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Kausar Kausar, Zaleha Zaleha, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 47-57; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.449

Abstract:
The conflict in the plantation sector involving the community and the company in the Senama Nenek Village occurred because of a dispute of an area of ??± 2,800 hectares which had been acknowledged by both parties, the people of Grandma Senama Village and PTPN V Sei Kencana. This difference in opinion caused the public to make complaints to local governments. This study aims to overcome plantation conflicts and describe plantation conflicts that occur between the people of Senama Nenek Village and PTPN V Sei Kencana. The key informants of this study found 16 people consisting of 12 key informants from the community and 4 key informants from stakeholders. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis with triangulation. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the parties involved in mapping the plantation conflict consisted of the Senama Nenek Village government, the Tapung Hulu District Government, the Kampar Regency and Riau Province Plantation Service, the Kampar Regency, and Riau Province Land Agency, the Kampar Regency Government, the Kampar Regency DPRD. , the Regent of Kampar, the Regional Government of Riau Province, the Governor of Riau, the Ministry of SOEs, and the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The plantation conflict that occurred among the community, company, and local government is related to the use of custom land covering an area of ??2,800 ha. Both parties continue to carry out activities even though they recognize each other's land ownership. Lately, the warring parties have returned to normal because the disputes between the parties can be resolved thanks to the leadership of the Ninik Mamak figures and the group board from the company.
Titin Amelia, Eliza Eliza, Susy Edwina
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 89-98; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.296

Abstract:
The Rice plant is one of the leading commodities in agriculture, considering that rice is one of the staple foods of Indonesian society. In addition, rice is the main source of income in the highlands. This study aims to analyze the net income of farmers and the efficiency of lowland rice farming. This research is conducted in Kamang Mudiak village, Kamang Magek Sub-district, Agam Regency, West Sumatra. The research is conducted using a survey method with census sampling of 30 organic rice farmers. The results showed that there were several differences in rice cultivation which was carried out organically and inorganically which had been carried out by farmers. The difference between organic and inorganic cultivation is in the type of fertilizer used. However, the water used in the cultivation of rice plants is the same, because, in the research area, rainwater is used to irrigate crops and can also be called rainfed rice fields. The research area does not use pesticides to eradicate pests or diseases, be it organic rice cultivation or inorganic rice cultivation. However, if you use pesticides, of course, there are also differences. The results show that there are several differences in the cultivation of rice which is carried out organically and inorganically by farmers. The difference between organic and inorganic cultivation is the type of fertilizer used. Organic cultivation uses fertilizers that contain easily broken down ingredients such as compost, goat urine, and vegetable ingredients. In addition, there is an increase in the production of unhulled rice from the production of organic cultivation, which reaches a production of 7,163.80 Kg / MT / Ha. The increase in production causes a total net income from organic unhulled production of Rp. 18,495,832.36 / MT / Ha. The RCR value of this farm is 1.94, which means that the farming carried out by the farmer is profitable and it can be considered efficient because the RCR value obtained is more than one (RCR>1).
Yulistriani Yulistriani, Hasnah Hasnah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 108-116; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.491

Abstract:
Pembangunan berkelanjutan menjadi isu penting di setiap sektor termasuk sektor perkebunan. Keberlanjutan kebun plasma sering mengalami permasalahan setelah lepas dari perkebunan besar pengelolanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat bagaimana modal sosial berperan dalam keberlanjutan pengelolaan perkebunan kelapa sawit rakyat pasca plasma. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey melalui wawancara mendalam dengan Ketua KUD Lubuk Karya dan 10 orang anggotanya koperasi yang dipilih secara purposive sampling. Hasil wawancara ditabulasi dan diinterprestasikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa modal sosial berperan penting dalam keberlanjutan perkebunan pasca lepas dari plasma. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa modal sosial yang paling beperan dalam keberlanjutan perkebunan paca plasma adalah modal rasional terutama pada aspek saling percaya diantara anggota. Komunikasi, tranparansi dan aliran informasi antar aktor melahirkan hubungan positif jangka Panjang. Walaupun manajemen kebun sudah berganti dengan petani pengelola yaitu petani KUD tidak mempengaruhi keberlanjutan, karena transfer ilmu dan informasi masih tetap dilakukan melalui pemeliharaan hubungan sosial atau modal sosial.
Rika Hariance, Melinda Noer, Endrizal Ridwan, Hasnah Hasnah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 69-76; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.518

Abstract:
Pada masa lalu keterikatan petani dengan koperasi di Indonesia sangat kuat, namun sejak perubahan peraturan pada masa reformasi membuat ikatannya melemah, petani enggan tergabung dalam koperasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mendorong petani kebun teh rakyat di Kabupaten Solok bergabung dalam koperasi KPTO Sebelas Jurai Saiyo disaat keyakinan petani terhadap koperasi mengalami kemunduran. Koperasi ini dipilih karena dalam 10 tahun telah berhasil menghasilkan teh berkualitas premium yang diekspor sebanyak 156 ton, selain itu koperasi ini juga berhasil meraih sertifikat fairtrade. Survey dilakukan kepada 30 orang anggota koperasi, kemudian data dianalisis menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor pendorong petani untuk tergabung dalam koperasi adalah karena adanya jaminan harga, pemasaran yang jelas dan adanya bantuan sarana produksi. Maka dengan demikian, dapat diketahui bahwa untuk meningkatkan kepercayaan petani pada koperasi, koperasi harus mampu menyediakan akses terhadap sarana dan prasarana produksi, memberikan jaminan pasar dan harga yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan yang bukan anggota koperasi.
M. Bayu Fathar Hayatullah, Roza Yulida, Cepriadi Cepriadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 77-86; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.424

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) Mengetahui karakteristik dari petani sagu di Desa Tanjung. (2) Mengetahui peran kearifan lokal dan bentuk kearifan lokal yang masih ada di Desa Tanjung dalam menangani kebakaran lahan gambut. (3) Mengetahui upaya-upaya yang dilakukan untuk mempertahankan kearifan lokal dalam menjaga kelestarian lahan gambut. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey dengan bantuan kuisioner yang telah disiapkan. Populasi pada penelitian ini berjumlah 120 orang petani dengan sampel berjumlah 30 orang petani. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah teknik Purposive Sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karakteristik petani sagu dan peran kearifan lokal di Desa Tanjung berjalan dengan baik. Kearifan lokal yang terdapat didalamnya mulai dari proses budidaya tanaman sagu hingga penanganan kebakaran lahan gambut, serta berbagai upaya yang dilakukan guna mempertahankan kearifan lokal mulai dari apek ekologis, sosial budaya dan ekonomi.
Rapindo Sibarani, Cepriadi Cepriadi, Kausar Kausar
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 87-95; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.471

Abstract:
Petani bisa mengoptimalkan hasil pertaniannya dan meningkatkan usahataninya diperlukan peran penyuluh untuk menyampaikan edukasi serta bimbingan pada petani supaya petani bisa menggarap lahan dan menghasilkan hasil pertanian yang optimal sehingga petani bisa sukses dalam usaha taninya. Untuk meningkatkan usaha taninya petani membutuhkan peran penyuluh pertanian. Penyuluh pertanian adalah agen perubahan yg langsung berhubungan dengan petani. Fungsi utama penyuluh mengubah sikap petani melalui pendidikan non formal sehinga petani mempunyai kehidupan yg lebih baik secara berkelanjut, penyuluh melakukan perubahan sikap petani, sehingga mereka dapat memperbaiki cara bercocok tanamnya, lebih beruntung usaha taninya serta lebih layak hidupnya dan menjadi petani yang berdaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh peran penyuluh terhadap keberdayaan petani. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Belading Kecamatan Sabak Auh Kabupaten Siak. Responden dalam penelitian ini adalah petani padi sawah yang bergabung dengan kelompok tani sebanyak 50 sampel. Untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwah peran penyuluh berpengaruh nyata terhadap keberdayaan petani padi sawah di Desa Belading baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial.
Sischa Febriani Yamesa Away, Darnetti Darnetti, Roni Afrizal
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 96-107; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.496

Abstract:
PT Citra Nusantara Mandiri (PT. CNM) Solok menjadi satu-satunya produsen benih jagung hibrida di Sumatera Barat. Perusahaan ini juga bekerjasama dengan PT. Pertani (Persero) sebagai pemasar produk dan pemulia sebagai penyedia calon benih jagung hibrida. Tujuan penelitian ini 1) Menganalisis tahapan pascapanen 2) Menganalisis pemanfaatan penanganan pascapanen pada kegiatan sortasi benih jagung hibrida, dan 3) Menghitung dan membandingkan rasio hasil pada kegiatan sortasi benih jagung hibrida. Kegiatan penelitian ini dilakukan di PT CNM Solok, dilakukan selama dua bulan terhitung sejak tanggal 20 Februari hingga 19 April 2021. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer dan sekunder. Analisis data terkait dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan maka ditemukan bahwa: 1) Pascapanen jagung hibrida di PT Citra Nusantara Mandiri kota Solok sudah sesuai dengan standar operasional perusahaan. Hal ini dapat dibuktikan dengan kelengkapan tahapan pascapanen yang dilakukan dalam penanganan jagung hibrida di perusahaan; 2) Pemilahan limbah yang digunakan oleh perusahaan untuk dijual sebagai pakan ternak dengan metode tender; 3) dan rendemen benih jagung hibrida di PT CNM Solok mencapai 85%, dimana hasil pada beberapa kegiatan meliputi ekstrak 40%, dan ayakan 98%.
Latifa Hanum, Regia Indah Kemala Sari, Siska Fitrianti, Riva Hendriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 99-107; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.420

Abstract:
Lareh Sago Halaban sub-district is one of the largest Aren producers in Lima Puluh Kota Regency; however, it is famous as Nagari Tuak which sells Aren to produce palm wine. Palm sugar processing is generally carried out into molded sugar, while granulated palm sugar is still limited. This study aimed to analyze the added value of palm sugar products in Lareh Sago Halaban sub-district by comparing the added value of molded sugar with granulated palm sugar products. The research area was determined purposively, 30 molded palm sugar processors and five granulated palm sugar processors as respondents. The study was conducted in November-December 2020. The data were processed using the Hayami method. The added value of molded palm sugar is IDR 960 (the add-value ratio is 26%), and the added value of granulated palm sugar is IDR 2.452 (the add-value ratio is 46%). The added value of granulated palm sugar is in the high category (> 40%) andmolded sugar is in the medium category (15-40%). The highest percentage of owner compensation factor of production for molded palm sugar is received by workers (44%), meanwhile, for granulated palm sugar is obtained by owners of capital (processors if owned by themselves) is 41%.
M. Yusuf, Sakti Hutabarat, Syaiful Hadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 121-133; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.247

Abstract:
ISPO certification for oil palm smallholders is based on four principles: plantation legality, smallholder organization and management, environmental management, and a commitment to continuous improvement. The goal of this study is to examine how ISPO standards are used in oil palm smallholder cooperatives and to develop an ISPO application strategy for relevant stakeholders. The research was carried out at the Beringin Jaya Cooperative in the Siak District. A survey method was used to collect primary data from direct interviews with planters and secondary data from government agencies. The total number of people who took part in this study was 66, and the respondents were chosen at random sampling. This study employs descriptive qualitative analysis as well as strategic SWOT matrices for strategic analysis. According to the findings, the cooperative follows 54.17 % of ISPO standards or 26 out of 48 indicators. This research suggests some development strategies to meet ISPO standards, such as providing assistance and direction to smallholders through government agencies to avoid negative consequences during the certification process, technical assistance, agricultural counseling and training, government and financial institution funding, and the use of cooperatives, farmer groups, and mills to disseminate ISPO standards to farmers.
Sylvi Meidika Zainal, Suardi Tarumun, Ermi Tety
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 134-145; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.289

Abstract:
Pineapple is one of the leading commodities of the Indonesian horticultural sub-sector which has been known around the world and has the potential to be used as a mainstay export commodity in international trade. This research aims to analyze the competitiveness and factors that affect Indonesian pineapple exports in the international market. The analytical methods used are quantitative methods, namely estimation of competitiveness and factors that affect Indonesia's pineapple exports in several destination countries using Export Product Dynamic (EPD), multiple linear regression analysis, and classic assumption deviation tests. Indonesia's pineapple export destinations are Bahrain, Japan, Kuwait, Qatar, Singapore, and United Arab Emirates. Based on the estimated export product dynamic index (EPD) shows that the Indonesian pineapple export destination market position has strong competitiveness and occupies a "Rising Star" position so that it can continue to maintain its marketing, then occupy the position of "Retreat" then not potentially export due to the decrease in export share and declining export demand compared to competitive countries, namely Thailand and the Philippines. Then, based on the estimated multiple linear regression it is shown that Indonesian pineapple price to US$ has a significant effect on Indonesian pineapple export volume, while Indonesian pineapple productivity and Indonesian pineapple export value have no significant effect on Indonesian pineapple export volume.
Vonny Faradila G, Ernoiz Antriyandarti, Isti Khomah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 21-36; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.376

Abstract:
This analysis of the supply of onion in Brebes Regency is done using the methods of descriptive and analytic, and secondary data time series for 21 years (1998-2018). This study also utilizes the analysis of multiple linear by entering the model analysis of the distributed lag model with adjustment Nerlove (Partial Adjustment Model). The supply function is estimated with the approach of total production. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis obtained the factors that affect positively to the offer of onion in Brebes Regency is a vast harvest of onion in year t, the number of onion production in year t-1, the price of onions in year t-1, the price of garlic in year t-1, the average rainfall in year t, and interest rate in year t. The factor that negatively affects the offer is the price of urea fertilizer in year t. The most influential factor to the offer of onion in Brebes Regency is a vast harvest of onion in year t with the standardized regression coefficient of 0,889. The elasticity of supply for the area variable harvesting onions in year t is positive and is elastic with E>1, namely 1,328 for the short-term and 1,832 for the long term. Elasticity is inelastic with E value<1 is a variable amount of production in the previous year i.e. 0,275 short-term and 0,379 long-term prices of garlic in the previous year with a value of 0,105 short-term and of 0.145 long-term, the price of onions in the previous year with a value of -0,143 short-term and -0,197 the long term, the interest rate in year t, namely 0,136 and 0,188, and the average rainfall in year t with the value of -0,218 short-term and -0,301 the long term.
Samprida Rajagukguk, Jum’Atri Yusri, Didi Muwardi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 108-120; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.290

Abstract:
Kualu Nenas Village is a center of pineapple production in Tambang District, Kampar Regency. Pineapple production and productivity for the last seven years in Tambang District were fluctuating and decreasing every year. Pineapple farming is the main source of income in the village and has not been managed properly by using its production factors. This study aims to describe the performance of pineapple cultivation by farmers and to analyze the effect of the number of production factors on pineapple productivity. This research was conducted in Kuala Nenas Village. The method of analysis using descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analysis. The data used is time-series data in the form of cross-section data from pineapple production data in Kualu Nenas Village for a period of four months, starting from November 2019 to February 2020 from direct interviews with 35 farmers using the purposive sampling method. The results of the study conclude that the management of pineapple cultivation at of loosening the soil, weeding, controlling pests and diseases, fertilizing, giving ethrel, thinning tillers, and harvesting activities. The results of the analysis show that the variation in the total productivity of each farmer is 86,20% due to differences in the use of production factors per hectare. Of the seven production factors that are thought to affect the productivity of the pineapple, only three production factors have a statistically significant effect, namely the use of pineapple staple population with a production elasticity of 0,398%, the labor usage with a production elasticity of 0,325% and the use of amount ethrel with a production elasticity of 0,103%. While, four factors production which did not significantly influence the productivity of pineapples namely the amount of KCL fertilizer, urea fertilizer, ash fertilizer, and ZA fertilizer because the elasticity of production is less than 1 percent. The Return to Scale (RTS) condition of the business is in the Decreasing Return to Scale (DRS) condition with a value of 0,885.
Syahilla Amami, Roza Yulida, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 58-68; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.419

Abstract:
Peatland fire is a condition where peatland is hit by fire, causing damage that causes economic and environmental losses. One of the efforts to prevent peatland fires is through social capital. The purpose of this study was to find out the programs carried out by the government with the Fire Care Community (MPA) in peatland management and to analyze the social capital of the community in efforts to prevent peatland fires. This research was conducted in Kundur Village, Tebing Tinggi Barat District, Meranti Islands Regency. The number of respondents in this study was 60 people obtained using the purposive sampling method. The data that has been obtained is then analyzed using qualitative methods with descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis with average analysis. The results of the study show that the programs carried out by the government and the community are establishing a Fire Care Community (MPA), processing peat water to obtain clean drinking water through the Pamsimas program, the government also socializing fire prevention which is one of the efforts to prevent land fires. peat in Kundur Village, and the Sago-Based Pilot Project program. The analysis of social capital shows that MPA members are still not optimal in implementing ancestral values ??in Kundur Village, for example, it can be seen that in terms of interests there are still some MPA members who prioritize personal interests, compared to common interests in efforts to overcome land fires in the village. Kundur, for example, when the meeting schedule was held, some MPA members were not present and preferred to work taking care of their agricultural land. Furthermore, there are still MPA members who feel they have been treated unfairly in giving their opinions, and finally the lack of proactive action by MPA members in carrying out programs related to efforts to overcome land fires in Kundur Village.
Alifinda Candy Wicaksono, Vi’In Ayu Pertiwi, Setiyo Yuli Handono
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.456

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic had made the tourism sector managed by BUMDes Raharjo experience a decrease in the number of tourists. In 2020 also BUMDes Raharjo suffered losses in the form of debts to strawberry farmers so that employees were temporarily not given any salaries. The number of youth working in BUMDes decreased from 15 people in 2019 to 8 people in 2020. In 2021, only 5 young men remained in BUMDes Raharjo. This is due to the lack of youth trust in BUMDes. In addition, youth satisfaction also affects the confidence of youth. Satisfaction is related to the spirit and loyalty that youth give to BUMDes. This study aims to analyze the effect of satisfaction on the confidence of pandan village youth to BUMDes Raharjo. The research was conducted at BUMDes Raharjo located in Pandan Hamlet, Pandanrejo Village, Bumiaji Subdistrict, Batu City in May-June 2021. Research conducted using a quantitative approach. The population studied in this study was the youth of Pandan Hamlet aged 16 to 30 years. The sampling method used is accidental sampling.  The data analysis methods used in this study are simple linear regression and partial test (T-test) through SPSS applications. The dependent variable is youth trust. The independent variable is youth satisfaction. The results showed satisfaction had a positive and significant effect on confidence in the T-test.
Josephine Jessica, Rosnita Rosnita, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 8-20; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.361

Abstract:
In carrying out their farming activities, farmers are strongly influenced by their own characteristics and the information they receive. Information relating to the improvement of oil palm farming is obtained by farmers by communicating with actors who act as sources of information. Subaryadi is the central actor who is often contacted by other farmers to get information related to oil palm farming in Surya Indah Village. This study aims to identify farmers characteristics and analyze the role of opinion leader. This study used a survey method and the sampling used a random sampling technique with a total sample of 33 oil palm farmers. The farmer characteristics were analyzed descriptively, while the role of the SB actor as an opinion leader used a likert scale.The results showed that the characteristics of farmers with the largest percentage were in productive age (54-60 years old on average) with an equivalent high school education level, 4 ha of land area, and high cosmopolitan. Farmers actively participate in extension activities with high accuracy of information channels and complete sources of information. Actor SB carry out his role as opinion leader when implementing thereplantingprogram with a value of 3.33.
Suci Lestari
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 80-88; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.248

Abstract:
Video is one of the media that can be used in agricultural extension activities. However, often in practice, the video used is not in accordance with the tastes of farmers and has an impact on the effectiveness of the extension itself. This research was conducted with the aim of identifying the level of farmers' preference for 10 types of videos of rice cultivation extension and analyzing the attributes that affect the attractiveness of rice cultivation video counseling in Bunga Raya Village, Bunga Raya District, Siak Regency. The location selection was done purposively with the consideration that Bunga Raya Village, Bunga Raya District, Siak Regency had an active farmer group and had utilized video media in the extension activities. The sample in this study consisted of 100 farmer panelists to assess the level of preference for the video and 12 expert panelists in attribute assessment. The hedonic test analysis was used to identify the level of farmers' preference for the 10 types of video extension of rice mina cultivation and descriptive test to analyze the attributes that affect the attractiveness of rice video extension education. The results of cluster analysis (AHC) from the hedonic test and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) analysis of the descriptive test are then analyzed using preference mapping techniques. The best video of this study is video number 1 with a respondents' favorite level of 89% and produces a video attribute rating of the most influential namely educational material, understanding material, appropriate material, material to make it easier, story, duration, tested material, gradual material, audio, color, visual, transition, zoom, movie, layout design, back sound, typography, narration, sound effects, video effects, animation, and dialogue.So that preference mapping is very helpful in developing new products by providing a more distinctive visual assessment of hedonic and descriptive data
Sasri Suryadi, Ahmad Rifai, Didi Muwardi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.265

Abstract:
Financial institutions have different goals and motivations; as such Cooperatives and Village-Owned Enterprises, resulting in differences in determining loan procedures, loan terms, transaction cost components, transaction costs. This condition inevitably influences customer perceptions of credit loans. This research was conducted in Sei Lambu Makmur Village, Tapung District, Kampar Regency. Borrower's perceptions analysis is measured using an ordinal scale, which is guided by the Likert's Summated Rating Scale (LSRS). The results of the study explained that there were differences in the transaction cost components of financial institutions in Desa Sei Lambu Makmur, the BUMDes Makmur Bersama Savings and Loans business unit was more efficient in determining loan transaction costs, perceptions of borrowers in the BUMDes Makmur Bersama Savings and Loans business unit and the borrowers of Mekar Jaya Palm Oil Cooperatives including into the good category.  
Cahyaningsih Cahyaningsih, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 71-79; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.375

Abstract:
Organic farming is not the only potential solutions to overcome the problems of conventional farming systems by offering positive impacts on health and environment but also to fulfill the growing demand for healthier food. However, the growing demand for organic food was not responded simultaneously by an increase in the supply of organic food. This means that there is opportunity to increase participation of farmers to adopt organic rice farming systems. This study aims to analyze the adoption rate and factors affecting farmer adoption of organic rice farming system. This study used primary data of 32 organic and conventional farmers in Pringkasap Village Subang Regency. The respondents were chosen using census method for organic farmers and purposive sampling for conventional farmers.The data was analyzed used descriptive statistics and logistic regression. The results showed that the number of farmers adopted organic rice only 6.25% amongst the 265 rice farmers in Pringkasap Village. The results also showed that education, farmed land, farmer’s perception of the relative advantage of organic farming and number of family members are factors that significantly affect the adoption of organic rice farming in Pringkasap Village.
Elva Rahmi Fitri, Zednita Azriani, Syahyana Raesi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 53-61; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.218

Abstract:
The aims of this research were to describe the processing of sweet corn, to analyze the value-added and distribution of value-added becomes peas,corn on the cob, donuts, grits, and bakwan on the business F1 Aina Batu Hampa. This study was conducted from March to April 2016. The study employed a case study method. The study used Hayami method in analyzing the value added. The results of this study showed that the value added generated by Aina F1 was high. It can be seen through the ratio of value added that is greater than 40 percent and varied among products where; 71.76% for corn peas, 58.65% for corn on the cob, 71.71% for donuts, 74.40% for the grits, and 63,49% for bakwan. The product of Sweet corn that generate the highest value added is grits. The ratio of value added can be seen through the margin value distributed in production factors. The highest of portion of value-added received by the company and the smallest portion value-added received by the labor. The largest distribution margin is for the profit of the company. The company's biggest profits come from corn on the cob, followed by grits, peas, donuts, and bakwan. The largest distribution of other input contributions is bakwan, followed by donuts, peas, grits, and corn of the cob. The distribution of margins received by workers is the smallest part compared to the margins for other input contributions and company profits. The largest distribution is for bakwan , followed by donuts, peas, grits, and corn of the cob.
Chika Afri Mulya, Cepriadi Cepriadi, Ermi Tety
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 43-52; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.190

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the income of broiler chicken breeders in contract and semi-contract systems in Kampar Regency and analyze the comparison of broiler chicken breeder income between broiler systems and semi-contract systems in Kampar Regency. Broiler chicken business with a pattern of partnership has spread in entire of Indonesia, one of them is in Riau Province. The largest population of broiler chickens in Riau Province is in Kampar Regency. Commonly, there are two the broiler chicken farms partnership patterns in Kampar District,namely the contract system and and semi- contract system between the broiler farmer and poultry companies or poultry shop. The contract system is a binding agreements between the parties relating to the both of the input production’s price and the arvesting’s price, while the semi-contract are not bound in term of both of the input production’s price and the arvesting’s price. The objective of the study is analyzed comparison of broiler chicken farm income between contracts system and semi-contract system. The study conducted in Kampar Districtby using survey method for 40 broiler chicken farmer. The results of study shows that the average net income of the broiler farmer on the contract system is lower than the semi contrct system, which is IDR 13.910.273,61for compared to IDR 21.387.673,94. The semi contract broiler chicken farm business is more efficient (RCR=1.12) compared to the contract system (RCR=1.08).
Nina Kirana, Roza Yulida, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 16-29; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.166

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the internal characteristics and external characteristics of the palm oil independent smallholder farmer and communication process (elements of communication) in Bagan Sinembah district, Rokan Hilir Regency. Bagan Sinembah district is a district in Rokan Hilir Regency, where the population of palm oil is cultivated. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the characteristics of internal and external palm oil independent smallholder farmer as well as the process of communication using the survey method, selection of samples with purposive sampling methods and analysis tools Likert scale and Descriptive analysis. The results showed that the internal characteristics and external characteristics of oil palm farmers in Bagan Sinembah District, Rokan Hilir Regency are in high category (good). While the communication process in this research is seen from the elements of communication consist of extension, group chairman and management of KUD as communicator; The message is about oil palm cultivation techniques, market prices and so on which are summarized in the agribusiness system; Media used for face-to-face meetings (lectures and discussions); Farmers as communfishes; The effect of increasing knowledge, belief and behavioral change; The feedback gained is that the farmer understands with the information provided and applies the information in his venture; Physical environment namely the village hall, APKASINDO office and oil palm plantation land owned by the farmer.
Linnia Sundary Lubis, Susy Edwina, Evy Maharani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 30-42; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.203

Abstract:
The implementation of the corn and cattle integration system by farmer groups in Tenayan Raya District involves several integrations such as the division of tasks that is not running optimally, the cattle transportation system that is not implemented in a colony using development activities for the transportation of fuel that can be done properly.The research aims to determine the member's perception of the role and objectives of the farmer group in the application of corn and cow integration system in Tenayan Raya district Pekanbarucity and analyzing the relationship between the role and purpose of the farmer group in the application of corn and cow integration system Tenayan Raya district Pekanbaru city. This research was conducted in Tenayan Raya district Pekanbaru city. The method use in this research is a survey method with a census sampling technique. Data analysis using quantitative descriptive and a scale to measure a person’s perception, and the spearman rank correlation test to measure the relationship between research variables. The results showed that members ' perception of the role of farmer groups in the application of corn and cow integration systems included the category of "good enough". Meanwhile, the members ' perception of Farmer's goals includes "very less good" category. The relationship between farmer role variables as production units with the goal of better business farmer groups is a strong direct correlation, while the correlation that occurs between farmer group role variables as learning class and rides Cooperation with the purpose of better farming and better living farming group has a weak correlation.
Ilham Kurniawan, Eri Sayamar, Roza Yulida
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.189

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of individual rubber farmer self-help pattern in Lubuk Terentang Village and analyze the relationship between individual characteristics of farmers with communication networks in spreading farming information. Gunung Toar is a district famous for its rubber plantations which can be seen from the consistency of its farmers in producing and marketing their products through rubber auctions. most related to the communication network of farmers formed in the progress of rubber farming in the Lubuk Terentang Village. This research was conducted using snowball sampling to find the actors involved. Furthermore, the actors involved are measured by three communication network indicators namely local centrality, global centrality and togetherness. The next, individual characteristics are tested with Spearman Rank correlation. The results of this study describe the age of farmers in the category of capable and educated, have family dependents and experienced in difficult fields, land area and the level of moderate category of cosmopolitan. While the intensity of counseling, the accuracy of extension channels and the number of sources of information are in the high category. The characteristics of individual farmers who have a relationship with communication network indicators are age, education, family responsibilities, farming experience, land area, cosmopolitanism, intensity of counseling, accuracy of extension channels, and the number of sources of information.
Diana Silfia Situmorang, Jum’Atri Yusri, Yusmini Yusmini
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 62-70; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.219

Abstract:
Various efforts have been made by the government in business development and improving the welfare of oil palm farmers. One of the programs announced by the government is the cattle and oil palm integration system program (SISKA). In general, farmers in Riau Province use non -organic fertilizers as input in oil palm plantations. However, with the SISKA program, oil palm farmers began to apply organic fertilizer from cattle waste to oil palm. Oil palm farmers who have applied organic fertilizer or precisely combined organic fertilizer with non -organic fertilizer are found in Sialang Palas Village, Lubuk District, Siak Regency. The use of organic fertilizer has emerged since the introduction of the SISKA program in Sialang Palas Village in 2013. This study aims to determine cultivation, productivity and income of oil palm plantation farmers who combine organic and non -organic fertilizers in Sialang Palas Village, Lubuk Dalam District, Siak Regency. The research method used is the survey method. Sampling was done with a simple random sampling technique. The data analysis used is descriptive analysis and agricultural analysis. Descriptive analysis was used to describe the nature of oil palm farming in Sialang Palas Village. Farm business analysis includes business cost, income and efficiency analysis. The results showed that the fertilizer given consisted of a combination of organic and non -organic fertilizers with the amount of fertilizer given that is cow feces 2,101 kg/ha/year, cow urine 700 kg/ha/year, KCL 20.83 kg/ha/year, Dolomite 252 , 80 kg/ha/year and Phonska 90.83 kg/ha/year. The productivity is 18,578 kg/ha/year with a plant age of 32 years. Total production cost Rp.7.717.345/ha/year which consists of fixed cost Rp.1.364.333.56/ha/year and variable cost Rp.6.353.012.42/ha/year. The net income received by farmers is Rp.16,859,773/ha/year.
Martina Nafla, Ekamaida Ekamaida
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 116-123; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.266

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to uncover the Perception of Salt Farmers to ManufactureTechnology Innovation of micro salt in Dewantara District, Aceh Utara. The sample in this research,consisting of 41 salt farmers, weretaken by census. Analysis of the data was done using descriptive qualitative utilizing a Likert scale. The results of the study determines the perception of salt farmers based on the innovative characteristics of themanufacturing technology of micro salt in Dewantara sub-district Aceh Utara district. The perception of relative advantage obtained a good category with an index value of 64.63%. The perception of the complexity is the less complicated category with an index value of 63.41%, perceptions of the technology can be observed as an unfavorable category with an index value of 60.12%. Furthermore, the perception of the level of conformity of the category is relatively not good with an index value of 54.75%.Finally, the perceptions of the technology can be tested unfavorable category with an index value of 54.63%.
Helentina Situmorang, Ratna Winandi, Nunung Nuryartono
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 83-91; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.216

Abstract:
Dairi Regency has the potential to increase its maize production. One of the problems in maize farming is its low productivity because of its low efficiency of input use. The objectives of this research are:(1) analyzing factors influencing maize production, and (2) analyzing the economic efficiency of maize farming at Dairi District. The analysis methods used are the Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production function utilizing Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) to analyze technical efficiency, the dual cost function to analyze allocative efficiency. This research used cross-section data. The research findings showed thatfactors like seed and fertilizers (SP-36 and Phonska) were positively and statistically significant on maize production (level of significance at 5 %), the use of urea and herbicide also havea positive and statistically significant influence on maize production (level of significance at 10 %). Furthermore, labor use hasa positive, but not statistically significant effect on maize production. The efficiency analysis revealed that the maize farmers had economic inefficiency. The low frequency of extension visits was a substantial contributorto this technical inefficiency. Agricultural extension is deemed essential to significantly increase the technical efficiency.
Dara Latifa, Faidil Tanjung, Rina Sari
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 71-82; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.223

Abstract:
This research is aimed to; 1) describe the marketing system of cabbage, including marketing channels and marketing functions which is done by eachmarketing agencies;2) analyze the structure, conduct, and performance (SCP), marketing margin, farmer's share, and marketing efficiency analysis of cabbage's marketing in Kayu Aro district. The data collection method used in this research was survey. Primary and secondary data were collected and then analyzed using descriptive qualitative method and quantitative method. The findings of this research indicate that; 1) marketing agencies involved in the cabbage marketing structure are farmers, collectors sellers, large sellers, distributor sellers, and retailer sellers. 2) There are four channels of cabbage marketing, and it consists of three channels inside the region and one channel outside the region. 3) Market functions that had been conducted within each marketing channel are exchange function, physic function, and facility function. 4) The market structure analysis of cabbage leads to an oligopoly market. Marketing price is shaped based on a compromise between demand and supply. Furthermore, this study highlighted that marketing channel IV is the most efficient channel for marketing efficiency analysis. Through this study, the writer would like to advise the producers to follow the cabbage marketing structure that had already been formulated, which is marketing channel IV. The local government could create a policy to make marketing efficiency better, for example, by supplying facilities and infrastructure. As for future researchers, there is pressing urgency for further research about marketing efficiency through a market integration approach.
Putri Sari, Eliza Eliza, Novia Dewi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 106-115; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.197

Abstract:
Mangosteen prices are determined by traders who tend to speculate, causing a weak bargaining position for farmers. Prices are determined unilaterally by traders, making farmers position only as price takers. Mangosteen marketing efficiency analysis needs to be done so that it can discover the cause of the low bargaining power of farmers and price fluctuations and the level of efficiency in each marketing channel. The study aims to analyze the marketing functions, costs, and the marketing efficiency of mangosteen fruit in Pulau Rambai Village, Kampa District, Kampar Regency. The method used is a survey method. Farmer sampling in this study used a simple random sampling method, and as for the traders, samples were taken by census method. The data analysis used is descriptive and quantitative. The results of the study highlight that the marketing functions carried out by each marketing institution are the exchange function, physical function, and facility functions. The exchange function is carried out in the form of a sale and purchase function. Physical functions is performed in the form of packaging, transportation and storage functions. The function of the facilities carried out in the forms of the activities of sorting and grading, financing, risk management, and market information. There are two mangosteen marketing channels in Desa Rambai Island. The most efficient marketing channels are determinedby thecalculation of marketing costs and marketing efficiency. The most efficient chaanel in this study is marketing channel number two.
Silviana Karina, Yusmini Yusmini, Jumatri Yusri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 92-105; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.241

Abstract:
This study aims to:1)describe internal and external factors, 2) formulate alternative development strategies, and set priorities for alternative SISKA development strategies. This research was conducted in the Pangkalan Lesung Subdistrict, Pelalawan Regency. The method used in this study is a survey method, and research respondents were 29 farmers and eight experts.Data analysis used SWOT to formulate alternative strategies and AHP for strategic priorities.The results showed that internal and external factors in the development of SISKA include internal strength factors, namely institutional factors that support and SISKA's efforts were relatively profitable. Internal weakness factors are the availability of limited resources and the low technical application of technology. External opportunity factors are institutional factors is the opportunity to support the potential price of cattle and the self-sufficiency of beef through SISKA. External threats are health, safety, and limited animal feed resources. The results showed strategies increasing cattle population, planning for palm oil rejuvenation, collaborating with PKS as a reliable provider, BIS and tankos, HR training on how to process biogas, providing extension services for livestock health and incubation cage as a place for handling sick animals, re-modification of the chopper machine and planting or cultivating grass.
Afridah Ikrimah, Beauty Martha Lingga, Ilham Bagus Prasetia, Faris Achmad Baharudin, Mohamad Yogananta, Ernoiz Antriyandarti
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 124-134; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.271

Abstract:
Mojorejo village is one of the productive migrant villages (DESMIGRATIF) in Indonesia. This study aims to determine the alternative way to increase TKI household productivity of through optimization of remittances and to desain a remittance optimization program in building a constructive financial management for TKI households in Mojorejo Village, Karangmalang, Sragen. This study uses a descriptive analysis with qualitative and systematic review approach. Data collection techniques were carried out by review the previous research and empowerement, observation through field survey, interview with informan and secondary data searching. The results show that the problem on increasing TKI household productivity is unoptimal remittance management and it tends to use for consumptive activities. Lack of public awareness to allocate remittances for investment and productive business causes the stagnant economic growth and does not lead to economic improvement in the surrounding environment. Therefore, remittance optimization can be done through the community empowerment that focus in four activities, namely financial planning training for TKI households, entrepreneurship training and business plan simulations, training in processing, packaging and marketing of rice rambak crackers, and managing mini tourism object of reservoir and selfies of "Kembangan Bersolek" in Mojorejo Village, Karangmalang, Sragen.
, Fitria Saftarina
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 37-43; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.187

Abstract:
Metro City is one of the administrative cities in Lampung province, Indonesia and also one of important rice producing regions in Lampung. Application of intensive agriculture in trend of declining area, low quality of land and differences of farmers internal characteristics that requires special treatment as solutions. Clustering farmers using the K-Means Cluster algorithm and Elbow Method can be used to facilitate policy makers determine programs and activities must be taken. Results showed that farmers are ideally grouped into 5 clusters (C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5). C1 members having most family members (4,54 persons). C2 members are the oldest age (68 years old) with longest farming experience (52.00 years) but have lowest formal education (7.67 years), least family members (3.33 person) and lowest total area (0.37 hectare). C3 having highest formal education (14.60 years) and largest paddy fields (0.80 hectare) but don't use any pesticides in paddy cropping management. Whereas farmers in C4 have largest family members helped (2.00 people). Farmers in C5 are the youngest (45.50 years old) and having the shortest experience (29.50 years) but use the most types (4 brands) and amounts of pesticides (400.00 mm.hectare.rotation-1) in paddy field management practices in Metro City.
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 27-36; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.120

Abstract:
In order to encourage rubber agribusiness activities, farmers need adequate information and reliable sources of information to achieve their goals. To meet information needs, farmers develop communication networks between farmers and their actors. This research aims to describe the sociogram of the communication network of rubber farmers in self-help patterns,and analyze the relationship between farmer characteristics and communication networks.This research conducted in Batu Bersurat Village XIII Koto Kampar District. The method used in this research is the census method and the study respondents were taken as many as 42 farmers. The results of this research indicate that the structure of the communication network formed in rubber farmers approached the radial personal networkstructure .Based on the correlation test results indicate that the characteristics of rubber farmers related to locall centrality are, extent of land tenure, cosmopolity, intensity of counseling, and number of sources of information. Correlation test results indicate that the characteristics of rubber farmers related to globall centrality are level of education, extent of land tenure, cosmopolity, intensity of counseling, and number of sources of information.Correlation test results indicate that the characteristics of rubber farmers related to betwenness are extent of land tenure, cosmopolity, intensity of counseling, and number of sources of information.
, Yusmini Yusmini,
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.80

Abstract:
Cow-oil palm integration system is an activity that combines two or more farms with the aim of increasing profits. The application of a system of integration between cattle and oil palm has a huge impact on farmers, especially improve the management of oil palm plantation and effective cattle management for increasing productivity. This researchy aims to analyze the income structure and income distribution of SISKA program household farmers. This research was conducted in Pangkalan Lesung district Pelalawan regency. The methods used in this research is a survey method and research respondents taken as many as 40 farmers in a census.The results showed that household income is sourced from the primary income SISKA and sideline income. The main income of the farmer SISKA sourced from farming the land for palm oil SISKA and non SISKA, SISKA farmers sideline income while sourced from cattle business, trade business, civil servant (PNS), and Councilor. Oil Palm ventures SISKA earn an average income of Rp 25.350.084,69/2 ha/year (55.48%), from oil palm farming on non which is Rp12.547.756,82/ average land area 1.03 ha/year (27.46%). For a side income from livestock farms obtain average income of Rp 3.768.200,52/year (8.25%). As for the revenue from non-agricultural get the Rp 3.905.312 .50/year (8.81%). The Gini Index of Ratio of farmers is at a low inequality of 0.03, meaning that oil palm farming activities and cattle activities are homogeneous.
Ikrimah Rhiza Mayesty, Eri Sayamar, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 16-26; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.83

Abstract:
This study aims to (1) Identify and describe of local wisdom that was, and is still done by the society in the collection of the seeds of vitex. (2) Identify and describe of local wisdom that ever existed and still do the community in the manufacture of seasonings black. (3) Identify and describe of local wisdom that was, and is still done by the society in the making “Samba Itam” as well as its application. This study using the technique of snowball sampling or chain by asking for information on people who have been interviewed or contacted previous and so on. The number of respondents in this study of 14 people with 3 key informants (key informants), 5 people collecting seeds legundi, 3 persons-entrepreneurs seasoning black and 3 persons-entrepreneurs “Samba Itam”. Based on the research results the conclusions obtained are (1) the local Wisdom of the plant legundi are still there and never there which is still carried on by the collecting society legundi amounted to 7 local wisdom, in the collection of the seeds of vitex there are 4 (14.29%) and marketing of seeds of vitex as much as 3 (10,71%) of the total of all local wisdom. (2) local Wisdom herbs black are still there and never there, which is still run by the society amounted to 12 local wisdom, seasoning black processing there is 10 (35,71%) and marketing, there are 2 (7,14%) of the total of all local wisdom. (3) local Wisdom “Samba Itam” are still there and never there, which is still run by the society amounted to 9 (32,14%) of the total of all local wisdom.
Imelfina Musthafa, Siska Fitrianti, Raeza Firsta Wisra
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 54-59; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.214

Abstract:
People need funding for helping their business to run well. Nowadays, people tend to avoid make loan to the bank as they have to fulfill many requirements needed for administration. Indonesian government facilitates this problem through Agribusiness Micro Finance Institution (LKMA) to help family sector to access credit for funding. This study was aimed to analyze cost and revenue of LKMA Pincuran Bonjoand to know the feasibility of LKMA Pincuran Bonjo business. This study used analytic descriptive method using case study in LKMA Pincuran Bonjo. This LKMA was chosen for the level of member activeness and the asset growth. The data were collected using unstructured interview and document study on income statement during 2016 to 2018. The study suggested that the total cost is Rp. 81.117.842,-, Rp. 93.077.138,-, and Rp.75.105.911,-, in a row. Salary contributed the most for this cost. While, the total revenue in a row is as follow: Rp.110.833.474,-, Rp.128.888.559,-, and Rp. 99.521.940,-, in which the highest revenue was achieved from the loan services. And the benefit achieved during those years was Rp. 29.715.632,-, Rp. 35.811.421,-, dan Rp. 24.416.029,-. The R/C ratio was 1.37, 1.38 and 1.33, this indicates that LKMA Pincuran Bonjo business is liable to keep running and growing.
Endang Mujayana, Rosnita Rosnita, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 44-53; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.97

Abstract:
This research aims to know what the extent to which the community adopted the innovation of processing land without burning and what stages of cultivation without burning by people of Rokan Hilir Riau Province. The research method used was survey method and in-depth analysis using questionnaires with primary and secondary data. The respondents in this research as many as 15 people consisting of a society that has already adopted the innovation of processing land without burning and the Government as well as Society of Fire Care (SFC) in the village of Rantau Bais Sub-district of Tanah Putih and Labuhan Tangga Kecil village Sub-district Of Bangko Regency of Rokan Hilir. The determination of community respondents used snowball sampling and purposive sampling for institutional respondents. The analysis of the data used for the purposes of the adoption process innovation to cultivate land without burning, namely Scales Likerts analysis and descriptive analysis is used to find out land processing system without burning have done by the community. Research results showed that land without burning processing system which conducted the community consist of several stages in the form of clearing or logging and spraying, and buildup and allowed to decay naturally. The rate of adoption of innovation of processing land without burning in the Rokan Hilir has thehigh categorywith value score 3.52. The high adoption process innovation of processing land without burning is due to the high level of knowledge, decision and implementation that also have been good. The decision to adopt was high because the society doing processing in terms of plant maintaining plants and plantations.
Elsyintia Dwi Putri, Cepriadi Cepriadi, Fajar Restuhadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 3, pp 60-70; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.94

Abstract:
Chicken broiler is the main commodities and largest in Indonesia, where Kampar district into production centre in the province of Riau. According to the company's partners, breeder who partnered with the pattern contract farming hasn't been able to combine the use of livestock production facilities as well as labor. This resulted in not maximizing the profits obtained by breeders. The purpose of the research was to analyze broiler chicken farming and analyze the efficiency of broiler chicken production. Analytical method used is the analysis method of broiler chicken flocks and the DEA method. Respondents needed is 40 farmers who have partnered with the contract farming pattern. The results showed that the production costs of Rp.180.031.229 /period, revenue Rp.203.573.865/period, so that the profit amounting to Rp 23.542.636/period with R/C ratio of 1.13. The results of the efficiency analysis show that inefficient farmers are more numerous than those who have been efficient. It showed breeders hasn't been able to use the minimum input produce output that is optimal and maximum profit.
, Ahmad Rifai, Didi Muwardi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 41-48; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i2.66

Abstract:
This research aims to know the productivity of palm oil processing, evaluated the productivity and give solutions improved productivity of palm oil processing in PTPN V Sungai Pagar district of Kampar Kiri Kampar Regency. The productivity measurement method used is the Marvin E. Mundel method. Measurement of productivity by setting the month of January 2016 as the basis period of the partial results obtained the highest productivity index of 160.13% February 2017 for depreciation, amounting to 132.16% July 2016 for materials, amounting to 258.26% January 2017 for labor, of 273.12% January 2017 for energy, amounted to 263.04% and September 2016 for maintenance.While the lowest partial productivity index of 93.93% December 2017 for depreciation, amounting to 94.07% February 2017 for the material, to 65.00% June 2016 for labor, of 66.25%, June 2016 for energy, and of 67.43% April 2016 for maintenance. The highest total productivity index was reached in February, 2017 of 133.70% and lowest in February 2016 of 94.24%. Solutions for increasing the productivity of palm oil processing: 1) increasing the number of FFB processed by paying attention to the quality of the fruit to be received 2) improving control of employee work, 3) making service schedules for PKS machines and equipment, 4) processing activities carried out in accordance with the maximum hours of processing PKS, 5) repair of production floor and loading ramp, 6) hold socialization in KUD/farmer groups and communities around PKS area, 7) improve company relations with partners, and 8) make improvements to the division of work shifts.
, Yusmini Yusmini, Susy Edwina
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 49-57; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i2.71

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the financial feasibility and sensitivity to changes in input prices, production levels and prices of the output of a business System integration of Cow-Palm oil in Sari Makmur villagePangkalan Lesung District Pelalawan Regency Province of Riau. The research method used is the method of case studies. Data used are primary data and secondary data. The informant on this research consists of a group of farmers which is Sari Sarwo group members as many as 14 people and the number of cattle beginning as many as 51 cows , extension officers of Sari Makmur village, Village Unit Cooperative of Sari Makmur,and Village Unit Cooperative shop of Sari Makmur. Data analysis the criteria used was Net Present Value (NPV), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR). The results showed : integration efforts of cow-palm oil is worth because it has a value of NPV is positive, the value of Net B/C is greater than zero and the value of the IRR is greater than the Social Opportunity Cost of Capital (SOCC), the business is still eligible for develop in the event of a decrease in the price increase of chemical fertilizer 32.80%, decrease in price of palm oil of 15%, and decrease in urine and feses price 50%.The business is un eligible to developif in the production of palm oil greater than47,21%, and decrease in birth rate cow greater than53,68%.
, , Eri Sayamar
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 76-90; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i2.76

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the internal characteristics and external characteristics of rubber farmers in self-help patterns and the communication process in Subdistrict XIII Koto Kampar, Kampar District.. Based on data on the area of ​​rubber plantations and the amount of rubber production in Riau Province has decreased in the last four years. This is caused by various factors, one of which is due to farmers' communication processes that are running poorly or not as expected. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the internal and external characteristics of independent smallholder rubber farmers and the communication process through the elements of communication using survey methods, sample selection with purposive sampling method and Likert scale analysis tools and descriptive analysis. Based on Likert scale analysis, internal characteristics and external characteristics of rubber farmers in District XIII Koto Kampar, Kampar Regency are in the moderate category (quite good). The communication process in this study is seen from the elements of communication, namely communicators, messages, media, communicants, effects, feedback, place and time dimensions
, Syaiful Anwar
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 68-75; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i2.74

Abstract:
Labor is a very important asset in economic activities, but often the number of workers exceeds the available employment capacity, so it is very necessary to analyze the factors that affect employment. This study aims to estimate the relationship between wage, capital, production value to the amount of employment in Kerupuk Sanjai Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kabupaten Limapuluh Kota This type of research is field research and use questioner to 100 respondens . The analytical tool used is multiple linear regression analysis with OLS (Ordinary Least Square) method and data processing using SPSS VR.21 software. The results of the study show that all independent variabels has a significant effect on labor absorption in Kerupuk Sanjai SMEs in Kabupaten Limapuluh Kota. capital is the variable that has the most influence in the absorption of labor in the Kerupuk Sanjai Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kabupaten Limapuluh Kota.
, , Jumatri Yusri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 58-67; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i2.72

Abstract:
Rice is an important commodity because it is a staple food source for almost all Indonesian people. One way to increase rice production is by using available resources more efficiently. The use of production factors such as land, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and labor will affect the total production of rice produced. This study aims to determine the technicality of inorganic rice cultivation, calculate production costs and analyze the efficiency of inorganic rice farming production in the District of Rakit Kulim. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis, farming cost analysis and DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) analysis. The number of samples is 40 inorganic rice farmers. The results showed that the inorganic rice cultivation technique in the District of Rakit Kulim was not in accordance with the recommendations. Incompatibility is caused by the unavailability of technical books for inorganic rice cultivation from the localita specific crop study center. The total cost of producing inorganic rice farming in the District of Rakit Kulim is Rp. 23,622,481, - / Ha. While the average income is Rp. 24,230,168, - / Ha with a net income of 607,687, - / Ha with an RCR value of 1.07. The results of the analysis of production efficiency using DEA show that the proportion of technically efficient farmers is 50% with an average value of 0.946. The proportion of efficient farmers is allocatively relatively small at 32.5% with an average value of 0.975. Economic efficiency is relatively small at 32.5% with an average value of 0.927.
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i1.60

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui tingkat kepentingan dan kepuasan konsumen terhadap atribut mutu beras. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kampung Bunga Raya Kabepaten Siak. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 120 orang. Metode penelitian yanng digunakan adalah accidental sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara. Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah analisis Important Performance Analysis (IPA), analisis Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI). Hasil penelitian Atribut beras yang menjadi prioritas utama bagi produsen untuk memperbaikinya karena atribut tersebut sangat mempengaruhi kepuasan konsumen dalam membeli beras. Indicator atau atribut tersebut adalah kebersihan beras dan kemasan beras. Sedangkan indicator yang telah dapat memuaskan konsumen dan harus dipertahankan oleh produsen agar konsumen tetap puas dalam membeli beras itu antara lain atribut gizi beras, rasa beras, dan bau beras.
Arnayulis Arnayulis, Mega Amelia Putri, Indri Wahyu Putri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 18-27; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i1.62

Abstract:
Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk : 1) mengetahui tentang proses pembiayaan di Warung Mikro BSM Kantor Cabang Payakumbuh, 2) mengidentifikasi jenis resiko dan faktor penyebab terjadinya resiko dalam pembiayaan dan 3) menganalisis penerapan manajemen resiko pembiayaan Warung Mikro di BSM KC Payakumbuh. Penelitian ini berawal pada Februari sampai dengan April 2018. Metode yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif dengan mengumpulkan data melalui interview dan studi literatur. Proses pembiayaan pada Warung Mikro terdiri dari pengajuan pembiayaan dan pemberian persyaratan, pemeriksaan kelengkapan persyaratan, analisa kelayakan pembiayaan, pembuatan proposal pembiayaan, akad, dan pencairan. Resiko yang dihadapi dalam pembiayaan Warung Mikro ini adalah resiko default, resiko persaingan yang kompetitif, resiko pengembalian barang, dan resiko dijualnya objek pembiayaan. Resiko default terjadi karena faktor internal berupa analisis pembiayaan yang salah, bank yang terlalu ekspansif dan tergiur dengan agunan yang besar; dan faktor eksternal berupa kondisi usaha nasabah, riwayat nasabah, dan kondisi nasabah. Implementasi manajemen resiko di Warung Mikro BSM KC Payakumbuh terdiri dari identifikasi resiko, pengukuran resiko, pemantauan resiko, dan pengendalian resiko.
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 28-32; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i1.58

Abstract:
Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh adanya ketergantungan petani menggunakan pupuk anorganik dan meningkatnya harga pupuk anorganik tersebut yang berakibat pada bertambahnya biaya produksi dan berkurangnya keuntungan usahatani padi, sehingga berpengaruh terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga petani. Berdasarkan penelitian sebelumnya diperoleh informasi bahwa terdapat perbedaan pendapatan petani padi pengguna pupuk organik dengan pendapatan petani padi pengguna pupuk anorganik di Kecamatan Harau. Oleh karena itu, tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan petani padi pengguna pupuk organik dan anorganik di Kecamatan Harau. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan survey kepada petani padi di Kecamatan Harau. Analisa data dilakukan secara kuantitatif yaitu melalui analisa regresi linier berganda dan dilanjutkan dengan uji F. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa faktor yang mempengaruhi secara nyata pendapatan petani padi pengguna pupuk organik dan anorganik di Kecamatan Harau adalah: Luas lahan dan biaya produksi. Sedangkan faktor yang mempengaruhi secara tidak nyata adalah: umur petani, pendidikan petani, jumlah produksi dan harga produksi.
Martina Martina, , Cut Rizki Nanda Putri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 10-17; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i1.57

Abstract:
Kecamatan Peudada merupakan salah satu kawasan penghasil udang vannamei di Kabupaten Bireuen dengan jumlah produksi sebesar 450,46 ton. Proses budidaya udang vannamei menggunakan dua pola yaitu intensif dan pola tradisional. Pola Intensif tergantung memerlukan modal yang lebih banyak untuk membeli peralatan dan pakan dibandingkan pola tradisional. Namun demikian, di lokasi penelitian banyak dijumpai petani yang memiliki banyak modal namun menggunakan pola tradisional dalam proses budidaya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan petani dalam memilih pola budidaya udang vannamei di Kecamatan Peudada. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Agustus 2017 dengan sampel sebanyak 60 orang petambak yang terdiri dari 26 petambak pola intensif dan 34 pola tradisional. Untuk menganalisis data menggunakan model analisis Logistik (logit). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa yang mempengaruhi petambak dalam memilih pola budidaya di Kecamatan Peudada Kabupaten Bireuen adalah jarak lokasi dengan arus listrik, sedangkan modal tidak mempengaruhi petambak dalam memilih pola budidaya udang vannamei.
, Puja Satria, Roni Afrizal
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 2, pp 33-40; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v2i1.59

Abstract:
Kebun Batang Toru adalah salah satu Kebun PT. Perkebunan Nusantara III yang bergerak di bidang perkebunan karet dan kelapa sawit dengan produk tandan buah segar (TBS) dari kelapa sawit. Kebun Batang Toru menguasai hak kepemilikan 4.097,37 Ha yang terdiri dari 7 Afdeling (Karet dan Kelapa Sawit), salah satunya afdeling II Sipisang yang memiliki komoditas perkebunan kelapa sawit. Afdeling II Sipisang memiliki total luas 518,25 Ha, dengan luas lahan untuk komoditas kelapa sawit adalah 146 Ha. Kegiatan panen dan pasca panen dilakukan di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara III Batang Toru tanaman II afdeling Sipisang seperti pengurangan buah dan transportasi TBS ke titik pengumpulan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis seberapa besar kehilangan hasil dan kemungkinan risiko insiden TBS kelapa sawit pasca panen. Jumlah kehilangan pascapanen TBS yang diperoleh adalah 7, 05% dari total TBS yang dihasilkan. Kerugian terletak di tanah ke titik pengumpulan. Dampak kerugian pasca panen dari total TBS kelapa sawit adalah Rp 2.209.160,53 dengan probabilitas kejadian 4,4 persen.
Hendra Habibi, Siska Fitrianti
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 1, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v1i1.20

Abstract:
Hortikultura merupakan salah satu subsektor pertanian yang menempati posisi penting dalam memberi kontribusi bagi perekonomian Indonesia.Salah satu hasil dari komoditas hortikultura yaitu jamur tiram putih. Jamur adalah tanaman heterotrofik yaitu tanaman yang kehidupannya tergantungpada organisme lain. Jamur tidak bisa melakukan proses fotosintesis sehingga tidak bisa menghasilkan makanan sendiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis biaya dan pendapatan di P4S Nusa Indah pada usaha budidaya jamur tiram putih dan mengetahui kelayakan usaha pada jamur tiram putih. Pengamatan dilakukan mulai tanggal 14 April 2016-21 Mei 2016 di P4S Nusa Indah yang berlokasi di kampung Sukamanah RT 02 RW 01 Desa Tamansari, Kecamatan Tamansari, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. P4S Nusa Indah memiliki 4 aspek produksi yaitu jamur tiram putih, tanaman hias, kehutanan dan perikanan. Paling menonjol adalah Jamur tiram putih. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah pengamatan langsung kelapangan (observasi) dan wawancara dengan pihak terkait dan studi kepustakaan. P4S Nusa Indah melakukan proses budidaya jamur tiram putih sebanyak 12.000 baglog dengan hasil 4.800 kg jamur tiram putih dengan harga jual Rp.10.000,-/kg. Dari analisa yang dilakukan P4S Nusa Indah memperoleh laba sebesar Rp.6.328.975,- per periode, R/C ratio 1,2 BEP harga Rp.8.681 dan BEP produksi 4.167 kg.
Melani Anisa Fitri, Roni Afrizal, Yuliandri Yuliandri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 1, pp 28-37; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v1i1.25

Abstract:
The existence of PT. CNM Solok becomes very important as one of the guarantor of the availability of Indonesian corn seeds in order to keep corn production in a sustainable manner. In operation PT. CNM Solok in cooperation with PT. Pertani and farmer breeder. During the partnership there were two barriers: the delay in product distribution and the late payment of the contract. The purpose of this research is (1) Analyzing the partnership pattern applied by PT. CNM Solok with farmer breeders and PT. Pertani, (2) Analyze the evaluation of partnership implementation implemented by PT. CNM Solok with farmer breeders and PT. Pertani, (3) Compare the income level of the breeder farmer with regional income standard when partnering with PT. CNM Solok, (4) Describe the level of satisfaction of both partners of PT. CNM Solok is farmer breeders and PT. Pertani to the way the partnership so far. This research was carried out for 2 months from the date of February 20, until May 19 2018 at PT. Citra Nusantara Mandiri Solok, Solok City, West Sumatra. The study used primary data (interviews and contract documents of partnership) and secondary data were processed descriptively qualitative. Partnership pattern of PT. CNM Solok with farmer breeder ie plasma core. While the partnership pattern of PT. CNM Solok with PT. Pertani is subcontracted. The implementation of the partnership has not been fully realized. Farmers' income is lower than UMP with a land area of 0.25 hectares. Partners have been satisfied with existing partnerships
Yoli Okta Lifia, Rika Hariance
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 1, pp 38-43; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v1i1.26

Abstract:
Gerbera (Gerbera jamensonii) merupakan salah satu jenis tanaman hias yang memiliki nilai ekonomis tinggi dan sangat prospektif untuk dikembangkan secara komersial terutama sebagai produk bunga potong. Kelompok tani Boemi Nursery merupakan satu penghasil bunga gerbera potong yang berada di daerah Lembang, Kabupaten Bandung Barat. Salah satu penunjang keberhasilan suatu perusahaan adalah bagaimana perusahaan itu menyalurkan dan memasarkan produk-produknya. Oleh karena itu kegiatan pemasaran merupakan hal penting bagi perusahaan. Penulisan bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kegiatan budidaya bunga gerbera yang dilakukan di Kelompok Tani Boemi Nursery dan mengetahui bauran pemasaran bunga gerbera di Kelompok Tani Boemi Nursery. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada 1 April 2016 sampai dengan 4 Juni 2016 bertempat di Kelompok Tani Boemi Nursery. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wanwancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Kelompok Tani Boemi Nursery melakukan bauran pemasaran terhadap produknya yaitu bunga gerbera dengan berbagai warna seperti merah, kuning, orange dan pink. Bunga dijual per ikat dengan jumlah satu ikat sebanyak 10 tangkai. Harga yang ditawarkan untuk pemasaran tidak langsung sebesar Rp 6.500,00 per ikat sedangkan untuk pemasaran secara langsung sebesar Rp 7.500,00 per ikat. Promosi yang dilakukan dalam memasarkan produknya yaitu open house, promosi dari mulut ke mulut, mengikuti seminar dan media sosial. Kelompok tani Boemi Nursery harus membuat manajemen usaha tanaman hias ini lebih baik lagi dengan melakukan pencatatan untuk semua kegiatan yang dilakukan dan pembukuan keuangan dari usaha kelompok tani tersebut. Sehingga usaha yang dijalankan terencana dan terkoordinir dan dapat berjalan sesuai yang diharapkan
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