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Ayse Begum Ersoy
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i4.3454

Abstract:
Globalization and developments in digital technology paved the way for online communication, mobile penetration, and social media. Digital platforms and particularly social media have become popular sources of news and online interaction. Literature review so far reveals more than one billion social media users exist globally and use social media for shopping purposes. Hence, social media has become one of the most popular tools companies using for brand relationship building activities. The effect of social media on building customer commitment needs to be explored. This article aims to identify social media use among Turkish 18-40 years old in building commitment towards their favorite brands.
Anpi Chang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i4.3882

Abstract:
The Journal of Business Administration Research has been focusing on the research and development of global business models and management, contributing highly valued information for professionals engaged in scientific research, application innovation, and enterprise operation. The global economy and business development have been facing unprecedented challenges in seeking new economic models and renewing business models and management practices since the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020. Traditional industries are forced to transform the standardized management that has already become an essential condition, into smarter, more simplified, and highly effective management to adapt to an environment with mature applications of the Internet of Things (IoT), shifting from offline to online operations, and focusing more on operations at the user end instead of at the platform end. The goal is to integrate resources and improve operation efficiency more effectively by upgrading industries, lowering human resource requirements, and simplifying management models and production processes.
Kadiriya Kaimaier, Yejia Zhang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i4.3660

Abstract:
The impact of the epidemic on China's economy is huge. By analyzing the impact of the epidemic on the informal economy and consulting the measures taken by local governments in Sichuan to restore the stall economy in the post epidemic period, this paper classifies and refines the measures made by urban governments of different sizes of cities, puts forward relevant laws, and puts forward opinions and forecasts on the future trend of the stall economy and stall economy in the post epidemic period. Due to the impact of the epidemic, people's awareness of self-protection has increased, local governments have also strengthened prevention and control, and the business of vendors has been seriously affected. The Sichuan case shows that the government's encouragement is an important guarantee for the rapid recovery of the stall economy. At the same time, reasonable control is a necessary means to prevent the recurrence of the epidemic. For the future trend of the stall, it is a trend to set up permitted-vending-places (shudaoqu). Selecting an address according to the nature of the commodity is the guarantee of sales.
Christophe Storaï, Laetitia Rinieri
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i4.3655

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic has generated major economic impacts in the vast majority of countries, including falling GDP and global trade, massive job losses, deficits and increased public debt. If quasi-generalized interventionist economic policies have made it possible to cushion the paralysis of the productive devices, the short-term global outlook remains very uncertain. In this gloomy context, what will be the situation on the labour market, and in particular the vocational integration of students? Corsica presents the example of a small island territory in search of a regional development scheme based on the economy of knowledge and competence. In this major structural perspective, the University Apprenticeship Training Centre (CFA UNIV) in the Corsican region has been striving, for a decade, to contribute to the enhancement of students-apprentices vocational integration from the University of Corsica. Within the scope of its activities, are the monitoring and evaluation of the students-apprentices’ professional integration from the University of Corsica. Since 2011, the carrying out the annual surveys on students-apprentices’ future from the University of Corsica has demonstrated the capacity of the sandwich course training in Higher Education simultaneously to boost the employability of skilled human capital and the growth of local business structuring. This contribution will aim to synthesize ten years of CFA UNIV experience and will endeavour to analyse the localized consequences of a global pandemic crisis on the nature of the vocational integration student-apprentices from the University of Corsica in a small territory island.
Hsiu-Hua Hu, Yaozong Zhu
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i4.3703

Abstract:
In this study, we are to explore (1) features of HR reengineering, (2) the impact of business digitalization strategies on digital transformation and HR engineering, (3) the impact of business digitalization strategies and HR reengineering on talent value creation, and present the results of a qualitative study that offers insight into 42 “thought units”, which were “categorizing” into four dimensions corresponding to our research questions: (1) plan, (2) do, (3) check, and (4) action. The “check” dimension corresponds to the four key features of HR reengineering related to business digitalization strategy, and how to create talent value when a company successfully implements business-led digital transformation, HR reengineering, and talent value creation, including (1) talent planning, (2) talent introduction, (3) talent adjustment, and (4) talent development.
Masithembe Kafile
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3398

Abstract:
This paper addresses the integrated processes of planning and scheduling of projects using technologies advanced tools as means for managing change in the era of the 4IR. The paper explores the traditional project management planning and scheduling tools in conjunction with what technology has to offer, to bridge the gap between the traditional project management planning and scheduling tools and what the modern-day business market demands. An analysis of literature covering a wide range of theoretic and empirical studies was performed. The theories underlying various planning and scheduling methods were analysed in relation to the design of projects. A descriptive quantitative secondary data was used as a tool to assess the impact of technology on project planning for scheduling. The analysis of the study’s data was conducted using the principles of cross - tabulation. Inferences were drawn on the significant impact of the use of advanced technological tools on project planning for scheduling in current business time. Organisations can make use of the findings of this study to correctly apply the available advanced technological tools for more efficient schedule management planning to enhance the successful delivery of their projects. Further, this research can be used to provide learning opportunities for new and inexperienced planners and schedulers, and as a basis for further research in this field of knowledge.
Xun Han, Yuyan Jiang, Xianjing Huang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3428

Abstract:
This study analyzes how economic policy uncertainty affects corporate innovation, and the moderating effects of executive heterogeneity. A threephase dynamic investment and financing model is first built to analyze the mechanism. Empirical analysis confirms that the increase in the degree of economic policy uncertainty promotes enterprise innovation. Further results show that this promotion effect is more significant in enterprises with male executives, low educational level, no financial experience and political background. Moreover, the positive impact is only found in enterprises with moderate executive ability, and the overconfidence of senior executives plays a positive regulating role in it.
Abdul Halim, Al Amin
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3350

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to look at the impact of accounting information systems on the economy. The study has been directed based on the analytical and theoretical. It observed a total of 500 respondents. To run the research and to get informative results, this paper used primary data. It uses the Chi squire test, ANOVA tests, and Multinomial Logistic tests for analyzing the results. It calculates the data with the help of IBM statistical packages for social science (SPSS). This paper assumes that AIS is beneficial for Bangladeshi organizations, which contributes to the economic development of Bangladesh. However, it finally shows that this system has a gap between what accounting information systems are & what should be. This paper suggests that an organization may get potential benefits through the implementation of AIS in Bangladesh. It also will be benefited stakeholders from implying it. The paper conducts based on the listed financial organizations of Bangladesh. This is the main limitation of this study. It is the first work in Bangladesh based on my knowledge. It provides accurate information to all stakeholders that help them to the right decision. It will also help to improve the economic development of Bangladesh.
Tung-Shan Liao, Thi Ngọc Duy Trần, Thi Thuy Dung Pham
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3088

Abstract:
This study aims at providing explanations for how MNCs (multinational companies) proceed with their manipulation of resources and competencies in the entry process to a foreign market. To an increasing extent, such processes perform as a staging process of resource leverage. This study identifies three stages, using the multiple case study incorporating grounded theory: the initial stage, the adaptive intensification stage, and the advantage persistence stage. In the initial stage, an MNC’s entry decision tends to be based on the resource replication mode of resource leverage; the resource exploitation mode of resource leverage is used mainly in the adaptive intensification stage, and the resource exploration mode is used in the advantage persistence stage. This study suggests that these resource leverage modes incorporating their microfoundations can be viewed as a set of potential measurements for examining MNCs' dynamic capabilities in the entry process to a new host market.
Adyasha Suvadarshini, Bidhu Bhusan Mishra
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3193

Abstract:
The following paper attempts to understand if income determines the buying decision-making styles of consumers in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha, a state located on eastern India. A total of 103 respondents of Bhubaneswar were chosen by using the Mall intercept method. The samples were classified into three groups based on their average annual family income such as High Income, Middle Income and Low Income groups. Exploratory Factor Analysis was carried to identify the decisionmaking styles. ANOVA was employed to compare the shopping styles of these three income sub-groups. Results indicate that differences in consumer shopping styles exist among the income sub-groups. Findings of the study can be used by marketers for segmentation, targeting and positioning of retail shoppers which may facilitate them to compete efficiently. It is recommended that different income sub-groups should be viewed as distinct consumer segments and strategies should be formulated to cater each segment effectively.
Do Hai Hung
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2938

Abstract:
In recent year, the issues of sustainable development in general and enterprise's sustainable development have always been given special attention by government management agency, including small and medium-size industrial enterprises. The study conducted a survey of 316 industrial SMEs in three regions of the North, Central and South of Vietnam with the main survey subjects being managers in enterprises. The main purpose of the study is to assess the impact of the goverment support policies compared to other factors developed in the research model affecting the sustainable development of small and medium-sized industrial enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam. In this research, the authors employed exploratory factor analysis to identify 4 factors affecting the sustainable development of SMEs. The research results show that the government support policies have an important role but not strongly influence human resource factors, financial factor and social responsibility (SR) policies of enterprises in their sustainable development for industrial SMEs in Vietnam.
Tung-Shan Liao, Thi Thuy Dung Pham, Juin-Cherng Lu
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2635

Abstract:
The paper's purpose is to examine the role of knowledge and learning as a dynamic capability that leads to competitive advantage in family firms. It further conceptually develops a model showing the relationship between intellectual capital, firm performance, and dynamic capabilities in family firms. Using past case studies related to the subject, this study highlights the importance of knowledge accumulation, integration, codification, and the preservation of socioemotional wealth as dynamic capabilities that allow a family firm to sense and seize business opportunities that transform the business to a competitive advantage. Findings from the case applications reveal that family businesses benefit from the accumulation of knowledge through expertise, skills, and employment of non-family members and having family involvement as strategic important assets that lead to increased value in family firms’ performance.
Yunxia Su
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.3012

Abstract:
This study takes the cognitive-affective system theory of personality as the whole logic, integrates resource preservation theory and cooperation and competition theory to investigate the influence mechanism of Career Plateau on knowledge workers' knowledge hiding. The results show that career plateau (including its three dimensions:hierarchical plateau, work content plateau and inclusive plateau) has a significant positive impact on status anxiety and knowledge hiding of knowledge workers, and status anxiety plays a complete mediating effect between career plateau (including hierarchical plateau, work content plateau and inclusive plateau) and knowledge hiding of knowledge workers. Cooperative goal dependence positively moderates the relationship between hierarchical plateau and status anxiety, and negatively regulates the relationship between work content plateau and status anxiety. In addition, cooperative goal dependence positively moderates the indirect effect of hierarchical plateau on the knowledge workers' knowledge hiding through status anxiety, and negatively moderates the indirect effect of work content plateau on the knowledge workers' knowledge hiding through status anxiety. The results of this paper provide theoretical support and management enlightenment for further exploring the mechanism of career plateau and knowledge hiding in Chinese enterprises.
Keren Sun
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2763

Abstract:
This paper uses Qian’s level-standard economy approach to analyze the losses and gains of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era. Analysis found that: level-standard economy’s sectors are the losers during the process of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era; and super level-standard economy’s sectors are the winners during the process of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era. The erosion of the level-standard economy has great harm and impact on related parties, so that the USA emerges the movement of populist backlash against globalization. This paper proposes 4 measures to solve this dilemma, i.e., to impose higher tax rates on the winners of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era, to subsidize more to the losers of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era, to moderately relocate manufacturing and other industries back to the U.S., and to further strengthen transnational cooperation.
Oladejo Abiodun Oyebamiji
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2903

Abstract:
The study determined the effect of ownership structure on earnings quality of listed financial firms in Nigeria. The study employed secondary data. The study population comprised all the 16 listed financial firms on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. Purposive sampling technique was adopted to select top 10 banks whose shares are consistently traded on the stock market. Data for ownership structure and earnings quality were sourced from the audited financial statements of the selected firms and the Nigerian Stock Exchange Factbook over a period of 10 years (2009-2018). Collected data were analyzed using pooled ordinary least square, fixed effect and random effect estimation techniques. The result from the study showed that institutional ownership (t=4.3, p˂0.05) had a positive and statistically significant relationship with earnings quality while ownership concentration (t=- 2.5, p˂0.05) had a negative and significant relationship with earnings quality. The study recommended that the institutional ownership which shows a positive relationship with earnings quality enables improved earnings of the sampled listed banks. More institutional participation should be allowed in the Nigerian listed banks as it was proved that they have the power to monitor the affairs of managers as this will have a positive impact on earnings. Concentration ownership gives mangers incentives to manage earnings to achieve short term opportunistic interest; therefore it should not be encouraged.
Jiayi Song
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2887

Abstract:
This paper discusses and critically reviews the causes and consequences of global standardization and local adaptation of marketing strategies. The scope of the literature review is in the fields of international marketing, international trade, and corporate strategic management. It also aims to emphasize finding gaps after reading the literature. Even though the studies scope is extensive, this paper limits the reach: firstly, it introduces the standardization and local adaptation, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of both by researchers. At the same time, untangle the relationship between international marketing strategy and marketing mix. Secondly, it is divided into macro and micro to collate and analyze the leading factors affecting international strategy. So that realise the cross-market fit of global marketing tactic. Finally, focus on the KPI. The indicators of financial return were selected as the review from the factors representing the intuitive development level of the company. The goal was to concentrate on the mutual feedback and adjustment between the standardization/adaptation and performance of multinational companies. Among them, the diversities between developed and emerging markets are interspersed in each link. As this difference is a trend that scholars have begun to notice in recent years. Although many existed bibliographies are revolved around particular multinational companies or regions to assessment, this paper will focus on the impact of practical research article review and evaluation. It would not involve in specific corporate and country.
Qaisar Iqbal
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2803

Abstract:
Organizations are facing challenges to cope with gender equity in the presence of a diverse workforce. The present study investigates the moderating impact of Islamic work ethics on the organizational justice-gender equity relationship. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to employees working in a large private university in a State of Qatar. This study collected data from 250 employees with 66.12% response rate. The present study employed structural equation modelling to analyse data in SmartPLS 3.0 and SPSS version 24. Empirical findings revealed the significant relationship of distributive justice and interactional justice with gender equity. Procedural justice did not relate to gender equity. Furthermore, Islamic work ethics also moderated the relationship of interactional justice with gender equity. Limitations and implications have been added at the end of paper. This study is first in its nature revealing the conditional factor of Islamic work ethics on the organizational justice-gender equity relationship.
YongMei Hou, Qian Yi
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i2.3072

Abstract:
Objective: to explore college students' understanding and satisfaction of internet accidental injury insurance, and to analyse the factors influencing college students' awareness and satisfaction of internet accidental injury insurance. Methods: 836 college students in Guangdong Province were selected by stratified ramdon sampling. They were investigated with the self-designed questionnaire "College Students' Cognition of Internet Accidental Injury Insurance (CSCIAII)". Results: 29.67%, 52.18%, 10.13% and 8.02% of the college students didn't know, knew a little, knew relatively well and knew very well about internet accidental injury insurance, respectively. 55%, 16. 82%, 47. 73%, 11. 82% and 14. 09% of the college students satisfied with, , respectively. Conclusion: College Students' awareness of insurance is weak, and they do not pay enough attention to accidental injury insurance. The percentage of college students who are very satisfied with the internet accidental injury insurance, think the internet accidental injury insurance basically meets their own needs, think it is acceptable but needs to be improved, do not agree with and are not satisfied with it at all are 9.55%, 16.82%, 47.73%, 11.82% and 14.09%, respectively. The design, publicity and sale strategies of internet insurance products may be important factors affecting college students' understanding and satisfaction with internet accidental injury insurance.
Salim Keffane, Hocine Bachioua, Ahmed Zerzour
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2747

Abstract:
This study aims at the role of human resources management and quality assurance system to achieving the competitive advantage for the organization. Human resource management are the most important component among the organization's components, because, even an organization owns all other resources (materials, financial, technological) without the appropriate, skilled and experienced human resources, failure will be the expected result. Addressing By the Mobilis Telecom company, the study and through exploring the recruitment resources and methods that used by the company, in hiring the best employees, and the role of these methods in achieving the competitive advantage in Telecommunications sector. The findings of the study were that the company success in the recruitment process was rely on the employment agencies, firstly and on the universities, secondly. Also the company aimed on maintaining quality assurance system through recruiting method that based on Telecommunications experience and advancement in studying. In order to achieve the competitive advantage, the Company focused on innovation and creating new products and services for its clients. The statistical analysis proved that there is a strong relationship between recruitment resources used by the Company and achieving the competitive advantage, Also a relationship between the quality assurance system of the employees and the ability to gain the competitive advantage.
Yaxin Geng, Xiaoguang Wang, Zhaowei Meng
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2821

Abstract:
As one of the main modes of capacity sharing in the shipping alliance, the essence of which is the space mutual rent transaction among members. However, under the current trading system, the sharing of capacity between shipping enterprises requires a lot of transaction costs and communication costs, cooperation efficiency is not high, and there is a certain competitive relationship between enterprises, they work for their own interests, resulting in more difficult cooperation, and blockchain consensus mechanism, intelligent contracts, distributed bookkeeping and other characteristics can solve these problems of alliance cooperation. Therefore, based on the idea of blockchain, this paper designs a model of mutual lease cooperation in shipping union cabins, gives the model and process of mutual lease transactions based on blockchain, realizes mutual trust and win-win situation among members, simulates through the combination of Hyperledger Fabric and Matlab, and verifies the applicability of blockchain to shipping alliance capacity sharing cooperation.
David Mensah Awadzie
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2876

Abstract:
Exchange rate plays a vital role in an economy and the purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of exchange rate threshold level on the capital market performance. The study employed a Threshold Autoregressive model introduced by Tong (1978) and Hansen (1996). The study used secondary quarter-time series data for thirty-years from 1990 to 2019. The capital market performance was measured by the value of shares traded; market turnover; market capitalization and all-shares index. However, the results revealed the following estimated threshold level of exchange rate for each performance indicator: 7.94%; 25.33%; 25.33% and 7.80% respectively. In all, the threshold level of the exchange rate estimated was 8 and 25 per cent. The findings suggest that low exchange rate is performance-enhancing. In addition, the exchange rate above the threshold level is detrimental to the capital market performance. The findings of this investigation might be helpful to the government of Ghana and policymakers as they settle on an exchange rate target to adopt to avoid the detrimental effects of high exchange rate while obtaining the growth benefits of the low exchange rate. It has indicated that the exchange rate impacts the economy more than inflation in the Sub Saharan Africa but, not much works in the subject area in Sub Saharan Africa. Therefore, I recommend that more threshold studies have to be carried out on the exchange rate in the other sectors of the economy to ascertain its impact on the economy.
Breno Gontijo Tavares, Carlos Eduardo Sanches da Silva, Adler Diniz De Souza
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2678

Abstract:
This study presents a bibliometric analysis of Artificial Neural Networks in Risk Management. The study considered articles from the I.S.I. Web of Knowledge and Scopus databases, Identification of publishers, countries, periodicals and the keywords most frequently cited. We used the CiteSpace® software to analyze this material, which provides a set of features to support bibliometrics, including the reference maps. This study provides data collection on Artificial Neural Networks applied to risk management. The number of works identified in this study is significant, and in the last ten years, the number of citations has increased. We did not identify the increase in paper count within the same period.
Marcuta Liviu, Panait Razvan, Marcuta Alina
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2709

Abstract:
Modern life has contributed both to the increase of living standards, to the increase of the comfort level and to the development of the society, but also to the increase of the amount of waste that end up suffocating the planet and threatening the existence of present and future generations. Among the solutions that are sought and that are included in various programs and policies, the concept of circular economy is one that is increasingly discussed when talking about the sustainable development of society. The circular economy implies a reduction of the natural resources consumed due to both recycling and their fair consumption. At the E.U. level the foundations have been laid for policies aimed at waste management to ensure the application of the principles of the circular economy.Considering the importance that the quantification of the indicators for implementing the circular economy have on the elaboration of more efficient policies, but also on the determination of the degree of implementation of this concept, in this paper we intend to analyze the evolution of these indicators in 2010-2019, in the European Union using a customized version of the DPSIR model. Their analysis led us to the conclusion that although important steps have been taken towards the transition to the circular economy, there are still many aspects that need to be improved in order to achieve the proposed objectives through European policies.
Birhanu Nitsuh, Mekonnen Worku, Lake Endeshaw
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2360

Abstract:
Banking sector in Ethiopia is dominant and it is a dense competent area. Due to this the bank managements tend to continually found the strategies that enables them to be competent in this dense competition. These strategies often focus on handling of customers satisfaction to be strongly compete and pooling more customers. Because, service quality is relevant to keep up their competitive advantage and improve customer satisfaction. So, this study examine the handling of customers satisfaction and assessment of service qualities on Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE) in Addis Ababa at East District by applying SERVQUAL model. This study used convenient and random sampling technique to select the sample respondents and 400 respondents were selected branches of CBE in Addis Ababa at east district. The data sources for this study are primary and secondary data sources. The questionnaires are used as primary data source, which are contained SERVQUAL model and the agreements were measured by applying the five Likert point scales. The correlation result revealed that all dimensions of service quality have a strong and significant statistical relationship with customer satisfaction. The quality of service offered by CBE no meets with the expectation of customer (customers satisfied in somewhat quality service). So, the bank needs to reform service quality for satisfy and attract unsatisfied customers.
Marouen Hadhri
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2600

Abstract:
The paper examined the impact of business climate on the investment intentions of local enterprises, Mediterranean enterprises, and individual entrepreneurs in Tunisia. The paper has used both primary and secondary data. The secondary data is used for literature review and primary data has been collected by survey in Tunisia. Primary data were collected from 257 local and 204 Mediterranean businesses, including Large Corporations, Small businesses and SMEs, and 362 individual Tunisian investors, using a structured questionnaire via face-to-face interviews. Principal Component Analysis, t-test, ANOVA, post-hoc test, and the model of Multinomial Logistic Regression Analysis has been carried out to study the interrelationships among the variables in this paper. A descriptive analysis of the data has also been done. The paper found that the most important economic variables for local and Mediterranean enterprises are the 'presence of support system' and 'Investment Grants'. Though for the Individual Investors the most important economic variables are 'Saturation of Market', 'Investment grants', and 'Data Access'. The social variables 'safety in daily activities, safety while traveling' and 'security level of governance' are the most important variables. Further, the most important political variables affecting investment decisions are ‘Good governance’ and ‘Law enforcement’ of local, Mediterranean enterprises, and individual investors. The paper also found that political dimensions have a significant impact on the investment intentions of local enterprises, while social dimensions have a significant impact on the investment intentions of Mediterranean enterprises. Moreover, economic dimensions have a significant impact on the investment decision of individual investors. The paper suggests that, by developing a favorable climate for businesses, the government should promote investment in Tunisia. Easy credit facilities should be provided to the entrepreneurs. There is a need to provide credit guarantee tools to small and medium-sized businesses for easy access to financial services.
Dhanesh Kumar Khatri
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v4i1.2856

Abstract:
Venture capital finance has two aspects, the economic aspect and the behavioural economic aspect. The economic aspect includes issues such as conflict of interest between the entrepreneur and the venture capitalist (VC), asymmetric information, moral hazard, and compensation issues for both the parties. The behavioural economic aspect is related to relational factors such as empathy and a feeling of fairness and trust shown by both the parties.Therefore, while deciding the financer, entrepreneur should consider both relation aspect and value add services of the financier and strike optimal trade-off. The ensuing case analysis has been carried out focusing on elimination of double sided moral hazards through a proper trade-off between economy and behavioural economic theories (aspects).The performance of the venture can be enhanced by balancing both of these theories in practice. An equity distribution that represents economic reward is a source of motivation for both the parties to put optimal efforts towards the success of the venture. This was seen in the case analysis, when the parties perceived the initial equity distribution agreement as fair, the satisfaction level of all the parties increased, leading to the reduction in the possibility of double-sided moral hazard and ensuring the success of the venture. Moreover, the analysis shows that information sharing and two-way communication increases trust and improves decision quality. It further focusses on how feedback and proper work distribution results in efficiency of performance for each of the stakeholders, leading to reduced probability of double-sided moral hazards.
Jiayi Ge, Gengjun Gao
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i4.2306

Abstract:
This article studies the problem of fresh agricultural cold chain and constructs a comprehensive benefit distribution model with improved Shapley value. First of all, this article considers the influence of input factors, risk factors, effort level on benefit distribution, and uses the entropy method , the order relationship analysis method to determine the benefit distribution coefficient under each influence factor. Then, this article establishes a comprehensive benefit distribution model, and uses the Topsis method to calculate the weight of each participating enterprise. Finally, the simulation result shows the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed methods. The profit distribution model in this article takes into account the degree of contribution to participating enterprises to the cooperation and their satisfaction with the benefits distribution, solves the problem of unfair benefits distribution of the fresh agricultural cold chain, and thus promotes the stability of the cooperation among participating enterprises.
Marouen Hadhri
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i4.2089

Abstract:
The article aims to provide arguments of the favorable political conditions for FDI, the purpose is to know; whether, democracy and autocracy attract FDI in the Pre and Post-event of revolution in Tunisia. In addition, this investigation discusses the key elements for path dependency in democratic transitions from autocracy to democracy.
Abdul Gaffar Khan
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i4.2446

Abstract:
This study investigated the financial performance of Bangladesh's State-Owned Commercial Banks, Islami Shariah Based Private commercial Banks and Conventional Private Commercial Banks over 12 years from 2006 to 2017. The objective of this study is to find out the financial performance of a bank based on CAMEL indicators. The finding of this study is that Islami Shariah Based Private commercial Banks and Conventional Private Commercial Banks has a good position than State-Owned Commercial Banks. Specific, Pubali Bank Limited, Standard Bank Limited, Prime Bank Limited, City Bank Limited and Al-Arafah Islami Bank Limited are in the best position in Bangladesh under this study. We also found that the performance of State-Owned Commercial Banks is not good. This study gives a policy implementation according to results. 1. State-Owned Commercial Banks should restructure the infrastructure. 2. It needs more emphasis on efficiency and effectiveness to control the cost and loan investment. 3. It will be required to pay more in insurance premiums. 4. It should be born in mine, for higher rating banks. We suggest to a higher number of rating banks that it’s hinders a bank's ability to expand by investing, consolidating, or adding more branches. We also suggest to all lower rating banks. The institutions with a poor rating will be required to pay more in insurance premiums.
Jiangyu Huang, Jing Li
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i4.2578

Abstract:
Public participation in public procurement is an important guarantee for its sustainable and healthy operation. In the era of digital economy and big data, public participation in information disclosure, service quality, and service pricing in public procurement plays an important role. Public private partnerships are an innovative form of public procurement. This study sorts out the issues of public participation in PPP projects, and puts forward perfect suggestions based on data thinking. In terms of public procurement project information disclosure, big data technology is used to improve the timeliness and breadth of information disclosure, and enhance the professionalism of information disclosure. Performance-oriented public procurement focuses on service quality, and guarantees service security through information platforms and professional third parties. The public uses big data to supervise social organizations, so that they actively represent the public to file lawsuits against public procurement and relieve the public's damaged rights and interests. The protection of the public's right to know, suggest and supervise is inseparable from the training of professional talents by universities. Colleges and universities attach great importance to the cultivation of big data-oriented public procurement professionals, which includes improving teachers' teaching ability, building a new knowledge system that combines big data and public procurement, and setting professional courses for students at different learning stages through connotative development.
An-Pi Chang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i4.2218

Abstract:
Research on the essence of policy implementation is the basis for finding solutions. A circular city is founded on the concept of a circular economy, extending from the recycling of single substances to regional resource recycling development. Given limited energy and resource conditions, the emphasis lies in considering right from that source that at the end of a product’s service life substances can continue to enter their cycle of re-use and re-utilization. Meanwhile, residual substances can return to the industry and organisms as basic nutrients. The development of circular cities has to be multi-faceted synergetic promotion. Otherwise, it will be deviating from the meaning of the circular essence. In this study, the sustainable development of environment, economy, society and governance aspects were adopted as the starting point for exploring the connotation of the promotion of circular cites. The semi-structured expert interview was adopted as the research method. The pyramid principle was employed to carry out logical inference. The Fishbone Diagram was used to carry out time series analysis in order to ensure relevant requirements do not deviate from the mindset of circular essence during circular city planning. Finally, the 13 circular city planning solutions proposed in the research results and contribution can be specifically provided to agencies engaged in circular city planning and governance. They shall also serve as a reference for circular city solutions.
Nuria Viejo-Fernández, Sneha Saha
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i4.2345

Abstract:
This paper evaluates the influence that information processing routes have on omni-shopping behavior, as well as analyzing the consequences of this behavior for retailers through a cognitive-affective approach. A sample of 705 mobile phone users was used for this purpose. The results obtained using the binomial logit model in a first phase and later with an application of structural equations, reflect that omni-shoppers have a more planned purchasing behavior than those who develop a one-stop shopping behavior. They search for information in a rational and deep way, spending time and effort. As for the consequences that the omni-channel behavior has for retailers, it has been found that those omni-shoppers who experience negative emotions with the retailer, have a low perceived value of the company and their satisfaction will also be negative.
Giuseppe Caristi, Sabrina Lo Bosco
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i3.1898

Abstract:
A systematic approach is proposed to the theme of safety, reliabil-ity and global quality of complex networks (material and immaterial) bymeans of special mathematical tools that allow an adequate geometriccharacterization and study of the operation, even in the presence of mul-tiple obstacles along the path. To that end, applying the theory of graphsto the problem under study and using a special mathematical model basedon stochastic geometry, in this article we consider some regular latticesin which it is possible to schematize the elements of the network, withthe fundamental cell with six, eight or 2(n + 2) obstacles, calculating theprobability of Laplace. In this way it is possible to measure the "degree ofimpedance" exerted by the anomalies along the network by the obstaclesexamined. The method can be extended to other regular or irregular ge-ometric gures, whose union together constitutes the examined network,allowing to optimize the functioning of the complex system considered.
Christophe Storaï, Laetitia Rinieri
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i3.1877

Abstract:
At a time of exacerbated globalization, education, and more generally training, is a key factor for our society, at the heart of territories challenged to renew themselves in the face of the emergence around the globe of new centers of economic and demographic gravity, with their own models. Training, and its link with working life, is a real challenge to face, in the near future, the technological, economic, political and environmental revolutions that we are already facing. Beyond what is called sandwich training or continuing vocational training in Higher Education, the current challenge is indeed around lifelong learning, old concept but whose forms always call for an actualization in modernity. At the heart of a small island territory like Corsica, this challenge is all the more crucial to take up as it foreshadows its attractiveness in a context of glocalisation (Mair, 1991) now durably anchored.In an ever-changing global environment, with moving landmarks, increasingly complex personal and professional lives, and where everything that seemed well compartmentalized yesterday faces increasing porosity, the purpose of this contribution is to explain that the international mobility of students apprentices, at the heart of the construction of a skills economy, is a major strategic issue for the development and structuring of a small territory such as Corsica.
Tung-Shan Liao, Jyun-Tai Wang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i3.2107

Abstract:
In Taiwan, the low birth rate has become one of the most critical problems faced by the government and educational institutions at all levels. The enrolling student number of kindergartens perhaps is the most directly affected by such trend. The purpose of this study aims at constructing a system dynamics model to depict the relationships between the preschool children and their stakeholders for deducing the evolutionary trends of, and the interactions of, government-related policies and the operations of the early childhood education institutions. Through the interpretation of policies and simulation analysis of the twenty-year growth trend related to the child population in Taiwan, this study found that governmental policies and the promotion of education and care services have a positive effect on the growth of all levels of kindergarten classes. Besides, the relationship between the education and care service staff and the kindergarten play a causal balancing role in our proposed model. We suggest that the system dynamics model proposed by this study can help to observe the dynamic relationships formed by the stakeholders in preschool education and care system based on the "joint responsibility" of Taiwan's early childhood education.
Yunxia Su, Minggui Sun
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i3.1893

Abstract:
From the perspective of the insiders and outsiders, this study explores theinfluence of differential leadership on employees’ affective commitmentand the moderating effect of leader’s self-enhancing humor and individual traditionality. The results show that the differential leadership has apositive impact on the organizational affective commitment of employees, the leader’s self-enhancing humor and the employees’ traditionalityplay a positive regulatory role respectively. Moreover, compared with theoutsiders, the low traditionality has a stronger influence on the relationship between differential leadership and organizational affective commitment of the insiders. This paper enriches the research on the influenceof leadership style on employee’s affective commitment, proposes andverifies the moderation of leader’s self-enhancing humor and employee’straditionality, which complements the boundary conditions for the effectiveness of differential leadership style.
Yanru Deng, Mingdou Zhang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i3.1892

Abstract:
Public services provide convenient conditions for urban residents to study,work and live, and have important significance for improving the lifequality of residents and improving the level of welfare. However, whileChina’s spatial economic is heading towards agglomeration development,a large number of cities have shrunk, which has made unbalanced supplyof public services between regions increasingly prominent. Based on theexisting literature and the development reality, this paper analyzes theimpact of urban shrinkage on the public service level from the publicservice supply mechanism, and discusses the heterogeneous effects ofdifferent labor shrinkage on public services. The results of the study showthat urban shrinkage will inhibit the improvement of public service level,but inter-governmental competition makes the labor shrinkage of industryand service industry promote the improvement of public service level. Inaddition, this paper takes economic development level as a moderatingvariable to study the moderating effect of economic development level inthe impact of urban shrinkage on public service levels. It is found that thereduction of economic development level will promote government competition and provide more public services.
Nairong Shi
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i3.1955

Abstract:
With the continuous deepening of The Belt and Road Initiative development strategy in China, blockchain technology has been more and more widely applied in the financial field. In recent years, the overall operation situation of China's financial sector is stable. However, with the reform of the economic system and the innovation of the financial sector, there are still many problems in China's financial sector that need to be improved. With its application advantages, blockchain technology has solved many problems in the financial field. This paper analyses and discusses the application of blockchain technology in the financial field from the perspective of "The Belt and Road Initiative".
Zhaowei Meng, Xiaoguang Wang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i2.1703

Abstract:
This paper mainly studies the problem of multi-task assignment of providers in port logistics service supply chain. As a core enterprise, port plays the role of logistics service integrator.With the continuous development of industrial integration, logistics service providers not only provide one kind of logistics service, but also develop into composite suppliers who capable of providing a variety of logistics services . This paper studies the task assignment problem of multi-service capability providers in the port logistics service supply chain. The two-stage logistics service provider task assignment model was built ,which is based on the mixed evaluation method (including MOORA and FMEA) and the multi-objective planning method. Eventually, the effectiveness of the model method was verified by combining with an example.
Di Liu
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i2.1750

Abstract:
Through a measurement of corporate investment plan, i.e. expected investment cash flow growth (EICFG), which combines historical equity issuance and factors that influence firm’s future investment, this paper studies the impact of investment expectation on firm’s cross-sectional return of stock in China capital market. I document the negative correlation between EICFG and future stock return in A-share market, and find out that stocks of firms with higher growth of investment cash flow performs significantly worse than those with lower growth of investment cash flow in one year. Our long-short EICFG portfolio generates a statistically and economically significant return which cannot be captured by leading factor models. I further disentangle the covariation between EICFG and expected stock return from rational and behavioral perspective. This paper also extends the research of investment premium to investment-based asset pricing model.
Yunxia Su, Minggui Sun
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i2.1794

Abstract:
Through in-depth interviews,this study makes an exploratory study on the dimension of the middle class relational identification in Chinese context by using the grounded theory. It is mainly composed of 4 dimensions: relational orientation,relational adaptation,relational evaluation and relational development. According to the four dimension model of middle class relational identification,the middle class relational identification in China is the cognitive and behavioral orientation that in the action of achieving a certain purpose,because of the perception of consistence with each other in role cognition and personal cognition,the middle class is willing to unite and trust,respect and understand and coordinate the conflict to adapt to this relationship,and then to form a positive evaluation of the relationship and a sense of belonging and commitment to this relationship. The construction of the structural dimension of middle class relational identification in China is conducive to explaining the endemic phenomena of Chinese middle class.
Syed Moudud-Ul-Huq, Abdul Halim, Tanmay Biswas
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i2.1807

Abstract:
This paper uses generalized method of moments (GMM), Least Squares (LS) and Generalized Linear Model (GLM) to examine the impact of competition on profitability of banks and Stochastic Frontier approach (SFA) is used to estimate of cost efficiency. We have used an unbalanced panel dataset from a sample of emerging economic MENA countries over the period between 2011 and 2017. We find out that have a significant and negative impact of competition on profitability of banks. The empirical findings of this study suggest that MENA banks should more improve the process of managing and monitoring the loan segment business ; the result which reducing in the level of credit risk which leads to higher profitability ii) MENA banks should shrink higher level of banking sector development. iii) MENA banks should make full conduct of available funds to engage in various natures of businesses; if there is an issue of insolvency, robust government support would give protection to MENA banks. Finally, it also provides some compulsory policy implications which will be very beneficial for a wide range of stakeholders.
Yao Fu, CongDian Cheng, Lizhu Wang
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i2.1811

Abstract:
It is a research subject that has attracted a wide concern and study for a long time to find a suitable trading point of stock. From the views of big data and quantization technique, the paper tries to propose an approach, through the form of algorithm, based on big data analysis and linear weighted moving average curve, to find the point of buying stock, so that the trader would like to achieve the expected profit with a higher probability; and makes the digital experiment to further explain the approach and verify its performance. This work can promote the development of big data research and quantization technique, and can also provide a certain reference method for the trader making the technology analysis of the trade.
Ana Paula Paulino Da Costa, Elionor Weffort, Joanília Neide De Sales Cia, Josilmar Cordenonssi Cia
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v1i3.1725

Abstract:
The main purpose of our paper is to identify and analyse the underlying stereotype attributes concerning accountant, accounting and users through cartoons. Doing so, we aim to capture insights of how this spectrum of society perceives actors involved on accounting issues. Our study also differs from others as our period of analysis is long, 79 years, from 1925 to 2003. As we have the advantage of a long period and a popular non-professional database, we can work with multiple actors as accountant, accounting and users, instead of focusing on single one. And the richness of database also allowed splitting these main actors in 7 actors. In order to capture stereotype nuances of multiple actors from a cartoon database, we use discourse analysis method that has been used on other studies of identity but not to study accounting issues. As cartoons are composed by images and texts to give a message, it is richer to analyze discourse beyond images and texts. Our results are mainly consistent with previous studies although we found some different results when considering different periods of time as well new findings about tax actors such as taxpayers, tax agent and tax accounting.
Ana Paula Paulino da Costa, Elionor Weffort, Joanília Neide De Sales Cia, Josilmar Cordenonssi Cia
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i1.1725

Abstract:
The main purpose of our paper is to identify and analyse the underlying stereotype attributes concerning accountant, accounting and users through cartoons. Doing so, we aim to capture insights of how this spectrum of society perceives actors involved on accounting issues. Our study also differs from others as our period of analysis is long, 79 years, from 1925 to 2003. As we have the advantage of a long period and a popular non-professional database, we can work with multiple actors as accountant, accounting and users, instead of focusing on single one. And the richness of database also allowed splitting these main actors in 7 actors. In order to capture stereotype nuances of multiple actors from a cartoon database, we use discourse analysis method that has been used on other studies of identity but not to study accounting issues. As cartoons are composed by images and texts to give a message, it is richer to analyze discourse beyond images and texts. Our results are mainly consistent with previous studies although we found some different results when considering different periods of time as well new findings about tax actors such as taxpayers, tax agent and tax accounting.
Harry Hou In Chek, Simon Kong Lei
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i1.1020

Abstract:
In the digital era, more and more people tend to look for travel-related information on the Internet. Hence, destination marketing organization (DMO) websites can play a decisive role in affecting people’s destination choices. Based on the study of Pai, Xia, and Wang, Macao’s DMO website received the lowest score in the effectiveness when compared to the other four tourism destinations: Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, and Thailand. This paper aimed to carry out a comparative analysis on the functionality among three DMO websites in Asia. Each website was examined in great detail, and the features were categorized according to a well-established conceptual framework pioneered by Li and Wang. Consequently, the results of this study gave useful information and new insights to destination marketing managers in terms of gap analysis and the development of new features for their websites. The results of this research could be used as benchmarking purposes in regards to website functionality. In addition, DMO websites in western countries, such as Canada, were also examined for a better understanding of the comprehensiveness of the available website functionality aimed for prospective visitors. Business and managerial implications were also discussed.
Hocine Bachioua, Khaoula Kachaou, Salim Keffane
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i1.1425

Abstract:
The aims this study to know the reality of the role for Total Quality Management (TQM) to need of Algerian Higher Education Institutions(AHEI) in apply the Total Quality Management (TQM) to promote the Comprehensive Development (CD), and this approach to enhance their roles in the comprehensive development, the efficiency of the training process, global changes and their needs to adopt a new educational policy in line with the global transformation competition, and the requirements of sustainable development, in this study was used a questionnaire composed of (75) items distributed on (08) areas, This is for confirmation the need to adopt philosophy of Total Quality Management (TQM) as a strategy imposed by the nature and the stage experienced for Algerian Higher Education Institutions(AHEI), And deal with the nature of the changes and challenges imposed by certain factors such as Globalization and the knowledge revolution, through all this inevitably to apply the Total Quality Management (TQM) in our Algerian Higher Education Institutions(AHEI).
Yasir Khan, Mukharif Shah, Darwash Muhammad
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v3i1.1554

Abstract:
Mutual Funds through its professional managers enable small investors to enjoy benefits of capital market with small amount. This study with special focus on Performance-Chasing Behavior and Mutual Funds in an Emerging Economy like Pakistan. The data of 100 open-end Mutual Funds, for the period 2013 to 2018 was collected from Mutual Fund Association of Pakistan; while the risk free rates data was collected from State Bank of Pakistan and Stock data from Pakistan Stock Exchange for predicting the results, Ratio and models were used to understand its suitability. The study has certain implications for the investors in knowing which funds perform better and which kind of funds are ideal for investment.
Hocine Bachioua, Khaoula Kachaou, Salim Keffane
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v1i3.1425

Abstract:
The aims this study to know the reality of the role for Total Quality Management (TQM) to need of Algerian Higher Education Institutions(AHEI) in apply the Total Quality Management (TQM) to promote the Comprehensive Development (CD), and this approach to enhance their roles in the comprehensive development, the efficiency of the training process, global changes and their needs to adopt a new educational policy in line with the global transformation competition, and the requirements of sustainable development, in this study was used a questionnaire composed of (75) items distributed on (08) areas, This is for confirmation the need to adopt philosophy of Total Quality Management (TQM) as a strategy imposed by the nature and the stage experienced for Algerian Higher Education Institutions(AHEI), And deal with the nature of the changes and challenges imposed by certain factors such as Globalization and the knowledge revolution, through all this inevitably to apply the Total Quality Management (TQM) in our Algerian Higher Education Institutions(AHEI).
Harry Hou In Chek,
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jbar.v1i3.1020

Abstract:
In the digital era, more and more people tend to look for travel-related information on the Internet. Hence, destination marketing organization (DMO) websites can play a decisive role in affecting people’s destination choices. Based on the study of Pai, Xia, and Wang, Macao’s DMO website received the lowest score in the effectiveness when compared to the other four tourism destinations: Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, and Thailand. This paper aimed to carry out a comparative analysis on the functionality among three DMO websites in Asia. Each website was examined in great detail, and the features were categorized according to a well-established conceptual framework pioneered by Li and Wang. Consequently, the results of this study gave useful information and new insights to destination marketing managers in terms of gap analysis and the development of new features for their websites. The results of this research could be used as benchmarking purposes in regards to website functionality. In addition, DMO websites in western countries, such as Canada, were also examined for a better understanding of the comprehensiveness of the available website functionality aimed for prospective visitors. Business and managerial implications were also discussed.
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