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Results in Journal Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: 41

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Rani Salamah Marinda, Imam Asngari, Mukhlis Mukhlis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 85-94; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.10355

Abstract:
This study investigates the influence of total assets, total financing, and third-party funds on the revenue of Islamic banking in Indonesia. Data used are secondary data during the period 2005-2018 sourced from the Financial Services Authority (OJK). The study analysis used a quantitative approach by applying the multiple regression model estimated by OLS. The findings of the study indicated that total assets and third-party funds has a positive and significant effect, while the financing has a negative and significant effect on Islamic banking revenue in Indonesia during the analysis period
Imade Yoga Prasada, Tri Fatma Mala Yulhar, Tia Alfina Rosa
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 95-104; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.11664

Abstract:
Poverty is currently a major problem that must be resolved in various regions in Indonesia, including areas in Java. Java Island is the island with the highest number of poor people compared to other islands in Indonesia. The aim of this study was to determine the determinants of poverty levels in Java and formulate policy recommendations that can be implied to overcome poverty. Research variables have used secondary data from six provinces in Java sourced from the Central Statistics Agency, namely poverty level data, Human Development Index (HDI), inflation rate data, open unemployment rate data, and Regional Minimum Wage data (UMR). The data was compiled into panel data and analyzed using OLS Model. The analysis showed that the determinants of poverty levels in Java were inflation rates, Human Development Index, Regional Minimum Wages, and open unemployment rates, so that all determinants need to be considered properly to formulate policy recommendations that able to overcome poverty in Java.
Izzun Nafiah
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 105-118; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.11929

Abstract:
Government policies that are directly related to the relationship between workers and companies are determining minimum wages. The effect of this minimum wage becomes more varied for developing countries with large populations such as Indonesia. Young workers have sensitive effect to fluctuation of the minimum wage policy, whereas the percentage of Indonesia young workers is more than 20 percent of the total workforce in 2015-2019. Therefore, the aim of this research is to analyze the effect of minimum wage policies on the status of young workers in Indonesia using quantitative data from the National Labour Force Survey (Sakernas) 2015-2019 with the multinomial logit analysis method. The results of this study are an increase in the minimum wage decreases the probability of young workers to have status as paid workers in the covered sector. In urban areas, an increase in the minimum wage increases the probability of young male workers being unemployed and decreases the probability being self-employed. On the other hand, an increase in the minimum wage causes female urban workers reducing the probability of being unemployed and increasing the probability of them being self-employed. Therefore, the minimum wage policy must be balanced with strengthen the education and training and also consider policies that increase youth labor market opportunities but do not increase employer costs for young workers. On the other hand, the government must be continuous to improve policies that support the progress of informal sector, for example in terms of providing capital, reducing loan interest rates, etc.
Ferry Maurist Sitorus, Padang Wicaksono
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 163-176; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.12788

Abstract:
The mismatch between educational and occupational qualifications is an issue that still frequently occurs in the Indonesian job market. This study aims to sudy the probability of educational mismatch in workers and how it was related to the wages received. The data used in this study was gained from the National Labor Force Survey (Sakernas) August 2019. The unit of analysis used are workers that have status as labor/employee/employees who are 15 years old and above. Contingency coefficient analysis was used to investigate the correlation between mismatch and workers’ wages, and multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the determinants of educational mismatch. The results showed that educational mismatch in the Indonesian labor market was still quite high, in which from a total sample of 178.085 workers / laborers, 25,79% were overeduaction and 17,98% were undereducation. The results of the contingency coefficient showed that there was a correlation between educational mismatch status and workers' wages. Then based on the result of the multinomial logistic regression test, it was found that workers with overeducation status had a greater chance of those who had a longer length of schooling, who were male and urban, while workers with undereducation status had a greater chance of those with shorter school years, who were female and live in rural areas.
Mimi Hardini, Wasiaturrahma Wasiaturrahma
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 147-162; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.12753

Abstract:
The Easterlin Paradox triggers the use of happiness as a measure of Wellbeing. The welfare can be measured by monetary measurement and comprehensive to subjective measurement, one of which is social capital. This study shows the influence of social capital on the level of individual happiness in Indonesia. The study uses the 2007 and 2014 Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) data. Using the Logit Regression Panel, the results show a positive influence on social capital, which contains trust, social networks, and sanctions and norms on several dimensions on the level of individual happiness. We also found that individual happiness levels are based on age, marital status, income level, education level, health status. Therefore, we need programs that prioritize community participation to increase informal social interaction and the need for effective programs to accelerate community income.
Sri Andaiyani, Ariodillah Hidayat, Fida Muthia, Nona Widharosa, Mardalena Mardalena
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 119-128; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.12346

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to test the trilemma and the quadrilemma monetary policy using Indonesia data with covering years 1983 – 2017. The research suggest that the monetary independence and capital account openness might have been more passionately pursued by Bank Indonesia for testing the trilemma; while testing of the quadrilemma, the concentration seems to have shifted to take a middle position within each policy objectives. In this study, the full sample period is split in three subsamples: 1983-2017, 1983 – 1999 and 2000 – 2017. The methodology used in this research is ordinary least square. Our findings show that the policy might have shifted from exchange rate stability, capital account openness and foreign reserves in the first subsample to other four policy objectives in the second subsample. It indicates that foreign reserve plays as fourth objective leading the central bank to achieve at the same time the three “impossible” goals. Therefore, taking into account foreign reserve as a monetary policy objective is deserved. Adequacy of reserves could higher our capacity to prevent or mitigate external shocks.
Intan Dana Lestari, Nury Effendi, Anhar Fauzan Priyono
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 177-189; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.12565

Abstract:
Environmental degradation is one of the major problems in the world recently and one of the United Nations’ (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs). Emerging markets countries that have become major players in the global economy and the main source of world economic growth have great potential to contribute the environmental degradation due to increased economic activities. This paper investigates the impact of financial development and economic growth on environmental degradation in Asian emerging markets. A panel environmental degradation model using financial development from banking sector and capital market sector, economic growth, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and urbanization variables that are major determinants of CO2 emission as a proxy of environmental degradation. The periods considered were 1980 – 2018 for banking model, and 1996 – 2018 for financial sector model (banking sector and capital market sector). A panel data approach applied such as cross-section dependence, panel unit root, panel cointegration, Fully Modified OLS (FMOLS) and Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS). The empirical finding revealed that in Asian emerging markets there is positively long-term relationship between financial development from banking model with environmental degradation. Nevertheless, we do not find any long-term relationship between financial development from financial sector model with environmental degradation. Moreover, the quadratic negative signed for economic growth showed the existence of Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC).
Andi Kustanto
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 129-146; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i2.12553

Abstract:
The threat of TB continues to occur in the world. In 2018, 10 million people suffered from TB, and 1.5 million people die from this infectious disease. Referring to target 3 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) goals 03 regarding good health and well-being, by 2030, end the epidemic of AIDS, TB, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, and other communicable diseases. Based on data from the WHO, Indonesia ranks 3rd for TB cases globally. The estimated population suffering from TB is 845,000 cases; only 68 percent of cases were found and treated in 2018. The high number of TB cases in Indonesia could threaten the golden generation's opportunity in the next 2025 demographic bonus, where the number of productive age population is higher than the population non-productive age. This study found that population factors such as population, population density, and the number of poor people had a positive and significant effect on TB cases. In contrast, the GRDP per capita, the number of health workers, and literacy rates negatively affected the TB cases.Furthermore,environmental factors from the availability of proper sanitation and toilet facilities show a negative but insignificant effect on TB cases.
Tyas Titi Hapsari, Aisyah Fitri Yuniasih
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 75-84; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.9978

Abstract:
Cocoa is one of the leading commodities from the plantation sub-sector in Indonesia. At the world level, Indonesia is the third-largest producer of cocoa beans after Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana (FAO, 2017). However, Indonesia still exports cocoa in the form of (raw) beans which results in the loss of added value and not developing the domestic cocoa industry. For this reason, the government issued No. 67/PMK.011/ 2010 concerning the imposition of Export Levy and Export Levy Tariffs to suppress the export of cocoa beans and then increase the competitiveness of processed cocoa exports. The purpose of this study was to determine the competitiveness performance of Indonesian processed cocoa to Germany and what factors influenced the export competitiveness in 1992-2017. This study uses secondary data from various sources that were analyzed using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Error Correction Mechanism (ECM). The analysis shows that in the long run the variable exchange rate, world cocoa prices, and dummy export duty significantly affect competitiveness while in the short term, population variables and world cocoa prices significantly influence competitiveness.
Ayinde Taofeek Olusola
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 1-12; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.9688

Abstract:
The study investigates policy lags and exchange rate dynamics in Nigeria. The downswing in the Nigerian economy attributed to recurring exchange rate fluctuations justifies this empirical investigation. The period of investigation spans 1970 – 2016 and the data were obtained from the various issues of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin and the Annual Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Anchored on the monetary theory of exchange rate, the Markov-Switching Dynamic Regression (MSDR) was employed as the technique of analysis. The findings show that the supply of broad money in Nigeria is endogenous in nature as it serves as the adjustment variable for the stabilization of exchange rate in the economy. Also, the results obtained indicated that changes in the exchange rate affect the overall government income and that the Nigerian economy is still foreign dependent. An expansionary monetary policy takes three (3) years to stabilize exchange rate in Nigeria while an expansionary fiscal policy only takes one and a half (11/2) years. By implication, monetary policy is half-effective as the fiscal policy. Besides, there is evidence of fiscal dominance in Nigeria. The study found two exchange regimes of fixed- and managed-float. More so, fixed exchange rate regime in Nigeria was just not persistent but that the probability of transiting to a managed-float regime was relatively lower.
Firman Herdiansah, Setyo Tri Wahyudi
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 63-74; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.11604

Abstract:
Indonesia's regional economy that is proxy by using Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) per capita to form clusters is investigated. Besides, by using the Spatial Auto-regression (SAR) model, the effect of household consumption in a region to the surrounding area's economy is examined. The study on this topic is rather limited, especially in the regional economic development of the country. Furthermore, Indonesia is a heterogeneous country, and its consequence is that development policy should consider the geographic characteristics of the country. The results show that there are regional economy clusters in Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Sumatra. In contrast, household consumption in a region has a weak influence on the economy in the surrounding area.
Dita Kusumasari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 21-30; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.10801

Abstract:
Indonesia has received external debt as an external source of finance to fill in the investment-saving gap in achieving economic growth to improve social welfare. Despite Indonesian economy is able to recover to some extent, based on Bank Indonesia (2018), Indonesia’s external debt at the end of Q2/2018 still amounted to USD 355,7 billion; consisting of government and central bank external debt of USD 179.7 billion, as well as private sector (including state-owned enterprises) external debt of USD 176.0 billion. Therefore, this study aims to examine the trend and impact of external debt on economic growth in the context of Indonesia’s economy. If external debt is found to lead to debt trap, or already in the condition of growth-led debt, its benefits for economic development should be reviewed properly and government policies regarding external debt need to be redesigned. This study is a qualitative research in the form of case study of External Debt and its critical impact in Indonesia. Through observation, data comparison and literature study, it is found that external debt of Indonesia has been dominated by US Dollar and Japanese Yen, which assumed to cause surge in debt repayment.
Nadya Carissa, Rifki Khoirudin
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 37-46; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.9826

Abstract:
This study to determine the money supply, interest rates, inflation, and imports toward rupiah exchange rates. The analysis method in this study used a quantitative approach that applies multiple regression models. Data used secondary data in the form of time series during the period of August 2016 until June 2019. The finding's results show that jointly money supply, interest rates, inflation, and imports have a significant effect on the rupiah exchange rate. While partially, the variable of money supply, interest rates, and imports has a positive and significant effect on the rupiah exchange rate. But the inflation rate has an insignificant effect on the Rupiah exchange rate. From the results of this study the government is expected to control the money supply and maintain the balance of payments by minimizing the amount of imports.
Andi Kustanto
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 47-62; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.11509

Abstract:
Population growth and the construction of settlements and industrial estates continue to increase at an unprecedented rate that has created gains and losses on environmental quality. The trend of population growth shows a declining trend but is not directly proportional to the fluctuating water quality index over the past ten years. The study uses secondary data with the quantitative approach using the panel data Fixed Effect Model (FEM) with Generalized Least Squares (GLS) to examine socioeconomic indicators in 34 provinces on water quality in Indonesia. Through analysis in this study shows that explanatory variables of the number of population and population density have a negative and significant effect on water quality in Indonesia of 4.69 and 1.95—ceteris paribus. The control variables of the number of establishments of micro and small scale manufacturing industry, and a group of workers, GRDP per capita, and realization of foreign direct investment show negative and significant results on water quality in Indonesia. It indicates that environmental management in Indonesia experiences a higher pressure from the utilization of ecological resources compared to efforts to improve the environment itself. Whereas household control variables of households and improve sanitation, the volume of water distributed by water supply establishment and the squared of GRDP per capita show positive and significant results on water quality in Indonesia, which shows that this is evidence of the government's success in managing the environment better.
Yunisvita Yunisvita
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 31-36; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.11057

Abstract:
This study aims to examine empirically the power of monopsony in the academic labor market, particularly in public universities. Upward sloping supply curve is indicative of monopsony and its power supply elasticity is suspected of demand for lecturers. The method used to estimate the supply equation for lecturer at four public universities in Indonesia is OLS model. A stratified sample is determined proportionally as much as 348 lecturers, by academic rank, gender and discipline. It is found that the supply elasticity is inelastic indicating that earnings lecturers are in non-competitive conditions. When employers face an inelastic supply curve, the marginal expenditure and average expenditure is very much different, which gave it the power to set wages, so it implies that the power of monopsony is big.
Mukhlis Mukhlis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 18, pp 13-20; doi:10.29259/jep.v18i1.10847

Abstract:
Small industries are life-sustaining for communities because of their political and strategic position in terms of creating job opportunities and increasing revenue. One small industrial sector that has the potential to be developed is the food industry. Small food industries are widely scattered in every area, including in the city of Palembang. A small industrial group of food that became one of the culinary icons in Palembang is the cracker industry. This type of industry is a culinary icon that has been famous for foreign countries. Nevertheless, the cracker industry is still experiencing obstacles in terms of capital and marketing. The cost of raw materials is relatively expensive to technically trigger the industry inefficiencies. Therefore, it is necessary to review the technical efficiency of this small industry. The variables used in this study were capital, labor, and output. The data used is secondary data that is analyzed by using the Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) approach. The results showed that the technical efficiency achievement of small industrial crackers in South Sumatera is still categorized as low. The use of labor input is more effective than capital use as a result of the utilization of technology and local resources. Therefore, the development of small industrial crackers through an efficiency approach cannot be separated from the application of technology, human resource management, marketing, and business climate.
Ichsan Hamidi, Suhel Suhel, Abdul Latif
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 17, pp 24-30; doi:10.29259/jep.v17i1.8965

Abstract:
This study to investigate effectivities of zakat productive funds toward zakat recipient income in Palembang. Data using primary data which collect through interviews, observation, and documentation with instruments a questionnaire. The method in this study uses the quantitative approach with applying a regression model. The population in this study are all the recipients who receive the funding of zakat productive from BAZNAS of South Sumatra. The findings of this study indicated that the capital of zakat productive, length of business and training has a significant effect on zakat recipient income in Palembang city.
Hamira Hamira, Bernadette Robiani, Mukhlis Mukhlis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 17, pp 8-15; doi:10.29259/jep.v17i1.8917

Abstract:
This research is aimed to analyze the pricing and product strategy and also profit of fish cracker industry in Palembang. The data used in this research is primary data which is obtained by using interview techniques to 45 fish crackers producers. The data is analyzed by using descriptive qualitative techniques. The results showed that the producers of fish crackers using Mark up pricing method to set up their price. On the average, the mark-up is 41 percent of average cost. The average profit that are received by producers is Rp1.100.288 in a week. It is also found that 77.78 percent producers differentiated their products in shape and taste.
Nanda Rahmi, Afdhal Putera
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 17, pp 31-37; doi:10.29259/jep.v17i1.8946

Abstract:
This study to investigate the effect of health spending and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) on life expectancy in Aceh. The data are collected for 23 districts in Aceh over 4 years from 2012-2016. The analysis method uses a quantitative approach with applying a linear regression model with data panel. The findings of this study indicated that health spending and GRDP have a positive and significant effect on life expectancy. Furthermore, GRDP has a positive and significant relationship with life expectancy.
Arjun Saka Agung, Zulkarnain Ishak, Imam Asngari, Abdul Bashir
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 17, pp 1-7; doi:10.29259/jep.v17i1.8916

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Putri Halimah, Alghifari Mahdi Igamo
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 17, pp 16-23; doi:10.29259/jep.v17i1.8869

Abstract:
Home is a basic human need. In the Law of the Republic of Indonesia No.1 of 2011 states that housing or access to housing is a right for every community whose existence is the responsibility of the government. The problem that has occurred to this day is that there are still many people living in urban areas who have to occupy illegal or slum settlements. This is due, among other things, to the influence of land and housing prices which increase each year due to high demand which is also caused by the increasing population and urbanization rate. However, in reality the capitalists who control the housing sector are only fixated on capital accumulation by building and marketing homes to middle and high income people. As a result, low-income communities are marginalized in the suburbs, and build non-conventional settlements, slums and squatter. This study with the literature study method aims to analyze how to provide a home for low-income people in the dialectic of capitalism, by making the MBR as an important actor in the construction and provision of housing
Putri Devintha S.B., Imam Asngari, Suhel Suhel
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 63-73; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i2.8880

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine technical efficiency, alocative/price efficiency and economies efficiency using production factors, and to know about economies of scale of seasoning and flavoring Industry in Indonesia. The data used in this research were secondary data with five digit ISIC (10772) using panel data and for the analytical techniques used in this study include multiple linear regression analysis as production function with stochastic production frontier approach. The result shows that labor production function has positive but insignificant impact on the production, while capital and material has positive and significant impact on the production. The value of technical efficiency is 0,7796 or 77,96% shows that the used of production factors is inefficient technically, the value of alocative/price efficiency is 1,7703 that is mean inefficient, the value of economies efficiency is 1,3801 7703 means that economies efficiency has not achieved the standard yet, and economies of scale is about 1,0203, means that the economies of scale is always increase or commonly known as incresing return to scale but, the value of economies of scale is equal to one, so that the economies of scale can be known as constant return to scale
Dina Marlina, Sri Andaiyani, Dedi Hartawan
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 56-62; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i2.8878

Abstract:
This study aims to look at the demand for money in Indonesia 2010Q1-2017Q4. In this research using the VAR (Vector Auto Regressive) model. This study attempts to predict time series variables and on the dynamic impact of analysis of disturbance factors in each variable and assesses the interrelationships between variables using the program Eviews 9.0. In this study, researchers tried to test Frriedman's theory by focusing on the difference between Indonesian interest rates and US interest rates. The important thing is, this study argues that the differential US dollar interest coefficient from the money demand function can describe financial dollarization in Indonesia. Indonesia is trying to keep capital flows out of other countries, especially the United States by keeping interest rates higher than the United States. This means that the higher interest rate differentials between Indonesia and the United States will make more capital inflow to Indonesia, so will make higher demand for money in Indonesia. The results show that all variables used in this study are stationary at first difference and have the appropriate model in lag 5
Bayu Dimas Sanjaya, Syamsurijal A Kadir, Fachrizal Bahri
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 81-93; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i2.8888

Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the influence of education level of head of family, number of dependents and asset of head of family on poverty in District of South Pagaralam and North Pagaralam. The data is used in this study are primary data obtained through research directly to the society in November 2016. The method used is a quantitative approach by applying multiple regression models. Based on the research and data processing using multiple regression analysis that education and asset of heads of family have a significant effect on poverty. Meanwhile, head of family number of dependents do not have a significant effect on poverty.
Afrillia Tiara Putri, Saadah Yuliana, Anna Yulianita
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 74-80; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i2.8883

Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the influence of third party funds, inflation, and mudharabah against non performing financing on Islamic Banks in Indonesia and Malaysia. Data used is secondary data. The method used in this analysis is the panel data regression. The results showed that in partial third party fund and mudharabah significant negative effect on the Non Performing Financing, while inflation is positive and not significant to the Non Performing Financing. Variable Third Party Funds, Inflation and mudharabah jointly significant effect on Non Performing Financing. Based on the regression equation fixed effect model results show the results of the coefficient of determination (R2) is 0.369198, or 36.91 per cent means that the variation of the variable third party funds, inflation and mudharabah have an influence on the non performing financing for the coefficient of determination, while the rest 63.09 percent influenced by variables outside the model
Zakhariantara Gintting, Syaipan Djambak, Mukhlis Mukhlis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 44-55; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i2.8877

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the use of electronic money (e-money) to the velocity of money in Indonesia. The use of this payment instrument makes consumers easy to pay, thereby increasing the level of consumption. Data used is the nominal of transaction in 2013 to 2017 from Bank Indonesia database. The method in this study used regression model with OLS (Ordinary Least Square) estimate. The finding in this study showed e-money transactions consisting of the nominal e-money transactions, nominal ATM-Debit card transactions and nominal credit card transactions partially no significant effect on the velocity of money in Indonesia
Satri Rahmadi, Yunisvita Yunisvita, Imelda Imelda
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 34-43; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i1.8876

Abstract:
This study aimed to examine the affect of the wage, age, and number of dependents to labor productivity of coffee powder business. The study was done in Muara Enim regency by using primary data with 65 respondents as the sample from 181 people as the population. The technique of selecting the data was survey method with random sampling method. The technique of analyzing the data that was used of this study was multiple linear regression analysis with OLS method. The results of this study were: 1. The wage affected positive impact and was significant to productivity. 2. Age affected positive impact and was significant to productivity. 3. Number of dependents affected positive impact but was not significant to productivity. The most dominant variable of this study was age. So, the variation of all independent variables could explain the total number of variation of productivity was 93%.
Nindi Listika, Imam Asngari, Suhel Suhel
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 19-26; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i1.8874

Abstract:
This study aims to determine how the effects of inflation and capital inflow on the rupiah and ringgit on the US dollar (a comparative study: Indonesia-Malaysia). The data used in this research is secondary data of world development indicators and Bank Indonesia. The analysis technique used in this research is quantitative analysis techniques with multiple linear regression method. The results of this study indicate that inflation Indonesia and Malaysia affect the rupiah and ringgit negatively while the variable capital inflow Indonesia and Malaysia affect the rupiah and ringgit positively significant.
Maya Fusfita, Saadah Yuliana, Imelda Imelda
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 11-18; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i1.8857

Abstract:
The development will be the needs of the house continue to increase due to the increasing number of population. Therefore, the needs of the development of a simple home shown to low income people that done by the government through the developers continue to built.This study aim to analyze the factors which are presumed to influence the house purchaser to purchase a simple redisential house in Sematang Borang District. This research uses primary data with samples as much as 110 respondents. The research used logistic-regression as the analyzing tool. The estimation results indicate that the location of the house has a non-significant and positive effect effect; the price suitability has a significant and positive effect; while the housing facilities has a non-significant and negative effect toward the decision of the purchaser. The most dominant variable in influencing the purchaser decision is the price suitability, with 1,96 odds ratio, which means that the decision of purchasing the simple residential house is 1,96 times compared to not purchasing the simple residential house
Roberkat Saragih, Muhammad Teguh, Harunurrasyid Harunurrasyid
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 27-33; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i1.8875

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the cost structure and the effect of average costs on average profits of the bread and cake product industry in Palembang. The data in this study were obtained from the respondents (primary data) through observation and interview methods. The testing of the hypothesis in this study was conducted by means of the simple regression analysis and the data were processed by using e-views 8 program. The sampling technique used in this study was snowball sampling and obtained 15 business units in the bread and cake product industry in Palembang. The results showed that the biggest cost was raw materials costs with a percentage of 68.35 percent, then followed by labor costs with a percentage of 14.82 percent, the cost of auxiliary materials with a percentage of 7.72 percent, energy costs with a percentage of 5.22 percent, depreciation costs with a percentage of 3.59 percent and the smallest cost is the cost of renting a building with a percentage of 0.31 percent, while the average cost had a significant and negative effect on the bread and cake product industry in Palembang
Novegya Ratih Primandari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 16, pp 1-10; doi:10.29259/jep.v16i1.8856

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze effect of economic growth, inflation and Unemployment on the Rate of Poverty in the Province of South Sumatera. This research used secondary data in the form of time series data from 2001-2017. The method used quantitative approach by applying a linear regression model with OLS estimation Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. The results of this study indicate that partially and simultaneously Economic Growth, Inflation and Unemployment have a significant effect on the Poverty Rate in the Province of South Sumatera.
Nona Widharosa, Sri Andaiyani
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 116-126; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i2.8855

Abstract:
There are similarities in views from economic researchers that globalization can have an impact on the behavior of domestic inflation. So that the characteristics of inflation which was initially only associated with domestic factors, became interesting to observe its relationship with economic globalization. Romer (1993) states that a more open country in the economy will have a lower inflation rate. This study aims to test the Romer hypothesis by analyzing the effect of the level of economic globalization on inflation in 102 countries during 1993 - 2013. The model specification test shows that the best method for this research data is the Fixed Effect Model (FEM). The results of the study concluded that there is a significant negative relationship between economic globalization and inflation
Rizki Vanzza Aji, Zulkarnain Ishak, Mukhlis Mukhlis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 69-84; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i2.8832

Abstract:
This study aim is to compare the competitiveness of Indonesia cocoa exports with the main ecporting countries of world cocoa beans such as Ivory Coast and Ghana from 2001 to 2016. The comparable of cocoa commodities are raw cocoa or cocoa beans. This research uses descriptive analysis using Revelaved Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Constant Market Share (CMS) approach. The analysis of Revelaved Comparative Advantage is used to determine the competitiveness level of Indonesian cocoa beans, Ivort Coast and Ghana, while Costant Market Share is used to decompose the export growth of Indonesia cocoa beans, Ivory Coast and Ghana into three determinants of export growth including Commodity Composite Effect, Market Distribution Securities and Effects of Competitiveness. RCA analysis shows Indonesia’s cocoa commodity has a comparative advantage in the international market, while CMS analysis shows that the increase of Inonesia cocoa exports is influenced by the increasing demand of world cocoa.
Tino Handayani, Didik Susetyo, M. Syirod Saleh
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 92-100; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i2.8837

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of capital expenditures, infrastructure of the long road, and the human development index (HDI) to GDP District/city in South Sumatera Province. The data used in this research is data from the year 2010-2015 results from publications of the Central Bureau of Statictic (BPS) and the Directorate General of Financial Equalization (DJPK). Location of research covering 15 District/City in South Sumatera Province. This research was conducted by means of panel data regression analysis using program of Eviews 8. The selection of late-model in this data regression analysis using program of Eviews 8. The selection of late-model in this study i.e the Fixed Effectmodel. The results showed that variable capital expenditures, infrastruture of the long road, and the human development index (HDI) are jointly significantly to GDP. The variable infrastucture of the long road and the shuman development index (HDI) a negative and siignificant effect against the GDP. The value of the coefficient of the determinaation (R-square) obtained the value of the variable 0.986993 which means capital expenditures, infrastucture of the long road, and the human development index is able to affect the GDP of 98.69 percent 1.31 percent and the rest is determined by other variables that are not listed in the model
Deassy Apriani, Imelda Imelda, Eka Rostartina
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 101-105; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i2.8853

Abstract:
This study to investigate how the influence of production area and number of workers on coffee stripping production and how performance is seen in terms of economic efficiency and labor productivity levels with vulnerable time 2012-2017. This study uses a descriptive quantitative approach with panel data regression model. The findings of the study indicate that the production area and number of workers in the stripping, cleaning and sorting industries of coffee significantly affected the amount of coffee production in Indonesia. The efficiency values in the stripping, cleaning and sorting industries of coffee during 2012-2017 tends to be inefficient because the value of efficiency obtained is 0.26, which means that
Ririn Puji Astuti, M. Syirod Saleh, Muhammad Subardin
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 85-91; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i2.8833

Abstract:
This study aims to find out the efficiency of the administration of Palembang City, 2002 – 2016 period in building the area with and components that caused whether or not administrative expenditure of an area was efficient. This study uses data secondary data that is realization data of administrative expenditure, average employe’s expenditure, capital expenditure and local revenue. This data was tested by stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). The results of estimation from the stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) found that the administrative expenditure of the city of Palembang was inefficiency. The average variable of employee expenditure has a negative related and has a significant effect to administration costs in Palembang City. The relationship of variable capital expenditure with the administration costs of the regional government in the city of Palembang has a positive and significant effect. And the Local Revenue variables have a positive and significant effect to administration costs in Palembang City.
Ribka Br Silitonga, Zulkarnain Ishak, Mukhlis Mukhlis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 53-59; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i1.8821

Abstract:
Indonesia as a country rich in natural resources should have better international trade performance in improving exchange rates. This study aims to investigate the effect of exports, imports, and inflation on the rupiah exchange rate in Indonesia during 2006-2017. The data used is secondary data sourced from Bank Indonesia and the Ministry of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia. The method used is a quantitative approach by applying multiple linear regression models. The findings of this study indicate that exports, imports have a significant negative effect on the rupiah exchange rate. While inflation has no effect on the rupiah exchange rate in Indonesia.
Nadine Brillianta Hanifah, Syamsurijal A Kadir, Anna Yulianita
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 15-34; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i1.8779

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the relationship between government expenditure and economic growth in each province on the island of Sumatra during the period 2007-2016 using panel data. The method used is a quantitative approach by applying the Granger Causality model. The findings of this study indicate that there are no two-way relationships from the 10 provinces in Sumatra. But there is a one-way relationship between government spending and economic growth, which is found in the Province of West Sumatra and Bengkulu Province. Whereas the other 8 provinces have no one-way and two-way causality relationship
Clara Ayu Monica, Taufiq Marwa, Anna Yulianita
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 60-68; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i1.8825

Abstract:
The objectives of this study were to identify and analyze the basic/leading sectors that have competitive advantages in each province, and to determine the regional typology and basic-sector priorities for regional development. The data used in this study were times series data in the period of 2010-2014. The data were analyzed by using LQ analysis, shift share, and Klassen typology. The result of this study indicated that each province had its own potentials in accordance with its conditions. The agricultural sector was the dominant basic sector in southern Sumatra for the five provinces had this basic sector; while other sectors varied by province. Only the Province of Bengkulu had company services and educational services; besides, Bengkulu had the most basic sectors (9 basic sectors), namely agricultural sector with LQ value of (2.34), water supply (3.14), trade (1.02), transport (2.06), real estate (1.47), company services (1.39), administration (2.29), educational services (2.01), and health services (1.40). The Province of Jambi was included in the fast-forward and fast-growing regional typology. Then, South Sumatra, Bengkulu, Lampung and Bangka Belitung were in the fast-growing regional typology. Based on the research results, there should be government intervention in developing potential sectors to become leading sectors in the regions and in enhancing the economic growth and competitiveness of the regions in southern Sumatra
Rio Christoper, Rosmiyati Chodijah, Yunisvita Yunisvita
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 35-52; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i1.8820

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to analyze the factors affecting female workers as housewives in Palembang. The independent variables in this research are the level of education, work hours, marriage status, work experience, financial dependency and age. This research was conducted in Palembang, South Sumatra Province. This research used primary data with samples of 97 respondents. The method used in this analysis was the Ordinary Least Squared (OLS) by using E-views 9.0. The result showed that the level of education and work hours had significant and positive effect on the income of female workers from poor households. For the age variable had significant and negative effect on the income of female workers from poor households. Meanwhile, the marriage status variables had no difference income between married and single female workers. For work experience had no significant and negative effect on the income of female workers from poor households, and for financial dependency had positive effect but no significant on the income of female workers from the poor households in Palembang.
Azza Ayullah Kusuma
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Volume 15, pp 1-14; doi:10.29259/jep.v15i1.8778

Abstract:
The purpose of this study investigates the impact of ACFTA, Indonesian trade, the exchange rate on economic growth in Indonesia. The data used secondary data during 1997-2016 were sourced from UNCOMTRADE, ASEAN Statistics, and World Bank. The method used is a quantitative approach with vector error correction model (VECM). The findings of this study in the long run show that Indonesian trade, ACFTA has a positive and significant effect on economic growth, while the rupiah exchange rate variable has a negative and significant effect on economic growth
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