Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal SEISENSE Journal of Management: 83

(searched for: journal_id:(4178338))
Page of 2
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Nishath Anjum , Afsarul Islam, Mahmudul Islam Choudhury, Jace Saha
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 4, pp 47-58; doi:10.33215/sjom.v4i1.534

Abstract:
Purpose- This study investigates the impact of intrinsic rewards (Recognition, Training and Development, Work Environment, Participation in Decision Making, and Workplace Flexibility) on primary school teachers’ motivation at the workplace. Design/Methodology- A survey was conducted using a 5 Likert scale questionnaire among the teachers of different primary schools across Bangladesh. A total of 200 data was gathered through random sampling. SPSS 22.0 is used for analyzing the data. The study employed multiple regression and ANOVA, correlation, reliability test, and descriptive statistics to draw the findings. Findings- The study revealed that intrinsic rewards have a significant effect on teachers’ motivation. All the studied variables (Recognition, Training and Development, Work Environment, Participation in Decision Making, and Workplace Flexibility) have found a statistically significant relationship with Motivation. Moreover, recognition and work environment showed the most robust relationships with teachers’ motivation. Practical Implications- Organizations can use this study's results to comprehend the effect of intrinsic or non-financial rewards on employee motivation. Thus, the research findings could help similar institutions design an appropriate reward package with adequate intrinsic rewards to motivate their employees and ensure better performance at work.
Muhammad Ahmad Mazher , Jauhari Dahalan
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 4, pp 1-12; doi:10.33215/sjom.v4i1.486

Abstract:
Purpose- This empirical study facet at Pakistan for the period between 1960 and 2017 in the connection between public investment, public capital stock, private investment, private capital stock, and real GDP. Design/Methodology- Using theoretical and empirical literature assessment, to measure the impact of private investment, private capital stock, government investment, and government capital stock on Pakistan's real gross domestic product, we involved the ARDL Bound tests. Findings- A positive and significant connection was revealed between government investment, a private capital stock with real GDP. Private investment showed a substantial but negative impact in the short run, despite capital stocks indicating a positive and insignificant relationship with Pakistan's RGDP. The long-term consequences showed that the government's capital stocks, public investment, private capital stocks, and RGDP from Pakistan are linked positively and significantly. Private investment, however, has shown harmful and detrimental or insignificant relations with Pakistan's RGDP. Practical Implications- Our study may benefit the Pakistani economy, particularly while useful for academics and researchers to understand the basic concept of 'capital-growth' philosophy.
Benard Korankye, Evelyn Amakyewaa
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 4, pp 31-46; doi:10.33215/sjom.v4i1.513

Abstract:
Purpose- Several critical factors contribute to employees' satisfaction or an attempt to stay with an organization. This paper aimed to explore the impact of emotional and spiritual intelligence on job satisfaction and turnover intention among employees in the telecommunication companies in Ghana. Design/Methodology- A cross-section research design approach was adopted. A questionnaire was used to gather data from employees in MTN, Vodafone, and Airtel-Tigo in the Kumasi Metropolis Ghana through a simple random sampling approach. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 26) was to process data into tables and figures to help us undertake the descriptive, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Findings- The study results indicate that emotional intelligence positively influences the job satisfaction and turnover intentions of employees. Spiritual Intelligence was found to influence job satisfaction positively but had a negative impact on the turnover intention of employees in mobile telecommunication companies. Practical Implications- The findings highlight the relevance of emotional and spiritual intelligence in promoting job satisfaction and turnover intention relative to emotional intelligence specifically. Furthermore, it would aid organizations in the sector with a huge workforce and large customer base to critically assess issues relating to emotional and spiritual intelligence to enhance job satisfaction and minimize the intent to leave the organization.
Beatrice Kitigin , Michael Korir, Kefa Chepkwony
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 4, pp 13-30; doi:10.33215/sjom.v4i1.480

Abstract:
Purpose- The study investigated the indirect effect of innovative behavior on the relationship between e-banking technology characteristics and micro and small enterprises (MSE) performance through e-banking technology adoption in Kenya. Design/methodology: The study employed an explanatory research design and a multistage sampling technique to collect cross-sectional data using a self-administered questionnaire. The sample size of 455 MSEs was drawn from a target population of 5915 in Vihiga County, Kenya. Findings-The study findings showed a complementary mediation of e-banking technology adoption on the relationship between e-banking technology characteristics and MSE performance. Additionally, innovative behavior moderated the association between e-banking technology adoption and MSE performance but did not moderate the relationship between e-banking technology characteristics and e-banking technology adoption. Further, innovative behavior moderates the indirect relationship between e-banking technology characteristics and MSE performance via e-banking technology adoption. This effect was much more substantial, with a higher level of innovative behavior. Practical Implications- These findings underscored the need for policy reviews for government, county, and private sector on e-banking technology adoption and MSE performance in Kenya. Originality/value- The study's findings bring vital knowledge concerning the indirect effect of e-banking technology adoption and innovative behavior on the study variables.
Farhan Mehboob , Noraini Othman
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 1-13; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i6.448

Abstract:
Purpose- Individuals' support for change is a critical success factor to implement change effectively. Therefore, identifying the possible antecedent and mechanism, leading to behavioral support towards change, is necessary. The study aims to unfold this avenue of research empirically by examining the role of both person and context factors in promoting behavioral support for change. Design/Methodology- Data was collected from 292 academic staff of six public sector universities located in Pakistan via cross-sectional mean. A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect responses from the desired population. Findings- Results revealed a positive impact of perceived management support on academic staff’s behavioral support for change. Moreover, change-efficacy also provides a statistically significant intervening mechanism to translate the effect of perceived management support on both dimensions of behavioral support to change such as compliance and championing behavior Practical Implications- The research offers useful insights for top university officials to build support for change by providing needed support and resources; make academic staff capable of executing the change-related tasks into viable actions meritoriously.
A A Nuzul, Andree Dwijanto Witjaksono, Anang Kistyanto
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 14-25; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i6.467

Abstract:
Purpose: This paper tried to examine the mediation effect of psychological empowerment between empowering leadership and employee creativity Design/Methodology: This study referred to quantitative research design and used a paper-based online questionnaire to collect data from a sample of 65 employees drawn from an Information Technology company in Surabaya, Indonesia. This study used the SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) Partial Least Square analysis with saturated samples. Findings: The results indicate that empowering leadership and psychological empowerment positively and significantly affect employee creativity. The results further reveal that psychological empowerment significantly mediating the relationship between empowering leadership and employee creativity. Practical Implications: The findings of this study provide benefits for company leaders to identify learning solutions to practical solutions, motivate employees to come up with creative ideas, and empower employees. Mostly during challenging times such as during the COVID 19 pandemic, work must be done from home. The results of this study provide opportunities for leaders to produce techniques, policies, and strategies to increase employee creativity through motivation, direction, and empowerment Originality/Value: This study makes a new attempt to demonstrate the mediating effect of empowering leadership and employee creativity in Information Technology companies at Vascomm Surabaya Indonesia. In addition, the research underlines the importance of motivating and always giving employees freedom for creative behavior which is important knowledge in difficult times like today caused by the covid-19 pandemic.
Imtiaz Badshah , Trond-Arne Borgersen
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 35-49; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i6.474

Abstract:
Exchange rate fluctuations represent a challenge for the internationalization of all firms, both big and small. This paper reflects on two aspects of the exchange rate challenge - (i) the exchange rate pass-through and (ii) hedging of exchange rate risk and how SMEs manage these two aspects of exchange rate risk. The exchange rate challenges that SMEs face might differ from the risks larger firms are exposed to, and their management of the risks might vary. In family-owned SMEs, longer planning horizons than listed firms might imply a weaker exchange rate pass-through, while smaller financial buffers might pull pass-through rules in the opposite direction for the same SMEs. When considering hedging, the paper argues for both operational hedging and external hedging to represent a management challenge for SMEs, pushing the exchange rate risk towards the forefront of the factors hampering internationalization among SMEs.
Wen Ni Tiong, Anne Freda Siaw Fen Sim
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 50-64; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i6.477

Abstract:
Objective- This article aims to discuss the authors’ own experience using a web-based seminar (webinar) as a new data collection method for a qualitative descriptive study on factors influencing digital banking adoption among potential users in Malaysia (Digital Banking Study). Design - This will be the first study to gather information from industry players and public perception towards digital banking service using webinars, with evidence compared to the study’s quantitative results. Findings – Data derived from webinar sessions are consistent with the quantitative results, and the potential of its uses as a new research tool was discussed in detail. Policy Implications- The findings showed several practical implications that are potentially useful for researchers, academics, and business analysts to consider adopting webinar data as a new qualitative data collection method. Originality - This study documents the supporting evidence of the potential use of webinars as a useful tool to collect quality observation data.
Gul E Rana Lakhi, Noor Azizah Mohamadali
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 26-34; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i6.451

Abstract:
Purpose – The study aims to examine the impact of website design, e-fulfillment, e-service and e-security on overall e-service quality and its impact on brand attachment. Design/methodology/approach – Data of 425 respondents was collected from the internet banking industry users through an online survey. Further, PLS-SEM was employed to analyze the data. Findings – Results indicate that the impact of e-security, e- customer service, and e-fulfillment on overall e-customer service quality was supported. In contrast, the impact of website design was not supported. Further, overall, e-service quality also has a significant impact on brand attachment. Originality/value – This study suggested and tested a brand attachment framework for the banking industry to support strategy formulation for managers.
Saman Fatima, Roshan Luqman
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 1-12; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i5.404

Abstract:
Purpose- The article aims to study and explore the effect of market learning on management innovation along with exploring the role of knowledge integration as a mediator in the hospitality industry of Pakistan. Design/Methodology- The data comprised 215 respondents from the hospitality industry, and it was gathered through a questionnaire containing 22 items, including four demographical items. The gathered data was utilized to validate our model empirically through statistical tests. Findings- Research findings reveal that management innovation is driven by market learning, and significant relationships exist between market learning, knowledge integration, and management innovation. The mediating role of knowledge integration also exists significantly between management innovation and market learning. Novelty – Knowledge integration about management innovation and market learning is a novel contribution, and findings suggest that its effect on this model is significant. Practical Implications- Successful organizations include knowledge integration and management innovation as a critical part of their culture as these variables boost the firm’s productivity and employee participation, and both are found to be driven by market learning. The managers can make an effort to enhance market learning and improve the firm’s overall performance.
Mercy Kananu Kanake , Ambrose Kemboi
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 13-23; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i5.421

Abstract:
Purpose: This paper seeks to address the moderating effect of leader-member exchange on the link between employee empowerment and innovative work behavior. Design/Methodology: The study draws on the causal-comparative research design, and employs paper-based self-administered questionnaires to gather data from a sample of 470 employees drawn from manufacturing firms in Kenya. This sample is part of a population of 9915 employees and has been narrowed down using Yamane’s formula. The study employs stratified and simple random sampling techniques to constitute the required sample of employees. Findings: The results indicate that employee empowerment and Leader-Member Exchange positively and significantly affect innovative work behavior. The results further reveal that Leader-member exchange significantly moderates the link between employee empowerment and innovative work behavior. Practical Implication: The findings of this study provide an avenue through which managers of manufacturing firms can identify constructs that best explain innovative work behavior, especially during challenging times such as this time of Covid 19 pandemic. The results of this study provides managers with opportunities to come up with techniques, policies and strategies to improve relationship between employees and their supervisors for purposes of improved productivity, employee loyalty and reduced conflicts. Originality/Value: The study makes a novel attempt to show the moderating influence of leader–member exchange in the context of employee empowerment and innovative work behavior in manufacturing firms in Kenya. Moreover, the study underscores the importance of leader-member exchange in employees’ innovative behavior, which is vital knowledge in tough times like the current uncertainty caused by the covid-19 pandemic.
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 33-53; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i5.445

Abstract:
Objective- The research looks forward to extracting strategies for accelerated recovery during the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. Design - Research design considers quantitative methodology and evaluates significant factors from 170 countries to deploy supervised and unsupervised Machine Learning techniques to generate non-trivial predictions. Findings - Findings presented by the research reflect on data-driven observation applicable at the macro level and provide healthcare-oriented insights for governing authorities. Policy Implications - Research provides interpretability of Machine Learning models regarding several aspects of the pandemic that can be leveraged for optimizing treatment protocols. Originality - Research makes use of curated near-time data to identify significant correlations keeping emerging economies at the center stage. Considering the current state of clinical trial research reflects on parallel non-clinical strategies to co-exist with the Coronavirus.
Thi Hong Nhung Nguyen
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 24-32; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i5.430

Abstract:
Purpose- This paper aims to investigate the effect of firm risk on the firm value to see how the firm value is changing when the risk level is changed. Our result indicates that a higher level of risk can reduce firm value. Design/Methodology- We apply a Bayesian causal technique for a sample data set of US public firms. The causal approach helps us to focus on the reliable and unbiased results instead of the association-based findings. Findings- The results show a negative effect of risk on the firms’ value for the sample data. However, we investigate the potential effect of the risk across the distribution of the firm value. We witness the more substantial effect of risk on firms with a higher value. Practical Implications- Helps firms to evaluate their risk and its effect, so they can adjust their decisions and take actions to reduce the undesired effects of firm risk.
Fiona Jepkosgei Korir , Joel K Tenai
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 54-64; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i5.432

Abstract:
Purpose- The study investigates the moderating role of Chief Executive Officer Duality onboard attributes and firm performance of companies listed in Kenya. Design/Methodology- The research used a longitudinal research design. Panel data were derived from published accounts for sixteen years that is from 2002-2017. IGLS regression models were used to test the hypothesis. Findings- The empirical results indicated that the independence of the board, the size of the board, and the duration in which the board member served the organization positively influence the firm performance. However, CEO duality does not moderate the relationship. Practical Implications- Regulatory bodies such as NSE and CMA in Kenya should ensure that listed firms have more independent directors serving a board, ensure a reasonable size of the board and increase the board tenure to enhance firm performance. Further, the combined roles of the CEO and chairman may not influence the efficiency of the board in the Kenyan context.
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 31-43; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i4.397

Abstract:
Purpose- In the current century, the number of students who travel abroad to study at international higher education institutions universally has increased. Accordingly, a considerable number of young generations from different countries are coming together, and most of them prefer to live at the university’s dormitories. The main aim of this research has identified and examined the impacts of roommate conflicts, on the lifestyle and academic success of students living in dormitories. Design/Methodology- The study area of this research is the dormitories located inside the Campus of Eastern Mediterranean University in Famagusta, Northern Cyprus. Data was collected by utilizing both qualitative and quantitative methods. Findings- The results showed that conflicts amidst roommates negatively influenced their lifestyle and academic success. Although it is impossible to solve problems and conflicts at all, however, it is possible to minimize and control them. Moreover, management styles and approaches play a fundamental role in reducing or increasing negative impacts. Practical Implications- Several suggestions mentioned for managers to minimize problems, like price reduction, qualified staff employment, evaluation of dormitories, rewriting the rules against alcohol consumption and making noise, and etc.
Aima Khan
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 44-55; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i4.367

Abstract:
Objective: The objective of this paper is to develop a model of exchange rate determination and forecasting to provide reasonable forecasts for the exchange rate to facilitate long-term investments. Design: The study develops the model using the system dynamics method. Grounded on the fundamental theories, the model incorporates nonlinear feedback relationships of interest rate, inflation, per capita income, terms of trade, and oil prices with the exchange rate. Findings: The simulation results indicate the robustness of the model to mimic not only the long term past behavior of the exchange rate but also its ability to provide a reliable long-term forecast for the exchange rate. The model is portable and applies to any oil-exporting country after calibration. Policy Implications: The study has practical implications for individuals, businesses, and the Government because they are all influenced by the exchange rate movements. Specifically, this model provides a useful tool for long term strategic financial planning of oil firms. Originality: The study develops a model for exchange rate accounting for nonlinear feedback relationships among the variables.
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 1-20; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i4.351

Abstract:
Using a sample free of survivorship bias and several risk-adjusted performance benchmarks to identify effects of scale on mutual fund performance in the Norwegian market, I find mixed evidence that both large and small funds underperform as against the middle-sized funds in the period 2005-2018. Controlling for relevant factors in panel data regressions, I find that, on average, performance worsens with an increase in size while giving support to initial findings of nonlinearity. The relationship is most robust after 2013 and seems to be affected by competition in the market as well as fund inflows. I do not find any empirical evidence to support the liquidity hypothesis.
Eva Mpaata , Naomy Koskei, Ernest Saina
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 56-67; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i4.396

Abstract:
Purpose: This paper highlights the relevance of Savings Behavior and the impact of Social Influence on Savings Behavior in a developing country utilizing both life cycle and economic theories Methodology: This paper presents findings from a thorough review of the literature. Relevant articles were reviewed on both savings behavior and social influence. The articles consisted of both contexts developed versus developing. Findings: The findings suggest that from the developed country context, Social Influence positively affects Savings Behavior, which is not the case for the developing economies that show the negative impact of social influence on savings behavior. Therefore, financial education and literacy training are two of the means of encouraging individual self-control in these developing economies despite their vulnerability to social influence to encourage positive savings behavior. Implications: Individuals are encouraged to save, especially during their productive ages, along with their lifespan. This can be done by obligatory deductions for those that are officially employed. Originality/Value: This paper reveals a bibliography theoretical review on Social Influence and Savings Behavior within the developing country context. The paper presents the puzzle about the effect of Social Influence and Savings Behavior in the emerging economy. The majority of savings behavior research undertaken in the developed economies shows the positive effect of social influence on savings behavior, which is not the case in the developing economies.
Purwadi Purwadi, Bella Devitasari, Dio Caisar Darma
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 21-30; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i4.385

Abstract:
Purpose- With competitors, making business people must continue to evaluate the marketing strategy carried out and understand consumer behavior, especially from the coffee shop. The study aims to present the relationship between Store Atmosphere, SERVQUAL, and Consumer Loyalty in Excelso (Big Mall, Samarinda City). Design/Methodology- We conduct online surveys (instrumental social networking sites). The sample of this study was based on purposive sampling. There were total 98 participants. The study hypotheses were assessed with the OLS model. Findings- We find that there is a significant positive effect of the Store Atmosphere variable on SERVQUAL and SERVQUAL on Consumer Loyalty. Meanwhile, the relationship between Store Atmosphere and SERVQUAL variables is positive-insignificant. Practical Implications- With this study, it can create a sense of curiosity to conduct further research, namely by holding interviews or distributing a broader questionnaire to obtain maximum results.
Ramzan Ali , Usman Ullah Butt, Muhammad Musa Khan, Muhammad Shaheer, Farhan Abbas Zaidi
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 51-64; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i3.353

Abstract:
Purpose- The prime objective of this study was to find the co-movement between the Canadian credit default swaps market, the Stock market and volatility index (TSX 60 Index) Design/ Methodology- To achieve this purpose, daily data containing 2870 observations starting from the 1st of January 2009 to the 30th of December 2019 were analyzed. This study employed the wavelet approach to present results in short-term, medium-term, long-term, and very long time. Findings- The findings of this study showed a negative correlation between the CDS market, stock market, and the TSX 60 index in the short-term as well as in the long-term term, while in medium-term and very long-term period correlation is strongly positive. The wavelet co-movement results in the short-term and long-term were negative, while this relationship in the medium-term and very long-term period was strongly positive. Practical Implications- This research provides simultaneous valuable information for investment decisions in the short, medium, and long term time horizons, as well as for the policymakers in the Canadian credit default swaps market, stock market, and the volatility index (TSX 60 Index).
Mehreen Fatima , Zeeshan Izhar, Zaheer Abbas Kazmi
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 12-22; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i3.334

Abstract:
Purpose- The primary purpose of the study is to determine the impact of organizational justice (OJ) on employee sustainability. Along with that, it also describes how organizational commitment mediates this direct relationship. This study includes all dimensions of OJ which are distributive, procedural and interactional (interpersonal & informational) within the context of a developing country (Pakistan). Design/Methodology- This study has considered employees working in the banking sector of Pakistan. Two hundred ten questionnaires were received back from employees. Regression analysis was used to analyze direct relationships between variables, while smart partial least squares (PLS) were used for mediation analysis. Findings- Results demonstrated that all hypothesis were accepted and it was also confirmed that organizational commitment (OC) mediates the direct relationship between OJ and employee sustainability (ES). Originality/value- Multidimensional construct of organizational justice was tested in this study, in the context of a developing country (Pakistan), to address the research gap.
Muhammad Osaid Rabie , Marlin Abdul Malek
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 1-11; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i3.343

Abstract:
Purpose- Prevalence of corporate frauds is critical, therefore, identifying and institutionalizing the bad apples in the barrel which are engaged in wrongdoings is much needed and must be brought to the lights through whistleblowing. Design/Methodology- Data were collected from the South Asian countries through a structured questionnaire from the employees of the telecom sector. Three hundred twenty-nine samples were gathered to test hypothesized relationships. Findings- Results showed that whistleblowing intentions of employees through psychological stress mediates the behaviors of their leaders, which turns ethical leadership at the workplace. Further, ethical leadership positively impacts employees’ intention to blow the whistle at the workplace. Furthermore, the analysis showed that interactional justice moderates the relationship between ethical leadership and intention to blow the whistle of employees Practical Implications- This research gives a different perspective to the managers to develop such a culture that enables an honest and trustworthy environment, which may enable the employees to point out the wrongdoings they witness while working at the workplace.
Adeyemi Adepoju , Adebola Adeniji
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 34-50; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i3.336

Abstract:
Purpose- The effect of technology acceptance of e-banking services on satisfaction has been well studied in a system. It is characterized as being in a state of orderliness; however, there is the dearth of study in an unnatural environment, among others. Design/Methodology- Data were collected through a structured questionnaire from 304 staff of Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Nigeria, that were selected using a random sampling technique. The study hypotheses were assessed with PLS-SEM methodology. Findings- Findings from the study suggest that the customers’ level of perceived usefulness of e-banking pays more considerable attention to the e-banking channels, implying that the usefulness of the technology is considered crucial among the respondents. The SEM results showed that the relationship was positive and significant with small effects. Practical Implications- Customers of e-banking placed emphasis on perceived usefulness in an environment characterized as unnatural.
Anan Lama, Milan Shrestha
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 23-33; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i3.298

Abstract:
Purpose- Working conditions play an important role in shaping the teachers’ attitude. In this context, this study intends to examine the effect of the working conditions on the teachers’ attitude. Design/Methodology- Philosophically, this study is guided by post-positivist paradigm utilizing the survey design. The data in this study were collected from the teachers of community schools of the Kathmandu district using the questionnaire My Classroom Appraisal Protocol (MCAP). The collected data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics like mean, standard deviation, independent sample t-test and simple linear regression. Then, the derived findings were then interpreted and measured against the past studies and theories. Findings- This study found significant difference in the attitude of the teachers who had satisfactory and unsatisfactory building conditions. Additionally, the study showed a moderate association between working condition and teachers’ attitude. Furthermore, this study concludes that the building condition of school plays a crucial role in shaping the teachers’ attitude. Finally, this study shows that there is a positive relationship between the working conditions and teachers’ attitude. Practical Implications- This study is expected to be beneficial to school leaders and forthcoming researchers for making positive changes in the education system of Nepal.
Stephen Githaiga Ngware , Tobias Olweny, Willy Muturi
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 14-30; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i2.261

Abstract:
Purpose- It is complicated to efficiently manage the bank’s portfolio, simultaneously maximize returns and minimize risks while being subject to managerial and regulatory constraints. In the financial industry, the size of a bank is used to assist in capturing economies as well as diseconomies of scale. Design/Methodology- As in cases of most literature from finance, natural logarithms of banks' total assets were made use of to measure commercial banks’ size. The 43 commercial banking institutions having an official license from CBK by December 2017 were the target population of this study. The study analyzed Time-Series Cross-Sectional unbalanced secondary panel data obtained from all the 43 commercial banking institutions in Kenya for fifteen years ranging from 2003 to 2017. Findings- Study findings revealed a positive effect of bank size on ROE and ROA that was significant. Correlation analysis revealed a positive association of bank size on the financial performance of banks in Kenya, which was significant. Bank size had a significant moderating effect on the relationship of banks portfolio diversification and financial performance of banks in Kenya. Practical Implications- The findings on bank size insinuated that a higher size of entire asset of banks is most probable to accelerate the bank to diversify into feasible opportunities on investment, traverse more enhanced lines of business, increase capacity in market power and, produce increased value that boosts the firm to profit from economies of scale and wider scope and henceforth superior and increased financial performance.
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 58-72; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i2.319

Abstract:
Aim - This study aims to measure the level of entrepreneurship, professionalism, and leadership intention of the Z generation. This effort is to investigate whether the socio-demographic characteristics of the Z generation, such as gender, education level, work experience, family income level, the presence of entrepreneurs in the family, or the immediate vicinity, leading to significant differences on the levels of entrepreneurship, professionalism and leadership intention. Methodology – The simple random sampling method was used to collect data. A total of 563 questionnaires was collected for the study. The participants were mainly the students in high schools and vocational schools of higher education in the Adiyaman-Kahta district. SPSS 22.0 program was used to analyze the data set. Findings - Cronbach's alpha value of the scale of entrepreneurship, professionalism, and leadership intention was measured as 0.89. Moreover, non-parametric analysis methods were used to test the hypotheses of the study because the data did not show normal distribution (p
Muhammad Osaid Rabie , Marlin Abdul Malek
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 73-88; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i2.321

Abstract:
Purpose- Based on the ongoing unethical scandal in the organizations, this study aims to explain the relationship between ethical leaders and their followers’ ethical behavior by explaining the underlying mechanisms. Design/Methodology- Data were collected through a structured questionnaire from the employees working in companies that produce fast-moving consumer goods. Three hundred sixty-nine samples were taken to study the proposed relationships. Findings- Results showed ethical leaders positively influence followers. Perceptual and reflective moral attentiveness positively mediates between ethical leadership and ethical behavior of employees. Moral awareness negatively moderates between ethical leadership and followers’ ethical behavior via reflective moral attentiveness, whereas moral awareness does not moderate the relationship. Practical Implications- Following the call for determinants of ethical behavior, this study provides insights for the managers to foster ethical behavior at the workplace.
Sadia Murtaza, Ahmad Noor-Ud-Din, Amel Aguir, Saadia Batool
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 1-13; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i2.255

Abstract:
Purpose- The main aim of this study is to determine the role of ownership concentration and dividend policy on the firm performance of chemical sector firms of Pakistan. Design/Methodology- This research used the secondary data collected from the annual reports of the companies listed at the Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE). However, inclusion criteria are the 26 listed firms from 2012 to 2017, giving a total of 156 observations. This study used the Generalized Least Squares Model. Findings- The findings reveal that ownership concentration has a significant positive association with firm financial performance. This stated that larger shareholders could attribute to the alignment of managerial incentives with shareholder interests. They also monitor the team very effectively and efficiently. The dividend policy has a significant positive relationship with ROA. Leverage and tangibility have a significant negative relationship with firm performance. Practical Implications- These results potentially can be relevant for policymakers and academic research as well as also helpful for managers and policymakers.
Collins Kapkiyai, Josephat Cheboi, Joyce Komen
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 31-44; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i2.292

Abstract:
Objective: The paper sought to investigate the role of an effective audit committee in controlling earnings management practices. Design / Methodology: A panel data sourced from the audited financial reports of firms listed at the Kenyan Nairobi Securities Exchange for the periods between 2004 and 2017 were analyzed using a panel regression model. Findings: Audit committee effectiveness proved an important monitoring mechanism for earnings management. The independence, Meeting frequency, and financial expertise of the audit committee evidenced a negative and significant effect on earnings management. Practical Implications: Firms need to ensure that their audit committees operate effectively. This is achieved through enhancing their independence, ensuring optimal meeting frequency, and a higher number of members with financial expertise for fewer earnings management. Originality: The paper suggests the ways through which audit committee effectiveness can be enhanced to reduce earnings management amid rampant global financial scandals.
Phong Ba Le, Quang Thang Tran
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 45-57; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i2.308

Abstract:
Purpose - Leadership plays a decisive role in key organizational outcomes. To investigate the effects of leadership and its mechanism on organizational performance, this paper examined how transformational leadership impacts followers’ trust for improving operational and financial performance in the case of Vietnamese firms. Design/Methodology - This study used the Structural Equation Modeling to assess the correlation among the constructs based on using survey data of 285 employees at 60 manufacturing and service companies. Findings - The findings revealed that employees' trust in leadership acts as a mediating mechanism in the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational performance. The transformational leadership style of leaders has greater effects on financial performance, while employee’s trust has larger effects on operational performance. This study calls attention to the importance of raising employee trust to link transformational leadership and organizational performance. Practical and theoretical implications - From a practical point of view, the paper brings more knowledge and insights for CEO/managers on the right pathway to enhance organizational performance. The paper also provides theoretical initiatives on the leadership theory and the new pathway to promote operational and financial performance.
Sadia Arif , Ozair Kundi, Muhammad Suleman Khan
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 47-63; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i1.263

Abstract:
Aim - Past studies support the importance of organizational justice and its impact on employees' work attitudes. There are many factors that affect the employees’ work attitude but their perceptions about organizational justice and support are significant factors. Many studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between Organizational justice and trust but there is a lack of research to measure the mediating role of perceived support. This study examines the role of perceived support as a mediator between organizational justice and trust. Methodology - The sample of the study is 170 faculty members of public and private sector universities of Pakistan. A cross-sectional design with a standardized questionnaire is used. Findings - Results indicate that distributive, procedural and interactional justice is direct antecedents of organizational and supervisory trust with the demonstration perceived organizational support as a partial mediator between procedural justice and organizational trust. Distributive justice is related to organizational trust both directly and indirectly through perceived organizational support and supervisory trust. Finally, interactional justice is a direct and indirect predictor of supervisory trust through perceived supervisor support.
Tayyab Amjad, Shamsul Huda Abdul Rani, Shiza Sa'Atar
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 27-46; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i1.274

Abstract:
Purpose- Entrepreneurial Marketing (EM) research has progressed rapidly over the last decade due to its effectiveness in highly competitive markets and uncertain conditions. However, the theory development in the EM domain is inadequate as yet. Due to this, the higher education institutions are also using outdated curricula to teach EM, as the new theories contribute towards the development of curricula. Thus, to assist in upgrading the EM curricula, we have examined the theory development over the last decade in the domain of EM. Design/Methodology- A systematic and in-depth review and analysis of over a decade’s EM literature has been done. Findings- Five major yet specific gaps are identified, and accordingly, we have proposed future research directions.
Farman Ali , Man Wang, Imran Ali, Syed Tauseef Ali
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 15-26; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i1.278

Abstract:
Purpose: The literature on demutualization is confined to efficiency and social welfare issues. Little empirical literature exists on the effect of demutualization on listed firms. This study examines the impact of demutualization on the liquidity of listed firms’ stocks. Methodology: It empirically investigates how the liquidity of listed firms’ stocks is affected by demutualization. Analyzing data of 137 non-financial firms listed on the Pakistan Stock Exchange for 2005 to 2017, we employ fixed effect regression to test the hypotheses. Findings: We find that demutualization has significantly improved liquidity. We analyze all three dimensions of liquidity that are the trading activity, market impact, and transaction cost. We find that demutualization increases trading activity, improve market depth, and has reduced the transaction cost. Implications: Our findings suggest that demutualization is beneficial not only for listed firms but also for its shareholders as all three dimensions of liquidity are improved by demutualization. Stock exchanges that are not demutualized and are facing liquidity problem, can be improved by changing its structure from mutual to demutualized. Originality: Prior literature focuses on the impact of demutualization on the stock market or social welfare. There is scares research on the effect of demutualization of the listed firm. This study fills this gap by analyzing the impact of demutualization on listed firms' liquidity in a developing economy, such as Pakistan.
Hafiz Rauf Iqbal , Syed Kashif Saeed, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 64-77; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i1.260

Abstract:
Purpose - This study examines the volatility spillovers in the presence of structural breaks with specific reference to South Asian Capital markets. The global financial crisis of 2007-2009 has compelled policymakers to realize that financial instability has the potential to threaten economic stability and growth; therefore, managing the financial crisis is inevitable. To manage the impact of financial crises, understanding the dynamics of volatility spillover across various markets is imperative. This study has investigated the possible emergence of structural breaks in risk patterns after global financial crises in south Asian markets. Methodology - Using the data from July 2002 to June 2016, employing the Exponential GARCH methodology. Findings - This study finds a significant volatility spillover after the financial crisis of 2007-09. Therefore, the existence of a structural break in the risk pattern of south Asian capital markets cannot be fully rejected. Policy Implications - This conclusion is of prime importance to policymakers in devising policy guidelines concerning financial crises.
Tayyab Amjad, Shamsul Huda Abdul Rani, Shiza Sa'Atar
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 3, pp 1-14; doi:10.33215/sjom.v3i1.272

Abstract:
Purpose- Numerous studies have explored entrepreneurial marketing (EM) activities in the firms that are established for a few years, but the research exploring the EM activities and challenges, particularly during the start-up phase, is scant. To cover this wide gap, the current study explores in-depth the EM activities and EM challenges faced during the start-up phase by a graduate entrepreneur who has exposure to both marketing and entrepreneurship education and practical EM experiences. Design/Methodology- In-depth case study approach has been adopted to study an SME owned and managed successfully by a graduate entrepreneur. Findings- After rigorous data analysis, in addition to the currently known seven EM dimensions, this study has discovered a new EM dimension, i.e., ‘legitimation’. Moreover, the key EM challenges in emerging economies are also identified. Practical Implications- The results have guided future entrepreneurs regarding their investment decisions, and to the entrepreneurship education policymakers regarding pedagogical up-gradation.
Judith Ndinda Nguli , Robert Mukoswa Odunga
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 30-48; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i6.233

Abstract:
Purpose- Although previous papers have attempted to explore the determinants of financial inclusion, few studies have interrogated the role of innovativeness in financial addition. This study examines the moderating role of entrepreneur innovativeness on the relationship between strategic orientation and financial inclusion Design/Methodology - We used two indicators to measure financial inclusion; digital financial inclusion scale and traditional financial inclusion scale. Three proxies were used to measure strategic orientation; learning orientation, market orientation, and technology orientation. Survey data obtained from 634 women entrepreneurs was used, and the hypothesis was tested using moderated regression analysis. Findings - The empirical results supported the hypothesis that innovative entrepreneur moderates the relationship between strategic orientation and financial inclusion. In particular, the results indicated that at higher levels of entrepreneur innovativeness, learning orientation has a stronger effect on financial inclusion. Similarly, the results also indicated that at high levels of entrepreneur innovativeness, technology orientation affects financial inclusion. In contrast with the other findings showing a positive moderating effect, at higher levels of entrepreneur innovativeness, the impact of market orientation on financial inclusion is low. Practical Implications - The findings are useful to the government and practitioners for designing policies and training programs geared to increasing the level of financial inclusion among women Small and Medium Enterprises.
Gladys Byegon, Josephat Cheboi, Ronald Bonuke
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 49-64; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i6.227

Abstract:
Purpose: Understanding the mediating role of the adoption of financial innovations on the relationship behavioral factors and utilization of formal financial services was the main aim of this research. The behavioral factors examined were self-control, confidence and social proof. The study is premised on behavioral finance theories. Design/Methodology: The positivist approach and explanatory research designs were adopted to understand the relationships between the variables under investigation. A sample of 486 owners/managers of licensed micro-enterprises in Nairobi, Kenya were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Primary data was collected through a structured questionnaire. Hypotheses were tested using Hayes and Zhao approach for mediation analysis. Findings: The results showed that financial innovations mediated the relationship between each of the behavioral factors and financial inclusion, that is; self- control (β =.0941, ρ= .00), confidence; (β = .1019, ρ = .00) and social proof (β = .1036, ρ = .00). Practical implications: The study has brought into fore the mediating role of financial innovations on the relationship between the three behavioral factors and financial inclusion. Thus, practitioners are encouraged give due attention to behavioral factors and financial innovations in policy formulation and programs geared towards optimal utilization of financial services.
Bismark Yiadom Boakye , Francis Atiso, Elvis Koranteng
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 65-77; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i6.244

Abstract:
Purpose- This research aims to examine the relationship between real earnings management (REM) and sticky Selling General and Administrative (SG&A) costs in the case of a developing economy. Design/Methodology- The study employed a purposive sampling method. Fifteen firms listed on Ghana stock exchange were selected for the study. Data from the period of 2005 to 20014 were collected. Findings- The study finds Ghanaian listed firm's SG&A cost to be sticky and also see these firms to manipulate earnings through REM. This study finds that REM through discretionary expenses and production cost increases sticky SG&A cost, whereas REM through cash flow reduces sticky SG&A cost. Overall, the results imply that REM exhibit sticky cost. Practical Implications- The study informs managers that cost is not only fixed or variable but also behaves asymmetrically. The understanding of this concept could help managers to implement strategies that will lower the cost of doing business. Also, since some managers deliberately make decisions that lead to real earnings management and sticky cost, we, therefore, believe that this research will be of importance to regulatory bodies, policymakers, investors, and other stakeholders.
Joel Tuwey , Vincent Ngeno
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 1-16; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i6.221

Abstract:
Purpose - Following the resource dependence and optimism theory, the study explored whether Chief Executive Officer (CEO) optimism moderates the link between board leadership and firm innovation in the financial sector. Design/Methodology - 130 financial institutions in Kenya were surveyed using cross-sectional and explanatory designs. Hypothesis testing utilized both moderated hierarchical regression models and mod-graphs. Findings - The results revealed that the board member’s openness and independence positively influence firm innovation. The moderated hierarchical regression results and figures in the mod-graphs reveal that CEO optimism enhances the association between the board member’s openness, independence, and firm innovation. Practical Implications - The results suggested that for financial institutions to be innovative, board members should be open to each other in terms of the private ideas as well as being independent about decisions made to spur the growth of the firms. Additionally, such boards should appoint CEOs who are optimistic about being innovative.
Tarus John Kipngetich , Ronald Bonuke, Joel Tenai
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 17-29; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i6.217

Abstract:
Purpose- The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of board education diversity on environmental accounting disclosure among firms listed in the Nairobi Security Exchange. Design/Methodology- The study adopted both explanatory and longitudinal research design. The target population comprised 65 listed firms at Nairobi Securities Exchange from 2008 to 2017. However, inclusion criteria were the 27 listed firms from 2008 to 2017, giving a total of 270 observations. A documentary analysis guide was used to collect secondary data. Findings- The findings showed that board education had a significant and positive impact on environmental accounting disclosure. The findings validate the human capital theory's proposition. Practical Implications- Firms listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange ought to diffuse the education level of the board of directors to increase the level of environmental accounting disclosure. Besides, their boards should be well educated and experienced to enhance disclosure of environmental accounting.
Peninah Jepkogei Tanui , Josephat Cheboi Yegon, Ronald Bonuke
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 29-46; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i5.194

Abstract:
Purpose - This paper aimed to examine the moderating role of capital structure in the relationship between institutional and foreign ownerships on corporate diversification of listed firms at the Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya. Design/Methodology - The target population comprised of all the 65 listed firms at Nairobi Securities Exchange in Kenya. However, the inclusion criteria were based on all firms listed at the NSE from 2003 to 2017. Findings - Capital structure significantly moderated the relationship between institutional ownership and corporate diversification. However, there was a statistically insignificant moderating effect of capital structure in the relationship between foreign ownership and corporate diversification. Practical Implications - As to increase diversification, listed firms are suggested to have low levels of capital structure and institutional ownership. Furthermore, low levels of foreign ownership and high capital structure is vital in attaining high diversification levels. Originality - The study contribution is the moderating effect of capital structure in institutional ownership - corporate diversification linkage.
Ramaisa Aqdas , Nik Ab Halim Nik Abdullah
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 62-71; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i5.216

Abstract:
Purpose - Knowledge absorptive capacity plays a significant role in export performance. It is a dynamic capability that firms apply to gain competitiveness in today’s knowledge-based economies. The aim of the present research is to identify relationship among dimensions of KAC and export performance. Design/Methodology - Nature of study was descriptive and quantitative. Data was collected through questionnaires from 291 large scale textile firms of Pakistan. Smart PLS was used in analyzing data by incorporating CFA and SEM techniques to test the hypotheses. Findings - The results reveal that knowledge acquisition, transformation, and exploitation have significant positive relationship with export performance.
Gabriel Simiyu , Joyce Komen, Ronald Bonuke
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 1-19; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i5.186

Abstract:
Purpose- This paper aimed to determine the conditional effect of University reputation on the indirect process of external prestige on the relationship between social media and students’ attitude towards postgraduate enrollment. Design/Methodology- The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design, multistage random sampling in collecting data using a self-administered questionnaire. The sample size was 504 students from four universities in Kenya. Findings- Outcome indicates a partial indirect effect of social media and students’ attitude via external prestige. It further reveals a conditional effect of university reputation on the link between; social media and external prestige, and, external prestige and students' attitude. Finally, a test of the conditional indirect process is also confirmed. Practical Implications- Results of the study might help university managers and policymakers in developing effective strategies, policies, and techniques to attract potential students through social media platforms and also develop and strengthen university prestige and reputation through proper management of resources, social responsibility, and employment of qualified academic staff. Originality/value- The study findings bring new understanding concerning the indirect effect, the conditional process and highlight new insights on identifying mechanisms that exert a conditional effect on the indirect paths of the study variables.
Isah Umar Kibiya, Bilyaminu Shittu Aminu, Khadija Salihu Abubakar
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 20-28; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i5.151

Abstract:
Purpose - The study aims to examine the moderating effect of institution on the relationship between intellectual capital on the financial performance of conglomerates in Nigeria Design/Methodology - correlational research design which is based on historical data extracted from annual report and accounts of the sample firm on NSE. Firms were chosen based on censor sampling method. Eleven years of financial data were used. Multiple regression analysis was employed to analyze the data extracted. Findings - The results from pooled ordinary least square regression (OLS) and Fixed effect revealed that intellectual capital indexed by a value-added intellectual coefficient (VAIC) has a positive and significant impact on financial performance indexed by return on asset (ROA) of listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria. Furthermore, the interaction effect of institutional ownership was found to be positive and significant Practical Implications - The study recommends that institutional shareholders should invest more in shares of listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria and that management should recognize the effort and understand the importance of intellectual capital toward improving firm performance.
Mominul Islam, Imrul Hossain Chowdhury, Sabrina Islam
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 47-61; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i5.181

Abstract:
Purpose- The purpose of this study is to analyze whether an increase in the concentration of industry causes an increase in the level of the Department of Justice Antitrust Division (DoJ)’s antitrust enforcement within that industry. Design/Methodology- The study employed secondary data and quantitative research method was also utilized to achieve the objectives of the study. Multiple regression analysis techniques were used to analyze the data. Findings- The results support the hypothesis that an increase in the concentration of industry causes an increase in the level of Department of Justice Antitrust Division (DoJ)’s antitrust enforcement within that industry. It appears that industry-level revenue from exports is highly correlated with the size of that industry and its lobbying activity. Practical Implications- These results have practical relevance which helps to predict the intensity of antitrust activity in future years. Its practical implication is that there are disparities in antitrust enforcement that are influenced by factors other than concentration. By creating a benchmark that takes into account components such as this, the Department of Justice Antitrust Division (DoJ) can identify those companies who are likely to be engaging in anticompetitive behavior.
Ismaila Abubakar, Haruna Isa Mohammad
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 65-78; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i4.166

Abstract:
Purpose-This study examines the relationships between product line strategies and competitive advantage in Nigerian foods and beverages industry. Design/Methodology-Data were obtained from a sample of 278 employees choosing from 8 companies in the foods and beverages industry located in north-eastern Nigeria using a self-administered questionnaire. Pearson's correlation and Multiple regression were conducted in the data analysis. Findings-Findings of the research revealed that all four hypotheses were supported signifying that product line strategies have significant effects on the competitive advantage of foods and beverages companies in Nigeria. Practical Implications-The study combined the dimensions of product line strategies to determine optimal product line in the food and beverages industry. It provides the decision makers of food and beverages firms in Nigeria with a guide for determining the blend of product line strategies to adopt in order to gain competitive advantage. It also served as a guide to potential investors in the food and beverages industry to make an informed decision that can strategically improve the efficiency and effectiveness through its advocacy on reforming product line strategies.
Muhammad Nawaz, Alias Mat Nor, Habibah Tolos
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 79-87; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i4.173

Abstract:
Purpose-The Objective of this study is to investigate the moderating role of Intellectual Capital between the relationship of Bank internal factor and Credit Risk in Islamic banks of Pakistan. Design/Methodology-Panel data are obtained from annual reports of 4 Islamic banks of Pakistan from the period 2006 to 2017. These are analyzed using hierarchical regression techniques, via Eviews 9 software. Findings-The results showed that intellectual capital significantly moderates the relationship of bank internal variable and credit risk in Islamic banks in Pakistan. Practical Implications-The study found that Intellectual Capital is a very important driver for credit risk. The investment in Intellectual Capital may lower the credit risk which will further help in the growth and sustainability of the bank and hence the growth in the economy. The results of the study will be useful for bank management, policy maker, and regulator and academia for future research.
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 14-34; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i4.160

Abstract:
Purpose- Enhancing job satisfaction through motivation and Work-Life Balance (WLB) and checking the overall impact on Emotional Intelligence of mystery shopping professionals is the aim of this research. The work depends on factors such as sudden demand, high workload, on-time submission of assignments, a new area for exploration and fluctuation in pay scale. Design- The data were collected from mystery shopping professionals through social media platform using a questionnaire link (N=338). The sampling technique employed in this study was a convenient sampling technique. CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis) using AMOS software was performed. The questionnaire instrument SSREI, GJSS, WEIMS and (Tasdelen’s WLB) were adopted for this study. Findings- The study revealed that motivation has a positive impact on Work-life balance and intern enhances the job satisfaction of mystery shoppers. However, the overall impact on EI is negative. The Goodness of Fit Index such as (AGFI, NFI, TLI, CFI, RMSEA, RMR, and AVE) indicates a good fit of the Structural Equation Model. Originality/Value: The study reflected on the four essential concepts, which has evolved in the domain of HRM and OB for many years. In the context of mystery-shopping professional, it has been used and the recommendations will help the market research agencies and the mystery shoppers. Exploring Work-Life Balance (WLB) as a mediating variable between motivation and Job satisfaction and the overall impact on EI of mystery shopping professionals is a new insight.
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 1-13; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i4.156

Abstract:
Purpose- Effective leadership practices in schools are only possible while headmaster and teachers adopt suitable leadership styles. The main purpose of this study is to identify the leadership styles as well as determine the association of democratic, autocratic and laissez-faire leadership style with each other among school teachers. Design/Methodology- This study is based on post-positivist research philosophy and cross-sectional survey as the research design which is confirmatory and explanatory in nature. It gathered the data via self-administer questionnaire from 345 school teachers and analyzed through descriptive statistics and parametric test. Findings- The researcher derived that school teachers adopted a more democratic leadership style and gave least prefer to the laissez-faire leadership style in schools. Meanwhile, the lacking of equal facility and access to power exercise contributes to making significant differences in leadership styles across the job nature of school teachers. Furthermore, this study assess that there is no relationship between autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire leadership styles. These distinct styles of leadership may develop the differences in work performances of school teachers. Practical Implications- This research provides the framework for another future researcher to investigate the input of job nature on leadership style among school teachers.
Sadia Murtaza, Irsa Azam
SEISENSE Journal of Management, Volume 2, pp 51-64; doi:10.33215/sjom.v2i4.162

Abstract:
Objective – The main objective of this study is to measure the relationship between ownership structure and capital structure by using the chemical sector of Pakistan. Design – This study is used the panel data and retrieved from the annual reports of the chemical sector of Pakistan for the time period of 2012 to 2017. Findings – The finding the statistical analysis shows that ownership structure has a significant positive relationship on capital structure. Which mitigate the agency conflicts among managers and shareholders, because the majority of the shareholders would like to have a higher level of debt over equity financing. Policy Implications – The findings of this study also can be helpful to the policymakers, investors and financial institution in designing ownership structures and financing decisions for firms. Originality – This is the first study that examined the relationship between ownership structure and capital structure in the context of the chemical sector of Pakistan.
Page of 2
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top