Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Gorontalo Journal of Public Health: 29

(searched for: journal_id:(4142211))
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
, Herlina S Sunuh
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 3, pp 15-22; doi:10.32662/gjph.v3i1.919

Abstract:
Environmental factors, birth weight and food intake can influence the incidence of stunting. The prevalence of stunting in toddlers in Central Sulawesi Province in 2015 was very short by 11.4% and short by 23.9%. 2-16 very short categories by 10.2% and short categories by 21.8%. 2017 the very short category was 14.0% and the short category was 22.1%. The purpose of this research was to know handwashing with soap, treating drinking water and food related to stunting in Central Sulawesi. The type of research was analytic with the approach of cross sectional survey with a sample 289 people in 4 (four) Regency Areas (Banggai, Donggala, Sigi and Palu). Data processing and analysis include univariate and bivariate were used chi square test. Results of 289 respondents carry out handwasing with soap 176 (60.9%), not carry out handwasing with soap activity 113 (39.1%), statistical test obtained p value = 0.000. Treating drinking water and food 270 (93.4%), not treating clean water and food only 19 (6.6%), stunting status 133 (46.0%), not stunting 155 (56.0%), statistical test obtained p value = 0.001. Conclusion There was a relationship between hand washing with soap, treating drinking water and food with stunting in Central Sulawesi.Faktor lingkungan, berat badan lahir dan asupan makanan dapat mempengaruhi kejadian stunting. Prevalensi stunting pada balita di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah tahun 2015 kategori sangat pendek sebesar 11.4% dan pendek sebesar 23.9%. 2-16 kategori sangat pendek sebesar 10.2% dan kategori pendek sebesar 21,8%. 2017 kategori sangat pendek sebesar 14.0% dan kategori pendek sebesar 22.1%. Tujuan penelitian adalah diketahuinya cuci tangan pakai sabun (CTPS), mengelola air minum dan makanan berhubungan dengan stunting di Sulawesi Tengah. Jenis penelitian adalah analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional survey dengan sampel berjumlah 289 orang di 4 (empat) daerah Kabupaten (Banggai, Donggala, Sigi dan Palu). Pengolahan dan analisis data meliputi univariat, Bivariat menggunakan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dari 289 responden melaksanakan CTPS 176 (60,.9%), tidak CTPS 113 (39,1%), Uji statistik diperoleh nilai p = 0,000. Sudah mengelola air minum dan makanan 270 (93,4%), tidak mengelola air bersih dan makanan 19 (6,6%), status gizi stunting 133 (46,0%), tidak stunting 155 (56,0%), uji statistik diperoleh nilai p = 0,001. Kesimpulan ada hubungan cuci tangan pakai sabun, pengelolaan air minum dan makanan dengan stunting di Sulawesi Tengah.
, Roza Mulyani
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 3, pp 1-7; doi:10.32662/gjph.v3i1.918

Abstract:
School children are important objectives in improving the nutritional status of society. Nutritional status one of them is influenced by protein consumption. Fish is a good source of protein for the growth period and low fish consumption in elementary school students is a problem caused by various factors. This research was to know the pattern of fish consumption with nutritional status in the school children in the Gulf of Pandan Coastal Regency Pesawaran. Research was used cross-sectional research study. The research was conducted at Teluk Pandan Coast Elementary School in August-September 2019. Samples in this study were children of V and VI classes as many as 111 students. Data analysis using chi-square test.The results was showed that the level of protein intake (p = 0.040) was association with the nutritional status while the amount of fish consumption (p = 0.599), the frequency of fish consumption (p = 0.954), the proportion of fish protein consumption (P = 0.076) were not related with nutritional status. The school can utilize media such as posters that contain the importance of consuming fish in school children and include material about the importance of protein intake and fish proteins into physical and sports education subjects and campaigning for the "love to eat fish" slogan. Parents make fish processed with a variety of menu variations so that children can prefer fish.Anak sekolah merupakan sasaran penting dalam perbaikan status gizi masyarakat. Status gizi salah satunya dipengaruhi oleh konsumsi protein. Ikan merupakan sumber protein yang baik untuk masa pertumbuhan dan rendahnya konsumsi ikan pada siswa Sekolah Dasar merupakan masalah yang disebabkan oleh berbagai faktor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pola konsumsi ikan dengan status gizi pada anak sekolah di Pesisir Teluk Pandan Kabupaten Pesawaran. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SDN Pesisir Teluk Pandan pada bulan Agustus-September 2019. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah anak kelas V dan VI sebanyak 111 siswa. Analisa data menggunakan uji chi-square test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan antara tingkat asupan protein (p = 0.040) dengan status gizi dantidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara jumlah konsumsi ikan (p = 0.599), frekuensi konsumsi ikan (p = 0.954), proporsi konsumsi protein ikan (p = 0.076) dengan status gizi. Pihak sekolah dapat memanfaatkan media seperti poster yang berisikan tentang pentingnya mengonsumsi ikan pada anak sekolah dan memasukkan materi tentang pentingnya asupan protein dan protein ikan kedalam mata pelajaran pendidikan jasmani dan olahraga serta mengkampanyekan kembali slogan “gemar makan ikan”. Orang tua murid membuat olahan ikan dengan berbagai variasi menu sehingga anak lebih bisa menyukai ikan.
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 3, pp 23-31; doi:10.32662/gjph.v3i1.850

Abstract:
UNICEF and WHO data showed that exclusive breastfeeding can reduce infant morbidity and mortality by 88%. The coverage of exclusively breastfeeding infants was 61.33%, the highest percentage was in West Nusa Tenggara (87.35%) and the lowest percentage was in Papua (15.32%). Exclusive breastfeeding is given when the baby is born until the age of 6 months. In Indonesia there are 31.36% of 37.94% of children sick because they do not receive exclusive breastfeeding. Aim of this study to determine the relationship of knowledge, work, and family support with the behavior of exclusive breastfeeding health center working area Bekasi City. This study was a cross sectional approach with a sample of 130 respondents. The sampling in this study using simple random sampling technique, analyzed by the chi square test conducted in July 2019 to April 2020. Results of this study there were 96 respondents (73.8%) mothers who did not provide exclusive breastfeeding and 34 resondents (26.2%) mothers who give exclusive breastfeeding to their babies. There was a significant relationship between knowledge (p = 0,000 and PR = 1,588), employment (p = 0,000 and PR = 1,995), family support (p = 0,001 and PR = 1,514) with exclusive breastfeeding health center working area Bekasi. It was concluded that knowledge, employment, and family support were related to exclusive breastfeeding. It was recommended for health workers to create innovations and new programs to increase exclusive breastfeeding, and in the family level should provide support for exclusive breastfeeding practices.Berdasarkan data UNICEF dan juga data WHO pemberian ASI eksklusif dapat menurunkan angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi lebih dari 88%. Cakupan bayi yang mendapat ASI eksklusif sebesar 61,33%, persentase tertinggi terdapat pada Nusa Tenggara Barat (87,35%) dan persentase terendah terdapat di Papua (15,32%). ASI eksklusif diberikan saat bayi mulai dilahirkan sampai pada usia 6 bulan. Di Indonesia terdapat 31,36% dari 37,94% anak yang sakit dikarenakan tidak dapat menerima ASI eksklusif. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan, pekerjaan dan dukungan keluarga dengan perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bekasi. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional, dengan besar sampel sebanyak 130 responden. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan teknik simple random sampling, dan analisis data menggunakan uji chis-quare yang dilakukan pada bulan Juli 2019 sampai April 2020. Hasil penelitian terdapat 96 (73,8%) ibu yang tidak memberikan ASI eksklusif dan 34 responden (26,2%) yang telah memberikan ASI eksklusif kepada bayinya. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan (p = 0,000 dan PR = 1,588), pekerjaan (p = 0,000 dan PR = 1,995) dan dukungan keluarga (p = 0,001 dan PR = 1,514) dengan perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kota Bekasi. Disimpulkan bahwa pengetahuan, pekerjaan, dan dukungan keluarga berhubungan dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Disarankan untuk petugas kesehatan membuat inovasi dan program baru untuk meningkatkan pemberian ASI eksklusif, dan pada tingkat keluarga kiranya memberikan dukungan terhadap pemberian ASI eksklusif.
Ni Luh Putu Devhy, Anak Agung Gde Oka Widana
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 3, pp 32-40; doi:10.32662/gjph.v3i1.932

Abstract:
Pictorial health warnings (PHW)) and local regulations non-smoking areas (NSA) are among the government's efforts to reduce the prevalence of smoking. This study aims to describe adolescent opinions about PHW and Perda involving 158 samples. The sample was chosen by random sampling, the sample was teenagers who sat in junior high school. Data collection was done through structured interviews using questionnaires that have been tested before then analyzed descriptively. The average results of respondents were 13 years old, 57.6% were women and 42.4% were men. 93% of respondents already knew of PHW and 89.2% saw PKB within 30 days. 94.9% of respondents said that PWH made them concerned about the dangers of smoking, 94.3% of respondents believed that PWH was more effective than written health warnings, and 97.5% of respondents supported implementing PWH. 90.5% of respondents knew about the NSA regulation, 98.1% of respondents knew that schools were the NSA regional regulation area, 97.5% respondents supported the implementation of the NSA regulation in all public areas, 97.5% of respondents supported the government in enforcing the local regulation NSA in the room. In this study the five most frightening PWH images according to adolescents in the first position are lung cancer PWH. The results showed positive opinions and obtained support from adolescents to the regional regulation on smoke free area and PHW, so this can be used to develop a cigarette hazard control program.Peringatan kesehatan bergambar (PKB) dan peraturan daerah (PERDA) Kawasan tanpa rokok (KTR) merupakan salah satu upaya pemerintah yang dilakukan untuk menurunkan prevalensi merokok. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan opini remaja tentang PKB dan Perda yang melibatkan 158 sampel. Sampel dipilih secara random sampling, sampel merupakan remaja yang duduk dibangku SMP. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara terstruktur dengan menggunakan kuisioner yang telah diuji sebelumnya kemudian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rerata responden berusia 13 tahun, 57,6% adalah perempuan dan 42,4% adalah laki-laki. 93% responden sudah tahu adanya PKB dan 89,2% melihat PKB dalam 30 hari. 94,9% responden mengatakan bahwa PKB membuat mereka peduli terhadap bahaya merokok, 94,3% responden percaya bahwa PKB lebih efektif daripada peringatan kesehatan berupa tulisan, dan 97,5% responden mendukung PKB implementasi PKB. 90,5% responden sudah tahu adanya Perda KTR, 98,1% responden sudah tahu di sekolah merupakan kawasan Perda KTR, 97,5% reponden mendukung implementasi Perda KTR di semua area tempat umum, 97,5% responden mendukung pemerintah dalam menegakkan Perda KTR di dalam ruangan. Pada penelitian ini kelima gambar PKB yang paling menakutkan menurut remaja pada posisi pertama adalah PKB kanker paru. Hasil menunjukkan opini yang positif dan didapatkan dukungan remaja terhadap Perda KTR dan PKB, maka hal ini dapat digunakan untuk pengembangan program pengendalian bahaya rokok.
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 3, pp 8-14; doi:10.32662/gjph.v3i1.914

Abstract:
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is an endemic disease of Tangerang City with fluctuating case month by month. DHF is a disease that caused by dengue virus and transmitted by Ae. Aegypti, and also have relation with climate variability conditions. This research is using secondary data with ecological study design by using time series, to see the correlations between climate variability (temperature, precipitation and humidity) with hemorarhagic dengue fever cases in Tangerang City in the period 2004-2013. This research was using univariate analysis method and bivariate analysis with correlation and linear regression. This study revealed that significant correlation between dengue hemorrhagic fever cases with climate variability; in moderate correlation which correlation between dengue hemorrhagic fever with temperature has coefficient correlation 0,314 and p = 0.004; correlation between dengue hemorrhagic fever with precipitation has coefficient correlation 0,355 and p = 0.000; and correlation between dengue hemorrhagic fever with humidity has coefficient correlation 0,298 and p = 0.002. Strong correlations can be seen with a short period by year. Significant relationship on climate variability (temperature, rainfall and humidity) with the incidence of DHF period of 10 years (2004-2013) with moderate closeness.Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) merupakan penyakit yang endemis di Kota Tangerang dengan kejadian yang berfluktuasi per bulannya. Penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus dengue yang ditularkan oleh nyamuk Ae. aegypti ini akan tinggi ketika musim penghujan tiba dan akan berangsur-angsur menurun ketika tidak musim penghujan. Dengan menggunakan data sekunder yang tersedia, penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi ekologi, berdasarkan urutan waktu (time series) untuk melihat adakah hubungan antara variabilitas iklim (suhu, curah hujan dan kelembaban) dengan kejadian demam berdarah dengue di Kota Tangerang. Analisis yang digunakan adalah univariat dengan menggunakan distribusi frekuensi dan analisis bivariat dengan uji korelasi dan regresi linear. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dinyatakan bahwa adanya hubungan yang bermakna antara kejadian demam berdarah dengue dengan variabilitas iklim dengan keeratan hubungan yang sedang yaitu pada hubungan antara kejadian demam berdarah dengue dengan suhu memiliki koefesien korelasi 0,314 dan nilai p = 0,004; hubungan antara kejadian demam berdarah dengue dengan curah hujan memiliki koefesien korelasi 0,355 dan nilai p = 0,000; dan hubungan antara kejadian demam berdarah dengue dengan kelembaban memiliki koefesien korelasi 0,298 dan p = 0,002. Hubungan yang erat dapat dilihat dengan periode waktu yang pendek yaitu per tahun. Hubungan yang bermakna pada variabilitas iklim (suhu, curah hujan dan kelembaban) dengan kejadian DBD periode 10 tahun (2004-2013) dengan keeratan sedang.
, Marselia Sandalayuk
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 3, pp 41-50; doi:10.32662/gjph.v3i1.892

Abstract:
Yellow pumpkin is a commodity that is easily damaged so it needs for off harvest handling including preservation and processing. This study was aimed to determine the carbohydrate, protein content of pumpkin flour and get the best formulation in making cookies from pumpkin flour. The research method used was true experimental design using with completely randomized design (CRD) with variations in the addition of pumpkin flour in the treatment of P0 (60 gr), P1 (100 gr), P2 (150 gr), P3 (150 gr), P4 (250 gr) with two replications. Based on the results of the cookie test, the highest carbohydrate content in P0 treatment was 59.12% in treatment 1 and 57.61% in treatment 2 while the lowest in P4 treatment was 51.36% in replication 1 and 51.83% in replications 2, analysis of variance showed that carbohydrates in cookies significantly affected with addition of pumpkin flour, based on further analysis Duncan's test results (p < 0.00). Protein analysis test results showed that the highest protein content in treatment P4 was 8.44% replications 1 and 7.46% in replications 2, while the lowest in treatment P0 was 7.17% replications 1 and 7.44% in replications 2, analysis the variance showed that the protein in cookies had a very significant effect on the addition of pumpkin flour, based on further analysis Duncan's test results (p < 0.00). It was concluded that the addition of pumpkin flour significantly affected in carbohydrate and protein levels in cookies.Labu kuning adalah komoditas yang mudah rusak sehingga perlu adanya penanganan lepas panen termasuk pengawetan dan pengolahan.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan karbohidrat, protein dari tepung labu kuning serta mendapatkan formulasi terbaik dalam pembuatan cookies dari tepung labu kuning. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah true experimental design menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan variasi penambahan tepung labu kuning pada perlakuan P0 (60 gr), P1 (100 gr), P2 (150 gr), P3 (200 gr), P4 (250 gr) dengan perlakuan dua kali ulangan. Berdasarkan hasil uji kue cookies menunjukkan kandungan karobohidat tertinggi pada perlakuan P0 sebesar 59,12% pada pengulangan 1 dan 57,61% pada pengulangan 2 sedangkan terendah pada perlakuan P4 sebesar 51,36% pada pengulangan 1 dan 51,83% pada pengulangan 2, analisa sidik ragam menunjukkan bahwa karbohidrat pada cookies berpengaruh nyata terhadap penambahan tepung labu kuning, berdasarkan hasil uji lanjut Duncan (p < 0,00). Hasil uji analisa protein menunjukkan bahwa kandungan protein tertinggi pada perlakuan P4 sebesar 8,44% pengulangan 1 dan 7,46% pada pengulangan 2, sedangkan terendah pada perlakuan P0 sebesar 7,17% pengulangan 1 dan 7,44% pada pengulangan 2, analisa sidik ragam menunjukkan bahwa protein pada kue cookies berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap penambahan tepung labu kuning, berdasarkan hasil uji lanjut Duncan (p < 0,00). Disimpulkan bahwa penambahan tepung labu kuning berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar karbohidrat dan protein pada cookies.
Firdausi Ramadhani, Ririh Yudhastuti, Sri Widati
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 139-145; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i2.584

Abstract:
Based on data from Bangkalan District health profile in 2010, total DHF cases were 709 cases. In 2011 there was a decline in cases, namely 226 people and one person died. In 2012 there was a surge in 397 cases and six people were declared dead (Bangkalan District Health Profile 2010-2012). Bangkalan District Health Office has sought various programs to deal with dengue cases. This study aims to determine the knowledge and implementation of the Eradication of Mosquito Nests. Using qualitative methods with a case study approach. Data collection was carried out during the period of April-June 2017. The population is in part of the community living in Kamal Sub-district. Data was collected through interviews with housewives from Kamal Village, community leaders and Puskesmas officers. From the results of the study it was found that public knowledge about 3M Plus DHF and PSN was still low. Communities are more familiar with fogging and larvacide to combat dengue than the 3M Plus PSN program. The low implementation of 3M Plus PSN and the lack of information on 3M Plus DBD and PSN. As a recommendation, the relevant parties should immediately take strategic and technical steps in implementing the 3M Plus PSN as the main approach in DHF control. Facilitating partnerships between communities and the government and seeking community participation in tackling DHF through PSN mobilization activities. Expanding access to information about 3M Plus DHF and PSN, not only in schools but also covering all levels of society.Berdasarkan data profil kesehatan Kabupaten Bangkalan tahun 2010 kasus DBD total penderita sebanyak 709 kasus. Pada tahun 2011 sempat mengalami penurunan kasus yaitu dengan jumlah 226 penderita dan satu orang dinyatakan meninggal. Pada tahun 2012 kembali mengalami lonjakan yaitu 397 kasus dan enam orang dinyatakan meninggal (Profil Kesehataan Kabupaten Bangkalan 2010-2012). Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Bangkalan sudah mengupayakan berbagai program untuk mengatasi kasus DBD. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengetahuan dan pelaksanaan Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk. Menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Pengumpulan data dilakukan selama periode Bulan April-Juni 2017. Populasinya sebagian masyarakat yang tinggal di Kecamatan Kamal. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dengan ibu rumah tangga Desa Kamal, tokoh masyarakat dan petugas Puskesmas. Dari hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa pengetahuan masyarakat tentang DBD dan PSN 3M Plus masih rendah. Masyarakat lebih mengenal fogging dan larvasida untuk menanggulangi DBD daripada program PSN 3M Plus. Rendahnya pelaksanaan PSN 3M Plus dan minimnya informasi mengenai DBD dan PSN 3M Plus. Sebagai rekomendasi, sebaiknya pihak terkait segera mengambil langkah strategis dan teknis dalam pelaksanaan PSN 3M Plus sebagai pendekatan utama dalam pengendalian DBD. Memfasilitasi kemitraan antara masyarakat dan pemerintah serta mengupayakan partisipasi masyarakat dalam menanggulangi DBD melalui kegiatan penggerakan PSN. Memperluas akses informasi tentang DBD dan PSN 3M Plus, bukan hanya di sekolah namun juga mencakup seluruh lapisan masyarakat.
Inne Soesanti
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 154-161; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i2.738

Abstract:
Toddler stunted problems describe the existence of chronic nutritional problems, ranging from the womb to the age of 2 years. This study aims to describe the eating patterns stuntted the toddlers in Pasongsongan Village. This study was used qualitative approach. The informants was determined by purposively, with informants were grandmothers or mothers who have grandchildren or stunting children, traditional healer/herbalist, posyandu cadre, public community. Data collection using interview and observation techniques. The result was showed stunted toddlers who were given food in the porridge form until the age of one year, rice cake and soup without side dishes and vegetables. These foods were given on the grounds that the intestine of the child was not strong in receiving rough food. Animal foods were given a compilation of 12 months selected children classified as late. Sea fish was given after the child can walk, with the reasons toddlers can get infection intestinal worms. Wormy myth was very trusted by the informants, that cause most of them not give sea fish to their children before the age of one years. Practices to give food with high carbohydrate water and low protein dense. The conclusion was the lack of protein sources such as egg, sea fish, and chicken in both quality and quantity can be a factor that cause stunting in the children under two years old. The suggestions for the children under two years old must be given food sources of protein, and given information for the mother about knowledge the benefits of consuming fish for children under the age of two years.Masalah balita pendek menggambarkan adanya masalah gizi kronis, mulai dari dalam kandungan sampai usia 2 tahun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi pola makan anak baduta pendek di Desa Pasongsongan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Penentuan informan secara purposive, dengan informan adalah nenek atau ibu yang mempunyai cucu atau anak baduta yang stunting, dukun/pembuat jamu, kader posyandu dan tokoh masyarakat. Pengumpulan data dengan teknik wawancara dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan anak baduta stunting diberikan makanan berupa bubur sampai usia satu tahun, lontong dan kuah tanpa lauk dan sayur, makanan-makanan tersebut diberikan dengan alasan usus anak belum kuat menerima makanan yang kasar. Makanan hewani diberikan ketika anak berusia 12 bulan tergolong terlambat. Ikan laut diberikan setelah anak bisa berjalan, dengan alasan takut anak terkena cacingan. Mitos cacingan sangat dipercaya oleh para informan, sehingga banyak yang tidak memberikan ikan laut kepada anaknya sebelum usia satu tahun. Pemberian makanan lebih banyak mengandung karbohidrat dan air serta rendah protein. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah kurangnya pemberian sumber protein seperti telur, ikan laut, dan daging ayam baik secara kualitas maupun kuantitas dapat menjadi faktor yang menyebabkan stunting pada anak baduta. Saran yang diberikan bahwa anak di bawah usia dua tahun harus diberikan makanan sumber protein, dan kepada ibu balita perlu diberikan informasi terkait pengetahuan mengenai manfaat mengkonsumsi ikan bagi anak di bawah usia dua tahun.
Sunarti Hanapi, Nuryani Nuryani, Rahmawaty Ahmad
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 146-153; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i2.751

Abstract:
Based on Indonesian Basic Health Research 2018Vitamin A capsule coverage for children 6-59 months reached 53.1%. Based on Department of Health Gorontalo district Vitamin A capsule coverage in work area of Asparaga community health center reached 80%. The research aims at investigating association of giving vitamin A toward toddler. This research used observational analytic method with cross sectional study approach. This research was conducted in February until April with total of samples were 262 children 6-59 mount and respondents were toddler mother. The technique of collecting samples was using purposive sampling technique and the technique of data collection was using questionnaire. The technique of data analysis was chi square test. The findings reseacrh was found that the giving of vitamin A on toddler was 126 (48,1%) and not giving vitamin A was 136 (51,9%) toddlers, low mothers knowledge 63,4%, active cadre 28,2%, active participation toddlers 5,0%. Base on analysis bivariate indicated that sufficient knowledge of mothers 67,7% of the toddlers were given vitamin A and chi square test showed knowledge of p value = 0,000, the role of active cadres 82,4% of the toddlers were given vitamin A with p value = 0,000 and the activity of toddlers visiting community health center / Posyandu 100% of the toddlers were given vitamin A with p value = 0,000. It was concluded that the mothers knowledge factor, the role of cadres and the activity of toddlers visiting Community Health Center and Posyandu were related to the provision of viramin A in the toddlers. It was recommended for mothers of toddlers to explore more information regarding the importance of providing vitamin A to toddlers, and to be active partisipation in Community Health Center / Posyandu activities.Berdasarkan hasil Riskesdas 2018 cakupan kapsul vitamin A pada anak 6-59 bulan mencapai 53,1%. Berdasarkan data Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Gorontalo cakupan pemberian vitamin A di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Asparaga mencapai 80%. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini untuk mengetahui sejumlah faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian vitamin A pada balita. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional study. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Februari sampai April dengan jumlah sampel 262 balita umur 6-59 bulan dengan ibu balita sebagai responden. Pengambilan sampel dengan tekhnik purvosive sampling dan pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan kuesioner, analisis menggunaka chi square test. Hasil penelitian didapatkan pemberian vitamin A pada balita sebanyak 126 (48,1%) dan tidak diberikan vitamin A sebanyak 136 (51,9%) balita, pengetahuan ibu kurang 63,4%, keaktifan kader 28,2%, keaktifan kunjungan balita 5,0%. Berdasarkan hasil uji bivariat menunjukkan pengetahuan ibu cukup 67,7% anak balita diberikan vitamin A chi square test menunjukkan pengetahuan p value = 0,000, peran kader aktif 82,4% balita diberikan vitamin A dengan p value = 0,000, dan keaktifan kunjungan...
Moh. Rivandi Dengo, Idjrak Mohamad
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 162-169; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i2.746

Abstract:
The coverage of Antenatal Care (ANC) visits in Gorontalo District during the last three years is as follows: the first visit of the pregnant women in 2015 reached 90%, the visit in the following year in 2016 decreased to 76%, and the visit in 2017 reached 89,86%. This research aims to find out the factors related to the decrease of Antenatal Care in accordance with the decrease in the Antenatal Care visits in the first contact of pregnant women checking K-1 in the working area of Community Health Center Bongomeme Gorontalo District in 2018. The population of the current research was all pregnant women listed in Kohort pregnant women book in the Community Health Center Bogomeme in 2018 there were 163 pregnant women participated. The research design used was a cross sectional study approach. The obtained data were subsequently examined using chi-square test by referring to p value < 0,005. The research results shown that the parity variable of the pregnancy has p value of 0,038, pregnant women knowledge has p value of 0,012, and pregnant women job has p value of 0,000. Thus, this variable has a parity of pregnancy, knowledge of pregnant women and occupation of pregnant women has a relationship with antenatal visits (K-1), while family support variables with p value of 0.478 means that this variable has no relationship with antenatal visits (K-1). The conclusion was the parity, pregnant women knowledge, and pregnant women occupation have the significant relationship with the antenatal care visits (K-1), while the family support has no significant relationship with antenatal visits (K-1). The pregnant women should maintain the pregnancy spacing, maintain the pregnancy health, and increase their knowledge.Cakupan kunjungan Antenatal Care (ANC) di Kabupaten Gorontalo selama tiga tahun terakhir adalah cakupan kunjungan pertama ibu hamil (K-1) tahun 2015 mencapai 90%, pada tahun berikutnya tahun 2016 terjadi penurunan yaitu 76% dan pada tahun 2017 mencapai 89,86%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan rendahnya kunjungan Antenatal Care pada kontak pertama pemeriksaan ibu hamil K-1 pada Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bongomeme Kabupaten Gorontalo tahun 2018. Adapun populasi pada penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu hamil tercatat di buku kohort ibu hamil Puskesmas Bongomeme tahun 2018 yaitu sebanyak 163 orang ibu hamil. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah pendekatan cross sectional study. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dilakukan uji statistic chi square dengan melihat nilai p value < 0,005. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variable paritas kehamilan dengan nilai p value 0,038, pengetahuan ibu hamil nilai p value 0,012, dan pekerjaan ibu hamil nilai p value 0,000. Artinya variabel paritas kehamilan, pengetahuan ibu hamil dan pekerjaan ibu hamil memiliki hubungan dengan kunjungan antenatal (K-1). Sedangkan variabel dukungan keluarga nilai p value 0,478 ini berarti variabel dukungan keluarga tidak memiliki hubungan dengan kunjungan antenatal (K-1). Disimpulkan bahwa paritas, pengetahuan ibu, pekerjaan ibu ada hubungan yang signifikan dengan kunjungan antenatal K-I, sedangkan dukungan keluarga tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kunjungan antenatal (K-I). Ibu hamil agar lebih menjaga jarak kehamilan, menjaga kesehatan kehamilan, meningkatkan pengetahuan ibu hamil.
Ayu Ghalda, Nazhif Gifari, Nadiyah Nadiyah
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 170-178; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i2.737

Abstract:
Physical fitness is the ability of a person body to do a day work without feeling significant fatigue, that the body has a reserve of energy to overcome the excessive workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between hydration knowledge, hydration status, body composition, hemoglobin level with physical fitness in gymnastics athletes. This study was design a cross sectional study at GOR Raden Inten East Jakarta. Independent variables were hydration knowledge, hydration status, body composition (percent of body fat) and hemoglobin level, while the dependent variable was physical fitness. The statistical test used in this study was the spearman correlation test, because the dependent variable in this study was abnormally distributed. The results of this study were that there was no significant relationship between hydration knowledge and physical fitness (r = 0.181; p > 0.05), there was no significant relationship between hydration status and physical fitness (r = -0,440; p = 0,052), there was no relationship significant between body composition (percent of body fat) and physical fitness (r = 0,351; p > 0.05), and there was a significant relationship between hemoglobin level and physical fitness (r = 0,600; p < 0.05). The conclusion in this study, there was a significant relationship between hemoglobin level and physical fitness.Kebugaran jasmani merupakan kemampuan tubuh seseorang untuk melakukan suatu pekerjaan sehari-hari tanpa merasakan kelelahan yang cukup berarti, sehingga tubuh itu sendiri memiliki cadangan energi untuk mengatasi beban kerja yang berlebih. Tujuanpenelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan hidrasi, status hidrasi, komposisi tubuh, kadar hemoglobin dengan kebugaran pada atlet senam. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian cross sectional yang dilakukan di GOR Raden Inten Jakarta Timur. Variabel independen yaitu pengetahuan hidrasi, status hidrasi, komposisi tubuh (persen lemak tubuh)dan kadar hemoglobin, sedangkan variabel dependen yaitu kebugaran. Uji statistik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan uji korelasi spearman, karena variabel dependen pada penelitan berdistribusi tidak normal. Hasil dari penelitian yaitu tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan hidrasi dan kebugaran (r=0,181; p>0,05), tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara status hidrasi dan kebugaran (r=-0,440; p>0,05), tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara komposisi tubuh dan kebugaran (r=0,351; p>0,05) dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kadar hemoglobin dan kebugaran (r=0,600; p
Ade Heryana, Erlina Puspitaloka Mahadewi, Iyan Ayuba
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 92-109; doi:10.32662/gjph.v0i0.462

Abstract:
The enhancement of patient’s visit to hospital led to the increasing of length of queue particularly at registration division. This condition made the long duration of waiting time for patients. Hospital’s management should manage the patients queue especially for the period of bottle neck condition. This operation research reviewed the patients queue at existing outpatient registration service system and proposed the optimal system based on queuing theory and trade-off analysis of cost of service and cost of waiting. Cross-sectional data applied to collect the patient’s arrival rate, service time for every server, waiting cost, and queue related behavior. Result of this study suggested that existing system was non-steady state system and not optimum based on trade-off analysis. Patients who came at least 08.00 am should serve with 2 servers of queue number service, and 6 servers of outpatient registration. Whereas patients who came after 08.00 am should serve with 1 servers of queue number service, and 2 servers of outpatient registration. This study recommended the range of patient’s arrival and service rate that the describe viability of optimum system. This study suggested hospital’s management should be focus on manage the patient arrival at early morning with applied the suitable queue management technology to controlling the registration waiting line.AbstrakPeningkatan kunjungan pasien ke rumah sakit menyebabkan antrian pasien khususnya pada pelayanan rawat jalan bertambah. Kondisi ini menyebabkan waktu tunggu pelayanan menjadi lama. Manajemen rumah sakit sebaiknya mengelola antrian pasien terutama pada pelayanan yang mengalami hambatan (bottle neck). Penelitian operasional ini bertujuan mengkaji antrian pasien pada sistem pelayanan pendaftaran rawat jalan dan merekomendasikan sistem yang optimal berdasarkan analisis dengan teori antrian dan trade-off antara biaya pelayanan dengan biaya menunggu per pasien. Pengumpulan data secara potong lintang untuk mengetahui tingkat kedatangan pasien, tingkat pelayanan tiap loket pelayanan, dan perilaku pasien saat mengantri. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sistem pelayanan yang ada saat ini dalam kondisi tidak steady state dan tidak optimum berdasarkan analisis trade-off. Direkomendasikan untuk mengoperasikan 2 loket pengambilan nomor antrian dan 6 loket pendaftaran rawat jalan bagi pasien yang datang sebelum jam 08.00, serta mengoperasikan 1 loket pengambilan nomor antrian dan 2 loket pendaftaran rawat jalan bagi pasien yang datang setelah jam 08.00. Pada studi ini peneliti juga merekomendasikan rentang tingkat kedatangan pasien dan tingkat pelayanan yang dapat diterapkan untuk sistem yang optimal. Disarankan agar manajemen rumah sakit memfokuskan pengelolaan kedatangan pasien dan antrian pasien pada pagi hari, dengan menerapkan teknologi pengelolaan atrian yang sesuai.
A.Meryam Susanti, Sri Darmawati, Endang Tri Wahyuni Maharani
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 132-138; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i1.482

Abstract:
Meat is an important food for fulfill nutritional needs, many of meats are consumed as a source of highest quality nutrition for humans, especially as a source of protein. Papaya leaves contain the enzyme papain (a protase enzyme that can hydrolyze proteins), so that it can be used to soften meat. The purpose of this study was to look at an overview of protein profiles in five types of meat, namely goat, beef, buffalo, free-range chicken and broiler chicken which were soaked in papaya leaves. The protein profile of five types of meat was analyzed using the SDS-PAGE 12% method. The results showed that the control meat of goat, beef, buffalo, free-range chicken and broiler chicken which were not soaked in papaya leaves showed that there were many major protein bands compared to minor protein bands. Whereas in goat, beef, buffalo, free-range chicken and broiler chicken which have been soaked in papaya leaves, the results were different compared to the control, there were many minor protein bands. While the major bands only have 6 to 9 protein bands. Based on these results indicate that immersion with the enzyme papain contained in papaya leaves can break down peptide bonds, if it works on meat it can be broken down so the meat becomes tender and protein bands in the form of micromolecules.Daging merupakan bahan pangan yang penting dalam memenuhi kebutuhan gizi, banyak dikomsumsi sebagai sumber nutrisi yang berkualitas bagi manusia terutama sebagai sumber protein. Daun pepaya mengandung enzim papain (enzim protase yang dapat menghidrolisa protein), sehingga dapat digunakan untuk melunakkan daging. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat gambaran profil protein pada lima jenis daging yaitu daging kambing, sapi, kerbau, ayam kampung dan ayam potong yang direndam daun pepaya. Profil protein lima macam daging dianalisis menggunakan metode SDS-PAGE 12%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada daging kontrol yaitu daging kambing, sapi, kerbau, ayam kampung dan ayam potong yang tidak direndam daun pepaya menunjukkan terdapat banyak pita protein mayor dibandingkan pita protein minor. Sedangkan pada daging kambing, sapi, kerbau, ayam kampung dan ayam potong yang telah direndam daun pepaya menunjukkan hasil yang berbeda dibandingkan dengan kontrol yaitu pada semua daging terdapat banyak pita protein minor. Sedangkan pita mayor hanya terdapat 6 sampai 9 pita protein saja. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa perendaman dengan enzim papain yang terdapat dalam daun pepaya dapat memecah ikatan peptida, jika bekerja pada daging dapat diuraikan sehingga daging menjadi empuk, dan pita protein berbentuk mikromolekul.
Erlina Puspitaloka Mahadewi, Ade Heryana, Yatmi Kurniawati, Iyan Ayuba
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 110-119; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i1.463

Abstract:
Service queue is a clasically service problem at hospital. The conotation of patient queue both positive and negative. When the patients more prefer to our services, it’s a positive matter. But when patients forced to waiting the service because the length of service time, it’s a negative matter. It’s suggested that the increasing of inpatients service affected to outpatients, because doctors who served often late to outpatient services room. This condition led to patient’s unsatisfaction due to unappropriateness of service time standards. This study aimed to analyze the determinants of length of outpatient services waiting time who served by pulmonologist at general hospital Tangerang City. Qualitative design was held to get deepest information about length of pulmologist service time. Five informants were recruited i.e outpatient service coordinator, nurse, pulmonologist, and two patients who complained to length of waiting time. Result there were conditions that affected the length of service time i.e lack of nurse skill particularly in spirometre operation, inadequately amount of chair at waiting room and trobleshooting of information system, unavailable of service procedure that led to imprecise of newly patient service, working condition wasn’t support to pulomonogist service i.e inpatient service activity. It’s suggested to complete with procedure operation standard and enhance infrastructure budget to update the information system and the addition of chairs at waiting room.pelayanan rawat jalan akibat petugas terlambat datang ke poliklinik. Hal ini berdampak pada ketidakpuasan pasien karena ketidaksesuaian dari standar yang telah ditetapkan. Atas dasar itulah maka menarik untuk diadakan penelitian tentang faktor penyebab lamanya waktu tunggu pelayanan rawat jalan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penyebab lamanya waktu tunggu pasien di Pelayanan Rawat Jalan Poliklinik Penyakit Paru RSUD Kota Tangerang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan tujuan mendapatkan informasi yang lebih aktual dan akurat mengenai faktor penyebab lamanya waktu tunggu di Pelayanan Rawat Jalan Poliklinik Paru RSUD Kota Tangerang. Informan terdiri dari informan kunci, informan utama dan informan pendukung. Gambaran penyebab lamanya waktu tunggu pelayananan di bagian Instalasi Rawat Jalan dalam pelayanan di Poliklinik Paru RSUD Kota Tangerang, yaitu: perawat masih memerlukan pelatihan dan pengembangan dalam mengoperasikan alat spirometri, fasilitas ruang tunggu yaitu kursi yang masih belum mencukupi dan program SIMRS (system infromasi manajemen Rumah Sakit) yang harus lebih baik lagi untuk menunjang kegiatan di pelayanan poliklinik paru, prosedur pemberian pelayanan masih belum lengkap, SOP (Standar Operasional Prosedur) alur pelayanan belum ditetapkan, sehingga pada pasien baru sering terjadi salah prosedur, tingginya jumlah tindakan pasien paru rawat inap menyebabkan lamanya pelayanan. Saran sebaiknya manajemen rumah sakit...
, Ana Hidayanti Mukarromah, Stalis Norma Ethica
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 126-131; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i1.481

Abstract:
Fish is a potential source of animal protein, but has a weakness that is easy to rot. To avoid decay can be preserved by salting the fish. In this study wet salting was carried out to analyze the effect of salting on fish protein. The sample used was a type of gourami with 5 tails. 1 for the sample before salting and 4 for salting each salted at 10, 20, 30 and 40% b/v after that it was left to stand for 12 hours. The research method used was the Gel Electrophoresis method (SDS-PAGE) to determine molecular weight (MW), looking at the purity and damage of proteins in the sample. The samples of gouramy before salting showed 16 bands, 8 major bands and 8 minor ribbons. Samples of gouramy with a salt concentration of 10% b/v showed 16 bands, 7 major bands and 9 minor bands. Samples of gouramy with a salt concentration of 20% b/v showed 14 bands, 7 major bands and 7 minor bands. Samples of gouramy with a salt concentration of 30% b/v showed 10 bands, 3 major bands and 7 minor bands. Samples of gouramy with a salt concentration of 40% b/v showed 9 bands, 3 major bands and 6 minor bands. Thus it can be concluded that salting of fish can affect the gouramy protein, which is the higher the salt content added, the protein found in the fish will be denatured. The salting process of 10% b/v in gouramy meat is the most recommended salting process compared to the salting process of 20, 30 and 40% b/v.Ikan merupakan sumber protein hewani yang potensial, namun memiliki suatu kelemahan yaitu mudah membusuk. Untuk menghindari pembusukan dapat dilakukan pengawetan dengan penggaraman pada ikan. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan penggaraman basah untuk menganalisis pengaruh penggaraman terhadap protein ikan. Sampel yang digunakan adalah jenis ikan gurami sebanyak 5 ekor. 1 ekor untuk sampel sebelum penggaraman dan 4 ekor dilakukan penggaraman masing-masing digarami dengan kadar 10, 20, 30 dan 40% b/v setelah itu didiamkan selama 12 jam. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode Elektroforesis Gel (SDS- PAGE) untuk menentukan berat molekul (BM), melihat kemurnian dan kerusakan protein pada sampel. Pada sampel ikan gurami sebelum penggaraman menunjukkan 16 pita, 8 pita mayor dan 8 pita minor. Sampel ikan gurami dengan konsentrasi garam 10% b/v menujukkan 16 pita, 7 pita mayor dan 9 pita minor. Sampel ikan gurami dengan konsentrasi garam 20% b/v menunjukkan 14 pita, 7 pita mayor dan 7 pita minor. Sampel ikan gurami dengan konsentrasi garam 30% b/v menunjukkan 10 pita, 3 pita mayor dan 7 pita minor. Sampel ikan gurami dengan konsentrasi garam 40% b/v menunjukkan 9 pita, 3 pita mayor dan 6 pita minor. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggaraman pada ikan dapat berpengaruh terhadap protein ikan gurami yaitu makin tinggi kadar garam yang ditambahkan maka protein yang terdapat pada ikan akan terdenaturasi. Proses penggaraman 10% b/v pada daging ikan gurami merupakan proses penggaraman yang paling disarankan dibandingkan proses penggaraman 20,30 dan 40% b/v.
, Marselia Sandalayuk
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 2, pp 120-125; doi:10.32662/gjph.v2i1.390

Abstract:
Kekurangan Energi Kronik (KEK) adalah keadaan dimana remaja putri/wanita mengalami kekurangan gizi (kalori dan protein) yang berlangsung lama atau menahun. Pada tahun 2013 berdasarkan data riset kesehatan dasar prevalensi KEK di kabupaten Gorontalo sebesar 12,5% pada wanita usia 15-49 tahun yang sedang hamil dan 15,1% pada wanita usia 15-49 tahun yang tidak hamil. Untuk mencegah risiko KEK pada ibu hamil sebelum kehamilan, wanita usia subur (WUS) sudah harus mempunyai gizi yang baik, misalnya dengan LILA tidak kurang dari 23,5 cm. Berdasarkan permasalahan diatas penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengambarkan kejadian kurang energi kronik pada wanita usia subur (15-49 tahun) di kecamatan Limboto Kabupaten Gorontalo. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kelurahan Tilihuwa, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 162 WUS usia 15-49 tahun yang dipilih secara Accidental sampling. Penelitian ini merupakan studi deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa kejadian KEK terbanyak pada kelompok Wanita Usia 15-24 tahun yaitu 13 orang (81,3%), tingkat pendidikan hanya tamatan SD yaitu 7 orang (43,8%), status pekerjaan sebagai Ibu Rumah Tangga saja yaitu 10 orang (62,5%) dan seluruhnya yang menderita KEK tidak sedang hamil yaitu 16 orang (100%). Untuk mengurangi risiko KEK pada Wanita Usia Subur agar lebih memperhatikan kesehatan dan konsumsi makanan bergizi terutama pada kelompok usia remaja.
Sunarti Hanapi, Zul Adhayani Arda
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 72-77; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i2.376

Abstract:
Populasi lanjut usia (Lansia) membawa berbagai implikasi dari aspek sosial, ekonomi, keadilan, politik terutama kesehatan. Masalah kesehatan adalah salah satu masalah utama bagi penduduk lanjut usia, karena berhubungan dengan masalah fisiologis yang terjadi secara alami serta kekhawatiran yang subsistensi. Salah satu upaya penanganan masalah kesehatan lansia adalah melalui perawatan kesehatan masyarakat lansia. Tujuan penelitian untuk menentukan faktor-faktor yang terkait dengan kunjungan lansia ke Posyandu Lansia. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasional analitik dengan desain cross sectional study. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah sebagian lansia yang tinggal di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bongomeme, Puskesmas Tibawa, Puskesmas Batudaa dan Puskesmas Limboto Barat di Kabupaten Gorontalo sebanyak 349 orang. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Desember 2017 - Februari 2018. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan (p value = 0,006) dengan kunjungan lansia ke Posyandu Lansia. Namun, tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara keaktifan kader (p value = 0,871), dukungan keluarga (p value = 0,642) dan jenis layanan (p value = 0,225) dengan kunjungan lansia ke Posyandu Lansia di beberapa Puskesmas di Kabupaten Gorontalo. Kepada semua penyelenggara Posyandu Lansia kiranya dapat menempatkan Posyandu pada posisi yang strategis dan tidak terlalu jauh dari rumah kelompok Lansia, untuk memudahkan akses Lansia berkunjung ke Posyandu Lansia.
Sugiarto Sugiarto, Herdianti Herdianti, Entianopa Entianopa
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 56-64; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i2.274

Abstract:
Tuberkulosis (TB) adalah penyakit menular yang dapat menyerang berbagai organ, terutama paru-paru. Data Puskesmas Muara Kumpeh diketahui bahwa jumlah penderita TB paru meningkat setiap tahun, pada tahun 2016 terdapat 54 kasus dan meningkat pada tahun 2017 menjadi 68 kasus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran pengetahuan, persepsi, efikasi diri dan pengaruh interpersonal pasien dalam mencegah penularan TB Paru di Puskesmas Muara Kumpeh Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 68 orang yang dikumpulkan secara total sampling. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari bulan April hingga Agustus 2018. Analisis data menggunakan analisis frekuensi yang berguna untuk memberikan gambaran umum masing- masing variabel. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan sebagian besar pasien masih rendah 58,8%, persepsi sebagian besar pasien tergolong rendah 70,6%, self efficacy dalam kategori rendah 66,2% dan sebagian besar hubungan interpersonal 51,5% dalam kategori rendah. Sebanyak 54 (79,4%) responden melakukan upaya pencegahan transmisi TB paru tergolong tidak baik. Secara umum, rata-rata penderita masih dalam kategori rendah untuk variabel pengetahuan, persepsi, self efficacy dan hubungan interpersonal dalam pencegahan penularan TB paru di lingkungan mereka. Sebagian besar responden tidak melakukan pencegahan penularan dengan benar. Disarankan bahwa petugas kesehatan membina hubungan terapeutik dengan pasien yang membuat pasien lebih nyaman dan terbuka untuk bertanya tentang segala sesuatu yang berhubungan dengan TB paru.
, Ari Suwondo, Suroto Suroto
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 78-84; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i2.347

Abstract:
Air pollution from toxic materials is one of the world's health problems. The study was aimed to measure and analyze carbon monoxide (CO) exposure with oxygen saturation and work fatigue in parking attendants. The research method was quantitative research with cross sectional study approach that was the measurement of variables carried out simultaneously. The non-random sampling method of sampling with total sampling technique that all parking attendants on the Setiabudi street in Semarang City. The number of research subjects was 30 people. The results showed that as much as 26.7% with abnormal CO exposure, 70.0% abnormal oxygen saturation, 56.7% of the study subjects experienced moderate fatigue and 43.3% mild fatigue. The results of bivariate analysis showed that CO exposure not normal with abnormal oxygen saturation 75.0%, while normal CO exposure with abnormal oxygen saturation 62.8%, statistical test results obtained p value = 1,000. Analysis of abnormal CO exposure with moderate work fatigue 25.0%, while normal CO exposure with moderate work fatigue 68.2%, statistical test results obtained p value = 0.035. It was concluded that CO exposure was not associated with oxygen saturation and CO exposure had a significant associated with work fatigue.Keywords; CO exposure, work fatigue, oxygen saturationAbstrakPencemaran udara yang berasal dari bahan toksik merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan dunia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur dan menganalisis paparan karbon monooksida (CO) terhadap saturasi oksigen dan kelelahan kerja pada petugas parkir. Metode penelitian adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional study yakni pengukuran variabel dilakukan secara bersamaan. Metode pengambilan sampel non random sampling dengan tekhnik total sampling yakni seluruh petugas parkir di jalan Setiabudi Kota Semarang. Jumlah subjek penelitian sebanyak 30 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 26,7% dengan paparan CO tidak normal, 70,0% saturasi oksigen tidak normal, 56,7% subjek penelitian mengalami kelelahan sedang dan 43,3% kelelahan ringan. Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan bahwa paparan CO tidak normal dengan saturasi oksigen tidak normal 75,0%, sementara paparan CO normal dengan saturasi oksigen tidak normal sebanyak 62,8%, hasil uji statistic diperoleh nilai p value = 1,000. Analisis paparan CO tidak normal dengan kelelahan kerja sedang 25,0%, sementara paparan CO normal dengan tingkat kelelahan kerja sedang 68,2%, hasil uji statistic diperoleh nilai p value = 0,035. Disimpulkan bahwa paparan CO tidak berhubungan dengan saturasi oksigen dan paparan CO memiliki hubungan signifikan dengan kelelahan kerja.Kata kunci; kelelahan kerja, paparan CO, saturasi oksigen
, Nelyta Oktavianisya
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 65-71; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i2.333

Abstract:
Pos kesehatan desa (Poskesdes) merupakan salah satu tempat pelayanan kesehatan masyarakat yang berada di desa yang menyediakan banyak layanan kesehatan misalnya pemeriksaan ibu hamil, perawatan pada pasien, pertolongan pertama jika terjadi kecelakaan, pemeriksaan pada lanjut usia, dan pelayanan kesehatan lainnya. Pajanan limbah layanan kesehatan dapat mengakibatkan penyakit atau cidera petugas kesehatan, pasien, pengunjung dan masyarakat disekitar lingkungan fasilitas kesehatan meskipun proporsi limbah medis yang masuk ke dalam kategori limbah berbahaya hanya sebesar 15 – 25%, tetapi risiko yang ditimbulkan cukup besar. Word Health Organization (WHO) memprediksi risiko limbah benda tajam sebesar 1% dari total limbah kesehatan pada tahun 2000. Hal ini menjadi resiko karena mampu menyebarkan infeksi hepatitis B dan hepatitis C. Berdasarkan data Limbah medis padat yang dihasilkan dari kegiatan pelayanan poskesdes berkisar antara 0,5 kg perbulan sampai dengan 2 kg perbulan setiap poskesdes, pengelolaan tidak dilakukan langsung oleh puskesmas Bluto karena tidak ada incenerator. Penelitan ini menggunakan metode deskriptif. Obyek penelitian diantaranya petugas kesehatan lingkungan dan 2 staff petugas kesehatan lingkungan di Puskesmas Bluto. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan lembar wawancara, dan lembar observasi menggambarkan pengelolaan limbah medis padat pada 17 poskesdes di Kecamatan Bluto. Pengelolaan limbah medis padat pada 17 poskesdes di Kecamatan Bluto dari 4 aspek mulai dari penampungan dan pemilahan, pengumpulan, pengangkutan serta pemusnahan dan pembuangan akhir secara keseluruhann sudah baik hal ini berkaitan dengan koordinasi antara petugas poskesdes dan petugas puskesmas untuk melakukan pengelolaan limbah padat medis yang baik dengan melakukan MoU dengan pihak ketiga sebagai pihak yang akan melakukan kegiatan akhir pada limbah medis padat.
Safrudin Tolinggi, Kasma Mantualangi, Nuryani Nuryani
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i2.320

Abstract:
One cause of maternal morbidity and mortality is preeclampsia. The purpose of this research was to determine the risk factors of preeclampsia. The type of research was observational analytic using a case control study to determine risk factors for the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant women. The population in this study as many as 1182 people and the sample size of 168 people consisting of case and control samples. Sampling technique was used purposive sampling. Results was showed that analysis unvariate parity 1 and > 3 as many as 62,5%, the distance of pregnancy < 2 years and > 5 years as many as 35,7% and education < 9 years as many as 33,3%. Analysis bivariate with odds ratio values obtained OR = 1.052, with a lower limit value (0.563) and the upper limit (1.965) then parity was significant risk factor on the incidence of preeclampsia. Results of statistical bivariate analysis OR = 2.088, with a lower limit value (1.096) and the upper limit (3.978) then the distance pregnancy was significant risk factor on the incidence of preeclampsia. Results of statistical bivariate analysis odds ratio values obtained OR = 1.239, with a lower limit value (0.652) and the upper limit (2.354) then education was a significant risk factor on the incidence of preeclampsia. The conclusion of this study was the parity, gap of pregnancy and education were the risk factor for preeclampsia in pregnant women.Keywords; age, education, gap of pregnancy, parity, preeclampsiaAbstrakSalah satu penyebab morbiditas dan mortalitas ibu adalah preeclampsia. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kejadian preeclampsia. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasional analitik dengan menggunakan rancangan case control study untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kejadian preeklampsia pada ibu hamil. Populasi dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 1182 orang dan jumlah sampel 168 orang yang terdiri dari sampel kasus dan kontrol. Tehnik pengambilan sampel secara purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan analisis univariat paritas 1 dan > 3 sebanyak 62,5%, jarak kehamilan < 2 tahun dan > 5 tahun sebanyak 35,7% dan pendidikan < 9 tahun sebanyak 33,3%. Analisis bivariat dengan uji odds ratio diperoleh nilai OR=1,052, dengan nilai lower limit (0,563) dan upper limit (1,965) maka paritas merupakan faktor risiko yang bermakna terhadap kejadian preeklampsia. Hasil analisis statistik bivariat dengan uji odds ratio dengan nilai OR=2,088, dengan nilai lower limit (1,096) dan upper limit (3,978) maka jarak kehamilan merupakan faktor risiko yang bermakna terhadap kejadian preeklampsia. Hasil analisis statistik bivariat dengan uji odds ratio diperoleh nilai OR=1,239, dengan nilai lower limit (0,652) dan upper limit (2,354) maka pendidikan merupakan faktor risiko yang bermakna terhadap kejadian preeklampsia. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah paritas, jarak kehamilan dan pendidikan merupakan faktor risiko kejadian preeklampsia pada ibu hamil.Kata kunci; umur,...
Wahyuni Hafid, Fraining Deisi Badu, Lili Pramutia Laha
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 01-07; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.138

Abstract:
Low Birth Weight (LBW) has a contribution to infant mortalityespecially during perinatal period. According to the World HealthOrganization (WHO), there are 15.5% or 20.6 million babies born withBirth Weight (LBW) every year, and 96.5% are in developing countries.Nationally, the target of LBW that is set at the target of NutritionImprovement Program toward Healthy Indonesian is 7% maximum. Thisresearch is an analytic quantitative research using cross sectional studydesign. The study was conducted in March - April 2017. The instrumentused a questionnaire sheet. The sample in this study as many as 137respondents taken by purposive sampling. Hypothesis testing using chisquare test. The statistical test of chi square test showed a significantrelationship between mother education (ᴩ = 0,000
Maesarah Maesarah, Lisa Djafar, Fremly Pakaya
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 039-045; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.149

Abstract:
Nutrition is a major factor that has an important role in the growth anddevelopment in the toddlers. In the nutritional fulfillment of the toddler,the mother plays very important role. This study aimed to determinethe factors associated with the behavior of parents with the nutritionalstatus of toddlers. The research design was used analytical surveywith cross sectional study approach. The population in this researchwas 213 Balita, the sample in this research was 136 children in BulaloVillage Kwandang District, North Gorontalo District, the samplingmethod was used purposive sampling technique. Data collection ofrespondents in general using questionnaires, data analysis usingSPSS program version 21.0. Bivariate analysis to know the existenceof relation between dependent variable and independet by using chisquared test α = 0,05. The results showed that there was a correlationbetween parents' knowledge on the Nutritional Status of Toddlers (p =0,000), there was a correlation between parental attitudes with thenutritional status in the toddler (p = 0,000), there was a correlationbetween parental action with the nutritional status in the toddler (p =0,000 ). This study recommends to parents to always pay attention tothe type of food consumed and the mothers should often follow thecounseling done by midwives and nutrition officials so that thenutritional status of toddlers has increased.
Herman Hatta, Ririn Pakaya, Marlina Laiya
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 024-031; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.146

Abstract:
Nutritional problem have been found in the elderly which can be inform of lack of nutrient intake. The research aimed to find out thefactors related with the nutrient status of the elderly, the study wasthe quantitative research which was also naturally an analyticalresearch with the cross sectional study approach. The sample of theresearch was as many as 121 respondents which were determined byusing the purposive sampling technique. The finding of the researchfrom 121 respondents was showing that there was 9 elderly with theundernutrition status (7,4%) while there were 69 (57,0%) of them are innormal nutriention status. In addition, there were 43 of them (35,5%)was overnutrition. Based on the analysis bivariate by using thefisher’s exact test was showing that there was no relationship betweenthe physical activity with the nutrientional status in the elderly withthe value ρ = value 0,056 > ɑ 0,05, there was also no relationshipbetween income with the nutrientional status on elderly with the valueof ρ = value 0,001 > ɑ 0,05. However, there was a relationshipbetween the education with the nutrientional status on elderly with thevalue of ρ = value 0,003 > ɑ 0,05.
Juli Gladis Claudia, Wirdawaty S Adam
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 053-058; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.152

Abstract:
Exercise in pregnancy have positive effect on the pregnancy outcomebecause stumulate to strengthen and maintain elasticity in abdominalmuscles and pelvic muscles which was associated with labor that whenstraining the muscles will relax actively that the head baby will outeasily and the pelvic floor muscle is weak, will not easily tear when willgive birth. The incidence of perineum rupture at Limboto CommunityHealth Center is 46,7%. The purpose of this study was to analyze theeffectiveness of gymnastics pregnancy against rupture perineum inMaternity at Limboto Community Health Center. The method of researchwas used pre-experimental research with statistical group comparisondesign with using chi square test. The population in this study were allthirty pregnant trimester III which amounted 30 people. The sample inthis study were 15 case groups and 15 control groups. The variablepregnant exercise was independent variabel and the dependentvariable was incidence of perineal rupture. The result of this researchby using chi square statistic test was showed t arithmetic 8,571, thatmean the respondent who have high pregnancy exercise did notexperience rupture perineum. Results p - value 0.009 with degree ofsignificance 0.05 (p < 0.05). The conclusion there was a significant effectof pregnancy exercise effectiveness on the incidence of perineal rupturein maternal mothers at Limboto Community Health Center.
Novika Hubu, Nuryani Nuryani, Yanti Hz Hano
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 015-023; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.144

Abstract:
Choronic energy malnutrition is health problems in women reproductiveage. The purpose of this study was assessed association betweennutrition knowledge, energy and protein intake with chronic energymalnutrition. Design study was observational study with cross sectionaldesign. The Sample were taken by exshautive sampling with collected152 praconseption women. Study was conducted in Boalemo regency.Data analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis which was chisquare test. The result showed that there were only 2,6% in age lessthan 20 years, most of educational level les than nine years 66,4%,92,8% had occupation as house wife, 28,8 % choronic energymalnutrition, 52,6% low nutrition knowledge, 55,9% low energy intakeand 54,6% low protein intake. Bivariate analysis showed women whohad CEM with low nutrition knowledge 51,3% higher than high level ofnutrition knowledge 2,7%, low penergy intake 37,6% higher thanadequate energy intake 16,4%, low protein intake 36,1% higher thanadequate protein intake 18,8%. Chi square test showed there wereassociation between nutrition knowledge (p = 0,000), energy intake (p =0,007) and protein intake (p = 0,029) with chronic energy malnutrition inpraconseption women. It was concluded tha low nutrition knowledge,low energy and protein intake had association with chronic energymalnutrion.
Zul Adhayani Arda, Rifa’I Ali, Marselina Mustapa
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 032-038; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.148

Abstract:
Based on WHO (World Health Organization) in 2011, hypertension was causing 8billion of the world citizen pass away every year in which almost 1.5 billion of them were in south east of Asia. The purpose of study was to determine the risk factors associated with hypertension in Pohuwato District in 2017. The study was an observational analytic with case control design. The sample of study was 202 respondents which divided into 101 case group and 101 control group in the w orkarea of Puskesmas Motolohu in Pohuwato District. The data were analyzed by using odds ratio (OR) test. The study result showed that occupation (OR=2.71;95% CI; 1.45-5.05), gender (OR=2.55; 95% CI; 1.35-4.79), smoking behavior (OR=2.55; 95% CI; 1.35-4.79), hypertension history (OR=6.13; 95% CI; 3.04-12.36), and consumption of coffee (OR=3.20; 95% CI; 1.64-6.25) were significant risk factors for occurance of hypertension. It is recomended to counseled as a means of disseminating information about risk factors and effect of hypertensionto the public.
Yusni Podungge, Puspita Sukmawaty Rasyid
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 046-052; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.150

Abstract:
Undernutrition in infants is a condition where the baby does not growand develop optimally because of the unfulfilled intake of nutritionsubstances in the body. Under-nutrition in infants can be overcome bythe provision of balanced nutritious foods, one sign of improvednutrition can be seen from normal weight gain for age. One of the foodsthat can boost the improvement of nutrients is a food that containsproteins and vitamins, such as yellow pumpkin and chicken, whereyellow pumpkin contains vitamin A and chicken meat as a source ofanimal protein that contains good nutrients. The purpose of this studywas to analyze the effect of yellow pumpkin and chicken meat onweight growing infant 12 months in work area of Talaga JayaCommunity Health Center. The research method used experimentalresearch model with design non equivalent control group for eachgroup of intervention and control. Sampling using purposive samplingaccording to inclusion and exclusion criteria. With a sample number of30 malnourished infants less than 12 months of age. Analyticaltechniques was used in the chi square test. The result of this researchwas showed that value of chi square count 22,634 highger than chisquare table Df 1 = 3,841. There was influence giving yellow pumpkinpumper and chicken to enhancement nutritional weight infant weight12 month in work area Puskesmas Talaga Jaya. The conclusion wasthe provision of pumpkin porridge can raise the weight of infants lessthan 12 months of age as a benchmark nutritional improvements ininfants less nutrition.
Elvi Libunelo, Yeni Paramata, Rahmawati Rahmawati
Gorontalo Journal of Public Health, Volume 1, pp 08-014; doi:10.32662/gjph.v1i1.142

Abstract:
Every year more than 1.4 million children in the world die from variousdiseases that can be prevented by immunization. The purpose of thisresearch was to know the relationship of mother characteristic anddistance of health service to the completeness of basic immunization ininfant in Dulukapa.The type of the study was an analytic survey usingcross sectional study design, sampling technique ie exhautive samplingwhich was a sampling scheme where the researcher token all thesubjects from the population as the samples as many as 150 babies.The analysis was used univariate and bivariate analysis with chisquare test. The proportion of infants who received completeimmunization 92 (61.3%) infants and immunizations did not complete asmany as 58 (38.7%) babies. Using the chi square statistical test showedthat there was significant associated between maternal education (pvalue = 0.002), maternal occupation (p value = 0,000), maternalknowledge (p value = 0,000), health service distance (р value = 0,002)with completeness of immunization base on the baby. To improve thecompleteness of basic immunization in infants, the mother should payattention to infant health and always bring the baby to the immunizationand to the health center and health personnel to further improve healtheducation routinely, especially in the provision of basic immunization.
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top