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Results in Journal Journal of Family Sciences: 65

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Egretta Melistantri Dewi, Herien Puspitawati, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 30-40; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.3.1.30-40

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of social capital and husband-wife interaction on marital quality among families in early years and middle yearsmarriage. The study was using cross sectional design. The selection of researchsites was purposively chosen in Bogor City. The location of the study was inKebon Pedes and Kedung Badak, regions of Tanah Sareal district. Samples of thisstudy were 120 families in early and middle years of marriage with wives as themain participants. Data were collected through interview using questionnaire. Thestudy found that social capital in families with early marriage age in theintermediate category, and in families with middle years of marriage is in the highcategory. Different test results show only in the dimensions of gender partnershipsthat families in middle years of marriage were higher than early years families. Onvariable of husband-wife interaction, half of the families with early marriage yearswere in the intermediate category and more than half of families with middleyears of marriage were in the high category. There wereno significant differencesin all dimensions of husband and wife interaction. In the variable quality ofmarriage, half of families with early years marriage were in the intermediatecategory, whereas more than half of families with middle years marriage were inhigh category. There wereno significant differences in all dimensions of maritalquality.
Risda Rizkillah, Megawati Simanjuntak
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 41-52; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.3.1.41-52

Abstract:
The aim of this article is to examine the allocation of expenditure for low-incomefamilies after receiving the Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) or ConditionalCash Transfer (CCT). Combination of cross-sectional and retrospective designswere applied in this research. Data collection locations were carried out in eightvillages in Dramaga District, Bogor Regency. The research sample wasdetermined randomly (probability sampling) used a systematic method andobtained a study sample of 150 CCT recipient families. Data was processing useddescriptive statistics. The CCT funding eligible for the family who has school-agechildren, toddlers, nursing mother, and pregnant woman. The CCT funds are spentby families with an average range of two weeks. The beneficiary of PKHsignificantly improving the quality of education and health, increasing the amountof family savings, and family income. The allocation of CCT funds more than halfis used for human investment. However, in the allocation of CCT funds, there arestill families who use PKH funds for non-educational activities such asfood/household needs, pay-off debt, saving, electricity payment, and businesscapital.
Nurul Salimah, Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 13-23; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.1.13-23

Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the influence of family characteristic, family capitals, and livelihood strategy toward family well-being. The sample of this study was family with wife who worked as a tea picker in Purwabakti, Pamijahan, Bogor. There were 100 families chosen randomly in this research. Family well-being was observed based on indicators defined by National Population and Family Planning Board (NPFPB) and Statistics Indonesia (SI). The analyses used in this research were descriptive analyses, independent sample T-test, and logistic regression. The result showed husband age and family size negatively affected the family well-being. Physical capital and financial capitals positively affected the family well-being. Meanwhile, livelihood strategy did not significantly affect the family well-being.Keywords: family capitals, family well-being, livelihood strategies Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik keluarga, kepemilikan modal keluarga, dan strategi nafkah terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga. Contoh dalam penelitian ini adalah keluarga dengan istri yang bekerja sebagai buruh pemetik teh di Desa Purwabakti, Kecamatan Pamijahan, Kabupaten Bogor. Contoh dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 100 orang yang dipilih secara acak. Kesejahteraan keluarga diukur dengan menggunakan indikator BKKBN dan BPS. Analisis yang digunakan merupakan analisis deskriptif, uji beda independent sample T-test dan uji regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur suami dan besar keluarga berpengaruh negatif signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga. Modal fisik dan modal finansial berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga. Sementara itu, strategi nafkah tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga.Kata kunci : kesejahteraan keluarga, modal keluarga, strategi nafkah
Dwi Ajeng Larasati, Hartoyo Hartoyo
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 13-24; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.2.13-24

Abstract:
The purpose of this research were to describe the cultural values, the value of children and mother's time allocation for children at Cimanuk watershed and to analyze the effect of family characteristic, cultural values, and value of children toward time allocation of mothers to children at Sundanese and Javanese. This research involved 200 families who have children below five years old selected with purposive method. The samples were interviewed by using structure questionnaire. The result of this research showed that there was no significant different on the perception of the value of children between Sundanese and Javanese families. Regression analysis showed that mother's time allocation for children was influenced by the age of children, the length of mother's education, the mother's occupation, the uncertainty avoidance and power distance dimension of cultural values.
Dewi Sukma Nurul Aziz, Diah Krinatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.2.2.1-10

Abstract:
The final stage of life in the elderly experienced changes of physical, psychological, or social that can effect instability of self concept. The aim of this research was to analyzed the effect of cognitive function, social interaction to self concept of elderly widows and widowers. The location of this research in Timbulharjo village, Sewon sub-district, Bantul district, Yogyakarta who chosen purposively with the consideration of the region which have the most elderly. The sample of this research was the elderly people aged more than 60 years old that have been abandoned by partner of life during grater than or equal to 2 years a go. Sample total of this research were 30 elderly widows and 30 elderly widowers. This research showed that there were not difference of cognitive function and social interaction between of elderly widows and elderly widowers, however there was difference of self concept between of elderly widows and widowers. In addition, ages and education have correlation with cognitive function, and social interaction have correlation with self concept. Meanwhile, marital status have negative influence and social interaction have positive influence to self concept so that widows status can decrease self concept of elderly, and better social interaction than better of self concept of elderly.
Atin Sumiarti, Herien Puspitawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 34-44; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.2.2.34-44

Abstract:
Domestic violence is action commit by a person to harm a family member. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between domestic violence, social support with self esteem of women as a victims. The sampel were 31 women victims of domestic violence in Bogor, West Java. Sampels were selected by purposive sampling, considering that the sampel had experienced domestic violence by her husband. The result showed that there was a negative correlation between age sampel with domestic violence. In addition, the results found showed a significant positive relationship between the length of education with social support and there is also a significant positive relationship between domestic violence with self esteem of this wife
Hamira Sabania, Hartoyo Hartoyo
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 24-38; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.1.24-38

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to analyze economic pressure, livelihood strategy, and well-being of families in Cimanuk Watershed. This study used a cross-sectional study design. As many as 72 samples of lower middle class families (determined by Poverty Line of BPS 2013) who have toddler and school age children were chosen puposively. This study was conducted in Garut District and Indramayu District. The results showed that inspite of being in poverty, only one out of three families felt highly economic pressure, and one out of ten families perceived poorly well-being. Family economic pressure was affected by the region difference, education level of father, and ownership of financial capital. Meanwhile, family well-being was affected by the education level of the father, financial capital, social capital, access to the environment, economic pressure, and livelihood diversification. Livelihood diversification is the strategy that most poor families did in Cimanuk Watershed. Livelihood diversification of families was affected by the age of the wife, expenditure per capita, social capital, and access to the environment.
Megawati Simanjuntak
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 39-49; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.1.39-49

Abstract:
Cash Conditional Transfer (CCT) or Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) is one of the attempts of Indonesian government to alleviate poverty. This study conducted in eight villages in Dramaga District, Bogor Regency for six months. This study aimed to analyze the difference of economic pressure and families coping strategies of economic functions between pre and post the family got CCT’s funds and to analyze the relationship of socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, economic pressure and coping strategies of economic functions. By using systematic random sampling, this study produced 150 samples. Family size, amount of debt, the ratio of debt and assets, and economic pressure significantly and positively correlated with the total coping strategies both in pre and post-CCT. On the other hand, the total coping strategies both in the pre and post-CCT also significantly and negatively correlated with the level education of wives. In addition, the husbands and wives age significantly and positively related to the coping strategies during post CCT, while the total family income correlated significantly and negatively.
Endang Nursolehah, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 11-22; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.2.2.11-22

Abstract:
The success of elderly life is characterized by the comforting conditions of loving care and attention from family and relatives, health and happy. This study aimed of this research are to determined the different, correlation and effect of communication with children and children in law and social support to success of life on elderly men and women. This research sample are choosen purposively as many as 60 young elderly aged 60-69 years old which is divided into 30 elderly men and 30 elderly women who still have a partner, children and children in law. The largest proportion of elderly on variabel communication elderly-children, communication elderly-children in law, social support and successful in elderly is in the medium category. Communication elderly-children and communication elderly-children in law has a significant positive correlation with social support. Social support is related and has a significant positive effect on the success of elderly life ,it mean that the higher social support will increase the success of elderly life
Dita Septia Ningsih, Tin Herawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 23-33; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.2.2.23-33

Abstract:
Aim of this study is to examine the influence of marital adjustment and family function toward family strength in early marriage. Research was located in Cibeber II village and Karehkel village, Leuwiliang sub-district, Bogor district, West Java. Samples of this study are 60 mothers from an early marriage family (under 20 years old) whose children are under five years old, and willingly participate in this study. Samples were chosen purposively. There is of correlation showed that age of husbands and age of husbands when married were negative significant correlation with family strength. Income per capita, marital adjustment, and family function were positive significant with family strength. The factors that affect family strength are income per capita, marital adjustment, and family function
Danisya Primasari, Herien Puspitawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 25-43; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.2.25-43

Abstract:
This research aimed to identify vulnerability and well-being of children in a family of farmers, identify the typology of vulnerability and well-being of children in the family of farmers, and analyze the relationship between family characteristics, characteristics of children with the vulnerability and well-being of children. The population in this research is family farmers who have children of 4 and 5th grade who reside in the village Sindangjaya, District Cipanas, Cianjur with a sample of 35 children. Sampling was conducted using probability sampling method with random sampling techniques. The results showed that the internal susceptibility to family farmers is low, relatively low external vulnerability, and low well-being. Typology vulnerability of children and the well-being of children in a family of farmers included in Type 1 and Type 4. There was a significant negative correlation between family size and order of the child with the child's welfare, but there was no significant relationship between the characteristics of families and children with children's vulnerability.
Tin Herawati, Inne Nurajizah
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 44-54; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.2.44-54

Abstract:
Lagging economic conditions, especially in rural areas cause residents leave their hometown or become a migrant to get a job in order to meet the family needs. This study aimed to analyze the influence of family characteristics, family interaction, and decision-making on marital quality in families with migrant husband. The design of this study was cross sectional study involving wives, who had migrant husbands and teenage children (age 12-18), as respondents. The study was conducted in Banyuresmi Village, Garut Regency, West Java, Indonesia which were selected purposively. Data were collected through interview using questionnaire. The results showed that family income and conjugal interaction were the factors that allowed an increase in marital quality. On the other hand, decision-making did not have a significant effect on marital quality of the family with migrant husband
Rahmi Yulfa, Tin Herawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 45-57; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.2.2.45-57

Abstract:
Aim of this study is to examine the influence of social support and financial management toward family well-being in early marriage. Research was located in Cibeber II village and Karehkel village, Leuwiliang sub-district, Bogor district, West Java. Samples of this study are 60 women from an early marriage family (under 20 years old) whose children are under five years old, and willingly participate in this study. Samples were chosen purposively. Social support were positively significant correlation with financial management, objective well-being and subjective well-being. The factors that affect objective family well-being are per capita income and financial management. On the subjective family well-being, the factor of affect is per capita income and emotional social support
Bona Intan Rahmaniah, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.1.1-12

Abstract:
In every stage of human lives as well as later adulthood (elderly), there are developmental tasks to be attained and demand the elderly to adapt to various changes both from the internal and external environment. The aim of this research was to analyze the influence of ageism and generativity on the developmental task of elderly widower and widow. The cross-sectional study was used as the design of this research. The research was conducted in Empang Village, South Bogor Sub-District and West Cilendek Village, West Bogor Sub-District, Bogor City. As many as 60 persons were involved as research sample, consisted of 30 elderly widowers and 30 elderly widows which were chosen by snow-ball techniques. The result showed that there was no significant difference in developmental task of elderly widower and widow. The category of ageism was low while generativity and developmental task were moderate. There were significant positive correlations and influences of the length of education and generativity on developmental tasks of elderly widower and widow.
Tin Herawati, Nafi Yuliana Endah
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.1.2.1-12

Abstract:
Poverty, limited employment opportunities, and low rate of labor wage cause couples undergo long distance married because the husband has to work far from the house. This gives impact to family subjective well-being so that the family need to role a family function in order to minimize conflicts. This research aimed to analyze the effect of family function and conflict on family subjective well-being with migrant husband. There were 60 samples in this research which consisted of family with migrant husband teenager children (12-17 years old) in Banyuresmi village, Garut. The wife was the respondent of this research. The sampling technique used here was nonprobability sampling method with form purposive sampling. The data were collected by interviewing the respondents using a questionnaire. The results showed that most of the samples were categorized into families which had good family function, moderate family conflict, and moderate family subjective well-being. Family function affect significantly positive to family subjective well-being. Parental-teenagers conflict affect significantly negative to family subjective well-being.
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