Public Health Agency have carried out the implementation of Government Accounting Standards for expenditure (cost realization), and accrual-based regulations have been implemented in accordance with the regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 64 of 2013.
, Hendrik Manossoh, Jessy D.L. Warongan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 23-29; doi:10.32400/iaj.27289

Abstract:
Capital expenditure is a government activity that is to add fixed assets with a useful life of more than one fiscal year. Presidential Regulation Number 16 Year 2018 serves as a guideline for each agency as implementing capital expenditure activities. This study aims to evaluate whether the implementation of capital expenditure at the North Sulawesi Provincial Industry and Trade Office is in accordance with regulations. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis method. The results showed that the implementation of capital expenditure at the North Sulawesi Provincial Industry and Trade Office was in accordance with Presidential Regulation No. 16 of 2018 as a standard for implementing capital expenditure and was well planned.
Keren Kezia Rejoice Adlin Mamangkey, Hendrik Manossoh, Heince Rudy Nicky Wokas
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2; doi:10.32400/iaj.27174

Abstract:
This study aims to determine how the development of regional financial capability in the North Sulawesi provincial government from its level of independence, level of dependency, decentralization ratio, and financial growth. The main characteristic of the region's ability to organize its government is the ability in its finances to finance the administration of the regional government. This type of research is qualitative research. Descriptive method is an analytical method used in this thesis research, that is every data - data obtained, analyzed based on theories relevant to the problem to be discussed to obtain the results of the analysis which is then concluded and provides advice. The results of descriptive analysis of the North Cellebes Province LRA APBD data show that from 2014 to 2018, the Regional Original Revenue development is still lacking, has not experienced a significant increase because Transfer Funds still dominate the Regional Revenue of North Cellebes Province. The conclusion is that there has been an improvement even though it is lacking, but based on the calculation of the financial ratios the Financial Ability is still in the near-able valuation.
, Sifrid Sonny Pangemanan, Treesje Runtu
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 30-36; doi:10.32400/iaj.27488

Abstract:
Differential accounting information is one of the information needed by the management of a company in planning and decision making, especially accept or reject for special orders, which will help management in this case UMKM Gilingan Padi Mekar Sari which often get special orders. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of differential accounting information in the decision to accept or reject special orders to produce superwin rice and ciherang rice types at UMKM Gilingan Padi Mekar Sari. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results of this study can be seen based on the comparative calculation of regular production and special order production using the differential accounting information of the UMKM Gilingan Padi Mekar Sari in receiving special orders for both products namely superwin rice and ciherang rice will get an additional total differential profit of Rp 43.441.500. Therefore, the use of differential accounting information is needed in the decision to accept or reject special orders.
, Herman Karamoy, Sonny Pangerapan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 52-57; doi:10.32400/iaj.27713

Abstract:
Measuring quality qualitatively gave rise to the term quality cost. Quality costs at PT. Putra Karangetang turned out to have a considerable influence on the profitability of the Company, where by allocating greater costs to control and valuation would reduce the costs of internal failure and the cost of external failure so that the impact on profit was increasing. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of quality costs in increasing profitability at PT. Putra Karangetang. The method used is descriptive qualitative method and using Return On Investment (ROI) as a measure of company profitability. ROI value is influenced by the company's net profit compared to the company's total assets, and the results of research prove that quality costs incurred to produce quality products, and the contribution of quality costs greatly affect the increase in profitability of the company.
, Jullie J. Sondakh
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 1-9; doi:10.32400/iaj.27077

Abstract:
Internal control is important for company operational, especially for cash receipts and disbursements. The effective internal control of cash receipts and disbursements can prevent and detect the misappropriation of cash. The purpose of this study is to examine the implementation of PSAK 23 at Mountain Marry Hospital regarding the recording, presentation, and recognition of hospital revenue that serves patients with the same actions but acknowledgment of payment of different rates between hospital rates and Indonesian-Case Based Groups (INACBG) rates, specifically for patients of the Implementing Agency Social Security (BPJS) Health. This research was conducted at Mountain Marry Hospital to analyze and to apply the recording, presentation, and recognition of income standards that exist at Mountain Marry Hospital by following PSAK 23 regarding revenues at different rates to carry out internal controls over revenue and expenditure procedures cash adequately. The main principle of internal control that needs to be considered is the separation of tasks between recording, storage, cash receipts should be deposited to the bank, all-cash disbursements should use checks except for small amounts of expenses. Cash is all cash in hand and funds deposited in banks in various forms such as deposits and checking accounts. Data analysis methods used in this research is descriptive methods with qualitative analysis techniques that are outlining, describing and comparing data. The findings show that the service number of JKN patients at Mountain Marry Hospital has reached 90.05% of JKN patients, so cash receipts at Mountain Marry Hospital have reached the government program to serve Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) patients but based on research results the Mountain Marry Hospital has not recorded revenue recognition INACBG tariffs with JKN rates, by following the Statement of Financial Accounting Standards 23 because of differences in rates and are not sufficient to implement internal controls over cash receipts and disbursements procedures, especially for JKN patients.
, Grace B Nangoi, Stanley Kho Walandouw
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 58-65; doi:10.32400/iaj.27705

Abstract:
Holland Bakery is a brand for modern bakery franchise networks with premium quality. Holland Bakery was first established in 1987 in Jakarta, under the auspiece of PT. Mustika Citra Rasa. Holland Bakery is the only Disney character licensee bakery in Indonesia. Holland Bakery has 22 branches that manage more than 400 outlets and will continue to be expanded nationally to other cities. The purpose of this research is to analyze the application of Management Accounting Information System to Product Quality Control in Holland Bakery Manado. This type of research is qualitative descriptive research. Based on the result of research that has been done, in the process of applying Management Accounting Information System to Product Quality Control in Holland Bakery Manado, researchers found their application of Total Quality Management in their business activities. With the exixtence of TQM in its business processes, the company can run smoothly and show positive results for the company.
, David Paul Elia Saerang, Treesje Runtu
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 2, pp 37-43; doi:10.32400/iaj.27557

Abstract:
The main cost of production was a direct and indirect amount of expenses and burdens, to produce goods or services under the right conditions and conditions for which they could be used or sold. This research was done on the CV Rajawali Tunggal Perkasa of a lumber company. The purpose of this study is to know how much profit is gained a measure of both income and sacrifice made. The kind of data used is qualitative data and the source data is the primary data. Results from studies indicate that the calculation of the principal production value to a CV Rajawali Tunggal Perkasa with a tally on the cost of production using the method full error indicates the difference of results. Based on the research, the main cost of production is based on the full yield method better at analyzing the cost of production, it is due to the calculation of principal prices of production by the full income method, not including the cost of administration and the cost of the car's rent into overhead, since those costs are a component of the company's profit assessment report.
Lusia N Missah, Ventje Ilat, Victorina Z. Tirayoh
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 39-44; doi:10.32400/iaj.26176

Abstract:
Increasing business competition requires companies to make the most of existing capabilities to excel in competition. This can be achieved by increasing managerial performance. In its operations, PT Bank SulutGo really needs and relies on every internal and external information. This study aims to determine the effect of the characteristics of management accounting information of managerial performance at PT Bank SulutGo. This research uses quantitative research methods. For data analisys methods using multiple linear regression analisys. The results showed that: (1) broadscope variable influences managerial performance; (2) the timeliness variable influences managerial performance; (3) the aggregation variable influences managerial performance; and (4) variable integration has no effect on managerial performance.
, Lintje Kalangi, I Gede Suwetja
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 105-111; doi:10.32400/iaj.26684

Abstract:
The Village Financial System Application is a village financial management application system developed by the financial and development audit board or BPKP intended for village financial management. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of the Village Financial System or SISKEUDES on the performance of the village government in the village of Kapataran, the eastern Lembean district, Minahasa Regency. This research uses qualitative research. The data used are primary data in the form of interviews.The informants used were the village head and village secretary.The results showed that: (1) procedures for using SISKEUDES were carried out through 4 stages, namely planning, budgeting, administration, and bookkeeping; (2) ways to integrate low human resources (HR) through assistance and training; (3) the Village Financial System also has a purpose in assessing the performance of the village government. The SISKEUDES has important role to play in the village government which is felt directly by village officials. This is in accordance with the objectives of implementing the SISKEUDES, which is to assist work of village employees.
, Harijanto Sabijono, Robert Lambey
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 81-89; doi:10.32400/iaj.26664

Abstract:
The business sector of both individuals as well as legal entities has an obligation to deposit and report the tax payable. One example of the activities of a business entity that is required to deposit and report the tax payable is the business activities of procurement of goods and services. Procurement of goods and services for local government basically in terms to fulfill required of the goods and services expertise. The purpose of this study is to describe the calculating and reporting income tax especially for Article 22 on procurement of goods at the Regional Government Regional Representative Office of Talaud in Manado. This study uses method is quantitative descriptive method in period of 2016. The results show that the PPh Article 22 shall be imposed at rate of 1.5% and shall be paid by using document called SSP to the perception bank appointed by the Minister of Finance. This study finds that the calculation of income tax article 22 of Regional Government Regional Representative Office of Talaud in Manado is following the recent taxation regulation.
Carolina Carolina, Hendrik Manossoh, Robert Lambey
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 74-80; doi:10.32400/iaj.26656

Abstract:
The main task of government agencies is to provide services to the community whose quality can be improved by the use of fixed assets to achieve the duties and functions of government agencies. The presence of Government Regulation (PP) of the Republic of Indonesia Number 71 Year 2010 concerning Accrual Based Government Accounting Standards is the momentum of changes in Government Accounting Standards from previously cash-based to accruals, to accrual-based and have major implications for the treatment of assets where depreciation is taken into account in the valuation of fixed assets. The purpose of this research is to find out the accounting treatment of Fixed Assets that are applied to the Regional Finance and Asset Management Agency (BPK-AD) of Manado City in accordance with Government Regulation No. 71 of 2010 statement No. 07. The research method used in this study is qualitative research. The results showed that the recognition of fixed assets, measurement or valuation of fixed assets, and depreciation of assets in the BPK-AD Manado City are in accordance with SAP No. 07, as well as the Manado City BPK-AD in the management of regional assets following a separate regulation made by the Manado city BPK-AD namely the Technical Bulletin (Bultek) as a reference to regulate and adjust regional asset management in accordance with SAP No. 07.
, David Paul Elia Saerang, Hendrik Gamaliel
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 57-62; doi:10.32400/iaj.26638

Abstract:
Income tax can be used for various functions of determining policies related to income. Taxpayer compliance is strongly influenced by the ownership of a country's NPWP because if a Taxpayer is not compliant it will cause reduced tax revenue. The object of this research is the Income Taxpayer which is limited to the Corporate Income Taxpayer in the city of Manado. The purpose of this study is to determine whether NPWP ownership has an effect on tax compliance at the Manado Primary Tax Service Office. In conducting this research a statistical analysis tool is used that is simple linear regression analysis and is strengthened by testing the hypothesis that is the t test. The results showed the regression model obtained was Y = 10.895 + 0.299 X. The constant a of 10.895 gives the sense that if the Income Tax Audit is perceived to be constant or equal to zero (0), then the magnitude of Taxpayer Compliance is 10.895 units. Furthermore, the value of b which is a regression coefficient of variable X (NPWP ownership) of 0.299 means that if NPWP ownership has increased by one (1) unit, then the amount of income tax increase has increased or increased by 0.299 units assuming the other variables are fixed or constant. Taxpayers compliance (Y) got contribution from NPWP (X) ownership factor of 6.6%, while the rest was explained by other variables not included in this study. Thus it is known that NPWP ownership has no significant effect on increasing taxpayer compliance.
, Herman Karamoy, Lidia M. Mawikere
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 63-73; doi:10.32400/iaj.26649

Abstract:
Environmental accounting is an accounting science that shows the real costs of business inputs and processes and ensures cost efficiency, while also being used to measure quality and service costs. The main objective is to comply with environmental protection laws to find efficiencies that reduce environmental impacts. Environmental accounting basically requires the full awareness of other companies or organizations that benefit from the environment. This research was conducted at the hospital, because in hospitals it can produce a lot of waste, therefore hospitals need guidelines to manage waste properly and efficiently with environmental accounting. The purpose of this study is to find out whether the RSUD DR. Sam Ratulangi Tondano has implemented environmental accounting and carried out identification, measurement, recognition, presentation, and disclosure.
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 129-136; doi:10.32400/iaj.26814

Abstract:
The internal control system has an internal control structure that can control the internal control process including the control environment, accounting system, control procedures. This study aims to determine the internal control system, especially in cash disbursement activities at the Sangihe Regency Regional Secretariat which is based on the 5 (five) elements of the SPIP (government internal control system) including, control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication and monitoring. The type of data used is qualitative data by conducting observations and direct interviews at the Regional Secretariat Office of the Sangihe Regency to the head of the financial subsection who knows thoroughly about cash disbursements. The results of the research obtained on the internal control system related to cash disbursements at the Regional Secretariat of the Sangihe Regency are in accordance with the 5 (five) elements of the Government Internal Control System(SPIP).
, Sifrid Pangemanan, Stanly Alexander
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 120-128; doi:10.32400/iaj.26815

Abstract:
Genaral demand for accountability is one of the factor that driven the development of public sector accounting in Indonesia. Government Regulation No. 71 of 2010 concerning Government Accounting Standards explains that government financial reports must provide information that is useful for users. Quality financial reports require an adequate regional financial accounting system, because the system is supporting the creation of transparent and accountable regional financial management. Through the application of the regional financial accounting system, it is expected to be able to carry out its duties and functions so that Good Governance is created. This study used descriptive qualitative research that aims to reveal qualitative information so that it emphasizes the application of regional financial accounting systems and implemented interviews and documentation for getting the data. The results of this study indicate that the application of the regional financial accounting system is in accordance with applicable regulations.
, Jenny Morasa, Robert Lambey
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 90-96; doi:10.32400/iaj.26665

Abstract:
Revenue increases the value of assets of a company's operational activities in accordance with applicable accounting principles. This guideline is a Statement of Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 23 about income. In PSAK 23 there is a discussion on the recognition, measurement and disclosure of income that must be applied in accordance with the type and condition of the company. This study discusses the recognition and measurement of income from PT. Bintang Sayap Utama. This study uses descriptive qualitative by comparing the principles of recognition and measurement of income in PSAK 23 with the application by the company. The results of interviews and reviews of the company's financial statements indicate that the company has applied the concept of PSAK 23 on sales and income as well as on the price difference but not on the interest of income and other income. Based on this analysis, the application of recognition is revealed and the measurement of income at PT. Bintang Sayap Utama is not in accordance with PSAK 23 and it has been suggested to make corrections to the recording in which have found to not be appropriate.
, Jenny Morasa, Victorina Z. Tirayoh
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 97-104; doi:10.32400/iaj.26679

Abstract:
Market service retribution is one Local Own-Source Revenue that used to financing regional expenditure. The aim of this study is to understand the income potential of the market service retribution in Manado City in period of 2017 to 2018. This study uses descriptive qualitative as method of analysis. The result shows that potential market retribution in period of 2017 to 2018 had increased. The greatest market potential service retribution in 2018 found in Bersehati Market, Pinasungkulan Market, and “Shopping Center”. The income potential has increase on Bersehati Market for about Rp 4,186,080,000 which caused by seller increasing as same as Pinasungkulan Market and Shopping Centers with income potential respectively about Rp 792,000,000 and Rp 612,720,000. The market with the smallest income potential is called “Jalan Roda” with value of Rp. 149,040,000 with 69 selling sites. Overall, optimal income potential of 2018 for retribution of market service increase from Rp 6,100,920,000 to Rp. 6,551,280,000 accompany by seller increase.
, Herman Karamoy, Harijanto Sabijono
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 112-119; doi:10.32400/iaj.26718

Abstract:
One of which can be used as a source of local revenue is cash receipts in government agencies such as offices, other government agencies. As an autonomous region, a new paradigm has emerged in the Indonesian constitutional system which has implications for the implementarion of local government. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the system and procedure for cash receipts at the regional tax and levies management agency in the Minahasa Regency. Based on the results of research that the implementation of system and procedures for cash receipts in the Agency for the management of tax and levies in the southern Minahasa regency is in accordance with Permendagri 59 of 2007. System and procedures for local tax and levies include registration, verification, printing, signing of tax invoice, stipulation, issuance, depositing, recording, and filling of tax documents to taxplayes or tax levies. Based on research in the field that the system and procedures for regional financial management contained in Permendagri 59 of 2007, especially in the southern Minahasa regency tax and levies management agency, have been carried out well, it is clear that overall the procedures for receiving cash from authorized officials. In accordance with the result of the study, it can be concluded several things including: the system and procedures for cash receipts blank letter of deposit (BLD) is one ot the very important documents udes in recording cash receipts at the local tax and levies management body in South Minahasa Regency.
Silvia Almar’Atus Sholohah, Ardiani Ika Sulistyawati,
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 45-56; doi:10.32400/iaj.26622

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of implementation Good Government Governance, Government Accounting Standards, Monitoring, Quality of Local Government Reform, Human Resource Competency, and Financial Accounting System on the Quality of Financial Statements in DPKAD Semarang City. The object in this study is SKPD staff in DPKAD Semarang City. This study uses primary data obtained by spreading the questionnaire. Sampling was done by using purposive sampling method and the sample size was 49 respondents. The data analysis was done by using multiple regression with the help of SPSS V20 software. The independent variables in this study consisted of Good Government Governance, Government Accounting Standards, Monitoring, Quality of Local Government Reform, Human Resource Competency, dan Financial Accounting System which the dependent variable is The Quality of The Financial Statements. The results of this study show that implementation of Monitoring to influence the quality of Financial Statements. But implementation of Good Good Government Governance, Government Accounting Standards, Quality of Local Government Reform, Human Resource Competency, dan Financial Accounting System have not influence the Quality of Financial Statements.
, Ventje Ilat, Hendrik Gamaliel
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 17-24; doi:10.32400/iaj.25650

Abstract:
Motorized vehicle are all wheeled vehicles, along with the trailer used in all type of road, and are driven by technical equipment in the form of a motor or commonly called a machine. Motor Vehicle Tax is one of the potential sectors in increasing Original Regional Income in North Minahasa Regency. The purpose of this study is to analyze the constraints or problems of 2015-2018 Motor Vehicle Tax that have fluctuated. This research was conducted at the Regional Technical Implementation Unit of North Minahasa Regency. The data analysis method used is qualitative descriptive method. The results of the study found that vehicle tax in 2015 did not reach the target, with the realization of the revenue amounting to Rp 49.696.733.900 from the target set at Rp 57.601.380.834 while 2016 to 2018 reached the target. The natural obstacle at the time was that the Data Base from DISPENDA had not been integrated with the North Sulawesi Police Department. The conclusion is that the realization of the target in the last 4 years is not achieved, namely in 2105 and the rest has increased.
Ardiani Ika Sulistyawati, Ika Anis Rachmawati, Aprih Santoso
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1; doi:10.32400/iaj.25430

Abstract:
This study aims to test and obtain empirical evidence on the influence of accountability, competence, task complexity, and organizational culture on auditor performance. Respondents in this study are auditors who work at the Audit Board and Development (BPKP) Representative of Central Java Province. The number of questionnaires distributed was 90 questionnaires from 5 sections of BPKP Central Java Provincial Representative Office, but only 80 questionnaires are used. Sampling the results showed that no deviations of classical assumptions were found. This study uses t test of multiple regression with Accountability, Competence, Task Complexity, and Organizational Culture as independent variables and Performance of Auditors as dependent variable. The results of regression shows that coefficient of determination is 0,540 which means 54% auditor performance can be influenced by four independent variables, and 46% influenced by other variables.
Rifka Sharen Rianto, Herman Karamoy, Anneke Wangkar
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 31-38; doi:10.32400/iaj.25743

Abstract:
Pln company, which means a state-owned electricity company, in which this state-owned company has a meter product that helps the public to supply electricity, but in determining the selling price of the meter products orten experience problems because the selling price of the meter products often changes making customers often make complaints towards the company, for that the authors aim to examine the cost of goods sold in the company by using the variabel cost method, the study was conducted using a type of qualitative data to analyze accounting treatment and for the calculation of the author using quantitative data in the form of financial statements in order to calculate the calculation of cost of goods sold, after analysis by using the varibel cost method, the authors get the results under the calculation of variabel cost more profitable and not harming customers or costs that are not interested in calculating the cost of goods sold is the final result of the process of calculating the cost of goods sold of a postpaid meter product and a prepaid meter using the Variable cost method. There are 2 major groups in each sales process that will form the cost of goods sold report, namely production costs and non-production costs. PT. PLN (Persero) ULP Manado Selatan which is the object of research has a calculation of cost of goods in postpaid and prepaid meter products. In the calculation of the company's cost of goods sold is very high for the emphasis on the cost of products that cause very high cost problems, therefore according to the discussion to solve a problem in the calculation of cost of goods sold, the authors use the cost of goods sold calculation with the variable cost method. After recalculation using the variable cost method, the results obtained are lower than the calculation by the company, where the cost of selling postpaid and prepaid meters is lower, the difference is caused by excess loading of costs that should not be included in the cost of goods sold.
Angelica Claudia Pogaga, Sifrid S Pangemanan, Jessy D. L Warongan
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 25-30; doi:10.32400/iaj.25745

Abstract:
Inventories are assets that are held for sale in the normal course of business or goods that are used or consumed in production to be sold. For companies, inventory is a very important asset because with the company’s inventory can maintain it’s survival. The problem that often occurs in inventory accounting is recording and valuation. The purpose of this research is determine the suitability of the application of recording and valuation or raw material inventories at Dolphin Donuts Bakery Manado with the Statement of Financial Accounting Standards for Entities without Public Accountability (SAK ETAP). Dolphin Donuts Bakery Manado is a company engaged in the food industry that produces a variety of breads, pastries, donuts and birthday cakes. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative method. Based on research results obtained that method of recording inventories is not all in accordance with SAK ETAP. Whereas the valuation of raw material inventories applied by Dolphin Donuts Bakery Manado is in accordance with the Statement of Financial Accounting Standards for Entities without Public Accountability (SAK ETAP) Chapter 11 Regarding Inventories.
Indonesia Accounting Journal, Volume 1, pp 1-5; doi:10.32400/iaj.25404

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to examine the interaction between firm maturity and firm growth opportunities over risk and its impact on returns. This study uses 135 firms listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2010 to 2016 as sample which gives 945 as total observed data. This study conducts path analysis in term for hypothesis testing and finds that firm maturity has significant role to increase the risk which gives impact on increasing the returns. In context of Indonesian firms, the findings imply that mature firms will have higher risk and higher returns.
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