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Fitria Martanti
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3436

Abstract:
Planting of character education must be carried out continuously. The characters that have been planted in school must be strengthened in college. The planting of character education must be taught, familiarized, trained consistently, become character and become a culture, so that the planting of education is not only in school, but must be strengthened into a culture in college. Strengthening the character in college should be more endeavored to make students who are faithful, pious, noble, moral, ethical and civilized based on the nation's noble values of religion, Pancasila, the Constitution of 1945 and the culture of moderating Islamic values. The noble values of the nation from religion and the culture of Islamic values of moderation can be seen from the Aswaja teachings that can be embedded in the teachings that can strengthen character education in universities. This research is a qualitative research conducted at Wahid Hasyim University, Semarang, which is one of the universities that base Aswaja as a foundation for strengthening character education. The source of the data is obtained from primary and secondary data. Data collection method is done by interview, documentation and observation, while data analysis method uses descriptive analysis method. The results of the study show that the concept of aswaja teaching at Wahid Hasyim University is used as the foundation that underlies all activities carried out on campus, both matters relating to aqidah, worship/sharia, and morals. As for strengthening character education through Aswaja teachings, it was carried out by making Aswaja Center which regulates activities related to Aswaja. The implementation of the Aswaja teachings is carried out through habituation, guidance and consultation related to religious practices. Aswaja's teachings are also integrated in courses according to each faculty. Key Words : Aswaja, Education, Character.
Kerwanto Kerwanto
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.2770

Abstract:
This article is a review of a book written by Nasaruddin Umar, titled “Doors towards Happiness: Learning 9 Art of Happy Life in the World and the Hereafter/ Pintu-Pintu Menuju Kebahagiaan: Belajar 9 Seni Hidup Bahagia di Dunia dan Akhirat”. This study aims to photograph his unique ideas about Spiritual Happiness. Then, the author offers it as a theoretical review of Islamic Psychology, in response to the problem of happiness in Western-modern psychology. Through this study, the author showed Nasaruddin Umar's influence on the views of some Sufis such as Ibn ‘Arabi and ‘AbdulKarim al-Jillī in interpreting happiness. In addition, the author seeks to map several important principles used as the foundation of theory, both theoretical and practical.
Ali Muhsin
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3435

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the Implementation of the Islamic Boarding School Education System in the Self-Reliance of Santri in Learning at the Ar Rommel Boarding House at the Darul Islamic Boarding School ‘Ulum Peterongan Jombang. This study aims to find out information about the pesantren education system in Ar Rommel's Dormitory. This research is a qualitative research,). Data collection techniques in this study was direct observation, interviews, and documentation. The results showed that: (1) The existence of Pesantren education system in Ar Rommel dormitory is reading a yellow book, recitation (fasholatan, istighosah, and surah in the Qur'an), reading the Qur'an. (2) the student independence is not merely assessed from their learning, but in the spirit of independence, including the category of independence such as increasing self-confidence (3) Implementation of supporting factors in the pesantren education system at the Ar Rommel dormitory, are responsibility and togetherness, teachers (asatidz ) comes on time. Furthermore, the implementation of the inhibiting factors of the pesantren education system in this dormitory is students who are late to join the teaching and learning process and teachers (asatidz) who cannot participate in teaching activities due to private events. Keywords: Islamic Boarding School Education System, Santri Independence Learning
Muhammad Aniq
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3437

Abstract:
Multiculturalism is the cultural diversity of communities within a given society and the policies that promote this diversity. As a descriptive term, multiculturalism is the simple fact of cultural diversity and the demographic make-up of a specific place, sometimes at the organizational leve. As a prescriptive term, multiculturalism encourages ideologies and policies that promote this diversity or its institutionalization. In this sense, multiculturalism is a society “at ease with the rich tapestry of human life and the desire amongst people to express their own identity in the manner they see fit. This paper discusses multicultural ideologies or policies vary widely, ranging from the advocacy of equal respect to the various cultures in a society, to a policy of promoting the maintenance of cultural diversity, to policies in which people of various ethnic and religious groups are addressed by the authorities as defined by the group they belong to. Pluralism, diversity and multiculturalism is a daily fact of life in Indonesia. There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia. The Javanese is the largest ethnic group in Indonesia who make up nearly 42% of the total population. The Sundanese, Malay, and Madurese are the next largest groups in the country. There are also more than 700 living languages spoken in Indonesia and although predominantly Muslim the country also has large Christian and Hindu populations. This paper also uncloses the model of Islamic Moderation in Indonesia societies in the light of Various Cultures and Relegion.
Khalid Ramdhani, Laila Ngindana Zulfa
Published: 19 June 2020
TAWASUT, Volume 7; doi:10.31942/ta.v7i1.3413

Abstract:
Ta’lim Muta’alim is a classic book written by Syekh Al Zarnuzi on 593 H. As the writer of Ta'lim al-Muta'allim Thariq al-Ta'allum, he emphasizes the aspect of character values physical and spiritual. In this book, education is not only transfer of knowledge and skills, but the most important here is the transfer of character values. The purpose of writing this article is to examine the influence of Talim Muta’alim understanding to santri character development. The research methodology used in this research is based on quantitative approach with path analysis model that explores causality (causal effectual), which analyzes the relationship between Ta’lim Muta’alim understanding variable and santri character at Nurussalam Islamic Modern Boarding School Medangasem Jayakerta Karawang. The results showed that Ta’lim Muta’alim understanding positively and significantly 20,3% influence the santri’s character which suported all of member of boarding school, especially kyai, teachers and santri can run the teaching-learning process. Keyword : Education, Ta’lim Muta’alim, Santri Character.
Published: 27 December 2017
TAWASUT, Volume 4; doi:10.31942/ta.v4i2.2011

Abstract:
World peace is still something that is not easily realized. One ofserious threats on world peace comes from acts of terrorism. Actsof terrorism in the name of religion are being brought in somecountries. The number of victims of terrorism continues to increaseover time. And the present moment is the worst condition throughoutrecorded history. Acts of terrorism in the development not onlytargets the State with all its symbols, but also the civil society. Soyou could say the conditions today are very asymmetrical.Departing from these conditions, then Indonesia as a country witha large Muslim population, it is appropriate to perform a mission ofworld peace. The mission of world peace can be played bymaximizing the role of the citizens of Indonesia diaspora. Thediaspora has the potential to develop a peace mission which initself will improve the reputation of Indonesia.Keywords: diaspora; Indonesian muslim; world peace
Noor Achmad
Published: 21 November 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1230

Abstract:
This paper generally aimed to find out that Islam is love andpeace religion. By using a historical approach, the writer triedto investigate a number of facts showing Islam has promotedinterreligious harmony and has from its inception laid thefoundation of relationship between Islam and other religions. Itmeans that it is not only theoretically but also practically. Basedon historical facts which have been well-documented in SirahNabawiyah, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) became the firstperson who practiced and implemented the teachings ofreligious tolerance; respecting and helping others andconducting religious dialogue to create harmonious life inmulticultural country, Medina. In this paper, the writers alsotried to explore not only interreligious harmony in thebeginning of Islamic history, particularly in prophet-Abbasidera but also in Indonesian contemporary which has recentlybecome an object of talks and research.Keywords: social harmony, Jews, Christian, MedinaCharter, belief
Published: 21 November 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1293

Abstract:
Identity attached in a group always coincides with the perception within it. Identity of general Batak society is perceived as the masculine identity created the gap between female and male in term of the social and economy resources. Batak society who live outside of Bonapasogit likely more solid than they live in Bonapasogit. Itcan be proved by the intense meeting internal Batak community more often than in Bonapasogit. Due the penetration from other cultures force them who reside out Bonapasogit more united among them. Meanwhile, for people live in Bonapasogit the only threat coming from their own community because they didn’t face the penetration from outsiders. Especially, for female Batak community the threat is the dominating patrilineality who standstill the tradition which isn’t favored to female. In densely population in cities, marga can be used as the supported tools in relationship even many female Batak were born outside Bonapasogit still use marga for their advantage purpose, especially in bureaucracy. Meanwhile for Angkola Batak who live their hometown has the different situation due don’t get advantage the beneficiary of marga. Because of pressure from their own community Keywords: Islam; patrilineality; inheritance; human right; identity
Muh. Syaifudin & Noor Achmad
Published: 21 November 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1950

Abstract:
This research aims to present an objective description about Qisas (retaliation) in Islam as one of sensitive punishments in the Muslim and world society as well. It is as the impact of spreading globalization that popularizes human rights and liberalism. This study uses descriptive analytical method. It tries to uncover basic foundation of Islamic law and principles of Muslim interrelation. Punishment in Islam is only based on justice and maintenance broader social welfare. It could not be executed if just be based on the assumption and not the concrete passages. Moreover, there are so many requirements and principles that must be fulfilled to implement it. The interesting one is the prophetic tradition ordered to avoid giving the punishment as we can. Thus the implementation of law in Islam like qisas (retaliation) is hardly practiced. In other word, views on Islamic law should be clearly objective and uses various perspectives to reach scientific and objective conclusion. Keywords: Islam; justice, qiṣāṣ;punishment of crime
Abu Mujadidul Islam
Published: 13 August 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v4i2.2012

Abstract:
This paper discusses about the social conflict in terms ofsolutions, including the Koran specifically, also discusses aboutthe kinds of social and religious conflict, whether conflictsbetween religions and between religious communities. Theapproach taken in this research is objective interpretativeapproach while the method used in this study is a qualitative.This research concludes that the Qur'an recognizes the conflictalthough it is considered a factor of negative factors in society,and recognizes that the conflict in the laws of God in theuniverse because the dispute is based on the reality of diversityand pluralism in this life. Al-Qur’an also shows us a number ofways to pay for these conflicts, management and turn it into apeaceful relationship and friendship save society from fallinginto the conflict in each of the Meccan and Medina verses.Keywords: tolerance; peaceful; temporary thinking
Published: 13 August 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v4i2.2009

Abstract:
Efforts which done to increase teacher’s quality such as givingtraining about curriculum, learning method, and continuing studyfor those who have not under-graduate program yet. But thoseefforts seem did not work well maximally to increase processquality and learning result. For those reason, Action Researchtraining is needed to increase profesional competence of IslamicEducation teacher. This research was conducted with the aim toproduce a product, that is the management model of ClassroomAction Research based on Islamic moderate for Islamic EducationTeachers, which will be packaged in the form of a manual ofclassroom action research training model for Islamic educationteachers handbook. This study used the Research Development(Research and Development) approach, which was preceded byqualitative descriptive method as the first step in this research. Theresults showed that the development of the classroom actionmanagement training model was carried out in accordance withthe development procedure, which included preliminary research,analysis, production / development, and revision, while evaluationof the product was developed in accordance with the developmentevaluation procedure.Keywords: model of training management; Classroom ActionResearch (PTK); Islamic moderate
Published: 13 August 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v4i2.2013

Abstract:
In his research on the history of the Holy Qur’an, the writer hasbeen able to show the dimensions of the Qur'anic Islamictolerance and how to establish the acceptance of the other, inthe most sacred of the Muslims, which is related to the words ofGod. It is through the historical approach that the researcherbegan to search until he finds the dimensions of the manydifferent Islamic tolerance aspects that appear through thehistory of the Qur'an and its mysteries. Among these aspects: thediversity and variance in the letters of the Qur’an that camedown from above the seven heavens, and the side of writing onthe types of materials available at the time, and the side of themultitude of synonyms and differences and books written in thestatement, and other dimensions and other important aspects.In summary, Muslims adhere to the principle of consultationeven in matters related to the words of God. They also adhere tothe spirit of religious tolerance that permeates Islam in generaland in the history of Qur’anic Koran in particular.Keywords: muṣḥāf; history of al-Qur’an; tolerant
Muhammad Aniq Imam Muh. Syaifudin
Published: 13 August 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v4i2.2014

Abstract:
The goal of this study is effort to disclose the real image ofislamic teaching particularly its attitude toward others, peaceand dialogue not conflict and is the starting point of mosleminteraction toward others for solving the problems and bringthe point of view close.Keywords: the Qur’an; concept of me and others,tolerance; islamic teaching
Published: 13 August 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v4i2.2010

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to elucidate and to look for efforts todeter spreading radicalism phenomena in the world. The terrorattacks have engulfed many part of the world and blamed onradical and extremist groups who have put Islam and Muslim onworld attention. Indeed the terror attacks have heightened agrowing sense of Islamophobia. And therein is the paradox! Shouldthe activities and “sin” of individual Muslim(s) or group(s) bevisited on an entire community and relegion? As a consequenceIslam is perceived as religion with a predilection to conflict, aggressionand violence, peace is the kennel of Islamic religion and one ofits significant ingredients. Many factor causing these phenomena,one of them is misunderstanding and misperception on Islamicnorm and teaching they had got. It must be wrong in the process ofnorm transferring and teaching-knowledge, and values. Educationis the rational answered and effort to prevent and deter radicalismphenomena. Compatibility of goals, matter, method of teachingwith development (especially moral development) of student willproduce internal power as a result of educational process.Madrasah as a varian of education or Islamic aducation empiriclyhas been contributed shaping moderat muslim, known now asIslam Nusantara.Keywords: madrasah; islamic education; radicalism;misperception; moderat
Ahmad Muhammad Abd Al Azhim Farhat
Published: 1 May 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1294

Abstract:
It is undeniably that many people assumed the people of hadith (ahl al-hadis) practice Islam rigidly and understand al-Qur’an and hadith literally. This article tries to reveal the hadith scholar’s thoughts, Imam Abu Ismail al-Bukhari, on tolerance clearly. His biography was full of tolerance pearls and wisdom and of soul to prioritize and ease other people’s affairs. Additionally, he also paid a great attention to Muslim problems. This study used a descriptive analytical method in which the writer explores the sources and references related to him from his biography and persistence in narrating hadith and Islamic scholars’s opinion about him as well. To get focus more on this study, it is divided into two parts: First, Imam Bukhari’s tolerant attitude towards others such as commercial transaction, relationship with servant, slave, and pupils even with haters. Second, Imam Bukhari’s tolerance in narrating the hadith such as how he received and narrated hadith and how he compiled and titled the chapters in his kitab ash-sahih. All strongly emphasized that he has noble characters especially tolerance. Keywords: al-Bukhari; tolerance; hadith
Ahmad Nurul Huda & Abdullah Affandi
Published: 1 May 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1302

Abstract:
This study tries to investigate Ahmad Dahlan’s educative role and struggle in improving the Muslim quality. As we have known, there are a number of schools and higher institutions under the patronage of Muhammadiyah organization founded by Ahmad Dahlan. This reality could not absolutely be separated from his vision and mission. This research uses a descriptive analytic. It has reached on the hypothesis that Ahmad Dahlan religious propagation (da’wah) is more practical and applicative than formalist-textualist for example when he interprets Surah al-Ma’un, the language approach he used is not rigid. On the contrary, he placed himself as motivator and activator for his people to move together to help poor people and orphan and to demulcent another’s burdens as has been taught by such verses.Keywords: Islamic education; Islam; Ahmad Dahlan; peace in world
Published: 1 May 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1301

Abstract:
Indonesia is now facing various problems such as moral degradation, corruption, deceitfulness in schools and juvenile delinquency behavior. All of these require a solution. Most education experts argue that the Sufi-style education is one of ways to solve the moral problem. Among them is Ibn Aṭāillāh al- Sakandarī who undeniably has a significant role in this field especially through his famous work, al-Ḥikam. This article tries to uncover how the role of his moral education. It uses descriptive analytical method, in which the author refers to Sufi works that talk about moral education particularly al-Ḥikam. The findings are: first, the Sufi-style moral education is one of moral education methods focusing on self-empowerment and purification. It is hoped to get an improvement and even reach the level of gnosis (ma’rifat) which is in turn able to spread peace in this world. Second, Ibn Athoillah is the Sufis master who has a major role in the improvement of his pupils moral, especially through his work, al-Ḥikam. Third, his thought on Sufistic education can be applied in four stages: teaching, best practice, habituation, and strengthening. Keywords: Ibn ‘Aṭāillāh al-Sakandarī; moral education; al- Ḥikam; mysticism
Published: 1 May 2015
TAWASUT, Volume 3; doi:10.31942/ta.v3i1.1288

Abstract:
This research is basically based on the phenomena that the Kiai (religious leader) has a significant role at the Islamic Boarding Schools (Pesantren). An effective leadership of Kiai will absolutely determine model of changes conducted by Pesantren in improving the quality of education services without removing its Islamic education values. Generally the study is field research and conducted at the Islamic Boarding Schools (Pesantren) Al-Hikmah 2 and As-Salafiyyah Brebes. It uses qualitative approach. Whereas the method of data collection is interview, observation, documentation and triangulation in which the key instrument is the researcher himself. Results of research are: (1) vision of Kiai has a philosophical sense, namely building moderate Islamic character of santri (student) is a worship and devotion to Allah SWT, (2) the strategy of As-Salafiyah Islamic boarding school is to preserve and defend existing salaf (classic) pattern, meanwhile al Hikmah’s strategy is to respond modernity trough development and open some new general education institutions. Keywords: leadership model; kiai; pesantren; education; services quality
Published: 1 May 2013
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v1i1.1232

Abstract:
This paper will state that Madinah Charter is not a constitutionthat is referred as the model in upholding islamic state. Usingsemiotic method, this paper will conclude that every dictumwithin the Madinah Charter has sort of code of conducts thatfunctions to provide social security within the Madinah societyat that time. Nevertheless, current politics could stillappropriate the fundamental values within the MadinahCharter especially in implementing justice-based governance,equality before the law, open public participation and so forth.Excessive intention of certain Muslim group, including inIndonesia, to uphold khilafah system is not in accordance withthe spirit of the Madinah charter. It is because the khilafah isbased on the monarchical system, which does not involve thepeople within the elections and so on as it is implied from theMadinah Charter.Keywords: the madinah charter, constitution, Islamic stateIntroduction
Sri Rejeki
Published: 1 May 2013
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v1i1.1233

Abstract:
Islam and radicalism are two very different things. It is then unjustified to emerge the term "Islamic radicalism" since it will reduce all the teachings of Islam itself. This is also because every religion has never taught its followers to act radically, but it doctrinally teaches kindness and peace. Therefore, the emergence of radicalism on behalf of religion (Islam) needs to be explored in detail to deliver a comprehensive and balanced enlightenment. This paper seeks to review and provide an analysis based on social learning theory related to radicalism actor who has a particular community. This community undoubtedly becomes the source of forming a radical under-standing of Islam as well. Of the social learning theory, it is found that one of several causes of it is an improper learning process form in which the community provides a model of action or an incorrect understanding about the meaning of jihad in Islam.Keywords: Islam, radicalism, causes of radicalism, social learning theory, improper learning process
Uswatun Chasanah
Published: 1 May 2013
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v1i1.1235

Abstract:
In order to realize the character education towards a humanistic education, it is definitely required an implementation of character education in the learning process, whether in school or out of school. The concept of character education should be reflected in its planning, implementation, and evaluation. The planning of character education is carried out by preparing a character-based syllabus and learning implementation plan (RPP) by integrating character values which is in-line with the indicators into that syllabus and implementation learning plan. While implementation of character education is executed through personal development activities, integrating of character values in all subjects, developing the school culture which is based on character-oriented and on valuable learning. The evaluation of character education should be emphasized and be focused on affective aspects of the students, namely the assessment towards their behavior or actions, neither on their understanding, knowledge, nor on their spoken words.Keywords: character education, humanistic education, akhlāq, value, moral
Noor Achmad
Published: 1 May 2013
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v1i1.1231

Abstract:
This paper generally aimed to find out that Islam is love andpeace religion. By using a historical approach, the writer triedto investigate a number of facts showing Islam has promotedinterreligious harmony and has from its inception laid thefoundation of relationship between Islam and other religions. Itmeans that it is not only theoretically but also practically. Basedon historical facts which have been well-documented in SirahNabawiyah, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) became the firstperson who practiced and implemented the teachings ofreligious tolerance; respecting and helping others andconducting religious dialogue to create harmonious life inmulticultural country, Medina. In this paper, the writers alsotried to explore not only interreligious harmony in thebeginning of Islamic history, particularly in prophet-Abbasidera but also in Indonesian contemporary which has recentlybecome an object of talks and research.Keywords: social harmony, Jews, Christian, MedinaCharter, belief
Published: 1 May 2013
TAWASUT, Volume 1; doi:10.31942/ta.v1i1.1234

Abstract:
Islam is love and peace religion that brings justice, equality and moderation. The word Islam comes from salima means surrender, submission and peace. So that being a Muslim means spread and build a peace in the world. In fact nowadays, Islam has appeared as a violent religion bringing hatred. Indeed, this has blotted Islamic message namely peacefulness. Radical movement has a deep historical root in Islam called khawarij. Khawarij emerged when the arbitration (tahkim) conducted between Ali bin Abi Thalib and Muawiyah in Shiffin war and it was a fundamentalist religion movement. The coming out of Wahabi with their militan followers shows neo-khawarij, radical movement in Islam.Keywords: violence, extremism, conflict, radicalism
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