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Results in Journal Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences: 35

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, Radhika Krishnan, Ponnurangam Kumaraguru
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 3, pp 21-31; doi:10.33422/jarss.v3i1.296

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Mandira Dasgupta
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 31-39; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i4.251

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to show the assimilated styles, motifs and designs of the Late Mediaeval Temple Architectures of Tripura. Like the other parts of India, Tripura has been an important centre of interaction of several cultures and traditions. The state is a home to numerous Tribes having different traditions and cultures. Therefore there is a wide variety in the life style and cultures of this state. Due to the friendly nature of the Manikya kings, the state was globally well connected. In the Royal courtyard, many scholars, artists, architects and other literates were invited for cultural exchanges at that time. We can see the influences of those sharing thoughts in the Architectures of this state. The temples constructed during the late 15th-16th century exhibits motifs influenced from the Indo-Islamic architectures, Bengal temples, Indo- Burmese style and other indigenous elements of this region. These temples reflect a synthesis of the arts, ideas, religious beliefs, values and the way of life during the Manikya ages.
Ewa Pośpiech, Adrianna Mastalerz-Kodzis
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 24-35; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i3.287

Abstract:
The employment level research is an important element of economic analyses supporting the conduct of efficient regional or country policy. Many factors influence the level of this phenomenon, these are demographic, social and economic factors. The employment level can be considered in various categories and the demographic changes encourage to carry out employment analyses by age. Therefore, the subject of the analysis was employment (employment rate) of the European Union countries broken down by age. The main purpose of the article was to show similarities and differences in the level and structure of employment occurring in the European Union countries, and besides, examining the existence of spatial patterns in the period under investigation. To achieve this goal, selected quantitative tools were used, including classic and positional measures of central tendency, indicators of dynamics (average change rate) and measures of interdependence between variables (Pearson's correlation coefficient). In addition, selected spatial autocorrelation measures (global and local Moran's statistic) were used to identify spatial dependences. Data for analyses were taken from the Eurostat database. The results of the research showed the changing employment structure (by age) in the European Union countries and showed the existence of certain spatial dependences, especially in the oldest group of employed persons.
Saman Abdulqadir Dizayi
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2; doi:10.33422/jarss.2019.05.06

K Artsiamionak
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2019.05.03

Anastasia Kitiashvili
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2019.05.04

A Torkhava
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2019.05.02

Isabel Urbano
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2019.05.01

Gülden Kazaz Çelik
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2018.04.26

Maria Sakellariou, Panagiota Strati, Konsolas Emmanouil
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2018.04.25

Magda Rukhadze
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2018.04.24

T Murugesan
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences; doi:10.33422/jarss.2018.04.20

Sedrata Yasser
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 37-47; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i2.217

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 36-45; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i3.228

Abstract:
New Zealand is considered an egalitarian society, with a progressive policy history in promoting gender equality, however, this paper illustrates how social policy does not always support this agenda. The objective of New Zealand Sole Parent Benefit is to provide temporal financial support to sole parents and their dependents while supporting a transition into formal paid employment. While ultimately aimed at increasing the labour force participation of sole parents, this paper queries to what extent the policy has achieved this objective and why. Recipient statistics are disaggregated by gender to highlight the disproportionate impact on, and unequal outcomes for women. Furthermore, a gendered analysis informed by feminist economists Naileer Kabeer, Diane Elson and Nancy Folbre, alongside statistical evidence of a gender pay gap, occupational segregation and motherhood penalty is applied to demonstrate how market constraints affect New Zealand women’s participation in the labour force, and contribute to the counter intuitive policy results. While these factors do not account for individual differences in motivation, nor individual aspirations, unless the gendered nature of the labour market is addressed, women will continue to face higher rates of engagement on the Sole Parent Benefit and continue to experience disproportionate economic disadvantage and financial insecurity. The consistent use of a gendered analysis in policy design and implementation is essential to reduce gender-based disadvantage, even in countries believed to promote gender equality.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 9-19; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i4.237

Abstract:
This ethnographic study is looking at objects to understand the Creolization process on Reunion Island. Objects evoke memory, emotion, imagination and validation. On Reunion Island, objects from the past, such as during the period of slavery and marronage, have very often disappeared or left little trace of their existence. This void has sometimes been interpreted as a part of a ‘veil of silence’ on the island around this painful part of history. However, there are some objects, which were intended for use in one context that have been (and are still being) decontextualized and put to use in totally new contexts. At the same time, this process of contextualization and decontextualization can be applied to the creation of a recently discovered Kingdom of Marons, which existed in the centre of the island for over 200 years. Where the original names in old Malgasy, which many of the slaves spoke, were turned into similar sounding French words. This decontextualized the meaning and the original context. We can also apply the same decontextualization process to objects such as the Alambic, originally used for distilling rum and later for essential oils. Sabres used as sacred objects in ceremonies on Reunion Island, began their life as recycled suspension metal from old trucks used to transport sugar cane. An examination of these practices and the role contextualization and decontextualization plays is a means to understand the process of Creolization on Reunion.
, Atik Septi Winarsih
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-8; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i4.236

Abstract:
Batu City as a city that has a popular tourist destination also faced with this problem. Some tourist objects and attractions (ODTW) and cultural events have been carried out through cooperation between the three pillars of tourism, but until now still encounter various obstacles that are generally not based on partnership. Paper is downloading said the cooperation between the government and the private sector and the community at events travel "Stone Flower Festival" in Batu based on partnership. In this event developed the concept of a new partnership to be able to give a theoretical explanation of the phenomena associated with the implementation of regional tourism affairs. With the new concept of partnership, clarity is gained about the role of stakeholders, the policies developed by the government and the impacts on stakeholders. The developed partnership is equal and autonomous, sharing benefits and risks, pooling of resources, high intensity, and valid for a long period. By using qualitative research methods and using interview techniques, focus group discussions and observations, this study of tourism partnerships results in the finding that the roles of each stakeholder are in accordance with their capacities, policies taken by the Batu City Government have led to partnerships through sharing management and resources, and the impact of the partnership brings an increase in local own-source revenue and community income. Recommendations that can be submitted so that the Batu Flower Festival event can be continued and involve a wider community and more massive promotions.
, Usman Hardius
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 20-30; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i4.238

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 48-60; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i2.218

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-17; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i3.221

Abstract:
This research aims to examine gender differences in parents’ expectations for the education of their children in China. With rich information from the 2013/14 wave of China Education Panel Survey Data, this study used the ordinary least squares regression with the statistical package STATA to examine the effects of teenager gender, the number of siblings and sibling sex composition on parents' educational expectations in China. Different from previous studies in China, this study found that parents have higher educational expectations for girls than for boys, and the higher rate of return to education for girls might be one of the explanations for this phenomenon. Additionally, residential areas, parents' educational levels, and father's occupational status show a significant impact on narrowing the gender gap in parents’ educational expectations. This study also focuses on the sibling composition in the family, which includes the number of siblings and the sibling sex composition. Consistent with the dilution model, a larger number of siblings has a negative impact on parents' educational expectations, but this impact has no gender differences. Besides, due to the previous family planning policy, a large number of Chinese families only have one child. This study found that in both one-child families and multiple-children families, parents still have higher educational expectations for girls, and even in multiple-children families this preference for girls to receive more education is more significant. Different as expected, sibling sex composition does not show any statistically significant influence on parents' educational expectations.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 18-23; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i3.222

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 61-65; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i2.219

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-9; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i2.214

Abstract:
Internet journalism has brought a new impetus to journalism. The events in the world are instantly transferred to the reader / viewer on television channels, social media and internet news sites. There is a rivalry between the media tools at the speed of the transfer of news. International media organizations belonging to different capital groups, while conveying the news to the audience / reader in a fast manner, occasionally violating the reporting criteria; they ignore the principles of neutrality in the news. Specially, international media organizations often violate the principles of impartiality in their news when broadcasting news about different countries. In this study, we will investigate how the news websites of different countries, CNN International, France 24, Al Jazeera, TRT World and BBC news portals convey Turkey's Peace Spring Operation to their readers in 2019 in the context of the principles of neutrality in the news. A discourse analysis method will be used in the study.
Changyue Minnie Ma
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 20-36; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i2.216

Abstract:
This paper examines the development of Chinese social media platforms and corresponding socio-economic indicators. Applying Bourdieu's concepts of cultural capital and Fukuyama’s concepts of social capital, this paper analyzes various social media platforms and their impact on mobility across social classes in China. Government regulations are highly involved in Chinese social media platforms. Through measuring education, consumption, income inequality, social mobility, and other related socio-economic indicators, this paper argues that the emergence of social media platforms revolutionizes the traditional social class structure and results in a unique social stratification in China. Social media platforms empower upper classes, middle classes, and working classes differently. This paper's central proposition is that the rise of social media blurs boundaries between middle and working classes, but strengthens the upper classes' distinctiveness and further consolidates their capital. The models applied in this paper advances our understanding of the rise of social media and its role in advocating for social mobility while also its role in facilitating class consolidation.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 40-56; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i4.252

Abstract:
In a fast-changing world different social institutions and organizations have emerged in order to maintain the well-being or the harmonious existence of human beings and much contribution has been done in the maintenance and the promotion of well-being of humanity. However, the modern era with its rapid developments confronted with many challenges such as environmental pollution, serious health issues, population growth and scarcity of food & sheltered specially the direct man-made issues related to the peace and co-existence of humanity. As a result, physical, social, mental and spiritual well-being has been greatly affected and damaged. Buddhist teachings emphasize that peace is dependent on the physical, social, mental and spiritual well-being of individuals living up wards in any society. Thus, it signifies a state of harmony and friendship, calmness and quietness and also the freedom from war and violence. Hence in the achievement of harmony and peace most significant is the identification and verification of the fundamental issues with impartiality, justice and honesty that lead to the warfare between the nations or countries which is the Buddhist standpoint. In the modern world warfare takes place from many aspects. They have been able to avoid such which is the only fact that humanity can be proud of in this civilized world. However, the situations within some countries are not satisfactory especially in some Asian and Middle East countries where there is divesting warfare between the divided groups who have the underhand support by the powerful. Such lead to the attitudinal change in the people where as their social consciousness becomes widened and deepened. Thus, the attitudinal change gradually takes place which is the key factor for lasting peace in the sustainable developmental countries. Thus (a) Respect for morality (b) Attitudinal change (c) Widening of social consciousness (d) Establishment of higher ideals are the key elements found in Buddhist teachings in theory and upwards practice.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 3, pp 18-20; doi:10.33422/jarss.v3i1.292

Abstract:
In the era of globalization, knowledge of foreign languages has become essential for companies looking to get into the international market. Knowledge of English only is not enough to communicate with countries where English is not the official language. Salespeople are disadvantaged if they do not speak the language or do not know the local client`s culture. Multilingualism and interculturalism are key and strategic instruments for establishing good business relationship, professional communication with foreign customers, business negotiations etc. Particularly in the EU, but also in Asia and Latin America, much attention is paid to the role of multilingualism and interculturalism in international trade. In this paper we present the first international trade activities in which multilingualism and interculturalism have an important role and the applicability of the approach of the languages for specific purposes in the companies planning to go to foreign markets.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 10-19; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i2.215

Abstract:
This study provides an assessment of globalization and its impact on top performing creative industries in Nigeria. The prospects and contributions of the Nigerian film, music and fashion industries to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) were highlighted in a bid to position Nigeria in the global creative space. The study adopted cognitive capitalism as its theoretical framework, and the role of culture as the major product of cognitive capitalism was explored as solutions for developing the Nigerian creative space. Empirical studies by leading research organizations and relevant agencies focused on analyzing the contributions of different sectors of the economy to national growth were reviewed. A review of secondary data indicates that the contributions of Nigeria’s creative industries to the global scale is on the rise. Factors that determine Nigeria’s role were obtained from secondary sources and were used to form the basis for the conclusions drawn by the study.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 61-67; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i3.230

Abstract:
This paper is focused on the anthropology of space, in architectural and cultural monuments of the mountainous village of Konitsa. Epirus is region that presents a harmonious collaboration between nature and people. The purpose of the anthropological research approach was focused on the way in which the dynamics of cultural heritage are perceived by local residents. The main research question concerns the perceptions of the social actors of the village of Konitsa regarding the cultural monuments in the region. The methodology of fieldwork had as a key tool the use of interviews, charts, discussions with the locals, walks, tours and visits as well as observation of locations, people and monuments. The inhabitants currently living in the wider area of Konitsa, are directly related to the tangible reality of history, folklore and tradition of monuments, something that can be easily detected through a wide range of aspects of the region’s ‘’social life’’ (Appadurai & Kopytoff, 1986). Although the cultural and traditional heritage refer to the past, they have a significant impact on the present era and they also have the ability to determine the future. (Bulter & Rowlahds, 2012). The cultural management is an advantage of Konitsa and the cooperation with the social associations, for example agriculture partnerships, can reduce the unemployment as well as the immigration and help in the economic development. This research paper is based on the fieldwork and theoretical lessons in the Summer School Konitsa 2016 of Border Crossing Network.
Keneilwe Rispah Moloi, Ricky Munyaradzi Mukonza
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 46-60; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i3.229

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 3, pp 9-17; doi:10.33422/jarss.v3i1.291

Abstract:
Anchored on the constructivist and social development theory, this study aimed to enhance the chemistry achievement of students in terms of the comprehension, application, and analysis cognitive levels. It also determined the specific factors in the constructivist approach that contributed significantly to students’ achievement and attitude. It employed quasi-experimental method, specifically the pretest – posttest two group design, utilizing both quantitative and qualitative techniques in collecting and analyzing the data. The use of the constructivist approach significantly enhanced the comprehension, application, and analysis cognitive skills. The group exposed to the constructivist approach performed better than the group exposed to the traditional teaching method. The constructivist strategies and students’ involvement have significant correlation on students’ achievement and attitude. Educators should develop students’ higher thinking skills using the constructivist approach in various disciplines. Some designed activities could be given after class hours, as project or assignment, to continue the processing of skill development.
, Katarzyna Zeug-Żebro
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 57-65; doi:10.33422/jarss.v2i4.253

Abstract:
The age structure of EU countries has changed significantly in recent years. These changes are mainly due to longer life expectancy, low fertility rates, and population migrations. Countries are trying to cope with the consequences of demographic changes by reforming the social care system, extending the retirement age, introducing additional social benefits promoting parenthood and supporting large families. Social security programs in EU countries are very diverse. The financial aspect plays an important role in social security systems. Social security is based on the redistribution of income between persons receiving remuneration from work and persons who, due to reaching retirement age, poor health, lack of employment or having many children receive social benefits. In view of the changing demographic situation, social security functions such as health care, pensions and benefits for large families require Member States to take immediate structural and financial change. In the study will carry out spatial analysis of social care system development in the European Union and will research the impact of social spending on the unemployment rate, household structure, birth rate or poverty level. In addition, the forecast of social expenditure in the EU will be designated. The use of spatial analysis will allow to determine the existing relations between the studied countries due to the level of development of the studied phenomenon. The analysis will be carried out on the basis of actual data from Eurostat.
Umme Habiba
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-8; doi:10.33422/jarss.v3i1.290

Abstract:
At the point when we discuss about atrocities against women, we don't allude to some new happenings yet it is an old phenomenon that has been permitted to go on. All through the ages from one period to another period women have been left to the abominations and carelessness. In all social orders, societies, areas or religious communities’ women have been subject to confront brutality from higher to the lower level and to the present day in India this has come to an alarming extent. The situation of women in Indian culture has been held under continuous dormancy while the exploitation against them is increasing repeatedly. The explanation, most likely, is that woman is considered as more vulnerable sex when contrasted with their contrary sex. This paper explains how women are being exploited in our patriarchal societies. The present paper also discusses about why women are being neglected in our male dominated society. The paper will also focus on various incidences of rape cases that occur in India.
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