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Results in Journal Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky: 205

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Iryna Darmanska, Oleh Sukhovirskyi
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 52-59; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-7

Abstract:
Today, Ukraine is on the verge of implementing reform changes aimed at improving the functioning of educational institutions, educational environment, working and learning conditions, etc. To this end, public authorities have adopted a number of legal documents that provide for the content and basic conceptual framework for the implementation of European integration standards. Every higher education institution must implicitly respond to these changes, as its mission should be to improve conditions within and outside the educational environment in relation to all participants of the educational process. In fulfilling its unique mission, each institution of higher education should have its own strategic vision for the development of the entire institution and individual specialties, which takes into account the individual peculiarities and needs of students and research-teaching staff. In order to form the current competences of the graduate of the relevant specialty, the higher education institution must constantly review the objectives and program learning outcomes, which will further affect the competitiveness of the student in the labour market. Each specialty must be in constant motion, development, systemic improvement. Particular attention in this process should be paid to the specialty 011 Educational, Pedagogical Sciences, as their graduates are future teachers of higher education institutions, which in the near future will influence the development processes of the future professionals in various fields. Therefore, the objective of the article is to highlight the optimal conditions that should be created by a higher education institution in the system of training of master’s degree students. To achieve it, theoretical (analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalisation) and practical (questionnaire, observation, conversation) methods have been used. In order to make the research objective and determine the needs of students, we conducted a survey, which showed not only the interest of students in the processes of development of the educational institution, but also allowed us to identify those factors that are the most appropriate for students in improving the quality of educational services. Taking into account the needs of students, we have proposed organisational and pedagogical conditions, the introduction of which will improve the quality of training of master’s degree students majoring in 011 Educational, Pedagogical Sciences.
Evgeny Zapadnyuk, Boris Sorvirov, Alexander Baranov
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 23-26; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-3

Abstract:
In the theoretical block of the article, the directions of application by countries of specific features of one country in the educational space of another are viewed through the prism of an agreed educational policy, complementarity of national educational systems, synchronization of actions achieved on the basis of regulation by supranational institutions. The article adapted foreign experience, including new trends in the field of education: decentralization and democratization of management, modification of educational programs and standards, the creation of non-state educational institutions, updating of the regulatory framework and the financial and economic mechanism in the field of education. Cooperation between the EAEU member states in the field of education was considered as a mechanism for the most effective development and solution of global problems. International academic mobility is analysed as one of the most important co-sponsoring processes for the internationalization of higher education and the integration of universities into the world educational space. The practical block is devoted to the problems of the formation and evolution of the educational services market in the conditions of innovative development of Russia and Belarus as members of the Eurasian Economic Union. The peculiarities of integration of education systems of Russia and Belarus in the market of educational services of the EAEU are considered. Factors leading to integration of member countries at the level of individual educational institutions are being investigated. Trends of gradual development of national educational systems of their state framework and emergence of foundations of unified educational space of the Eurasian Economic Union are analyzed. Trends are highlighted that hinder the development of the export of educational services of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Lyudmila Bogaichuk, Zinaida Borysiuk
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 34-42; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-5

Abstract:
The article presents some aspects of teaching and training future specialists in the sphere of decorative and applied arts alongside some issues devoted to the development of their opinion that modern artistic textiles are innovative means of decorative and applied arts and play a significant role in the development of creative competence of textile artists. The need to rethink the history of textiles in Ukraine and analyse the problems of its current artistic and industrial state, especially in the Southern regions, has been grounded. It has been proved that the role of artistic textiles, together with carpet weaving and batik, in the socio-cultural and economic development of Ukraine’s artistic space remains relevant today. Special attention is given to the genetic basis for using Ukrainian textiles (the spiritual component of the ornamental carpet) through the symbolism of which representatives of all segments of the population tried to identify with Ukraine, this basis being an integral component in the development process of the professional competence of future specialists in the sphere of decorative and applied arts. It has been substantiated that one cannot forget the ancient traditions of textile art; it is necessary to revive them in original modern forms, to promote the development of experimental tendencies, to work creatively with textiles while teaching the course "Decorative and Applied Arts", to show how promising it is in its artistic and cultural essence, to provide an analysis of the exhibition activity as a guarantee for the development of creative search, a stimulator to the creative activity of a future specialist in decorative and applied arts. The purpose of the article is to identify the interrelations and interactions of folk and professional art; to outline the role of profession-centred art education in the development of artistic textiles in Ukraine; to analyse experimental tendencies and concepts of Ukraine’s modern professional textiles. The conclusions state that the language and style of the Ukrainian textile art has always depended on traditions and national sources, as well as on the latest trends in Western European Art. The analysis of the existing methodological approaches to teaching future specialists in decorative and applied arts, aimed at searching for new methods of improving the quality of education, and developing their professional competence enables us to assess the idea of innovative learning, teaching and assessment in a new way. An important condition for successful training of future professionals in the sphere of decorative and applied arts is the development of their creative competence, which includes the ability to emotionally perceive the environment, to creatively transform it, the awareness of the culture of peoples and nations in different periods of society development, to master universal human values, including creative values, providing creative self-realisation and self-development.
Luka Basanets, Tetiana Maslova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-2

Abstract:
Article addresses the theoretical meaning of artistic conventionality. Its fundamental role in painting is undeniable and is to be not only familiarised with, but also studied thoroughly. The mastering of a complex and voluminous morphology of artistic conventionality alongside the lack of literature sources concerning its features in the visual arts, in particular in painting, which is the main object of our attention, are laborious parts of this process. The article: a) proposes the introduction of three steps in the study of conventionality at the initial stages of training with a detailed description of the general provisions on artistic conventionality, in order to ensure a conflict-free process of mastering a complex body of knowledge in the future; b) provides selection of the information from its total amount concerning the artistic conventionality in fine arts, emphasising its presence in painting. The article realises the intention to supplement the information on artistic conventionality with the analysis of the class and genre indicators of painting. The systematic study of artistic conventionality is becoming a factual way enabling us to enrich the level of professional literacy of students - future teachers and practising artists.
KaMala Yunis
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 7-12; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-1

Abstract:
As for the qualitative definition of the theoretical structure of the concept of algorithm, obtained by building a system of its study on the basis of component analysis in the article, it should be completed by studying the types of algorithmic processes. Three common types of such processes (linear, branching and recursive) play a slightly different role here. The first two types are somewhat simple, as we tried to show in Example 1, it would be natural to use them in the study of the components of the algorithm. Recursive processes can be applied to the play of already separated concepts. There are plenty of examples in various sections of Algebra, such as the "sequences" section, in particular. Finding the approximate value of an expression using the Heron formula can be a good example of recursive processes. The purpose of the research is to develop a methodological system that identifies opportunities to improve the quality of integrated mathematics teaching in V-IX grades and connect it with computer technology as well as identifies ways to apply it in the learning process. Textbooks often show the performance of a particular action on a few specific examples. We come across different situations here. Sometimes the rule is stated after the solution of the work, and sometimes the work is considered after the expression of the rule. The third case is possible, there is no definition of the rule in the textbook, but specific examples of the application of the formed algorithm are considered. This is quite common in school textbooks, especially when considering complex algorithms. In such cases, it is accepted to call the solutions of the studies as examples. The sample solution must meet certain requirements. Let's separate some of them from the point of view of the formed algorithm: the most characteristic cases of the considered type of problem should be considered; numerical data should be selected in such a way that the necessary calculations can be performed orally in order to draw students' attention to the sequence of elementary operations that make up the steps of the formed algorithm. If the problem-solving example meets these requirements, then the type of problem assigned to it can be considered as an algorithm for solving the problem. If, depending on the initial data, there are several fundamentally different cases of problem solving, it is necessary to consider examples of problem solving for each such case.
Alexandra Gerkerova, Iryna Lukyanchenko, Tetiana Yeremenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 43-51; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-6

Abstract:
In today’s conditions of globalization, social transformations, and digitalisation of modern society the research becomes topical. Any modern social and professional sphere requires fluency in English. Effective oral and written communication requires intensification of university students’ educational activity via internal motivation development. Digital technologies, which are an integral part of modern youth’s life, were chosen as a means of internal motivation formation. The purpose of the study was to determine the role of digital technologies as a means of internal motives formation in training future English language and literature teachers. The data were collected with the help of the following methods: pilot training,, content analysis of digital tools for teaching English, surveys (questionnaires and research interviews) and scientific (pedagogical) observation. The study theoretically substantiates and experimentally confirms the effectiveness of the proposed digital technologies, the use of which promotes the development of internal motives at university students in the process of learning English. Tasks that involved the active use of messengers and selected digital tools were developed. Such messengers as WhatsApp, Viber, Telegram, Facebook and digital tools for learning English as Duolingo, Quizlet, Learnenglish Podcast, Speak – practice your English, Lingualeo were selected. As a result of the research it is proved that the use of digital technologies in both extracurricular and extracurricular work has a positive effect on the formation of university students’ internal motives that helps to improve their academic achievements in learning English at special faculty.
Mykhailo Yatsura, Anna Gamarnyk, Andriy Bezhenar, Olga Tadeush, Darya Yemelyanova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 60-67; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-8

Abstract:
The relevance of the study is explained by the need to increase the level of teaching Physics, to identify and develop creative abilities of both schoolchildren and students, future teachers of Physics. The preparation for Olympiads and their holding helps to raise interest in Physics. The analysis of scientific sources shows that, despite the interest of scientists in the problem of organising and improving the preparation of students for the Physics Olympiads, this problem needs further study. In particular, the pedagogical conditions for preparing students for the Physics Olympiads have not been identified; effective methods, forms and means of teaching, possibilities of information and communication technologies aimed at training students for the Physics Olympiads have not been sufficiently studied, which is especially relevant in distance training. The purpose of the study is to identify and implement pedagogical conditions for training students majoring in Secondary Education (Physics) at Ushynsky University, to develop skills in solving school Olympiad problems. In accordance with the set goal, pedagogical conditions for preparing future Physics teachers to solve school Olympiad problems have been identified and introduced into the educational process, namely: creation of interactive interaction between teachers and students in the process of solving Olympiad problems; use of modern Internet technologies, distance learning methods in the educational environment as an important factor in intensifying independent work in the process of profession-oriented training in solving school Olympiad problems. According to students, the introduction of certain pedagogical conditions contributed to increasing the level of profession-oriented training aimed at future teachers of Physics, the development of these skills: the ability to interest students in Physics; create an atmosphere of emotional enthusiasm in teaching Physics; teach basic algorithms and approaches to solving non-standard problems; to teach non-standard thinking and initiative not only in solving physical problems, but also in solving life situations; to increase the level of knowledge of English in a professional direction.
Lеsiа Kаrnаukh
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 27-33; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-4

Abstract:
Thе rеlеvаncе of thе rеsеаrch is stipulаtеd by thе fаct thаt gеndеr sociаlisаtion is аn importаnt componеnt of gеnеrаl sociаlisаtion of thе pеrsonаlity, а spеcific procеss of sociаl diffеrеntiаtion bеtwееn sеxеs undеr thе influеncе of thе еducаtionаl procеss, culturе, sociеty trаditions. Thе purposе of thе rеsеаrch is to аnаlysе thе thеorеticаl foundаtions of pеrson’s gеndеr dеvеlopmеnt аnd to substаntiаtе thе mеthodology of rеsеаrch rеlаtеd to gеndеr sociаlisаtion of sеnior prеschoolеrs. Gеnеrаl tеndеnciеs of psychologicаl-аnd-pеdаgogicаl rеsеаrch in thе fiеld of gеndеr problеmаtics using thе mеthods of systеm-аnd-structurаl аnаlysis, compаrison, gеnеrаlisаtion, systеmаtisаtion of pеdаgogicаl, psychologicаl sciеntific sourcеs hаvе bееn rеvеаlеd in thе аrticlе. Thе kеy dеfinitions of thе rеsеаrch: "gеndеr", "gеndеr idеntificаtion", "gеndеr rolе", "gеndеr sociаlisаtion" hаvе bееn аnаlysеd within thе contеnt of thе аrticlе; thе spеcifics of thе procеss of gеndеr dеvеlopmеnt of sеnior prеschoolеrs undеr conditions of intеrаction of prеschool еducаtionаl еstаblishmеnts аnd fаmily hаs bееn clаrifiеd. Thе diаgnosеd mеthodology which dеtеrminеd thе lеvеls аnd corrеsponding critеriа chаrаctеrising complеtеnеss of sеnior prе-schoolеrs’ gеndеr sociаlisаtion (cognitivе, еmotionаl, vаluе-oriеntеd аnd bеhаviourаl) bаsеd on thе thеorеticаl аnаlysis of psychologicаl-аnd-pеdаgogicаl litеrаturе hаs bееn substаntiаtеd. Еаch critеrion includеd а group of quаlitаtivе indicаtors thаt rеvеаlеd thе contеnt аnd chаrаctеrisеd thе lеvеls of complеtеnеss of sеnior prеschoolеrs’ gеndеr sociаlisаtion. Thе usеd diаgnosеd mеthodology mаdе it possiblе to diffеrеntiаtе thе complеtеnеss lеvеls of childrеn’s gеndеr sociаlisаtion rаnging sаtisfаctory, mеdium аnd low. Thе rеsults of thе rеsеаrch аllowеd chаrаctеrising complеtеnеss of sеnior prеschoolеrs’ gеndеr sociаlisаtion аs а rеsult of mаstеring idеаs аbout morаl norms of gеndеr rеlаtions in sociеty, еmotionаl аnd vаluе-oriеntеd аttitudеs to thеm аlongsidе thе lеаrning of thе modеls of fеmininе аnd mаsculinе bеhаviour implеmеntеd in communicаtion procеss. Thе problеm undеr rеsеаrch opеns prospеcts for substаntiаtion аnd аpprobаtion of thе mеthodology аnd pеdаgogicаl conditions for еffеctivе implеmеntаtion of gеndеr sociаlisаtion of sеnior prеschoolеrs аt а formаtivе rеsеаrch stаgе.
Tetyana Hordienko, Larysa Dubrovska, Valery Dubrovsky
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 68-74; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-9

Abstract:
The article clarifies the content of the concepts "person with special educational needs", describes the features of the organization of education in an inclusive classroom in mathematics lessons; identified special educational needs of primary school children with disabilities on the basis of a secondary school, explored effective ways of inclusive work in mathematics lessons in modern primary school. Innovative technologies of multilevel support of participants of educational process are offered: technology of adaptation of the child to a new educational level; teacher support technology; technology to help the child in the learning process; family interaction technology; technology of personality education. The following methods of inclusive learning in mathematics lessons in primary school are described: supportive learning, parallel learning, alternative learning, learning in small groups, alternate learning, team learning. Innovative technologies are considered, which realize the complex multilevel character of support of participants of pedagogical process and by means of which support of participants of educational process at lessons of mathematics is carried out: technology of adaptation of the child to new educational level; teacher support technology; technology to help the child in the learning process; family interaction technology; technology of personality education. The aspects that belong to the category of methodological and educational requirements and which must be performed by the teacher in mathematics lessons in an inclusive classroom are indicated: the topic of the lesson should correspond to long-term planning; pedagogical communication should have clearly defined goals, adaptation of the structure of the mathematics lesson. Options for solving the problem of planning a math lesson and creating a lesson outline in an inclusive classroom, focusing on children with special educational needs. Planning a math lesson in an inclusive classroom should include both general education tasks to meet the educational needs within the state standard and correctional and developmental tasks.
Yuri Nesin
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 55-60; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-7

Abstract:
Relevance of the study is substantiated by the need for the optimisation of foreign languages education in non-linguistic higher education establishments at economic faculties that are particularly influential on the process related to the acquisition and memorising of linguistic material. The purpose of the study is to analyse the English textbook «Enterprise 4» issued by the Publishing house «Express Publishing» as an effective means of communication. Special attention is paid to the correspondence of the content of the textbook to its aim, expediency of using the mentioned textbook at practical sessions at higher educational institutions at economic faculties by the students majoring in Hotel and Restaurant Business. The methods used are as follows: the methodological aspect of the textbook is stressed; the author emphasises a positive role of the data obtained and the introduction, underlining the aim of lessons for seekers of higher education. The scholar examines the usage of the most spread types of tests: asking-answering questions, translating, matching, completing, gap-filling, information transferring, recording, correcting, paragraphing, multiple choice, finding differences (similarities) and so on. Results: the article underlines the importance of the textbook’s functions, the necessity to include into the educational process such creative tasks as working out portfolios, group work, making notes, making up dialogues, organisation of discussions, presentations, role-playing. Unquestionable advantages of the “Enterprise 4” textbook are as follows: complete compatibility to the requirements of the teaching programs, prominent clarity of the material structuring, availability of technical support for the textbook users, visible scientific correctness in the contents and completeness in the revealing of the main issues, the use of up-to-date and generally accepted scientific terms. The lexical and grammar material is practice-oriented, its interactions with life is obvious. The textbook shows the ways to the differential approach to teaching new material; its content correlates with age characteristics of higher school students. The language of the mentioned material is clear and simple. One can trace comparative studies in the textbook (American English – British English reference book). Motivation of the youth’s learning activities, development of their interest to the subject by using the methods proposed in the textbook show the presence of problematic and searching tasks. The didactic adequacy of the tasks system given in the textbook, its capacity to facilitate students’ independent activities alongside the logic of the illustrative material layout and use are considerable advantages of the textbook as both a stand-alone and an additional information source. Conclusions: this article accents on further development of the four language activities at the English lessons – listening, speaking, reading and writing, as well as on four competences –linguistic, speaking, social-cultural and strategic (general learning) ones.
Yuliia Rudenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 75-81; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-10

Abstract:
The article considers the specifics of teaching the discipline "Methods of Acquainting Children with Ukrainian Ethnography in Establishments of Preschool Education" in terms of distant and blended learning. The educational and methodological complex of the course is elaborated in accordance with the syllabi; program learning outcomes; a list of general and profession-related competences that are expected to be formed while studying the discipline; lectures, seminars, practical, laboratory classes; tasks for independent work; individual educational research tasks; evaluation criteria for different types of work for all types of control, etc. At the initial stage of teaching the discipline, a special seminar was held for students – future educators on the topic "Organisation of distance learning using Microsoft Teams software». During a specialised seminar, the future educators were acquainted with: the features of the online content of Microsoft Teams; registration procedure on the platform; obtaining an access password and e-mail address to participate in the work of virtual classes and commands; organisation of the educational process, remote dialogic communication using Microsoft Teams resources; creation of a library of learning materials (lecture notes, video lectures, presentations on the content of lectures, assignments for seminars, practical classes, etc.); possibilities of placing practical materials (tasks for practical classes, independent work, individual educational research tasks, etc.) with the help of OneDrive. The specialised seminar helped to increase the level of digital, information-related, information-digital competence of future educators of preschool educational institutions, which was a prerequisite for success in mastering profession-related disciplines. The article provides instructions for organising practical classes and lectures on the course "Methods of Acquainting Children with Ukrainian Ethnography in Establishments of Preschool Education", prescribes the procedure for testing (current (modular) and final testing). The testing of the programme outcomes using Microsoft Teams and Office 365 software allowed us to optimise the teaching of the course within blended and distance learning.
Nataliia Shylina
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 16-23; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-2

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the problem of distance education, namely, education and upbringing under pandemic conditions. The relevance of the use of new computer and information learning technologies has been demonstrated. The connection of information technologies with the “Z” generation has been outlined as the main education idea of the person of the future. The issue of the coronavirus epidemic, which forced the urgent restructuring of all spheres of people’s social life around the world, is addressed in the article. As a result, the problem of the global transition to distance learning under severe quarantine is becoming urgent. The author analyses domestic and foreign pedagogical experience of distance education. Among domestic authors, this problem was studied by O. Kuznetsova, E. Naumenko, O. Onishchenko. Actually, O. Kuznetsova highlights the advantages and disadvantages of distance learning. Foreign researches highlight the technical problems of online education, as well as the problems that lie beyond the purview of technology. These are the problems as follows: student’s ability to communicate and play is limited by the environment within the Internet. These elements are critical to students' ability to develop their emotional and social intelligence. Teachers try to deliver personalised instruction to students in a virtual setting, and the responsibility, instead, falls to parents who may not be up to the task. Many students’ dormitories do not promote learning. The purpose of our study was to analyse the conditions of distance learning according to the following criteria: organisational and methodological support, technical support, psychological difficulties in accordance with the example of Odessa National O. S. Popov Academy of Telecommunications (ONAT). Thus, the availability of normative documents and provision of remote content has been analysed. 80 teachers and 150 students used the survey method and revealed that firstly, which online resources teachers most often use during distance education and secondly, what technical and psychological difficulties the participants of the educational process face. The data were analysed and fixed in the table.
Liudmyla Berezovska
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 61-68; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-8

Abstract:
The article deals with the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on family relationships. It is noted that any family has been in a difficult position for more than a year, which has adversely affected all areas of its livelihoods and led to an increase in the number of divorces, and, as a result, of incomplete families. Therefore, it is not surprising that family problems, family relationships, attract scientists’ particular attention. Taking into account the importance and relevance of the outlined problems, we have analysed the factors of interpersonal interaction which negatively affect family well-being; they are: conflict relations between spouses, increased emotional tension, lack of communication, the authority of one of spouses, misunderstanding and imposing of inadequate social roles, low level of culture in family relationships. To determine the impact of quarantine on family relationships, a questionnaire was developed on the on-line platform of Google-Forms. 84 married couples were involved into a survey. The analysis of the results testified that in a third of the polled families who took part in the study, significant problems associated with the organisation of family life under conditions of the quarantine arose. This is the evidence that members of the family are not able to spend time together, they lack joint topics and interests, lacking respect and mutual understanding or tolerance towards each other. Working with various types of families (prosperous, non-social, those with low-income, large families), it is necessary for a social worker to take into account the peculiarities of working with different families and, on this basis, to use adequate forms and methods of work. In order to prevent destructive consequences caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, social workers need to strengthen advisory work in on-line and offline formats for the importance of communication within interpersonal relationships, demonstrating openness and trust in relations, adequate behavioural models in conflict situations. Socio-pedagogical work with the family within a quarantine should be aimed at restoring lost trust, harmonisation of married couples’ relationships, creating a favourable microclimate in the family. An important step in raising the culture-related level of family relationships is the creation of innovative complexes of programs by social service centres intended for families, children and youth on the on-line platforms.
Anna Boiarska-Khomenko, Svitlana Zolotukhina, Olena Druganova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 24-32; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-3

Abstract:
In the article, the concept of readiness for professional career growth of postgraduate students majoring in 011 Educational, Pedagogical Sciences has been defined. The principles of training postgraduate students of the third (educational and scientific) level of higher education have been revealed. They are: "flexibility"; the relationship between labour and vocational training; the unity of professional competences, interest and practical orientation; the integrity of education. A typical career trajectory was presented in three variants. The article proved that the analysis of motives for professional growth begins at the stage of admission to postgraduate courses. An appropriate place in the content of postgraduates’ training is given to the disciplines ensuring the development of universal basic skills (soft skills): "Academically and professionally oriented communication (“English / German / French / Ukrainian / Russian)", "Grant and Project Activities", "World Development and Domestic Pedagogical Thought". The development of universal skills of the researcher is provided by disciplines of applicants’ free choice ("Theoretical Foundations of Didactic Research", "Current Issues of Comparative Research", "History of Pedagogy as a Science and Direction of Pedagogical Research", etc.). The training for further career growth is closely related to the introduction of innovative technologies within general, active and interactive teaching methods (modelling of professional situations, role-playing games, storytelling, case study method, elements of cooperative learning) (group practical tasks), discussion, master class, etc.). A proper place in the educational process is given to research and teaching (pedagogical) practice. The university is working to form a "feedback" system with graduates and leading employers in the field of higher education. In particular, the Association of Alumni, a network of clubs alongside creative and sports teams were created. The membership in the Council of Young Scientists, which operates at the university, is an incentive for career growth in scientific activity.
Oleksiy Kozachenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 69-74; https://doi.org/10.24195/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-9

Abstract:
The article provides a theoretical analysis of psychological, pedagogical and methodological principles of teaching dialogic speaking. The relevance of the study is related to the need for scientific development and implementation of a model related to teaching dialogic speaking, which will effectively develop quality skills and relevant competencies. The methodological basis for teaching dialogic speaking is the systemic dynamic unity of interconnected and interdependent situational semantic and linguistic characteristics of this form of speaking realised in the model. The article pays attention to the main provisions of the theory of verbal communication which are a real basis for building a system of situational teaching / learning of dialogic speaking within a single complex “situation – meaning – language”. The gradual approximating of educational situations to natural dialogue is based on a number of well-known didactic principles, the observance of which is considered by the author as an important component of the teaching / learning system. Theoretical analysis of the problem regarding classification of exercises for teaching dialogic speaking as the main element of the educational process has been carried out. Basing on the analysis, it has been determined that an exercise should comprise situational, semantic (meaning-centred) and linguistic characteristics of dialogic speech; whereas their systematic application, while being trained, should be aimed at mastering stylistically marked units alongside syntactic and lexical-syntactic phenomena typical for conversational style of dialogic speaking, as well as at practicing a set of operations of semantic order and operations related to the memory peculiarities. Taking into account all these aspects will allow building an effective model of teaching / learning, namely to clearly formulate the requirements to the main component of the education system, to select the most effective ones, as well as to integrate them into an overall model aimed at developing skills and abilities of dialogic foreign language speaking.
Yemelyanova Yemelyanova, Tadeush Tadeush, Anna Gamarnyk, Mykhailo Yatsura,
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 82-89; https://doi.org/10.24195/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-11

Abstract:
At the moment, the creation of methodological support for academic disciplines is an urgent problem of organizing the educational process in higher education institutions. As you know, the methodological support for the study of an academic discipline consists of four independent methodological documents: the program of the academic discipline, the working program of the academic discipline, the syllabus and the electronic educational and methodological complex of the discipline. The purpose of the study is a comparative analysis of these documents to determine their role in the organization of the educational process. The program of the academic discipline is the main normative document that determines the place and significance of the discipline in the implementation of the educational and professional training of the student, its content, the amount of knowledge, skills and abilities determined by the relevant competencies, as well as the sequence and organizational forms of studying the academic discipline. It is developed by one of the highly educated teachers of the department, discussed at a meeting of the department and approved by it, after which it becomes a working methodological document of the department. Based on a comparative analysis of the structure and content of the program, work program, syllabus and educational-methodological complex of the discipline, which are the main components of educational and methodological support for the study of the discipline, it has been established that all components of the work program in one form or another are repeated in the syllabus and educational-methodological complex discipline. At the same time, in contrast to the work program of the discipline, in the last two methodological components, these components have a large semantic content that is necessary in the educational work of students. In addition, the information contained in the syllabus and the educational-methodical complex of the discipline, the student can use at any time, since these documents are contained in electronic form on the websites of libraries of higher educational institutions and departments, which own the discipline, and the work program of the discipline is stored in paper form at the department and students' access to it is limited. The conducted comparative analysis leads to the conclusion that the work program of the academic discipline is not a necessary link in the methodological support of the discipline study.
Olena Yakovenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 41-47; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-5

Abstract:
The article revises the issue of studying foreign experience in improving the professional development of teaching staff. Remarks are made on the need to modernise the system of advanced training of pedagogical and research-pedagogical staff. Updating the system of advanced training, the creation of new structures is one of the priority directions of state policy in any country; it is aimed at ensuring the professional growth of a specialist. The achievement of a new quality of education is associated with the reorientation of education for preparing people for life, for solving the issues related to guaranteed employment, for the requirements of a fleeting society and technological changes. Education is viewed as a lifelong process that needs not only to be corrected, but also changed and transformed. The main features of advanced training have been analysed; the peculiarities of advanced training intended for research-pedagogical staff in such foreign countries as the USA, Great Britain and Germany have been investigated. The author emphasises that postgraduate pedagogical education in these countries is distinguished by a structural diversity, a variety of content, forms and methods of education, which is grounded by the specific features of the countries’ historical development, national traditions and priorities of educational needs of research-pedagogical staff (RPS). At the same time, external factors significantly influence the systems that have formed in modern Ukraine: the processes of globalisation of society, the internationalisation of education, the activities of international organisations that accumulate progressive pedagogical ideas and put forward urgent requirements for its improvement. As the author notes, in Ukraine, the work to improve the system of advanced training of domestic RPS, as well as in other countries, is carried out in all directions, using modern forms and methods. However, the author singles out two problems: 1) unsatisfactory technical support; 2) some resistance to innovation due to the human factor. The author sees the further development of the subject in expanding the range of studied countries, studying the content of advanced training courses and in analysing advanced training programs intended for research-pedagogical staff.
Alla Bogush
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 7-15; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-1

Abstract:
The preschool education institution is the first educational link in the continuous education system of Ukraine. The future of our state depends on the level of education of the youngest citizens. The current stage of society development requires the traditional forms and methods in the work of teaching staff rethinking. Also it includes the training of creative teachers at preschool education institutions, who are able to combine professional knowledge, skills and abilities acquired in the education process with advanced innovative technologies of education and upbringing of the youngest citizens of Ukraine. And on top of it easily to design a new modern educational models at preschool education institutions. The primary role in the modernization vector of modern preschool education institutions functioning consists in searching of new interactive methods of educational work with children, as well as with the teaching staff and parents belongs primarily to preschool education institutions authorities. The pedagogical staff of preschool education institution is headed by the director and the teacher-methodologist. The last is the responsible for quality of educational work with children. She is a highly educated, professionally competent, pedagogical specialist who supervises the pedagogical work of teachers at preschool education institution: provides methodological assistance to teachers, summarizes and implements the advanced pedagogical experience, promotes the career enhancement of teachers, organizes the cooperation with parents, public organizations, school, plans educational work of at preschool education institution - with children and teaching staff. One of the modern interactive directions of teacher-methodologist’s activity is project- language behavior. The article reveals the categorical apparatus of research and positioned the professionally oriented glossary, such as: "project" and derivatives of this concept: project method, project techniques, project technologies, project activities, project and implementation activities, pedagogical project. There is defined the phenomena of " Project- language behavior of teacher-methodologist of preschool education institution” and different types are characterized: the project subject of project- language behavior. We understand the project in language behavior as purposeful perspective planning of innovative, interactive forms, methods, technologies of native language teaching for children, united by one theme, aimed at achieving a positive result in the cooperation of children and teacher, under her guidance and control in various language behaviors. We consider the of project- language behavior of the project- language behavior of preschool education institution as a multifunctional, multidimensional, constructive-planning language behavior aimed at providing the educational- language behavior process in different age groups of preschool education institution with the latest innovative technologies and interactive methods of language improvement and native language teaching to children in early age, carrying out intermediate control and assistance in their implementation, which will objectively assess the results obtained at the final stage. The principles of language behavior organization of the teacher-methodologist and types language behavior are characterized.
Yulia Romanyshyn
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 33-40; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-4

Abstract:
The presented study considers the current problem of the pedagogical process of higher education institution – knowledge transfer and exchange in the form of knowledge-based communications in the teaching / learning process of higher school based on ICT tools. It is highlighted that information tools for providing the learning process should be structured according to the importance of synchronous and asynchronous tools, where synchronous tools should be given a secondary role. The feedback they provide is an important contribution to the task related to the evaluation of the pedagogical influence on the audience in traditional or online modes. The importance of such subordination is typical both of lectures, seminars, laboratory and practical classes. Among the characterised modern information tools of the organisation of e-learning in institutions of higher education, discussion forums are singled out. Initially, discussion forums were used as a form of online entertainment. With the development of the Internet industry, their main purpose is shifted to the area of the tasks dealing with building relationships with customers (participants of the learning process, i.e. students). It`s worth emphasising that discussion forums have been performed very well in terms of their application in online learning. This allows transferring all possible spontaneous or purposeful discussions that can arise within a real audience in a separate type of time-related and spatially mediated web-based communication. Such a communication will be effectively continued within the framework outlined by the external moderator (i.e. a teacher). Using the peculiarities of discussion forums allows implementing them as an information and learning tool with all the necessary settings in accordance with the information needs of specific users, their groups and moderation levels. Thus, discussion forums are a kind of network-based means of knowledge transfer in the information and learning environment of higher school. Learning discussion forums are a type of information exchange, which is provided by relevant communication means and information instruments. It is their use that enables the organisation of the teaching / learning process for virtual communities and training profession-based communication in the web environment of the information space of higher education institutions.
Anzhela Budnik, Nina Bosak
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 48-54; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-6

Abstract:
The article considers the theoretical foundations for perceiving and understanding a work of art by foreign (non-native) speakers, outlines the types of comments that are actively implemented during the processing of literary texts at philological faculties by foreign communicators within the educational environment. It is proved that when studying the Russian language at the Faculty of Philology of Ushynsky University, foreigners encounter a number of obscure facts that are not related to the boundaries of vocabulary, grammar, phonetics or stylistics, but rather to extralinguistic spheres: social, domestic or historical. Thus, the thesis regarding the inseparability of foreign language learning from acquaintance with the culture of the country the language of which is studied, its history, religion, socio-cultural traditions, features of the national worldview of the native people is generally recognised in linguodidactics. The main purpose of such training is the need to form linguistic competence and ensure communicative competence in the acts of intercultural communication through adequate perception of the interlocutor's language and understanding of original works. It is substantiated that the perception of works of art is achieved by special comments for foreign communicants. These linguistic comments are one of the main means of forming linguistic competence.
Olena Polishchuk
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 117-127; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-15

Abstract:
The problem of readiness for profession choice in the process of profession-related self-determination of high school students in Ukraine is quite relevant. The real situation requires a person to constantly choose life goals and means to achieve them. The current situation in society requires the simultaneous manifestation of two functions: individual psychological characteristics, social lability, flexibility on the one hand; and on the other hand, the development of person’s identity, which forms an inner "core", which is an indicator of readiness for profession choice. In this regard, social and psychological support is needed to form the readiness of high school students to make a conscious choice of profession. In recent years, there has been a reassessment of the "prestige" of professions, as well as socio-economic changes in the country have increased the concern of young people: "What to be?". Practice shows that a certain percentage of graduates still does not see a bright life path, does not imagine their professional career, cannot adequately assess their professional prospects. This is due to the fact that high school students do not have sufficient information about the needs of the labour market, do not know how to consider the socio-economic conditions that determine the type and nature of profession-n related activity; they have no idea about the nature of work. Most young people strive to achieve the desired way of life, to obtain some professional recognition; however, specific professional activities are not considered by them as part of the future way of life. The purpose of the article is a theoretical analysis of the scientific problem of high school students’ profession choice. Research methods: analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature; comparative-historical method of foreign and domestic experience in forming socio-psychological readiness of high school students to join the Free Economic Zone. The analysis of the psychological and pedagogical literature shows that the study of the problem regarding profession choice considers this process as purposeful, which consists of motivating and appropriately structured actions.
Olena Hudz
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 71-78; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-9

Abstract:
The article substantiates the essence, content and method of developing artistic empathy. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the methods of vocal training that are effective in developing the artistic empathy of the future Music teachers. The purpose of the article is realised through the use of methods of theoretical research: analysis, synthesis, generalisation, deduction, induction, extrapolation. The article clarifies the meaning of the concept "empathy" as a psychological process based on penetration into the inner world of a person. Empathy is interpreted as the integration of emotional and cognitive aspects of cognition. The components of empathy in the context of psychological research have been determined. Empathy as a factor in regulating the effectiveness of pedagogical communication has been studied. Empathy acts as a tool for establishing emotional contact. The procedural aspect of empathy in the context of the teacher's activity is considered. The content of artistic empathy is considered as a process of sympathising with artistic phenomena. Artistic empathy is defined as the basis for comprehending an artistic image. In the context of Music teachers’ activities, artistic empathy is defined as a complex personal and professional entity that allows us to identify the emotional state of a person or the emotional portrait of a musical work. The artistic empathy causes a reaction of sympathy, which optimises artistic and pedagogical communication. It is noted that the vocal training of future Music teachers creates a unique platform for the development of artistic empathy. Two vectors of the artistic empathy within the activities of Music Arts teachers have been considered: empathic penetration into the emotional world of a musical work, and empathic penetration into the emotional world of students in the process of artistic and pedagogical communication. A list of effective methods of the vocal training which is aimed at developing art empathy of the future teachers of Musical Arts has been offered: a method of reflexive adjustment, a method of empathic supervision, a method of emotional collections, a method of vocal improvisation.
Anzhelina Mamykina, Alla Grinchenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 85-92; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-11

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the phenomenon of auditory representations, their content, compliance with musical content, formation, tuning and implementation in the performance process of the future teacher during piano training. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the pedagogical conditions and develop the methods aimed at forming of the future music teacher’s musical-auditory representations. The goal is realised through the implementation of relevant tasks using the methods of theoretical research: analysis, synthesis, deduction, systematisation, pedagogical observation. In the article musical-auditory representation is considered as a professional skill of a musician, formed on the basis of the understanding of semantics – semantic units of musical language, which facilitates the qualitative reproduction of artistic and figurative content and maximum efficiency of musician’s own performance process in creation of artistic-pedagogical and performing interpretations. The list of the skills acquired by the applicant during the formation of auditory perceptions is specified, namely: analytical (to identify and understand the symbolism of musical language; its genre and style) (compare semantic constructs of different musical directions); reflexive, figurative-auditory and sensorimotor. The pedagogical conditions for the formation of auditory representations are offered: gradual expansion of a musical thesaurus in the course of the profession-centred training; stimulating auditory perception by recognising and understanding the elements of musical language; the direction of musical-perceptual experience on the coordination of auditory representations with the sign-semantic context of the performed works. In accordance with the defined conditions, a number of methods have been developed: comparative textual analysis; figurative and auditory analysis; perceptual-auditory analysis; associative music model; semantic identification; artistic reincarnation; polytonation expressiveness; tactile-auditory method. Further research involves the development of the future Arts teachers’ auditory perceptions in classes on accompaniment and ensemble playing, taking into account the specifics of these subjects.
Liudmyla Shumska
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 22-29; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-3

Abstract:
The article highlights the technology aimed at developing future choir conductors’ professional competences from the standpoint of the system-integrative approach in accordance with the requirements of new standards of higher education for bachelor students majoring in 025 "Musical Arts" in higher educational establishments. It determines the essence of the concepts "system" and "integration" in the context of higher school musical pedagogy as well as characterises the essence of implementation of the system-integrative approach in the process of conductorial-choral training by introducing into the educational process a specific pedagogical model which contains the components as follows: interdisciplinary-cognitive integration, methodical-operational integration, profession- and competence-based integration. It is established that the interdisciplinary-cognitive integration is a synthesis of knowledge units comprehended within special disciplines during the conductorial-choral training which form a new structural and substantive level of each separate discipline in the process of synthesis. It is noted that the methodological-operational integration acts at the intersection of a number of specific field methods dealing with the conductorial-choral disciplines and, as a result of polymodal accumulation of techniques, appears in the form of established professional methodological competences to be generalised, analysed and evaluated; they are based on their methodological knowledge and understanding of their further usage in the process of professional creativity. It is determined that the professional-competence integration is a strategic goal and the final result of the process of conductorial-choral training of the future bachelors: separate professional competences of the future choral conductors are integrated subsystems that jointly form a higher order system − the professional image of a choir conductor. The article systematises and organises professional competences of a future choir conductor, which are formed as a result of the proposed technology of their development on the basis of the system-integrative approach, and are considered as unconditional priorities of choral conductor's professionalism in the course of the polymorphic choir managerial and conductorial-pedagogical activities.
, Olha Dimoglova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 64-70; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-8

Abstract:
The structural components of the future marine engineers’ professional image have been identified in the article: motivation-targeted, content-oriented, reflective and communicative. Thus, under the motivation-target component, the authors describe professional motivation, satisfaction from material needs and a motive for personal image. In accordance with the requirements of the STCW Convention, at the operation level, the content-oriented component is indicated by sufficient future marine engineers’ competence in information technologies alongside their skills to use them. It has been determined that according to the communicative component, a bachelor-marine engineer with a high level of readiness for intercultural communication is more competitive in the labour market and has significant advantages as follows: can recognise and overcome barriers to intercultural communication; can anticipate and quickly resolve various conflict situations; can creatively use his / her knowledge in profession-related activities as well as ethical norms and rules of conduct with representatives of other cultures. It has been proved that in terms of forming the reflective component of the marine engineers` professional image, it is expedient to cover these components: sufficient theoretical baggage, which is formed by the future marine engineer within training and self-education; bringing practical skills of performing basic actions on ship equipment control to automatism; the ability to analyse actions, make decisions in dangerous and emergency situations, the ability to self-analyse their actions; the ability to draw conclusions based on the results of analysis and work experience, etc. The authors of the article pay attention to the urgency of the problem and the need to provide the educational process with scientific and methodological recommendations aimed at the formation of the professional image of marine engineers, which provides an integrated approach to solve the problem under focus, to involve academic staff and highly qualified specialists of seagoing vessels.
Yaroslav Opanasenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 15-21; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-2

Abstract:
The article analyses the features of the pedagogical competence of a teacher who performs his / her professional activity under conditions of distance education. The purpose of the article is to study the features of the professional competence of a teacher who operates in the framework of distance education. The achieving of the goal involved solving a number of tasks: to determine the characteristics of the pedagogical competence of a teacher and its components, to highlight the key characteristics of distance education and analyse its impact on the system of teacher competencies, to consider tutoring as an optimal model for meeting the requirements of distance teaching / learning. To achieve the purpose and goals of the article, the author used theoretical methods (analysis, synthesis, generalisation and systematisation of approaches which enable defining the professional competence of the teacher and determining the features of distance learning). The terms "competence" and "competency" have been compared. The main components of the teacher's professional competence are highlighted. The components of the competence under study as well as their role in ensuring a high level of educational process have been analysed. The main features of distance learning as one of the today’s main educational trends have been described. Some assumptions about potential transforming of the competence system of a teacher, operating within the framework of distance education, have been made. The essence of how the conditions of distance learning effect each component of the teacher’s pedagogical competence has been determined. The system and interrelation of the components of the teacher’s pedagogical competence have been indicated. Some features of the competence in the field of information and communications technology (ICT competence) and its components have been analysed. The necessity of including the ICT competence in the system of the teacher’s pedagogical competence under conditions of distance education has been assumed and substantiated. The phenomenon “tutoring”, its types and functions have been described. It is concluded that the introduction of tutoring is able to satisfy the requirements to the pedagogical competence of a teacher operating within distance education. Some assumptions regarding the possibility of applying the principles of tutoring and implementing its mechanisms for revealing a full potential of distance education have been made.
Dmytro Petryk
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-4

Abstract:
The significance of the study consists in describing and enlarging the concept “penitentiary criminal in places of detention” as well as determining the impact of the criminal’s environment on his / her personality and behaviour. The paper analyses the identity of the penitentiary criminal and identifies his / her illegal actions in relation to the administration of penal colonies. The purpose of this study is to analyse a criminal who is in prison and has committed violent crimes against the staff of penitentiary institutions. In the article, the author uses the following methods of research: empirical (observation, description) and theoretical (analysis, questionnaires, generalisations). The content of the study is based on the information about the criminal. The article sets out the necessary criteria for investigation the identity of the criminal. The factors influencing the development of criminal’s personality and his / her behaviour have been defined. The informal levels of control are conditionally divided into three types as follows: highest, intermediate and lowest. The highest level is the elite managerial one. It is headed by the «thief-in-law» (code-bound thief), and if there is not any – by the «watcher» (criminal kingpin). The intermediate level is made up of «men» (PIs – Prison Industries), i.e. people who work in prison, although they may not work. The lowest level is represented by the «offended» (punks), morally and physically humiliated people. The author examines socio-demographic (social origin and status, marital and job status, level of material welfare, nationality, gender, age); psychological (emotions and will); criminal-legal and social role-related characteristics of the convicts who have committed violent crimes against the staff of penitentiary institutions. The author assumes that a socio-demographic characteristic of criminal’s personality is one of the most important existing ones demonstrated by the criminals who have committed violent crimes against the staff of penitentiary institutions. Age is one of its indicators. Social status is one of the most important indicators that characterises the identity of the criminal. These data show in which social strata and groups, in which spheres of public life and production, certain crimes are most common. The results indicate that a deep and comprehensive study of the identity of the criminal will increase personal safety of the staff of penal colonies and will allow both reacting more quickly and preventing a crime.
Mukhabbad Gochieva, Mariia Marina, Olga Tadeush
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 47-55; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-6

Abstract:
Ushynsky University has been actively developing the international sphere of activity for a long time, in particular, attracting foreign students to study in it. In this regard, the urgent task for the university is to organise an effective learning process for foreign students in order to ensure high quality educational services within their chosen specialties. Experimental research work on the organisation of education for the students from Turkmenistan was carried out in the process of profession-centred training targeted to the future teachers of physical and mathematical disciplines. Theoretical analysis of the problem and practical methods were used as research methods: questionnaires, observations, certification to identify the conditions for adaptation and the features of the education organisation for the students from Turkmenistan. The factors influencing the adaptation of students to the conditions of education at Ushynsky University have been determined, the motives for their choice to study at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics have been identified. It was found out that the most influential factor hindering the adaptation of foreign students to living and studying in Ukraine are household difficulties. However, the factors such as interpersonal and pedagogical communication were not identified as the ones which hinder their adaptation. This result testifies to the significant potential and positive prospects of the profession-centred training targeted to citizens of Turkmenistan. The results of the survey showed that the most influential motives for obtaining pedagogical education were as follows: foreign students' desire to obtain a diploma of higher pedagogical education and work as a teacher, the prestige of higher education in Turkmenistan, which indicates the conscious choice of most students to study at a pedagogical institution of higher education. The creation of a multimedia educational and methodological complex provided the delivery of information in an interactive mode for distance learning, which had a positive impact on the learning outcomes and was especially relevant in the online framework of the educational process. The prospects for further research are seen in the implementation of the developed methodology in the development of further sections of General Physics.
Kateryna Yeroshenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 128-134; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-16

Abstract:
This article outlines approaches to the monitoring of paraprofessional activities in the field of social work on the example of international and Ukrainian experience. The article aims to highlight alternative options for monitoring the work of paraprofessional social workers: on the basis of social services, within the inclusion in an intradisciplinary team, as well as in the format of individual activities of paraprofessionals in society. Based on the results of a desk study of international experience in monitoring the activities of paraprofessional communities, analysis of monitoring reports and surveys of public advisers in Ukraine who are paraprofessionals and work individually in small communities, practical issues of monitoring procedures for paraprofessionals are considered. The complexity of monitoring the activities of this network is connected with the fact that the functions of community advisers are new to the practice of Ukrainian social work, since everyone in this network works in his / her own format. In the context of this monitoring complexity, the analysis was made on the limitations of existing monitoring procedures of the network of public advisers. The results of this study revealed the limitations of formalized and functional approaches to the analysis of paraprofessionals in social work, such as: ineffective approach to paraprofessionals whose functions are blurred, lack of motivation and perception of monitoring procedures as control by professionals. In addition, taking into consideration the demand from the community of public advisers, some alternative approaches to monitoring the activities of paraprofessional volunteers have been proposed, including the motivation-centred approach based on the supervision of public advisers in the performance of their functions.
Alla Kordonova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 93-100; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-12

Abstract:
The relevance of the study is stipulated by the requirements intended for prospective specialists in history, the separation of a particular competence dealing with the ability to communicate by means of a foreign language using the terminology adopted within the professional environment, to be more precise. The research aims to present the process of step-by-step integrated teaching of the history of Ukraine to the would-be History teachers by means of English. The following methods have been used to solve the tasks set in the study: theoretical – analysis of pedagogical, psychological, didactic literature on the problem under consideration, which allows further substantiation of the expediency of step-by-step integrated training of the would-be History teachers to improve professional activities by means of English; empirical – analysis of the Standard of Higher Education of Ukraine on the History of Ukraine, the current curriculum, educational programs in the discipline «Foreign Language for Professional Purposes» for students majoring in 014 Secondary education (History) to clarify the status of the problem in the practice of higher education of Ukraine. The process of gradual teaching of Ukrainian history to the would-be History teachers by means of English has been substantiated by the theoretical findings as follows: 1) integration of profession-related and foreign language speech competencies of the future History teachers is the basis for better performance of their professional duties; 2) under the integrated stages of teaching History by means of the English language, we understand certain stages of students’ development which have both linguistic and thematic content; 3) the stages of integrated teaching of the History of Ukraine to the future History teachers by means of English are introductory, language-oriented, education- and speech-centred, profession- and speech-related, final; 4) each stage has an integrated goal (language and subject), methodical actions for mastering professional content by means of English, and the result; 5) all the stages of the integrated learning are interconnected and interdependent both linguistically and in terms of their content.
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 7-14; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-1

Abstract:
Considering the decentralisation reform and processes of institutionalisation of youth work in Ukraine, the issue regarding the regulation of youth engagement into volunteering activities within social work at the national and local levels remains unclear. The researching is aimed at analysing the current condition for regulating youth engagement into volunteering activities within social work in the context of legislative changes caused by the decentralisation and youth policy reforms. To conduct this study, scientific works, key researches, and the legislation of Ukraine were analysed. These Ukrainian Laws have been analysed: «On volunteering activities», «On social formation and development of youth», «On social work with families, children and youth», «On social services», «Оn uniting of territorial communities on an optional basis», Draft Law «On general principles of youth policy». We have also reviewed the changes in regulations of the social work with youth on the local level in accordance with the Decrees of the Cabinet of the Ministry of Ukraine № 177 (dated March 3, 2020), № 479 (dated June 1, 2020), № 1014 (dated December 20, 2017). We have determined that according to the modern legislation, the tasks devoted to the development and support of the volunteer movement in the field of social work with youth is one of the main directions of the state policy in the sphere of social work with youth. However, in the system of social work with youth at the local level, this direction is not regulated; it is not clearly assigned to any institution of social work either. Some tasks aimed at the development of the youth volunteer movement at the local level are fixed only in the activities of youth centres which are currently engaged exclusively in the implementation of the youth policy.
Yuriy Onishchyk, Oksana Pozhydaieva,
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 109-116; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-14

Abstract:
The issue of gender equality as an equal treatment of all, regardless of social or other circumstances, is important for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and the implementation of a number of international legal instruments to combat gender discrimination. The study aims to characterize the state of gender inequality in Ukraine and outline possible ways to overcome this phenomenon through the use of political, legal, socio-practical and educational measures. It is carried out using a systematic analysis of international and domestic indicators of gender inequality that constitute the methodological basis for establishing the level of gender inequality, as well as regulatory analysis of documents adopted by international and domestic organizations. The undertaken analysis demonstrates that Ukraine has an extensive legal framework designed to ensure equal rights and opportunities for men and women, address gender discrimination, and harmonize Ukrainian and international gender policies. At the same time, the gender equality indicators (Gender Inequality Index used by the UN; Gender Gap Index used by the World Economic Forum), the results of sociological research (World Values Survey; use of domestic work; leisure practices) evidence that the issues of gender inequality, gender asymmetry and gender stereotypes are unresolved and require the introduction of institutional mechanisms to ensure equality. Such mechanisms could include: legal expertise, gender quotas, gender budgeting, work with local communities and social service providers, ensuring gender sensitivity of services, including social ones, formation of gender-based competence, implementation of promotional work, introduction of gender approaches in educational institutions.
Vitaliy Kantarzhi
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-13

Abstract:
Craft therapy (or ergotherapy) in a physical rehabilitation of children with musculoskeletal system disorders has a great importance both as a method of overcoming existing motor disorders and as the basis for the future successful socialization of these children. In the available literature, the issues of craft therapy use in combination with physical education of pre-schoolers in various institutions of preschool education are insufficiently and non-systematically covered. This makes this article relevant. The article discusses the methodological possibilities of using the author's work simulator the "Ant" for the correction of hand dysfunctions of pre-schoolers by means of physical education and craft therapy. The main technical characteristics of the simulator and the features of its manufacture are presented. The characteristics of the "Ant" versatility and its multifunctionality are given, which ensures the success of its use in a kindergarten of any kind. The properties of the "Ant" stand for improving the psychophysical development of pre-schoolers are listed. The formulated methods of using the “Ant” simulator and the methodological techniques for correcting the main hand functions of the pre-schoolers (tested in the process of the ascertaining experiment) have a particular value. The main methods included the ones as follows: game stimulation, objectivity (subject-manipulative activity), instrumental logic, hand-eye coordination, an individually differentiated approach to the correction of hand disorders of children by means of physical education and craft therapy. Each of the listed methods includes a number of methodological techniques that increase the effectiveness of corrective instrumental-subject manipulations. The prospects of further research in this area are seen in the elaboration of new work simulators for preschool children suffering from disorders of the musculoskeletal system alongside the creation of the necessary methodological support for their effective use.
Yuliia Sharanova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 79-84; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-10

Abstract:
The experience of the United States, where in higher education students are trained for conscious social activities and independent responsibility for the benefit of the community and society as a whole, seems to be significant for the theory and practice of higher education in Ukraine. The appeal to the American educational experience is due to the fact that today the United States as a state governed by the rule of law is a reliable guarantor of individual rights and freedoms, provided by strong traditions of civic education – the key to educating students' social values. At the same time, the interest in higher education in the United States is due to its high prestige within the world educational environment, its well-known democratic orientation and constant content and methodological improvement. In the United States, training graduates in adapting to their social life as responsible citizens-members of certain communities and professionals in society has historically been a duty of higher education. The purpose of the article is to highlight the features of the educational process in the course of general education in the framework of undergraduate studies within the US higher education, institutions, which contribute to the development of students’ social values. It is noted that the pedagogical experience of the United States, where students are being trained in conscious social activities and independent responsible activities for the benefit of society in higher education institutions, is useful for the theory and practice of higher education in Ukraine. The methodology of the research is based on the analysis of scholarly and pedagogical sources of the USA and Ukraine on the problem under study with the elements of induction and deduction to characterise the state of its development in the USA; the summarising of the organisation of various types of training in the US higher education institutions, which provide for the formation of students’ social values. The originality of the research lies in the fact that for the first time in the Ukrainian pedagogical science, the views of American scholars on the types of training, as well as the civic engagement of students in the U.S. higher education institutions which contribute to the development of their social values have been summarised. It has been found out that today, in higher education in the United States, students’ engagement into social activities during their general education ensures their readiness for a meaningful and responsible life in an interdependent world characterised by uncertainty and rapid changes. By teaching leadership and community service through dialogue and collaboration, the U.S. colleges and universities contribute to the development of students’ social values, social and intellectual development of students who, moving from a comfort zone to a contact zone, are able to interact effectively within a variety of situations.
Volodymyr Biesieda
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 56-63; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-7

Abstract:
Nowadays, there are numerous scientific reviews and studies devoted to the problem of psychomotor retardation of children of different ages. Though, a comprehensive solution of how to identify psychophysical characteristics demonstrated by this category of small children suffering from postural disorders has not made yet. The goal of our research was to identify features of the mental and motility state of small children suffering from psychomotor retardation and postural disorders. Summarising the research performed, these conclusions have been made: The children demonstrating psychomotor retardation have different types of mental and somatic dysontogenesis, which negatively affects their academic performance and social adaptation; in the process of pedagogical observations, the small children suffering from psychomotor retardation and postural disorders demonstrate certain mental features in comparison with their healthy as follows: reduced motor-game activity, reduced participation as a leader in collective active games; lack of speech communication with peers, emotional instability, the children constituting this category fail to respond to changes in plot collisions of a game in time, in contradistinction to their healthy peers; their responses happen to be inadequate; they do not understand the rules of a game, or details of the game plot; do not always respond correctly to the results of the game commented by their teacher in each particular case; this category of children demonstrates specific peculiarities of their motor development: a reduced total volume of their daily locomotion compared to their healthy peers; these children prefer horizontal basic motor modes (lying, crawling, sitting), avoiding vertical gravitational starting positions; in case these children take vertical positions, they reflexively try to find additional support for the upper extremities or corpora; a reduced amount of purposeful motor-game actions with increased spontaneous motor activities; the movements of the children suffering from psychomotor retardation and postural disorders are often insufficiently coordinated by them; the problems causing fusion of movements should also be noted; insufficient rationality of motor actions performed by these children according to all the parameters (space-, time- and energy-related) is revealed. The prospects of further research in this area are seen in the study of physical, psycho-somatic and mental relationships alongside their impact on the overall development of small children suffering from mental retardation and postural disorders.
Olha Stoliaryk, Olha Zubchyk,
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 38-46; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-4-5

Abstract:
The family social work in Ukraine is only at the stage of its developing. Deriving from the paternalistic philosophy, the demonopolisation of the market of social services places new demands on social policy aimed at implementing and regulating social work with families as a separate social structure. The purpose of the research is to characterise the institutional structure of family social work, to determine the assessment of social services and their quality on the example of a study of families raising children suffering from autism, basing on the system- and structure-centred analysis. The paper highlights the indicators of family-oriented practice, describes the market of social service providers for families, identifies the functions of individual institutions, structural entities and the specifics of their activities. It is revealed that in Ukraine there are two types of social work with families: regulated (state bodies and structural entities) and unregulated activities (individuals-entrepreneurs, public organisations, charitable foundations, volunteers), but this does not ensure its integrity, because most social service providers are not focused on the needs of families of certain social categories. The family social work in Ukraine could be divided into three types in the framework of its professionalization: a professional activity, a non-professional activity and a "mixed" (partly professional) activity. The survey provides an assessment of individual indicators of social services by the families raising children who suffer from autism (targeting family social work, access to services offered in the region, the presence of stigma, the effectiveness of social advertising of existing services, their compliance with family needs, etc.). It was discovered that most of the services offered are not in demand; they do not take into account the contextual and environmental background in which families operate either; service providers are biased towards families raising children with autism. Many families are in an information vacuum, which becomes an obstacle to expanding their rights and opportunities, the work done with them can be defined as fragmentary and chaotic; it does not take into account the role of the community in maintaining family resilience.
Anna Stepanova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 66-70; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-8

Abstract:
The relevance of the topic is stipulated by the fact that saxophone performance is becoming widespread nowadays, it substantiates the needs to establish new performing schools and to initiate researches aimed at improving methods of playing the saxophone. The purpose of the article is to pay special attention to the social status of the saxophone, its role in the system of professional music education and the evolution of performing techniques of playing the saxophone. The research methods are as follows: theoretical analysis of scientific and methodological literature, comparative studies. Summary: The main scientific and methodological works devoted to the improvement of methods and techniques of playing the saxophone are considered. In the historical aspect, some theoretical works of domestic and foreign authors on the methods and techniques of playing the saxophone have been analysed: the American researcher Carr W.E.J., who identified the physiological features of playing wooden wind instruments (the flute, the oboe, the clarinet, the bassoon and the saxophone); the Russian Professor Ivanov V. D., who identified modification forms and types of saxophone music; the Ukrainian researchers Kyrylov S. V., who singled out the so-called "concert face of the saxophonist" and the associated set of his / her professional skills, Krupey M. V., who historically analysed saxophone performance and determined the stylistic basis for the formation of saxophonist’s performing skills, Professor V. Apatskyi, who came to the conclusion that the advantage of an "o-shaped" ear cushion is a peculiar position of the lower lip, which is necessary for flexible control of the cane. The article also considers scientific and methodological works of foreign authors, reflecting the problematic and related issues of saxophone performance, which allowed us to draw the following conclusions: academic and jazz saxophone performances develop in parallel and are interdependent; the recognition of the saxophone individuality contributes to the transformations within the professional system of education, the teaching of the saxophone having become narrowly professional in this connection; the development of saxophone performance has led to the creation of national schools, which stipulated a rise in the number of musicians of the new formation, both academic and jazz.
Anzhela Budnik, Iryna Khyzhniak
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 211-217; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-24

Abstract:
The article investigates health saving technologies at a pedagogical university, theirs types and classifications, psychological and pedagogical aspects of application in education. It has proved that health saving technologies formed special knowledge, skills, skills to maintain and strengthen health, the formation of an individual healthy way of life, should provide the basis for independent attempts to improve himself / herself, his /her body, psyche, emotions. Introduced the fact that the purpose of the article was the scientific and theoretical substantiation of health saving educational technologies students studies at a pedagogical university, special attention was paid to color therapy, music therapy, fairy tale therapy, laugh therapy, etc. Analytical, diagnostic, experimental and systematic methods were used. The problem of the development, implementation and use in pedagogical activities of health saving educational technologies by students of pedagogical universities is a priority, because future teachers must ensure the intellectual, moral volitional, aesthetic, physical, emotional and moral development of the personality of the person.
Kateryna Krotik
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 142-152; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-16

Abstract:
The urgency of the topic is to modernise the formation of the modern English-language linguistic and cultural competence of secondary school pupils in terms of abilities and readiness of the individual for intercultural communication. The purpose of the article is to consider and describe the model presenting the methods aimed at the developing the modern topical English linguistic and cultural competence of secondary school pupils taking into account the basic requirements of the New Ukrainian School (NUS) concept and in accordance with the European recommendations on language education. Based on the theoretical and methodological analysis of the literature on the research problem, modern methodological approaches to the formation of the English-language linguistic and cultural competence of secondary school pupils are generalised. A model presenting the formation of the modern topical English-language linguistic and cultural competence of secondary school pupils has been developed, taking into account the basic requirements of the NUS concept and in accordance with the All-European recommendations on language education. This model takes into account the leading basic components as follows: modern pedagogical, psychological and methodological principles facilitating the organisation of the educational process based on the postulates of partnership pedagogy; child-centeredness; positive, age-related and cognitive psychology; subcompetence-, activity- and competence-based approaches. The presented method aimed at forming the modern English-language linguistic and cultural competence of secondary school pupils is an attempt to timely resolve the contradiction between the rapid technical and technological development of personality in ontogenesis and the gradual decline of his / her linguistic and cultural, in particular English-speaking, competence. Modern and relevant topics are offered to acquaint the profession-related audience with the subjects of English language teaching. A sample "Workbook" is presented.
Sergei Blotskyi, Nataliia Nychyporka, Volodymyr Baranovskyi
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 180-189; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-21

Abstract:
The physical training of football players has a speed-power orientation, so we have investigated the dynamics of the level of development of these physical qualities. The age of those involved in football, School №1 of Mozyr region, were of 13-14 years of age. For objective control of the level of development of speed-strength qualities and diagnostics of the results demonstrated by the young football players, motor tests were used. Identifying and filling gaps in the training of football players helps the programme to finish the training process in terms of age. Taking into account the principles of the training process, we have proposed the methodology for improving the speed and power qualities of football players, developed a set of special exercises on the basis of the individual approach. The training sessions were held according to the schedule and differed in the means and methods of training young football players. The developed experimental programme provided for overcoming the individual typological characteristics of the physical fitness of young athletes through the use of individual tasks in the training process, which was based on the principle of the differentiated approach to the students. The programme, which was used in the control group, also contributed to the growth of the results of speed-power indicators, which have positive dynamics. However, the processing of test results proved that the increase in the indicators of the experimental group during the period of the pedagogical experiment is higher than in the control group. The differences between the control and experimental groups are significant, and this confirms that the developed and tested program for the development of speed and power qualities of the football players, which included a set of special exercises, where the main place is occupied by jumping exercises and accelerations (running and jumping exercises with weights; jumping to a hill with a push involving two and one legs; jumping exercises with an emphasis on maximum speed of movements; jumping out of a semi-squat position with the push of two legs; performing running and jumping exercises on sand, a mat, etc.) will increase the level of speed-strength preparedness of football players and, in general, increase their sports mastery.
Andrii Karkach
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 173-179; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-20

Abstract:
The relevance of the study is stipulated by the fact that modern digital technologies are radically changing the economy and lifestyle in general. The information society determines the transformation of social structure, revision of patterns of social activities and stereotypes of behaviour, strategies and tactics of adaptation. Today's information technology and software encourages our society to accelerate in order to learn more and keep up with the scientific and technological progress. Under such conditions, the people of the "third" age appear to be the most vulnerable ones. Without social services and educational services, they are not able to independently master the array of innovative knowledge, including e-technology. Nowadays, a good command of the basics of the personal computer, E-technologies is becoming a necessary condition for orientation in the information flow and successful resocialisation and adaptation of the elderly people in the modern society, for overcoming digital inequality, immersion into the global information flows. The purpose of the study is to determine the features of the mechanisms enabling digital resocialisation of the elderly people within the educational environment of the University of the Third Age. The method of questionnaire survey was used to collect data, as this form of survey has an advantage – it allows respondents to carefully consider their answers without limiting their time. The article characterises and identifies the features of the impact of digital resocialisation mechanisms on the elderly within the educational environment of the University of the Third Age functioning on the platform of the territorial centre of social services (the one which provides social services). Different approaches to the mechanisms of digitalisation are presented, the importance of the University of the Third Age as an institution of digital resocialisation of elderly students is substantiated. The adaptability of the educational environment of the University of the Third Age as a resocialisation space, motivational components of the elderly have been determined, which allows the latter to realise the essential properties of the human personality at a respectable age. A social role of the digital resocialisation is transmitted through its contribution to the improvement of the quality of human life. The use of e-technologies can be considered one of the topical problems of social work with the elderly. There is still no consensus on the extent or impact of digital stratification on the process of resocialisation at an old age, which may be considered the prospect of our further research.
Oksana Kucheriava
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 166-172; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-19

Abstract:
Creativity occupies one of the central places in the model of modern higher education institution graduate’s key competencies. The article aims to reveal the content of the problem related to the development of the students’ creative thinking who major in Philology; in particular, the paper deals with a number of tasks, it is going to: 1) characterise creativity as a professional competency; 2) highlight students' views on providing a creative atmosphere in the educational process at the Department of Foreign Languages; 3) offer a number of techniques to activate the creative potential of students in modern Ukrainian language classes. The methods like: theoretical (analysis of pedagogical and psychological literature) and empirical (questionnaires and interviews with students of the Philology Faculty) were used. The Quantitative analysis of the survey’s results conducted among the second and fourth year students majoring in 014 Secondary Education (Ukrainian Language and Literature) at Ushynsky University, showed the urgency of the problem and the need to use constructive approaches to teaching academic disciplines at the Philology Faculty. The author analyses the definitions of the concepts “creativity”, “creative personality” which are primarily distinguished by such features as openness to new ideas, their flexibility and originality, interest in the problem, activity, independence in judgments. Having checked the example of the discipline “Modern Ukrainian language” (the Section “Syntax of a complex sentence), some methods of stimulating students’ creative activity were illustrated: compiling intelligence maps to visualise theoretical material and analysis which present practical tasks; creative or figurative writing based on the use of non-traditional genres (poetic techniques “11 words”, senkan; “five sentences”; fairy tales, essays, sketches, miniatures, associative writing); solving creative problems that require the involvement of different ways of learning (nature, art, linguistic and cultural studies). As a result, the emphasis was put on the importance of providing cognitive motivation and creating appropriate conditions that would encourage students to creative activity and self-expression.
Svitlana Voronova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 17-23; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-2

Abstract:
The article considers the formation of parents’ pedagogical culture as an important factor in the development of general secondary education which ensures the quality of educational services. The analysis of the scientific and pedagogical literature, researches of the UNICEF and the National Children’s Hotline shows that the issue of forming parents’ pedagogical culture gains ground. According to the theory of generations, participants of the educational process belong to different age groups and there is a need to clarify the issue concerning how to establish their joint interaction to ensure the quality of education. Under such conditions, child’s parents must be pedagogically literate, be able to organise and implement effective family education, joint activities together with an educational institution to create an atmosphere of trust and mutual respect, where there is no violence or discrimination. The educational resource for parents is directly dependent on the level of their pedagogical culture formation as one of the components of their family life. Under parents’ pedagogical culture, we understand a system of pedagogical knowledge, pedagogical and psychological competence, which are aimed at the upbringing and development of a child. Moral, communicative, didactic, physical, aesthetic components; environmental culture and culture of thinking; speech, work, and moves are the components of parents’ pedagogical culture which are to be considered. The formation of parents’ pedagogical culture can be carried out by motivational, semantic and constructive components and is aimed at parents’ awareness of the need for pedagogical knowledge, their readiness to be an active participant in the education and upbringing process of the child. In the process of forming parents’ pedagogical culture, the teacher must constantly improve the skills of positive pedagogical communication, the validity of parents’ pedagogical position; introduce active forms of their learning; use the principles of partnership pedagogy and teamwork.
Svitlana Nestulya
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 7-16; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-1

Abstract:
The leading role of effective managers, leaders, professionals, capable of rapid adaptation to the transformation and modernization processes in the current Ukrainian economy, politics, production, education and services is of particular importance in the context of the dynamic changes that are taking place in the contemporary socio-political, economic and educational space of Ukraine. Therefore, the problem of developing leadership competence of future managers in the university's educational environment arises. The purpose of the research is to substantiate organizational and pedagogical conditions for developing leadership competence of the future managers in the educational environment of universities and to outline the ways of their realisation. It has been found out that organizational and pedagogical conditions should be interpreted as fundamental grounds for combining actions facilitating the process of developing future managers’ leadership competence in the university's educational environment. It is necessary to consider them as well as to implement. The organizational and pedagogical conditions have been defined and substantiated: special training of the scientific and pedagogical tertiary staff in developing future managers’ leadership competence (round tables, workshops, trainings, etc.); enhancement of the process of developing future managers’ leadership competence through the implementation of distance learning in the university's educational environment (realized through the creation of a distance course "Fundamentals of Leadership"); implementation of the “kaizen” system in the educational environment of the university (implemented in the framework of the ongoing seminar-workshop "Kaizen Technology: the Path to Leadership").
Olena Mamykina
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 98-105; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-11

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the scientific development of the problem related to the development of an artistic taste of the future teachers specialised in Musical Art. The purpose of the article is to theoretically and methodologically substantiate the development process of an artistic taste of the future teachers specialised in Musical Art in the process of teaching pop singing. The purpose is realised through the implementation of relevant tasks using the methods of theoretical research: analysis, synthesis, deduction, induction, generalisation and extrapolation. The article considers the category "artistic taste" as a person's ability developed by social practice to evaluate aesthetic phenomena, to distinguish beautiful things from ugly ones. The artistic taste of the future teachers of Musical Art is defined as an individual, socially conditioned system of evaluation of phenomena reflected in works of art, aimed at widening the worldview of an individual. The component structure of the artistic taste of the future teachers specialised in Musical Art consists of four components: personal-motivational, sensory-perceptual, intellectual-interpretive and reflexive-projective. Professional training of the future Music teachers is considered as a platform for the formation of their artistic taste. We find the specifics of training future professionals in pop singing particularly important in the context of the study. The pop variety of vocal music is recognised as the one that provides for effective pedagogical influence; in particular, it is aimed at forming the artistic taste of the younger generation, based on the needs, interests and perception level of most students. A set of scientific approaches is considered as a methodological basis for the formation of the future Music teachers’ artistic taste in the process of teaching them pop singing: axiological, student-centred and holistic approaches. The study also presents pedagogical principles, the implementation of which ensures the formation of the future Music teachers’ artistic taste in the process of teaching them pop singing.
Oksana Turok
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 159-165; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-18

Abstract:
Global changes in ecosystems caused by human activities require modern education to develop the ecological competence of the younger generation. Under conditions of distance learning, it is rather difficult to purposefully develop the ecological educational component. The aim of the article is to consider the content and methods of environmental education and upbringing within the distance learning of high school students in the Slovak Republic during the Covid-19 pandemic. To reach the aim, the following theoretical methods have been used: systematisation, analysis, substantiation of the conceptual apparatus, formulation of conceptual regulations conclusions of the study, the method of analysis of pedagogical documentation and current regulations, content analysis of curricula and methodological support of the educational process to assess the level of environmental education during distance learning in a pandemic. The peculiarities of the use of Internet resources and innovative technologies during ecological education and upbringing in the Slovak Republic have been described. Attention has been paid to the need for environmental education during quarantine. The ways and mechanisms of introduction of ecological education in secondary schools of Slovakia under conditions of the quarantine have been investigated. Some methods for assessing the environmental component of study during distance learning in schools have been established. The normative acts and pedagogical documentation of several secondary schools of the Slovak Republic during the distance learning in the quarantine caused by COVID-19 have been analysed and the methods, forms and means for distance environmental education of schoolchildren have been identified. The obtained results can be used for the development of ecological competence of Ukrainian school pupils under conditions of distance learning.
Oksana Pozhydaieva
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 116-123; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-13

Abstract:
The modernization of legal regulations, adoption of standards for professional training of social workers, professional autonomy in the implementation of academic research actualize the necessity for seeking solutions to the problems of staffing the higher education institutions with scientific and pedagogical workers in the field of social work. This, in turn, requires analysis of experience in developing and implementing PhD programmes in social work that are intended to prepare doctoral students for teaching. The aim of the study was to analyze the experience of arranging the process of the PhD Programme in the specialty 231 "Social Work at the Academy of Labor, Social Relations and Tourism (Kyiv) with the focus on teaching skills development. The study objectives were to reveal the general provisions of the educational program; substantiate the content of the component of the educational program, which is focused on the formation of applicants for teaching competencies; describe the process and features of the formation of pedagogical competencies of future doctors of philosophy in the social work, namely professional knowledge, pedagogical skills of a University teacher. The research employed the method of analysis of normative documents, curriculum programs and assistant (pedagogical) practice, as well as the method of included observation was used. It was revealed that the educational program aims to train qualified scientists who are able to solve complex problems in the field of social work through research, based on a deep rethinking of existing and the creation of new holistic knowledge and / or innovative modification of professional practice. It is noted that an important educational component of the PhD program is the academic course "Innovative methods of teaching social work" and assistant (pedagogical) practice, the content of which is developed in accordance with international recommendations. The paper presents the purpose, program results, content, specified discipline and programs of assisting (pedagogical) practice. The peculiarities of implementation of these programs in the preparation of applicants are discussed.
Kateryna Ihnatenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 41-47; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-5

Abstract:
The article examines the organisation of local governments in the system of social protection of children in the process of decentralisation of power and the formation of united territorial communities. The biggest challenge for the authorities, after agreeing with communities and approving long-term plans, is to create a safe environment for children, who have risks and might need social assistance. As the analysis of scientific and theoretical-practical material shows, the state is now actively cooperating in this direction with international organisations and non-governmental organisations that develop projects such as «Together. Social services for families in the community» (Semikina, 2020). So, directions of the reform of social services are accessibility, overcoming difficult life circumstances, guardianship and care of children. The term «community» can be defined as an area, community of interested of people and local government and administrative-territorial unit. In the Law of Ukraine «On Social Services», the description of relevance of social services in the community and the purpose of the centre of social services as central and local authorities are specified. To conclude, the interdepartmental activities of state and public organisations related to children’s protection systems, the establishment of an interdepartmental commission aimed at identifying the children affected by violence and circumstances that may threaten their lives and health have been revealed. Thus, local governments can be considered to be part of the system of social protection of children. the establishment and development of interaction and partnership between local governments, the executive social institutions and public organizations that strengthens protection of children can be considered to be the necessary conditions for the effectiveness of the aforementioned activities.
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 71-88; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-9

Abstract:
The paper deals with analysis, generalisation and systematisation of the European experience in the field of digital transformation of education. Nowadays, when a digital society is being built, digital transformation is becoming the basis for the world economic development. This leads to a rapid change in the professions being in demand in the employment market and, consequently, the professional requirements for the qualification framework, competences in particular. Thus, educational activities require updating the content and methods of teaching, finding innovative forms of learning, expanding the access to educational resources, implementing learning opportunities without restrictions on the bases of space and time, introducing new approaches to the organisation of educational services in general. The purpose of this study is to analyse and systematise the European experience in the field of the digital transformation of education, outlining some ways to use it for transforming the education in Ukraine. The main research methods used are as follows: a systematic analysis of regulatory, scientific, and methodological sources on the digital transformation of education in European countries, the study of the methodological tools to support teachers in the development of a digital society. For the digital transformation of education, it is necessary to take a number of important steps which include: the development of normative initiatives by the state to ensure the regulatory framework enabling the transformation of education; the modernisation of educational systems, the updating of the content of school and university education; training and retraining of teachers, taking into consideration the increasing proficiency level of their digital skills and competences. The paper presents in detail how these steps are implemented in the EU. Based on the analysed sources, we can come to these conclusions: in Europe, the conditions facilitating an increase in pedagogues’ proficiency in terms of digital competences have been created; the tools aimed at supporting their activities have been developed, which contributes to the digital transformation of education in general. Ukraine has also recognised the digital transformation as a priority policy for the development of the digital economy and the emergence of a digital society as a whole. To ensure a quality educational process, the modern education system of Ukraine needs changes. The digitalisation of all levels of education, and, in the future, their digital transformation appear to be important steps in this respect.
Larysa Danylchuk
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K D Ushynsky, Volume 2020, pp 106-115; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2020-3-12

Abstract:
The article presents the results of the study devoted to the issues of emotional intelligence of the children born in the families of migrant workers. The theoretical analysis has been carried out on the basis of domestic and foreign source and scientific bases within the outlined problem. It is noted that the problems related to the families of migrant workers and their children need to be solved at the international, national, regulatory, scientific and methodological levels. The theoretical foundation of understanding the emotional intelligence under focus has been substantiated taking into account the generalising considerations of scientists who have studied the conceptual and semantic content of the concept. It is noted that emotional intelligence is a necessary component of successful socialisation of any personality. The meaning of the term «children born in the families of migrant workers» has been considered, which made it possible to approve that there is no legal status for “the children born in the families of migrant workers” in Ukraine. It is revealed that the concept “the child of migrant workers / the child who was born in the family of migrant workers” is often identified with the concept “social orphanhood”. It is noted that such identification is incorrect; a child can be considered a social orphan only if his / her parents are deliberately removed from parental responsibilities. From the standpoint of the environment-based approach, the living environments of the children who were born in migrant families are segmented, which are basic for the formation of children’s emotional intelligence: family environment; social surrounding environment; general secondary education institution environment; peer environment; the Internet and social networks environment.
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