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Results in Journal Addiction & Addictive Disorders: 71

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, University Of Abuja
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100094

Abstract:
This study was aimed at finding out the roles of language in curbing drugs abuse among secondary school students in Gwagwalada Area Council, FCT-Abuja. Descriptive research design was employed in carrying out the study.
, University Of Bari “Aldo Moro”
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100090

Abstract:
Chronic pain is a highly prevalent phenomenon that involves biological, psychological, and social aspects with negative effects on function, mood, and quality of life. The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) advocates updating the current definition of chronic pain to better recognize the diversity and complexity that is difficult to capture in a brief definition.
, McGill University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100088

Abstract:
Video gaming is a widely participated and normalized activity in most global jurisdictions with its engagement continuing to increase. Currently, global gaming operators remain largely self-regulated with minimal government regulation.
, Emory University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100087

Abstract:
The labor-force participation rates of prime-age U.S. workers dropped in March 2020-the start of the COVID-19 pandemic-and have still not fully recovered. At the same time, substance-abuse deaths were elevated during the pandemic relative to trend indicating an increase in the number of substance abusers, and abusers of opioids and crystal methamphetamine have lower labor-force participation rates than non-abusers.
, Constantine The Philosopher University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100081

Abstract:
The variable Internet use belongs not only to the social phenomena of the present, which cause changes in reading comprehension in a foreign language, but also to the research problem of perception of literacy and foreign language text comprehension in the context of the variable Internet addiction and its consequences on students’ thinking and skills.
Fernandez Ja, Centro De Día De La Casa Del Mar
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100079

Abstract:
History of the concept: In the early 1980s, Pepper and Ryglewicz [1] used the acronym YACP (Young Adult Chronic Patient) to define a new profile of “new chronics” as opposed to the profile of the “old institutionalised chronic”.
, Hyogo University Of Teacher Education
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100082

Abstract:
He university was closed and students were forced to stay home after the declaration of a nationwide state of emergency because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on April 16, 2020, in Japan.
, Beit Berl College
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100085

Abstract:
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of the Interpersonal Therapeutic Relationship (ITR) approach in addiction rehabilitation. This approach, executed by social workers, includes empathy, emotional containment, and empowerment of the patient.
Peteet B, Loma Linda University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100075

Abstract:
In the spring of 2019, the world came to a halt, falling to the mercy of a coronavirus called COVID-19. National stay-at-home orders forced almost everyone indoors, excluding essential workers, and many families remained locked in for an entire year.
Suchismita Ray, The State University Of New Jersey
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100078

Abstract:
In this article, we outline a neuroscience informed Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) intervention that is currently being implemented in an underserved drug abusing population in the Newark, New Jersey community.
, 1600 Research Boulevard
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100077

Abstract:
In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a four-year partnership effort between university and health care professional associations (HCPAs) to reach health care providers (HCPs)
Bo Fu, Tianjin Institute Of Environmental And Occupational Medicine
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 9, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100076

Abstract:
In current paper, we reviewed the functional mechanisms of Dorsal Raphe Nucleus (DRN) 5-HT neurons in rewarding regulation and drug addiction in the level of molecular, neuron and neural circuits. Furtherly, we prospected that the DRN 5-HT neurons might be a new drug target for addiction treatment in future.
, Ucla Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100070

Abstract:
For over five decades, the development of risk classification assessments, corrections-based treatment, and the associated outcome research have been focused on men. Thus, it is no surprise that existing treatment frameworks and correctional policies have been established from a male perspective.
, University Of Lethbridge
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100068

Abstract:
Stigma in persons with Substance Use Disorder (SUD), Mental Health (MH) and homelessness issues plays a significant role in the number of individuals who seek treatment from a MH professional.
Christian Williams, Assumption University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100071

Abstract:
Peer support workers, using their shared lived experience, have been recognized in the medical and behavioral health fields as having positive contributions to the well-being and recovery of individuals who are in early stages of recovery or illness management.
Sciglimpaglia D, California State University San Marcos
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100065

Abstract:
This study extends prior research examining whether physical proximity to casinos influences gambling behavior of college students, as well as whether this is related to gender and GPA. We collected data from students at a major urban university, where there are twelve casinos within sixty miles of the campus.
, University Of Colombo
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100066

Abstract:
Research on harms to others from alcohol abuse remained confined to a few developed countries until recent times. Yet, this situation changed in the last decade when such research expanded into many low and middle -income countries in Asia and elsewhere.
, University Of San Diego
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100063

Abstract:
This paper will review the influence substance use has on public perceptions of rape crimes. We will examine an apparent double standard the public has towards survivors and perpetrators who consumed substances prior to the assault, and we will discuss professional implications and suggestions for future research.
, Virginia Commonwealth University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100064

Abstract:
Efficacious interventions for Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) among veterans are of central importance. To address this need, Transcending Self Therapy: Four-Session Individual Integrative Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (Individual-TST-I-CBT) was developed.
, The George Washington University School Of Medicine And Health Sciences
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100060

Abstract:
The two cannabinoids from the plant Cannabis sativa, Linn., Cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have been extensively studied for their pharmacologic activities and therapeutic potential.
, University Of South-Eastern Norway
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 8, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100061

Abstract:
Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) among young people are a major health problem. The magnitude of the problem is increasing in India, especially in Punjab, where the menace of SUDs is debilitating the physical and mental welfare of young people.
, Montefiore Medical Center/ Albert Einstein College Of Medicine
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100057

Abstract:
The insomnia is a well-known presenting complaint among substance use disorder patients, as untreated insomnia can lead to major consequences, including is a risk factor for relapse on alcohol/ drugs. Therefore, treatment of this comorbid disorder is indeed important and should be a part of treatment plan while treating an addiction population.
, Washington University School of Medicine
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100055

Abstract:
Alcohol use disorder is a chronic disease, and the consumption of alcohol after treatment is an integral part of the disease process. However, drinking alcohol itself is not a disorder; persistent problematic drinking is. This paper assesses the stability of the yearly drinking patterns of individuals with alcohol use disorder after discharge from psychiatric hospitalization for Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD).
Fakiha Shabbir, International Islamic University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100051

Abstract:
The purpose of present study was to find relationship between aggression and delinquency and to investigate moderating role of drug use between aggression and delinquency among adults.
, Institute Biochemistry Of Biologically Active Substances Academy Of Science Of Belarus
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100050

Abstract:
The aim of this work was to investigate the relationship between the structure of alcohol consumption and the level of alcohol-related problems in Russia.
Kristin A Vincenzes, Lock Haven University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100053

Abstract:
On January 14, 2020, it was determined that the opioid crisis continues to be a public health emergency (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). In order to address this crisis, the nation needs to understand the lived experiences for opioid use survivors. Researchers interviewed eight participants who were in recovery from an opioid addiction. Interviews were a semi-structured format to gain specific information about the participants’ lived experiences. Information learned from these interviews were organized and analyzed to identify community resource strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for individuals on the road to recovery from an opioid addiction. These findings can aide communities to develop prevention and intervention strategies specifically targeting people most intimately impacted by an opioid addiction.
, University of Mississippi Medical Center
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100052

Abstract:
Given that increasing number of the youth experiments smoking with menthol cigarettes, the issue of whether menthol facilitates the acquisition and progression of nicotine consumption in adolescents deserves experimental attention.
Usman Riaz, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College Of Medicine
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100054

Abstract:
Z-medications are commonly prescribed in clinical practices despite the safety concerns. Although these medications are considered safer than benzodiazepines, both act on GABA-A receptors as an allosteric modulator. In clinical practice, the risk profile for both medications is not any different, particularly in substance use disorder population.
Abdul Subor Momand, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Published: 23 March 2020
by 10.24966
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100033

Katarzyna Czechowska, Penitentiary Institution In Czerwony Bór
Published: 23 March 2020
by 10.24966
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100036

, University of Houston
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100040

Abstract:
Legacy Intervention (LI) has been shown to be helpful for the patients with co-occurring disorders by alleviating life concerns such as social isolation, discrimination and financial worries. However, legacy dosage has not been concretely measured. The purpose of this study is to illustrate how to use a clinical measure in a LI project to highlight individualized legacy dosage throughout the treatment process in a partial hospital program. This measure aims to empower patients to appreciate life-stress management for treatment success. Among 37 patients in LI treatment, legacy dosage is measured by patients’ exposure to positive support concretely marked on an 11-point individualized self-anchored scale after each session. These patients connected the points on a graph with their reported exploration after describing their expectations. Legacy is defined by the patients as reported as a memorable set of past coping successes to explicitly share with others. Due to its individualized nature, a composite case from these cases is used to illustrate how legacy dosage is measured to provide a place for patients to disclose their treatment expectations.
, Outcomes Matter
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100047

Abstract:
Problematic substance use significantly contributes to morbidity and mortality and affects individuals and communities systematically. Indeed, responses to such issues require a multidimensional, evidence informed approach. Medical, psychological and social responses have been identified as those with most efficacies within the literature.
, Little Rock
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100048

Abstract:
This article explores the impact of the current drug policy on women in the US and ways to move drug policy forward in a gender-responsive way. It examines the two competing, incompatible perspectives on addiction: “health” or “moral weakness”. Due to a historical policy alignment with the “moral weakness” perspective, the current drug policies adversely affect a woman’s ability to receive evidence-based care and parent their children.
, East Carolina University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100035

Abstract:
Adolescent substance use and misuse continues to rise in the United States of America. Psychological, behavioral, and physical health comorbid with substance use concerns is rising commensurate with illicit drug use.
Robert G Smith, Shoe String Podiatry Ormond Beach
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100042

Abstract:
We present descriptive data between the 1918-1919 “Spanish flu” pandemic & current Covid-19 pandemic that allow for the inference that opioid use disorder patients are an at-risk population and that a national awareness platform should be launched to protect this population.
, Technological University Dublin
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100043

Abstract:
The current study adopted a quantitative approach to assess the impact of coping strategies and perceived social supports on the level of stress in a sample (n=124) of high performance athletes in Ireland.
, Southern Federal University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100039

Abstract:
(narcissistic amnesia) why narcissists and psychopaths often contradict themselves. Tomorrow's confabulation often negates yesterday's. The narcissist and psychopath do not remember their previous tales because they are not invested with the emotions and cognitions that are integral parts of real memories.
, National Autonomous University Of Mexico (UNAM)
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100041

Abstract:
The fact that the persistent and frequent use of high doses of addictive substances provokes changes in the functioning of the brain cannot be denied. Here's the study.
, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100044

Abstract:
Vaping is a new development within the field of radiology and medicine at large with respect to the development of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) from Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) containing Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS). Similar to the initial marketing of cigarettes, vaping was advertized as being a safe product with limited ingredients. ENDS products were eventually touted as being superior to cigarettes because of the aforementioned limited ingredients compared to the numerous carcinogenic elements found in cigarettes. The four typical constituents are propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine, and a flavorant. The variety of flavors is particularly marketable towards the youth and within the past year, an increasing volume of patients have been admitted secondary to respiratory symptoms associated with vaping. Four computed tomography (CT) patterns of vaping induced lung injury have been identified and include acute eosinophilic pneumonia, diffuse alveolar damage, organizing pneumonia and lipoid pneumonia.
, Brigham And Women’S Hospital
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100049

Abstract:
As opioid overdoses continue to contribute toward a public health crisis, the need for naloxone treatment by emergency first responders is critical. However, there is limited knowledge about attitudes regarding naloxone from the views of patients potentially at risk for overdose in addition to first responders who administer naloxone.
, Health And Exercise Science Department
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100046

Abstract:
Chronic disease such as diabetes is a major cause of death worldwide. Unhealthy lifestyle such as tobacco use, lack of exercise, inappropriate use of alcohol contributes to one’s susceptibility to this disease. Smoking as a diabetic patient increases the risk of developing other health challenges associated with diabetes. Hence this study identifies and summarize existing literature on tobacco use in diabetic patients.
, Universidad De Santander (Udes)
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 6, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100028

Abstract:
Addiction treatment commonly presents therapeutic failures. In recent decades, there has been a growing interest in neuropeptides and their role in regulating the different phases of the addictive process.
Zhengquan Zhu, Tumor Hospital Affiliated of Xinjiang Medical University
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 6, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100029

, University of Toronto
Addiction & Addictive Disorders, Volume 6, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.24966/aad-7276/100026

Abstract:
Tobacco Use Disorder (TUD) is a major worldwide healthcare burden resulting in 7 million deaths annually. TUD has few approved cessation aids, all of which are associated a high rate of relapse within one year. Biomarkers of TUD severity, treatment response, and risk of relapse have high potential clinical utility to identify ideal responders and guide additional treatment resources.
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