Results in Journal JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER: 34
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JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 54-68; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2282
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease that is found in some tropical and subtropical regions. This disease is caused by dengue virus and is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. the solution taken in controlling DHF is to break the life cycle of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Vector control is generally carried out using synthetic larvicides, namely abate / temefos, but the use of abate can cause residues, environmental pollution, poisoning and resistance of the eradicated vectors so that natural larvasides from plants are needed namely temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) for vector control. The purpose of this study was to determine whether temulawak rhizome extract was effective or not in killing Aedes aegypti larvae. This research method includes larva collection, identification and maintenance of mosquitoes, determining sample size, making extracts and testing effectiveness. This study used a control and experiment group with 3 repetitions in the minutes to 15, 30, 45, 60 and 1440 (24 Hours). The control group was positive control using abate and negative control using aquades while the eksperiment group used extract of temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) with concentrations of 0.6%, 0.8%, 1%, 1.2% and 1.5%. The results of this study indicate that the temulawak rhizome extract (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) effective as larvicides because at the lowest concentration 0.6% can kill 100% Aedes aegypti larvae.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 69-80; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2292
Controlling Septicemia epizooticae (SE) through vaccination program has been undertaken in Kupang City. However, numbers of fatal cases are still being reported. The purpose of this study is to measure the antibody titer of Bali cattle after SE vaccination, and to determine the effect of age and sex on antibody titers. The 50 serum samples of SE vaccinated Bali cattle were taken from Alak Sub-district (26 samples) and Maulafa Sub-district (24 samples). The selection of sub-districts in Kupang City was taken in a simple random manner. Those serum samples were examined using the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Antibody titers against SE is declared to be protective when the antibody titer is above 88 ELISA Unit (EU). Results indicated that average value of cattle antibody titer after the SE vaccination was able to trigger a protective antibody response (> 70 EU), meanwhile ONE WAY ANOVA analysis results showed that there is no significant effect (P> 0.05) of cattle age towards antibody titers. In the same way, the paired t test results did not indicate a difference in the value of antibody titers against the sex of the Bali cattle.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 1-23; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2241
Pork is one of the most consumption types of meat in the East Nusa Tenggara region.. Moringa leaf are one part of the plant which is known to have antimicrobial compounds.The aimof this research was to determine the influence of Moringa leaf infusion as a natural preservative to the quality of pork.This research is an experimental laboratory research and used a total of 48 samples of thigh pork (Biceps femoris). This research used a completely randomized design with factorial pattern. The first factor was concentration of infusion Moringa leaf consist of 0% (K0), 5% (K1), 10% (K2), and 15% (K3) and the second factor was time of storage consist of 0,6, 12, and 18 hours with 3 replications. The parameters of porkquality that have been examined: color, texture, odor, value in the Eber test, pH value, and total plate count (TPC) value.The results showed that the addition of Moringa leaf infusion change the color and odor. The Eber test shows the K3 group can last up to 18 hours. There was no significant effect of infusion concentration (P> 0.05) on the pH value and there was a very significant effect on the time of storage (P
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 92-101; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2266
Transmissible venereal tumor is a tumor that generally infects male and female genitalia and transmission occurs due to marriage and licking. On August 7th , 2019 the owner came with complaints of fresh blood dripping continuously from the vulva of Unyil, a local dog, female, approximately 3 years old, brown hair color, with a weight of 10.2 kg. After a physical examination in the perineal area, there is a mass like grapes formed in the vagina. Based on the results of physical examination and haematology test, the dog was diagnosed with transmissible venereal tumor. Handling is done in this case by removing the mass such as grapes formed in the vagina through surgery.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 24-33; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2230
Milk is an animal food source that plays a role in human life because it contains various nutritional components. Indonesia’s level of milk consumption is still relatively low. As one of an attempt to increase milk consumption, various kinds of processed milk products with a more modish aroma and form were made. However, not all of the quality of the processed milk products sold can be guaranteed. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of milk samples obtained from milk retails located around the students settlement area of IPB University’s Dramaga and Cilibende campus. The total of retails around campus obtained from the survey were 13, so 39 samples were bought. Milk samples taken were plain milk without an addition of sugar, flavor variants or ice cubes. The results obtained by the average value of density, content of fat, protein, lactose, dry matter, non-fat dry matter and pH of milk samples in Dramaga region are 1.0190 g/mL, 2.66%, 2.02%, 3.03%, 8.18%, 5.52% and 6.89. Milk samples in Cilibende region are 1.026 g/mL, 3.80%, 2.75%, 4.13%, 11.34%, 7.54% and 6.54. Based on pasteurization and sterilization perfectness test, it was discovered that all samples were pasteurized milk, even as much as 30.8% were sterilized milk. From this study, it can be concluded that the ready-to-drink milk sold in retails around the students settlements of IPB University has poor quality because it does not meet the minimum standard requirements of SNI No. 01-3951-1995 about Pasteurized Milk.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 43-53; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.1927
Brucea javanica (L) Merr is a shrub that has various types of secondary metabolites that have pharmacologic effects. Various studies on this plant in Indonesia have been conducted, but research on secondary metabolites that have the potential as herbal medicines from this plant originating from the island of Timor has never been done. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate secondary metabolites found in Brucea javanica (L) Merr which originates from Timor Island. Samples in the form of roots, stems, leaves, seeds, and flowers of plants are sent to the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) to identify these plant species. Plant determination is carried out under the determination procedure in the LIPI ethnobotany laboratory. The plant determination test results showed that the plant samples sent were Brucea javanica (L) Merr. While the phytochemical tests were carried out at the Laboratory of Chemistry at the Faculty of Science and Engineering of the University of Nusa Cendana to identify secondary metabolites from the Brucea javanica (L) Merr plant according to the phytochemical test standards in the Undana Chemistry laboratory. Phytochemical tests show that there are 4 secondary metabolites found in Brucea javanica (L) Merr namely Alkaloids (+), Tannins (+++), Saponins (+), and Triterpenoids (+++) while secondary metabolites such as Flavonoids and Steroids are not contained in this plant.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 34-42; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2229
Nowadays, milk is one of the favorite drinks for Indonesian people. This relates to the awareness of society about healthy food is increasing. At the same time, there are many milk retail that are appearing. The purpose of this study was to detect the presence and level of contamination of Salmonella sp. in processed milk from milk retail around the students settlement area of IPB University. In Indonesia the standard for identifying Salmonella sp. refer to Indonesian National Standard 2897: 2008. This method consists of 5 stages: pre-enrichment, enrichment, selective media planting, confirmation based on biochemical and serological tests. Milk samples in this study came from 14 milk retail in the students settlement area of the IPB University. The milk samples were taken are plain milk (milk that has not added flavor (flavorings), sugar, and ice). The selection of milk retail is taken within a radius of 2 km from the midpoint of the IPB campus in the Dramaga and Cilibende areas. Based on the results of this study, it was found that all milk samples examined showed negative results which means no Salmonella sp. contamination was found. From this study it can be concluded that the quality of processed milk sold in milk retail around the student settlement area of IPB University is good.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 81-91; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2265
Pyometra in dogs is a condition of the accumulation of purulent material in the uterus of female dogs caused by hormonal imbalances resulting in bacterial infections and excess fluid production in the uterus. A female Golden Retriever named Merry, age 4 years old, having her address at Jln. Raya Dharmasaba Denpasar with complaints of a limp dog, anorexia, issued a thick reddish-colored discharge from the genitals and smelly. Based on the results of systematic clinical examination and the results obtained that the temperature of the dog is 38.1 ℃ (normal), pulsus frequency 120x/minute and the frequency of breathing 40x/ minute. At the time of inspection and palpation of the large abdomen, the nipple comes out. In a complete blood test conducted at Anom Animal Clinic showing the results of Leucosytosis (an increase in white blood cells) which indicates the incidence of bacterial infection, the dog is diagnosed with pyometra after being supported also by X-ray examination results showing radiopaque on the abdomen and ultrasound results showing the uterus anechoic. Dogs treated by surgery to remove the ovary and uterus (ovaryohysterectomy) and continued administration of antibiotics and analgesics. On the 9thday after surgery the incision wound had dried, the skin fused well, and was no longer removing the discharge from the genitals.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 7, pp 121-127; doi:10.35508/jkv.v7i2.1984
Pengendalian nyamuk yang berperan sebagai vektor merupakan tindakan terpenting dalam penanggulangan penyakit seperti filariasis.Filariasis merupakan penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh cacing filaria yang menyerang saluran dan kelenjar getah bening yang ditularkan oleh berbagai jenis nyamuk. Kasus filariasis di Kabupaten Sikka tahun 2015- 2017 setiap tahunnya meningkat. Penggunaan insektisida menjadi pilihan utama masyarakat dalam pengendalian vektor nyamuk. Insektisida yang digunakan secara terus-menerus dapat menyebabkan nyamuk menjadi resisten. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui status resistensi vektor filariasis terhadap insektisida permethrin 0,75% di Kabupaten Sikka tahun 2018. Penelitian ini diawali dengan survei lokasi dan pengambilan sampel di Kabupaten Sikka dan dilanjutkan dengan pemeliharaan nyamuk serta uji resistensi. Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah nyamuk Aedes sp. dan Anopheles sp., impregnated paper permethrin 0,75%. Hasil uji resistensi menggunakan metode susceptibility test dengan impregnated paper permethrin 0,75% adalah kematian nyamuk uji terhadap permethrin adalah 21,3% sehingga disimpulkan bahwa vektor filariasis di Kabupaten Sikka dinyatakan telah resisten tinggi terhadap insektisida permethrin 0,75% karena kematian nyamuk uji
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 7, pp 114-120; doi:10.35508/jkv.v7i2.1983
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaman jenis endoparasit gastrointestinal dan pengaruhnya terhadap profil darah ayam kampung yang meliputi jumlah eritrosit, kadar hemoglobin, Packed cell volume, dan jumlah total leukosit. Pengambilan sampel feses dan darah ayam kampung dilapangan sedangkan pemeriksaan dan identifkasi endoparasit pada feses ayam kampung serta pemeriksaan darah di laboratorium Kesehatan Hewan Program Studi Kesehatan Hewan Politani Kupang. Peubah yang diamati adalah morfologi atau ciri-ciri endoparasit dan gambaran darah terutama jumlah eritrosit, kadar hemoglobin, Packed cell volume, dan jumlah total leukosit Seluruh sampel yang terkumpul diidentifikasi menggunakan mikroskop dibantu dengan panduan kunci identifikasi dan didokumentasikan menggunakan kamera digital, dan data gambaran darah yang diperoleh akan disesuakan dengan gambaran darah normal kemudian semua data yang diperoleh, diolah secara deskriptif. Penelitian ini akan dilaksanakan didaerah Kecamatan Amarasi Kabupaten Kupang. Dari pemeriksaan ditemukan telur cacing Ascaridia galli untuk semua sampel feses dan pemeriksaan darah menunjukkan bahwa jumlah eritrosit 3.782 X 10^6/µL, kadar hemoglobin 12.16 g/L, PCV 43.18%, dan jumlah total leukosit 112.5 X 10^3/µL.