Results in Journal Bulletin of Kemerovo State University: 544
(searched for: journal_id:(221160))
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-362-369
The author analyzed the causes and consequences of prison escapes in Western Siberia in 1930–1945, which were a serious problem for the entire Soviet correctional labor system. The reasons behind frequent prison escapes can be summarized as follows: substandard living conditions, a complex production schedule, violent inmates, severe punitive measures for minor crimes, and relatively lenient punishment for escapes. The situation was aggravated by the negligent attitude to the service among wardens, their non-compliance with official discipline and job descriptions, as well as by ineffective use of the agent network. The escapes grew even more frequent in the late 1930s because the number of convicts increased during the Great Terror. The opposite pattern prevailed during World War II due to the general reduction of prison population during the occupation of the European Russia and the fact that some categories of convicts were allowed to enlist in the army. The fugitives posed a real threat to local residents. Once they were free, they committed murders, robberies, and rapes, which significantly worsened the difficult criminal situation in the West Siberian region. The NKVD employees of the Joint State Political Directorate of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR prevented escapes and detained the prisoners. The research objective was to establish the causes, consequences, and various forms of prison escapes in Western Siberia in 1930–1945.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-499-506
In modern sociolinguistics the term "italiano neostandard" ("Neo-standard Italian") has been in use for a few decades already. However, in Russian linguistic terminology it still lacks a well-established translation equivalent. The research objective was to prove that it has deeply-rooted theoretical premises. Until the second part of the XX century, literary Italian (italiano standard) was mainly used in writing by intellectual élite, and for centuries (since XVI c.) its codified norm altered little – if at all – and was only apt for high-flown language (that is what the term "Standard Italian" refers to). In modern Italy, literary language has a wide range of functions and uses, and its variation patterns have considerably changed. The new language norm typical of Neo-standard Italian is much more versatile: it takes into account stylistic, regional, and social parameters of language variation. With all that in mind, the concept of Neo-standard Italian still remains ambiguous in the sense that its relationship with Standard Italian can be seen both as one ousting the other and as their coexistence. The problem of finding a suitable translation equivalent for the term "Neo-standard Italian", thus, reflects the dubious character of the concept itself.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-418-425
The research featured relationship between self-regulation and psychological competence of future specialists. The study involved an analysis of theoretical approaches to this problem in domestic and foreign psychology. Psychological competence presupposes developed psychological knowledge and communicative abilities and skills, as well as a stable system of self-regulation that allows for effective management of one's behavior during professional interaction. The author established the features of psychological and communicative competences in students, as well as such regulatory qualities as self-regulation, self-control, and self-efficacy. The research revealed statistically significant relationships between the level of development of psychological and communicative competences and the characteristics of regulatory qualities. A cluster analysis showed three groups of students with different levels of communicative competence and regulatory qualities. The regulatory and communicative components of psychological competence appeared closely interrelated. Self-regulation, self-control, self-efficacy, and communicative skills of future psychologists were the instrumental basis for the development of psychological competence. A well-developed self-regulation helped students understand and control their behavioral reactions. It enabled them to carry out conscious and focused interaction with people in problematic professional situations, as well as contributed to the development of psychological competence during vocational training.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-307-317
Preservation of archaeological heritage objects (AHO) in Kuzbass is one of the tasks on the formation of a fund of objects of historical and cultural heritage of the Russian Federation. The paper characterizes the key challenges to AHO preservation, one of which is the so-called amateur "archaeological treasure hunting", and offers possible solutions. The research was based on law and media analysis. The contemporary legal framework of the Russian Federation provides the necessary conditions for AHO preservation. For instance, it regulates the procedure for search and extraction of artifacts from archeological sites. Amateur "archaeological treasure hunting" is illegal but extremely popular. The situation in Kuzbass stays within the national trends. However, the authors managed to define some regional specifics. First, the local treasure hunters demonstrate a high level of social publicity in their attempt to legalize their activities. Second, they focus mostly on Modern Age artifacts. The authors claim the urgency of the problem and propose a number of solutions, e.g. media marginalization of the " black archaeology", a targeted public protection of Modern Age archaeological sites, prompt interception of illegal "treasure hunting", etc.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-516-524
This article presents a historical and etymological analysis of the motivating signs of the concept of "muzh" (husband) in the Russian language. Primary signs of the concept make up the internal form of a word and serves as the basis for new cognitive signs. Actual motivating signs appear first as conceptual ones and later as functional, evaluative, symbolic, and figurative. The primary motivating sign is "man": it is the oldest one and goes back to the pre-Indo-European language. The analysis of etymological dictionaries revealed 42 motivating signs. The article provides examples of the representation of this concept in the literature, including the modern one. Etymological and historical-etymological dictionaries revealed the following motivating signs of the concept of "muzh" (husband): a man; a male spouse; an adult man; a man that understands; a scientist; an ancestor; an Amazon female warrior; an age; people; community member; a serious man; a citizen; a brave man; a strong man; a fighter, a warrior; an ordinary man; a hero; a male celebrity; a respected, venerable man; a public figure; a witness; a free man; a peasant, a farmer; a feudal-dependent peasant; a peasant (low status in legal relations); to man oneself; a person with unnaturally large manhood; a male specimen; an attendant of a tsar, king, or prince, a noble man; a servant of a prince, a warrior in the prince’s squad; a divine husband; a man of desire; a blood man, a murderer; big men (a privileged part of the free population in Ancient Russia); young men (a less privileged part of the free population in Ancient Russia); nobleman (a great man); a member of household; a servant; a hand (worker); a slave; someone who is ready. Such a long list of motivating signs confirms the ancient history of the concept and its socio-cultural significance in the Russian linguistic worldview.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-455-462
The research featured the development of intellectual skills and voluntary sphere in the context of schoolreadiness in preschoolers at bilingual day care centers. The control group included Russian-speaking children from ordinary kindergartens. The authors believe bilingualism to be a means of cognitive and communicative development. Bilingual children require a special approach in school-readiness assessment. Two blocks of methods were used to measure the intellectual readiness and the development of voluntary sphere. The bilingual preschoolers demonstrated a higher level of voluntary attention in comparison with the control group. The bilingual children were much better at converting visual information than the children from the Russian-speaking group. The article also introduces some significant links between various aspects of preschoolers' mental development. The results of the diagnostic methods correlated with each other and made it possible to analyze the development of memory and voluntary attention in cognition tests.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-379-386
The research featured the issue of intercultural communication in the aspect of cultural and anthropological approach. The article introduces the case of the Russian Orthodox Church as it incorporated one of the remote outskirts of the Empire the Yakut region in Russia. The research was an attempt to understand the problems of intercultural communication during the intercivilizational interaction between the Orthodox (Christian) civilization and the local Arctic civilization of the peoples of North-East Asia. The author explained the permanent process of Christianization in Yakutia, as well as described the role of missionary work as a method of developing new territories and the specifics of parish activity. The relations with the nonOrthodox population improved when the state law replaced the traditional Patriarchal foundations, and representatives of non-Slavic elites entered the structure. The Orthodox Church conducted various social and educational activities, since it took secular social and educational state institutions a long time to reach this remote region. In the XVII–XIX centuries, the activity of the Russian Orthodox Church in Yakutia contributed to the intercultural communications with this marginal territory and ensured the involvement of the Yakut ethnic group in the Russian state space.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-481-488
The present research featured the definition of grammatical gender category as it was coined by Fernão’s de Oliveira (1507–1581), a prominent Portuguese linguist that wrote the first Grammar of the Portuguese Language (1536), where he outlaid the main principles of gender classification. The research was based on F. de Oliveira’s works, namely The Grammar of the Portuguese Language, The Art of Sea Warfare, The Voyage of Fernão de Magalhães, and The Book of Shipbuilding. The linguistic data were selected from the above-mentioned works based on linguistic criteria by the method of continuous sampling. The article also describes various gender definition methods, e.g. morphonology, morphology, anaphora, syntax, secondary morphologization, words of one flexion, and vocalic inflexion (alternation of open and closed, pure and nasal vowels). The analysis of Oliveira’s speculations on grammatical gender revealed that the Portuguese grammarian failed to cover the issues of Singularia / Pluralia tantum, grammatical doublets, toponyms, epicenes, possessive pronouns, and participles.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-471-480
The present research featured theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of aggression and aggressive behavior. The authors revealed a tendency to study aggressive forms of behavior from the standpoint of biological, sociocultural, and psychological factors, as well as mechanisms of formation, determinants of reward, and methods of diagnosis, control, and correction. The article focuses on the prospects of studying aggressive manifestations from the standpoint of analysis of personality formation and self-awareness. The structure of self-conception in aggressive individuals appeared to be deformed. Researchers explain the deformation by the gap between Me-real and Me-ideal, impaired behavioral regulation methods, and problems of self-conception. The authors also revealed the importance of factors that increase the level of aggressive behavior in adolescents, namely unfavorable styles of family relations, poor participation in the educational process, peer pressure, etc. Predisposition to aggressive behavior can be associated with a small repertoire of constructive coping strategies, poor cognitive abilities, and difficulties in controlling and regulating emotions. The empirical research featured the psychological characteristics of the aggressive behavior of juvenile offenders in the context of character accentuations and personal selfconception. The authors studied the differences between the aggressive behavior of juvenile delinquents and the control group. The analysis detected connection between character accentuations and forms of aggressive behavior. The article illustrates the kinds of self-esteem and self-conception typical of adolescents with delinquent behavior experience.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-370-378
The article deals with the social and political situation in the Kasminsk, Tarsminsk, Titovsk, and Morozovsk volosts (districts) of the Kuznetsk uyezd (area), Tomsk Province, in 1917–1919. The territories in question were inhabited by long-time Russian residents. The Revolution affected the largest settlements. Titovsk area was included in the system of Kuznetsk area people's assembly, while Kasminsk district was under the supervision of the so-called zemstvo from the very beginning. Soldiers from reserve regiments of Tomsk and Novonikolaevsk were sent to field work and had a destructive impact on the local life. Anarchists (G. F. Rogov, I. P. Novoselov, P. K. Lubkov, I. M. Drozhzhin, etc.) and their military units played a significant role in the partisan and rebel movement. V. P. Shevelyov-Lubkov (1892–1939) became the most famous Red leader in the territory. He was an old settler from the village of Shipitsina in the Titovsk district and a decorated army veteran. The Whites were defeated in the late 1919, which brought no relief as anarchist squads maintained their attacks on the Soviet troops. In 1921, peasants in the village of Bryukhanovo rebelled. The last pockets of resistance were eliminated as late as in 1922.