Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan: 132

(searched for: journal_id:(4145961))
Page of 3
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Yasmine Nurfirdaus, Philip Etabee Macdonald Bassey
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 11-17; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.11-17

Abstract:
Child survival can be reflected in the presence of the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). Indonesia has an Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) according to the 2017 IDHS, which reaches 24 deaths per 1000 live births. This figure has decreased compared to a survey conducted by the 2012 IDHS, where infant mortality reached 32 deaths per 1000 live births. Even though it experienced a decrease, the IMR in Indonesia was higher when compared to the IMR in other Southeast Asian countries. Socioeconomic factors for individuals, families, and communities, including the influence of infant mortality. Not only that, but infant mortality can also be due to the absence of awareness of maternal health. Thus, this study aims to determine several variables related to survival in infants in Indonesia. This type of research is a non-reactive study. This study uses quantitative analysis and a methodical approach with a cross-sectional approach that takes data from the 2017 IDHS. This study took a sample following the 2017 IDHS with the criteria that mothers who had babies still drank breast milk, were born single, and were still alive after the first three days in Indonesia. The number of respondents in this study was 7,599 mothers with babies. Analysis of the research data using Chi-Square analysis. Bivariable analysis shows that infants' survival has a relationship with the mother's education, type of area, and welfare level. However, infant survival also has no association with the age of the mother and birth attendants. Counseling pregnant women regarding risks, causes,
Hafiza Ajeng Dianing Sukma, Sagar Tiwari
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 61-67; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.61-67

Abstract:
Indonesia is currently taking on the challenge of the relatively high number of neonatal deaths influencing maternal and child health. Premature birth is the most significant contributor to the number of neonatal deaths. The occurrence of premature birth is motivated by various risk factors. Knowing the magnitude of the relationship between several risks, namely maternal age, location, parity, and maternal smoking habits with preterm birth incidents was the aim of this study. The 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) was a source of data used. This study employed a cross-sectional approach and then processed the results with univariate and bivariate tests. The results showed a relationship between maternal age and residential area with the premature birth, where mothers under 20 years and over 35 years had a higher probability of giving birth prematurely. The area of residence, which was divided into rural and urban, also had a relationship with premature birth. The parity and smoking habits showed no association with preterm birth. Education, Antenatal Care (ANC), and other various efforts to emphasize maternal and child health care during pregnancy need to be continuously improved to reduce preterm birth rates in Indonesia.
Tri Wahyudi, , Ridha Ferdhiana
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 18-27; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.18-27

Abstract:
Human life quality in an area can be determined through the Human Development Index (HDI). One of the fundamental components for the HDI composition is the Life Expectancy Rate (LER). Even though DKI Jakarta Province has a high HDI, research on the factors that influence LER is still fascinating to do. This study aims to compare the survival probability of the DKI Jakarta residents based on gender (male and female) and marital status (unmarried and married) variables. This study analyzed the lifespan data of 464 people who were calculated from birth to death in 2017. The data were analyzed using a lifetime analysis method with a parametric approach which refers to selecting the probability distributions that best fits the research data. The results showed there was no difference in survival probability between the male and female populations. Meanwhile, married residents have a greater survival probability than those who were unmarried. Thus, the Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta needs to increase the percentage of the married population to increase LER, leading to an increase in regional HDI, for example, through economic empowerment programs and optimization of the Planning Generation (GenRe) program.
Rafika Diyah Arafah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 76-85; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.76-85

Abstract:
Surabaya, as a provincial capital, carries a big burden in population control. Besides the issue of incoming migration, it is also influenced by population growth due to fertility. Implementing family planning programs can serve as a solution to control the population. This study aimed to analyze the data trends of active family planning participants and operational field activities related to family planning in the city of Surabaya in 2019. Secondary data were sourced from the monthly publication of the East Java BKKBN, namely the Hasil Analisis dan Evaluasi Program Kependudukan Keluarga Berencana dan Pembangunan Keluarga (KKBPK) Program in 2019. The data used included active family planning participants and field operational activities which are operational data of car movements for services, coordination meetings, mobile family planning teams, and outreaches to Field Advisors of Family Planning / Petugas Lapangan Keluarga Berencana (PLKB) or Penyuluh Keluarga Berencana (PKB), and IEC conducted by religious or community leaders. The data comprised of participants’ activeness in family planning activities and operational field activities in Surabaya from January to December in 2019. Descriptive analysis methods were used to explain trends in data. The data had the same pattern for both active participants and operational field activities in the final quarter. The trend of active family planning participants increased by 2.3% from January to December 2019, but the trend of field operational data decreased by 11.6%, 9.35%, 9.35%, 6.45%, and 8.03%.
Nadhirul Mundhiro, Ridhwan Fauzi, Mohammad Ainul Maruf, Nurfadhilah Nurfadhilah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 86-93; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.86-93

Abstract:
Premarital sex is a growing social issue in Indonesia. The number of adolescents who conduct premarital sex has increased over the years. This study aimed to analyze the determinants of premarital sex behavior among adolescents in Indonesia. The study used secondary data from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic Health Survey (IDHS) with a total of 22,583 adolescent participants. The chi-square and multiple logistic regression were performed to assess the association of premarital sex behavior with socio-demographic status, tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. The results revealed that premarital sex was associated with sex, age, education level, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and drug use. Adolescents who had drunk alcohol were almost twenty times more likely (AOR = 19,888; 95% CI = 16,124-24,531) to have premarital sexual intercourse compared to adolescents who had not. The results found that premarital sex was strongly correlated with addictive substance use. Therefore, the government should formulate integrated health intervention programs to prevent risky health behaviors among adolescents. These can include integrating education on the dangers of smoking, alcohol consumption, and drugs into the Generation Planning or Generasi Berencana (GENRE) program, or Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remaja (PIK R) or Youth Information and Counseling Center, which focuses on reproductive health in one package.
Adelita Setiawan, Lucia Yovita Hendrati, Yudied Agung Mirasa
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 45-52; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.45-52

Abstract:
Diphtheria is an acute disease that attacks the airways and causes deaths. The risk factors for diphtheria are low Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus (DPT) immunization coverage and an unhealthy home environment. One effort to control diphtheria is by providing information in the form of the patient's location that makes it easier to determine the target group of people intervened. The city of Surabaya experienced an increase of 50 diphtheria cases from 2017 to 2018. This study aimed to map and analyze diphtheria cases based on DPT immunization and healthy homes from 2017 to 2018 in the city of Surabaya. This study was classified descriptive analytic and used an ecological design. This study used the Pearson's correlation coefficient statistical test to analyze secondary data from the Surabaya City’s Health Profile of 2017 to 2018. This study employed the Health Mapper 4.3.0.0 application and SPSS software version 23. The study variables were diphtheria cases, DPT immunization coverage, and the percentage of healthy homes in 2017 and 2018 in Surabaya. The results of the statistical test indicated that there was a moderate relationship between DPT basic immunization coupon with the number of diphtheria cases in 2018 (p = 0.007; OR = 0.471); while the percentage of healthy homes and the number of diphtheria cases in 2018 showed a strong correlation (p = 0.002; OR = 0.544). The city experienced an increase in the number of diphtheria cases from 2017 to 2018, as well as the rise in DPT immunization coverage and the percentage of healthy homes, which tended to be stagnant. DPT immunization coverage and the percentage of healthy homes based on the 2018 data were related to the number of diphtheria cases in Surabaya. Counseling for the people in the city should be conducted to ensure that their children get DPT immunization and maintain environment cleanliness for a healthy home.
Diah Puspita Sari, Mario Ekoriano, Aditya Rahmadhony
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 94-104; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.94-104

Abstract:
This analysis aimed to examine the relationship between family development and risky adolescent sexual behavior in Indonesia. The data were taken from the 2018 Performance and Accountability Survey with a family and adolescent questionnaire; thus, the relationship between parents and adolescents could be identified. The statistical analysis methods used were descriptive and inferential analyses, with the unit of analysis being 15,556 teenagers who dated. The results of the logistic regression analysis (Model 1) by using all the independent variables simultaneously found that sexual risk behavior was mostly found in in boys, age categories 20-24 years, and participants who never had access to PIK-R. Risky sexual behavior was also dependent on whether participants agreed to have relations sexual before marriage, and also the level of education of their parents. The logistic regression analysis (Model 2) found residence, gender, level of adolescent education, age categories, agreement to have sexual relations before marriage, age groups of head of family, gender of head of family, education level of head of family, work status of head of family, economic status, and the activeness of the BKR activities contributed to adolescents committing risky sexual behaviors.
Nida Luthfina
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 35-44; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.35-44

Abstract:
The pregnancy intention can be divided into two, namely the desired pregnancy and unwanted pregnancy/Kehamilan Tidak Diinginkan (KTD). Unwanted pregnancy can cause negative impacts on the mother, such as not carrying out antenatal care (ANC) and abortion. Besides, babies born from KTD are more at risk of experiencing low birth weight and not getting breast milk/Air Susu Ibu (ASI) from their mothers. Therefore, the risk factors of pregnancy intention need to be known to prevent the incidence of KTD in Indonesia. This study analyzes the risk factors for pregnancy intention in Indonesia, such as maternal age, parity, sex of the baby born, mother's work status, education level, type of area of residence, family economy, and history of contraceptive use or family planning/Keluarga Berencana (KB). The research design was cross-sectional with analysis using logistic regression statistical tests. This study used secondary data from the 2017 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) with 14,778 subjects. The results of this analysis are the risk factors for pregnancy intention in Indonesia, namely the age of the mother (p-value = 0,000 and OR = 1.403), parity (p-value = 0,000 and OR = 2,860), the type of area of residence (p-value = 0,000 and OR = 1,518) and history of use of family planning (p-value = 0.000 and OR = 0.711). The risk of adverse events is greater in mothers aged 35 years, parity more than 3, residing in urban areas, and having a history of using family planning. There is no significant relationship between the sex of the baby, the mother's employment status, education level, and family economy on pregnancy intention.
Dian Ayu Lestari
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 28-34; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.28-34

Abstract:
HIV/AIDS remain the most serious diseases worldwide. One of the efforts that health workers have made in health promotion using prevention and control. This study aims to determine the factors that interact with the attitude of PLWHA. This study used a descriptive analysis using the chi-square statistical test. The use of data is secondary data from 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The results of statistical testing using the chi-square found that the factors that influence rejection attitudes in people with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are age (p = 0.001; λ = 0, 05), area of residence (p = 0.001; λ = 0.05), education (p = 0.001; λ = 0.05), and exposure to mass media (p = 0.001; λ = 0.05). From the results of statistical tests, it can be seen that attitudes towards PLWHA are influenced by age and area of residence.
Silmi Muna, Kuntoro Kuntoro
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 53-60; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.53-60

Abstract:
The Air Pollution Standards Index (APSI) is an indicator that shows how clean or polluted the air is in a city. It also portrays the health impacts towards the people who breathe it in. Based on the Indonesian Ministry of Environment monitoring through the Air Quality Monitoring Station (AQMS), the city of Surabaya only had 22 up to 62 days of air categorized as good in a year. The purpose of this study was to forecast APSI as a scientific-based reference for making decisions and policies that were appropriate in tackling the effects of air pollution on health. This study was non-obstructive or non-reactive research. The research method used was time series to identify the time relationship. The data used were secondary data taken from the APSI documents from 2014 to 2019 at the Surabaya City Environment Agency. The results of this study obtained the best model through α (0.8), γ (0.5), and δ (0.6) with the values of MAPE (0.104355), MAD (0.00842), and MSD (0.001050) calculated with the Holt-Winters exponential smoothing method. The highest produced forecast value of APSI was in September 2020, and the smallest was in January 2020. This study suggests the government of Surabaya to create policies and programs to suppress the number within APSI.
Bethania Amruh Nisak
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.1-10

Abstract:
The incidence of unmet needs in Indonesia is still high, around 10.6 percent. For every 36 million couples of childbearing age, there are 4 million couples who experience unmet needs. The high number of unmet needs will trigger various effects on women of childbearing age. One of the impacts is unwanted pregnancy. This unwanted pregnancy can be a factor in morbidity and mortality in the mother, increasing maternal mortality if not addressed promptly. This study is an observational non-reactive study. This study aimed to determine the factors related to the unmet need for family planning in married women. The study subjects were 29,189 married women aged 15-49 years old (women of childbearing age). The data source comes from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) in 2017. Further analysis was carried out using the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. The results show that the factors affecting the unmet need for family planning in women are the age of women, the number of children who are still alive, family planning discussions between spouses or husband and wife, education level, employment status, knowledge related to methods, and history of family planning use. The variable of family planning usage history is the most influential factor in the unmet need for family planning in pregnant women. Women who have never done birth control have a high risk of unmet need—women's knowledge about contraceptive methods related to the contraceptive method and the history of using family planning (p-value <0.05). The variable of family planning usage history is the most influential factor in the unmet need for family planning in pregnant women. Women who have never done birth control have a high risk of unmet need—knowledge related to family planning methods and history (p-value <0.05). The variable of family planning usage history is the most influential factor in the unmet need for family planning in pregnant women. Women who have never done birth control have a high risk of unmet need.
Dewi Aulia Nuraini, Abdu Nafan Aisul Muhlis
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 68-75; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.68-75

Abstract:
The rapid increase of population growth yearly is a problem that Indonesia generally faces. Various efforts to resolve this problem have been done by the government, one of which is the Family Planning Program and strategies for the use of contraception. Intra-Uterine Device (IUD) is one contraception type that remains unpopular, with only 6.6% of users in 2018. One of the factors assumed to affect the contraceptive use is spouse support. The aim of this study was to analyze and then summarize the findings on the correlation between husband support and the use of IUD in women of childbearing age. Ten studies with certain criterias that had been selected from various databases were used in the meta-analysis. The data were analyzed with the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 2 trial version. Based on the analysis, husband support was a factor correlated with the use of IUDs in women of childbearing age (p = 0.000).
, Windhu Purnomo
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 95-103; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.95-103

Abstract:
The signs of puberty in teenagers are including physical changes such as breast development (thelarche), pubic hair growth (pubarche) and armpits, menarche, and ovulation. Menstruation that occurs for the first time is known as menarche. Teenagers facing menarche require good preparation since anxiety and fear will likely appear. Anxiety that occurs makes teenagers experience selective attention that disrupts their concentration. Preliminary studies that have been conducted by researchers are known to have elementary school students who experience anxiety facing menarche in Pademawu (sub-district) as the subjects. This study aims to analyze the relationship between readiness and anxiety level of elementary school students facing menarche in Pademawu, Pamekasan (district). The quantitative cross-sectional study is a research design chosen by researchers. The number of research samples of 75 students was obtained through cluster random sampling. The clusters used as research samples are in different schools and the same sub-district. Multinomial logistic regression is a statistical test for analyzing data. The results of the study were 49.3 percent of students had sufficient knowledge about menarche. As many as 38.7 percents of students received family support about moderate menarche. Furthermore, 68 percent of students were not ready to face menarche, and 45.3 percent of students experienced moderate anxiety. In the statistical test results obtained a correlation value of 0.001. In this research, it is known that there is a relationship between readiness and anxiety level in dealing with menarche in elementary school students in Pademawu, Pamekasan. Family willingness and support are factors that influence respondents' anxiety in facing menarche. Parents are expected to be active in educating their daughters by providing information and motivation in dealing with menarche.
, Eva R. Kurniawati
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 153-160; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.153-160

Abstract:
Poisson regression is used on discrete data (count) for the formation of the model. There is often a violation in Poisson regression analysis assumptions i.e., overdispersion, which means the average value of the data is smaller than the value of the variance. The number of multibacillary leprosy (MB) in 31 Surabaya districts orderly from 2015 to 2017 has increased as many as 127 cases, 140 cases, and 158 cases. This study aimed to model the number of MB leprosy in Surabaya in 2017 with a Negative Binomial regression in overdispersion. This was quantitative research with a descriptive method that uses secondary data. The data sourced from Surabaya City Health Profile in 2017. The independent variables studied include BCG immunization coverage, the percentage of healthy houses, the percentage of Households with Clean and Healthy Behavior (HCHB), the percentage of the male population, and the population density level. MB leprosy incidence modeling with Poisson regression proved to be overdispersed so that the Negative Binomial regression was used to overcome it. The variable that influenced the MB leprosy incidence with a Negative Binomial regression analysis was the percentage of healthy houses (p = 0.019). MB leprosy occurence will decrease if the percentage of healthy houses increases. The percentage of healthy houses in Surabaya was 86.99%, which increased compared to the previous year with an increase of 1.78%. Public awareness about healthy houses is required to reduce the number of MB leprosy in Surabaya.
Aliqul Abdiyah, Fonny Indri Hartanti, Yuly Sulistyorini
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 137-145; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.137-145

Abstract:
One of the ways to synergize various parties in anticipating and overcoming problems as a result of population dynamics is to increase the role of teachers through the establishment of Sekolah Siaga Kependudukan (SSK). This study aims to analyze the implementation of the SSK in East Java in 2019. The analysis was using descriptive analysis method. Secondary data on the number of schools that have SSK program is obtained through the area of population control by National Board Population and Family Planning Representative in East Java. Primary data related to problems and solutions in schools associated with the implementation of the SSK program were obtained by in-depth interviews conducted with heads of sub-fields and staff working in the area of Population Control. In 2017, National Board of Population and Family Planning Representative of East Java initiated the formation of SSK in 3 districts and cities. From 2017 to August 2019, the number of schools in East Java that have participated in the SSK program were 58 Senior High Schools and 24 Junior High Schools. Only 20.8% of schools that have met the SSK's criteria of success, namely (1) have a decree on the formation (2) have a nameplate, (3) the establishment of a population corner, (4) the integration of population material on subjects in the form of Lesson Plan (LP), and (5) community-related activities. Implementing SSK program in East Java still needs to be improved, especially in forming population corner. Students follow the integration of SSK materials into school subjects and the presence of population-themed activities through advocacy and coordination with stakeholders in districts and cities. The SSK program also requires increased socialization of activities at schools.
Surya Doni, Lutfi Agus Salim
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 130-136; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.130-136

Abstract:
The family planning program has a very appropriate role in addressing population growth. Most family planning participants chose injections and pills, while medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy) and medical operative for men (vasectomy) are the least preferrable. Based on National Board of Population and Family Planning data 2017, the majority of new family planning participants in Indonesia are dominated by family planning participants who use non-long-term contraception methods by 79.48% of all new family planning participants. The use of long-term contraceptive methods from year to year has increased compared to non-long-term contraceptive methods, but there is more interest in acceptors to use non-long-term contraceptive methods. The research objective is to examine the relationship between demographics, socio-economics, husband's support, and the use of medical operative for women contraceptives device (tubectomy). The research type is inferential research with cross-sectional design. The sample in this study was 40 EFAs, of which 20 EFAs used medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy), and 20 couples of childbearing age used non-medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy). The study results showed that the level of education, age, income, and husbands' motivation are not related to the use of medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy). However, the number of children is related to the use of medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy). The researcher's suggestion is to conduct education-related for pregnancy management so that the people can estimate the number of children, the distance of pregnancy, and the risk of pregnancy.
Salsabila Naim, Yuly Sulistyorini, Yudi Evriyanto, Evi Yuniati
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 121-129; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.121-129

Abstract:
Nearly 15 % of babies worldwide are born with LBW. The proportion of LBW in East Java was 6.61% higher compared to nationwide 6.2% in 2018. The East Java ranked third for the highest IMR in Indonesia, LBW as the most significant cause (42%). One of determinants for birthweight is ANC. The proportion of the first ANC was 88.25%, and the complete ANC was 80.2% in East Java in 2018. The proportion of the province's complete ANC was lower than the national by 95.2%. This research is a secondary quantitative data analytic, sourced from the Health Profiles of East Java Province in 2018. This study aims to describe the strong correlation between LBW and IMR and ANC in the province of East Java using Pearson correlation analytic. The results showed that there was a correlation with influential and unidirectional forces between LBW and IMR. There was a correlation of moderate strength between the complete ANC visit and LBW. There wasn’t significant correlation between the first ANC and LBW. The government in East Java must make solution to increase complete ANC visit by searching the causes factors of low proportion of it.
Natya Ayu Candrika Ramania
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 112-120; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.112-120

Abstract:
Family Planning Program is a government program designed as an effort to control population. The government initially recommends non-hormonal contraception, however in Indonesia, the use of non-hormonal contraception is less desirable by women of childbearing age. Most women of childbearing age in Indonesia prefer to use hormonal contraception. The study was conducted to determine the relationship between age, education, occupation, residential area, number of children alive, health insurance, husband’s support by determining the type of contraception in women of childbearing age in Indonesia. The study utilized secondary data obtained from the 2017 IDHS by using a cross-sectional design. The research sample is subjects who put the last type of contraception in a private midwivery and subjects who use implanted contraception, injections, pills, condoms, and IUD. The sample size in this study was 6,030 subjects. According to the study, several factors were found that showed a relationship with the determination of the type of contraceptives in Indonesia. These factors include age, level of education, employment status, residential area, number of children alive, and health insurance. However, the husband's support factor shows that it has no relationship with determining the type of contraceptives for women of childbearing age in Indonesia.
Kiki Adi Mutiari, Kuntoro Kuntoro
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 87-94; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.87-94

Abstract:
One of the indicators determine the wellness of Family Planning Program is the high number of participants enrolling, or commonly known as the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) and the number of children born known as the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of a maximum of 2 children. There are several regions in East Java where the situation of TFR and CPR does not show the ideal conditions. This shows that there are problems in the current family planning program. This research was conducted to map districts and cities in East Java based on TFR and CPR data respectively in quadrant form. This type of research is on-reactive research which utilizes secondary data from Indonesia - National Socio-Economic Survey in 2015. The research method used is recapitulating data and classifying districts and cities in the form of quadrants by comparing to data on achievement of TFR and CPR in East Java using SPSS. The results of the study have mapped districts and cities in East Java which are described in quadrant form. The regions that need major attention from the government are regions in quadrants I and II. Quadrant III is included in an abnormal condition and quadrant IV is a quadrant that has an area where TFR and CPR conditions are ideal. The conclusions of this study are the areas in quadrant I, namely: Sampang (district), Blitar (city), Blitar (district), Tulungagung (district), Ponorogo (district), Madiun (city), and Pasuruan (city) are the priority in getting the FP program improvements. The advice that can be given is to evaluate the ongoing family planning program to find out the factors that cause the TFR and CPR conditions are not in line with government expectations.
Cempaka Puspita Siwi, Yasmine Nurfirdaus
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 161-170; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.161-170

Abstract:
The success of the Family Planning program can be measured from the ratio of the use of the Long-Term Contraceptive Method by the couples of childbearing age in each region. The approach used in the Family Planning program is a regional approach, so this study aimed to group sub-districts based on the proportion users of the Long-Term Contraceptive Method by couples of childbearing age in Sidoarjo in 2018. This study was non-reactive study, which is a type of research using secondary data. The data source came from the Report of the Office of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection, Family Planning Sidoarjo in 2018. This study used cross-sectional design with the K-Means Clustering model data analysis. The results of this study produced three regional clusters: Cluster 1 with a low success rate sub-districts category with 8 sub-districts; Cluster 2 with a medium success rate category that has 6 subdistrict members; and Cluster 3 with a high success rate category consisting of 4 sub-districts in Sidoarjo. Based on the study results, broad accessibility was needed to obtain information so that the level of the Long-Term Contraceptive Method users in Sidoarjo increases.
Novela Sanderina Rumaropen, Lutfi Agus Salim, Salut Muhidin
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 146-152; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.146-152

Abstract:
Unwanted pregnancy is a world problem. In 2008, there were 208 million pregnancies in the world, and 41% of them were unwanted pregnancy. Cross-national reproductive health studies have indicated that the unwanted pregnancy rates remain substantially high in many developing regions, including in Indonesia (Bearak et al. 2018). Unwanted pregnancies in Indonesia increased from 13.6% in 2012 to 16% in 2015. The high rates of unwanted pregnancies are often linked to the gaps in family planning services such as the effective use of contraceptive methods which is also influenced by family socioeconomic backgrounds such as their occupational status. Using the case study at health clinics of PKBI in East Java, this paper attempts to explore the association or relationship between the risk of unwanted pregnancy among couples of childbearing age (CCA) with their use of contraceptive methods and occupational status. A quantitative method of a case-control research design was applied by using a random sampling technique. The study was 50 women couples of childbearing age (15–45 years), who had unwanted and wanted pregnancies. Simple correlation analysis shows that the association are relatively significant between the occurrence of an unwanted pregnancy with the long-term contraceptive use (p-value = 0.008), and with the employed in occupational status (p-value = 0.027). However, there is no correlation between the unwanted pregnancy occurrence with the short-term contraceptives use (p-value = 0.118). The study concludes that the use of short-term contraceptive methods and the employed status can still affect the risk of unwanted pregnancies, while the effective use of long-term contraceptive method has a vital role in preventing unwanted pregnancies.
, Siti Maizul Habibah, Udin Kurniawan Aziz
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 104-111; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.104-111

Abstract:
Indonesia is one of the countries with the highest percentage of child marriages in the world (rank 37) and the second highest in ASEAN after Cambodia. Government has issued regulations in order to reduce child marriage rates, however the results are still not significant. Economic, social, and cultural factors are significant factors in child marriage phenomenon. This study aims to analyze the relationship between spouses' age, knowledge of Adolescent Reproductive Health, age when first sexual intercourse happened, education, spouses' education, media exposure, wealth quintile index and the age of first marriage for women in East Java. This study is non-functional research using The Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey 2017 (IDHS) data with a sample size as many as 4,491 women whom got married at 15–24 years old. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate techniques. The results of this study prove that the spouses' age, knowledge of Adolescent Reproductive Health, age when first sexual intercourse happened, education, spouses' education, media exposure, wealth quintile index variables are significantly related to the determinants of women's first marriage age in East Java. This study provides recommendations, including revitalizing 8 family functions, strengthening creativity and innovation in the Marriage Age Maturing program, and fostering life skills through training and empowerment programs.
Feri Styaningsih
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 53-61; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.53-61

Abstract:
ARIMA uses present and past values as the dependent variable. The accuracy of the ARIMA forecasting method results is good to be used to obtain short-term forecasts. Compared to other time series methods, the advantage of ARIMA method is that it can be used in the percentage of unmet needs data in East Java Province since ARIMA method does not require any specific data motives. Unmet need is a group of women who do not want to have any more children or want to minimize their pregnancy but refuse to use contraception to prevent pregnancy. This study aims to determine the percentage of unmet needs in East Java Province in the future. This study will analyze the value of forecasting and determine the best model for ARIMA. The data used is the monthly data of unmet needs percentage of East Java Province starting from January 2014 to April 2019 (64 data plots). The results showed that the percentage of the number of unmet needs in East Java Province can be predicted using ARIMA model (12,1,0) without constant. The model is based on ARIMA (12,1,0) diagnostic test without constant meeting all the test requirements. The results of forecasting held a MAPE value of 2.369% and MAE of 0.26%. Based on MAPE and MAE, the model has a very good forecasting ability with a fairly small error value. Forecasting results indicated fluctuations in unmet needs data, where from December 2019 to February 2020 there was an increase in number of unmet needs in East Java Province. In the interim, starting in March 2020, the data needs in East Java Province tend to be constant at a higher position than the previous increase.
Alvin Zulhazmi Priambodo, Mahmudah Mahmudah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 18-26; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.18-26

Abstract:
Forecasting is an important element in planning decision-making related to estimating future events. Forecasting techniques that are often developed and used today are the Time Series. Time series is a measurement of events through the stages of time in hours, days, months, and years format. This research uses the ARIMA time series method. The ARIMA method is used to model acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children. The best model is determined using the smallest error through the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE). The study aims to predict the number of ARI cases in children in Surabaya. This research is an unobtrusive/nonreactive research. The researcher conditioned the subjects to not being aware that the subject is being studied and therefore, left the subject uninterrupted. The data used was the number of ARI cases in children from January 2014 to December 2018. The data was obtained from the monthly report of the Health Information System Unit (HIS) of the Surabaya Health Office. The conclusion from this study showed that the ARIMA method obtained the best model results, namely ARIMA (2,1,2) with a MAPE value of 15.024. Forecasting results fluctuated and a downward trend in the case of ARI children in Surabaya. In certain months, the number of acute respiratory infections has increased significantly, including in February and March.
Deby Novita Sari
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 77-86; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.77-86

Abstract:
Generally, this study aims to describe the characacteristics of modern contraception users in fertile age women in Indonesia. Specifically, this study will examine the effect of the children's sex preferences on the use of modern contraception. Furthermore, the control variables used are age, education taken by the mothers, mothers' working status, marital status, Family Planning Field Officer (Petugas Lapangan Keluarga Berencana/PLKB) visits, and internet usage. The data used in this study was taken from the results of the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2017. Data analysis was using descriptive and inferential analysis. Descriptive analysis used is in the form of a single table and a cross-tabulation, while the inferential analysis used is binary logistic regression. Based on the descriptive analysis results, it can be concluded that 79.35% of fertile age women (15-49 years old) in Indonesia do not have particular sex preference on their children. Moreover, the inferential analysis results with a significance level by 1%, it appears that child's sex preference will reduce the chance of modern contraception use. Women's age, the number of children that safely delivered, marital status, and FPFO visits are having the positive effect on the modern contraception use, while the residential area, education taken, and internet usage are negatively affect the modern contraception use.
Stefanny Surya Nagari, Lilik Inayati
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 62-68; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.62-68

Abstract:
Cluster analysis aims to classify data objects into two categories: objects that are similar in characteristics in one cluster and objects that are different in characteristics with the other objects of another cluster. K-Means is a method included in the distance-based clustering algorithm that starts by determining the number of desired clusters. Malnutrition is one of the biggest concerns in Indonesia. According to Riskesdas 2018 data, as many as 17.7% infants under 60-month-old are still having problems with nutrition intake while 3.9% are having malnutrition. This might result in higher death rate. This research was conducted to classify the nutritional status of infants under 60-month-old conducted by the C-Means Clustering method. This research is non-reactive, using secondary data in Ponkesdes Mayangrejo, Bojonegoro without direct interaction with the subject. This study concluded that the grouping of nutritional status is possible by using K-Means with 4 clusters formed which are 23 malnourished toddlers, 17 undernourished toddlers, 7 nourished toddlers, and 10 over-nourished toddlers.
Armita Mayang Sari
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 27-35; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.27-35

Abstract:
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is a problem in Indonesia that must be addressed in various aspects. New-borns need more attention in fulfilling their intake for growth and development. The best baby intake for early life after childbirth is exclusive breast milk. The importance of the time when breastfeeding is first given is closely related to the success of the Early Breastfeeding Initiation (EBI). Besides being able to handle the problem of infant intake, EBI is useful in strengthening the relationship between mother and child due to the interactions formed during breastfeeding. The goal to be achieved by researchers is to determine factors related to the time when breastfeeding was first given after birth. This type of research is analytic descriptive using the Spearman correlation test and chi-square statistical tests. The data used are secondary data from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) in 2017. The results of the descriptive analysis of the study are that the majority of mothers as respondents gave breastfeeding for the first time immediately at 62.8%. The results of the bivariate analysis of the study are the relationship between maternal parity (p = 0.001 and r = -0.072), infant birth weight (p = 0.03 and r = 0.049), area of residence (p = 0.013) and type of delivery (p = 0.013) p = 0.001) to the time of first breastfeeding.
Saarah Puspita Dewi, Mahmod Bin Othman
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.1-9

Abstract:
An unhealthy environment is a threat that possibly leads to diseases. Consequently, effective environmental monitoring is needed as an effort to improve environmental quality. The basis for implementing the program to determine the fulfilment of environmental health indicators is program targets. Achievements will be compared with program targets as program evaluations to determine the distribution priority areas for improving environmental health indicators. In order to illustrate the coverage of environmental health services by each district or city in East Java Province, K-Means cluster analysis was administered. The objective of cluster analysis application is to determine the regional distribution status based on the environmental health indicators’ achievement in East Java in 2017. This type of research is a descriptive study using non-reactive methods. The data collected was secondary data based on indicators on the Environmental Health Program in 2017. The results of this study illustrated the distribution of environmental health areas in East Java, there are 3 clusters including cluster 1 (high strata) covering 17 districts or cities, where several environmental health indicators had fulfilled the target, cluster 2 (middle strata) covers 16 districts or cities where several environmental health indicators were almost reaching the target. Finally, cluster 3 (lower strata) covers 5 districts, where several environmental health indicators had not been achieved yet. In conclusion, the Environmental Health Program in 2017 at East Java Province was considered quite successful.
Elvira Mustikawati Putri Hermanto
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 44-52; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.44-52

Abstract:
Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is an indicator used to assess maternal health as well as the health status of a country. MMR is a target that must be achieved by Indonesian Government in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2030. The Government of Indonesia has made various efforts to reduce MMR. This study aims to determine the distribution pattern of indicators for improving maternal health by grouping provinces in Indonesia based on the characteristics of maternal health indicators. The variables used are indicators that affect maternal mortality, namely K4 coverage (x1), Td2+ immunization coverage (x2), maternity assisted by health workers in health facilities coverage (x3), post-partum check up coverage (x4), Puskesmas implementing pregnant classes (x5), Puskesmas implementing P4K (x6), participant of KB coverage (x7) in Indonesia in 2017. The grouping methods are Variable Weighting K-Means (VWKM) and Fuzzy C-Means (FCM). The selection of the best grouping results uses the Internal Cluster Dispersion Rate (icdrate). Based on the analysis results, the best grouping is generated by the FCM method. The icdrate value generated by FCM is 0.325 while the icdrate value generated by VWKM is 0.552. FCM produces five groups which can be categorized as groups with maternal health indicator characteristics with very low, low, medium, high, and very high scores. Provinces in a group tend to be geographically close. East Java and Bali are provinces included in the indicator group of very high maternal health. Papua and West Papua fall into the group for maternal health which is very low.
Dinana Izzatul Ulya, Mahmudah Mahmudah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 36-43; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.36-43

Abstract:
Indonesia is a country that has a large population and Family Planning Program was initially designed to control the population. This study aimed to forecast new Family Planning Program participants in the city of Surabaya in 2019 using the decomposition method. This study used secondary data, which is the number of participants for new Family Planning Program in January 2014 to December 2018 (60 plots of data) obtained from the PCWECP Surabaya. The researcher chose decomposition method in this study because decomposition is a one-time series method that has rarely been applied in a research. Based on the results of the study, the number of participants for new Family Planning Program from January to December 2019 was 2,776; 2,663; 2,504; 2,340; 2,440; 1,912; 2,034; 2,291; 2,223; 2,123; 2,123; 2,130 and 2,560 participants. The error value generated by this study is MAPE of 9, MAD of 365, MSD 197,738, and MSE of 2.1675. The best error value is the one that has the smallest value, so the MSE is the best model.
Adelia Dwi Pratiwi, Windhu Purnomo
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 10-17; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.10-17

Abstract:
There were total of 2,100,000 new HIV infections worldwide and 1,500,000 deaths from AIDS recorded in 2013. The total HIV/AIDS cases in 2017 in Sidoarjo reached 476 cases and cumulatively reached 1,245 cases. HIV/AIDS is a well-known topic among teenagers. Teenagers are often associated with physical development in puberty phase which usually followed by sexual development. Furthermore, they also experience changes emotionally and physically which are projected in their behavior and attitude. These circumstances make teenagers prone to the risky behavior towards HIV/AIDS transmission. This study aims to analyze the role of "Paguyuban Peduli HIV/AIDS Sidoarjo" or PARPAS on teenagers' knowledge, attitude, and behavior towards HIV/AIDS prevention. This research is an observational analytic using cross-sectional research design. The population of the study is all students of SMAN 1 Taman and SMAN 1 Sidoarjo, 2,370 students in total. The sampling technique uses simple random sampling and the sample size is 100 students. The result shows that there is correlation between PARPAS role on knowledge and attitude of students' in Sidoarjo towards HIV/AIDS prevention. Nevertheless, there is no correlation between PARPAS role on students' behavior towards HIV/AIDS prevention. Suggestions concluded from the results are including early detection, attempt in joining organization related to HIV/AIDS awareness, and health education given to both students and parents.
Weike Retno Palupi, Lailatul Khusnul Rizki
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 69-76; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v9i1.2020.69-76

Abstract:
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is one of the important indicators in public health. Indonesia still has a relatively high IMR compared to the neighboring countries. Based on the Indonesian Demographic Health Survey (IDHS) in 2012, IMR in East Java reached 25.50 deaths per 1000 births. IMR decline occurred during 2012 to 2015. Achievement depends on the factors that influence it. This study aims to create a model of IMR based on maternal and external factors in East Java. The method used was a non-reactive study using 38 districts/cities as sample units in East Java, which came from Central Bureau of Statistics secondary data in 2015. Statistical analysis used multiple linear regression. The results showed the independent variables together affected the IMR (p-value = 0,000 <0.05), but partially influenced by the age of the first married mother (p-value = 0,000 <0.05) and the helper delivery of non-medical personnel (p-value = 0.014 <0.05). The conclusion of this study is the regression equation model for IMR in East Java in 2015, which is IMR = 1,064 + 1,319 * (age of first marriage) + 0.439 * (helper of non-medical births). Suggestions for the Government of East Java Province to implement strategies so that infant mortality cases can be reduced.
Annisa Dwinda Shafira
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.101-107

Abstract:
The combination of panel data regression consist of time series data, it was collected based on a characteristic at a certain time (cross section). This research aimed to analyze the affecting factors and dominant factors of Dengue Hemoragic Fever (DHF) cases in East Java using panel data regression. This research uses secondary data published by the East Java Provincial Health Office, namely the Health Profile and the East Java Provincial Statistics Agency such as documents of each Districts/City in Numbers of East Java on 2014––2017 using total research population that were collected in all districts/cities in East Java Province. The data of new cases of DHF and factors affecting the incidence of DHF including clean and healthy living behavior in the household, poverty, population density, rainfall in East Java on 2014––2017. Panel regression analysis is used to determine the best model of the CEM, FEM and REM using Chow test, Hausman test and Langrange Multiplier test. Based on the results, the best model of panel regression is FEM with affecting variables such as poverty, population density, and rainfall.
Siti Rohmatun Ni'Mah, Soenarnatalina Melaniani
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 165-173; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.165-173

Abstract:
One of the management of health information systems are reported and processed like data regarding coverage of K4 pregnant women. The coverage visited of pregnant women Surabaya in 2017 is 98.55% of 47,104 pregnant women. That indicator has been used assess maternal and child health services. This can be identified by the completed coverage of antenatal care (supply service standards and keeping the time set), which describes the ability of management or continuity of the maternal and child health program. The study was carried out to describe the trend of the coverage report system K4 pregnant woman visits at the Surabaya City Health Office in 2015–2017. This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approachment, the data used by secondary data from the Surabaya City Health Profile Report from 2015 to 2017. The data were based on coverage of K4 pregnant women from 2015 to 2017, there are several publiic health centers with report trends visits to K4 pregnant women which tend to declined and less than the target of 98.45% that have been fixed in the Strategic Plan of Surabaya City Health Office. Three health center whose trend of data has decreased from 2014–2017 are Tembok Dukuh Health Center, Simokerto Health Center, and Menur Health Center. This is due to an error in the reporting mechanism both in data input, data processing, and output, it is necessary to develop an infoormation system for recording and reporting on maternal health services, especially for pregnant women and evaluating reports on K4 pregnant women's visits.
Wulan Angraini, Bintang Agustina Pratiwi, Henni Febriawati, Riska Yanuarti, Betri Anita, Oktarianita Oktarianita
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 183-191; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.183-191

Abstract:
Bengkulu Tengah is one of the Regencies in Bengkulu Province with the highest number of marriages in the early age compared to the other nine regencies/cities, which amounted to 29.12 percent. This study aims to determine the factors that influence early marriage in Bengkulu Tengah District. This type of research is quantitative, the population were all married couples in January-September 2017. Sampling using Propotional Random Sampling technique with a total sample of 237 people. Data was collected using a valid and reliable questionnaire then analyzed using univariate and multivariabel analysis (Multiple Linear Regression Test). The result show that youngest age of marriage is 15 years, lowest income Rp 100,000, youngest menarche age 10 years, average knowledge score 6.19, attitude 29.43, media exposure 1.63, influence of friend 5, parental support 2.23, stigma 4.29. The factors that influence the occurrence of early marriage are knowledge, Age of Menarche, and Media (p value < 0.05). The age of Menarche is the most influential factor in the age of marriage. The younger the age of menarche, the younger the age of one's marriage. It is better for teens who have experienced menstruation to maintain their reproductive health by delaying marriage in their teens.
Moch. Fitriawan Eka Saputra, Muhammad Rizky
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 138-145; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.138-145

Abstract:
The ARIMA method is an approach that forms the most powerful model in analyzing time series data, and the studies given are very thorough. This method can be modeling data stationary or not stationary, it can be seen from sine wave shape of the plot ACF. This method is used because obtained the results are better and more accurate. According to WHO, Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is an infectious disease that causes can be morbidity and mortality. A four million people die each year. This study used secondary data so that it is categorized as non reactive research. The population were cases of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) at Jagir Health Center Surabaya which were recorded in 2013 to 2018 (monthly). The dependent variable is the cases of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), while the independent variable is time. The model that was obtained from the ARIMA method is a model (2.0,1). The forecasting result is 354 cases in 2019, the forecasting has increased from 2018 to only 313 cases. It was a suggestion that the forecasting result can be a reference for developing a policy and a new program or improvement in previous program so that the number cases of ARI at the Jagir Health Center can be resolved properly.
Samara Rahma Dania, Lutfi Agus Salim
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 155-164; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.155-164

Abstract:
One of adolescence’s problems is uncontrolable sexual drive. It was expected that the students of Islamic boarding school have a sexual driving better than students of common school. But, sexuality problem among boarding school’s student is similar with student in common school. Good sexual driving can protect the students from negative impacts of sexual activity. Sexual driving is influenced by parent’s role and student activity. This study aimed to analyse the relationship between parent’s role and student activity with sexual driving of female student in islamic boarding school in Sukoharjo City. The research was taken on April, 2019. The subjects were 107 students in the age of 10–18 who study at Madrasah Aliyah (MA) Pondok Pesantren X andY, Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Research method is cross-sectional. Sampling technique was stratified random sampling, whereas data collection technique is interview using questionnaire. The data were a analyzed with chi-square (p value < 0,005). The result showed that parent’s role has significant relationship with sexual driving (p value < 0,005), whereas activity do not have relationship with sexual driving (p value > 0,05). Parent’s role was giving direction to their children to have good behavior. Student who has good faith will avoid something that prohibited in Islam. Although student of Islamic Boarding School has leisure time, regulation of Islamic boarding school makes them are avoided from negative sexual activity.
Desy Yuanita Nugroho, Arief Wibowo
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 109-119; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.108-117

Abstract:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in East Java was not only occurred in urban areas. This is due to the population mobility and sexual lifestyles. This study aimed to classify districts/cities in East Java used Cluster K-Means analysis based on the number of high risk population that living with HIV. This study was an observational study with an analytical method. The secondary data was taken from HIV and PIMS Situation Report of the East Java Provincial Health in 2017. This study obtained 3 optimal clusters, which were 4 districts/cities in cluster 1 named alert category, 24 districts/cities in cluster 2 named standby category and 10 districts/cities in cluster 3 named alert category. Proposed suggestions based on this study were prioritized early HIV test and counseling, provided adequate care, support and treatment for people living with HIV.
Wulan Angraini, Bintang Agustina Pratiwi, Henni Febriawati, Riska Yanuarti, Betri Anita, Oktarianita Oktarianita
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 183-191; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.178-185

Abstract:
Bengkulu Tengah is one of the Regencies in Bengkulu Province with the highest number of marriages in the early age compared to the other nine regencies/cities, which amounted to 29.12 percent. This study aims to determine the factors that influence early marriage in Bengkulu Tengah District. This type of research is quantitative, the population were all married couples in January-September 2017. Sampling using Propotional Random Sampling technique with a total sample of 237 people. Data was collected using a valid and reliable questionnaire then analyzed using univariate and multivariabel analysis (Multiple Linear Regression Test). The result show that youngest age of marriage is 15 years, lowest income Rp 100,000, youngest menarche age 10 years, average knowledge score 6.19, attitude 29.43, media exposure 1.63, influence of friend 5, parental support 2.23, stigma 4.29. The factors that influence the occurrence of early marriage are knowledge, Age of Menarche, and Media (p value < 0.05). The age of Menarche is the most influential factor in the age of marriage. The younger the age of menarche, the younger the age of one's marriage. It is better for teens who have experienced menstruation to maintain their reproductive health by delaying marriage in their teens.
Siti Rohmatun Ni'mah, Soenarnatalina Melaniani
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 165-173; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.161-169

Abstract:
One of the management of health information systems are reported and processed like data regarding coverage of K4 pregnant women. The coverage visited of pregnant women Surabaya in 2017 is 98.55% of 47,104 pregnant women. That indicator has been used assess maternal and child health services. This can be identified by the completed coverage of antenatal care (supply service standards and keeping the time set), which describes the ability of management or continuity of the maternal and child health program. The study was carried out to describe the trend of the coverage report system K4 pregnant woman visits at the Surabaya City Health Office in 2015–2017. This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approachment, the data used by secondary data from the Surabaya City Health Profile Report from 2015 to 2017. The data were based on coverage of K4 pregnant women from 2015 to 2017, there are several publiic health centers with report trends visits to K4 pregnant women which tend to declined and less than the target of 98.45% that have been fixed in the Strategic Plan of Surabaya City Health Office. Three health center whose trend of data has decreased from 2014–2017 are Tembok Dukuh Health Center, Simokerto Health Center, and Menur Health Center. This is due to an error in the reporting mechanism both in data input, data processing, and output, it is necessary to develop an infoormation system for recording and reporting on maternal health services, especially for pregnant women and evaluating reports on K4 pregnant women's visits.
Febrianti Qisti Arrum Bayumi, Lucia Yovita Hendrati
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 120-128; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.118-125

Abstract:
Injuries due to traffic accidents were ranked eighth as health problem that caused deaths in several countries. Many traffic accidents occur in Africa and Southeast Asia with mortality rate of 26.6 and 20.7 deaths per 100,000 populations in 2016. East Java Province was ranked second as the location of traffic accidents on Java. Surabaya was ranked fifth as a contributor to the large number of road traffic accidents in East Java. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between parents’ authoritarian parenting and the experience of teenage traffic accidents while riding a motorcycle. This research is a cross sectional study and uses two stage random sampling method. From the sampling process, as many as 222 students were obtained as respondents. The instrument used in this study consists of personal data and the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) to identify parenting style. Data analysis was carried out by logistic regression test with α= 5%. The data collection process was carried out during April-October 2017 in public and private high school in Surabaya. Logistic regression test results showed that there is no significant impact between parenting style and traffic accidents experienced by respondents (authoritarian p = 0.966; OR = 0.967, permissive p = 0.616; OR = 1.556). The conclusion of this study is that traffic accidents are not directly affected by parenting style, but it has role in forming individual characteristics, such as decision making and driving attitudes.
Yonita Dyah Puji Dwiningtias, Mahmudah Mahmudah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 174-182; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.170-177

Abstract:
The Human Development Index (HDI) is an index used to determine the level of quality of human life. HDI became a trend because all local governments are competing to increase the value of their regional HDI. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the HDI of districts/cities in East Java Province in 2017 using the logit model ordinal regression approach. This type of research is a non reactive study using secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency and the East Java Province Health Office in 2017. The study population is all districts/cities of East Java Province. The total research analysis unit was 38 districts/cities. The dependent variable of the study is low, medium, high and very high HDI. The independent variable of the study is the percentage of households behaving clean and healthy, student-teacher ratio (high school level) and open unemployment rate. The results of the analysis using the logit model ordinal regression test (α = 5%) prove there is an influence between the open unemployment rate variable (p = 0.006; β = 0.790) on the HDI. The variable percentage of households behaving clean and healthy and student-teacher ratio (high school level) has no effect on HDI. Both central and regional governments are expected to be able to improve human development in all sectors, especially health, education and the economy.
Nur Fauzia Laily Mubarokah, Hari Basuki Notobroto, Primayanti Primayanti
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 146-154; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.142-150

Abstract:
Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) is a disease that occurs in many developing countries and also on the list of 10 most diseases in hospitals. This study aims to analyze the information system of ARI Reporting Program in Surabaya. Reporting on ARI cases is a surveillance of the disease. If many cases reported, it is better than only a few cases reported. This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Based on the results of the interview with the informant, it was stated that the ARI reporting program had helped in recording ARI cases that occurred in Surabaya. File formats that are still manual and not integrated with the internet (online) make sending reports longer. Even if you implement an integrated online, data entry only needs to be done once so that the same data will be stored electronically and can be sent and processed. In addition, in the excel file ARI reporting program, there are several output menus that can be used as a result of the description of ARI cases. However, the output was underutilized so that less case monitoring was implemented to reduce the number of ARI / Pneumonia cases that occurred in Surabaya. The conclusion is the ARI reporting program is very helpful in the process of data collection of ARI cases, but it would be better if they use the type of online computerization management and better utilize the graphical output of the ARI reporting program.
Desy Yuanita Nugroho, Arief Wibowo
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 109-119; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.109-119

Abstract:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in East Java was not only occurred in urban areas. This is due to the population mobility and sexual lifestyles. This study aimed to classify districts/cities in East Java used Cluster K-Means analysis based on the number of high risk population that living with HIV. This study was an observational study with an analytical method. The secondary data was taken from HIV and PIMS Situation Report of the East Java Provincial Health in 2017. This study obtained 3 optimal clusters, which were 4 districts/cities in cluster 1 named alert category, 24 districts/cities in cluster 2 named standby category and 10 districts/cities in cluster 3 named alert category. Proposed suggestions based on this study were prioritized early HIV test and counseling, provided adequate care, support and treatment for people living with HIV.
Annisa Dwinda Shafira
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.101-108

Abstract:
The combination of panel data regression consist of time series data, it was collected based on a characteristic at a certain time (cross section). This research aimed to analyze the affecting factors and dominant factors of Dengue Hemoragic Fever (DHF) cases in East Java using panel data regression. This research uses secondary data published by the East Java Provincial Health Office, namely the Health Profile and the East Java Provincial Statistics Agency such as documents of each Districts/City in Numbers of East Java on 2014––2017 using total research population that were collected in all districts/cities in East Java Province. The data of new cases of DHF and factors affecting the incidence of DHF including clean and healthy living behavior in the household, poverty, population density, rainfall in East Java on 2014––2017. Panel regression analysis is used to determine the best model of the CEM, FEM and REM using Chow test, Hausman test and Langrange Multiplier test. Based on the results, the best model of panel regression is FEM with affecting variables such as poverty, population density, and rainfall.
Nur Fauzia Laily Mubarokah, Hari Basuki Notobroto, Primayanti Primayanti
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 146-154; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.146-154

Abstract:
Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) is a disease that occurs in many developing countries and also on the list of 10 most diseases in hospitals. This study aims to analyze the information system of ARI Reporting Program in Surabaya. Reporting on ARI cases is a surveillance of the disease. If many cases reported, it is better than only a few cases reported. This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Based on the results of the interview with the informant, it was stated that the ARI reporting program had helped in recording ARI cases that occurred in Surabaya. File formats that are still manual and not integrated with the internet (online) make sending reports longer. Even if you implement an integrated online, data entry only needs to be done once so that the same data will be stored electronically and can be sent and processed. In addition, in the excel file ARI reporting program, there are several output menus that can be used as a result of the description of ARI cases. However, the output was underutilized so that less case monitoring was implemented to reduce the number of ARI / Pneumonia cases that occurred in Surabaya. The conclusion is the ARI reporting program is very helpful in the process of data collection of ARI cases, but it would be better if they use the type of online computerization management and better utilize the graphical output of the ARI reporting program.
Yonita Dyah Puji Dwiningtias, Mahmudah Mahmudah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 174-182; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.174-182

Abstract:
The Human Development Index (HDI) is an index used to determine the level of quality of human life. HDI became a trend because all local governments are competing to increase the value of their regional HDI. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the HDI of districts/cities in East Java Province in 2017 using the logit model ordinal regression approach. This type of research is a non reactive study using secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency and the East Java Province Health Office in 2017. The study population is all districts/cities of East Java Province. The total research analysis unit was 38 districts/cities. The dependent variable of the study is low, medium, high and very high HDI. The independent variable of the study is the percentage of households behaving clean and healthy, student-teacher ratio (high school level) and open unemployment rate. The results of the analysis using the logit model ordinal regression test (α = 5%) prove there is an influence between the open unemployment rate variable (p = 0.006; β = 0.790) on the HDI. The variable percentage of households behaving clean and healthy and student-teacher ratio (high school level) has no effect on HDI. Both central and regional governments are expected to be able to improve human development in all sectors, especially health, education and the economy.
Intan Laraswati, Diah Indriani
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 129-137; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.129-137

Abstract:
Pre-eclampsia is the third highest cause of death in pregnant women. Symptoms of pre-eclampsia can be identified by the presence of hypertension, proteinuria and edema during pregnancy until postpartum. Pre-eclampsia cannot be identified with certain risk factors, and cannot be prevented. Pre-eclampsia can be detected early using the pre-eclampsia screening method with sonography. The sonographic device used is referred to as DVAUt ultrasound (Uterine Artery Doppler Velocimetry Ultrasonography). This studying an analytic observational research with a cross sectional study design. The population was all pregnant women who examined at the Mulyorejo primary health center in 2013 until the first quarter of 2018. The sampling technique was consecutive sampling with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The number of samples obtained is 496 data. The study aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the pre-eclampsia screening method using DVAUt ultrasound in detecting the tendency of pregnant women to experience pre-eclampsia. The data were analyzed of sensitivity and specificity and the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve with p <0.001. P1GF / sFlt-1 (Gold standard) biomaker test sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 90%. The results of this study were the sensitivity of pre-eclampsia screening at 99.7% and specificity of 81.9%. The ROC method obtained the results of pre-eclampsia screening using DVAUt ultrasound has a high sensitivity and specificity in detecting the tendency of pregnant women to experience pre-eclampsia. Suggestions for research to refresh knowledge and procedures for conducting pre-eclampsia screening checks.
Samara Rahma Dania, Lutfi Agus Salim
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.151-160

Abstract:
One of adolescence’s problems is uncontrolable sexual drive. It was expected that the students of Islamic boarding school have a sexual driving better than students of common school. But, sexuality problem among boarding school’s student is similar with student in common school. Good sexual driving can protect the students from negative impacts of sexual activity. Sexual driving is influenced by parent’s role and student activity. This study aimed to analyse the relationship between parent’s role and student activity with sexual driving of female student in islamic boarding school in Sukoharjo City. The research was taken on April, 2019. The subjects were 107 students in the age of 10–18 who study at Madrasah Aliyah (MA) Pondok Pesantren X andY, Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Research method is cross-sectional. Sampling technique was stratified random sampling, whereas data collection technique is interview using questionnaire. The data were a analyzed with chi-square (p value < 0,005). The result showed that parent’s role has significant relationship with sexual driving (p value < 0,005), whereas activity do not have relationship with sexual driving (p value > 0,05). Parent’s role was giving direction to their children to have good behavior. Student who has good faith will avoid something that prohibited in Islam. Although student of Islamic Boarding School has leisure time, regulation of Islamic boarding school makes them are avoided from negative sexual activity.
Moch. Fitriawan Eka Saputra, Muhammad Rizky
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v8i2.2019.134-141

Abstract:
The ARIMA method is an approach that forms the most powerful model in analyzing time series data, and the studies given are very thorough. This method can be modeling data stationary or not stationary, it can be seen from sine wave shape of the plot ACF. This method is used because obtained the results are better and more accurate. According to WHO, Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is an infectious disease that causes can be morbidity and mortality. A four million people die each year. This study used secondary data so that it is categorized as non reactive research. The population were cases of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) at Jagir Health Center Surabaya which were recorded in 2013 to 2018 (monthly). The dependent variable is the cases of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), while the independent variable is time. The model that was obtained from the ARIMA method is a model (2.0,1). The forecasting result is 354 cases in 2019, the forecasting has increased from 2018 to only 313 cases. It was a suggestion that the forecasting result can be a reference for developing a policy and a new program or improvement in previous program so that the number cases of ARI at the Jagir Health Center can be resolved properly.
Page of 3
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top