Results in Journal GERAM: 54
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GERAM, Volume 7, pp 71-77; doi:10.25299/geram.2019.vol7(2).4026
This study aimed to describe the students’ language attitudes toward Indonesian language course and its implication in higher education. This research method was a case study. The participants in this study were 92 students of Faculty of Literature at Universitas Muslim Indonesia Makassar. The data were collected by using a questionnaire technique which developed by three indicators such as loyalty attitude, pride attitude, and awareness of language norms. The data collected was analyzed statistically by using SPSS program and the results were converted into four attitude categories; very positive, positive, positive enough, and negative. The results showed that, overall, the students’ attitude toward Indonesian language was in very positive category (68% of students numbe,r). Definitely, the students’ loyalty attitude was in the very positive category (77% of students number), the pride attitude was in the very positive category (61% of students number), and students’ awareness of language norms was in a positive category (70% of students number). Furthermore, the results of this study implied to be considered to the development of teaching Indonesian language becomes more creative and innovative and the development of qualified coursebook of Indonesian Language in higher education which suitable with current development.
GERAM, Volume 6, pp 1-9; doi:10.25299/geram.2018.vol6(2).1910
Writing ability is one of the demands of learning English. However, writing is also the most difficult skill faced by high school students in the city of Pekanbaru. For this reason, the learning model should be appropriate in accordance with the age development and problems faced by students. Thus, the authors attempted to analyze; (1) the effect of blended learning on students’ writing ability; (2) the effectof language attitude on students’ writing ability; and (3) the effect of blended learning model and language attitude on students’ writing ability. Referring to the problems and purposes of this study, the author used a quantitative approach namely the experimental method with factorial design. The research was conducted at SMAN 6 Pekanbaru by using a random sampling technique. To measure students' writing ability, the researchersemployed a writing test. Whereas to obtain information or collect data related to language attitude in this study, the researchers distributed questionnaires that have been tested for validity and reliability. After collecting data, researchers tested the data and hypotheses using SPSS 21. In this study, data was normally distributed and the population was homogeneous so that hypothesis testing could be continued. Based on the results of hypothesis testing, this study could be concluded that; (1) there was an effect of blended learning on students’ writing ability; (2) there was an effectof language attitude on students’ writing ability; and (3) there was no effect of blended learning model and language attitude on students’ writing ability.
GERAM, Volume 7, pp 64-70; doi:10.25299/geram.2019.vol7(1).2748
Learning Indonesian is not only learning languages but also studying literature. Literary learning is also very important with the aim of giving a sense of love to literature and making students have the ability to appreciate and be able to judge the results of literary works. One aspect taught in learning literature is writing poetry. The motive of the importance of the learning process of writing poetry literary works for students is to improve reading and writing skills which can be used as a routine activity to improve achievement. Based on the results of observations on the learning patterns of Literature of Class students at X IPS 3 Pekanbaru of SMAN 4 Pekanbaru, students' poetry writing skills were still low. Students had difficulty in determining ideas, diction, and the first word in writing poetry. The achievement of the indicator editing poetry in accordance with the elements of poetry was not maximal, students were confused in determining diction and language style. It took a solution to these problems through innovation in the application of learning models. Pararrel writing based learning based on the imagination of abstract objects was one solution that can improve the power of writing poetry. So, this study aimed to improve students' poetry writing skills. The method used in this study was class action research with two cycles approach. Based on the results of the research that has been carried out, using the pararrel writing based learning model using imagination of abstract objects can improve poetry writing skills students at X IPS 3 Pekanbaru of SMAN 4 Pekanbarusignificantly.
GERAM, Volume 6, pp 27-34; doi:10.25299/geram.2018.vol6(2).2051
Learning styles are the ways, attitudes, and habits undertaken by students to gain comfort in learning. In this case, the researcher analyzed the foreign students’ learning style from Thailand who are studying at the Islamic University of Riau. The result of study showed that foreign students’ learning style from Thailand tended to use Kinesthetic learning style. This was based on research findings, learning style that has the highest value of kinestetik with an average of 84.6%, followed by an auditory learning style with an average of 76.9% and then visual learning style with an average of 61.5 %. As the findings in research are: First, for visual learning style students prefered to use the media in the lecture process. They were more able to concentrate when the lecturer explains the lecture material when looking at the face. Students could not memorize the material while listening to music. Students understood the material written on the board rather than read more quickly. Second, for auditory learning style, students prefered their lecturers by using lecture method. Students more easily remembered well the lecture material during the discussion. Students will lose concentration, when they heard a noise. Students prefered to discuss with friends if they find problems learning. Third, for students' kinesthetic learning styles along with. Students were more interested in lectures that are in practice. Students memorized the material while walking more dominant. when studying students could not read quickly. The findings could certainly be an input for educators in order to absorb, organize, and suit the learning strategies with learning styles, so as to show good learning outcomes and will be in accordance with lecture objectives
GERAM, Volume 6, pp 10-26; doi:10.25299/geram.2018.vol6(2).1971
This study presents a related problem about the compound verbs in the Banjar Hulu language. Banjar language is the language used by the people of Indragiri Hilir Regency Riau. At present the state of the Banjar Hulu language is contaminated with modern culture and technology. Therefore, an in-depth study of the language of Banjar Hulu is needed. The problem that is examined is related to the form of the compound verb Banjar Hulu. The purpose of this study was to describe and explain in detail about the compound verbs in the Banjar Hulu language. This research is a type of field research using descriptive method. The research data is in the form of words spoken by the informant, with competent involvement data collection techniques. Data validation is done by triangulating the source by analyzing data regarding the original form and basic form. The results of this study are the discovery of the first basic compound verbs (a) basic compound verbs with the second noun component, (b) compound verbs with the first component adjectives, (c) basic compound verbs with the second component adjectives, (d) basic compound verbs with the first component adverb, (e) basic compound verb with both verb components. The two affiliated compound verbs; (a) affiliated compound verbs with the base of the components, (b) affixed compound verbs with the base of the free form, (c) affixed compound verbs with the two beraphyx components. The three compound verbs repeated.
GERAM, Volume 7, pp 43-53; doi:10.25299/geram.2019.vol7(1).2646
In the teaching and learning process the teacher plays an important role, the teacher must be able to choose the appropriate method. This study aimed to determine the improvement of Indonesian language learning outcomes in the subject matter of folklore offifth grade students at SD Negeri 008 Pulau Lancang. The study was conducted by using the STAD type cooperative method, which each cycle consists of four stages of planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. The subject of this research was fifth grade students. The results of the study using the STAD type cooperative method in learning Indonesian showed the involvement and activeness of students. Learning outcomes that obtained by students also increase in Cycle 1 and Cycle 2. From the data collection obtained learning outcomes in learning in cycle 1 was 73% of students completed learning, while cycle 2 learning outcomes became 100% students completed learning. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the use of the STAD type cooperative method can improve the learning outcomes of fifth grade students of 008 at SD Negeri 008 Pulau Lancang on Indonesian subjects.
GERAM, Volume 6, pp 77-90; doi:10.25299/geram.2018.vol6(2).2143
Analysis of language errors is the science of studying or discussing the use of languages that are notin accordance with the rules that have been determined based on standard grammar, these are stillfound in scientific works including in a collection of scientific papers of students of IslamicUniversity of Indonesia Language and Literature Study Program. The language used by students issometimes not in accordance with the rules of language contained in the Indonesian SpellingGeneral Guidelines (PUEBI). Therefore, this research was conducted with the aim of analyzing andinterpreting errors in syntactic level language, phrase fields and sentences in a collection ofscientific papers by students of the Islamic University of Riau Indonesian Language and LiteratureStudy Program. This study uses the content analysis method that is prescriptive. Data collectiontechniques using documentation and hermeneutic techniques. The data of this study are sourcedfrom a collection of scientific papers from students at the Islamic University of Riau FKIPIndonesian Language and Literature Study Program. The data studied was documented by reading,taking notes and then concluded and grouped based on the use of each level. Errors in language in acollection of student papers at the Islamic University of Riau FKIP Indonesian Language andLiterature Study Program found language errors at the syntactic level. The results of this study, thephrase field errors are excessive or redundant use of elements and improper use of prepositions.Meanwhile, language errors in the sentence field include, the sentence is not subject, the sentence isnot predicated, the sentence is not subject and is not predicated/sentence stumps such as the use ofwords, illogical sentences, excessive use of conjunctions, non-parallel sequences, use of foreignterms , and the use of unnecessary question words.
GERAM, Volume 6, pp 35-43; doi:10.25299/geram.2018.vol6(2).2055
Indonesian learning outcomes in the material describing the place in accordance with the plan / picture in grade IV SDN 011 Pulau Kedundung, Kuantan Tengah District, Kuansing Regency, is still low, so the learning outcomes have not fulfilled the KKM set by the school, namely 70, Class Action Research is carried out to improve student learning skills by using group work method in odd semester 2016/2017 school year. This study was conducted in two cycles, each cycle consisting of two meetings through four stages, namely planning, implementing, observing and reflecting. Student learning activity data is analyzed by determining the number and percentage of students involved at each meeting. The results showed that learning activities and student learning outcomes experienced improvement where in the initial data of the number of students who took the pre cycle post test (repeat test) as many as 28 people, it turned out that 13 people could be declared complete (46.4%) because the values obtained were the same or exceed the KKM (Minimum Completion Criteria) and the remaining approximately 13 people are declared as having not passed (53.6%). after the actions taken in the first cycle student learning outcomes have increased, it turns out that 18 people can be declared complete (64.3%) because the value obtained has the same or exceeded the KKM (Minimum Completion Criteria) and the remaining about 10 people declared incomplete (35.7 %), and cycle II students turned out to be 25 people declared complete (89.3%) because the value obtained was the same or exceeded the KKM (Minimum Completion Criteria) and the remaining only 3 people were declared incomplete (10.7%). From this data it can be concluded that the use of group work methods can improve the learning outcomes of Indonesian students.
GERAM, Volume 7, pp 23-32; doi:10.25299/geram.2019.vol7(1).2644
The purpose of this study was to improve the learning outcomes of Indonesian language by using experiential learning models atsixth grade students of SD Negeri 008 Pulau Lancang, Benai District, Kuantan Singingi Regency. This research was conducted based on student learning activities in the Indonesian learning process is still low so as to produce learning does not meet the KKM which has been set by the school which is 70. Furthermore, this research was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four sides, namely planning, implementation, observation and reflection. To collect research data used a collection sheet that was filled by observers and learning outcomes tests given at the end of the cycle. Student learning activity data was analyzed by the number and percentage of students involved in each meeting. The improvement of learning outcomes can be seen from the number of students who completed at the end of the cycle. The results showed that learning activities and student learning outcomes improved after being implemented in the first cycle of students who achieved excellent grades from 12 students only 2 (17%), both 3 people (25%), sufficient categories of 2 people (17%) and at there are less categories of 5 students (42%) while in the second cycle increased to 8 students (67%) has found a very good category and 4 students (33%) in the good category that meant 100% of students have finished. Based on the result of the research, it can be concluded that the application of the educative learning model can improve the learning outcomes of Indonesian language of sixth grade students at SD Negeri 008 Pulau Lancang.
GERAM, Volume 7, pp 81-89; doi:10.25299/geram.2019.vol7(1).2877
Environmental literary works appear as a form of literary sensitivity to society and the environment which has specific environmental tendencies. Studies using the theory of ecological literature began in around 2008 and above with a very limited number. Therefore, the development of studies of literary works with this theory is very necessary. The creation of public opinion about the importance of protecting the environment to reduce the impact of global warming is very necessary. Later, through several novels, authors have done it. However, not all messages in the novel are clearly conveyed so that they still need ecological literary criticism to understand them. Based on this, the problem raised in this study is "What is the ecological literary criticism of Indonesia's latest novels?". Data collection and data analysis is done by descriptive and content analysis methods. Data are classified and analyzed with ecological literary concepts according to Garrard including (1) pollution; (2) wilderness; (3) disaster; (4) housing / residence; (5) animals; and (6) earth. The research findings and discussion show that Indonesia's latest novels are friendly with their environment, want to describe as much detail as possible about the universe, worship nature, and are always interested in natural changes. Ecological literary concepts are contained in Indonesia's latest novels to describe the natural situation as well as to criticize human treatment of nature. Indonesia's latest novels teach that an attitude of compassion for nature gives rise to desire and behavior to protect and preserve nature as well as possible.