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Results in Journal TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration: 24

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Luki Rianti, Hesti Pujiwati, Masdar Masdar, Hermansyah Hermansyah, Heru Widiyono
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 60-64; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.60-64

Abstract:
Soybean is a type of secondary crop that is widely cultivated and used as raw material for tofu, tempe, milk, and so on by the people of Indonesia. Soybean consumption is always increasing but soybean production has decreased. This study aims to obtain the optimum dose of Bokashi fertilizer on plant growth and yield in Ultisol. The study was carried out in Medan Baru, Kandang Limun Village, Muara Bangkahulu District, Bengkulu City from December 2018 to April 2019. This study used a Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD) with one factor, namely the dose of Bokashi fertilizer with five levels, namely 0 tons ha-1, 25 tons ha-1, 35 tons ha-1, 45 tons ha-1, and 55 tons ha-1. The results showed that the optimum dose of Bokashi fertilizer was not found in the growth component or yield component. The dose of Bokashi fertilizer had a significant effect (p<0.05) on the growth of Bokashi and the number of leaves.
Irfan Nofriandi, Faiz Barchia, Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi, Bilman W. Simanihuruk, Entang Inoriah Sukarjo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 48-52; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.48-52

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain the optimum dose of manure for red dragon fruit plant growth on Andosol, optimum K fertilizer dose for red dragon fruit plant growth on Andosol, and the interaction of manure and K fertilizer for red dragon fruit plant growth on Andosol. This research was conducted from August 2018 to November 2018 at the Horticulture Seed Center, Kepahiang Regency, Bengkulu Province. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of two factors with three replications. The first factor is cow manure, which is 0 g/polybag, 20 g/polybag, 40 g/ polybag, and 60 g/polybag. The second factor is K fertilizer, which is 0 g/polybag, 1.38 g/polybag, 2.76 g/polybag, and 5.52 g/polybag. The results showed that the application of cow manure with a dose of 60 g/polybag resulted in the best shoot growth time and shoot fresh weight
Welmi Samita, Edhi Turmud, Sigit Sudjatmiko, Widodo Widodo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 39-47; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.39-47

Abstract:
The research aimed to determine the optimal population ratio at each frequency of weeding for the growth and yield of maize. It was carried out from February to May 2020 in the field. There are 2 treatment factors tested arranged in a splite plot design, which was repeated 3 times using a completely randomized block design (CRBD). The first factor is the frequency of weeding as the main plot (Main Plot) consisting of no weeding, 1 x weeding (21 DAS), 2 x weeding (21 DAS and 42 DAS). The second factor is the ratio of the population as sub-plots, consisting of 100% corn + 0% peanuts, 80% corn + 20% peanuts, 60% corn + 40% peanuts, 40 % corn + 60% peanuts, 20% corn + 80% peanuts. The results showed that the growth and yield of maize in the intercropping system with peanuts gave the same response to the population ratio at all weeding frequencies. The planting density of 40% maize + 60% peanuts produced the highest response on the variables of stem diameter (24.675 mm), plant fresh weight (667.51 grams) and biomass weight (79.924 grams). While the highest response to weeding frequency was 2 times (21 DAS and 42 DAS) only on plant fresh weight (588.08 grams).
Priyono Prawito, Impetus Hasada Windu Sitorus, Zainal Muktamar, Bandi Hermawan, Welly Herman
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 53-59; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.53-59

Abstract:
Understanding the relation of agroecosystem types, ages, and soil properties are vital in maintaining good quality soil. This study aims to explore the variation of selected soil properties with agroecosystem types and ages. The research has been conducted in North Bengkulu, Indonesia. Soil properties on agroecosystems of 5-yr, 10-yr, 15-yr oil palm plantation, 5-yr, 10-yr, 15-yr rubber plantation, food cropland, and scrubland were evaluated. The study found that soil in oil palm and rubber plantations of any age have a similar texture, bulk density (BD), and actual soil moisture (ASM). All plantation agroecosystems and scrubland have higher clay and lower silt content than that in food cropland. In addition, the scrubland has the highest ASM content among the agroecosystems. On the other hand, both agroecosystems enhances soil chemical properties than food cropland and scrubland as indicated by the improvement of organic-C, total-N, available P, exchangeable K and CEC of Ultisols. Older plantation also provides higher soil chemical improvement than younger one. This finding is significant for management of sub optimal soil mainly Ultisols for oil palm and rubber plantation.
Taufiq Al-Qodri, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro, Alnoopri Alnopri, Prasetyo Prasetyo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 34-38; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.2.34-38

Abstract:
This study aims to study the interaction between varieties and the correct dose of potassium fertilizer, determine the right dose of potassium fertilizer and the appropriate variety of sweet potato in Ultisol. In this study, the research design used was a completely randomized block design (RAKL) with two (2) factors with three replications. The first factor is three varieties of sweet potato, namely Cilembu, Atin 3, and Beta 1. The second factor is the dose of KCl fertilizer which consists of 4 levels of dosage, namely 0 kg ha-1, 150 kg ha-1, 300 kg ha-1, and 450 kg ha-1 KCl fertilizer. The results showed no significant interaction between the dose of KCl fertilizer and the three varieties of sweet potato. The Antin 3 variety produced the most extended tendril length compared to the other two varieties. The lowest number of branches was produced by Beta 1 variety. The Cilembu variety produced the most significant tuber weight per plot and estimated weight per plot. The Cilembu variety is proven to have the highest level of sweetness.
Albert Carles, Kanang Setyo Hindarto, Heru Widiyono, Mukhtasar Mukhtasar, Hermansyah Hermansyah
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 17-22; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.17-22

Abstract:
This study aims to identify the physical, chemical characteristics of the soil and determine the suitability of rice fields for new openings in Mukomuko. This research was conducted from September to October 2019, which consisted of fieldwork and laboratory analysis. This research uses a survey method, soil sampling is carried out by a composite method consisting of 5 soil samples. Composite soil sampling technique based on land unit work maps produced from the map of soil types Mukomuko district scale of 1: 100.000. The results showed that all samples had the same dominant limiting factors namely P2O5, K2O, and Base Saturation. Land suitability for lowland rice plants in Mukomuko District Af.1.2.1 (S3nr) land area with an area of 42.68 ha, Af.1.2.2 (S3nr) land area with an area of 56.65 ha, land unit Tf.2.1 (S3nr) with an area of 60.15 ha, and land unit Tf.3.1 (S3nr) with an area of 89.30 ha.
Efian Aprizal, Hasanudin Hasanudin, Rr Yudhy Harini Bertham, Herry Gusmara, Edhi Turmudi
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 29-33; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.29-33

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the optimum dossage of vermicompost to soil P levels, tissue P levels as well as corn growth and yield in Entisols. This research was conducted at Kandang Mas village, Bengkulu City from August 2019 until November 2019. The design used in this study is Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) one factor is the application of vermicompost dose with three replications. The dossage of vermicompost consists of seven levels, namely 0 tons ha-1, 5 tons ha-1, 10 tons ha-1, 15 tons ha-1, 20 tons ha-1, 25 tons ha-1, and 30 tons ha-1. The results showed that there was no optimum dossage of vermicompost to soil P levels, tissue P levels, and corn yield in Entisols.
Tulus Roy Rasdian Purba, R. Teguh Adi Prasetyo, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro, Abimanyu Dipo Nusantara, Eko Suprijono
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.23-28

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain N levels and N absorption as well as the growth and yield of mustard plants in ultisol soilapplied vermicompost cattle or goats. This research has been conducted from April 2020 – May 2020. Implementation of research on UNIB garden and Soil Science Laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu. This study used a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with a single factor consisting of 7 treatments, namely control, vermicompost cow dung with a dose of 10 tons ha-1 , 20 tons ha-1 , and 30 tons ha-1 , and vermicompost goat manure with a dose of 10 tons ha-1 , 20 tons ha-1 , and 30 tons ha-1 . The results showed that the administration of vermicompost cow dung at a dose of 30 tons ha-1 gave the best results for N tissue levels, N absorption, and mustard results in Ultisol. The same result was obtained from the administration of vermicompost goat manure at a dose of 20 tons ha-1 .
Lisa Septiani, Rr Yudhy Harini Bertham, Hesti Pujiwati, Bilman Wilman Simanihuruk
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.1-8

Abstract:
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merill) is the third most important food crop after rice and corn which contains protein and other nutrients essential for the body. Ultisol soil is a less fertile soil that has many limitations on its physical, chemical, and biological properties. Efforts that can be made include the use of liquid organic fertilizer (LOF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). This research was conducted from February to May 2020, in Beringin Raya, Muara Bangka Hulu District, Bengkulu City with an altitude of + 10 m above sea level. The purpose of this study was to explain the growth and yield of soybeans due to the application of liquid organic fertilizers and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Ultisols. The research design used was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 2 factors with three replications. The first factor is the LOF dose which consists of four levels, namely: 0, 20, 40, and 60 mL L-1. The second factor is the AMF dose with three levels, namely; 0, 5, and 10 g plant-1. The results showed that there was no interaction between LOF and AMF. Giving a LOF concentration of 60 mL L-1 gave the highest yield on the growth and yield of soybeans, as well as the optimum concentration for seed/plant weight, which was 28.114 mL L-1, and the number of seeds was 37.589 mL L-1. AMF dosage of 10 g plant-1 gave the best growth and yield of soybean plants.
Siska Indriani, Dotti Suryati, Hesti Pujiwati, Prasetyo Prasetyo, Entang Inoriah Sukarjo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 4, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.4.1.9-16

Abstract:
Soybeans are the third most important commodity after rice and corn. Soybeans are also a commodity rich in protein. Soy serves as a very important source of vegetable protein to improve people's nutrition because in addition to being safe for health is also relatively cheap compared to animal protein sources. Ultisol has a wide distribution but has constraints to be used as a medium of cultivation plants. The addition of some types of ameliorating or soil reformers such as chicken manure, cow manure, and composting oil palm bunches (OPB) is expected to overcome ultisol fertility. The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of varieties on the growth and component of soybean crop yields in Ultisol, compare the influence of ameliorating type on the growth and component of soybean crop yields in Ultisol, and get the interaction between the type of varieties with the type of amelioration to the growth and components of soybean crop yields in Ultisol. The research was conducted from February to May 2019 in the experimental garden of Integrated Agricultural Zone of the Faculty of Agriculture UNIB Medan Baru, Bengkulu City. This study used a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) that was compiled factorially with 3 times. The first factor is the variety type Anjasmoro and Gepak Kuning, the second factor of amelioration type is control (without amelioration), chicken manure 15 tons ha-1, cow manure 15 tons ha-1, husks burn 15 tons ha-1, and compost oil palm bunches (OPB) 15 tons ha-1. The results showed that the Gepak Kuning variety showed better growth than the Anjasmoro variety while the Anjasmoro variety showed better results than the Gepak Kuning variety. Chicken manure is the best type of amelioration compared to cow manure, rice husks, and compost OPB against the growth and component of soybean yields in Ultisol, and there is interaction in the Gepak Kuning variety with chicken manure amelioration and compost OPB.
Amin Nur Rohman, M. Faiz Barchia, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 39-44; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.2.39-44

Abstract:
Research on the effect of doses of cattle biourine on plant N levels and growth of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae, L) in lowland Ultisol was carried out by Desa Bakti in Marga Sakti Sebelat District, North Bengkulu Regency in October 2019 to January 2020. This study aimed to determine the dosage of cattle biourine optimal for N levels and cabbage growth in lowland ultisols. This study used a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) of one factor consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications, with the treatment dose 0 L ha-1, 1500 L ha-1, 3000 L ha-1, and 4500 L ha-1. Observation data were analyzed by Analysis of variance (ANOVA) at ? level of 5% with the Orthogonal Polynomial Test. The results of the study showed that the optimum dosage was not obtained on the variable N levels of plants and soil pH, but had a very significant effect on both of these variables. The optimum dosage obtained on the variable growth and yield of plants includes the optimum dose of 2250 L ha-1 biourine producing an average plant height of 36.14 cm age 45 dap, the optimum dose of 2200 L ha-1 of biourine produces an average plant height of 37.87 cm age 60 dap, optimum dose of biourine 1250 L ha-1 produces an average biomass fresh weigh 1.33 kg, the optimum dose of biourine 1666.67 L ha-1 produces an average head weight of 0.83 kg, and optimum dose of biourine 2000 L ha-1 produces average head diameter of 15.36 cm.
Prayogi Dhuha Brahmanto, Bambang Sulistyo, M. Faiz Barchia
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 32-38; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.2.32-38

Abstract:
Rindu Hati sub-watershed is located in District of Central Bengkulu, Bengkulu Province, that has flat until montainous topography with various slope and annual rainfall up to 4,032 mm year-1 which possible causes erosion. This research was aimed to analyze soil erosion at Rindu Hati sub-watershed based on the Universal Soil Loss Equation formula, using remote sensing imagery data and by applying GIS technique. USLE method were uses five parameters, those were length and slope factor, rainfall erosivity factor, crop management factor and land conservation , and soil erodibility factor. An overlay analysis has been conducted to obtain the erosion. Then, the result is overlaid with soil depth map to get the level of erosion hazard, which is classified into: very light, light, moderate, heavily, and very heavily. The results showed that the total erosion was 12,410,650.59 tons ha-1 year-1, while its level of erosion hazard were very light (15 tons ha-1 year-1) covering an area of 2,983 ha spreading over community agricultural areas and forest areas, the rate of light erosion (> 15-60 tons ha-1 year-1) has the largest area of covering an area of 10,410.05 ha which scattered in plantation areas having flat topography, moderate erosion rates (> 60-180 tons ha-1 year-1) of 1,317.33 ha spread over land areas with shrub land use and relatively flat topography, heavily erosion rates (> 180- 480 tons ha-1 year-1) covering 1,735.48 ha spread over land with shrub land use but has a hilly topography and very heavily erosion rates (> 480 tons ha-1 year-1) covering 2,700.42 ha located in the mining area. Erosion potential rate mapping will be very helpful in determining good and appropirate land management and conservation in the study area.
Rahayu Arraudah, Yudhy Harini Bertham, Hesti Pujiwati, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro, Entang Inoriah Sukarjo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.2.56-64

Abstract:
Soybean is one of the most popular food crops for the community, but the needs for soybeans have not been fulfilled by soybean production. To meet the needs of soybeans, it is necessary to intensify agricultural land in Ultisol. This study aims to obtain the optimum concentration of humic acid and dosage of the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) to increase soybean plants' production in Ultisols. This research was conducted from January to April 2020 in Beringin Raya Village, Muara Bangkahulu District, Bengkulu City, at an altitude of 10 m above sea level. The research design used a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) two factors with three replications, arranged factorially in experimental units. The first factor is the concentration of humic acid, consisting of 4 levels: 0, 15, 30, and 45 mL L-1 . The second factor is the dose of AMF, consisted of 3 levels, namely: 0, 2.5, and 5 g plant-1. The results showed that the maximum soybean growth and yield in Ultisols were obtained from the humic acid concentration at 45 mL L-1 at the dose of AMF at 2.5 g plant-1 . The resulting production potential is 1.99 tons ha-1 . The administration of humic acid or AMF independently at this research stage had not yet given a maximum response to the growth and yield of soybean in Ultisol.
Nunung Nurjanah, Riwandi Riwandi, Hasanudin Hasanudin
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.2.45-50

Abstract:
The objectives of this research were to obtain an optimum dose of vermicompost fertilizer to the nutrient levels of K in the leaves, K uptake, and corn growth in ultisols. This research were held in September until November 2018, which has been implemented in green house and the Laboratory of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu. The research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with a single factor consisting of 7 levels of treatment and three replicates i.e. 0 , 2.5 , 5.0 , 7.5 , 10.0, 12.5, and 15.0 ton ha-1. The results showed that the optimum dose of vermicompost fertilizer 5.71 ton ha-1, resulting in leave K content of 0.59%, 9.5 ton vermicompost ha-1, producing the absorption of K leaves 31 kg ha-1, 9.59 ton vermicompost ha-1, producing a plant height 160.7 cm, 10.2 ton vermicompost ha-1, producing the fresh stover weight 27,561.2 kg ha-1, 98.9 ton vermicompost ha-1, producing the dry stover weight 5,675.5 kg ha-1, and 9.5 tons vermicompost ha-1, producing root dry weight 1,156 kg ha-1.
Muhammad Yakub, M. Faiz Barchia, Usman K.J. Suharjo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.2.51-55

Abstract:
Salak (Zalacca edulis Gaertn. Voss) is one of the most populair native fruits of Indonesia, consumed as a table fruit by most Indonesians. However, the yield of salak pondoh grown in Bengkulu is still lower than that in their native soil Java, believed to have more suitable soil properties for growing salak pondoh. The objective of this research were to evaluate the relationship of soil bulk density, available K, and slope to the productivity of salak pondoh grown at Padang Jaya Regency, North Bengkulu. We did a survey to collect data on soil bulk density (BD), available K (K), and slope as well as the productivity of salak pondoh grown at Padang Jaya from November 2017 to May 2017. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between soil characteristics and salak productivity, as shown in a linear model of Y = 2.929 -1.070 BD + 0.069 K - 0.126 Slope. Soil K was positively correlated to salak productivity, suggesting that salak productivity increased with an increase in soil K. On the other than, soil bulk density and slope were negatively correlelated to salak productivity, indicating that salak productity decreased with an increase in slope and in soil bulk density.
Sri Mulyani, Raisa Baharuddin, Defri Kurnia Putra Sidiq, Anandyawati Anandyawati
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 27-31; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.1.27-31

Abstract:
Public gold mining carried out without permission and not organized is rife in Riau. Until now there is still lack of information about Unlicensed Gold Mining (UGM) in Kuantan Singingi District specifically Singingi subdistrict, Kuatan Tengah, Sentajo Raya and Logas Tanah Darat. The former gold mining land cannot be used for agricultural activities. To overcome this problem reclamation needs to be done on the former gold mine land. However, before the step is taken, the initial step is mapping the point of the location of the former gold mine, general conditions, land ownership status and mining processes, vegetation in UGM land and the impact of UGM in Singingi subdistrict, Kuatan Tengah, Sentajo Raya and Tanah Darat Logas. This study aims to map the distribution of land of the former gold mine, determine general conditions, land ownership status and mining processes, vegetation of former UGM land and the impact of UGM in Singingi District, Central Kuatan, Sentajo Raya and Tanah Darat Logas, in Kuantan Singingi District. The parameters observed were: point of distribution of the location of the former gold mine, general conditions, land ownership status and the mining process, vegetation of former UGM land and the impact of UGM. The results showed that in all subdistricts sample namely Singingi, Kuatan Tengah, Sentajo Raya and Tanah Darat Logas in Kuantan Singingi Distric there were unlicensed gold mining along the river flow area. Overall land ownership status is owned by individuals/individuals (people with capital) and land used for mining activities that are owned by others rent. There are three types of species that grow on the former gold mine land that is Melastoma malabathricum L., Cyperus halpan L. and Scleria sumatrensis Retz. While the real impact of unlicensed gold mining activities is the loss of river water bodies.
Herry Gusmara, Ricci Handoko Silitonga, Bilman Wilman Simanihuruk
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.1.1-9

Abstract:
Sweet corn is a very popular agricultural commodity in Indonesia, so the production of sweet corn needs to be increased. One of the problems that often encountered in the field is the lack of availability of fertile land that can support the growth of sweet corn. Therefore it needs technology to increase land productivity. In this case, the use of palm oil sludge as a source of organic matter and dolomite as a material that can improve soil fertility. The purpose of this research is to get the dosage of palm oil sludge and dolomite that optimal for the growth and yield of sweet corn. This research was conducted from December 2017 to March 2018 in Air Sebakul Village, Talang Empat Subdistrict, Central Bengkulu using Randomized Completely Block Design with two treatment factors. The first factor is the dosage of palm oil sludge consisting of three levels, namely 0 tons ha-1, 10 tons ha-1, and 20 tons ha-1. The second factor is dolomite dosage consisting of four levels, namely 0 tons ha-1, 2 tons ha-1, 4 ton ha-1, and 6 ton ha-1so that 36 sample units are obtained. The results showed that the best combination was obtained from 10 ton ha-1 palm oil sludge and 3,61 tons ha-1 dolomite, which was able to produce the diameter of corn crop stalks of 1,98 cm. The single palm oil sludge treatment gave no significant effect on all growth and yield variables. The addition of dolomite dosage up to 6 tons ha-1 was able to increase plant height, total leaf area, the weight of corn without cornhusk, length of corn without cornhusk, a diameter of corn without cornhusk, fresh weight of the plant, and dry weight of the plant.
Weri Akmaldi, M. Faiz Barchia, Dwi Wahyuni Ganefianti
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 15-22; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.1.15-22

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the close relationship between the characteristics of paddy soils and rice yields in Lubuk Pinang, the Manjunto Air Irrigation area, and to determine the level of applied technology of farmers and rice yields in Lubuk Pinang, the Air Manjunto Irrigation area. This research was conducted in April 2018 until June 2018 in Lubuk Pinang, Lubuk Pinang District, Mukomuko Regency. The study was conducted by survey method. Data as collected through direct observation in the field and soil analysis at the Soil Science Laboratory of Bengkulu University. The results showed that the coefficient regression soil pH (X1 ) is 0.208 to 0.875 sig t values are not real in the statistics. The regression coefficient cation exchange capacity (X2 ) is -0.018 with t sig value 0,781. Regression coefficient peat depth (X3 ) is -0.002 to 0.814 sig t values are not real in the statistics. Regression coefficient levels of soil organic C (X4 ) is -0.507 to 0.307 sig t values are not real in the statistics.
Bandi Hermawan, Hasanudin Hasaanudin, Indra Agustian, Bambang Gonggo Murcitro
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 10-14; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.1.10-14

Abstract:
Soil water availability to the plants is a very important physical property of soil that controls water and nutrient absorption by the plant. It is defined as the difference between the maximum amount of water the soil can hold and the minimum condition that the plant can no longer extract water from the soil. However, soil factors that control the plant available water content (PAWC) in the soil have not been fully understood. The present study aims to analyze the relations between particle-size distributions and organic carbon with the available water of the soil and to develop a model of predicting PAWC. Five soil profiles at different land units were described up to the depth of 100 cm. Ten undisturbed soil samples were taken using the stainless-made core sampler from 10 cm increments for the soil water holding capacity analysis. A similar number of disturbed samples were also provided from the same depths for soil texture and organic carbon analysis. Results showed that the variance in PAWC could be explained by sand and clay fractions (R2>0.35) but not by silt and organic carbon contents. Therefore, we were able to develop a model for the prediction of available water content in the soil from the sand and clay parameters. The model will help decision-makers be able to propose conservation and management strategies for PAWC in agricultural practices as well as for the soil moisture retention at civil works.
Ingri Dayana, Bandi Hermawan, Yudhi Harini Bertham, Dwi Wahyuni Ganefianti
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 3, pp 23-26; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.3.1.23-26

Abstract:
Soil water availability to the plants is a range of water content between the field capacity and the permanent wilting point (PWP) conditions. The PWP is defined as the lower limit of soil water content that the plant can extract water from the soil as indicated by the symptoms of wilting plants. This is because plant roots are unable to penetrate the soil micropores that contain the water. The study aims to analyze the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and compost in enhancing soil water absorption by the plant when the water content is close to the permanent wilting point. Four doses of AMF (0, 5, 10 and 15 g.plant-1) and three doses of coffee pulp-made compost (0, 5 and 10 ton.ha-1) were arranged according to a randomized complete block design with three replicates. Results showed that the application of AMF significantly enabled the plant to improve water uptake when the soil water content was about at the permanent wilting point conditions. The AMF addition of 15 g.plant-1 significantly prolonged the growing period of chili to wither and the plant showed the wilting symptoms at the soil water content of 5 to 7% lower than the no-AMF plants. Improved water uptake under water stress conditions was attributed to increases in the root colonization by AMF.
, Khairul Amri, Renra Apriantoni
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 1, pp 23-30; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.1.2.23-30

Abstract:
Watershed overcoming deteriorates in its function was indicated by increasing soil erosion and land degradation. The research aims were to determine and map critical land degradation levels and to chose options of practical conservation concepts in Manna watershed. The Manna watershed lays on 102°51'38.2" - 103°10'57.8" long, and 04°0'39.6" - 4°29'38.0" alt covering 72,899.9 ha. The analysis procedures to determine land degradation levels based on Ministry of Forestry Rule (No. P.32/Menhut-11/2009), Procedures of Technical Design on Forest and Land Rehabilitation in Watershed (RTkRHL-DAS). The results showed that the Manna watershed divided in three land uses functions namely protected forest, limited timber forest, and agricultural cultivated areas/settlement. The land starting overcome degradation in covered by 35,318.6 ha or 48,77% of the watershed based on digital mapping using ArcGIS 10.1 software. The lands that categorized the critical level of degradation covered 7,989.5 ha or 11,03% of the watershed, and classified in the high critical level were 169.8 ha or 0,23% of the watershed. Options of conservation practice on the degraded lands in the Manna watershed should implement agro-forestry models because of the physiographical landscape in this area covering by waving to hilly landforms. On the protected forest and limited timber forest should develop agro-forestry with collaborative approaches through social engineering and social forestry. Re-establishing land use of the Manna watershed based on functions of land is the wise options for the sustainable environmental concepts
Bambang Sulistyo
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 1, pp 15-22; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.1.1.15-22

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the effect of the road network on the results of the analysis of the level of degraded land at Tanjung Aur watershed, Bengkulu Province.The research method involves digital analysis of all the data affecting erosion and degraded land. The level of degraded land is defined as (Erosion + Slope + Percentage of Canopy Cover + Management), whereas the erosion itself is determined by the Universal Soil Loss Equation model and formulated as A = R x K x LS x C x P. All parameters are collected and then performed the analysis to produce as a map of the level of degraded land. Prior to the calculation of erosion and the level of degraded land, it is first made a map of land units which is the result of overlay analysis among land erodibility, slope and land use maps.In the first phase analysis, the calculation of erosion and the level of degraded land is done prior to the inclusion of road network, while in the second phase, calculation are done after the inclusion of road network. The results of the two analyzes are then compared to determine the effect of the inclusion of road network on the results of the analysis of the level of degraded land, either on the effect on the category changes in the level of degraded land and its coverage.The results showed that there were 690.42 hectares (4.7%) of the study area (14,684.86 hectares) whose the level of degraded land was changed as a result of the inclusion of road network, from the level of "Potentially Degraded" to the "Slightly Degraded".
Bandi Hermawan, Pajrina Pajrina, Sumardi Sumardi, Indra Agustian
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 1, pp 8-14; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.1.1.8-14

Abstract:
Most of the water loss from the soil profile occurred through the evapotranspiration process especially when the plant covers were under maximum growth periods. This study aimed to apply a technique of measuring a dielectric variable for calculating soil water content and crop water use in the coarse and medium textured soils grown with upland rice. A couple of wires were inserted into the soil repacked in a 10-kg polybag grown with upland rice, the electrical impedance representing the dielectric value was measured using an instrument called the impedance meter. The impedance values were converted into the soil water content using a nonlinear regression model of ? = a.ebZ where a and b were constants. Results showed that the proposed technique of measuring the electrical impedance has successfully been applied to calculate the soil water content and the water use by upland rice grown in loamy sand and sandy loam soils. Cumulative water loss from loamy sand was about 4 L plant-1 higher for the coarse loamy sand in the first 30 days of a measurement period, but about 10 L plant-1 higher for finer sandy loam on the 90th day of the rice growth period. Higher biomass of upland rice in the sandy loam soil could increase the evapotranspiration rates and be the main reason for higher water use in this soil.
Tristantia Anggita, Zainal Muktamar, Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi
TERRA : Journal of Land Restoration, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.31186/terra.1.1.1-7

Abstract:
Recently, application of liquid organic fertilizer (LOF) in organic farming practices is of importance to prevent further soil degradation due to prolong and massive use of synthetic fertilizer. LOF provides faster plant nutrients than soil organic fertilizer. However, quality of LOF is substantially dependent on its sources. Animal wastes from rabbit, goat, and cattle are scarcely used as sources of LOF production. The study aimed to determine soil chemical improvement and potassium uptake by mung bean as affected by LOF in Ultisol. The experiment was conducted at the Greenhouse Faculty of Agriculture, employing Completely Randomized Design with two factors. The first factor was animal wastes, consisting of goat, rabbit, and cattle wastes. The second factor was LOF concentration, consisting of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% LOF. LOF was prepared by mixing altogether animal feces, urine, soil, green biomass, EM-4 and fresh water to total volume of 10 l in a plastic container. LOF was decanted to the polybag every week starting at one week after planting for four weeks to a total volume of 750 ml per polybag. Variables observed included soil pH, total organic-C, exchangeable K, soil nitrate-N, K concentration in plant tissue, K-uptake, and shoot dry weight of sweet corn The result showed that application of LOF from rabbit waste had the highest increment of soil pH as compared to the other treatment. However, exchangeable K was observed highest at the treatment of LOF from goat waste. Sources of LOF from animal wastes did not have an effect on K-uptake by mung bean. In addition, application of LOF up to 100% was able to improve soil chemical properties as indicated by the increase in soil pH and exchangeable K. So did the concentration and uptake of K, as well as shoot dry weight. Fertilization with LOF has benefit to the improvement of soil chemical properties leading to better K uptake.
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