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Results in Journal LEKSIKA: 20

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LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3806

Abstract:
This study will analyze the translation of sentences in the text by giving consideration to the distribution of information presented in the form of Theme-Rheme relation. First we will identify Themes - Rheme in the sentences in the text and will analyze the results of the translation. The theme is information that is priori-tized in a sentence usually placed in the beginning of sentence, and Rheme is the proposed information. There are three types of Themes, namely Topical Theme, Interpersonal Theme, and Textual Theme. The object of discussion here is the Topical Themes, which are Themes relating to how the subject matter discussed in the clause or sentence is laid out. Topical themes are divided into two types: Marked Topical Theme and Un-marked Topical Theme. The analysis of Topical Themes are taken from a bilingual children's book entitled Sangkuriang from the publisher Nexx Media Inc., Bandung. Sangkuriang is one of the popular Indonesian folklore that tells of a very beautiful mother whose admirer is his own son. The text to be analyzed is part of the text that tells about the birth of Dayang Sumbi, the mother of Sangkuriang. From the result of the whole analysis, the source text consists of 10 Marked Topical Theme and Top 10 Unmarked Topical Theme. There are some Topical theme changes from the source text to the target text: a sentence with an Unmarked Topical Theme is translated into a sentence with a Marked Topical Theme, and vice versa. Based on the analysis of Topical Themes on the Source Text and Target Text it can be concluded that there are some sentences that have shifted Topical Themes. There have been some changes in information due to the shift in this Topical Theme, so it can be said that this translation is not good. At the end of the analysis is given an edit on the target text. The edit of this translation does not change the Topical Theme from the Source Text, so the sub-ject matter in each sentence of the Target text is the same as the subject matter in each sentence of the Source Text.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3805

Abstract:
This article provides an introduction to keys to ELT for the 21st century. The keys include these areas of dis-cussion: challenges of the 21st century, a ELT design for the 21st century, and roadmap for ELT in the 21st century and beyond. The article also presents an investigation and implementation of the design for the new environment. This article also presents examples of how the deign is successfully enhanced in ESL contexts. In the end, this article concludes with a roadmap of ELT for the future.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3804

Abstract:
This paper will explore the implementation of the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, in reaching the goal of creating autonomous learners. Autonomous Learner is the ultimate objective in teaching learning processes. It is the beginning of the long-life learning processes. By creating autonomous learners, the process of achieving better graduate quality will be more effective and efficient. To reach the goal of producing autonomous learners, the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, focuses its curriculum on the graduate abilities in “thinking how to think” and “learning how to learn” through the Competency Based Curriculum.Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) is the teaching learning planning which bases its objectives on the students’ competences. To achieve the ultimate goal of language learning the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta needs to choose the relatively most effective curriculum and method of teaching for the students. Therefore, the department chooses CBC that applies student centred learning (SCL) to achieve the autonomous learning model. The department also applies constructivism approach which enhance the students curiosity to accelerate the autonomous learning in the student centred learning.
Sumira Sumira, Nini Wahyuni
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2299

Abstract:
This Research and Development (R&D) study discussed about the development of feature radio as the model in making radio broadcasting product for English Department students of State Polytechnic of Padang. The aims of this research is to develop an appropriate model of feature radio that can be used as the standard model in conducting final project. The development was carried out through several steps, namely; needs analysis, product development, product validation, and revision. The needs analysis data were taken from syllabus, academic data, and interview. Meanwhile, the product validation were taken from experts’ judgment. The data were collected through analyzing syllabus, conducting interviews, and giving question-naires. The result of this research is a model of feature radio.Keywords— Feature radio, Research and Development, Pre-production, Production, Post Production
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2197

Abstract:
This paper is about the existence of linguistics landscape along the Soeharso’s street Purwokerto which shows the diverse people in using language of their stores, restaurants, eateries, cafes, or street vendor banner whereby traders use their own prominent language in monolingualism, bilingualism, or multilingualism. For restaurants, eateries, or street vendors, they include person’s name as their stall name, and also include the origin of the food pioneer to show their sense of solidarity, while shops, distros, cafes include English as a powerful weapon in attracting customers based on prestige. Both phenomenon are evidence of how the power and sense of solidarity are raised into the name of business places they build as their strategy in marketing and introducing their business.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2192

Abstract:
IELTS test nowadays becomes one of the most important thing to get for those especially who want to continue their study in English speaking country especially UK or Australia. Because of the important roles of this standardized tests, it effects on students’ lives around the world. This study is conducted to find out the IELTS test influence on learners preparing for a test on learning and teaching outcomes and an obvious path for IELTS teachers in order to modify their methods and strategy of teaching. Therefore, the present study has tried to investigate whether IELTS preparation classes have any influence on the learning processes and the achievement of students in such an examination. To obtain the data, the writers used library research. A qualitative analysis was employed by identifying and classifying the finding of previous research of washback effects of the IELTS test toward the learners. It was found that there are positive and negative washback effects of IELTS test toward the learners.
Maria Agustin Daniastuti
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2323

Abstract:
This study purposes is to find out the significance of motivation and teching learning technique effect toward students learning result score on speaking skill. this research was conducted at Tarciusius Vocational School Semarang and took thirty one students as data source. Experimental research was choosen to solve the research question with help of SPSS statistical prgram in order to increase the accuracy. This research were employed questionnaire, t-test, and f-test in data collection. Based on the finding, speaking skill learning result by using simulation technique and role play tend to achive better result on post-test than pre-test. Future testing shows that speaking skill learning result by using simulation technique significantly better than role play. Other findings show that high motivation studentssignificantly influence toward speaking learning result by using simulation technique and role play. In other hand Low motivation students does not significantly influence toward speaking skill learning result. Finally, this research conclude that simulation technique is appropriate learning technique in order to improve speaking learning result than role play.Keyword : Motivation, Simulation Technique, Role play
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2303

Abstract:
This article describes the study of discourse analysis in a specified domain of maxim upon a selected work of Japanese literature, in form of light novel written by Akira Kareno and illustrated by Ue, entitled equals in English as ‘What Do You Do at the End of the World? Are You Busy? Will You Save Us?’. Several objectives are deduced by the researcher in quest of finding the forms of these cooperative principles within the passage. Briefly, maxim itself is a maxim is a compact expression of a general truth or rule of conduct. Also known as a proverb, saying, adage, sentential, and precept, which emphasized the use of formulaic ways of conveying the common wisdom of the people. In our analysis of ‘WorldEnd’ light novel, the varieties of Gricean maxim: maxim of quantity, quality, relevance, and manner, are discussed in order in relation with true meaning discovery behind each cooperative principles properties.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2355

Abstract:
The study is aimed to find out the midwifery students’ need for the materials that they can use to learn English that is appropriate with their field as midwifery students, to describe the design of At-Work Conversation based materials for midwifery Students, and to find out the effectiveness of the materials to increase the students’ ability in making conversation in working situation or in improving the students’ communication skill. This is a Research and Development study (R and D). The researcher used theories of ESP material design Proposed by Hutchinson and Waters and John Munby in conducting the research. The procedure of the research consists of 3 steps namely exploring, designing product, and implementation and evaluation stages. In step one, the researcher conducted need analysis and investigating the existing product for the English teaching in Midwifery program of STIKES Muhammadiyah Gombong. In step 2, the researcher designed syllabus and the first draft of the materials based on the need analysis. In step 3, the researcher tried out the materials, and asked evaluation for the first draft of the materials and revised the first draft based on the evaluation results and wrote the final draft of the materials. Before the application of the materials, the researcher conducted the pre and post test to find out the effectiveness of the designed materials to improve the students’ communication skill. Based on the need analysis the researcher found that the midwifery theme based English materials were needed in line with the competence based curriculum applied in the Midwifery Program. The researcher designed the materials based on the communicative competences for midwifery students in 9 (nine) units namely I am a Midwife, Admission in a Private Midwife Clinic, Checking Vital Signs, Antenatal Care (ANC), Assisting Labor/ Childbearing, Dealing with Post partum women, Newborn Care, Family Planning and reproductive health Counseling and Providing Child health care. Each unit consists of four basic elements (sub titles). The effectiveness on the product can be shown from the improvement scores on the post test. The dependent sample T-Test statistic result shows value Sig (2-Tailed) 0.000 or less than 0.05 which means that score improvements of the pre and post test are significant. The results of the optional questioners given to the experts and students indicate positive mean and mode scores which mean that they mostly agreed with the statements on the questioners and agreed with the designed materials. It can be concluded that the materials made by the researcher are suitable for the midwifery students. Keywords: Designing English Material, Midwifery English, R and D
Furqonul Azies
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2346

Abstract:
This study explores (1) students’ perception of the implementation of ‘Reciprocal Q/A Presentation’ (Reqap) as a method, which is developed on three pedagogical principles: student centered learning, English as a medium of instruction (EMI), and authentic evaluation; (2) the anxiety level the students experienced during the classes using Reqap; and (3) their expectations of Reqap method. The respondents were students of the fifth semester at the English Department of Education and Teacher Training Faculty at Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto, Indonesia. It randomly took 41 out of 102 students of the semester. This research was descriptive in nature. The data were gathered through closed and open questionnaires. The findings revealed that (1) on average students had good perception of Reqap method (4.02) and (2) the students’ anxiety was at severe level (10.93), and (3) from the open questionnaire the data shows that (a) though it caused the high level of anxiety, the use of EMI brought about awareness in the importance of vocabulary and grammar, (b) authentic evaluation helped create positive backwash on the learning, (c) Reqap made students exerted themselves more, and (d) Reqap facilitated class management. The implications of this study point to the importance of using teaching methods characterized by student centered learning, EMI, and authentic evaluation.
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