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Results in Journal Journal of International Education and Practice: 21

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Doreen Ahwireng, Yegan Pillay
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v3i3.2672

Abstract:
Responding to an increasingly globalized world, universities are training students to function in a multicultural environment through internationalization. Institutional culture can influence policies and practices for internationalization. Research in internationalization indicate that majority of the studies on the contributions of organizational cultures to internationalization across universities focused on the perspectives of faculty and university senior level administrative personnel and neglected the views of students. This qualitative case study explored students’ understanding of how organizational culture contributes to promote internationalization using international events that occur at two U.S universities. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection. Purposeful and snowball sampling were employed to select domestic and international undergraduate and graduate students for the study. Findings indicate that integration into university family, community relationship, buffering, communication, symbols, and shared values and beliefs cultures are critical to promote higher education internationalization.
Khaing Khaing Lwin
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v3i3.2881

Abstract:
The paper presents the comparative study on numerical methods of Euler method, Improved Euler method and fourth-order Runge-Kutta method for solving the engineering problems and applications. The three proposed methods are quite efficient and practically well suited for solving the unknown engineering problems. This paper aims to enhance the teaching and learning quality of teachers and students for various levels. At each point of the interval, the value of y is calculated and compared with its exact value at that point. The next interesting point is the observation of error from those methods. Error in the value of y is the difference between calculated and exact value. A mathematical equation which relates various functions with its derivatives is known as a differential equation. It is a popular field of mathematics because of its application to real-world problems. To calculate the exact values, the approximate values and the errors, the numerical tool such as MATLAB is appropriate for observing the results. This paper mainly concentrates on identifying the method which provides more accurate results. Then the analytical results and calculates their corresponding error were compared in details. The minimum error directly reflected to realize the best method from different numerical methods. According to the analyses from those three approaches, we observed that only the error is nominal for the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method.
Carla C. Van De Sande
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i4.1383

Abstract:
If you don’t use it, you lose it. School breaks, during which students do not regularly participate in instruction, can therefore have negative consequences on learning. This is especially true for mathematics learning since skills build progressively on earlier materials. How can we bridge these gaps in formal instruction? The Keeping in School Shape (KiSS) program is a mobile, engaging, innovative, and cost-effective way of using technology to help students who have time off between related math courses stay fresh on prerequisite knowledge and skills. Founded on learning theory and designed on a model of behavioral change, the KiSS program embodies retrieval practice and nudges by sending students a daily multiple-choice review problem via text messaging over school break. After rating their confidence in solving the daily problem students receive feedback and a solution. This study explores measures of participation, accuracy, and confidence in an implementation of the KiSS program over winter break between two sequential introductory engineering courses at a large state university in the Southwest United States. Results indicate that careful attention should be paid to the construction of the first few days of the program, and that encouragement, additional resources for review and practice, and an increased breadth of problem difficulty may improve participation.
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i4.1333

Abstract:
Not much research has been done on motivation to study a second, third or even fourth foreign language though learners of such languages have been increasing. To contribute to this, the present study examined German learning motivation of Chinese university students at different proficiency levels. A total of 297 German learners at three different proficiency levels at a university in Beijing filled in the questionnaires, of whom 191 answered the open-ended question and 50 were informally interviewed. Analyses of the data revealed the following major findings: (1) most respondents at each proficiency level had limited access to and little chance to use German, liked the language, studied it (very) hard and did not think the language was difficult, (2) students at different proficiency levels studied German for similar reasons such as major study/research, further education, future career, interest in foreign language learning and German, and (3)students at higher proficiency levels perceived German to be more difficult and worked harder on it. Students at higher proficiency levels were both integratively and instrumentally more motivated to study German and had greater motivation intensity as well. It is clear that students at different proficiency levels were motivated to study German and that students at the advanced level tended to be more integratively motivated than those at the beginning level. Based on these findings, some suggestions are discussed.
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i4.1309

Abstract:
In today’s world, education is not being considered as an outcome anymore but a journey. However, as the adventurers, our students are facing more and more complex challenges. Previously, the socio-economic status of a student's family seemed to be one of the biggest factors among inequality causes. However, the chaotic situation of today's VUCA (volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity) world is generating more and more types of inequity and inequality. Thus, the purpose of the study is to develop LERB - a simple model to classify inequity and inequality, as a stepping-stone to build a gap detection framework in the future. Through a structured literature review, the study found the interconnection between equity and equality, as well as their transition toward student as an individual or as a group(s) and subgroup(s). The study can also be adapted to examine the correlation between different categories of equity, as well as to brainstorm and propose remedies to tackle those gaps.
Tiffanye McCoy-Thomas
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i4.1632

Abstract:
Eye-tracking is a unique research method in education to help understand learners’ attention, reading struggles, learning strategies, and learning behaviors within the context of multimedia. This study overviews the empirical studies in this field, examines the role of eye-tracking in learning predictability, and discusses the ways that eye-tracking can be used for early intervention.
Yong Luo, Junhui Liu
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i1.418

Abstract:
Negative worded (NW) items used in psychological instruments have been studied with the bifactor model to investigate whether the NW items form a secondary factor due to negative wording orthogonal to the measured latent construct, a validation procedure which checks whether NW items form a source of construct irrelevant variance (CIV) and hence constitute a validity threat. In the context of educational testing, however, no such validation attempts have been made. In this study, we studied the psychometric impact of NW items in an English proficiency reading comprehension test using a modeling approach similar to the bifactor model, namely the three-parameter logistic cross-classified testlet response theory (3PL CCTRT) model, to account for both guessing and possible local item dependence due to passage effect in the data set. The findings indicate that modeling the NW items with a separate factor leads to noticeable improvement in model fit, and the factor variance is marginal but nonzero. However, item and ability parameter estimates are highly similar between the 3PL CCTRT model and other models that do not model the NW items. It is concluded that the NW items introduce CIV into the data, but its magnitude is too small to change item and person ability parameter estimates to an extent of practical significance.
Philip Michael Henry
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i1.403

Abstract:
The ambition of this work is to explore a participatory design dress making methodology and the potential to positively impact on more sustainable fashion consumption habits amongst young women. The argument that our apparel buying habits need to change is well-establish; what is becoming more apparent is that the efforts to recondition current consumers and their affaire with fast fashion are making little headway. This work centres the education environment and how the fostering of new skill sets, or arguably traditional making skills, can offer a pathway for change. Work towards altering a younger generations consumer habits that otherwise will likely develop inline with the expected fast fashion cycles of purchase and waste, shopping for homogenised and expendable clothing. A key outcome of the work is that engagement in garment designed and construction invoked an apparent positive emotional attachment not evident in typical fashion purchases. Interesting it is not lost that the there was evidence of contradictions towards fashion consumption. On the one hand participants demonstrated a positive attitude towards sustainability and an awareness of the broader negatives impacts of waste. Yet already at a relatively young age their evolving consumer habits show them to be drawn into the social values that are enmeshed in the perception of fashion. The value of the work is the willingness of the participants to be involved, the pride they felt in their achievements and most significant for a core element, enthusiasm to continue with making. If this same enthusiasm could be captured in a new imagining of fashion and retailing the values of quality, longevity, and individuality can remerge as anticipated standards for clothing.
Salem Abedel Aziz Alkhawaldeh
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i1.335

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to explore the effects of the cyclic inquiry model, conceptual change texts, and traditional instructions on promoting understanding of photosynthesis and respiration in plants. The data were obtained from 33 students in the first experimental group taught with cyclic inquiry model (CIM), 34 students in the second experimental group taught with conceptual change texts (CCT), and 34 students in the control group taught with traditional instruction (TI). After instruction, data were analyzed with analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) using Pre-test scores and Logical thinking scores as covariates. The results indicated the cyclic inquiry model (CIM) and conceptual change texts (CCT) treatment groups significantly outperformed the traditional instruction (TI) group in understanding of photosynthesis and respiration in plants. A statistically significant difference between two experimental groups was found in favor of the of cyclic inquiry model CIM.
Josep Gallifa
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i1.603

Abstract:
After the exploration of different kind of thinking skills oriented to discerning complex issues and phenomena, this article argues about the need to use a new modality of thinking, defined as integral thinking. Based on the holonic theory and on the proprieties of the holons and their part-whole relationships, the paper proposes and characterizes integral thinking, a kind of thinking that is holistic but also has span and profundity, going beyond conventional Aristotelian epistemic-inspired ways. Integral thinking joins in a single model the assets of premodern, modern and postmodern thinking systems; and helps in going beyond the nowadays syncretism of many perspectives. Integral thinking is the kind of thinking appropriated to the contemporary need to think integrally in science, culture, professions, and arts or about the evolution of personal consciousness. It’s useful also to be applied in the diverse professional fields, especially when comprehensive approaches are needed. Integral thinking can be used in holistic education and pedagogies. The use of integral thinking in the educational actuality can help to characterize the integral education practice and agenda.
Jing Zhao, Xiaojing Zou, Wenpeng Shang
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i1.395

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to further investigate the validity of the instrument used for collecting preservice teachers’ perceptions of self-efficacy adapting the three-level hierarchical generalized linear modeling (HGLM) model. To serve the purpose, the study used data collected by the research team which elicited preservices teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs using Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES). Hierarchical generalized linear modeling (HGLM) were used to analyze the data. Results of the HGLM analyses (at level-two) showed that one item in the scale displayed gender DIF. Another item became DIF item when the context variable was added to the level-two model. However, the effect of the context on the DIF item was not big.
Yong Luo
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.356

Abstract:
Use of cutoff values for model fit indices to assess dimensionality of binary data representing scores on multiple-choice items is a popular approach among researchers and practitioners, and the commonly used cutoff values are based on simulation studies that used as the generating model factor analysis models, which are compensatory models without modeling guessing. Consequently, it remains unknown how those cutoff values for model fit indices would perform when (a) guessing exists in data, and (b) data follow a noncompensatory multidimensional structure. In this paper, we conducted a comprehensive simulation study to investigate how guessing affected the statistical power of commonly used cutoff values for RMSEA, CFA, and TLI (RMSEA > 0.05; CFA < 0.95; TLI < 0.95) to detect violation of unidimensionality of binary data with both compensatory and noncompensatory models. The results indicated that when data were generated with compensatory models, increase of guessing values resulted in the systematic decrease of the power of RMSEA, CFA, and TLI to detect multidimensionality and in some conditions, a small increase of guessing value can result in dramatic decrease of their statistical power. It was also found that when data were generated with noncompensatory models, use of cutoff values of RMSEA, CFA, and TLI for unidimensionality assessment had unacceptably low statistical power, and while change of guessing magnitude could considerably change their statistical power, such changes were not systematic as in the compensatory models.
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.255

Abstract:
Keyword technique has been investigated extensively in the literature to examine its effectiveness on L2 pronunciation. However, previous studies have not examined how computer-assisted keyword technique could aid L2 learner to pronounce weak forms in English accurately. Therefore, this study aims at investigating the effect of computer-assisted keyword technique on acquiring weak forms pronunciation. A total of 60 Arab EFL learners participated in the study and assigned into three groups. The first group viewed a video containing weak forms in English dubbed with L1 keyword. The second group was taught weak forms and aided with keyword traditionally. The third group was taught the same content using traditional way without keyword. Results of the post-tests indicated that participants in keyword technique (either computer-assisted or traditionally) outscored the participants who did not use keyword technique. The study concluded that keyword technique, either used with the help of computer or used traditionally, is a useful tool to enhance weak forms pronunciation.
Maria Isabel Garcia-Planas
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.317

Abstract:
Strength in sustainability is becoming more and more essential for anyone who wants to dedicate themselves to the practice of competent and professional engineering. From the scientific-technical teachings, therefore, the transversal competencies of sustainability and social commitment should be addressed, so that students understand and become aware of the problems of a global world. Using the project-based learning tool (PBL), from a practical case, transversal competencies related to the global issues of the Sustainable Development Objectives (ODS) can be explained and evaluated in a classroom of Engineering or scientific degrees through the subject of Linear Algebra. This project presented is novel since usually, in a class of mathematics, teacher proposes examples in which we can see an attempt to approximate math to essential topics such as sustainability. In this case, the procedure is the other way round; it is about setting as the objective of the course the solution of a problem related to sustainability and adapting the mathematics program so that throughout the course the problem is solved. It is not about looking for application examples of the tools, but looking for algebra tools to solve the problem.
Dung Thi Thanh Tran
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.380

Abstract:
This paper aims to examine the determinants of the academic performance of 141 colleges in Vietnam in 2011/12–2013/14. The second-stage bootstrapping data envelopment analysis is proposed to estimate performance of colleges and investigate the effects of environmental factors on their performance. The findings reveal that colleges in the surveyed sample are not technically efficient in their operations. To obtain the full efficiency of unity, colleges could potentially improve their efficiencies, on average, 37.7 per cent for colleges. However, inefficiencies of colleges are not entirely a result of managerial performance. Instead, external factors including location, age, and ownership are presented as key influencers on inefficiencies of colleges. Our results are expected to provide more understanding of the operational efficiencies of colleges for educational managers and policy makers on the way seeking possible solutions to enhancing innovation in performance of Vietnamese colleges.
Josep Gallifa
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.415

Abstract:
This paper presents the holonic theory, which is an attempt to develop in a single model the explanation of the evolution in the physic, biologic and cultural dimensions. The purpose of this development is to understand the traits of nowadays common holism, which is considered a necessary thinking practice in different domains, among them education. A phenomenological study has been developed connecting diverse noospheric holons. The results allow for a characterization of the holonic structure of a holistic consciousness act. This characterization is used to define holistic education: An education with the dimensions of preservation, profundity, projective action and span. The article can be read as a contribution to provide ontological and epistemological bases for going beyond the modern worldview and the widespread postmodern syncretism. These findings help in providing a framework for today’s holistic pedagogical debates and developments.
Song Chen
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.76

Abstract:
The new public service theory provides a rich theoretical perspective and scientific methodology for the education management innovation of colleges and universities in China. The meaning of “humanity”, “responsibility” and “service” can help to change many problems in the education management of colleges and universities in China. To build a service-oriented education management model for colleges and universities, we need to:(1) Establish a public service concept and change the administrative management style of higher education;(2) Build a common value base and promote the participation of multiple entities in higher education management;(3) Deepen the responsibility of social services and realize the “legal management” of higher education.
Xiaoyan Chen
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.77

Abstract:
Based on innovative national construction background, aiming at the present stage of China’s independent innovation ability is insufficient constraints, embarks from the national innovation strategy and innovation of education guiding ideology, through analyzing the path of innovation education in the developed countries, the experience for reference and 30 years of innovation education practice in China, seeking to build the development of higher vocational teachers’ ability of innovation education promotion mechanism, to improve the quality of creative skills training and service transformation and upgrading of local industry has the vital significance.
Dihua Wu
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.75

Abstract:
The era of big data has brought shocks to education, and it has also put forward new requirements and expectations for education innovation. Based on the development requirements of comprehensive education reform, innovative talent training, and optimization of education and teaching methods in the era of big data, it is extremely necessary to carry out educational innovation. In the era of big data, education innovation has also shown a certain development trend. We should fully understand the necessity of education innovation in the era of big data, grasp the development trend of education innovation in the era of big data, make full use of big data thinking, methods and techniques, and start from the aspects of education decision-making, education and teaching reform, and the construction of big data education service platform to find a new path for educational innovation in the new era.
Jianhua Wang
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.80

Abstract:
Since higher education research has emerged from pedagogy, many studies have long failed to place higher education within the education system. In a multidisciplinary perspective, higher education issues are more often seen as social issues shared by disciplines than purely educational issues. Due to the lack of pedagogical perspectives, higher education studies are not well-known, and higher education research has become a broad multidisciplinary field with no roots. Although at the organizational level, the current higher education research has made progress in the institutionalization of disciplines, higher education has also obtained disciplines in universities in China, However, at the level of disciplines, research on higher education must reflect or not. Re-examine the great value of education in higher education research, it is clear that the “higher education” pedagogy is an indispensable foundation for the maturity of higher education research or the realization of higher education.
Gang Fan
Journal of International Education and Practice, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v1i1.78

Abstract:
The results of school education innovation must ultimately be practiced in the classroom. In a sense, the classroom is the key to the success of school education innovation. At present, there are many problems in the school classroom that need to be solved and need to be discussed, but the core of the problem is the construction of classroom culture. Therefore, constructing a good classroom culture, making excellent classroom culture linger in the classroom, connecting between teachers and students, accompanying the journey of life, and then fundamentally achieving the purpose of school education innovation - responsible for the lifelong development of students, should Become the starting point and destination of school education innovation. Building a good classroom culture is the key to teachers.
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