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Results in Journal Journal of Electronic & Information Systems: 29

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Yuzhe Liu, Lidong Lin, Han Dong
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i2.3678

Abstract:
In this project, we investigated how ion thrusters produce propulsion and how the design of ion thrusters affects the performance of the thruster. In the experiment, we build a high voltage power supply (0- 50 kV) and foil rings to produce ion wind. When considering the design of the thruster, we focus on three variables: the volume of the space, where ions are produced and the electric field intensity. Thus, to investigate the first variable we made foil rings with different radius and change the distance between the ring and positive cathode. To determine the propulsion produced we use a speed sensor to determine the magnitude of the wind produced.
Ahmad Al Cheikha, Ebtisam Haj Omar
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i2.3740

Abstract:
Mp-Sequences or M-Sequence over Fp not used so much in current time as binary M-Sequences and it is pending with the difficult to construct there coders and decoders of Mp-Sequences further these reasons there is expensive values to construct them but the progress in the technical methods will be lead to fast using these sequences in different life’s ways, and these sequences give more collection of information and distribution them on the input and output links of the communication channels, building new systems with more complexity, larger period, and security. In current article we will study the construction of the multiplication Mp-Sequence {zn}and its linear equivalent, this sequences are as multiple two sequences, the first sequence{Sn}is an arbitrary Mp-Sequence and the second sequence {ζn} reciprocal sequence of the first sequence {Sn}, length of the sequence {zn}, period, orthogonal and the relations between the coefficients and roots of the characteristic polynomial of f(x) and it’s reciprocal polynomial g(x) and compare these properties with corresponding properties in M-Sequences.
Williams Miller Appau, Samson Akanvose Aziabah, Florence Abugtane Avogo
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i2.3692

Abstract:
Although land registration systems are constantly changing based on entrenched institutional frameworks, they cannot fulfill their technical objectives. Technical designs based on loopholes in the existing land registration system are the common steps in advanced countries. However, the missing link between the implementation of technical designs and their uses and users, affect the prospects of land registration decentralisation in developing countries. User and System requirements are used to integrate and enhance land registration services delivery across land information systems. This study assesses and develops framework for decentralised electronic land registration systems in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect user and system requirement data from clients and technical staff of the Lands Commission in Accra. The framework pointed out five main policy outline strategies. These include land registration process modeling (process reduction and turnaround time monitoring), technical function (file tracking), the effect of changes in the registration loupe and absorption of land registration report, land registration workflow improvement, and the use of aerial images. The study recommends a systemic monitoring and evaluation of staff job roles.
Paul Sambo, Gilford T. Hapanyengwi, Tsitsi Zengeya
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3, pp 20-27; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i2.3722

Abstract:
COVID-19 effects have been felt in the education sector worldwide where schools, colleges, and universities were closed as a way to reduce the spread of the deadly pandemic and loss of lives. The Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education. advocate that no child should be left behind during the COVID-19 era, therefore gave a directive for universities to use other alternative means of teaching and learning to continuously provide teaching and learning to students during the series of lockdown. An efficient eLearning system in universities is very important as an alternative to faceto-face teaching and learning in this COVID-19 era to have continuity in teaching and learning during the induced lockdowns. Success in online learning can be achieved by understanding the level of readiness of online learning environments. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the adoption of online learning by students in Zimbabwean universities. A descriptive online survey employing questionnaires to collect data on the adoption of eLearning by Zimbabwean universities students was used. Results indicated various eLearning platforms have been introduced in Zimbabwean universities though there is a need for eLearning infrastructure to be availed, students to be trained or students to effectively adopt the eLearning.
Hiroaki Waraya, Masahiro Muraguchi
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i2.3569

Abstract:
With the rapid development of wireless systems, the demand for frequency resources has been increasing in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the high-quality communication method that efficiently utilizes finite frequency resources. In this paper, Single Sideband 16 Pulse Amplitude Modulation (SSB 16PAM) scheme for the uplink communication is proposed. It transmits data in only Lower Sideband (LSB) without extra Hilbert components. Under Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel environment, Bit Error Rate (BER) performance of the proposed scheme is superior by 3 dB in terms of Carrier-to-Noise Ratio (CNR) to 256 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (256QAM) scheme with the same frequency efficiency and the same Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR). Our proposed scheme employs the original frequency domain filter on the transmitter side to form an ideal spectrum. The configuration of its process is almost similar to Single Carrier-Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA), moreover, half of the input data on the frequency domain is removed. The proposed frequency domain filter produces the SSBmodulated spectrum with a roll-off rate of zero without degrading the BER performance.
Swaib Kyanda Kaawaase, Rodney Ekisa Simon
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i1.3440

Abstract:
This paper presents a First responder emergency response tool (EMApp) as a step towards achieving integrated emergency care in developing countries, the case of Uganda. The EMApp prototype has potential to support health emergency response from various emergency stakeholders. This innovation is in line with strategic plans to embrace technologies towards the establishment of integrated social services such as emergency healthcare services (EHS) in Uganda. We describe the prototype and provide its functionalities that can be further enhanced to enable access to emergency services and save life. The possible assumptions, potential challenges and recommendations to implement and deployment of such a system are provided. There is currently no such integrated emergency response system in Uganda as is the case in many other developing countries. For future studies, there is need to deploy the tool and assess its impact on the communities.
Rajinikanth Yella, Krishna Pande, Ke Horng Chen
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i1.3550

Abstract:
Our goal is to develop THz module on chip to visualize bone grinding atthe early stage so that arthritis can be visualized and treated early. A criticalcomponent of such module is antenna. A compact 4 by 4 beamformingantenna array for biomedical application is presented in this paper. Weare proposing a novel antenna which is in the form of a circular ribbonshape with a gold patch. Gold material for the patch is used to enhance itsconductivity and to cut down backward radiation. Differential port pin usedto increase the bandwidth. Au-posts are finally used for output connection.The proposed antenna operates over the frequency band from 201 GHz tomore than 228 GHz. Directivity and gain of the proposed antenna are 13dB and 7 dB respectively. This makes it applicable for imaging systemsbecause of the frequency band for biomedical imaging. Index Terms—Beamforming antenna, antenna array, Advanced design system (ADS),Biomedical imaging.
Yuning Song, Yuzhong Liu
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i1.3205

Abstract:
The problem of non-fragile dynamic output feedback H∞ control for a class of uncertain switched systems with time-varying delay is discussed. Firstly, the form of non-fragile dynamic output feedback H∞ controller is given. Under the condition that the upper bound of time delay and the upper bound of delay derivative are limited simultaneously, Lyapunov functional and its corresponding switching rules are constructed by using single Lyapunov function method and convex combination technique; Secondly, we use the inequality lemma to scale the derived Lyapunov functional in order to eliminate the time-varying delay term in the inequality, and then introduce the J-function to obtain a nonlinear matrix inequality that satisfies the H∞ performance index γ, we also employ Schur complement lemma to transform the nonlinear matrix inequality into set of linear matrix inequalities consisting of two linear matrix inequalities, a sufficient condition for the existence of a non-fragile dynamic output feedback H∞ controller and satisfying the H∞ performance index γ is concluded for a class of uncertain switching systems with variable time delay; Finally, a switched system composed of two subsystems is considered and the effectiveness and practicability of the theorem are illustrated by numerical simulation with LMI toolbox.
Rajinikanth Yella, Krishna Pande, Ke Horng Chen
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i1.3549

Abstract:
A novel architecture for Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) module usingmonolithic components on GaN is presented in this paper. The design ofsuch a WPT module receives DC power from solar panels, consists ofphotonic power converter (PPC), beamforming antenna, low pass filter,input matching network, rectifier, output matching network and logic circuit(off-chip) which are all integrated on a GaN chip. Our WPT componentsshow excellent simulated performance, for example, our novel beamforming antenna and multiple port wideband antenna have a gain of 8.7 dBand 7.3 dB respectively. We have added a band pass filter to the rectifieroutput which gives two benefits to the circuit. The first one is filteringcircuit will remove unwanted harmonics before collecting DC power andsecond is filter will boost the efficiency of rectifier by optimizing the loadimpedance. Our proposed rectifier has RF-DC conversion efficiency of74% and 67% with beam-forming antenna and multiple port wide bandantenna respectively. Our WPT module is designed to charge a rechargeablebattery (3 V and 1 mA) of a radio module which will be used between twoantennas in future 5G networks. We believe our proposed WPT modulearchitecture is unique and it is applicable to both microwave and millimeterwave systems such as 6G.
Ahmad Al Cheikha, Ebtisam Haj Omar
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i1.3507

Abstract:
M-Sequences play a big important role, as the other binary orthogonalsequences, for collection the information on the input links and distributionthese information on the output links of the communication channelsand for building new systems with more complexity, larger period, andsecurity, through multiplication these sequences. In our article we try tostudy the construction of the multiplication sequence {zn}and its linearequivalent, this multiplication sequence is as multiple two sequences, thefirst sequence{an}is an arbitrary M-sequence and the second sequence{bn}is not completely different but is the reciprocal sequence of the firstsequence {an} that is the reciprocal sequence has characteristic polynomialg(x) is reciprocal of f(x), which is the characteristic polynomial of the firstsequence {an}, also we will study the linear equivalent of the multiplicationsequence {zn}and we will see that the length of the linear equivalent of {zn}is equal to ((deg f(x))2 - deg(f(x)).
Guogang Lin, Yu Lin
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i2.2161

Abstract:
摘要 在不能使用激光器裸露光纤和现有卫星受到电能和重量限制的情况下,创新的有线磁纤维[1] 电缆,丰富的IP通道磁接收器[2]和无应答器反射器卫星[3]该技术与现有技术相结合,使光纤优于光纤,可以裸露使用。光纤技术是在下行频段的现有技术条件下的一项创新产品,目前只能用作线性传输卫星,从而可以弯曲频段传输并发实现反射卫星的新型电缆以及光纤端口“天线”;电磁,光纤端口的“天线”和反射器卫星的互操作性,无限数量的IP反向传输无线传输,无线电卫星(包括地面和室内中继“天线”)也可以与光纤的互操作性结合起来,
Jun Jiang
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i2.2383

Abstract:
The short-wave HgCdTe thin film material was grown by liquid phase epitaxy on CdTe substrate, Adopt n on p injection bonding and function and flip-flop mixing process, With a low noise readout circuit, sealed with a high airtightness cellular-metal shell, Using a four-stage Thermo Electric Cooler (TEC),320×256 Short Wave Infrared Focal Plane Cooling Detecto r available to operate at near room temperature (210K). Its main photoelectric performance are signal-to-noise ratio greater than 400, non-uniformity equivalent to 4.69%,operability equivalent to 99.76%,frame rate equivalent to 115Hz,component weight less than 150grams.
Christian Mancas
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i2.2090

Abstract:
MatBase is a prototype data and knowledge base management expert intelligent system based on the Relational, Entity-Relationship, and (Elementary) Mathematical Data Models. Dyadic relationships are quite common in data modeling. Besides their relational-type constraints, they often exhibit mathematical properties that are not covered by the Relational Data Model. This paper presents and discusses the MatBase algorithm that assists database designers in discovering all non-relational constraints associated to them, as well as its algorithm for enforcing them, thus providing a significantly higher degree of data quality.
Zhanjun Ma, Xinting Zhang
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i2.2417

Abstract:
Due to the rapid development of society, public places, especially large shopping malls, are relatively frequent places for emergencies. Such emergencies not only seriously affect public security and property, but also bring great psychological pressure to citizens. Therefore, this study is of great significance for the exploration and study of public place emergencies.The research object of this study is the public shopping mall. Based on the AnyLogic simulation platform and guided by the relevant principles of social force model, this study utilize the pedestrian storehouse in the platform as the core module to build the simulation environment, and attempts to simulate the police force restraining effect on the overall event and the perpetrators after the occur of emergent incident under different police force allocations. In order to ensure the accuracy of the experimental data, the research team conducted field survey to estimate the average flow of people and the general data of the security personnel in shopping malls, also estimated the restrain and capture time after repeated experiments.The results indicate that increasing additional police force outside the shopping malls and pre-organizing reasonable patrol routes can obviously facilitate police officers to restrain perpetrators. Meanwhile, it is also clear that the Anylogic platform can effectively simulate pedestrian movement and interaction behaviour in emergencies.
Lam Weng Siew, Lam Weng Hoe, Lee Pei Fun
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i2.2497

Abstract:
Since the telecommunications companies experience great competition, high churn rate, data traffic issues during the Covid-19 pandemic and the upgrade to 5G connectivity, the finance management of a telecommunications company should be analyzed to study the volatility and returns in the sector. This paper aims to develop a goal programming model to examine the asset and liability management of a telecommunication company, namely Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TM) in Malaysia. The result of this study shows that TM has achieved all the goals in maximizing assets, equities, profits, earnings and optimum management item while minimizing liabilities over the period of study from 2015 to 2019. Potential improvements on these goals have also been identified through this study. This paper has also contributed to the studies in financial management since past studies have not been done on asset and liability management in telecommunications companies which is rapidly growing and expanding even while the world is suffering from economy crisis during this pandemic.
Gajendra Sharma, Birat Bade
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i1.2020

Abstract:
The global climate is changing due to anthropogenic activities such as industrialization, infrastructure development, deforestation etc. Expected effects of climate change include increase in global temperatures, rising sea levels, changing precipitation, melting of glaciers, less snowfall, expansion of deserts etc. Most ecosystems are affected by manmade climate change and Mount Everest is no exception. This paper delves into the effects of global warming on Mount Everest and how Internet of Things (IOT) can be used to correctly monitor these effects. The IOT system will take three parameters temperature, carbon parts per million in the atmosphere and snowfall. This research paper also proposes a IOT framework to measure the net snowfall. The data gathered by the IOT system will be used to create a model will be created to monitor the effect of temperature and carbon parts per million on snow fall.
Run Xu
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i1.1951

Abstract:
With regards to the assembly line of cost control of Dechang(HK) company, the motor housing’s cost control of process will be necessarily respected. Because the supply quantity is big in a machine the price of motor housing is small, so that the cost control of automatic production line is significant with modeling. It is found that the control of equipment includes in shaft and crank linkage for benefit which also needs to be controlled in detail. For the sake of benefits can we fundamentally resolve the main problem of high cost process.
Run Xu, Zhiqiang Chen
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i1.2045

Abstract:
The stall phenomenon which happens in loaded motor is unqualification in application. Meanwhile it may measure the maximum property of motor in manufacture. So the phenomenon is analyzed to find a simulation of electrical state to predict the maximum currency and torque which is a necessary method to be proceeded up to now before design. We find that the simulation fits well to the reference. The conditions of t=60s,U=22V result in the biggest stall force according to rotation to change time and voltage. Then it is t=90s,U=17V; t=30s,U=27V and t=120s,U=12V in turns. As for torque it is t=30s,U=27V; t=60s,U=22V;t=90s,U=17V and t=120s,U=12V in truns.
, Shaofei Zhang
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i1.2011

Abstract:
The report mainly analyzes whether the inverter system could improve the efficiency of converting new energy into factory electricity based on McLuhan's laws of media theory. Firstly, the report asserts the significance of using new energy and the importance of utilizing the inverter system to improve the power conversion of new energy in factories. Secondly, it mainly describes McLuhan's theory from four different aspects. In addition, according to the four aspects of McLuhan's theory, the rationality and feasibility of the inverter system solution are analyzed. Then, it is concluded that the inverter system can well improve the conversion efficiency of new energy generation in factories. Finally, this paper claims suggestions from two different perspectives to promote the development of the inverter system.
Gbenga Bankole Folayan, Ibrahim Ademiloye
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v2i1.2023

Abstract:
The peculiar nature of control theory as a course that cut across a lot of major engineering disciplines calls for a look into how its learning can best be done without students feeling like they are wasting their time. This paper takes a look at control theory as subject cut across various engineering field and has a wide background that students must really be comfortable with. Its wide application and background pose a huge challenge to the teaching of control. It goes further to look into traditional method of teaching, Project - Based Learning Blooms Taxonomy. It then proposes applying Flipped Bloom Taxonomy to Project -based learning for a deep understanding of control systems. .
Anoushe Arab
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i2.1367

Abstract:
This paper discusses needs for the automation of the underdevelopment communities. The novelty of this research is the link between production of microprocessors and increasing of the life quality. This study highlights the importance of efficient and economic architecture of logical circuits for the automation. The aim of this research is to produce a logical circuit, which includes suitable gates. The circuit will be embedded in the automatic devices as a microprocessor to cause programmed functions. This research reports analytically a workshop method to build the circuit. It uses an assembly card and required gates. Then, it suggests certain VHDL codes to drive a motor. The workshop presents the configuration schemes and connection board for every gate. In addition, it shows a schematic wiring diagram of the circuit. Finally, the economic analysis proves the mass production of the circuit will enhance the automation and consequently the quality of life. The outcome of this research is a helpful experience to the engineers, manufacturers and students of the relevant disciplines to resolve the inequality in the use of the modern technologies.
Alex Michailovic Asavin, Puha V. V., Baskakov S. S., Chesalova E. I., Litvinov A. V.
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i2.1656

Abstract:
We have developed specialized equipment based on mini-MDM hydrogen sensors and the WSN telecommunication technology for long-term monitoring of hydrogen content in the environment. Unlike existing methods, the developed equipment makes it possible to carry out measurements directly in the explosion zone with high discreteness in time. This equipment was tested at a large rare-earth deposit of the Lovozero Alkaline Pluton Karnasurt in the underground mining tunnel. We observed a short time very high concentration of hydrogen in the atmosphere (more than 3 orders of normal atmosphere concentration). This discovery is very important because at the time of the explosion one can create abnormally high concentrations of explosive mixtures of hydrocarbon gases that can lead to accidents. The high resolving power of the measurement equipment makes it possible to determine the shape of the anomaly hydrogen of such a concentration and to calculate the volumes of hydrogen released from the rocks, at first time in the practice. The shape of the anomaly usually consists of 2-3 additional peaks of the shape - "dragon-head-like peak". We make an first attempt is made to explain this form of anomaly in the article. The aim of the work in the estimation hydrogen emission in mining ore deposit rare earth elements.
Hesam Akbari, Sedigheh Ghofrani
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i2.1008

Abstract:
Signal decomposition into the frequency components is one of the oldest challenges in the digital signal processing. In early nineteenth century, Fourier transform (FT) showed that any applicable signal can be decomposed by unlimited sinusoids. However, the relationship between time and frequency is lost under using FT. According to many researches for appropriate time-frequency representation, in early twentieth century, wavelet transform (WT) was proposed. WT is a well-known method which developed in order to decompose a signal into frequency components. In contrast with original WT which is not adaptive according to the input signal, empirical wavelet transform (EWT) was proposed. In this paper, the performance of discrete WT (DWT) and EWT in terms of signal decomposing into basic components are compared. For this purpose, a stationary signal including five sinusoids and ECG as biomedical and nonstationary signal are used. Due to being non-adaptive, DWT may remove signal components but EWT because of being adaptive is appropriate. EWT can also extract the baseline of ECG signal easier than DWT.
Yu Tao
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i2.1771

Abstract:
Before this paper, the authors have obtained the tangent median relation by using the trigonometric function equation. In this paper, on the basis of the linear positioning solution of one-dimensional equidistant double-base linear array, by proper approximate treatment of the strict solution, and by using the direction finding solution of single base path difference, the sinusoidal median relation of azimuth angle at three stations of the linear array is obtained. By using the sinusoidal median relation, the arithmetic mean solution of azimuth angle at three stations is obtained. All these results reveal the intrinsic correlation between the azimuth angles of one-dimensional linear array.
Alimohammad Latif, Zeinab Mehrnahad
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i1.1078

Abstract:
In this paper, a new scheme for image encryption is presented by reversible cellular automata. The presented scheme is applied in three individual steps. Firstly, the image is blocked and the pixels are substituted by a reversible cellular automaton. Then, image pixels are scrambled by an elementary cellular automata and finally the blocks are attached and pixels are substituted by an individual reversible cellular automaton. Due to reversibility of used cellular automata, decryption scheme can reversely be applied. The experimental results show that encrypted image is suitable visually and this scheme has satisfied quantitative performance.
Chin-Ling Chen
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i1.1336

Abstract:
Due to the advancement of information technology, Journal of Electronic & Information Systems aims to discover innovative methods, theories and studies in its field by publishing original articles, case studies and comprehensive reviews. Journal of Electronic & Information Systems provides a wide range of readers and authors. A good communication platform, in the expectation, the first issue of the first volume was first published.Journal of Electronic & Information Systems publishes original research papers that it has officially applied for the electronic ISSN (Online) to be 2661-3204. The current Vol. 1 No. 1 will be issued with electronic publications.
Yu Tao
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i1.579

Abstract:
Firstly, the direction finding solution at the midpoint of a single base array is given for the purpose of this paper and the several functions relation between phase and frequency is also described. Then, the expression of phase difference rate is described based on the multichannel phase difference measurement. With stripping time difference item correspond to the baseline length from phase difference rate, a function is extracted which signifies the differential characteristics of wavelength integer and phase difference in a unit of length. Simulation calculation found that the variation of differential function of path difference in a unit of length is very regular. The corresponding corrected value can is determine directly by distinguishing the range of differential item of phase difference obtained by actual measurement. Thus, the function expression can be obtained that is equivalence with the quondam differential function of path difference and that is nothing to do with the difference item of wavelength integer. On this basic, several parameters are analyzed by using the method of phase difference measurement without phase ambiguity. The research results in this paper may provide a powerful technical support for engineering practical design related to the phase measuring.
Dadmehr Rahbari, Mohsen Nickray
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i1.1135

Abstract:
Resource allocation and task scheduling in the Cloud environment faces many challenges, such as time delay, energy consumption, and security. Also, executing computation tasks of mobile applications on mobile devices (MDs) requires a lot of resources, so they can offload to the Cloud. But Cloud is far from MDs and has challenges as high delay and power consumption. Edge computing with processing near the Internet of Things (IoT) devices have been able to reduce the delay to some extent, but the problem is distancing itself from the Cloud. The fog computing (FC), with the placement of sensors and Cloud, increase the speed and reduce the energy consumption. Thus, FC is suitable for IoT applications. In this article, we review the resource allocation and task scheduling methods in Cloud, Edge and Fog environments, such as traditional, heuristic, and meta-heuristics. We also categorize the researches related to task offloading in Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC), Mobile Edge Computing (MEC), and Mobile Fog Computing (MFC). Our categorization criteria include the issue, proposed strategy, objectives, framework, and test environment.
Kamarulzaman Kamarudin
Journal of Electronic & Information Systems, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i1.1061

Abstract:
Mobile robot has been one of the researches focuses in this era due to the demands in automation. Many industry players have been using mobile robot in their industrial plant for the purpose of reducing manual labour as well as ensuring more efficient and systematic process. The mobile robot for industrial usage is typically called as Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV). The advances in the navigation technology allows the AGV to be used for many tasks such as for carrying load to pre-determined locations sent from mobile app, stock management and pallet handling. More recently, the concept of Industry 4.0 has been widely practiced in the industries, where important process data are exchange over the internet for an improved management. This paper will therefore discuss the development of Internet of Things (IoT) bases mobile robot for AGV application. In this project a mobile robot platform is designed and fabricated. The robot is controlled to navigate from one location to another using line following mechanism. Mobile App is designed to communicate with the robot through the Internet of Things (IoT). RFID tags are used to identify the locations predetermined by user. The results show that the prototype is able to follow line and go to any location that was preregistered from the App through the IoT. The mobile robot is also able to avoid collision and any obstacles that exist on its way to perform any task inside the workplace.
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