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Sankar M
Published: 21 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 140-155; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21418

Abstract:
Anthropology is the science of being able to talk about man. There are various disciplines in anthropology. Cultural anthropology is one of them. There are two divisions in this cultural anthropology. One of them is ethnography; The other is Ethnology. Of these, ethnographic research appeared in the early 19th century. Ethnography is the study of all kinds of traditions found in a particular group of people or in a particular area. Those who write this will be called "ethnographers". Ethnography is the study of how a person of a particular culture views his or her culture from that perspective. Today, they are writing about the culture of their people. This is what we call "Tinaisar inavariviyal". Cultural studies also form the basis of ethnographic research. Ethnographic research is helpful in examining the culture of a particular ethnic group. That is why ethnographic research may have laid its scepter in the fields of social anthropology, cultural anthropology and folklore. In Short Ethnography is the process of penetrating the life of a particular ethnic group. In this way one can understand the Civilization and Culture. As we seek to explain a particular group and their culture, we begin to act with certain elements in mind. In that sense Bhagwatsala Bharathi exemplifies 37 elements of ethnography in his Cultural Anthropology. These elements contribute to penetrating the lives of a particular ethnic group. In this way one can understand the civilization and culture of the Peoples. Kuṟiñcittiṇai is one of the four geographical categories referred to as Tolkappiyam. There are 488 poems about in the Sangam literature. The purpose of this article is to evaluate these collections on the basis of Ethnographical Study, with a collection of Sangam literary Kuṟiñcittiṇai Poems. It explores the Material, Cultural, Occupations, Rituals, and Beliefs of the people of Kurinji.
Karthick K, Thiruveni V
Published: 21 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 156-166; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21419

Abstract:
Until the Sangam literary period (till 200 AD), Tamil language was secular and Tamil literature was created with an emphasis on virtue in both internal and external life. After that, religious literature started appearing in Tamil language. Tamil grammar texts are based on literature that appeared in different periods. Thus the “Pulamai ilakkanam” (grammar for scholarliness) composed by Vannacharabam Dantapani swami reveals the literary context that prevailed in the 19th century when he lived. Pulamai ilakkanam shows the author's religiosity and the religious beliefs and devotion in the field of education and literature at that time. Grammar is the rules for creating literature. If so, constructing Tamil scholarliness in relation to a particular religion would be tantamount to narrow down the breadth of the Tamil language. Based on the content of Pulamai ilakkanam and the literary context of the time, this article discusses the dominance of the religions over Tamil literature and the use oflanguage by religions for their development.
Selvakumaran S
Published: 17 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 122-129; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21415

Abstract:
The poems of women poets have recently gone beyond the status of talking about women's life through feminist ideas and speaking of women's liberation. Some people's writings arise based on feminist theoretical definitions. There are differences between theoretical ideas naturally within a work and the creation of a work standing within the theory. If a work is created based solely on theory, it can distort creativity itself. But there are two different conditions, including this tendency, in the poems of modern women poets. They vary depending on the understanding of the poets. This article deals with feminism in the poetic tendencies of contemporary women poets like Lena Manimegalai, Vijayalakshmi, Kuttirevathi, Sugirdharani and others.
Lakshmi Narasimhan K
Published: 17 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 130-134; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21416

Abstract:
Sri Vaishnava Tradition has been considering both Sanskrit and Tamil as its two eyes and hence the scholars were refered as “Ubhaya vedantins” (Knowledgeable in both Tamil and Sanskrit). It is popular belief that Acharyas are very fluent in Vedas, Upanishads and the rest while not so much accustomed to Tamil literature. On the contrary the early Acharyas have excelled in their knowledge of Tamil literature and have used their Tamil vocabulary to enrich their commentaries for Divyaprabandams. From Acharya Ramanuja to present day heads of Vaishnava tradition have maintained that Divyaprabandams have to be revered as “Veda samyam” and often referred to them as “Tamil Marai” (Vedas in Tamil). This essay presents glimpses in to the commentary literature and the life style of Acharyas to throw light into the knowledge and service rendered by Acharyas for the Tamil language
Saratha M, Selvakumaran S
Published: 17 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 135-139; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21417

Abstract:
This Article, The Position of The Tamils of Pondicherry during the French rule, which deals with the short stories of Vishwasan, who is one of the most important tamil short story creators, is based on the short stories of The Cycle, Security, Brother Oro and Business of The Universe. It also examines the difficulties faced by the inequalities of caste and religion and the racist activities of the French rulers, especially when Pondicherry was under the control of the French in the 16th and 19th centuries. This article also deals with the tragic history of the exile of tamil people by using their ignorance and poverty to foreign countries for tea plantation industries.
Murugu Thayanithy
Published: 15 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 108-121; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21414

Abstract:
Literatures have been studied orally before taking written form. History makes it clear that such songs were written during the Sanskrit period. These oral literatures shed light on the life and history of a country and its flaws and serve as a mirror that reveals the cultures, customs, and ancient thoughts of the people. Although the study of folk songs on the world stage has been in vogue for a long time, it came into practice in Tamil Nadu in the 19th century and then came into the study. However, it has not been advanced as a separate discipline in the University of Sri Lanka to date. Instead, the study of folk songs is being carried out in collaboration with the Tamil Department.In the case of Batticaloa Tamil Nadu, the close connection between India and Sri Lanka due to migration, migration and migration from ancient times can be seen from the identification of Tamils as the first and last king of Sri Lanka.Therefore, it is possible to realize that folk songs are widespread among the people of Batticaloa as there was not only Tamil Nadu connection but also Indian national connection. The songs are arranged in the form of Ritual, Rain and Famine, Lullaby, Game, love, Marriage, Family, Community, Relationship and Career, Obpari, Swing, Satire, Mother Songs.These songs explore love songs, present the feeling of love found in them, show how they fit in with the general characteristics found in the literature of Sangala Agathi and reveal aspects of the Batticaloa socio-cultural hierarchy. The gist of the song is not to give a direct meaning, but to explain its essence. They are classified as motherly songs, Fatherly songs, Leader songs, Leader songs, Friend songs, and General songs.
Sudalaimani P
Published: 15 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 83-90; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21411

Abstract:
Exposition (SASATSGS) is a knowledge-based field used to explain the various elements and functions of story description. Morphology is the basis of exposition. The basis of exposition is the subtle units invisible to the language. The expositioners have developed some basic definitions for the creation of panual. The narrative or the story can be constructed by combining the events with the narrative. Through this, the narrator easily reaches the reader. Story programs can be integrated into time and causality. Novelists often rely on programs to build stories. Some people set up story shows in a linear manner in chronological order. Modern novelists have set up programs through causal communication. In this manner, the programmes have been dissolved. The reader with reading experience learns the causal connection and understands the story. Sundara Ramasamy, Jayamohan and Shobashakti have successfully set up the programmes of the story in a time-based series. The reader who reads their novels easily identifies the operating system of the story. In Nakulan's novel Dogs, a causal sequence has been adopted to coordinate the programmes. The reader who reads this could not immediately understand the flow of the story. They are a slightly difficult series. Charu Nivedita's novel 'Dekam' and MG Suresh's 'Spider' are in a causal sequence. Sundara Ramasamy and Shobashakti are seen in their novels in the same programme. Novels are divided into small elements based on the definition review and innovative results are available.
Gunapalasingam V
Published: 15 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 99-107; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21413

Abstract:
The People who have not only multi ethnic, multi -religious and multi -languages in Sri Lanka but also, they follow different beliefs and cultural traditions as well. Hindu and Buddhist religious and cultural traditions are very prominent in Sri Lanka. Even though India is the root cause for the prevailing Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Sri Lanka, both the traditions and its worships and beliefs have unique and independent characteristics different from India. Small deity worship comprises of unique and independent characteristics in Sri Lanka. Small Deity worship in Hindu tradition: Kazhippu ritual, temple ritual, Kumara Deiva worship, Vairava worship, Pathini Amman worship, tree worship, Naga thampiran worship and small deity worship in Buddhist tradition: Thovil, Magapirith, katharagama deio, Bahirava, Pathini Deio, Bothi tree, Maga Naga are compared and identified unique and innovative characteristics among them. In this research, historical method, comparative method and descriptive method have been used. Data gathered from field work are considered as primary sources and data gathered from literature, research articles, manuscripts, etc. considered as secondary sources. Knowing origin and background of Hindu and Buddhist religion, identifying characteristics of small deity worship in Hindu and Buddhist tradition in Sri Lanka, discovering unique and innovative characteristics of small deity worship of Hindu and Buddhist traditions and evaluating values revealed by the two traditions are objectives of the research. Research area for this study is Magoya Divisional Secretary and Eravur Pattu Divisional Secretary. The conclusion of the research is that the small deity worships of the above two traditions fulfills psychological needs of the concerned people and small deity worship beliefs and traditions of Hindu and Buddhist religions will continue for long time.
Jaiganesh B
Published: 15 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 91-98; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21412

Abstract:
Grammatical and linguistic history, like Tamil literary history, has its own antiquity and continuity. Grammatical writings have kept on showing up as the literary writing has increased and changed. Grammatical texts based on the knowledge of literature, the knowledge of the language, or the critical objectives of the language, the literature that appears in that language, later become more closely identified with social history. Numerous grammatical works have appeared in Tamil but many of them do not exist. However, many of the available texts are qualified enough to speak of the grammatical richness of Tamil. With the grammatical richness of a language, it is possible to estimate how ancient the literary richness of that language and the origin of the speakers of that language are. Thus, the numerous grammars available in Tamil serve as evidence for measuring the antiquity of the Tamil language. The origin of grammatical texts is not a linear one, but one that is continually developing to suit the occasions, the blend of dialects, and the progressions in the writing. This change sets the stage for the development of language. Thus, Tamil grammar texts have undergone a series of changes. This article sets out to evaluate the background to the development of nineteenth-century grammar textbooks following the arrival of Europeans, who occupy a significant place in this change.
Narmatha T, Devanan R
Published: 15 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 75-82; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21410

Abstract:
Man cannot live alone. You can only live dependent on relationships. Relationships play a major role in determining a person's development. Every relationship is subject to structure. With protocol. It can be divided into two types. One is family relationships. The other is social relations. In family relationships parents can have relationships like children, siblings, boyfriend girlfriend, husband wife. Social relationships include friends, teachers, students, acquaintances, and strangers. In this, selfless relationships are enduring. This can be seen in the community and family. The Kattunde family runs smoothly through the bond of love. Otherwise, the family would not be where it is today. Childbearing is considered important in family relationships. People considered a life without children to be a useless day. Children born into the world are recognized by their parents. Parents also act as if they have a duty to grow as a responsible person in the community. That is why it is so sweet. Compensation is unparalleled than other relationships. Inseparable. Bound in love. Participating in pleasures and pains. Many generations have passed. The parent-child relationship functions with such a variety of features. Various literatures record this. However, this article only explains the status of parent-child development in the parent-child relationship in the Sivagasindamani epic.
Chandrakumari S
Published: 11 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 58-62; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2148

Abstract:
Proverbs Four Hundred Emphasizing Ethics is the topic of the study. Proverb four hundred says that old sins will go away by doing dharmas. It means doing good deeds in a timely manner. It says that one should not insult a friend among intellectuals, and that such insulting is like insulting ourselves. Wealth that is kept safe should not be put together as big money to help behind. It says that we should give the wealth we have accumulated to others and if we live like that, it will be the great treasure that we will accumulate in the end times. The deeds he has done will benefit one. Surrounding people will not give such an advantage. It is okay to not be able to do beneficial charity for many days. Says do some day. Doing virtue also brings benefits. The proverb says that you will get Motsam as well. Let us attain the Moksha life by doing the proverbial four hundred emphasizing virtue.
Mahadevi N
Published: 11 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 63-74; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2149

Abstract:
Ephigraphs of Kongu Nadu has the Evidence of Women’s Contribution both from Royal Family and poverty-stricken family. Though the disparate regions of Kongu Nadu was ruled by various kings, the evidence of women’s contribution is found only in the Ephigraphs of Pandyas, Cheras, and Cholas. However, women Contribution was at peak during Chozha Period. Women of Royal Clan was provisioned with the ability and rights to maintain and rejuvenate Temples. Devaradiyarkal contributed Gold and coins which stands as a testimony to their social standard. It also reflects their Wealth. The wives of Government officials offered lands as part of their contribution. The evidence of contributions made by lay women could be traced only in the Epigraphs of 12th or 13th Century only. It is believed that women made their contribution with regard to God but the trace of evidence couldn’t be found anywhere. Further, the glimpses on women’s right to property and in addition, their freedom to use their property regardless of any exterior interventions were also been recorded.
M Devi, S Balasubramaniyan
Published: 11 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 50-57; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2147

Abstract:
Various types of literature in Tamil have appeared and developed over time. Literature refines our lives. The literature that appeared in each period is able to reveal the living environment of the people of the respective period. Sangam Literature, Sangam Forgotten Literature, Devotional Literature, Folk Literature, Short Story, Novel, Renewal Poetry, Drama, Prose Literature. In this order his historical literature appears and develops. Her history is a collection of events that took place in a person's life. Traces of his historical literature can be found in the Sangam literature. When he and his friend Kopperuncholan, who was dying in the north, went to die in the north, many witnesses there asked why he had not lost his hair for so long. He has the best character wife in life, and people. He says that the Evelars who do not say what he thinks, and that the king is a good protector. And in our town live many learned, virtuous, well-meaning people with goals and principles. So I don't care. So he says I don't have gray hair. Through this, the news about Pichirantaiyar, his hometown, the witnesses in Avur, the people, the king and the evildoer are revealed. And he records through his songs that he lived a quiet contented life without any problems or interruptions. The above biographical notes are able to know the capital of his historical literature. Autobiography is written by a wide variety of writers, political leaders, scholars, and writers from all walks of life. One of the most significant of these biographies is considered to be that of the poet Ramalingam Pillai. The poet Ramalingam of this book is not only talking about the child's own life. Rather it speaks to the community as well. Because the poet Ramalingam Pillai has expressed in his works that he loved this community and what he experienced in his life. In particular, many of the events under the headings of Prayer, Thirukkural Pride, Gandhi, Nattukkummi, Feminism, Bharathidarshanam can be traced back to his works.
Selvakumaran S, Prabha Joslin K
Published: 11 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 44-49; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2146

Abstract:
Shobashakti is one of the most important migrant creators of today's Eelam. He has created novels including Gorilla, M and BOX. This paper deals with BOX. The new day brings to the fore the geological and social and historical references to the village of Palankulam, the central domain of the story, and the various war-related situations of Eelam. This study reveals them critically. Moreover, the story is told under a separate title from Mayyakakatha to Forty in the novel. In addition, the final version of the story has been set up. Under some headings subsection symmesis sub-copies 1 and 2 are also included. The subsection of the subcopies is centered on the statement of the characters and the textual record of the heart queen and the text language record of Roman Bhaktadas are the new techniques and methods in the new system. They are also discussed in the article.
Venkatesan R,
Published: 4 September 2021
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 32-43; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2145

Abstract:
India is the symbol of spirituality. Yoga is the method of attaining spiritual awareness. Yoga is spreading all over the world in this twentieth century. The ‘Yoga Sutra’ divised by the sage Patanjali who is known as the father of yoga, is seen by most people as the source of the art of yoga. When comparing the Patanjali Yoga Sutra with the Thirumoolar Thirumandiram, both the texts explain Astanga Yoga, Astama Siddhis, Four Padas, Pranava Samadhi and Mukthi. The Yoga Sutra speaks of ten types of samadhi states. Thirumandiram elaborates on thirty types of states of consciousness. Apart from Astanga Yoga, special techniques like Pariyanga Yoga, Chandra Yoga and Kayasiddhi Upayam are also mentioned in the Thirumandiram. Yoga Sutra is a book of 196 songs. Thirumandiram is a very comprehensive book with 3000 songs.
Poongodi A
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 24-31; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2144

Abstract:
Humans carried the ideas that came to their minds to the people through the arts. Artists are those who have the power to express the arts to others through their culture. The role of such artists in the Sangam era was of great importance. Ninga had a place in the kingdom and in the battlefields. In Sangam songs, the words for the artist were Panar, Porunar, Kuiluvar, Vayiriyar, Viraliyar, Kuttar, Kannular and Patiniyar. Although all of these are generic, there is a subtle difference between the names in terms of musical instruments' playing, dancing, and singing skills. Of these, Viraliyar is a feminist and singer. Virali is a performer who leads a nomadic life. Virali, who excelled in receiving gifts, exemplified the success of kings through their arts. The literature shows that they received valuables gifts like mountain, country, gold, jewelers when they sang songs in praise of the kings. In perumpanatrupadaiviralis beauty was lauded from head to toe. The detailed description is present inkesathipatha. From these descriptions we can get to understand their significance. Such a beautiful and elegantviralis transferred intoparaththiyarover a period of time.
Ugin Rositta M
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2141

Abstract:
Tamil world always owe its tribute to Avvai for her scholarly contribution. Desire to do virtue is an iconic statement of this great personality who perceived to be an epistemic advantage. The purpose of this article is to examine her work as a children literary creator and to explore her cognitive success in terms of Educational Philosophy. Her literary contribution plays a major role in identifying the Tamil community as an epistemic community. The pattern of knowledge construction employed by Avvai enhances the individual to explore knowledge, to discover the ultimate truth and establishing virtue. This article is known for its analysis of the literary work and social dialogues chose to add Avvai’s commitment to establishing that education is a way to subdue the senses and achieve reality. This piece of research ignites a spark to future researcher to view Avvai as a social scientist rather than a Tamil scholar with reference to the normative principles established in her work.
Nallamuthu R
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 6-15; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2142

Abstract:
As to impoverished men this present world is not: The ‘graceless’ in you world have neither part nor lot. As the famous poet vazhuvar puts across this thought, we are surrounded and dependenton material possessions in this world. These asserts play a vital role in every stage and every event of our life. The relationship between oneself and the goods is too deep and enigmatic. In no way we withdraw ourselves from these domestic equipments. The materials connected to our everyday life can be tagged domestic products. These asserts help us in understanding and sangam period. On this note, the domestic products and its varieties are widely discussed. The research focuses on differentating these products namely: Domestic things, pottery, jewelleries made of gold, utensils made of stone, iron and bamboo made appliances.
Jeevanandam S
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 89-96; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21312

Abstract:
Caste is an ‘integral component’ of Indian society. Almost all the social groups in Indian subcontinent have their specific rites and rituals. It consolidated them within certain compartmentalized caste category. In this context, there was a custom where girl children were used to dedicate to the ‘Hindu’ temples for the religious service to the deity in the name of devadasi. The system became an important cultural element in the medieval Indian society. The system evolved with its unique functionality in the Indian tradition. The dedicated young girls came from different castes and assigned duties accordingly. However, it was not classified as a separate caste. It became an interesting historical question. This particular paper focused on the devadasi custom and its caste dynamics in the historical past.
Chennappan M
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 108-113; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21315

Abstract:
The development of grammatical literature is constantly changing according to the context in which it appears. On that basis, each of the Tamil grammar books records the biographical elements of the people who lived in the respective period. Nambiyaga Porul is the book that expands the internal grammar after the Iraiyanar Kalaviyalurai who gives grammar to the internal subject in the line of grammar. In that sense, the autobiographical grammar of Tholkappiyar grammar and Chandor's literature, which adapts it, expands the internal grammar and sets it up as a story show, showing new developments. The description of the inner branch was first known in this book. Karuporul ettu. He was fourteen. He also mentions the events leading up to the marriage in the area of handwriting and drawing people. The description of the inner branch was first known in this book. The karpiyal nattrai thirteen people were found to have marked the day along with the learner. It is the only object of faith in grammar texts that standardize internal traditions and describe them as fields. Tholkappiyar refers to events only as claims. Theft classification has been categorized as possible up to chastity and has been divided into various claims in 32 fields. Theft and chastity have been categorized and elaborated, and charitable standing has been summarized into seven categories, which have been extensively discussed in two areas, internal and graphical. Beliefs such as the Tholkappiyam have five physical distinctions: introspection, theology, graphics, pedagogy, and annihilation. The grammatical definition of thirukkovaiyar is also interpreted as the concept of intuition. The text is based on the amount, type, and spread. Literary songs such as Thanjai Vanan Kovai songs, Sangam literary songs, Thinaimozhi Iympadhu, Thinaimaalai Nootruiympadhu, thirukkovaiyar have also been taken as evidence songs. It explores lifestyles that show a special optimism with a theatrical style and literary style that arose from the old and new tradition.
Umadevi D
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 97-102; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21313

Abstract:
The term “counter narrative” refers to a narrative that takes on meaning through its relation with one or more other narratives. While this relation is not necessarily oppositional, it involves a stance toward some other narrative(s), and it is this aspect of stance, or position, that distinguishes counter narrative from other forms of intertextuality. The article explained, “counter‐narratives only make sense in relation to something else, that which they are countering counter narratives has been seen as a means of opposing or resisting socially and culturally informed master narratives (about, for example, skin colour, ethnicity, and food culture), which are often normative or oppressive, or exclude perspectives or experiences that diverge from those conveyed through master narratives. In this sense, counter narratives play a role in storytellers positioning themselves against, or critiquing, the themes and ideologies of master narratives. Used in this way, “counter narratives” refer to “the stories which people tell and live which offer resistance, either implicitly or explicitly, to dominant cultural narratives” This articles explains the counter narratives on perception of black skin colour and food culture. Both the concepts of counter-culture and counter-narrative tradition are new in the folklore field of Tamil traction.
Arulprakash C.S, Suresh P
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 103-107; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21314

Abstract:
Both in the History of Tamil Literature and Tamil Religions thinking Research emphasis the teachings of siddhars in the prime place. Theywere great in the field of medicine, chemistry, astrology, astronomy there also very skilled in the art of mandharas and Yogas. Through their songs revealed the ‘Guru’ concept and this Guru concept of the Bible very hand in a hand. Siddhars emphasis that a real or true ‘Guru’ must be God himself and he need to born as a man and teach the followers a good way the same teaching also found in the Bible. Jesus God himself born as a ‘Guru’ and thought his students or followers the eternal way of or path of eternal life.
Sheeba T, Praveen Sam D
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 82-88; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21311

Abstract:
Poets recreate their innermost feelings in the minds of the readers through their poems. In addition, the vast majority of occasional verses sung on poets’ own emotions. They are therefore classified as autobiographical poems. In these songs, poets not only write about the beauty of nature but also about their experiences of life and the literary world. Literature composed of pleasure, humour, carefree contentment, and the emotions of fear, sadness, anxiety, pain, rivalry, jealousy, frustration, and struggle are largely discussed in the occasional verses of medieval literature. The role of literature in the sociological and psychological analysis of the everyday life problems of poets becomes an integral part of their themes. How do the problems that this society affect the soul of an individual? In it, one can learn from the literature of the time. The success of the creators is that they create the best literature related to human life. Further, the uniqueness and personality of a poet are known by the excellence of his or her conceptual style. This article studies the verses that have been excluded from the history of Tamil literature, and known as the "Occasional Verses Collection (Single Anthology)".
Jesintha S, Chitra A
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 60-67; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2138

Abstract:
Our Tamil land has a rich history of art and culture. The popularly known ‘Muthamizh’ namely ‘Iyal’ – text or poetry, ‘Isai’ – music and ‘Nadagam’ – theatre has undergone various changes over a period of time due to various social and political factors in the society. Nevertheless, there are few art forms which follow the tradition with its original flavour. One such is the ‘Bhagavata Mela Nadakam’ which is an art form systemized during the Marata’s empire. This research work talks about it in detail. Marata’s period (17th to 19th century AD) is believed to be the glorious period for many art forms. During this period Bhagavata Mela gained its popularity with the patronage of the kings. With the support of literary evidences this research work aims at a detailed study of the patronage extended by the kings and about the growth of Bhagavata Mela and how it was systemized. Marata period plays a very important role for the growth of ‘Bhagavata Mela’. This work gives a detailed study on the systematic approach followed in Bhagavata Mela. An authority supervised the performing artist. There were certain rules to be strictly followed by the artist. They were honored with various titles and gifts, even with pieces of land sometimes. The Bhagavata Mela artists were also appointed as poets in King’s court during the Marata period. There are more such interesting facts. This research deals with the complete study of the evolution and growth of the Bhavata Mela during the Marata period including such interesting information.
Jayalakshmi T
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 53-59; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2137

Abstract:
Contributions of Tamil Bhakti poets to the literature have been significant in the past along with the contributions that they made to the social upliftment of the society. Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic that was written by the Tamil poet Kambar based on sanskrit version of Valmiki Ramayanam that describes the life of King Rama of Ayodhya. In this epic Hanuman is a imporatant character. The Tamil poet Kachiyappa sivachariyar greatest composition is the Kandha puranam based on sanskrit version of Sivasankara sangithai. The great warrior Veerabagu Dhevar is close associate of Lord Muruga. This article mainly focuses on stunning similarities between the supernatural powers of the ardent devotee, dedicated Hanuman described in Kamba Ramayanam and Veerabagu Dhevar in kandha puranam.
Jayalalitha
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 68-74; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2139

Abstract:
As members of Dravidian family of Languages, Kannada and Tamil are close to each other. Apart from linguistic and grammatical similarities there are comparable elements in literary texts also. There are similar motifs and themes in Ancient Kannada and Tamil literary works. Though a few studies have concentrated in the similarities of Kannada and Tamil grammars, very little is done on the similar features of literary works. This paper makes an attempt to bring out a surprising motif of ghosts that occur in Ancient Kannada and Tamil texts. Tolkappiyam is an early grammatical work in Tamil and date of which is believed to be from 1 to 3 AD. This book speaks of a concept of ‘Thodakkaanji’. This concept is explained by commentators as not allowing the evil spirit to eat the body of the hero who died during a war. The same concept, though the technical term to denote the concept is absent, is present in the Kannada text ‘Sahasa Bheema Vijaya or Gadhayuddha’ by the Ranna, who belongs to the tenth century. While the theme of the narration centers around the battle of maces between Bhima and Duryodhana on the last day of the eighteen-day war, the poet uses a technique similar to flashbacks. This technic we can see in Tamil as a “Singanokku” which is used in grammar text to explain the ‘noorpaa’. Ranna the Kannada poet gives the details of an incident of the war field where the dead leader’s body is guarded from evil spirits/ ghosts by the fellow warriors whose wounds are less fatal. Tolkappiyam is an earlier work and Ranna’s work is late period. But that the particular theme of Thodakkanchi occurs in the Kannada and Tamil contexts merits mention and study a rare example which has not been brought out by anybody so far. Such similar points of comparison are brought out elaborately in this article.
Porkai Athirai C
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 47-52; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2136

Abstract:
Since ancient times, as Tamil and Sanskrit have been exchanging cultural practices, there are similarities in literary and grammatical principles. Many of Tholkappiyar’s literary principles about Meyppadu in aesthetics are found in Bharadhar’s the Sanskrit literary theorist too, who came after Tholkappiyar, in the north. The eight occasions where Meyppadu occurs, according to Tholkappiyar, are seen in Bharadhar’s also. As per Bharadhar Meyppadu is action. The base for the occurrence of these actions is feeling. Rasa is a feeling. Bhava is a Meyppadu. Feeling breaks out of Meyppadu. Bharadhar’s eight Bhavas are comparable with Tholkappiyar’s eight Meyppadu’s. The aim of the study is to prove that Bharadhar’s theory of Rasa in Sanskrit is a follow up of Tholkappiyar’s literary Meyppadu.
Thamilarasi P, Sumana P
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 301-307; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s149

Abstract:
Kilavi - individual word is combined to form a language. Communication took place even when language did not originate and develop. In the early days, he changed the information by making sounds, smoking and gestures. Language is still a tool to convey its opinion to others. The concept of a man's characteristic interests revolves among the community through the words he can speak. Man is distinguished from other species by his ability to speak and discern. The thoughts in the heart take the form of sound and become the language. This language has many internal material concepts.
Ravikumar R
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 308-312; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s150

Abstract:
Kambar one of the great epic story writer. In his one epic gives more importance about marine aquatic animals and their life styles. He also sang naturals beauty things like trees, animals, reptiles and give more or less, information about 50 types of birds. He tells about both animals and birds, but particular give clear information related to birds. His information almost related to sangam literature works. So this present work give information about aquatic birds and their life habits based on kambar’s given information.
NirmalaDevi G
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 279-284; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s145

Abstract:
The novel is one of the brand new arts acquired by Tamils ​​due to European contact and learning English. In storytelling for Tamils ​​since ancient times; there is involvement. However, the literary form of the novel became known to the people only after learning English novels. As a result, AD.Novels may have appeared in Tamil in the late nineteenth century. By the time the first novel appeared in Tamil, Tamils ​​were well versed in education. So the number of scholars was increasing. Tamils ​​learned to speak English along with Tamil. It is easy for people to move from one place to another due to the convenience of the train. A number of printing presses appeared and printed texts. Thus diminishing the influence of poetry influence of prose grew. These were the reasons for the origin of the Tamil novel and its subsequent development. The novels thus multiplied into science fiction, science fiction, enlightenment novel, Gandhian novel, Marxist novel, social novels, social novels, and historical novels. The purpose of this article is to examine the nature of historical novels and Kalki's contribution to them.
Sulochana V
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 273-278; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s144

Abstract:
Arunthathiyar (Arunthathiyar) or the Cobbler (Chakkiliyar) called the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana regions, which lives in the list, caste -based, are an ethnic group. These are called Dalits. In Tamil Nadu, Arundhatiyar, Sakkiliyar, Madari, Adi Andhra, Pakadai, Madhika and Thottin are also known by some other names. Out of the 18% reservation given to the downtrodden people in Tamil Nadu, the law giving 3% reservation to Arundhati was passed in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in February 2009. Sakkilyar is a Sanskrit word derived from Sakkuli which is also known as Sakkili. The Sanskrit word satkuzhi means "one who eats dead beef "or" one who eats too much meat". Often known as leather workers, whose main occupation was well-irrigated agriculture, making leather for battlefields, and sewing shoes, these people lost their traditional leather business and were relegated to the status quo. At one point in history, a group of people in all parts of India were forced into the industry through religious restrictions. Realizing this situation and with the experience of his life, author Poomani can be said to have transcended all forms of casteism, superstition, untouchability, and cults, and to have created the deepest and most compelling friendship between the dominant castes and the Sakkilians in his works and to evoke social awareness.
Boopathi K, Aruchamy S
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 296-300; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s148

Abstract:
Science was born as the word knowledge. A society can think of distant air, planets, moon, Sun, etc., only after learning about the nature and kinetic elements of the objects around it. Among the most important of the Tamil literatures, the first of the Sangam literatures to be considered by the intellectual masses is the kurunthogai. Although the subject matter literature, the small amount, is based on the microstructures, the messages naturally referred to explain the subject matter are scientifically oriented. The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the astronomical messages being studied in kurunthogai.
Vadivelan S
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 285-289; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s146

Abstract:
The historical problem of Tamil literature is still unresolved among many literary critics and is full of differences of opinion. Among them, the period of Sangam literature and the news of the Apuls are the most controversial. Various reports have been circulating by critics about Kapil, who has sung a number of Sangam songs and is notable for his fame. There are a number of issues with Kapilar's Kurinchipattu reference to it. The purpose of this article is to explore typography. It is noticeable that decimal texts are referred to Kurinchipattu as reference ciphers when they are segmented on a material basis. This is also the case with the description of the Pattuppaṭṭu when they are known in the order of the singers and the singers. The tagline is Kurinchipattu in the field of ‘Thozhi Arathodu Nittral’
Angayarkanni C, Kiruthiga K
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 290-295; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s147

Abstract:
The message of history is that society and its dynamics have been subject to change over time. One of them is caste-based activities. The word "Satyam" is indelible all over India. There has been no change in the view of “caste discrimination” in civilization, education, and even in the developing world. In the early days, people were segregated on the basis of land and occupation. Then they became racist due to the arrival of Vanderis (disguised Brahmins). Racial discrimination sought to keep a large number of people in a state of disgrace. This situation continued for a long time. However, with the advent of British colonial rule in India, "caste discrimination" may have taken a turn for the worse. The missionaries' aim was to seize wealth and spread their religion. Only when we are all united can we restore our self. They said they could be released. Who pioneered the second stage. C. Iyothee Thass Pandit. He has publicly recorded the progress of his people based on Buddhism. This can be seen in the dominance of his views on literature.
Agalya K
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 259-263; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s142

Abstract:
Thirukkural is believed to have been written in the 1, 2nd century AD. The period when bhuddhism flourished. Foremost among the text of justice is the screw cap. Various virtues of Buddhism can be found in Thirukkural. Mourning is said tobe the foremost of the Buddhist rites. The first truth is that wordly life is full of sorrow. Thus, the desire that led to patriarcly is fae from essential to human life. The desire for human beings will continue to grow. The mental state of not having enough. The Emphasis is on renonuncing desire to make human life superior. The purpose of this study is to examine the messages that thirukural talks about such Buddhist sleep.
Sakunthalai S
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 264-272; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s143

Abstract:
The ‘Lord of Wisdom’ Thirugnanasampantha Peruman, who chose Tamil for Thavamalku, sang by the Lord and received salvation. He has sung satisfactorily about the ways to get rid of all the miseries that occur in daily life, to get education, material, heroism and to get rid of infectious diseases. These great Tamil rituals, realized through Lord Thirugnanasambandar, are a rare boon to human life. Thirugnanasambandare was the first to add his name to Tamil and sing proudly. Nattramizh Thiruneri Tamil The main purpose of the study is to make the community benefit by reading and realizing that Thirugnanasambandar praised the excellence of Tamil. "Anainamathey"; It is as if Lord Thirugnanasambandar is standing up and looking at them as he sings "Enadhurai Tanadhuraiga". All of them, sung by Thirugnanasambandar, are proved to be Shiva's vote. Thus the emphasis on the usefulness of songs is to benefit the society with higher thoughts. Therefore, Thonipurath Origin is a social architect. It is the experience of many that these songs will soon be useful. Thirugnanasambandar restored our mother tongue Tamil language, realized its specialties, and established it as "Theivamozhi Tamil" is a wonderful help made by the time. In the first stanza, he sang the praises of Tamil as "Tiruneriya Tamil Vallavar Tholvinai Tirthal Elathal" (1-1-1). In this day and age, infectious germs have the miraculous ability to prevent us from accessing the "disorder". Therefore, by appreciating this special "Theninum Iniya Thiruneriya Tamil", we will benefit from his songs all over the world.
Ilango P
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 249-253; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s140

Abstract:
There are also a color to search for science and literature in literature. Segregation of the scientific previews of the Tamil people has been explicitly examined. Ancient texts are being explored in the highly growing ecosystem in science. The land and water will be dependent on each other. The water and waters of water and waters have explained the land resources that have been explained by the people of the people. The people of the day was aware of the waste of marine water and shower. Plants were deducted on the basis of the other quadratic lands, which was not considered a separate land of the "Paalai 'during the commodity period. Crocodile, Idangar and Karam are flagged. The temple is mentioned. The Monoon longifolium Tree, also known as 'Ashoku' during the pocket, is completely different from the Tamil Nadu mountains and the forests from the forests of the "Actual". The Ashoka tree union is mentioned in the trees and especially hints, the Tamil Nadu has been overwhelming 80 inches per year, and the densely developed forces are maintained to be maintained. It is possible to feel the forest lands and water in Tamil Nadu.
Vigneshwari P
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 254-258; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s141

Abstract:
Thiruvalluvar is proud to know and clearly express the ability of the guaranteed objects of virtue, meaning, pleasure and home required for human society. It is a great honor for him that Thiruvalluvar became famous for singing the flute during his lifetime. He is credited with compiling a wonderful book, Thirukkural, which summarizes the facts he has seen and experienced in his life. The human rights mentioned in Thirukkural are an example of Thiruvalluvar's vision. Human beings discriminate between the superior and the inferior and deprive the lower castes of their rights. This leads to many tribulations. Such victims come together and claim their rights. Thirukkural, which appeared in a period of ups and downs, condemns such differences and insists that all people are equal by birth. The king says that if the people are enslaved and persecuted, his wealth will be destroyed by the tears of the people. Therefore, it is clear that the king must provide the necessary facilities for the people. Human rights law makes it clear that if a person is charged, he should be considered innocent until proven guilty. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. Anyone who asks for something should explore its true meaning without accepting it as it is. The eye is important to every living thing in the world. Likewise, it is important to get an eye-like education. Everyone should get the best rich education that will never be destroyed. Seeing the war for hunger, Valluvar snarls at those who subjected them to cruelty. The literature that arose for human development is Thirukkural. Thirukkural acts as a medicine wherever and however a human being is injured. If the world listens to the human rights voice of Ayyan Valluvar, there will be no war and no conflict on this soil.
Janarthanan L
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 218-222; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s135

Abstract:
It is cynical to set out to give any one of the four affirmative meanings of virtue, meaning, pleasure, and home. In this way, Pallu, Kuravanchi, Nondi, Kuluvam, Makudi etc. are found to have artistic qualities in them. Pillai Tamil, Kalambakam, Satakam, Malai and Anthadi are found to be literary. The action of the tooth has acquired a pronoun and has become called a tooth. Those who work in a place full of potholes are referred to as Pallar. Although Pallu literature later took literary form, its elements can be traced back to ancient literature. Various elements must have been supplemented in order to get the full text of the school literature. Such literary genres are written with a tendency to explain a variety of meanings. Yet they are all suppressed together in the sense that they come together in giving hints about music. The literary genre of cognition, one of the eight categories referred to by the tholkappiyam, applies to ‘pallu vagai’ literature. The biological condition of the pallu, in its entirety and in its simplest form, is made clear to us in the form of short stories and songs. In this article you will find what the Psalms say about agriculture, the God of the pallar, their family, way of life and music.
Kanmani Rajaselvi G
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 243-248; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s139

Abstract:
The literature also serves as a testament to the way of life of the ancients. Poets’ express intuitions with aesthetic perspective. Whiskers. It is not possible to express oneself so clearly, even if one enjoys the interiors without transforming one's inner feelings. Explore the pantry in a more subtle way than that. They specialize in making other people understand what they think they are trying to visualize, just as men's feel a woman's feelings and women's feelings. Poets with such subtle creativity are also seen as psychoanalysts. Various studies have been performed on the Sangam literature. These studies are performed on human behaviors and the flow of the mind. The psychoanalytic functions of the characters in the short stories are explained psychologically.
Divyarupasarma P
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 234-237; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s137

Abstract:
Among the short stories, Pillai Tamil, Kalambakam, Sathakam, Malai, Andhadhi, etc. are divided into literary structure and song structure. Pallu, Kuravanchi, Nondi, Kuluvam, Makudi etc. are the artistic features that are found in them. Addresses, orchestras, etc., were also art literature of the time. Yet there are some as musicians in giving hints about music. Kavadi sindhu, Vazhinadai sindhu, etc. are so situated. The purpose of this study is to convey the message of music in Kavadi sindhu based on the idea that everything gives an idea about music.
Chitra Manogari M
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 238-242; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s138

Abstract:
This article, entitled Inna Narppathu Iniyavai Narpathu, is the face of the innumerable ideas and philosophies necessary for the development of human society. It is an undeniable fact that the human race is supported by rich literature. The small introduction of the books should be set up and learn education in life and learn education in life, as the society that leads to the welfare of the land, the fact that the man is characterized by the fact that the man is cultivating the ground and The progressive of a society is a mistake of being configured based on the individual discipline and realizing that life is a mistake and the human race is a human race to describe the unity of the human race and describing the unity of another. The purpose of the article is to realize that the literary ideas of the human race is given literature.
Sridevi A
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 213-217; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s134

Abstract:
The sanga noolgal andru Olaichuvadi were sleeping on the yon. In Tamil research, you began to engage in U. V. Swaminatha Iyer. After the disappearance of the disappearance, his home had received 500 running walls. Among them have received ancient texts, including Eight Anthologies, Ten Idylls, Pathinen Keelkanaku, Civaka Cintamani and Konguvel Makkathai. On that time, the account is writing. Talking is the name of the original (trace) written plates. At that time, the king of the king was written by the writer of the writer and their leader of their leader. There is a man who calls a message that has come to say that the wedding messages are Magnificent. Round-shaped characters are written only in writing writing. Tamil, Kirtham, Malayalam, Hangathari, Nandinagari, Kannada, Telugu, Oriya, Sinhala, Burmese and Thai. Initially does not point in the Tamil writings Later in 1850, you can see the point in the traces. I want to ask for today's generations to try to study or protect our wealth in the destruction of my inspection and endorses.
Malathi C, Sundaramoorthi M
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 38-46; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt2135

Abstract:
Sangam Literature one of the ancient Tamil literature is a golden treasure to know tradition, culture and war specials of ancient Tamil people. One of the ancient well known tamil king was Vallal Athiyaman Neduman Anji, who ruled Thahadoor which is Dharmapuri now and know for his vallal and generosity. The present study aims to find out the uniqueness of Athiyaman’s war specials from the rest of the wars that happened during the contemporary time. The study explores how Vallal Athiyaman was patriotic, courageous, never bent his head or never been a slave, lived with dignity and self righteousness . He was a brave warrior and at the same time a kind hearted king who helped people with at most care and affection. The study includes the analysis of vallal Athiyaman’s appearance, nature of his soldiers, war with seven enemies, war of Kovalur, war of Thahadoor and the season for the war, It includes how the concept of war in the present scenario similar to the wars of the past with the motto of expanding the kingdom.
Subbarayan R, Jayakumar T
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 188-192; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s131

Abstract:
Thirukkural is a global public repository that is acceptable to all people of the world across country, race, language and religion. This book explains how the human race pursues many purposes for survival. The purpose of this article is to explain some of them. There is no difference in the human race by birth. They excel in the ups and downs of what they do. You just have to be more discriminating with the help you render toward other people. We must love those lives and live those lives. The best virtue is to live without jealousy, denial, anger and hatred in the mind. The people's representatives who rule the country should be understood as those who alleviate the suffering of the people, fulfill their needs and live happily. These motives are being followed by the people today and the human race is functioning better.
Madhan Kumar R
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 223-233; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s136

Abstract:
The eleventh thirupathigam is the 'Thiruthellenam' in the Thiruvasagam by Manikkavacakar, a vadavur philanthropist. This exclusion is a spread of the praise of the Lord, as the women poured out. In addition, Manikkavacakar himself is the guru of wisdom and guides the rare Lord into the web of love. Its literary purpose is praised by the Thiruvagasam text books as 'The Journey of Grace to Lord Shiva', i.e., 'The cost of achieving with Lord Shiva'. It is the joyful thrill of Manikkavacakar, who is cultured in bhakti and does not separate Shiva even when the atom is not separated. This article explains the ability of Lord Shiva to have the supreme technique, the wisdom and devotion of Manikkavacakar in the amendment.
Syed Ali Fatima A
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 128-131; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s120

Abstract:
Even in this age of progress, there are misconceptions about Islamic women in various societies. This article is designed to emphasize that the idea that women are oppressed in Islamic society and not given adequate privileges and rights in their lives is completely wrong. The main purpose of this article is that hameeda's novel is known that women have the same right as they have duties. Hameeda's novel has also emphasized that Islam has given women the right to equality, property rights, free speech, copyright, succession, the right to divorce, remarriage and the right to education. The main objective of this article is to highlight this.
Santhi A
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 193-202; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s132

Abstract:
It is only after the books appeared in the early days and were given verbally for a long time that the history of the origin of the Theocratic Text reveals. Written books were also written in palm leaves in the early days. In such a way, it was written without being dotted, without any distinction between the mark-needle, the one-horn-double horn, and the junction undivided. This led to various confusions in the reading and understanding of it by the following. Everyone began to interpret according to their will. This led to differences in subject symmetry and changes in the structure of the book. There are also differences in the composition of the ancient grammar book, tholkappiyam. The early speakers of tholkappiyam were ilampuranar, Prof. senavaraiyar, Deivachchilaiyar, Nachinarkiniyar, Galladar and palaya uraikarar There are many differences in the text between these contemporaries, and wrote the text for the twentieth-century epic. This article sets out to explore how Rama., Subramaniam differs from them in terms of syllabus and nurpa structure.
Saranya S
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 179-182; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s129

Abstract:
Marriage is an integral part of society. This marriage can determine a woman’s life but it can darken life if she loses her hunband various atrocities are carried out on the widow as a ritual. Even more bald is the cruelty of the event Jayamohan’s recordings in the hair short story. Reveal the situation and mental state of widow who refuses to make the the effort to suffer the loss of her husband both physically and mentally as she is denied even the right to keep her hair.
Sabarinathan M
International Research Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 203-212; https://doi.org/10.34256/irjt21s133

Abstract:
Man has lived by various rituals since before he tried to live a civilized life. As civilization grows, all living beings are living their lives trapped within the triad of 'pati, pasu, pasam'. Just as cultivation brought the lands under its control for good growth, and all weeds were all removed and well cultivated, so too for an organism to grow well, our ancestors sowed the good and destroyed the evil and led a life of living with culture. There, rituals are included and guide the lives of the people. Rituals are generally divided into two types of rituals, pleasure rituals and suffering rituals. The nature of the rituals is revealed by classifying the rituals celebrated in the festivals as rituals performed in the Mangala event and the rituals performed in the Mangala event as the rituals performed in the Mangala event. And music and drama are well developed in rituals. Due to the economic crisis at the Mangala event, musical instruments such as the trumpet were reduced, but musical instruments called 'drums' were forced into the funeral ceremonies of the Mangala event. Rituals are the color of life in every human being who lives within the confines of 'arrogance, vanity, delusion'. Women play an important role in rituals. Various rituals take place, from putting the newborn baby in the cradle to experiencing various pleasures due to karma during their lifetime and burying them in the ground. The cradle-to-cradle and naming ceremony rituals are the same for the newborn male and female. For women, the yellow bathing ceremony and bracelet events are considered to be unique to women. Wedding ceremonies and death ceremonies come and go in everyone's life and go after its reaction. According to Kanmani Gunasekara's novel 'Vandarangudi', the study reveals that people are practicing rituals and worshiping God with devotion without harming the culture.
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