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Nik Nurul Ain Nabilah Razak, Muhammad Roil Bilad
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.424

Abstract:
Microalgae biomass is an attractive feedstock for biofuels and other applications. Prior utilization the microalgae biomass must be harvested, a step that contributes largely to the overall energy and production costs. Membrane filtration is seen as a viable option for microalgae concentration. It is mainly attractive as primary step treating the diluted broth. However, its application is largely limited by membrane fouling that lowers overall process efficiency and productivity. This study provides an overview on the recent progress of the membrane technology particularly on technology to address the membrane fouling issue in microalgae filtration and upconcentration. Firstly, brief introduction of potential of microalgae biomass and membrane technology is provided. It followed by comprehensive overview of membrane fouling control approach. The membrane fouling control approaches are classified into optimization of operational parameters, membrane material development, hydrodynamic manipulation, improved module design and lastly module spacer development. Lastly, perspective on future research direction is also provided.
Sunday Obro
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.425

Abstract:
The Internet has its fundamental prerequisite needed by all to outlive the challenges of the 21st century. Quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development is significantly necessary for today’s Nigeria in post-covid-19. The paper pointed out that the Internet can be used for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development in Nigeria. Suggestions on how to use the Internet for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development were made. The paper employed a qualitative study approach. It discussed the Internet and quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development. It further discusses Social Studies Education and the concept of the Internet. It also looked at various scholars’ views on sustainable development. It went further to x-rayed the interaction with the Internet and the Internet for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development. These include, among others, exposure of Social Studies teachers to internet usage for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development and making school Net, Nigeria Dig Net a reality in Nigeria.
Muhammad Amir Nasrin Mohd Asri, Nur Syakinah Abd Halim, Mohd Dzul Hakim Wirzal, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Muhammad Roil Bilad
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.395

Abstract:
As the forefront in fiber materials development, electrospun nanofiber membrane (NFM) is potentially reliable for wastewater treatment due to its excellent properties for instance; large surface area, high porosity, tuneable pore size, and has great flux as compared to other conventional membranes. However, fouling issue will lead to degradation of membrane performance. Fouling issue can be alleviated by applying membrane surface modification. In this study, thermal annealing is applied onto nylon 6,6 nanofiber membrane with three different temperatures (60°C, 80°C and 120°C). Results show that annealing causes membrane shrinkage and reduction of membrane fiber diameter where the fiber reduced from 138.5 nm to 108.5 nm when annealed at 120°C. The optimum annealing temperature for the membrane was found to be at 60˚C as the membrane shows the highest flux at 1200 L/m2.h at 75 minutes filtration time and took longer time to get fouled (>75 minutes) compared with un-annealed membrane (55 minutes). Nylon 6,6 nanofiber membrane is also proven to give more than 90% of COD and turbidity rejection.
M. J. Dewiyani Sunarto
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.379

Abstract:
The Covid 19 pandemic period has changed the learning system, including the presence of online learning. Literature reviews from various sources state that the Flipped Learning model is an alternative model for planned online learning. Even so, the Flipped Learning model cannot be implemented directly, but it must be adapted to the conditions where students learn. The development of the Flipped Learning model in this study is supported by a Moodle-based e-learning campus, which is called MyBrilian, through the following syntax: (1) Introduction, (2) Exploration, (3) Study, (4) Exposure, and (5) Assessment. This study involved 66 students of Information System study program of Universitas Dinamika who took Basic Mathematics courses. The instrument used is the Lesson Plans, Student Learning Materials and Test Instruments. Data analysis through statistical descriptive and qualitative descriptive techniques. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that the learning is classified into increased knowledge on a high scale, namely N-Gain of 0.7, and based on student response questionnaire, it shows satisfactory results in each syntax. The conclusion is that the flipped learning model can be adopted as an implementation of planned online learning, by adjusting to local learning conditions and with the support of technology.
Rosiady Husaenie Sayuti, Oryza Pneumatica Inderasari, Azhari Evendi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.381

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the awareness of the importance of community preparedness against disasters, especially for island communities whose locations are in disaster-prone areas. Maringkik Island, East Lombok Regency was chosen as the research location because the island is included in the southern part of Lombok Island which has the potential for megathrust with earthquakes above 8 SR. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the level of community education in Maringkik Island and its effect on community readiness in dealing with current disasters, (2) the level of understanding of disaster preparedness in the community in patron-client relationships, and (3) the level of disaster preparedness in the local social system of community in Maringkik Island, East Lombok Regency. The method used in this research is mixed methods, a combination of quantitative and qualitative research. The data were collected using in-depth interviews and surveys using a questionnaire that had been prepared. The results obtained from this study are that community preparedness in facing disasters is influenced by several factors, namely the level of education and knowledge as well as existing socio-cultural values. In addition, the existing patron-client pattern actually contributes to the community's low understanding of disaster preparedness. Community behavior and preparedness in the event of a disaster are still traditional, instinctive and natural, not based on modern science. Therefore, this study recommends the importance of disaster-specific subjects in schools and routine disaster mitigation-related training from related institutions.
Khotim Maslikah, Utami Widiati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.361

Abstract:
This article reports the effectiveness of student-initiated media in teaching speaking to ninth graders of a junior high school. Using a pre-experimental design, this study involved 85 students, being given an experimental treatment in the form of a freedom to choose and use their own media to present an English advertisement, one of the basic competences the students had to master in the semester when the data were being collected. A pre-test in the form of oral interview was given at the beginning of the study, followed by the implementation of the research treatment. At the end of the study, the students took a post-test of a similar format. In other words, the data in this study were in the form of the students’ speaking performance. With the help of SPSS, a test was employed to check the effectiveness of the media. Besides, informal interview with the students show that they felt more relaxed and less anxious when using the media while speaking. It is recommended that teachers make use of such media in the classroom for designing democratic classroom atmosphere so that students experience joyful learning and tend to speak more.
D. Dwikoranto, Rahyu Setiani, Binar Kurnia Prahani, Husni Mubarok
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 259-271; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.314

Abstract:
This research aimed to produce a valid and effective mobile learning model and tools as an alternative to online learning solutions in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic. The tutorial tools are: tutorial activity design, tutorial activity unit, student activity sheet, and collaborative ability test. The trial design used a Pre-Experiment with a one group pre-test and post-test design. The research subject was the Pre-service Primary Teachers (PPTs) programming the elementary concept science course for the registration period of 2020. The data collection instruments included: (1) tutorial tool validity assessment sheet and (2) collaborative ability test. The research data were in the form of pre-test scores and post-test scores after going through a series of prerequisite tests: normality test and homogeneity test which were then analyzed using paired t-test. The mean level of improvement in the pre-test and post-test scores were calculated using the gain score. The results showed that: (1) the development of mobile learning which was included in the content and construct in the valid category, and supported by tutorial tools was included in the valid category and (2) the developed mobile learning was included in the effective category because of the significant increase in student collaborative abilities in limited trials and extensive trials in moderate criteria and students respond positively to the tools and tutorial processes. Based on the above, it can be concluded that the development of mobile learning was valid and effective to improve student collaborative abilities.
Dewi Arif Hidayati, H. Husamah, Diani Fatmawati, Fuad Jaya Miharja, Ahmad Fauzi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 319-331; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.277

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the attitude of concern for the environment among the students at Pondok Pesantren Ar-Rohmah Malang. This research was an ex post facto research where the researcher reveals and describes the facts about the environmental care attitude of the students at Ar-Rohmah Islamic Boarding School Malang. The population in this study were all students of Ar-Rohmah Senior High School Malang. The sample in this study were students of class 10, 11, and 12 SMA Senior High School Ar-Rohmah Malang who were randomly selected with the number of students in each class as many as 35 students and total as many as 210 students. The results showed that in general, the students of Ar-Rohmah Senior High School Malang tend environmental care / pro-environmental attitudes rather than social paradigm attitudes. Class differences indicate a difference in the percentage of caring attitudes towards the environment. If we look at each item, based on the percentage of responses to the NEP instrument, the students of AR-Rohmah Senior High School Malang is not understood holistically on several materials such as the balance of ecosystems, the right of natural resources not to be exploited continuously, and the obligation of humans to protect the environment and cultivate it wisely.
Rohmat Hidayatulloh, S. Suyono, Utiya Azizah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 308-318; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.306

Abstract:
This study aimed to develop STEM-based chemistry textbooks on reaction rate topic, in order to improve students' problem solving skills. Textbooks are developed using the Research & Development (R&D) scheme with feasibility indicators seen from the validity and effectiveness of textbooks. The developed textbook was then tested using a one group pretest-postest design research, where the research subjects were 30 students of class XI at SMA Wachid Hasyim 1 Surabaya. The research data were obtained from expert validation sheets and student problem solving skills test sheets. Based on the research conducted, it was found that 1) the textbook developed had a validity score of 3.70 and was categorized as very valid, 2) the increase in student problem solving skills classically obtained was 0.75, in the high category, 3) the percentage of completeness a test of student problem solving skills by 90%, so that STEM-based textbooks can be state to be effective in improving students' problem solving skills. Based on these results, it can be conclude that STEM-based textbooks developed feasible to improve students' problem solving skills.
Kartika Yuni Purwanti, Ika Silfiana Arifatul Khoiriyah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 332-341; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.267

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to prove the effectiveness of the use of Tapertis Media towards the 4 graders of Elementary Schools’ multiplication concept understanding. The type of this research is experimental research. Using the intact-group comparison type of pre-experimental design. With 9 students as the sample of this research. Using purposive sampling technique. The methods used were the multiplication concept understanding test, observation, and documentation. Using validity of media expert, validity test, reliability test, normality test, homogeneity test, paired sample T-Test, and regression test for the data analysis. The result showed that Jarimatika with Tapertis media has effectiveness in improving the 4 graders elementary schools’ multiplication concept understanding. The result of paired T-Test showed the significance level of < 0.05 is 0.00 < 0.05, then 𝐻𝑎 is accepted. The result of T-test showed that the average of learning achievement of the experimental class was higher than the average of the learning achievement of the control class, and the significance level was < 0.05, then 𝐻𝑎 is accepted. The result of regression test showed that significance value of pre-reading skills is 0.038 where the value is less than 0.05, therefore, the hypothesis is accepted. The data of the multiplication concept understanding value also showed that the learning average of the experimental class was greater than the control class. The data analysis result showed that Jarimatika with Tapertis media has effectiveness in improving the students’ multiplication concept understanding.
Agus Muliadi, Baiq Mirawati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 342-351; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.307

Abstract:
Entrepreneurship learning in university becomes a bridge to build students' knowledge, interests, and skills in the entrepreneurial field. As it is to produce graduates who are creative, innovative, productive, reliable, quality, independent, having self-controlled, and competitive. This current research aimed to find out (1) the students' attitudes, subjective norms, and entrepreneurial interests; (2) the influence of subjective norms and attitudes on students’ entrepreneurial interests. It was an ex post facto research with associative descriptive approach. It was conducted in the even semester of 2020 with 56 samples of students of the Biology Education, FSTT Mandalika University of Education who were selcted using purposive sampling technique. The instrument administered was a closed questionnaire about attitudes, subjective norms, and entrepreneurial interests with a Likert scale and it had been validated by experts. The datawere analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with multiple linear regression tests. The results showed that the students’ entrepreneurial attitude had a mean of 3.13 in good category, the subjective norm was 3.13 in good category, and the entrepreneurial interest was 3.08 in good category. Next, the results of multiple linear regression namely (1) the F-test value fell in 16.036 and the significance value of 0.000 was greater than the alpha value of 0.05 (> 0.05). It meant that there was an influence of attitude and subjective norms simultaneously towards students’ entrepreneurial interest; (2) the t-test showed that the significance value of attitude (X1) was 0.033 and the subjective norm (X2) was 0.030 which meant greater than the alpha value 0.05 (> 0.05). It meant that there was a partial influence of attitude and subjective norms on students’ entrepreneurial interest; and (3) the coefficient of determination test showed the value of R Square was 0.377 or 37.7%. It meant that the attitude and subjective norms affected the entrepreneur's interest and the rest of the percentage was affected by other variables or factors.
Moch. Agus Krisno Budiyanto, Tien Aminah, H. Husamah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 272-283; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.276

Abstract:
School strategies and perceptions of the school principals in utilizing the ecotourism potency is one of important things-which is used as an effort to support the improvement of the quality of learning, not much has been revealed yet. This study aimed at analyzing the school strategies and perspective of school principal in utilizing the ecotourism potency of Songgoroti and Cangar-Batu City tourisms as learning sources in High School. This study used a qualitative approach. Phenomenology was used as design of study. Teachers, school principals, and students of SMAN 3 Malang, SMA Sholahuddin Malang, and MAN 1 Malang were the informants of study. Sampling technique used was purposive sampling. Data collection methods used in this study were in-depth interview and questionnaires. The data of study obtained were analyzed by means of content analysis referred to Interactive Models Miles, Huberman and Saldana, and those were presented in a descriptive description. The results of study indicated that the school strategies in utilizing the ecotourism potency covered up 1) the analysis strategy of ecotourism potency as effective learning sources for High School in an effort to determine learning place, in which it consisted of two strategies, namely (a) Student- Teacher Centered Strategy and (b) Teacher -Student Centered Strategy; 2) The planning strategy in utilizing the ecotourism potency as effective learning sources consisted of three strategies, namely (a) initiator strategy, (b) planning policy-making process strategy, and (c) planning implementation strategy; and 3) The implementation strategy in utilizing the ecotourism potency consisted of two strategies, namely (a) Collaborative/Resource sharing Strategy, dan (b) Semi-collaborative Strategy. The perceptions of school principals in utilizing the ecotourism potency were that the school principals were very supportive, both through direct statements and through policies made. It can be concluded that there are various strategies to utilize the ecotourism potency of learning sources in High School. The principals reinforce the utilization effort through direct statements and policies that are made. In the future, a study is needed on the implementation of the utilization of ecotourism potency in learning.
Ela Suryani, Lisa Virdinarti Putra, Na’Imah Much Muf’Afidah, Cholifatul Hidayah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 299-307; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.273

Abstract:
This study aimed to describe the planting of environmental care through hydroponic programs. This type of research is qualitative research with purposive sampling technique. The research subjects were students in grade V SDN Susukan 04 East Ungaran Semarang Regency. Data collection techniques through FGD, questionnaires, interviews, and documentation. The research instrument used was a draft FGD, questionnaire sheets, interview guides, and documentation archives. Technique validity of data through source triangulation and technique triangulation. Students carry out the hydroponic program with a floating raft system through the axis technique. The planting of an environmental care attitude is carried out through several stages of the hydroponic program, namely the stages of sowing, seedling, growth/enlarging and harvesting. The results showed that the most dominant environmental care attitude of students was nurturing plants, while the weakest environmental care attitude of students was developing a comfortable environment. The environmental care attitude that has been embedded in elementary school students is the interest in planting and caring for plants, conserving energy by using water as needed, throwing trash into the trash, and recycling used goods.
Nur Ihsan Halil
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 284-298; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.316

Abstract:
This study aimed to describe the effectiveness of using Edmodo, as one of the online learning platforms, in the lecture process at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of the Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka (USN Kolaka). A sample of 124 students from a total of 1,606 FKIP students of USN Kolaka participated in this study by filling out questionnaires distributed online. Student responses were analyzed descriptively quantitatively to determine the effectiveness of the implementation of learning, in terms of two aspects (the level of student participation, and the attitude of students towards the implementation of lectures). The results of data analysis showed that online learning using Edmodo at FKIP USN Kolaka has been carried out effectively. The effectiveness of using Edmodo is due to its practicality (simple display, provides various features, and supports various file types), as well as the accessibility of its use (accessible even though the connection is unstable, and saves internet quota). The convenience provided by Edmodo platform is able to increase the average participation rate of students in online learning to reach 89.18%.
S. Suhirman
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 211-222; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.251

Abstract:
Salah satu rekomendasi asesor pada visitasi BAN PT dalam rangka Akreditasi Jurusan Tadris IPA Biologi, Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Mataram adalah praktikum Laboratorium IPA dilakukan dengan pola 10x1, sementara penyelenggaraan praktikum yang umum dilaksanakan adalah pola blok 1x10. Tujuan penelitian eksperimental ini adalah menguji efektivitas penyelenggaraan praktikum pola blok 1x10 dan 10x1 sebagai acuan kebijakan praktikum Laboratorium IPA. Efektivitas dilihat dari tiga komponen, yaitu: nilai tes praktikum, nilai laporan praktikum, dan preferensi praktikan dan co-asisten terhadap salah satu pola praktikum. Penelitian dilakukan pada mahasiswa Jurusan S1 PGMI Semester II, Jurusan Tadris IPA Biologi Semester IV, dan Co-Asisten. Rancangan penelitian adalah quasi eksperimental dengan tipe Pre-test–postest Non-Equivalen pada sampel yang diambil secara cluster random sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik tes, angket, dan wawancara untuk kemudian dianalisis dengan statistik inferensial pada taraf signifikansi 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa nilai tes dan nilai laporan praktikum mahasiswa yang mengikuti praktikum pola blok 10 x 1 lebih tinggi dibanding 1 x 10, tetapi tidak berbeda secara signifikan. Berdasarkan analisis diperoleh 96% mahasiswa lebih menyukai pola praktikum 10 x 1. Dengan demikian, ditinjau dari hasil, salah satu pola praktikum tidak ada yang lebih efektif dibanding yang lain.Organizing Practicum of 1 X 10 and 10 X 1 Block Patterns as a Reference for Science Laboratory Practicum PolicyAbstractOne of the recommendations from BAN PT assessors during the visitation in the Accreditation of Department of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training is that practicum at Natural Science Laboratory should be administered in a 10x1 block pattern, while the general administration of practicum pattern is a 1x10 block pattern. This experiment aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the administration of the 1x10 and 10x1 block practicum patterns. The effectiveness was sought out by assessing three components, namely: practicum test scores, practicum report scores and the preferences of practicants and co-assistants to one of the practicum patterns. The participants of this study were the second year undergraduate students of elemetary Education Department and the fourh year undergraduate students of Natural Science Education Department, and co-sssistants. This study was of quasi-experiment using Non-Equivalent Pre-test-postest design and the sample was taken using cluster random sampling technique. The data were collected through test, questionnaire, and interview and then they were analyzed using inferential statistics at the 0.05. significance level. The findings showed that the test and practicum report scores of the students who joined the 10 x 1 block practicum pattern were higher than those who joined 1 x 10 block practicum pattern, yet they did not differ significantly. Based on the analysis, 96% of the students obviously preferred the 10 x 1 block practicum pattern. Thus, based on the results, no one practicum pattern was more effective than the other.
Deni Hamdani, J. Junaidi, Dwi Novitasari, Nilza Humaira Salsabila, Ratna Yulis Tyaningsih
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 248-258; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.253

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan secara komprehensif perbedaan bukti yang membuktikan dan bukti yang menjelaskan berdasarkan pertimbangan implikasi kedua bukti tersebut sebagai dasar konstruksi penalaran dan bukti dalam matematika. Kajian dijalani dengan kegiatan menguraikan perbedaan spesifik antara keduanya serta memberikan contoh kasus kedua bukti, dan memberikan justifikasi atas pentingnya pengenalan kedua bukti dalam kelas matematika. Kedua bukti digambarkan dengan permasalahan konsep barisan bilangan ganjil. Bukti yang membuktikan hanya menunjukkan dengan menggunakan induksi matematis, sementara bukti yang menjelaskan menunjukkan dengan bukti Gauss, representasi geometrik bangun titik, dan garis zig-zag. Perbedaan antara keduanya tampak pada pemberian alasan yang berasal dari bukti itu sendiri. Hasil kajian mengindikasikan bahwa peran bukti dalam kelas matematika pada tingkat perguruan tinggi adalah membuktikan/meyakinkan, pada tingkat menengah atas adalah membuktikan dan menjelaskan, dan pada tingkat sekolah menengah pertama dan dasar peran utamanya adalah menjelaskan. Akibatnya bukti matematis tidak hanya membuktikan/menyakinkan, melainkan juga menjelaskan. Karenanya penting mempertimbangkan implikasi bukti dalam kurikulum matematika di sekolah, serta perlunya menyajikan bab materi kepada mahasiswa pendidikan matematika tidak hanya bukti yang membuktikan, melainkan juga bukti yang menjelaskan.Proofs that Prove and Proofs that Explain in Mathematics ClassroomAbstractThe purpose of this study was to comprehensively describe the differences of the proofs that prove and proofs that explain based on the consideration of the implications of the two proofs as the basis for the construction reasoning and proofs in mathematics. The study was undertaken with the activity of describing the specific differences between the two and providing examples of cases of both proofs; and provide justification for the importance of introducing both proofs in mathematics classrooms. Both proofs are illustrated by the problem of the odd number sequence concept. Proofs that prove is only shown using mathematical induction, while proofs that explain shows with Gaussian proof, a geometric representation of point shape, and zigzag line. The difference between the two appears to be the reasoning that comes from the proof itself. The results of the study indicate that the role of proof in mathematics classes at the tertiary level is proving/convincing, at the senior secondary level it is proving and explaining, and at the junior and elementary school level its main role is explaining. As a result, mathematical proof does not only prove/convince, but also explain. It is therefore important to consider the implications of proof in the mathematics curriculum in schools, as well as the need to present chapter materials to mathematics education students not only proofs that prove but also proof that explain.
M. Ichsan Nawawi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 197-210; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.216

Abstract:
Salah satu permasalahan yang menarik adalah perbedaan karakter mahasiswa yang sering disebut sebagai Generasi Z. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan motivasi belajar mahasiswa yang diberikan media pembelajaran sesuai dengan karakter Generasi Z. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuasi eksperimen dengan one sample pretest-posttest design. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 21 mahasiswa di Jurusan Matematika, UIN Alauddin Makassar. Data hasil penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner dan dianalisis menggunakan uji t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan motivasi sebelum dan sesudah diberikan media pembelajaran sesuai dengan karakter Generasi Z (bahan ajar yang menarik, penggunaan motion graphic, sli.do, kahoot dan strategi problem solving berdasarkan permasalahan kehidupan sehari-hari).The Effect of Learning Media on Learning Motivation: Overview based on Generation Z CharacterAbstractOne interesting problem is the difference in the character of students who are often referred to as Generation Z. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in student learning motivation given learning media in accordance with Generation Z characters. This research is a quasi-experimental study with one sample pretest-posttest design. The sample in this study were 21 students in the Department of Mathematics, UIN Alauddin Makassar. Research data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using t test. The results showed that there were differences in motivation before and after learning media were given according to Generation Z characters (interesting teaching materials, use of motion graphics, sli.do, kahoot and problem solving strategies based on problems of daily life).
Ita Ainun Jariyah, Esti Tyastirin
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 183-196; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.224

Abstract:
Program studi Biologi UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya telah memberlakukan pembelajaran daring pada Semester Genap Tahun Akademik 2019/2020 sebagai upaya memastikan perkuliahan tetap berjalan di masa pandemi COVID-19. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis proses dan kendala pembelajaran biologi di masa pandemi COVID-19 berdasarkan respon mahasiswa Jenis Penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif, Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan membagikan Google form yang berisi 11 pertayaan kepada 82 orang mahasiswa angakatan 2017, 2018, dan 2019. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa proses perkuliahan daring di Prodi Biologi UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya berjalan cukup baik. Beberapa kendala diantaranya banyak menghabiskan kuota serta jaringan internet lemah. Proses perkuliahan masih perlu untuk terus dioptimalkan dan perlu untuk dilakukan evaluasi demi perbaikan perkuliahan daring pada periode berikutnya.The Biology Learning Processes and Constraints in the Covid-19 Pandemic Period: Analysis of Student ResponsesAbstractThe Biology Study Program of UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya has implemented online learning in the Even Semester, Academic Year 2019/2020 as an effort to ensure lectures continue during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to analyze the processes and constraints of biology learning in the COVID-19 pandemic based on student responses. This research type was qualitative descriptive, data collection was done by distributing Google form containing 11 questions to 82 students 2017, 2018, and 2019. The results of this study indicate that the online lecture process at Biology Study Program of UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya was going pretty well. Some obstacles include spending a lot of quota and a weak internet network. The lecture process still needs to be continuously optimized and evaluation needs to be done to improve online lectures in the next period.
J. Junaidi, Yenita Roza, M. Maimunah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 173-182; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.220

Abstract:
Pada abad 21 diperlukan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi (HOTs) yang mencakup kemampuan berpikir kritis dan berpikir kreatif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan kemampuan interpretasi, analisis, inferensi, kelancaran dan orisinalitas siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal pola dan barisan bilangan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah deskriptif kualitatif dan subjek sebanyak 40 siswa yang terdiri 19 siswa SMPN 5 Bantan dan 21 Siswa MTS Al-Huda. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa (1) tes tertulis yang berorientasikan HOTs dan (2) pedoman wawancara. Hasil tes menunjukkan rata-rata HOTs siswa SMPN 5 Bantan (49,34) dan MTS Al-Huda (45,12) berkategori cukup. Skor tiap indikator HOTs untuk siswa SMPN 5 Bantan diketahui bahwa interpretasi= 48,68, analisis= 40,13, inferensi= 64,47, kelancaran= 52,68 dan orisinalitas= 40,79 sedangkan untuk siswa MTs Al-Huda adalah interpretasi= 61,18, analisis= 40,79, inferensi= 53,57, kelancaran= 38,16 dan orisinalitas= 45,24. Berdasarkan hasil wawancara juga diketahui bahwa rendahnya HOTs siswa dikarenakan siswa tidak terbiasa dalam menyelesaikan soal HOTs serta tidak tersedianya soal-soal HOTs yang secara khusus mengukur HOTs di sekolah, sehingga diharapkan adanya penelitian lebih lanjut mengenai soal-soal HOTs.Students' Thinking Ability in Solving HOTs Questions on Material Patterns and Rows of NumbersAbstractIn the 21st century, higher order thinking skills (HOTs) are needed which include critical thinking skills and creative thinking. The purpose of this study is to describe the students’ ability of interpretation, analysis, inference, fluency and originality in solving questions about patterns and rows of numbers. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative and as many as 40 students consisting of 19 students of SMPN 5 Bantan and 21 students of Al-Huda MTS. The instrument used in the form of (1) written tests oriented to HOTs and (2) interview guidelines. The test results showed the average level of SMPN 5 Bantan students’ HOTs (49.34) and MTS Al-Huda (45.12) was categorized as sufficient. The score of each indicator of HOTs for SMPN 5 Bantan students is known that interpretation= 48.68, analysis= 40.13, inference= 64.47, fluency= 52.68 and originality= 40.79 while for MTs Al-Huda students are interpretation= 61.18, analysis= 40.79, inference= 53.57, fluency= 38.16 and originality= 45.24. Based on the interview results it is also known that the low level of students’ HOTs is because students are not accustomed to solving HOTs questions and the unavailability of HOTs questions that specifically measure HOTs in schools, so it is hoped that further research on questions of HOTs.
Ervan Johan Wicaksana, Pramana Atmadja, Yuli Asmira
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 160-172; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.215

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan poster kesehatan reproduksi berbasis pendidikan karakter menggunakan canva pada usia remaja sekolah di SMA. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analisis-deskriptif dengan metode kuantitatif yang dilakukan di SMA Negeri 8 Kota Jambi. Produk divalidasi oleh ahli materi dan ahli media menggunakan lembar validasi, yang selanjutnya diujicoba pada kelompok kecil (6 siswa) dan kelompok besar (30 siswa dan 1 guru) menggunakan instrumen berbentuk angket untuk mendapatkan persepsi siswa dan guru. Keefektifan produk juga diuji menggunakan instrumen tes degan desain One group pretest-posttest. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) validasi oleh ahli materi (93,3%) dan ahli media (87,5%) berkategori sangat baik, (2) ujicoba pada 6 orang kelompok kecil (81,4%), kelompok besar (87,3%) dan guru (83,3%) diperoleh tanggapan dengan kategori sangat baik, dan (3) hasil belajar siswa meningkat dengan kategori sedang (0,65). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa poster kesehatan reproduksi berbasis pendidikan karakter menggunakan canva layak digunakan dalam pembelajaran.The Development of Reproductive Health Poster Based on Character Education Using Canva in School Adolescents in High SchoolAbstractThis study aimed to develop a reproductive health poster based on character education using Canva in the school's teenage years in high school. This research is a descriptive analysis research with quantitative methods conducted at SMA Negeri 8 Jambi City. The product was validated by material experts and media experts using validation sheets, which were then tested on small groups (6 students) and large groups (30 students and 1 teacher) using questionnaire-shaped instruments to get students and teacher perceptions. The effectiveness of the product was also tested using a test instrument with the One group pretest-posttest design. The results showed that (1) validation by material experts (93.3%) and media experts (87.5%) were categorized as very good, (2) trials in 6 small groups (81.4%), large groups (87.3%) and teachers (83.3%) obtained responses in the excellent category, and (3) student learning outcomes improved in the moderate category (0.65). Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the reproductive health poster based on character education using canva is suitable for use in learning.
Moh. Mirza Nuryady, H. Husamah, Fuad Jaya Miharja, Iin Hindun, P. Patmawati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 211-221; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.217

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Penelitian molekuler untuk menemukan gen pengkode resistensi Multidrug Resistance Prtotein A (MRPA) T. evansi dan perbanyakan gen secara Polimeration Chain Reaction (PCR) masih sedikit dilakukan dan sangat penting untuk dipahami oleh mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis proses desain dan optimasi primer untuk gen target MRPA T. evansi yang dapat digunakan sebagai sumber belajar mahasiswa pendidikan biologi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif mengenai tahapan mendesain primer secara online, optimasi primer secara laboratorium serta kajian mengenai pentingnya penerapan hasil studi ini dalam pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat tiga desain primer yang memenuhi syarat, selanjutnya dari tiga primer tersebut hasil optimasi di laboratorium menunjukkan hanya terdapat dua primer yang menunjukkan hasil yang baik dan dapat digunakan untuk penelitian amplifikasi gen MRPA T. evansi, yaitu primer pertama (F1’, R1’) dan primer kedua (F2’, R2’). Hasil kajian desain dan optimasi primer ini menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa pendidikan biologi sangatlah penting untuk memahami konsep terkait dengan pekerjaan molekuler seperti mendesain dan optimasi primer, dikarenakan mereka memiliki tuntutan untuk menjadi seorang calon pendidik atau sebagai calon peneliti dimasa depan.Design and Optimization of Trypanosoma evansi MRPA Primer Coding Genes and Application to Molecular Biology LearningAbstractMolecular research to find Multidrug Resistance Prtotein A (MRPA) resistance coding genes and gene propagation by Polimeration Chain Reaction (PCR) is still little done and is very important to be understood by prospective biology teacher students. This study aims to analyze the design and primary optimization process for the T. evansi MRPA target gene that can be used as a learning resource for biology education students. This research was a descriptive study to described the step of primer design and optimization due to the importance of this steps to be applied as learning source. The results showed that there were 3 primer designs that qualified, then after the optimizing step there were only two primers that showed a good result, the first primer (F1, R1) and second primer (F2', R2). The results of this study showed the importance of biology education students to understand the concepts related to molecular work because in the future they are not only become prospective educators, they also have demands as prospective researchers.
I. Ismiati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 222-235; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.218

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Pembelajaran biologi perlu mendayagunakan potensi dan ruang lingkup lokal karena biologi haruslah relevan dengan kehidupan dan kebutuhan peserta didik. Salah satu daerah yang perlu diarusutamakan adalah Kabupaten Nunukan, Provinsi Kalimantan Utara. Artikel ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kontek pembelajaran biologi di jenjang SMA pada abad ke-21 berbasis potensi daerah Kepulauan Nunukan. Kajian ini menggunakan metode studi literatur dan analisis isi. Studi literatur dilakukan dengan mensurvei buku, artikel ilmiah, dan sumber lain yang relevan dengan masalah tertentu, bidang kajian, atau teori, dan dengan demikian, memberikan deskripsi, ringkasan, dan evaluasi kritis dari karya-karya ini sehubungan dengan masalah yang sedang diselidiki. Berdasarkan telusur literatur diketahui bahwa dari aspek flora dan fauna ada 15 potensi yang dapat dijadikan dasar atau pengembangan sumber belajar/bahan ajar biologi. Dari aspek ekologi dan sosial ada 6 potensi. Dengan demikian, sejauh ini minimal ada 21 potensi yang dapat dijadikan bahan oleh guru biologi SMA di Kabupaten Nunukan ketika mengajar. Tentu saja, setiap potensi disesuaikan dengan Kompetensi Inti, Kompetensi Dasar, dan Indikator yang telah ditetapkan. Angka tersebut tentu akan terus berkembangan seiring dengan gencarnya penelitian yang dilakukan oleh para peneliti lokal maupun internasional.The 21st Century High School Biology Learning Based on Local Potency: Review of Potency in Nunukan Regency, North KalimantanAbstractBiology learning needs to utilize local potential and scope because biology must be relevant to the lives and needs of students. One area that needs to be mainstreamed is Nunukan Regency, North Kalimantan Province. This article aims to describe the context of learning biology in the 21st century high school based on the potential of the Nunukan Islands region. This study uses literature study and content analysis methods. Literature studies are conducted by surveying books, scientific articles, and other sources that are relevant to a particular problem, field of study, or theory, and as such, provide a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in connection with the problem being investigated. Based on the literature search, it is known that from the aspect of flora and fauna there are 15 potentials that can be used as a basis or development of learning resources / teaching materials in biology. From the ecological and social aspects there are 6 potentials. Thus, so far there are at least 21 potentials that can be used as materials by high school biology teachers in Nunukan Regency when teaching. Of course, each potential is adjusted to the Core Competencies, Basic Competencies and Indicators that have been set. This figure will certainly continue to develop along with the incessant research conducted by local and international researchers.
Syintia Dewi Ananta Shinta Dewi, Yenita Roza, M. Maimunah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 134-150; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.206

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Indikasi banyaknya jumlah siswa yang tidak dapat menyelesaikan soal limit fungsi aljabar yang diberikan di kelas XI MAN 1 Pekanbaru, menggambarkan adanya permasalahan siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor penyebab siswa tidak menyelesaikan soal limit fungsi aljabar, khususnya siswa di kelas XI SMA/MA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek pada penelitian ini adalah 22 orang siswa kelas XI IIS 4 MAN 1 Pekanbaru tahun pelajaran 2019/2020. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah angket untuk mengetahui faktor penyebab siswa tidak menyelesaikan soal limit fungsi aljabar berupa faktor fisiologis, faktor psikologis, faktor materi, faktor lingkungan sekolah, faktor lingkungan keluarga, dan faktor lingkungan masyarakat. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa faktor terbesar yang menyebabkan siswa tidak menyelesaikan soal materi limit fungsi aljabar yaitu faktor materi (50%) dan yang paling sedikit adalah faktor fisiologis (18%). Hasil penelitian ini dapat menjadi rujukan bagi guru untuk dapat lebih menekankan konsep limit fungsi dalam bentuk akar dengan menggunakan strategi dan model pembelajaran yang sesuai dengan karakteristik siswa dan kebutuhan materi.Students' Causative Factor Unable to Solve The Algebraic Limit Function’s ProblemsAbstractThe indication that many of the students were not able to solve the algebraic function limit’s problems given in class XI MAN 1 Pekanbaru, it pointed out that there were some student's problem. This research aims to analyze the factors that caused many of the students were not able to solve the algebraic function limit’s problems, especially students in class XI SMA/MA. The method used in this research was descriptive qualitative research. The subject of this research were 22 students of class XI IIS 4 MAN 1 Pekanbaru in the academic year 2019/2020. The instrument used in this research was a questionnaire to determine the factors caused students were not able to solve the algebraic function limit problems in the form of physiological factors, psychological factors, topic factors, school environmental factors, family environmental factors, and community environmental factors. The analysis results showed that the biggest factor caused students were not able to solve the problems about algebraic function limit was the topic factors (50%) and the least factor was the physiological factors (18%). The results of this study can be a reference for teachers to be able to emphasize the concept of limit functions in the form of roots by using strategies and learning models that are in accordance with student characteristics and material needs.
Sakinah Ubudiyah Siregar, Amin Harahap, Sri Milfayetti, Ibnu Hajar
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 151-159; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.207

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan komunikasi dan self-efficacy matematis siswa melalui pendekatan pembelajaran matematika realistik (PMR). Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode eksperimen semu. Sampel yang digunakan pada penelitian masing-massing yaitu 30 siswa (kelas eksperimen) dan 30 siswa (kelas kontrol) sekolah dasar di beberapa sekolah sekitar kota Rantauprapat. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) peningkatan kemampuan komunikasi matematis siswa yang diberi pendekatan realistik lebih tinggi daripada siswa yang diberi pembelajaran konvensional, (2) adanya interaksi antara pendekatan pembelajaran dengan kemampuan awal siswa terhadap peningkatan kemampuan komunikasi matematis dan self-efficacy matematis, dan (3) proses penyelesaian komunikasi matematis siswa yang menggunakan pendekatan pembelajaran matematika realistik lebih baik dari pendekatan konvensional. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa PMR lebih baik dari pendekatan matematika konvensional dalam meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasi dan self-efficacy matematis siswa.Improvement of Students’ Mathematical Communication Skills and Self-Efficacy through the Realistic Mathematics Learning ApproachAbstractThis study aims to determine the improvement of students' mathematical communication skills and self-efficacy through a realistic mathematics learning approach (PMR). This research uses a quantitative research approach with quasi-experimental methods. The samples used in each research were 30 students (experimental class) and 30 students (control class) in elementary schools in several schools around the city of Rantauprapat. The results of this study indicate that (1) an increase in mathematical communication skills of students who are given a realistic approach is higher than students who are given conventional learning, (2) there is an interaction between learning approaches with students' initial ability to improve mathematical communication skills and mathematical self-efficacy, and (3) the process of solving students' mathematical communication using a realistic mathematics learning approach is better than the conventional approach. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that PMR is better than conventional mathematical approaches in improving students' mathematical communication skills and self-efficacy.
Marlina Siregar, Benyamin Situmorang, R. Rohana, Panggih Nur Adi, Mila Nirmala Sari Hasibuan, Reni Kartikaningsih
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 119-125; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.190

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan pola hubungan antar variabel yang dilibatkan berdasarkan data empirik yang dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan instrumen yang dikembangkan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatuf yang dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Labuhanbatu selama 4 (empat) bulan terhitung mulai Juli 2019 hingga Oktober 2019. Adapun Populasi target dalam penelitian ini adalah kepala Sekolah Dasar Negeri di Kabupaten Labuhanbatu sebanyak 241 sekolah. Instrumen yang digunakan mengumpulkan data variabel perilaku inovatif, dikembangkan dan diuji cobakan terlebih dahulu untuk menguji validitas dan reliabilitasnya sedangkan variabel kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah menggunakan instrumen yang telah ada yang diambil dari dokumen milik Dinas Pendidikan sehingga tidak dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas. Hasil dari penelitian ini diketahui dari hasil olah data perilaku inovatif kepala sekolah diperoleh nilai Mean = 68.37 dan Standar Deviasi = 13.739. Untuk mengidentifikasi kecenderungan atau pengkategorian tingkatan perilaku inovatif kepala sekolah berdasarkan nilai mean dan standar deviasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa Perilaku Inovatif berpengaruh terhadap Kompetensi Manajerial.The Effect of Innovative Behavior on Managerial Competence of Primary School Principals in Labuhan Batu DistrictAbstractThis study aims to describe the pattern of relationships between variables involved based on empirical data collected using the developed instrument. This research is a quality study conducted in Labuhanbatu Regency for 4 (four) months from July 2019 to October 2019. The target population in this study is the Principal of State Elementary Schools in Labuhanbatu Regency as many as 241 schools. The instrument used to collect innovative behavioral variable data was developed and tested first to test its validity and reliability while the managerial competency variable of principals used existing instruments taken from documents belonging to the Department of Education so that validity and reliability tests were not carried out. The results of this study are known from the results of the school principal's innovative behavior data obtained by the Mean value = 68.37 and Standard Deviation = 13.739. To identify trends or categorizing the level of innovative behavior of principals based on the mean and standard deviation. Based on the results of this study concluded that Innovative Behavior affects Managerial Competence.
Dian Puspita Anggraini, Devita Sulistiana, Dwi Kameluh Agustina, Almira Ulimaz
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 112-118; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.170

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The purpose of study was to determine kinetic parameters and inhibitory effect of Mg2+ ions on pectinase. Activity test performed at pH 4,5 temperature 55oC for 50' with 10 mm concentrations of each ion 0-10mm. Galacturonic acid content, as product of pectin substrate hydrolysis, was used as basis for determining activity and analyzed by visible spectrophotometry. At concentrations 2 and 4 mm Mg2+ act as an activator, but at concentrations 6, 8, and 10 mM as inhibitors. The value of KM with and without inhibitors is almost same, that is 0.3145% and 0.3105% but value of Vm from both are different, that is 80,645 μg.ml-1.minute-1 and 62,112 μg.ml-1.minute-1. The conclusion that type of inhibitory pectinase with Mg2+ is a non-competitive inhibition. The inhibition constant value (Ki) is 26,84.
N. Nasruddin, Sufri Mashuri, Umi Nafiah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 80-94; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.169

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Penelitian ini bertujuan meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika dengan penerapan pendekatan penemuan terbimbing yang dilaksanakan di kelas VIIC SMPN 1 Loea. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) dengan 27 siswa kelas VIIC SMPN 1 Loea sebagai subjek penelitian. Prosedur PTK pada penelitian ini terdiri atas planning, implementating, observating, dan reflection. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar matematika pada materi segitiga mengalami peningkatan setelah dilakukan tes akhir. Pada siklus pertama, persentase keterlaksanaan skenario pembelajaran sebesar 81,25%, sedangkan rata-rata hasil belajar sebesar 72,96 dengan persentase ketuntasan sebesar 66,67%. Pada siklus kedua, persentase keterlaksanaan pembelajaran sebesar 100%, sedangkan rata-rata hasil belajar sebesar 81,25 dengan persentase ketuntasan sebesar 88,89%. Bedasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan pendekatan penemuan terbimbing dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika siswa.Improvement of Mathematics Learning Outcomes in Triangle Material Through Guided Discovery Approaches of Middle School StudentsAbstractThis study aims to improve mathematics learning outcomes by applying the guided discovery approach implemented in the VIIC class at SMPN 1 Loea. This research is a classroom action research (CAR) with 27 VIIC grade students at SMPN 1 Loea as research subjects. CAR procedures in this study consisted of planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. The results showed that mathematics learning outcomes in the triangle material increased after the final test. In the first cycle, the percentage of feasibility learning scenarios was 81.25%, while the average learning outcome was 72.96 with a percentage of completeness of 66.67%. In the second cycle, the percentage of the feasibility of learning was 100%, while the average learning outcome was 81.25 with a percentage of completeness of 88.89%. Based on the results of these studies it can be concluded that the application of the guided discovery approach can improve student mathematics learning outcomes.
Mahzin Ali Akbar, H. Hikmawati, Joni Rokhmat
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 105-111; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.142

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh model Guided Inquiry Learning terhadap hasil belajar siswa SMA di SMAN 1 Pringgarata. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian eksperimen semu dengan desain penelitian yaitu pretest-postest control group design. Teknik cluster random sampling digunakan untuk menentukan sampel peneltian di mana, kelas X IPA 3 sebagai kelas eksperimen (21 siswa) yang dibelajarkan menggunakan model Guided Inquiry Learning dan kelas X IPA 2 sebagai kelas kontrol (20 siswa) yang dibelajarkan menggunakan pembelajaran langsung. Instrumen tes berupa pilihan ganda sebanyak 30 item soal digunakan untuk mengukur hasil belajar siswa yang diberikan sebelum dan sesudah pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai rata-rata pretest kelas eksperimen sebesar 30,10 dan kelas kontrol sebesar 33,20 sedangkan nilai rata-rata post-test kelas eksperimen sebesar 80,57 dan kelas kontrol sebesar 75,60. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan uji-t dengan taraf signifikan 5%, diperoleh hasil t-hitung sebesar (4,12) > t-tabel sebesar (2,02), sehingga H0 ditolak. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa model Guided Inquiry Learning berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar siswa SMA di SMAN 1 Pringgarata.The Effect of Guided Inquiry Learning Model on Student Learning Outcomes at SMAN 1 PringgarataAbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Guided Inquiry Learning model on high school students’ learning outcomes at SMAN 1 Pringgarata. The quasi-experimental research with pretest-posttest control group design was used on this study. The cluster random sampling technique was used to determine the research sample in which, Class X IPA 3 as an experimental class (21 students) were taught using the Guided Inquiry Learning model and Class X IPA 2 as a control class (20 students) that were learned using direct learning. The 30-item multiple choice test instrument was used to measure student learning outcomes given before and after learning. The results showed that the average value of the experimental class pretest was 30.10 and the control class was 33.20 while the post-test mean value of the experimental class was 80.57 and the control class was 75.60. The results of statistical tests using the t-test with a significance level of 5%, the results obtained t-test of (4.12)> t-table of (2.02), so that H0 is rejected. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the Guided Inquiry Learning model effect on high school students’ learning outcomes at SMAN 1 Pringgarata.
M. Risco Indra Riawan, S. Sukamto, Ervina Eka Subekti
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 95-104; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.193

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Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan keefektifan media pembelajaran Buku Aktivitas Peta Si Pintar (Petualangan di Taman Musik Pintar) dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa kelas 1 SDN Bugangan 01 Semarang pada materi Tema 2 Kegemaranku, Subtema 2 Gemar Bernyanyi dan Menari. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan rancangan Pre-Experimental Design dengan One-Group pretest-posttest Design. Data penelitian didapatkan menggunakan instrumen berbentuk angket dan soal evaluasi yang telah dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) motivasi belajar meningkat skor rata-rata sebelum perlakuan 78,7 dan setelah diberi perlakuan naik menjadi 96,9, (2) Pada hasil soal pretest diperoleh nilai rata-rata sebesar 65,65 dan soal posttest naik menjadi 92,1. Sehingga diperoleh hasil regresi dengan skor r²=0,0022. Hasil penelitian tersebut membuktikan bahwa salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi prestasi siswa adalah motivasi belajar. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan media pembelajaran Peta Si Pintar (Petualangan di Taman Musik Pintar) dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa kelas I SDN Bugangan 01 Semarang.The Effectiveness of Si Pintar Map Activity Book Learning Media to Increase Student Learning MotivationAbstractThe purpose of this study was to describe the effectiveness of Si Pintar Map Activity Book learning media (Adventure in the Smart Music Park) in increasing student motivation in class 1 at SDN Bugangan 01 Semarang on the subject matter 2 My Favorite, sub-theme 2 Singing and Dancing Favors. This research uses a quantitative approach with a Pre-Experimental Design with One-Group pretest-posttest Design. The research data were obtained using a questionnaire instrument and evaluation questions that were declared valid and reliable. The results showed (1) learning motivation increased the average score before treatment 78.7 and after being given treatment rose to 96.9, (2) the results of the pretest questions obtained an average value of 65.65 and posttest questions rose to 92 , 1. So that the regression results obtained with a score of r² = 0.0022. The results of the study prove that one of the factors that influence student achievement is learning motivation. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the use of Si Pintar Map Activity Book learning media (Adventure in the Smart Music Park) can increase student motivation in class I SDN Bugangan 01 Semarang.
M. Maulidin, Herman Syah, Intan Primayanti
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 126-133; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i2.199

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh dari gaya mengajar komando dengan gaya inklusi dan koordinasi mata-tangan terhadap keterampilan dasar forehand tenis. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian experimen dengan desain faktorial 2 x 2. Sampel terdiri dari 48 Mahasiswa putra program studi olahraga yang sesuai dengan kreterian mampu melakukan pukulan forehand, kemudian dilakukan tes Koordinasi mata-tangan, selanjutnya diurutkan berdasarkan skor tertinggi dan terendah diambil 27% kelompok atas dan 27% kelompok bawah, masing-masing dibagi menjadi empat kelompok, masing-masing terdiri dari 12 mahasiswa. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis varians dua jalur (ANOVA) dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Tukey pada tingkat signifikansi α = 0.05. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) gaya komando memberikan pengaruh yang lebih besar dari pada gaya Inklusi, (2) terdapat interaksi antara gaya mengajar dan koordinasi mata-tangan, (3) pada koordinasi mata-tangan tinggi, gaya komando memberikan pengaruh yang lebih besar daripada gaya inklusi, dan (4) pada koordinasi mata-tangan rendah, tidak terjadi perbedaan pengaruh yang berarti antara gaya komando dengan gaya inklusi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa gaya mengajar dan koordinasi mata-tangan berpengatuh terhadap keterampilan forehand tenis lapangan.The Effects of Teaching Style and Hand-Eye Coordination on Basic Forehand Tennis SkillsAbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the effect of command teaching style with inclusion style and eye-hand coordination on the basic skills of tennis forehand. This research is an experimental research with a 2 x 2 factorial design. The sample consisted of 48 male students of sports studies programs that are in accordance with criteria capable of making a forehand, then conducted a hand-eye coordination test, then sorted by the highest and lowest scores taken 27% of the upper group and 27% of the lower group, each divided into four groups, each consisting of 12 students. Data analysis technique used two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and then followed by Tukey's test at the significance level α = 0.05. The results of this study indicate that (1) the command style gives a greater influence than the Inclusion style, (2) there is an interaction between teaching style and eye-hand coordination, (3) on high eye-hand coordination, the command style gives more influence greater than the inclusion style, and (4) in low hand-eye coordination, there is no significant difference in influence between the command style and the inclusion style. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the teaching style and eye-hand coordination are subject to field tennis forehand skills.
, I. Indriaturrahmi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.165

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang bangun e-modul, mengembangkan serta menguji kelayakan e-modul mata pelajaran bahasa Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan di MAN 1 Lombok Tengah dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak 32 orang kelas 10 semester I. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian dan pengembangan dengan model ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation And Evaluation). Uji kelayakan e-modul dilakukan oleh 2 orang ahli (1 ahli materi dan 1 ahli media) dan siswa. Ahli media menguji kelayakan aplikasi e-modul dan ahli materi menguji kedalaman materi bahasa indonesia, sedangkan siswa memberikan respon setelah menggunakan e-modul. Berdasarkan hasil uji kelayaakan maka diperoleh bahwa ahli media dan ahli materi menyatakan e-modul layak digunakan (ahli media= 87,5% dan ahli materi= 96,31%), sedangkan siswa merespon positif (87,7%). Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa e-modul mata pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia yang dikembangkan sangat layak sebagai sumber belajar untuk diterapkan pada siswa.Development of e-modules as Learning Resources for Indonesian Language Subjects Class X MAN 1 Central LombokAbstractThis research aims to design e-modules, develop and test the feasibility of e-modules for Indonesian subjects. This research was conducted in MAN 1 Central Lombok with 32 class 10 semester I research subjects. The research method used was research and development with the ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation). The e-module feasibility test was conducted by 2 experts (1 material expert and 1 media expert) and students. Media experts test the appropriateness of e-module applications and material experts test the depth of Indonesian language material, while students respond after using e-modules. Based on the results of the feasibility test, it was found that the media expert and material expert stated that the e-module was appropriate (media expert = 87.5% and material expert = 96.31%), while students responded positively (87.7%). Based on these results it can be concluded that the e-module of Indonesian subjects developed is very feasible as a learning resource to be applied to students.
, M. Mujiburrahman, Rudi Hariawan
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.200

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Artikel ini bertujuan untuk memeberikan deskripsi tentang (1) Penangan manajemen bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami yang baik, dan (2) mitigasi bencana melaui pendidikan anak dini dengan menggunakan pendekatan pembelajaran model PURINA. Analisis data menggunakan studi pustka yang telah tersedia dari berbagai literature cetak dan online. Hasil studi menyimpulkan bahwa; (1) manajemen bencana yang baik dapat dilakukan dengan tiga tahap, yaitu; tahap planning pra-bencana, dimaksudkan untuk meningkatkan kesiap-siagaan aturan, alat, fisik dan mental masyarakat terdampak; tahap implementation saat peristiwa terjadi, damkasudkan untuk melakukan penyelamatan sesuai dengan standar operasional yang ditetapkan; dan tahap recovery pasca-bencana, dimaksudkan untuk melakukan pemulihan fisik dan mental masyarakat terdampak; (2) Penguatan manajemen bencana melaui pendidikan sejak dini dalam bentuk penerapan kurikulum pembelajaran kebencanaan di tingkat satuan PAUD.Disaster Mitigation Management in Early Childhood Education Units for Disaster and Earthquake Disaster Risk ReductionAbstractThis article aims to provide a description of (1) Good management of earthquake and tsunami disasters, and (2) disaster mitigation through early childhood education using the PURINA model learning approach. Data analysis using literature studies that have been available from various printed and online literature. The study results concluded that; (1) good disaster management can be done in three stages, namely; pre-disaster planning stage, intended to improve the preparedness of the rules, tools, physical and mental impact of the affected community; implementation phase when the event occurs, damkudkan to rescue in accordance with established operational standards; and the post-disaster recovery stage, intended to carry out physical and mental recovery of the affected community; and (2) Strengthening disaster management through early education in the form of implementing disaster learning curriculum at the level of early childhood education units.
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.205

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kinerja guru biologi terhadap prestasi belajar siswa SMA. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian survei. Sampelnya adalah guru biologi yang mengajar kelas X dan XI berjumlah 20 orang, setiap guru memilih satu kelas untuk sampel. Pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan tes. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif regresi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh signifikan antara kinerja guru terhadap prestasi belajar siswa.The Effect of Biology Teacher Performance on Senior High School Students' Learning Achievements in Southwest Sumba DistrictAbstractThis study aims to find out the effect between biology teachers performances and students learning achievements of senior high school (SHS). The sample consisted of biology teachers teaching in Grades X and XI with a total of 20 teachers and students of Grades X and XI. The data were collected through questionnaires and tests. The data were analyzed by means of the regresi analisis technique. The results of the path analysis show that there is a significant effect between biology teachers performances and students learning achievement.
, Dadi Rusdiana, Ida Kaniawati, Sparisoma Viridi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.179

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendesain kegiatan pembelajaran yang berorientasi pada keterampilan kerja ilmiah, pengelolaan alat musik tradisional dan pengelolaan perangkat teknologi digital sebagai sumber belajar melalui matakuliah gelombang, selain itu mengetahui tingkat keterlaksanaan pembelajaran, dan respon mahasiswa terhadap desain kegiatan pembelajaran yang diterapkan. Desain pembelajaran dilakukan dengan cara studi literatur dan studi kasus pada sejumlah kelompok belajar (19 orang mahasiswa) calon guru fisika. Aspek-aspek desain dan keterlaksanaan pembelajaran dievaluasi berdasarkan pengamatan dan respon mahasiswa menggunakan lembar observasi serta kuisioner, sedangkan tanggapan responden dianalisis secara deskriptif berdasarkan rating scale. Orientasi desain pembelajaran gelombang dalam penelitian ini adalah menghubungkan sains dengan teknologi dan masyarakat, mengintegrasikan konten dengan proses penyelidikan ilmiah serta sumber belajar yang kontekstual dengan objek atau peristiwa yang dekat dengan mahasiswa, sekaligus dapat membentuk nilai-nilai budaya. Secara umum setiap aspek dalam desain perkuliahan dapat terlaksana sepenuhnya, dengan rata-rata 98,12%. Sementara itu respon mahasiswa terhadap desain pembelajaran dapat diterima secara positif untuk setiap aspek dari implementasi program pembelajaran dengan skor rata-rata 399,91 (S). Disimpulkan bahwa desain perkuliahan yang dibangun dicirikan oleh sintaks yang meliputi kegiatan awal, eksplorasi, pemfokusan, penyelidikan/inkuiri, elaborasi, konfirmasi, dan kegiatan akhir/penutup, sedangkan sumber belajar melibatkan alat musik tradisional, komputer dan smartphone. Desain pembelajaran dapat mengembangkan kualitas ilmiah mahasiswa calon guru fisika yang diindikasikacn oleh porsentase keterlaksanaan yang mencapai target dan respon positif mahasiswa setelah diterapkannya dalam kegiatan perkuliahan.Design of Wave Learning to Form Prospective Students of Physics Teachers who are Skilled, Cultured and Literacy of Digital TechnologyAbstractThe purpose of this study is to design learning activities oriented to scientific performance, management of traditional music instruments and digital technology devices as a source of learning on wave courses, knowing the profile of the implementation of learning, and student responses to the design of learning activities that are applied. Learning design is done by means of literature studies and case studies in groups (19 students) prospective physics teachers. The aspects of design and implementation of learning are evaluated based on observations and responses of students using observation sheets and questionnaires, while respondents responses are analyzed descriptively based on rating scale. The orientation of the wave learning design in this research is connecting science with technology and culture, integrating content with scientific inquiry processes and learning resources that are contextual with objects or events that are close to students, as well as forming cultural values. In general, every aspect in the design of lectures can be fully implemented, with an average of 98.12%. Meanwhile student responses to learning designs can be positively received for every aspect of the implementation of learning programs with an average score of 399.91 (S). It was concluded that the learning design that was built was characterized by syntax which included initial activities, exploration, focusing, inquiry, elaboration, confirmation, and closing section activities, while learning resources involved traditional musical instruments, computers and smartphones. The learning design can develop the scientific quality of the prospective physics teacher students as indicated by the percentage of accomplishment that reaches the target and the positive response of students after applying it in lecture activities.
, Al Asri, Atin Mujizatin
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.197

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kepraktisan dan keefektifan perangkat pembelajaran IPA SMP yang dikembangkan berorientasi pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing berbantuan strategi concept mapping untuk meningkatkan penguasaan konsep pada materi kalor di siswa SMP. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan rancangan uji coba one group pretest-posttest. Perangkat pembelajaran yang diimplementasikan dalam penelitian ini meliputi Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP), Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS), Buku Siswa, dan Lembar Penilaian (LP). Subyek penelitian adalah 10 siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 19 Surabaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) kepraktisan perangkat pembelajaran yang ditinjau dari keterlaksanaan pembelajaran berkategori baik, aktivitas siswa paling dominan adalah proses memecahkan masalah, serta respons siswa terhadap pembelajaran dinyatakan positif dan (2) keefektifan perangkat pembelajaran yang ditinjau dari ketuntasan hasil belajar produk, proses, dan psikomotor berkategori tuntas, perilaku berkarakter dan keterampilan sosial berkategori baik. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran IPA SMP yang digunakan praktis, dan efektif) untuk meningkatkan penguasaan konsep siswa SMP pada materi kalor.The Effectiveness of Learning Tools with Guided Inquiry Model Assisted by Concept Map Strategies to Improve Concept MasteryAbstractThis study aims to describe the practicality and effectiveness of the Junior High School natural learning learning tools that are developed oriented towards guided inquiry learning assisted with concept mapping strategies to improve the mastery of concepts in heat material in junior high school students. This research is a descriptive study with a one group pretest-posttest trial design. The learning tools implemented in this study include the Learning Implementation Plan (RPP), Student Worksheets (LKS), Student Books, and Assessment Sheets (LP). The research subjects were 10 grade VII students of SMP Negeri 19 Surabaya. The results showed that (1) the practicality of learning devices in terms of good learning implementation, the most dominant student activity was the process of solving problems, and students' responses to learning were positive and (2) the effectiveness of learning devices in terms of completeness of learning outcomes of products, processes , and psychomotor categorized as complete, characterized by good behavior and social skills. Based on the results of these studies it can be concluded that the science learning tools of junior high school that are used practically, and effectively) to improve the mastery of the concept of junior high school students on heat material.
Ibnu Dwi Kustadiyono
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.180

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah meningkatkan hasil belajar IPA pada siswa melalui penerapan model inquiry dengan media diorama yang mempunyai ciri memberikan stimulus atau rangsangan, pengajuan hipotesis, pengumpulan data, dan presentasi. Penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) dengan dua siklus pelaksanaan dengan tahap-tahap (1) perencanaan tindakan, (2) pelaksanaan tindakan, (3) observasi dan (4) refleksi dilakukan dalam penelitian ini. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah 26 siswa kelas VII-1 SMPN 1 Taliwang Sumbawa Barat dengan materi ajar Klasifikasi Makhluk Hidup khususnya Hewan. Instrumen penelitian berupa lembar observasi guru, lembar observasi siswa, dan tes evaluasi digunakan dalam penelitian ini untuk mengumpulkan data melalui metode tes, observasi dan dokumentasi. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif untuk menentukan keterlaksanaan pembelajaran dan peningkatan hasil belajar siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan prestasi hasil belajar siswa setelah diberi tindakan pada setiap siklus pelaksanaan dalam penelitian ini. Berdsarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa model inquiry dengan media diorama dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa.Model Inquiry with Media Diorama to Improve Student Learning OutcomesAbstractThe purpose of this study is to improve student learning outcomes of science through the application of inquiry models with diorama media that have the characteristics of providing stimulus or stimulation, submission of hypotheses, data collection, and presentations. Classroom action research (CAR) with two cycles of implementation with stages (1) action planning, (2) action implementation, (3) observation and (4) reflection conducted in this study. Subjects in this study were 26 students of class VII-1 SMPN 1 Taliwang Barat West Sumbawa with teaching material Classification of Living Things, especially Animals. Research instruments in the form of teacher observation sheets, student observation sheets, and evaluation tests were used in this study to collect data through the test, observation and documentation methods. The research data were analyzed descriptively to determine the effectiveness of learning and improvement of student learning outcomes. The results showed an increase in student learning achievement after being given action in each cycle of implementation in this study. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the inquiry model with diorama media can improve student learning outcomes.
Ni Nyoman Sri Putu Verawati, W. Wahyudi, Syahrial Ayub
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.151

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Mengajar berpikir kritis kepada mahasiswa calon guru telah menjadi perhatian dalam beberapa dekade terakhir dan pembelajaran menggunakan model yang spesifik mempromosikan berpikir kritis mahasiswa calon guru penting dikonduksikan dan dieksplorasi dampaknya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi efek model pembelajaran Inquiry-Creative-Proces (ICP) terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis pada mahasiswa calon guru. Penelitian eksperimen dengan desain one group pretest-posttest dikonduksikan, melibatkan 16 mahasiswa calon guru fisika di Universitas Mataram sebagai sampel penelitian. Kemampuan berpikir kritis diukur menggunakan instrumen tes sebanyak 8 item soal essay. Instrumen tes yang digunakan telah teruji validitas dan reliabilitasnya. Data kemampuan berpikir kritis dianalisis secara deskriptif dan statistik di mana uji homogenitas, uji normalitas, dan uji-t dikonduksikan. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa model pembelajaran ICP berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis mahasiswa calon guru.The Effect of Inquiry-Creative-Process Learning Model (ICP) on Prospective Teacher Students Critical Thinking AbilityAbstractTeaching critical thinking to prospective teacher has been a concern in the last few decades and learning using specific models to train critical thinking prospective teachers is important to be conditioned and explored their impact. This study aims to explore the effect of Inquiry-Creative-Process (ICP) learning model on prospective teachers critical thinking ability. The experimental research with one group pretest-posttest design was conducted, involving 16 physics prospective teachers at Universitas Mataram as a research sample. Critical thinking ability were measured using 8 essay test items. The test instrument used has been tested for validity and reliability. The data of critical thinking ability were analyzed descriptively and statistically where homogeneity test, normality test, and t-test are conducted. The results showed that the ICP learning model affected to the prospective teachers critical thinking ability.
Yohanes Bare, Mansur S, Sri Sulystyaningsih Natalia Daeng Tiring, Dewi Ratih Tirto Sari, Andri Maulidi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i1.157

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JNK adalah gen yang berperan dalam metabolisme DMT2. Dalam pengobatan T2DM digunakan JNK sebagai potensi terapi dengan menggunakan bahan alam. 8-shogaol adalah komponen kimia yang terkandung dalam jahe yang memiliki aktivitas antioksidan. Tujuan dari penelitina ini adalah menginversitagasi dan menganalisis peran 8-shogaol terhadap JNK. Protein JNK (ID: 464Y) diperoleh dari Protein Data Bank dan ligan 8-shogaol (CID:6442560 ) didapat dari pubchem. Ligan dan protein didocking menggunakan Hex 8.0.0. File dalam bentuk pdb divisualtisasi dan analisis menggunakan Discovery Studio Client 4.1 software. Interaksi ligan-protein menunjukan ikatan hidrogen pada residu asam amino LYS93 dan van der Waals pada 18 residu asam amino dengan energi ikatan-289.68cal/mol. Interkasi ini berpotensi sebagai penghambat kerja JNK dan dapat digunakan dalam terapi DMT2.Virtual screening: potential prediction of 8-shogaol againts c-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (JNK)AbstractJNK is one of gene that has a role in T2DM condition. To curve T2DM use JNK as potential healing using natural compounds. Eight-shogaol which found in ginger has function as a antioxidant.. The aim of the research is to investigate and analyze role 8-shogaol againts JNK. Protein JNK (ID: 464Y) was taken from Protein Data Bank and ligand 8-shogaol (CID:6442560 ) acquired from pubchem. Ligand and protein model were docked using Hex 8.0.0 software. Visualization and analysis molecular interactions by the Discovery Studio Client 4.1 software. Interaction ligand-protein showed one hydrogen bond in amino acid residue LYS93 and formed van der Waals in eighteen amino acid residues which energy binding -289.68cal/mol. This interaction has a potential to inhibit JNK role and lead to therapy T2DM.
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 3; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.128

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[Title: Higher Order Thinking Skills Assessment]. At present, the scope of transformation seems endless, from cars that park themselves without drivers to the production of cars on location through 3D printing. The wearable technology is controlled by the human mind. The coming era of individuals who can face the complexities of life are individuals who have competencies that cannot be replaced by robots, such as empathy, inspiring skills, and higher-order thinking skills. Severe challenges for education to prepare students to become workers who can adapt to new tasks and processes can be overcome by practising higher-order thinking skills. Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) can be trained in schools through the application of constructivist-based learning models. In education, interrelated models, goals, and assessments are called triangle education anchors. Thus, if you want to learn objectives to achieve higher-order thinking skills, then the implementation of learning (models) and their measurement (assessment) must be managed to achieve these goals.
, Irfan Irfan, Nurnazmi Nurnazmi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 3; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.140

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[Title: The Integrated of The Nations Characters Based on The Scientific Approach in the Lesson Plan of Social Science at SMPN in Sape Regions, Bima]. The rage of students delinquency that happens at Sape district, so the SMPN commit some efforts in designing the lesson plan of social science based on the scientific approach.The research aims to describe the integrity of the nations characters based on the scientific approach in social science planning at SMPN in Sape Regions, Bima. The study uses the descriptive qualitative approach. The subjects of the research are The headmaster, vice-headmaster and 6 teachers of IPS that are chosen purposively sampling. The instruments that are used: interview guide and documents. The technical analysis data that are used: reduction, display and verification. The testing of the data validity using the triangle source and tehcnics. The results results shows is sufficiently reprentative incarryng the values of nations characters in each level of RPP that made are the characteristic determinant of the achievement competency, the purpose of the study, learning methods, and technical evaluation of leraning in which continued by the program over the study result. Based on the results study, can be concluded thet the set of equipments which have been arranged have shown the learning activity by using the scientific approach and by integriting the characteristic values in every its component.
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 3; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.126

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[Title: The 21st Century Innovative Learning]. The 21st-century education paradigm has experienced a shift marked by differences in learning orientations. The learning of the previous century emphasized literacy in reading, writing, and mathematics, wherein the 21st century they were used as the basis for developing new literacy, namely human, data and technological literacy which is very important to face the current and future globalization era. Innovative learning in the 21st century is oriented towards activities to practice essential skills according to the framework for 21st-century skills, namely life and career skills, innovation and learning skills, and information, media and ICT skills. Learning characteristics to train these essential skills, lead to learning processes that are interactive, holistic, integrative, scientific, contextual, thematic, effective, collaborative, and student-centred so that in their implementation educators can design activities by selecting learning methods/models that can accommodate overall characteristics are comprehensive. Assessment in 21st century learning is compiled and developed to measure student learning achievement which includes knowledge competencies (critical thinking and problem solving, creativity and innovation, collaboration, communication), intrapersonal competencies (work skills in teams, collaboration, communication, cooperation, and coordination), and interpersonal competence (the ability to work with others such as the ability to self-management, cooperation, effective communication, and the ability to maintain relationships with others emotionally). Thus, innovative learning in the 21st century creates human resources that are literate with information, data and technology that are needed to face the competition for life and the labour market in the current and future globalization era.
, Ida Royani
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 3; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.152

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[Title: Development of Student Worksheets based on Practicum with Direct Learning Models to Improve Students' Science Process Skills]. This research aims to develop student worksheets based on practicum with direct learning models that valid, practical and effective to improve students' science process skills. This research is a development study using 4D stages with the subject of 30 students of class X1 IPA1 MAPK Syeh Zainuddin Anjani. The developed student worksheet was validated by three competent validators using validation sheets. The practicalities of the worksheets developed were measured using student response questionnaires, while the effectiveness of worksheets was measured using an observation sheet of students' science process skills by two observers. Research data were analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The results showed that the student worksheets with tissue culture material were quite valid (a score of 3.9), the students' responses after learning showed a high percentage with a very strong category (81%-100%), while the students' process skills improved at each meeting in the good category. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the student worksheets based on practicum with direct learning models were valid, practical, and effective to improve the students science process skills of MAPK Syeh Zainuddin Anjani.
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 3; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.125

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[Title: The 21st Century Skills Integration on Character Education]. Various cases carried out by teenagers require serious handling with a variety of strategies, including through character education. Character education does not mean reducing or replacing "traditional" educational goals such as the accumulation of knowledge and the development of intellectual and practical abilities. Character education is carried out integrated into every subject and requires the support of all parties: parents, teachers, schools, education staff, the daily community of students and of course the government. The development of character can be understood in a model, including the Neo-Aristotelian Model. Good character education will not only affect well being and good character, but also good academic ability. Character education is not something new, and it is not separated from the 21st-century skill-building needed today.
Suhirman Suhirman
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 3; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.153

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[Title: Contextualization of Learning with Biological Objects, Its Effect on Student Skills Planning Learning]. This study aims to describe the impact of the contextualization of learning with biological objects on learning planning skills. This type of quantitative descriptive research with quasi-experimental methods, research design posttest-only control design. Cluster random sampling is carried out in determining the research sample consisting of 80 experimental and control classes in the sixth semester of the Department of Natural Sciences of Biology, FTK UIN Mataram. Student skills planning data for learning are collected with a performance test instrument then analyzed by t statistics. The results showed that the average value of the experimental class 65.70 was lower than the control class 69.13 (p = 0.143> 0.05, meaning that it did not differ significantly. Thus the contextualization of learning with biological objects did not have a significant impact on student skills in planning to learn. The planning of learning biology can be done by students even though they are not dealing directly with the real object of biology.
Muhaiminul Azizah, Syifaul Gummah, Baiq Azmi Sukroyanti
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 2; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v2i2.113

Abstract:
[Title: The Implementation of the Cooperative Learning Model with Jingle Button Techniques to Increase Student Activities]. This study aims to improve the learning activities of students of class VIII Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs) NW SIKUR by applying cooperative learning models of clanging button techniques. This type of research is a classroom action research conducted in 2 cycles. The subjects in this study were students of class VIII MTs NW SIKUR, amounting to 37 people. Student and teacher learning activity data is collected through observation sheets. From the results of the study, it was found that the total score of student activity in the 2 cycles always increased. In cycle, I the score of student activity was 2.88 with the category of quite active while in cycle II the score of student activity was 3.41 with the active category. Based on the overall results of this study it can be concluded that the application of the clanking button learning cooperative model can increase the learning activities of students of class VIII Madrasah Tsanawiyah NW SIKUR in the academic year 2017/2018.
, Taufik Samsuri, Hunaepi Hunaepi, Baiq Mirawati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 2; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v2i2.77

Abstract:
[Title: The Conceptual Profile of Prospective Biology Teacher FPMIPA IKIP Mataram]. The conceptual profile is a tool for analyzing the style or process of thinking, so the profile of understanding concepts is very important to study as a basis for designing and improving the quality of learning. This research is a descriptive study that aims to identify and explain the conceptual profile of prospective biology teacher FPMIPA IKIP Mataram. The subjects in this study included all biology students who regularly program evolutionary courses. The open-ended question is designed to collect conceptual profile data on the evolutionary biology students from FPMIPA IKIP Mataram. Identification or determination of conceptual profile is based on student responses or answers. Based on the results of the research and the limitations of the discussion, it is recommended that the development of textbooks that are free of misconception as a learning resource for valid biology prospective teacher, then lecturers as instructors, continue to study and teach about attitude, namely scientific attitudes, or thinking dispositions, and/or integrating attitudes in the lecture process. Besides that, in the lecture or learning process, the lecturer must facilitate or empower the style or process of thinking of students with various learning methods or strategies that emphasize thinking processes, including formal reasoning, and analogical teaching strategy.
Dian Esti Pertiwi, Taufik Samsuri,
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 2; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v2i2.114

Abstract:
[Title: Improving Student Cognitive Learning Outcomes using Cooperative Learning Model Type Group Investigation]. The purpose of this study was to improve student cognitive learning outcomes using the Cooperative Learning Model Type Group Investigation in class X MIA 2 students of SMAS NW Mataram in the 2018/2019 academic year. The subjects of this study were 15 students of class X MIA 2. This research is a classroom action research (CAR) consisting of two cycles. Observation sheet of learning implementation is used for each meeting to find out the implementation of learning steps according to the learning implementation plan observed by 2 observers. Test instruments of 20 multiple choice questions and 5 description questions were used in this study to find out the improvement of students' cognitive learning outcomes in each cycle. The results showed the implementation of learning in the cycle I (1) the first meeting reached 63.63% with a good category and the second meeting reached 88.8% with a very good category, (2) the cognitive learning outcomes of students in cycle 1 obtained an average value 59 with the classical completeness value achieved 46% of the incomplete category, while in cycle II (3) the first meeting of the implementation of learning reached 72.72% with a good category (4) the second meeting reached 94.44% with a very good category, and for results cognitive learning students obtained an average value of 72 with a classical completeness value achieved 76%. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the Cooperative Learning Model Type Group Investigation can improve cognitive learning outcomes of class X MIA 2 students of SMAS NW Mataram in the 2018/2019 academic year.
Melkianus Suluh, Jumadi Jumadi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 2; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v2i2.10

Abstract:
[Title: Perception Of Teachers And Students On The Physical Learning Process Based On Curriculum 2013] This study aims to determine: (1) the perception of physics teachers to apply a scientific approach, (2) the perceptions of students on the physics learning process carried out by teachers, (3) the relationship between students' perceptions and the ability of teachers to carry out physics-based learning scientific approach. This research is a survey research using a descriptive correlational approach. The research sample included 18 physics teachers and 494 students spread across 10 Public High Schools in Yogyakarta City which were taken using a purposive sampling technique. Data collection uses questionnaires from teachers and students and observation sheets. The analysis technique uses descriptive analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Research Results (1) The teacher has a very positive perception of the implementation of a scientific approach in scientific learning; (2) Students give a positive response to the process of physics learning carried out by the teacher; (3) There is a positive and significant relationship between the perceptions of students and the ability of teachers to carry out physics learning based on the scientific approach.
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 2; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v2i2.24

Abstract:
[Title: Improving Students' Learning Achievements Using Demonstration Methods on Electrical Material]. This study aims to improve the learning achievement of class VI Elementary School students in electrical materials using the demonstration method. This study is a Classroom Action Research (CAR) with the research subjects being class VI students of Sandik 2 Elementary School totalling 19 students. Formative test instruments on electrical material and observation sheets were used to collect data on student learning achievement and implementation of learning using the demonstration method. The results showed that 80% of the total students had reached 70% of the level of mastery of the concepts given. The results of the observations also show an active and well-functioning learning atmosphere. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the use of demonstration methods can improve student learning achievement on electrical material.
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 2; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v2i2.75

Abstract:
[Title: The Provision of Verbal and Non-verbal Reinforcement to Improve Student Learning Achievement in Heroism and Patriotism Subject Matter]. The purpose of this study is to improve student learning achievement on the heroic and patriotism figures subject matter through the provision of verbal and non-verbal reinforcement. This research is a class action research (CAR) with the subject of the research were class IV students in semester 1 of SDN 2 Sandik, amounting to 28 students. Student learning achievement data were collected using test instruments and analyzed descriptively-qualitatively. The results showed that the student learning achievement in the first cycle was in the medium category (mean = 5.50) increased in the second cycle (mean = 8.25) with the good category. The implementation of learning has also increased in each cycle. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the provision of verbal and non-verbal reinforcement can improve student learning achievement on the heroic and patriotism figures subject matter at SDN 2 Sandik.
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