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Results in Journal Psychological Research and Intervention: 35

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Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Banyu Wicaksono
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 47-61; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i2.41383

Abstract:
How the self-discrepancy of self-injurious adolescents was formed is yet to be understood clearly. Several studies have clearly stated that self-discrepancy contributes to propel adolescents to injure themselves. This study attempted to understand the dynamics of self-discrepancy formation in the sample of late adolescents who self-injure. This study used a descriptive qualitative research method and case study approach to examine this phenomenon. Data were obtained from six participants, using an open-ended questionnaire, which asks about how self-discrepancy in the participants was formed. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis to identify themes and subthemes that indicate how self-discrepancy was formed. The result showed that ten significant themes emerge in the self-discrepancy formation of self-injurious adolescents. Two factors contribute to form self-discrepancy among adolescents who self-injure: external dan internal. These factors are achieved from the familial and social interaction that are perceived negatively by the participants. Based on the results of this study, self-discrepancies in adolescent self-injurers should be considered when intervening in self-injurious adolescents.
Eka Apristian Pantu
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 4, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v4i1.40381

Abstract:
The spread of Covid-19 encourages educational institution to maximize online learning. Online learning can work well if students are able to focus on learning. The ability to focus on learning is known as academic flow. This study aims to explain effect of academic self-efficacy on flow academic in online learning. This research involve 296 participants who were selected by incidental sampling. The instruments used in this research are self-efficacy scale and flow short scale which were analyzed by using linear regression techniques. The results shows that academic self-efficacy have a significant effect on academic flow (β=0,609; p=<0,001). This means that any increase in academic self-efficacy will have an impact on an increase in academic flow.
Rita Eka Izzaty
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 62-71; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i2.41384

Abstract:
Social problem-solving strategy accepted by society is the essential accomplishments in the development of pre-school children. However, until recent studies, social problem-solving strategies among pre-school children in Indonesia is still rarely conducted. This research examines the role of age, gender in children, and friends’ gender towards social problem-solving strategies. This research utilised a purposive sampling that voluntarily involved 162 children 4-6 years old. Those children were selected from an intact family consisting of a father, mother and children who lived together. A hypothetical social situation dilemma was utilised to gather social problem-solving strategies data from the subjects. The data were analysed with the use of cross-tabulation and chi-square test. Concerning the data analysis, the results reveal no significant difference in social problem-solving strategies when viewed in terms of age and gender of the children and friends’ gender. This suggests that children ages 4 to 6 years for boys and girls still have the same patterns of social behaviour dealing with similar gender and different ones.
Novia Haryani
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 4, pp 43-49; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v4i1.44025

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the level of career adaptability and work engagement and the effect of career adaptability on work engagement in millennial generation employees at a startup company. This type of research is ex post facto with a quantitative approach. The population of this study amounted to 34 employees who work at the startup company. This research is a population study; therefore, it uses the entire population of employees. The instrument uses a psychological scale of career adaptability and works engagement. The validity of the research scale uses content validity by expert judgment. The reliability of the research scale was estimated using Cronbach Alpha and composite reliability. The results of the descriptive analysis show that the level of career adaptability and work engagement of millennial generation employees at A startup company is relatively high. The results of multiple linear regression analysis show that: (1) career adaptability affects work engagement, (2) career adaptability concerns and curiosity dimensions affect work engagement, (3) career adaptability dimensions control and confidence have no effect on work engagement.
Ni Nyoman Budiartini
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 4, pp 9-18; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v4i1.43287

Abstract:
This research aimed to understand the effect of stress during the pandemic on marital quality in Bali. This research used a quantitative approach. Subjects involved in this research were 242 people who had been married for at least five years, with intact family conditions, and lived in Denpasar City, Bali. The instruments in this research were the COVID Stress Scale from Taylor (2020) and the Marital Quality scale arranged by Nurhayati (2017). The validity of this research used content validity by expert judgment. Reliability in the scale of this research used the Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient. The COVID stress variable has a reliability of 0.934, while the variable of marital quality has a reliability of 0.889. As for the data analysis, descriptive analysis and simple linear regression analysis were used. Based on the data analysis, the regression coefficient was 0.028 and sig. 0.307, with the value of R square = 0.004. The results showed that COVID stress does not affect the marital quality in Bali.
Zarra Janna Muhammad, Yulia Ayriza
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 80-91; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i2.42195

Abstract:
This study aimed to assess the correlation between the secure attachment style of child-mother and violence in adolescents’ romantic relationships. A quantitative approach with a correlational method is used in this research. The subject in this study were 408 adolescents aged 18-22 years who were in romantic relationships and lives in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The data collection method used in this study is the questionnaire method with the instrument used are the IPVAS-R scale and IPPA-M scale. Both scales used convergent validity with correlations of 0,18-0,78. Then the two scales were re-validated by expert judgement. Reliability for the IPVAS-R was 0,76, and the IPPA-M was 0,87. The data analysis used a non-parametric correlation test. The research results showed a negative correlation between child-mother secure attachment style and dating violence with r=-0,221 and α= 0,000 (p<0,01). The higher the secure attachment style between child and mother, the lower the violence in romantic relationships.
Susilo Hidayat, Farida Agus Setiawati
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 4, pp 35-42; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v4i1.43949

Abstract:
This study investigates the effect of brand authenticity as a mediator of self-congruity relationships on coffee shops consumer loyalty. Data obtained by cross-sectional method with convenience/accidental sampling through an online survey platform. Four hundred thirty responses (44.4% male) were collected from consumers of various brands of coffee shops located in DIY. The mediation effect hypothesis was tested using a bootstrapping approach and additional analysis of the causal step approach using the Sobel test. Self-congruity and brand authenticity have a positive effect on brand loyalty. There is a partial mediating effect produced by brand authenticity on the relationship between self-congruity and brand loyalty. Consumers' consideration to be loyal to the brand is not only based on the suitability of their self-concept with the brand image/brand users image (self-congruity), but also the brand's authenticity.
Umi Farida
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 92-99; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i2.42196

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of flexible working arrangements on the work engagement of online motorcycle taxi drivers. This research used a quantitative approach and included ex-post facto research. This study used 297 online motorcycle taxi drivers in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The data collection technique used a measuring instrument in the form of a psychological scale that has been tested for validity and reliability. The psychological scale is the work engagement scale with Cronbach's Alpha 0.881 and the flexible working arrangements scale with Cronbach's Alpha 0.910. The data analysis technique to test the research hypothesis used a simple regression test. Based on the data analysis, the regression coefficient was 1.636 and sig. 0.000<0.005 with R Square=0.671. These results indicate an effect of flexible working arrangements to work engagement positively and significantly by 67,1%.
Kartika Nur Fathiyah, Tria Widyastuti, Farida Agus Setiawati, Rahmatika Kurnia Romadhani, Yulia Ayriza, Yahya Abdullah, Lu’Lu Inayatul Lilmuallafah
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 72-79; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i2.41385

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic alters many aspects of everyday life that we have grown accustomed to. The enactment of various new policies to curb the spread of the disease, i.e., social distancing, work and study from home, restrictions on large-scale activities and restriction in travelling, compel each one of us to adjust. Not to mention the fear of being infected with COVID-19. These conditions led to various psychological problems such as anxiety, low hope, and negative emotions. Efforts to improve people’s mental health are urgently needed. One such step is to increase one’s understanding of self-management in facing psychological problems due to COVID-19. This study aims to improve the community’s mental health, namely the residents of Blotan hamlet during the COVID-19 pandemic through online self-management psychoeducation. To test the effectiveness of psychoeducation, this study used a one-group pre and post-test design. A total of 31 subjects participated in the activity in full. We can infer the effectivity through the anxiety score, hope, and positive emotions on the pre and post-test measurements. The results found that self-managed psychoeducation facing psychological problems during the pandemic significantly increased positive emotions (t = -2,753, df = 30, and p <.05). As for the measurement of anxiety and hope, there was no significant change due to the subject’s anxiety score and hope were already in the medium category.
Khadijah Auliaur Rohmaani, Cut Nurul Kemala
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 4, pp 19-34; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v4i1.41245

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to measure the decrease in depression symptoms experienced by the participant before and after following the intervention by applying the Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (iCBT) approach. The participant was HN, a 14-year-old female adolescent who refused school due to major depressive disorder. The design of this study was a single-subject design with pre-post measurement. The intervention program was held eight sessions with a pre-session one day before, and a follow-up session was given two weeks after. The instruments used for this research are Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) to measure depression symptoms and Mood-o-meter, which serves as a mood rating to measure HN's mood fluctuation. This study showed depression symptoms decreased and positive mindset change and behavior towards the social environment at the end of the intervention program.
Rahmatika Kurnia Romadhani
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i1.34753

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to explore what make children happy. The study was a survey on the number of 64 elementary students. An open ended questionnaire was used to learn what makes children happy. The data was analyzed using preliminary coding, categorization, axial coding, and selective coding. The respondents’ answers were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Result showed that there were two elements of the source of children happiness, those are (1) Self-fulfillment (95.54%) consisting of doing activity, doing hobby, leisure time, achievement, gift; (2) Relations with others (4.46%) consist of relations with family and friends. This study gave insight that self-fulfillment is an important source of happiness in children. This study shows that all are nothing but social engagement.
Nadia Miranti Kusumasari
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i1.34751

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of father's involvement towards social adjustment in adolescent. This study uses quantitative approaches with the type of survey research. The population of this study are 437 students of 7th and 8th grade at MTs Negeri 1 Yogyakarta with 211 students as a sample which determined by simple random sampling technique. Data was collected by using father’s involvement scale and social adjustment scale. Validity in the scale of this study used content validity carried out by expert. Reliability in the scale of this study used Alpha Cronbach reliability coefficient of 0,951 on the father’s involvement scale and 0,905 on the social adjustment scale. As for data analysis, descriptive analysis and simple linear regression analysis are used. The results of this study showed that father’s involvement has a significant contributed 27,1% towards social adjustment in adolescent (F = 77,672; p = 0,000 < α 0.05). As for the line of regression equation obtained is Y = 47,789 + 0,289X.
Endah Sri Wahyuningsih
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 13-23; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i1.32020

Abstract:
This research purposed to examine the significance effect of organizational commitment on individual performance, especially national polce member. Polri's performance is determined by several factors, situations and has relationship between corps. Bad corps' performance will impact the performance of the other corps .For intensify performances, many things can be done. One of them is organizational commitment. Organizational commitment has a relationship in improving performance. The higher the organizational commitment, the higher the level of performance, and the lower the organizational commitment, the lower the level of performance. The Research subject are all of Kotagede Police Members Yogyakarta (59 people). Data collection method that researcher used is spread the scale which contains statements about organizational commitment variables, whereas for performance variables researcher use performance data of the National Police's members of the Kotagede District Police of Yogyakarta. For the data analysis method, researcher used simple analysis with help of SPSS 21 statistical program. The results of the study have a convincing influence between organizational support and organizational commitment simultaneously on the performance of Polri members. the effect of organizational commitment is stronger than organizational support for performance. So, the performance of the national police organization, are determined by organizational commitment and perceived organization's support, both simultaneously or partially.
Shintya Putri Setiowati
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 24-28; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i1.28467

Abstract:
Rumkit (Hospital) service improvement is associated with trusted personnel in treating patients. The form of supervision of Rumkit, accreditation is held every year. Rumkit personnel requirements namely improving skills and updating knowledge related to the profession. But the problem faced by personnel is not being aware of their abilities. This is related to motivation or encouragement to personnel. The problem is seen, some personnel are less aware of the emotions they are feeling. Researchers conduct Self Awareness Training for rumkit personnel. Participants numbered 18 personnel consisting of several sections in Rumkit. Based on literature studies conducted by researchers, found a positive relationship between self awareness and work motivation. Therefore the researcher tried to implement a self awareness training program to increase the work motivation of Rumkit personnel. The results of paired sample t-test analysis showed that there was a change in motivation after psychological capital training, with a significant value of 0,000 (p
Farida Agus Setiawati
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 3, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v3i1.34731

Abstract:
The developments that occur in psychological measurement have an effect on the development of the quality of the tests used. Differential Aptitude Test (DAT) is a form of psychological test used to measure a person's talent. Measurement of aspects of talent needs to be proven on the success of post-aptitude test studies. Therefore, this study aims to examine: (1) the predictive validity of differential aptitude tests in predicting study success in psychology study programs, and (2) which subtests are influential in predicting the success of studies in psychology study programs. Data collection was carried out using test techniques and documentation techniques. The research subjects were 62 students majoring in psychology at Yogyakarta State University in the academic year 2016/2017. The data obtained were then analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis techniques, where the subtest scores on the DAT were treated as predictors and the Grade Point Average scores were treated as the dependent variable. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that: (1) the DAT test can predict the success of the study in the psychology study program; and (2) the subtest in DAT that has the most influence in predicting the success of the study in the psychology study program is the verbal subtest and the numerical subtest
Rachella Ryandra Fitri
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i2.28429

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to observe: (1) Gender difference in mental health literacy of Yogyakarta State University students and (2) Differences in mental health literacy of Yogyakarta State University students based on vignette character’s gender. The type of this study was factorial survey. In this study, respondents were presented with short descriptions called vignette that were constructed and contained elements that had been manipulated by the researcher to control certain variables, namely gender and mental disorders that the characters had. Then, subjects were asked to answer closed questions (Mental Health Literacy Test) based on the vignettes. The subjects in this study were 377 undergraduate students from Yogyakarta State University. The sampling techniques used in this study were cluster random sampling and incidental sampling. Chi-Square was performed to analyze the data. The results of this study indicated that: (1) There were gender differences in mental health literacy aspect positive attitudes toward professional help where more male respondents did not recommend seeking professional help for depression (2) There were differences in mental health literacy aspects knowledge about the causes of mental disorders and positive attitudes towards professional help based on gender vignette characters for depression.
Mawas Dwi Cahyadi
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i2.30326

Abstract:
This research aims to describe and find out the correlation between loneliness and the psychological well-being of international students of the Darmasiswa program at Yogyakarta State University. This research uses descriptive quantitative methods and data sources are obtained based on instruments that are distributed to 20 research subjects the international students. The research data were collected with the UCLA Loneliness Scale and Psychological Well Being Scale instruments which were then analyzed using SPSS 22.0 with the Pearson Product Moment correlation test. The results showed that there was a very weak negative relationship (r=-0.152) between loneliness and the psychological well-being of Darmasiswa students at Yogyakarta State University. Most research subjects have low levels of loneliness and moderate psychological well-being. There are two dimensions of psychological well-being that have the highest relationship with loneliness, namely environmental mastery (-0,338) and positive relationships with others (-0,299).
Judithya Anggita Savitri
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 23-30; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i2.30363

Abstract:
This study aimed to find out the impact of Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) FoMO on psychological well-being especially for social media users at the age of emerging adulthood. This study used a quantitative correlational research. The research was conducted through online questionnaire invloving 400 people obtained through accidental sampling method. The data collected using a fear of missing out (FoMO) scale and a psychological well-being scale that had been modified from Przybylski's FoMO scale and Ryff's Psychological well-being scale. The FoMO scale consists of 15 items with good reliability estimation (α = 0.849) and the psychological well-being scale consists of 45 items with also a good reliability estimation (α = 0.941). The data was analyzed using the simple linear regression. The anlysis revealed that FoMO was able to predict psychological well-being (F=43,753; p=0,000 < α 0,05). FoMO can predict psychological well-being with a contribution value of 9,99%. The regression equation line obtained was Y = 154,264 – 0,633X. Further discussion regarding the impact of fear of missing out on psychological well-being among emerging adulthood aged social media users were elaborated.
Rizky Mukti Aryatno
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 40-46; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i2.30361

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between work engagement and burnout in Korpolairud Ditpolair Baharkam Polri. This study was a correlational study with quantitative method. 120 members of Korpolairud who worked in the Subditpatrolair division were involved as participants. Simple random sampling was used as sampling method and 4 point Likert scale as data collection techniques. The work engagement scale was based on Schaufeli’s theory with aspects namely vigor, dedication, and absorption. Menawhile, the burnout scale was based on Maslach’s theory with aspects namely emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Based on data analysis using Pearson Product-Moment correlation test, the results of this study showed that there was a correlation between work engagement and burnout in Korpolairud Ditpolair Baharkam Polri as proved by -0.752 coefficient value and p=0.00. It can be concluded that the correlation between work engagement and burnout was significant and negatively correlated.
Yuni Syaudah
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 31-39; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i2.30364

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the coping strategies and level of psychological well-being of final year university student, as well as predicting psychological well-being of final year university student based on their coping strategies. This study employs quantitative approach with ex post facto research type. This study involves 135 university students from Faculty of Education Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta by means of accidental sampling technique. Data was collected through the coping scale (problem focused coping scale and emotional focused coping scale) and psychological well-being scale. The result of this study shows that coping strategy was able to predict psychological well-being (p = 0,000; p < α 0,05). Problem focused coping and emotional focused coping can predict psychological well-being by 12%. The regression equation line obtained is Y = 132,05+0,819x1-0,501x2
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 11-20; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i1.24526

Abstract:
Early intervention programme (EIP) are a range of different programmes included different types of therapy and education that aimed to help and support children with developmental delays or other specific health conditions. The programmes are helpful to improve children development and adaptability, enhance family capability in handling the special needs children and increase family and children participation in society. This research aims to discover the effectiveness and importance of the early special education in Malaysia. To meet the objectives of this study, a qualitative research using phenomenological approach has conducted on five special needs teachers who work in a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) early intervention centre in Johor, Malaysia by using purposive sampling. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the collected data. This research found that improvement in attention and behaviours, self-care skills, social interaction skills of special needs children are the effectiveness of early intervention services. Besides that, providing knowledge and happiness to the parents and preparing for integration into kindergarten and future schooling are also some of the effectiveness. The implications of this study consist of contributing significantly to the community by making people understand the effectiveness and importance of sending special needs children to the EIP. It is important for the parents to realise the importance of sending their special needs children to the EIP as earlier as possible as learning occur effective before six years old and behavior more likely to be trained. Keywords: early intervention services, early special education, special needs children
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 28-35; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i1.28048

Abstract:
How friendship between adolescent peers was formed is yet to be understood clearly. Whereas number of studies has clearly linked quality of friendship to various adaptive ability, school performance, and academic achievements. This study attempted to understand the dynamics of friendship formation in sample Javanese adolescents using indigenous psychology as its’ paradigm. Data was obtained from 120 respondents, (82 Girls, and 38 Boys) using open-ended questionnaire, which asks about how friendship between the respondent and their best friend(s) was formed. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis to identify themes and subthemes that indicates how friendship was formed. The result showed that there are two major theme that emerges in the beginning of friendship formation followed by other qualities related to it. This study reveals one more important aspect to be considered in understanding friendship formation between adolescents and their close friends
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 21-27; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i1.28031

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the dynamics of the career development on each stage, starting from growth, exploration and establishment in Batik makers of Giriloyo. This study employs case study qualitative research methods, and involves three women who worked as batik maker. Data analysis was performed by data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. From this research it is revealed that participants did not fulfill the developmental tasks at all three stages as a whole and they went through stages of career development sequences and period that is differed from the established theory of career development. It is also revealed that the participants experienced dissatisfaction with the wages. However, in the other hand they felt proud to be able to take part on their community and wishes to continue to make batik as long as they are physically able. The results of the study led researchers to recommend early career recognition by families, schools and communities.
Afada Alhaque, ,
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i1.24339

Abstract:
This study was conducted to see whether the training module of the application of the principle of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be used as an intervention to reduce the stress degree of adolescents aged 14 – 16 who have Down Syndrome’s sibling. The design of this research is quasi-experiment with One Group Pretest - Posttest Design method. The sample of the study were three adolescents aged 14 – 16 who had Down Syndrome’s sibling, were obtained by purposive sampling technique. The measuring tool used in this study is the Stress Degrees questionnaire, based on stress theory by Lazarus and Folkman (1984), to measure the stress degree, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II (AAQ-II) questionnaire to measure psychological flexibility, adapted into Indonesian from AAQ-II (Hayes, et al, 2004). The results showed that the application of the ACT principle significantly reduced the stress degree and increased the psychological flexibility of adolescents aged 14 – 16 who have Down Syndrome’s sibling, with a significance value of 0.016 (sig
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 2, pp 36-42; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v2i1.28058

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the relationship between parents and children in the perspective of adolescents with juvenile deliquency. This study uses qualitative methods with a phenomenological approach. The research subjects were two boys aged 16-20 years who had a delinquency scale score ≥17. In addition, the researcher uses the Theunnisen Delinquency Scale, as a deliquency scale, which has been translated and adjusted to the current conditions in Indonesia. As the result, it can be showed that relations according to adolescents with risky behavior were the existence of positive and negative relations. Positive relationships such as nurturing, transmitting values, closeness, attention, and togetherness. Negative relationships such as lack of support, lack of understanding, communication errors between parents and children, and conflicts that are not accompanied by good conflict management.
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i2.21324

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the relationship between job characteristics toward work engagement through the mediating psychological meaningfulness. Subjects in this study were a primary school teacher in Yogyakarta who totaled 132 (N=132) of teachers. Our data was collected using the work engagement scale (vigor, dedication, and absorption), job characteristics scale (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback), and psychological meaningfulness scale (meaningful work, others around the work environment, the work context, and spiritual life) — the methods of data analysis used path analysis techniques developed from regression analysis. Results of path analysis indicated that indirect effect was significant (p2 0.332 x 0.332 = 0.110) and the direct effect of 0511. Therefore, the total effect of the work engagement is direct and indirect effect that is 0.511 + 0.110 = 0.621 (62.1%). This means that hypotheses were accepted, there is a correlation between job characteristics toward work engagement through psychological meaningfulness as a mediator, where the suitability of job characteristics will improve work engagement through psychological meaningfulness as a mediator, where the suitability of job characteristics will improve work engagement through psychological meaningfulness that also higher on the teacher.
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i2.22024

Abstract:
This research was conducted based on three considerations. Firstly, childhood is a critical developmental stage that forms the foundation for the psychological well-being and future learning development of children. Secondly, the prevalence of child and adolescent behavioral problems is increasing, assumed to be caused by unhappiness. Thirdly, studies related to happiness in early childhood in Indonesia are still lacking. Therefore, this study aims to explore the meaning, situation, and parties associated with happiness in children. Our study is exploratory using a qualitative approach. The respondents include 51 children aged 4 to 6 years. The research took place in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. We interviewed the respondents and later analyzed the data using content analysis. The latter consist of three coding steps: open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. The results show that, 1) the meaning of happiness refers to positive affects (55%), activities (28.9%), getting something (8.89%), positive physical conditions (4.44%), and affiliation (2.22%), 2) The situations that make children happy are activities (36.61%), learning (11.61%), entertainment (9.82%), and sports (2.62%), 3) The parties who make children happy are families (77.92%), extended families (3.90%), non-family (19.48%), God (1.30%) and toys (1.30%).
Gloria Excelcise Muhammad, , Hadi Sutarmanto
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i2.21858

Abstract:
To cope with the pressure, freshmen needs to come up with various strategies, such as increasing their academic self-efficacy (Clark, 2005). This study was designed to understand how college freshmen increase their academic self-efficacy. We recruited 206 college freshmen, whom identified themselves as Javanese and we asked them to complete an open-ended questionnaire. We posed them with questions ‘do you believe that you can accomplish college assignment properly?’ and ‘how do you increase that belief?’ This study incorporates indigenous psychology in it’s design to understand the data contextually. Data obtained from the field was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Result showed that 46.60% respondent increase their academic self-efficacy by increasing mastery, 21.36% by increasing motivation, 12.14% by setting up mindset, 10.19% by increasing religiosity, and 5.34% by preparations.It can be concluded that most respondents increase academic self-efficacy by increasing mastery.
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i2.22162

Abstract:
This study examined how Javanese students perceive academic failure in their life from an indigenous psychology perspective. The perspective intends to give a contextual understanding that is rarely found. This research uses qualitative method with an open-ended questionnaire to carry out a deep understanding of respondent's own experiences. The asked question was ‘What is the influence of academic failure in your life today?’ The participants of this study are 80 undergraduate Javanese students who are studying in Yogyakarta by the time of data collection. The age range of the participants is 18-22 years old. Then, the obtained multiple responds data are analyzed using thematic content analysis. The categorized data is analyzed using cross-tabulations. The finding of this study shows that students reported academic failure as lesson-learned (41.4%), self-development (35.3%), negative emotion (7.07%), burdensome (6.06%), regretful (5.05%), and others which consisted of shy, material benefit, parents’ disappointment, got some friends (5.05%).
Sintia Gumara Dini
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i2.21860

Abstract:
Happiness is a subjective concept because every individual has a different benchmark. Nolen-Hoeksema (1998) argues that adolescents have a higher level of depression than adults, who tend to show lower levels. For that reason, there needs to be a scale to measure happiness in adolescents. This research aims to construct a happiness scale for adolescents in Yogyakarta to measure the level of happiness of adolescents in Yogyakarta in a valid way because not all measurement tools used in western cultures can be implemented in the east. This research uses a constructed psychological measurement tool. This research involves 120 adolescents aged 16-18 years in Yogyakarta. In the factorial validity test or factor analysis, there are several items separated from the initial indicators that form new indicators. These, however, are still able to uncover the aim of constructing the scale. From the 60 items proposed, five items were rejected, and 55 others were considered appropriate. Reliability testing yields a result of 0.936, meaning that the scale has a sufficient level of reliability.
Rosita Endang Kusmaryani, Juke R Siregar, Hanna Widjaja, Ratna Jatnika
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i1.21195

Abstract:
Regarding the phenomenon of teacher’s professionalism in Yogyakarta that is considered to be low, this study aims to explore the perceptions of teacher related to that matter. This research uses quantitative and qualitative approach with descriptive research type. Data were collected through open-questionnaires and interviews. The subject in this study consists of 74 teachers in Yogyakarta that includes public elementary school teachers, junior high school teachers and high school teachers. It is found that, based on teacher perceptions: (1) Professionalism includes expertise, social ability, self-integrity and productive behavior. (2) Teacher understands the term professional teacher better than teacher professionalism.
Alifia Cahya Wicaksani, Farida Agus Setiawati
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i1.21194

Abstract:
This study aims to assess: (1) teachers’ happiness level, (2) dimensions of teachers’ personality, and (3) effect of the big five personality dimensions on the happiness of primary school teachers in Belik. The research applied a quantitative descriptive method with the ex-post facto approach. It took place at primary schools in Belik. The subject consisted of 210 primary school teachers in the District of Belik. The sample was established using the cluster random sampling technique. The data were collected through questionnaires, the big five was measured by an instrument called BFI, and PANAS-X and SWLS for data on happiness. The data were analyzed using the multiple regression at the significance level of 5%. The result of descriptive statistic analysis showed that: teacher’s happiness in Belik was high, for the big five dimensions of personality, the highest was extraversion followed by agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and neuroticism. The statistics quantitavely suggested that the types of personality significantly affected the teacher’s happiness. The Extraversion personality dimension gave contribution of 2.85%, agreeableness of 2.25 %, openness of 3.80% and neuroticism of 2.13% of happiness.
Ummu Umayyah
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i1.21196

Abstract:
This study aims to find social support as a mediator of social identity against student stress. This study uses a stage cluster random sampling technique, the subject of this study amounted to 375 students scattered on 7 faculties at Yogyakarta State University. The result of the research shows that the social identity level of students is high, social support is high and stress level is classified. The path analysis a proved significant with the value of 0.036
Ade Ratih Pratiwi, Yulia Ayriza
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i1.21192

Abstract:
This study aims to: (1) improve interpersonal intelligence through traditional games for Kindergarten A students of RumahKu Tumbuh, (2) increase intrapersonal intelligence through traditional game on Kindergarten A students of RumahKu Tumbuh, and (3) describe the process of improving interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence through these traditional games. This study is a classroom action research, referring a modified version of the Kemmis and Taggart model. Data were collected using observation and interviews. The findings show that there is an increase in interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence through traditional game on kindergarten. Improved interpersonal intelligence of children overall in the pre-cycle obtained an average score of 22.59 (very low category), increased to 27.06 in cycle 1 (low category), and increased again to 34.65 with category in cycle 2. As for the increase in child intrapersonal intelligence overall score obtained in the pre-cycle average of 16.82 with a very low category, increasing to 21.35 with a low category in cycle 1 and increased again to 25.88 with category in cycle 2. The process of improving interpersonal intelligence through play action includes child benefit interact in-game, effective communication when asked and answered during play, and pursuing a strategy to win in the game, while at the intrapersonal include children express their emotions in the game, and children know their feelings by doing a question and answer session with the teachers at the end of the game.
Kartika Nur Fathiyah, Diana Setiyawati
Psychological Research and Intervention, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.21831/pri.v1i1.21193

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the effectiveness of face-to-face and webinar combination in increasing elementary school headmasters’ comprehension on School Wellbeing in Yogyakarta Special Region.This study used a quasi-experimental design. The subject of the research is 29 elementary school headmasters across Yogyakarta Special Region (abbreviated as DIY) that have participated in pretest, initial face-to-face session, webinar sessions, final face-to-face session, and posttest. The data analysis used t-test analysis using SPSS version 21 to analyze School Wellbeing, pre and post training.The result of the research shows that the combination of face-to-face and webinar sessions is proven effective to increase the comprehension on School Wellbeing of elementary school headmasters across DIY. However, after being reviewed from the process, the training session needs to be revised considering that many of the participants did not follow the entire session due to the clashing of participants’ personal schedule and training session.
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