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Annisa Ikhwanus, Ammi Salamah, Ananda Khairana, Megawati Simanjuntak, Yulina Eva Riany
Journal of Family Sciences pp 37-51;

This study aims to see how mother-daughter interactions during the COVID-19 pandemic are based on the mother's perspective. The research design used a qualitative research design. Examples in this study are two mothers with children of primary school age and one mother with children of junior high school age. The research was conducted from 5 to 11 March 2021 in three places, namely Jakarta, Banten, and Bandung. The research method is a case study. The results showed that the interaction between mother and child involves two main concepts of acceptance and conflict. They listen with pride, express, take special time, say good things, praise, understand, and friendship between mother and child. Conflict resolution is designated in the category that can resolve conflicts and trigger conflicts. Categories that can resolve conflict include active listening, appreciation, rules, discipline, trust, and time together. In comparison, conflict triggers include conflict, openness, criticism, and position. Covid-19 causes children to experience dependence on maternal violence, stress on children, and indications of verbal abuse from mothers, to mothers who experience stress when accompanying children to learn to be brave.
Syarifa Nadhrah Mustamin, Sylvianti Angraini, Syifa Salsabila, Megawati Simanjuntak, Yulina Eva Riany
Journal of Family Sciences pp 52-67;

Family social support is a very valuable and significant social support in helping the process of recovering the health of a Covid-19 patient. This study aims to describe the perception of social support received by Covid-19 survivors who migrate. This study uses a qualitative approach with a phenomenological design. Participants involved in this study consisted of three participants who live in Indonesia, survivors of Covid-19, living far from family, and a minimum education level of high school. Samples were taken purposively, and the study was conducted in March 2021. This study found that two out of three participants hid the fact that they were positive for Covid-19 from their families. Therefore, the main source of social support for survivors who migrated came from their friends around them. Survivors receive various forms of social support during treatment, including instrumental support, emotional support, reward support, and social network support. This study concludes that each participant has felt sufficient social support even though they are far from their families.
Siska Ayu Tiara Dewi, Siti Editha Raisa, Sri Rezki Utami, Megawati Simanjuntak, Yulina Eva Riany
Journal of Family Sciences pp 1-16;

Working for women is part of self-actualization and to fulfil family needs. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the duties and responsibilities of working mothers have increased with the implementation of the school-from-home policy. Mothers also play a role as a teacher and assist in the child's learning process at home. The purpose of this study was to get an overview of the experiences of working mothers who have school-age children during the COVID-19 pandemic regarding the conditions experienced, the problems and challenges, and the strategies carried out in carrying out their duties and responsibilities. The study was a qualitative investigation using semi-structured interviews methods with three participants from Depok, Lampung, and Bangka Belitung. The interview process was carried out using the Zoom and Google-Meet online applications. The results showed that all participants acknowledged that there had been changes in work activities and daily routines during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially being a teacher for children at home. In the early of the COVID-19 pandemic, working mothers provide their own wisdom that there is more time with children and family. Although in general, they experience stress due to the demands of work, household, and assisting children to school from home.
Emy Rosiana, Ayu Arba Zaman, Fitri Lutfiani, Megawati Simanjuntak, Yulina Eva Riany
Journal of Family Sciences pp 68-82;

Marriage is a sacred moment because it is considered a symbol of the transformation of parent’s responsibility to the husband who is the head of the household. Marriage adjustment during the pandemic and the division of roles of gender in family life must be well intertwined in order to create a sense of satisfaction in marriage, especially for married couples during the pandemic. The study aims to analysis the marriage satisfaction of married couples during the pandemic. The study is a qualitative study using an impressive type of case study. sampling technique with the wife of the couple who conducted a wedding during the pandemic as the subject. The data retrieval technique involves semi-structured interviews using the interview guidelines and analysis through the three-grooved technique of data reduction, data presentation, deduction/verification. Research has shown that marriage satisfaction of married couples during the pandemic is affected by internal factors such as family relationships, social and external environments, free time between couples, preparations for childbirth, and parenting. The relationship between the spouse and the family of both spouses works well, which promotes satisfaction in the marriage.
Gita Fahmi Lestari, Indah Sukmawati, Nurdewi Azizah Safitri, Megawati Simanjuntak, Yulina Eva Riany
Journal of Family Sciences pp 17-36;

Premarital sexual behavior among teenagers is getting higher. The low level of moral education and failure in the division of roles, functions, and duties in the family triggers adolescents to behave freely and even violate religious and social norms. This research was conducted to look at the description of moral development and the factors that cause adolescents to have premarital sex. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological research design with a purposive sampling technique. The research was conducted in Bogor Regency. Respondents in this study were teenage girls and boys and their biological mothers, totaling four people. This study indicates that all participants feel that the moral education they have received so far is not understood and even applied in everyday life. Teenagers have understood premarital sex behavior but have a different interpretation of it. This is due to several factors that cause teenagers to have premarital sex, such as lack of attention from parents, failure of family functions, lack of moral and character education, and environmental influences.
Avia Maulidina, Herien Puspitawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 124-139;

Generation Z has faced various transformations in life due to the Covid-19 pandemic. This study analyzes family traditions, parent-child ties, and happiness in Generation Z during the Covid-19 pandemic based on gender. This study used a quantitative approach with a non-probability voluntary sampling method involving 42 men and 130 women of generation Z who are college students and domiciled in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent t-test, and PLS-SEM. The results showed that family traditions varied in the category; meanwhile, parent child-ties and happiness were moderate. There were no significant gender differences in family traditions and parent-child ties, but women reported significantly lower happiness than men during the pandemic. This is in line with the results of the PLS-SEM model, which showed that gender had a negative effect on the happiness of generation Z. PLS-SEM model showed that family traditions and parent-child ties had significant positive effects on happiness. These findings imply that in the middle of Covid-19 pandemic social restrictions, families must strengthen family traditions and optimize parent-child ties so that the happiness of generation Z can be maintained, both for men and women.
Diyah Fitriasti Khairunnisa, Nurul Hidayah, Yuzarion
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 111-123;

Learning should provide a pleasant atmosphere for students to fulfill their curiosity. A comfortable atmosphere will bring up student welfare (school well-being). This study aims to determine the influence of academic stress and adversity intelligence on school well-being in Muhammadiyah Al Mujahidin Junior High School students while studying from home during the Covid-19 pandemic. The method researchers use in data collection is a quantitative approach and data collection with a scale or questionnaire and is carried out in June–October 2021. Respondents in this study are junior high school students aged 12-15 years. The number of respondents in this study was 253 students at SMP Muhammadiyah Al Mujahidin. Data collection in this study was conducted using Google Form. The sampling technique used in this research is cluster random sampling. The instrument used is the academic stress scale, adversity intelligence scale, and scale of school well-being. The data analysis technique used is multiple linear regression analysis. Results of addressing a major hypothesis there is a highly significant association of academic stress and adversity intelligence to the well-being of school students of SMP Muhammadiyah AlMujahideen while studying from home to the pandemic covid 19.
Annas Dwi Setyarini, Yunita Hardian Putri, Fatma Putri Sekaring Tyas, Alfiasari
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 80-95;

Parental involvement in education is essential, especially for children with special needs and the existence of inclusive schools supports children's education fairly so that inclusive education services need to prioritize services to achieve parental satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to analyze parental satisfaction with inclusive education services and their relationship to parental involvement. This research was conducted in one of the inclusive schools in East Jakarta. Samples in this study are mothers and fathers from intact families with children with special needs who attend inclusive schools with purposive sampling technique with as many as 30 married couples. The results show a significant positive relationship between the variables of mother's satisfaction with father's satisfaction and father's engagement with father's satisfaction. Moreover, mother’s engagement was significantly related to mother’s education, while mother’s satisfaction positively correlated with mother’s age. A significant negative relationship was found between mother's satisfaction and father's education; father's engagement with child's age and length of getting inclusive services. The effect test found that the father's satisfaction was significantly affected by father's involvement and mother's satisfaction, while mother’s satisfaction was significantly affected by mother’s age and father's satisfaction. Inclusive schools need to provide optimal services and involve parents in schools to feel satisfied.
Indah Sukmawati, Herien Puspitawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 140-154;

The existence of Covid-19 has changed the socio-economic life of the community. This study aims to analyze the effect of family characteristics, economic pressure, and gender roles on family resilience during the Covid-19 pandemic. Respondents in this study were wives from intact families with children scattered in Bogor Regency. The design of this research is a cross-sectional study with a sampling technique using purposive sampling method with a total sample of 84 families conducted in March 2021. The data processing uses descriptive tests, correlation test, and multiple linear regression tests. The results of the study found that most of the family's economic pressure and gender roles were in the low category. However, most of the family resilience is in the high category. The results of multiple linear regression analysis show that there is a significant negative effect of economic pressure on family resilience. There is a significant positive effect of gender roles on husband's income.
Euis Sunarti, Marwiah, Siti Badaria, Intan Islamia
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 96-110;

This research aimed to analyze stress management (stressors, coping strategies, and stress symptoms) and family resilience (process and output) of garut flash flood victim families at 1 and 4 months post-disaster. This cross-sectional study involved 120 families (each 60 from the temporary shelter (FTS) and nontemporary shelter (FNTS)) who were chosen by stratified non-proportional random sampling. The results showed that FNTS faced higher stressors and did higher coping strategies than FTS, either at 1 or 4 months post-disaster. Stress symptoms were also higher among FNTS at 1-month post-disaster, while the output of family resilience was higher in FTS at 4 months post-disaster. Stressors significantly influenced stress symptoms at 1-month post-disaster, coping strategies and the process of family resilience. In contrast, stressors influenced stress symptoms at 4 months post-disaster, coping strategies and stress symptoms 1-month post-disaster. The process of family resilience influenced the output of family resilience at 1-month post-disaster. In contrast, the output of family resilience at 4 month post-disaster was influenced by residence, family income per capita, stressors and the process of family resilience. This study reinforces the importance of family resilience in disaster-prone areas.
Dwi Hastuti, Lia Shafira Arlianty, Megawati Simanjuntak
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 20-36;

Psychosocial development is a developmental stage that every child will pass. This study aimed to analyze the influence of family and child characteristics, child value, social support, mother's involvement in psychosocial stimulation in boys and girls. The research design that was used in this study was a cross-sectional study. Site selection was chosen purposively, namely in the city of Medan. Research locations were in two villages, namely Kota Maksum, Medan Labuhan Subdistrict and Kota Besar Village, Medan Area District. The sample pulling technique uses simple random sampling with a sample of mothers who have children aged 2-3 years and come from a complete family of 150 people. Respondents interviewed with the questionnaire were mothers. Correlation test results showed a significant positive relationship between maternal age, children's values, dimensions of psychological value and dimensions of economic value, social support, dimensions of information support and dimensions of reward support, and mothers' role in care with psychosocial stimulation.
Risda Rizkillah, Diah Krisnatuti, Tin Herawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 53-66;

Pandemics not only can facilitate a special space for husband-wife and child relationships but also a significant stressor for most husbands and wives and children. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between family characteristics and husband-wife interactions during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study used a cross-sectional study design and conducted in June-November 2020. The respondent in this study was a wife from an intact family who has elementary school–senior high school-age children (SD-SMA). The number of respondents in this study was 452 respondents. Data collection in this study was carried out using google form. Based on the research result, the highest means of index owned by the love dimension and the smallest index owned by respect's dimension. There are significant differences between HEL wife and LEL wife in love dimension, respect dimensions, and a total of husband-wife interaction. The correlation test shows that there is a significant negative correlation between husband's age, wife's age, and the number of children with husband-wife interaction. Furthermore, the correlation test also shows that the husband's income positively correlates with husband-wife interaction. This study concludes that women's higher education and husband's high income can make husband and wife interaction better.
Tin Herawati, Megawati Simanjuntak, Berti Kumalasari
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 37-52;

Indonesia as the largest tropical agricultural countries support natural conditions make Indonesia a country rich in agricultural products. The objective of this research was to analyze the influence of economic pressures, financial management, gender relations, and livelihood strategies toward the farmer families quality of life. This research used a quantitative study design. The research took place in West Java. Sixty respondents were chosen from the farmer's wife that selected by using a simple random sampling. Data were collected directly using a structured questionnaire. Partial Least Square analyzed data. The results show that farmers' family economic pressure significantly affects livelihood strategy and quality of life, gender relations significantly affect livelihood strategy and financial management, and financial management significantly affects the quality of life. As suggestions, farmers families should further improve their livelihood strategies and financial management by understanding the importance of limited use of family resources. The implications for government are providing programs to improve quality of life, by forming cooperatives involving the role of farmers' wives.
Euis Sunarti, Nurul Fatwa, Zulfa Rahmawati, Winny Faramuli, Dwifeny Ramadhany
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 1-19;

This study aims to analyze the home environment, stress management, and families' welfare in marginal areas. The study design was cross-sectional, and samples were selected by random cluster sampling, as many as 126 families consisting of 63 families from the very dense region (VDR> 200 people per Ha) and 63 families from a rather dense region (RDR, 121-160 people per Ha) in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. The data were collected by interview using a questionnaire in March and April 2014 and analyzed using descriptive and comparison tests. The analysis showed that families in RDR had a lower density but had a higher crowd level than in VDR, so that families in RDR had to try harder to get non-physical privacy. RDR families had a higher source of stress, thus encouraging them to did more coping strategies. The analysis showed that families in RDR had higher objective well-being but lowered subjective welfare than families in VDR. Families in RDR had higher physical welfare and lowered social and psychological welfare than families in VDR. The research findings had implications for the importance of strengthening the family environment and developing research methodologies in the field of family ecology.
Selinna Sandrinia Zainuddin, Ni Made Surianti, Alfiasari
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 6, pp 67-79;

Families whose parents are both working have limited time in nurturing their children. This circumstance makes parents, especially mothers, alternate parenting to the babysitter or caring institution called daycare. This study aimed to analyze the correlation of children's characteristics, caregiver-child interaction, and attachment with the cognitive development of preschool children in daycare. This study used a cross-sectional study design with the daycare (TPA) selection as the research location carried out purposively located in the buffer areas of the capital city of DKI Jakarta. Respondents in this study were 39 children aged 2.5-6.4 years with complete parents and 16 caregivers from four selected TPA who interacted with their children daily. Data was collected by means of in-depth observations to measure the interaction variables between caregivers and children. This study indicates a positive correlation between caregiver-child interaction and attachment with a child's cognitive development. This study also found a significant positive relationship between the caregivers-child interaction with caregivers-child attachments and a significant negative relationship between the child's age and the caregivers-child attachment. This shows that interaction, and attachment between caregivers and children are important factors that can improve cognitive development while in TPA.
Dewi Arum Widhiyanti Metra Putri, Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti, Wenty Marina Minza, Bagus Riyono
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 71-91;

The romantic relationship is an interesting topic to study because it emerges as an important part of adolescent development that becomes increasingly important in subsequent years of individual development. One of the limitations of research in this field is the difficulty of providing unique and standards definitions of romantic relationships due to cultural differences in conceptions and the differences within individuals from the same cultural group. This study aims to explore the concept of a romantic relationship from the perceptions of Balinese adolescents and terms that represent it that can be used as a basis to comprehend the dynamics of romantic relationships in Balinese culture nowadays. Two phases of the study conducted through survey and FGD. Balinese adolescents were aged 15-17 years old (n= 277). Through thematic analysis procedures, some emergent themes were identified as romantic relationship conceptualization. This relationship was conceptualized as an exclusive relationship, consisting of affective, cognitive, and psychomotor dimensions, and was represented by many terms. This study concluded that the concept of romantic relationships for each individual from the same cultural group could be perceived differently, leading to varied forms of adolescents' behavior.
Euis Sunarti, Dinda Kamilah, Husniyah Almas, Siti Pitriani
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 103-120;

This survey research aims to analyze the factors that influence, as well as test differences in the subjective well-being of the families of women health workers during the Covid-19 pandemic, according to the two types of working time (Stable and shift). This study involved 110 families (47 stable and 63 shift working hours) from Jabodetabek area, which was selected by non-probability random sampling. Data were collected in April 2020. The results showed that women health workers with stable working hours had significantly higher subjective well-being, financial management, and marriage satisfaction, but otherwise had lower husband-wife interactions and work and family problems than women with shift working hours. The results of the main regression model showed that family well-being was influenced positively by coping strategies, marital satisfaction, and husband's education. Meanwhile, the derivative regression model that analyzes the variable components showed that family well-being was influenced positively by a component of marriage satisfaction, a component of family interaction, implementation of family time management, and husband's education; but negatively influenced by family income and husband's age. In general, the family of women health workers during the Covid-19 pandemic was expected to develop various efforts to increase marriage satisfaction and the family's subjective well-being.
Anika Fatima, Dwi Hastuti, Yulina Eva Riany
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 138-155;

Online gaming is an action of playing the game with multiple player using internet connection. This study aims to analyze parent's emotional parenting practice and adolescent self-control on online gaming behavior among adolescents. The population in this research are vocational high-school students in Bekasi City. The school used in this research is chosen purposively that is State Vocational High-school 2 in Bekasi City. After 204 adolescents chosen, non-proportional random sampling was conducted to 60 respondents as sample between 16 until 18 years old who enrolled in vocational high school in Bekasi city. Data were collected by questionnaire with self-report technique. Most of the male and female adolescent emotional parenting practices are in a low category. Most male adolescent self-control are in the low category and females are in the middle category. Female adolescent self-control is higher than male adolescent. Most of the respondents are in the low category of online gaming. Male adolescents have higher rate of online gaming than female adolescent. There's a negative correlation between age, sex difference, negative and self-control with online gaming. There are direct influence of self-control and positive indirect effect of emotional parenting practice through self-control to online gaming.
Yulina Eva Riany, Belinda Handayani
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 121-137;

This study aimed to analyze the links among peer attachment, fathering, social media use, and the perception of premarital sexual among adolescents. Two hundred and four high school (SMA) students and 114 Vocational High School (SMK) students voluntarily participated in this online survey. Results showed fathering was negatively associated with the perception of premarital sex among adolescents in which participants with positive experiences in fathering would report low score in perception of premarital sexual. On the other hand, social media use was significantly linked to the high score of perception of premarital sexual. Regression analysis indicated participants’ dating experience, lack of fathering experience and high social media use to be predictors for the perception of premarital sex among adolecscent.
Farika Nikmah, Titien Indrianti, Joni Dwi Pribadi
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 92-102;

Because of the Covid-19 pandemic, this research's background was to break the chain of virus spread, and the government requires physical distancing. Working from home, which causes many employees to work from home, creates conflicts for married female workers. The research objective is to examine and analyze the direct effect of job demands, role conflict, role ambiguity on work-family conflicts. Data were obtained through questionnaires and submitted online to 100 married women who work in universities in East Java, Indonesia, both public and private, and then the analysis was carried out using Partial Least Square (PLS). The results showed that all hypotheses were accepted, and the most dominant influence was role conflict on family-work conflicts. The conclusion is that married women experience many conflicts in carrying out their jobs because other demands must also be considered, namely the mother and wife's role.
Euis Sunarti, Risda Rizkillah, Novy Tri Muktiyah
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 20-35;

This study aims to analyze the effects of work-family conflicts and balancing strategies on job satisfaction felt by families in working husbands and wives. The design of this study was cross-sectional with a sample of 160 wives in families with working wives who have children aged 0-9 years chosen stratified non-proportional random sampling in West Bogor and Central Bogor District, Bogor City. The data collection process carried out using a questionnaire. This study's results indicate that there is a significant negative correlation between work-family conflict and job satisfaction. Besides, theBesidesnificant positive correlation between the strategy of balancing family and work with job satisfaction. Based on the results of the regression test, the data show that work-family conflict and the balancing strategy have an effect on job satisfaction 22.2 percent, and the rest is influenced by other variables not examined. The implications of these results require a broader study for the elaboration of wives' job satisfaction factors.
Muhammad Erwan Syah
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 36-46;

Bullying is an act of hurting others physically and mentally and is done repeatedly. The case of bullying is one of the issues that are still a particular concern at Muhammadiyah Boarding School Al Mujahidin Gunungkidul. This study aims to reduce the anxiety of victims of bullying by using a rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) counseling approach. The subjects of this study were students of class VII Muhammadiyah Boarding School Al Mujahidin Gunungkidul, who were victims of bullying in classes and schools with a total of 28 students. This research was conducted from August 1 to September 30, 2017. The type and design of the study used collaborative action research. Data analysis was carried out quantitatively using a questionnaire for victims of bullying anxiety. Qualitative analysis is performed on data obtained from interviews, observations, and follow-up. The counseling program with the rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) approach has proven to be effective and has an effect on reducing anxiety in bullying victims, which is characterized by a decrease in anxiety scores. In addition, the subject feels that he is not alone or not isolated; self-confidence increases have a role towards others and can observe and follow instructions given by the researcher.
Rona Aulia Karimah, Herien Puspitawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 1-19;

Seasonal changes will have an impact on the lives of fishermen’s families, especially the economic sector. Changes in the sea and non-sea seasons have an impact on family cooperation in survival. These effects will be seen in the gender role of husband and wife in solving problems in fishermen’s families. This study aims to analyze the effect of gender roles and coping strategies on fishermen’s family happiness index. The study design used a cross-sectional study with interviews and questionnaire assistance. The research sample was selected by purposive sampling with respondents of 40 fishermen’s families in the Toboali District, Bangka Belitung Islands Province. The gender role variables, coping strategies, and fishermen’s family happiness index are in the medium category. There is a correlation between coping strategies with the happiness index of fishermen’s families. The number of family members shows a significant negative effect on the happiness index in the sea and non-sea seasons. Meanwhile, coping strategies present a significant positive effect on the happiness index of fishermen’s families in the sea and non-sea seasons.
Siska Permatasari, Rahmawati, Raudah Zaimah Dalimunthe
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 57-70;

The study's purpose is to know the effects of the 'ubrug' sociodrama technique 'on a student's self-efficacy and the effectiveness or failure of a given technique. This type of research is a pre-experimental study using one group pre-post test design. The population taken as many as 112 students with the characteristics of class IX students (a, b, and c), aged 14-16 years, have low self-efficacy with a lack of self-confidence and slightly more closed behavior, are willing to take the time to fill out the questionnaire given, and students must be committed to the "Ubrug" sociodrama treatment. Obtained a sample of 15 students with a purposive sampling technique. The data collection method uses a self-efficacy questionnaire consisting of 34 statement items with a reliability value (count) of 0.896. The results of giving a post-test prove that there is an increase in the results obtained by students significantly. It can be concluded that the Sociodrama Technique "Ubrug" can increase the self-efficacy of IX grade students at SMPN 5 Kota Serang.
Risa Yuspitasari, Rahmawati, Raudah Zaimah Dalimunthe
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 5, pp 47-56;

This research aimed to discover the level of anxiety in students before the exam and the effect of music classic (Mozart) to reduce such anxiety. The study was conducted at SMP Negeri 1 Ciruas with students with a high level of anxiety, which has been revealed from the results of the anxiety scale questionnaire using a purposive sampling technique with a total of 68 respondents. This research was used with an experimental method consisting of an experimental group and a control group. From the treatment, the results showed pre-test 12.55 in the high category and post-test 7.852 in the medium category. This shows changes in the results before and after the treatment is given. It can be concluded that the effect of the use of music (Mozart) can reduce student anxiety before the test.
Nurfitriliani Fitri, Dwi Hastuti, Lilik Noor Yuliati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 130-142;

Parenting style and parenting eating patterns are a way of controlling teenagers eating behavior. This study aims 1) to analyze gender differences in adolescent characteristics, family characteristics, feeding patterns, and eating behavior; 2) to analyze the effect of adolescent characteristics, family characteristics, and feeding patterns on adolescent eating behavior. This study used a cross-sectional study design with survey methods. The sample of this study was 160 adolescents (61 boys and 99 girls who were in grade 10 of high school). The results of the T-test showed that there were no significant gender differences in adolescent characteristics and family characteristics. There were significant differences in authoritarian parenting style, feeding patterns and eating behavior between boys and girls. The results of the regression analysis showed that eating behavior was influenced by age and feeding patterns.
Wahyu Wulaningsih, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 75-90;

The family of the launching stage is a family when the children start leaving home. This research aims to analyze the effect of the level of anxiety and interaction into family harmony of launching stages in the regency and city of Bogor. Respondents in this study were wives from launching stage families with 60 respondents from regency areas and city areas. Respondents were selected for purposive sampling. Data was collected through interviews, then analyzed using descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The results showed the anxiety level of wives is in the normal category. Family interaction in the middle category. Meanwhile, family harmony in a higher category. Overall, the length of the wife's education, the duration of her husband's education, per capita income, and family interaction had a significant positive relationship with family harmony and the level of anxiety had a significant negative relationship with family harmony. This study found that husband-wife interaction and parent-child interaction has a significant effect on family harmony.
, Euis Sunarti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 91-104;

Family subjective well-being is an evaluation of satisfaction related to physical-economic, social, and psychological aspects. This study discussed husband-wife interactions, parent-child interactions, and family subjective well-being in Pasirjaya Village. This study used a cross-sectional design. This study involved 120 families who were selected by stratified random sampling by place of residence; Family planning participating village (KB village) and Family planning non-participating village (non-KB village) in KampungMuara, Pasirjaya Village, West Bogor. The results of the independent sample t-tests showed a higher average in KB village on husband-wife interactions (dimensions of love, directing, and respect) and parent-child interactions (dimension of directing). The results of the regression test showed a positive influence of the marriage duration and parent-child interactions but a negative influence of family size on family subjective well-being.
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 120-129;

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of parental guidance and emotional intelligence on student learning achievement in social science. The research method was a descriptive survey method. Data collection was done by questionnaires. Data analysis involved descriptive statistical method to find partial and multiple correlation coefficient with ttest. The result showed: 1) there was a significant effect of parental guidance and emotional intelligence together on student learning achievement in social science. Parental guidance and emotional intelligence contributed 64.2% to the student learning achievement in social science; 2) there was a significant effect of parental guidance on student learning achievement in social sciences. This is evidenced by the acquisition of sig= 0.037
, Rizky Amelia
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 105-119;

Academic achievement is affected by external and internal factors. This study generally aims to examine the influence of family characteristics (per capita income and parental education), individual characteristics (age and gender), cognitive intelligence, and self-regulated learning toward academic achievement in adolescents. A total of 91 samples (Mage=13.9 years) with the largest percentage of the respondents were women were selected from two different junior high schools in Bogor area. Cognitive intelligence, self-regulated learning, and academic achievement were measured using Riley Inventory Basic of Learning Skills (RIBLS), Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSQL), and student academic record, respectively. The partial regression analysis showed there was a negative effect of mother’s education on self-regulated learning. Gender was found to positively predicted cognitive intelligence. The regression analysis also showed that parental education and cognitive intelligence positively predicted adolescent academic achievement. Per capita income, gender, and self-regulated learning showed no significant effects on academic achievement.
Rizky Amalia, Melly Latifah
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 41-53;

The new challenges for first-year students potentially to influence their academic achievement. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of students and families, parental support, academic emotions, and learning strategies and their effects on the academic achievement of first-year students. Determination of research location by purposive at Institut Pertanian Bogor. An example of this study is a total of 110 students of the Program Pendidikan Kompetensi Umum (PPKU) selected by simple random sampling. The results found that parental support related to emotional and instrumental aspects, positive and negative academic emotions were significantly correlated with the use of learning strategies. The dimension of learning strategy that is time and environment management and effort learning correlated on academic achievement.
Tania Nurmalita
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 54-75;

Being a part of the family who has children with special needs like Down Syndrome (DS) of course really challenging for facing daily activities with children with DS around. The aim of this literature review is to reveal about how parents of children with DS applied coping strategy to face daily life and support their child. The sources were collected online from 4 journals databases. Those databases are ProQuest, SAGE Journals, Science Direct, and ERIC. Articles that were taken by researcher were published in year 2009-2019. Researcher found 179 journals and selected by screening inclusion and exclusion criteria, the final amount of conducted and reviewed journals are 12 papers. Based on review that had been done, all of the parents of children with DS did some kinds of coping strategy in parenting. The strategies that used are: attribution technique in accepting their child’s condition, implementing the positive attitude towards their children’s condition, getting more intense in religious activity and got closer to God, looking for the organization and community that related to DS, and also doing more sports or outdoor activity as a coming out purpose. Finding out the parents’ coping strategy and the impact for the DS child will be the basis of conducting parenting program effectively and hopefully this program will be effective in optimizing the development of DS child.
Maulana Rezi Ramadhana, RaviK Karsidi, Prahastiwi Utari, Drajat Tri Kartono
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 1-11;

This study examines the relationship between family communication patterns (involving two dimensions of conversation and conformity) and the personal-social identity of adolescents. This study uses a survey technique involving 214 adolescents from intact families and single-parent families in one school in Bandung, by providing two scales of the Family Communication Pattern Revised (FCPR) from Ritchie and the scale of Social Identity-Personal Identity (SIPI) from Nario-Redmond. Data analysis to test three hypotheses in this study using Pearson product-moment correlation and regression analysis to find moderation of the measured variables. The findings indicate that the dimensions of the conversation are significantly positively related to social identity and personal identity. While the dimensions of conformity are negatively associated with social identity and positively associated with personal identity. After controlling for family status and sibling position in the family, the dimensions of conformity moderate significantly positive relationships between dimensions of conversation and social identity.
, Dwi Hastuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 12-25;

This study aimed to analyze the influence of maternal acceptance-rejection and self-esteem adolescents on bullying behavior of junior high school students. The study took place at two junior high schools located in Bogor City and involved 86 students who were selected using simple random sampling. The measuring instrument used in this study was a PAR adaptation from Rohner (1986) with a reliability of 0.785, self-esteem instrument adaptation from Rosenberg's (1965) with a reliability of 0.773, and a bullying behavior instrument adaptation from Hastuti, Herien, and Djaswelma (2015) with the reliability of 0.902. Data analysis used in this study was descriptive statistical analyses and statistical analyses of Pearson correlation and linear regression tests. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires guided by the researcher. The results showed that more than half of adolescents had perceptions of affective parenting. However, about 40 percent of adolescents have self-esteem in the low category. The most common type of bullying behavior adolescents is verbal bullying. The test results showed that parents with aggression and undifferentiated rejection are unfortunately related to the adolescents’ bullying, and low adolescents’ self-esteem is followed by bullying behavior. Gender (male adolescents) and low self-esteem had a significant effect on bullying behavior. Meanwhile, parental rejection had a significant positive effect on bullying behavior.
Fannisa Septariana, Dwi Hastuti, , Ni Made Suarianti, Selinna Sandrinia Zainuddin
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 4, pp 26-40;

Proper parenting reflected on the goodness of parental spirituality and attachment in which affected adolescents' character development. The research was aim to examine the influence of paternal spirituality and attachment towards adolescents' character. This study used a cross-sectional study design which involved 84 respondents from one of the public high school in Bogor City and consisted of 37 boys and 47 girls, samples were chosen by cluster random sampling technique. Data were analyzed descriptively, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and multiple linear regression. Data was gathered by self-report questionnaires. The research found that paternal spirituality and attachment had a better score than the boys. Also, politeness and perseverance characters of girls better than the boys. Moreover, the better paternal spirituality and attachment the better character of adolescents. The result of the multiple linear regression test shows that paternal spirituality and attachment became the main factors in affecting adolescents' character in junior high school.
Syelia Methasari, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 42-54;

Decrease in physical or biological conditions that occur in the elderly will result in disruption of various organs of the body so that it can cause chronic disease in the elderly. Chronic diseases can have an impact on increasing stress and life satisfaction in the elderly. This study aims to analyze the effect of coping strategies and religiosity on the life satisfaction of elderly men and women with chronic disease. The design used in this study is a cross sectional study at Medika Dramaga Hospital, Bogor Regency. Examples in the study amounted to 60 people who had chronic diseases, had suffered for more than six months and were selected by accidental sampling technique. The results showed no difference between coping strategies, religiosity, and life satisfaction of elderly men and women with chronic disease. The duration of an elderly person suffering from a disease is positively related to coping strategies. Religiosity and the duration of the elderly suffer from diseases are significantly positively related to life satisfaction. Elderly people who are still working in old age will reduce their life satisfaction. The longer the elderly suffer from chronic diseases and the higher the religiosity of the elderly, the life satisfaction of the elderly will increase.
Yasmin Nindyasari, Tin Herawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 16-29;

Early marriage is a marriage carried out by couples less than 20 years old. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship and the influence between emotional maturity and family interaction on marital satisfaction in early married families. Examples in this study are families who married early age selected by way of purposive sampling amounted to 30 people. The research was conducted in Bojong Gede Village, Bojong Baru Village, Rawa Panjang Village, Ragajaya Village and Pabuaran Village, Bojong Gede District, Bogor Regency. The results showed that husband and wife age at married, income per capita, emotional maturity and family interaction had a positif significant relationship with marital satisfaction, but famiy size and age of marriage had a negatif significant relationship with family satisfaction. Husband age faktor and family interaction have positif effect to marriage satisfaction, but education level of husband and age of marriage have negatif effect to marriage satisfaction.
Lutfiah Syahidah, Euis Sunarti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-15;

Family social strength positively correlated with family transactions and its environment. This study aimed to examine decision making and the value of family transactions with its environment towards family social strength. The study used a cross-sectional design involving 120 intact families who have children under five years old and selected by stratified disproportional random sampling according to their residence (FP village and non-FP village) in Village Muara, Pasirjaya, West Bogor. The analyses showed that family social strength had a positive correlation with wife’s education level, decision making, and value of the family transaction otherwise family strength had a negatively correlated with the number of family and children. The result of the regression tests showed that decision making and the value of the family transaction had a positive effect on family social strength, but the number of children had a negative influence on family social strength. The regression tests showed either with family or without family characteristics, decision making and transaction value had a positive effect on family social strength. Contrarily, family characteristics on the number of children, both with and without the dimensions of decision making and transaction value consistently had an adverse effect on family social strength.
Fifi Muslima, Tin Herawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 30-41;

Social support and marital adjustment play an important role in the realization of good marital quality. The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of students and families, social support, marital adjustment along with the relationship and its effect on the marriage quality of married students. Examples of this study are 30 female students from various public and private universities in Bogor city taken with convenience sampling technique. The determination of research location was chosen purposively. Data collection was obtained from the interview using the questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferential. The results showed that social support had a significant positive relationship with marital adjustment, while marital adjustment was positively correlated with marital quality. Social support and marital adjustment affect the quality of marriage.
Risda Rizkillah, Megawati Simanjuntak
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 55-66;

Family resources are something that must be adequately managed that can be used optimally to achieve family goals. This study aims to analyze the process of family resource management include planning, task control, communication structure, decision making, and time allocation. This study applies a cross-sectional design. The location of data collection was conducted in the Cibanteng Village area, Ciampea District, Bogor Regency, West Java. The population in this study were families living in Cibanteng Village, Ciampea District. The sampling unit in this study is the family with the respondent is a wife. The sampling was taken purposively and obtained samples of 40 families. The results of the study showed that in the planning implementation, the majority of families never wrote their life plans in the family. The majority of mothers control domestic problems such as housework, children's education, and childcare. The structure of communication and decision making in the family carried out by the majority family only involves husband and wife. The higher the productive time allocated by the wife, the smaller the allocation of leisure time and household time. Also, the higher the social time allocation devoted by the wife, the smaller the allocation of household time and personal time allocation.
Indrawati Zuhara, Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-14;

Stress can hinder academic success, especially for married women student because stress can decreased energy and motivation to do college activities and household tasks, therefore it is important for the students to avoid stress in order to have a good achievement at academic. This research aims to analyze the influence of individual characteristics, family characteristics, stressors, social support, coping strategies, and stress towards the married women students life satisfaction. The object of this research are post graduate women students of Bogor Agriculture University. Data collection is done using self-report method to 100 women married students. The collected data were analyzed using multiple linear regression test and corellation test. The most stressor came from itself, instrumental support was the most accepted among social support, most applied strategy in coping is the problem-focused strategy, the highest life satisfaction was life full of meaning and responsibility. Life satisfaction of married women students was influenced significantly positive by coping strategies and significantly negatif by stress.
Ika Sri Wahyuningsih, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 15-27;

Learning motivation is the the driving force in adolescent to study diligently for reaching the good learning outcomes. This research aimed to analyze the influence of mother’s parenting style and sibling relationship to learning motivation of youngest child adolescent. This research was conducted in SMPN X Dramaga Bogor to sample as many as 60 youngest child adolescent (30 boys and 30 girls) aged 13-15 years. Authoritative mother's parenting style, warmth, and learning motivation on youngest child adolescent girls better than youngest child adolescent boys. Mother age and birth spacing were negatively correlations with learning motivation of youngest child adolescent while, authoritarian mother’s parenting style, authoritative mother’s parenting style, warmth and relative power were positively correlations with learning motivation of youngest child adolescent. Learning motivation influenced by mother age, authoritative mother’s parenting style, relative power, and conflict.
Mulyati Mulyati, Kenty Martiastuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 15-29;

This study aims to analyze the function of families in urban and rural areas as well as its relationship with adolescent autonomy by using cross sectional study method. The data collection time was conducted in September 2016. By proportional random sampling method, there were 72samples at SMPN 2 Bogor (representing urban area) and 72 people at SMPN 2 Parung (representing rural area). Research data includes family characteristics, family functions divided into 3 dimensions (10 sub-scales) and adolescent autonomy consisting of 3 dimensions (value, emotional and behavioral). To see the correlation, the Pearson Correlation test was used and to seedifferences in family function characteristics and gender-based autonomy was seen by the Independent T-test differential test. The results showed that the average score of family function in urban areas was 118.44, while in rural areas 121.12. This shows the function of families in ruralareas better than in urban areas. The average score of urban adolescent autonomy is 81.21, while in rural areas it is 77.29. This difference is significant at 99% confidence level. Adolescent autonomy is positively correlated with family function of personal growth dimension with correlation coefficient of 0.207 (at 95% confidence level). This shows that the better familyfunction then the better the adolescent autonomy.
Herien Puspitawati, Paula Faulkner, Ma'mun Sarma, Tin Herawati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 53-72;

The objectives of this study are described as follows: (1) To examine the conditions ofsocial, economic and demographic characteristics of poor farmer families who live atuplands and lowlands areas, (2) to describe the social-cultural and agroecosystemconditions of poor farmer families who live at uplands and lowlands areas, (3) Toexplain type of gender relations of poor farmer families who live at uplands andlowlands areas, and (4) to analyze factors that influenced subjective family well-beingof poor farmer families who live at uplands and lowlands areas. The chosen researchsites were Nanggung Sub-district, Bogor District as an upland area, and West TelukJambe Sub-district, Karawang District, West Java Province as a lowland area. The totalof 189 farmer families was used for this study (n= 90 in uplands district areas, and n=99 in lowlands district areas). It was found that the conditions of social-cultural andagroecosystem differ between upland and lowland areas. In general, both upland andlowland areas gender roles on farming activities, in terms of access and control toagricultural resources, were dominated by men. Family well-being was directlyinfluenced by higher education of husband and wife, indirectly influenced by lesseconomic pressure of the family, directly influenced by higher gender relations betweenhusband and wife, and directly influenced by less or higher external support. Thus,wealthy farmer families were the family that had educated husband and wife, lesseconomic pressures, equal gender relations and partnerships, and less or more receiveexternal supports. It is recommended that the next study should add variables of familycoping strategies related to family economic pressure and gender roles between husbandand wife.
Asri Sulityowati, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-14;

Elderly especially widower and widow must have done family resources management(FRM) in order to achieve satisfaction in life. This study was conducted to analyze theinfluence of family resource management on life satisfaction of elderly widower andwidow. This study was using cross-sectional study with purposive for site selection inTimbulharjo Village, Sewon Subdistrict, Bantul, Yogyakarta Province. Total of 60samples were gathered with a combination of simple random sampling and snow-balltechniques. The results of this study indicated atsocioeconomic status of the widowerwas higher in terms of average age and duration of education rather than widows,moreover the income of elderly widower greater than the widows. Non-foodexpenditure, stress management, and time management had a positive effect on thesatisfaction of elderly life hence the more allocation on non-food expenditure, the betterof stress management and time management could improve life satisfaction of theelderly. In addition, marital status associated and had a significant negative effecttowards life satisfaction which mean that life satisfaction of elderly widower higher thanthe widow.
Egretta Melistantri Dewi, Herien Puspitawati, Diah Krisnatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 30-40;

This study aims to analyze the effect of social capital and husband-wife interaction on marital quality among families in early years and middle yearsmarriage. The study was using cross sectional design. The selection of researchsites was purposively chosen in Bogor City. The location of the study was inKebon Pedes and Kedung Badak, regions of Tanah Sareal district. Samples of thisstudy were 120 families in early and middle years of marriage with wives as themain participants. Data were collected through interview using questionnaire. Thestudy found that social capital in families with early marriage age in theintermediate category, and in families with middle years of marriage is in the highcategory. Different test results show only in the dimensions of gender partnershipsthat families in middle years of marriage were higher than early years families. Onvariable of husband-wife interaction, half of the families with early marriage yearswere in the intermediate category and more than half of families with middleyears of marriage were in the high category. There wereno significant differencesin all dimensions of husband and wife interaction. In the variable quality ofmarriage, half of families with early years marriage were in the intermediatecategory, whereas more than half of families with middle years marriage were inhigh category. There wereno significant differences in all dimensions of maritalquality.
Risda Rizkillah, Megawati Simanjuntak
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 3, pp 41-52;

The aim of this article is to examine the allocation of expenditure for low-incomefamilies after receiving the Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) or ConditionalCash Transfer (CCT). Combination of cross-sectional and retrospective designswere applied in this research. Data collection locations were carried out in eightvillages in Dramaga District, Bogor Regency. The research sample wasdetermined randomly (probability sampling) used a systematic method andobtained a study sample of 150 CCT recipient families. Data was processing useddescriptive statistics. The CCT funding eligible for the family who has school-agechildren, toddlers, nursing mother, and pregnant woman. The CCT funds are spentby families with an average range of two weeks. The beneficiary of PKHsignificantly improving the quality of education and health, increasing the amountof family savings, and family income. The allocation of CCT funds more than halfis used for human investment. However, in the allocation of CCT funds, there arestill families who use PKH funds for non-educational activities such asfood/household needs, pay-off debt, saving, electricity payment, and businesscapital.
Nurul Salimah, Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 13-23;

This study aimed to analyze the influence of family characteristic, family capitals, and livelihood strategy toward family well-being. The sample of this study was family with wife who worked as a tea picker in Purwabakti, Pamijahan, Bogor. There were 100 families chosen randomly in this research. Family well-being was observed based on indicators defined by National Population and Family Planning Board (NPFPB) and Statistics Indonesia (SI). The analyses used in this research were descriptive analyses, independent sample T-test, and logistic regression. The result showed husband age and family size negatively affected the family well-being. Physical capital and financial capitals positively affected the family well-being. Meanwhile, livelihood strategy did not significantly affect the family well-being.Keywords: family capitals, family well-being, livelihood strategies Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik keluarga, kepemilikan modal keluarga, dan strategi nafkah terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga. Contoh dalam penelitian ini adalah keluarga dengan istri yang bekerja sebagai buruh pemetik teh di Desa Purwabakti, Kecamatan Pamijahan, Kabupaten Bogor. Contoh dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 100 orang yang dipilih secara acak. Kesejahteraan keluarga diukur dengan menggunakan indikator BKKBN dan BPS. Analisis yang digunakan merupakan analisis deskriptif, uji beda independent sample T-test dan uji regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur suami dan besar keluarga berpengaruh negatif signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga. Modal fisik dan modal finansial berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga. Sementara itu, strategi nafkah tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan keluarga.Kata kunci : kesejahteraan keluarga, modal keluarga, strategi nafkah
Dwi Ajeng Larasati, Hartoyo Hartoyo
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 1, pp 13-24;

The purpose of this research were to describe the cultural values, the value of children and mother's time allocation for children at Cimanuk watershed and to analyze the effect of family characteristic, cultural values, and value of children toward time allocation of mothers to children at Sundanese and Javanese. This research involved 200 families who have children below five years old selected with purposive method. The samples were interviewed by using structure questionnaire. The result of this research showed that there was no significant different on the perception of the value of children between Sundanese and Javanese families. Regression analysis showed that mother's time allocation for children was influenced by the age of children, the length of mother's education, the mother's occupation, the uncertainty avoidance and power distance dimension of cultural values.
Dewi Sukma Nurul Aziz, Diah Krinatuti
Journal of Family Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-10;

The final stage of life in the elderly experienced changes of physical, psychological, or social that can effect instability of self concept. The aim of this research was to analyzed the effect of cognitive function, social interaction to self concept of elderly widows and widowers. The location of this research in Timbulharjo village, Sewon sub-district, Bantul district, Yogyakarta who chosen purposively with the consideration of the region which have the most elderly. The sample of this research was the elderly people aged more than 60 years old that have been abandoned by partner of life during grater than or equal to 2 years a go. Sample total of this research were 30 elderly widows and 30 elderly widowers. This research showed that there were not difference of cognitive function and social interaction between of elderly widows and elderly widowers, however there was difference of self concept between of elderly widows and widowers. In addition, ages and education have correlation with cognitive function, and social interaction have correlation with self concept. Meanwhile, marital status have negative influence and social interaction have positive influence to self concept so that widows status can decrease self concept of elderly, and better social interaction than better of self concept of elderly.
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