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, Zuvyati A. Tlonaen, Andreas J. F. Lumba, Julian J. Leko
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 53-61; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2355

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the relationship between self-esteem and learning responsibility and group learning commitment of physical education students. We used a quantitative approach, with a correlation design. During the research, there were 88 physical education students from semester VI involved. In collecting the data, we used the State Self-Esteem Scale from Heatherton and Polivy (1991), the Personal Responsibility Questionnaire from Mergler (2007), and the Organization Commitment Scale from Allen and Meyer (1990). The research data were analyzed descriptively and used Pearson correlation with the assistance of SPSS. The descriptive test revealed that self-esteem is quite good (67%), responsibility for learning is relatively good (54.6%), and students’ group learning commitment is quite good (65.9%). Whereas, the Pearson test indicated that there is a positive and significant relationship between self-esteem and learning responsibilities (0.468) and the students’ group learning commitment (0.282). This study emphasizes that lecturers and peers need to support, maintain, and develop positive self-esteem through supportive feedback to encourage students’ learning behavior, such as being responsible and committed to group learning in completing various learning tasks.
Ina Fatina Dewi
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2270

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to boost teacher pedagogic competence using a mentoring-coaching approach. Three SMPK Immanuel Pontianak teachers participated in the two cycles of action research conducted in the year academic of 2014-2015. This recent research inspects the impact of principal’s approaches on teacher pedagogic competence changes and its hindering factors. The principal’s approaches toward teachers were decided using a Glickman’s diagram, and teacher performance was measured using a rubric to measure their teaching performance. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The findings indicated that teacher pedagogic was able to rise using this combined technique, although not all subjects were successful in being improved. The other significant findings were (1) the principal’s consistency in applying chosen approach, (2) teachers’ ability to identify their need for improvement. This recent study’s limitations were the minimal number of participants, teacher motivation as the overlooked factor, and the supervisor’s ability to consistently apply the chosen approaches.
Wasis Suprapto, Bunyamin Maftuh, Helius Sjamsuddin, Elly Malihah
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2305

Abstract:
Violence become a serious problem in this country. All parties including students have been involved in this swirl of problems. The phenomenon of violence in the educational environment can be minimized by internalizing the Living Value Education Program (LVEP) in learning activities. LVEP internalization is carried out as a reference basis in developing resolution models in social studies learning. This article focuses on examining (1) the process of internalizing values in social studies learning, (2) the importance of including LVEP in the learning process, and (3) making LVEP the basis for developing a conflict resolution model. Articles are reviewed using literature study. The results showed that (1) the process of internalizing values in social studies learning was carried out in order to prepare students to become good citizens. (2) LVEP contains universal values such as peace, respect, love, cooperation, happiness, honesty, humility, responsibility, simplicity, tolerance, freedom and unity which can be used as a reference in classroom learning activities. (3) LVEP can be used as a reference in developing a conflict resolution model because it contains values of peace-loving, tolerance, and upholds the value of national unity and integrity
Dingding Haerudin, Dedi Koswara, Amanda Puspanditaning Sejati
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 39-46; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.1535

Abstract:
The main reason for conducting this research is that Sundanese textbooks do not describe the material gradation standards according to the needs and background of students at each level of Education, in addition to not presenting a systematic material structure. In connection with the reason above, the purpose of this study is to examine the gradations and structure of the material contained in the Sundanese textbook for Junior High School/MTs and Senior High School/Vocational/MA students. The method used in this research is the description method. While the data collection technique used in this research is library research techniques. The technique is used to describe data based on gradations and structure of subject presented in Sundanese textbooks based on education levels. The data processed in this study is Sundanese language learning materials including 1) literary forms of poetry: poetry, circumcision, wawacan, satire, pupujian, sawer, and kawih; 2) literary forms of prose: fairy tales, short story, novels, puppet story, and drama; 3) non-literary texts: speeches, writers, letters, reports, debates, interviews, and reports reading. As for, the source of the data is Sundanese textbooks for Junior High School/MTs and Senior High School/Vocational/MA students based on the 2013 Local Content Curriculum Revised 2017. The finding of this study is that the composition of Sundanese textbook material for Junior High School/MTs and Senior High School/Vocational/MA students in accordance with the 2013 Local Content Curriculum Revised 2017, nevertheless, not paying attention to the gradation of the material. Things that unintentionally missing from the authors are 1) gradation of writing indicators from competencies achievement or learning objectives, 2) scope of material presentation and depth of material, and 3) variations of operational verbs on the writing tasks. This research can be used as a consideration in compiling the material presented in the textbook, so that the content presented ca be in accordance with students' needs and background based on their level of education.
Fitria Izza Tazkiah, Sri Mulyani, Sentot Budi Rahardjo
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 7-12; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2297

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to identify Kolb’s learning style of seventh-grade students. Learning style is a combination of the way how the student absorbs then processes the information. Kolb's learning style, developed by David Kolb, combines students' learning tendency and produces four learning styles; they are diverger, assimilator, converger, and accommodator. Learning style is one of the factors can cause misconceptions. A misconception is a difference between a student's conceptions and the expert. Usually, the concepts are difficult to correct. This misconception will affect a student's achievement and disturb in understanding and developing a student's knowledge. The method applied in this study was a survey method with describtive qualitative technique. The data were collected using Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (KLSI) 3.1 version. The subjects were 78 students in three schools with high, medium, and low grades The results indicated that from 78 students, there were 40 divergers (51%), 12 assimilators (15%), ten convergers (13%), and 16 accommodators (21%). Each kind of learning style affects a student's misconception. This research benefits in identifying misconceptions probably faced by students in certain subjects of science learning.
Clarry Sada
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 18-23; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2294

Abstract:
This study aims at exploring the determinant factors contributing to students’ choice in selecting English Study Program (A Study on English Study Program at FKIP Tanjungpura University in Pontianak). It has been noticed that some of the students have a low qualification of English skill, therefore, it has become a problem for those students to follow the lesson. It has assumed that the students do not have sufficient information on their selection of choosing English Study Program. The problems of this study are: (1) What are the determinant factors influenced the students’ choice in selecting the English study program of FKIP University of Tanjungpura in Pontianak ?. And (2) What are the dominant determinant factors influenced the students’ choice in selecting the English study program of FKIP at the University of Tanjungpura in Pontianak ?. The purposes of the study are: (1) to find out the determinant factors influenced the students’ choice of selecting the English study program, (2) to identify the dominant determinant factors influenced the students’ choice in selecting the English study program, and (3) to identify the deviation attitudes of the students in selecting English study program. The method uses questionnaires which contain some information to be answered by the students. There are 30 respondents as a sample of this research. The findings show that (1) the determinant factors are: a personal choice, the reputation of faculty, the reputation of the study program, teachers and parents, and a location. Meanwhile, the dominant determinant factors are (1) a personal choice (137), the reputation of the study program (119), teachers (111) and parents (107).
Chen Chang, Getaye Aytenew
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 62-69; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2288

Abstract:
Concerning the fast spread of COVID-19, countries all over the world have closed academic institutions to stop the pandemic. It is now apparent that students and teachers require other options that have to be more versatile, easily accessible, and support the current technologies and conditions to face the unpredictable future. From the review, literature disclosed that universities throughout the globe are establishing and implementing electronics learning platforms as a basic need in academic institutions. This manuscript aimed to assess the status of electronics learning in China and Ethiopian educational institutions to counter the challenges of the closure of schools because of the outbreak of the pandemic. The paper highlights concerning e-learning in the sense of China and Ethiopia, e-learning challenges, and successful experiences. This review paper also suggests educators use e-learning and distance learning as a necessity to advance learning, particularly during this pandemic season.
Wahyu Rizaldi, Mawardi Mawardi
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 13-17; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2348

Abstract:
Lack of critical thinking skills in students is a problem faced in thematic learning at SD Negeri 2 Kedungrejo. Therefore, it had an impact on low learning outcomes. From this problem, this study aims to improve critical thinking skills and learning outcomes through discovery learning model. Classroom Action Research (PTK) was used in this study. While the data collection instruments included observation sheets, test questions, and questionnaires. The data analysis technique used a comparative descriptive technique. The subjects of this study were 22 4th grade students of SD Negeri 2 Kedungrejo. The results of this study indicated an improvement of critical thinking skills and students’ learning outcomes. This can be proven by the average value of students' critical thinking skills in cycle I of 54.67% and increased again in cycle II by 69.84%. Whereas for students’ learning outcomes, in cycle I showed students’ average score of 70. Moreover, it increased by an average value of 80 in cycle II. To sum up, these results showed that applying discovery learning model in the online learning process were able to improve students’ critical thinking skills and learning outcomes.
Agista Nidya Wardani, Adityo Adityo
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 24-30; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2317

Abstract:
In relation to producing, enjoying, and especially criticizing literature, some literary terminologies are used frequently. Thus, corpus in the field of Literature is urgently needed to compile. This study aims to compile literary terminologies found in Literature and Language Teaching by Gillian Lazar and Literary Movements for Students by Ira Mark Milne books. In addition, it also tries to find the frequency, meaning (in context), and examples of the use of the terminologies. The method used in this research was document analysis, the data of which was obtained from predetermined documents, such as books of general literature, and books of theory and literary criticism. While the stages carried out were data collection, data selection, and presentation. From the books studied, it is found that the terminologies that appear could be categorized into terminologies related to (1) authors, (2) readers of literary works, (3) literary work itself, and (4) literary theory and criticism. Additionally, there is an interesting fact from the data found that the books have different frequencies of literary terminologies. The terminologies that appeared in Literary Movements for Students are more frequent.
Baharuddin J.H., Indri Astuti, Aloysius Mering
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 311-316; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2197

Abstract:
This study aims to produce design, to know the profile and to determine the level of effectiveness of the Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) based on Computer-Based Test (CBT) to Test of English For Academic Proficiency (TEAP) IKIP PGRI Pontianak. The development research method is the ADDIE development design model. The research subjects were students of the eighth semester English study program and the lecturers and staff who served at UPT Bahasa of IKIP PGRI Pontianak. Data collection tools used interviews and TEAP user questionnaires then analyzed with the formula from Khabibah. PHP-based CBT profile in the form of a web that can be accessed online and integrated with multiple-choice item analysis. This study found that TEAP requires a system that can automatically be correcting, storing test results, analysing test results and distributing test certificates. The results showed that the effectiveness level of the respondents' opinion of the test participants with a percentage score of 77% in good category and from the opinion of respondents who implement TEAP is very effective and can analyze the level of difficulty, difference power and distractor analysis properly and quickly. This illustrates that PHP-based CBT is suitable for the TEAP program.
Kania Rubiati, Sri Setyaningsih, Henny Suharyati
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 269-273; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2144

Abstract:
The quality of teacher services is an important element related to achieving national education goals and developing Indonesian people as a whole. The initial survey of teacher service quality in the Civil Servants in the High School in the city of Bogor has not yet reached maximum results. Therefore, the quality of teacher services is interesting to study. This study aims to find efforts to improve teacher service quality by examining the relationship between teacher service quality with teacher personality variables and organizational justice. The data needed in this study were captured using an instrument in the form of a questionnaire. Before the questionnaire is used as a data collection tool, it must be first analyzed its validity and reliability. This analysis was carried out by testing the instrument to respondents, who had been determined. This trial is intended to determine the feasibility of this instrument as a research instrument. The study also uses correlational statistical methods and analysis of the SITOREM method. The unit of research analysis was a high school civil servant teacher with a population of 279 and a sample of 103 teachers. The results of the study show there is a positive relationship between the teacher's personality and the quality of teacher services with the strength of the relationship ry1 = 0.421 and there is a positive relationship between organizational justice and the quality of the teacher's service with the strength of the ry2 = 0.297 so that the quality of teacher service can be improved through the personality of the teacher and organizational justice. The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between the teacher's personality and the service quality approach as well as the organizational justice variable with the quality of teacher service both individually and collectively. SITOREM analysis results showed that there should be priority improvements to indicators that are not optimal such as (1) stable emotions (2) open to experience (3) procedural fairness (4) responsiveness (5) attention.
Citra Utami, Rien Anitra, Usinah Robert Moseki
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 229-237; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2045

Abstract:
The understanding of mathematical concepts has an important role in one of the knowledge and activity skills in mathematics learning according to NCTM. On the other hand, self-regulated learning is one aspect that also determines the success of students' mathematics learning. Facts in the field, the understanding of concepts, and self-regulated learning students' are still low. Based on this, the need for contextual learning and the existence of teaching aids in learning mathematics. The purpose of this study is to find out the increase in understanding of the concept, the effect of self-regulated learning toward the understanding of concepts, and describe the understanding of the concept. This research is a mixed-method with a combination model used in Sequential Explanatory Design. The subjects were fourth-grade elementary school students in the city of Singkawang. In the qualitative part, taking the subject is to randomly select 1 student from the criteria of understanding the concepts that arise. Data collection instruments used were tests and questionnaires. The data analysis technique used is the scoring, N-Gain test, simple regression test, and quantitative descriptive. The results of this study showed: (1) there is an increase in understanding of concepts in RME learning assisted by PANDU; (2) there is a significant influence between self-regulated learning and the understanding of concepts in RME learning assisted by PANDU, and (3) the understanding of concepts in learning RME assisted by PANDU has an average of 79.63.
Sutji Harijanto
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 415-419; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2302

Abstract:
This study aims to explore the empowerment of organizational culture in increasing the senior high school Principal’s performance. This research used a survey method with a causal approach. The affordable population in this study were 146 heads of public and private high schools in East Jakarta. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. The data were collected using a questionnaire. The data analysis technique used descriptive analysis and inferential analysis (path analysis). The result shows that the senior high school Principal’s performance can be increased by empowering organizational culture. It also shows that the senior high school Principal’s performance strengthens the notion that the higher score of the independent variables of organizational culture, the higher score of the senior high school Principal’s performance serving as the dependent variable. Strengthening organizational culture will improve senior high school Principal’s performance. Finally, the senior high school Principal’s performance was examined at one point in time. The quality of the principal’s performance will increase if organizational culture also increases.
John Pahamzah, , Nurhaedah Gailea, Zakaria Zakaria
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 426-430; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1835

Abstract:
The objective of the research was to find out whether the textbook provided by teachers had fulfilled the criteria of having a good book. The researcher used qualitative research, particularly content analysis research design. To answer the research questions, the researcher analyzed the contents of textbooks, evaluated by using a checklist adapted from the Cunningsworth checklist and writing a report. The researcher interpreted data to determine whether the textbook met the criteria for a good textbook. The results of the analysis showed that there were no textbooks that met the criteria for good books. The first result showed that the Think Global Act Locally met the criteria with a percentage of 51.92%, the coverage was 66.67% for aims and approaches, 33.33% for design, 40% for language content, 55.56% for skills, 66.67% for topics, 80% for methodology, 0% for teacher's book and 75% for practical considerations. The second was "English on Sky 3" met the percentage of 59.62%, the coverage was 66.67% for aims and approaches, 50% for design, 60% for language content, 72.22% for skills, 66.67% for the topic, 80% for methodology, 0% for Teacher's book and 50% for practical considerations. Meanwhile, Practices Your English Competence 3 met the percentage of 42.31%, the coverage was 33.33% for aims and approaches, 50% for design, 60% for language content, 33.33% for skills, 66.67% for topics, 60% for methodology, 0% for teacher's book and 50% for practical. In conclusion, there were no criteria that achieved good criteria and three out of eight criteria were considered fair.
Sandie Sandie, Utin Desy Susiaty
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 375-382; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2092

Abstract:
One of the reasons for learners to have poor covariational reasoning is because learners understand covariation to the extent that it is procedural, while conceptually it is not fully understood. The goal to be achieved is to describe the process of student covariational reasoning in constructing graphs. This research uses a qualitative approach. This type of research is qualitative research in which the main data is written and/or spoken words. The subjects in this study were odd semester students consisting of 3, 5, and 7 Mathematics Education Study Programs, Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Technology IKIP-PGRI Pontianak. The research instrument consists of the main instrument, namely the researcher himself and the supporting instrument, namely the task of covariational problems in the form of a written test and interview guidelines. Data analysis by processing and preparing data from the assignment results to interpreting the data and making conclusions. This study examines the process of student covariational reasoning in solving dynamic incident problems. Students initially experience a pseudo error, however, along with the problem-solving process students can eliminate pseudo thinking that was initially experienced. Students have been able to solve covariational problems at Level 5, where these problems require students to be able to coordinate changes in the value of one variable against changes in the value of other variables. The problem at level 5 also requires students to be able to see changes in time and changes in water level that occur continuously by paying attention to the irregular shape of the bottle. The existence of the Covid-19 pandemic provides a limit for researchers in collecting data that should have been done directly online. This limits researchers to dig deeper into what students think in depth. The number of students who can solve this problem needs to pay attention to the IKIP PGRI Pontianak Institute to compile a curriculum or learning media that instils the concept of reasoning.
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 346-355; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1738

Abstract:
The main objective of this study is to explore the extent of teachers’ readiness in anticipating the demands of 21st century skills and science teaching pedagogy practice. A quantitative survey-descriptive method employed in this study. The sample consists of 120 public primary school teachers in Pontianak. A five responses Likert scale questionnaire comprises 37 items was administered. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistical analysis, the independent t-test, and the extent of readiness was interpreted according to the interval of the overall average score. Based on data analysis, it is found that the total profile of “never and seldom” teachers’ responses is 9.2%, the “often and always” is 20.0%, and “sometimes” is 70.8%. There is no total means score difference between experienced and novice teachers’ performance (t = 0.887, p > 0.05). Moreover, the barrier factors the teachers faced in schools could be categorized as professional development, personal, institutional, and technological factor. This study concluded that the readiness of public primary school teachers in Pontianak in implementing the 21st century skills and science teaching pedagogy is an insufficient category. In-service teacher training for ICT integration should be directed toward building teachers’ skills and competencies in science pedagogical practices.
Desilia Elisabet, Agung Hartoyo, Yulis Jamiah
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 383-387; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1793

Abstract:
This study aims to determine whether there is an effect of Two Stay Two Stray cooperative learning on student learning outcomes on the surface area material. The method used in this study is an experimental method with a quasi-experimental form and the research design is Posttest-Only Control Design. The population of this study were all class IX students of SMP Negeri 18 Pontianak for the 2018/2019 academic year which were spread into five classes. The samples of this research were students of class IX D and IX E who were taken by using a simple random sampling technique (simple random sampling). Data collection techniques using measurement techniques and data collection tools with test descriptions used to determine student learning outcomes. After the data was tested in the two samples, the data analysis was then carried out to test the hypothesis. Before the Hypothesis test was carried out, the prerequisite was first tested, namely the Normality Test, because the abnormal normality test, the hypothesis test used the Mann Whitney U-Test. From the results of data analysis, the zcount value was obtained equal to 1.87 while the value of ztable of 1.64 for𝛼 = 0.05. Because of the value of zcount > ztable, it is concluded that there is an effect of cooperative learning Two Stay Two Stray on student learning outcomes.
Sesilia Seli, Antonius Totok Priyadi, Sisilya Saman, Laurensius Salem
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 332-339; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2250

Abstract:
This study is based on the importance of conducting an in-depth study of the characters of Ne’ Baruakng Kulup story of DayakKanayatn’s oral literature. This story narrates an attempt made by Baruakngto bring paddy into the earth which was full of obstacles so that he was named Ne’ BaruakngKulup. The aims of this study to describe the actantial schemes and functional structures in the Ne’BaruakngKulup story. The life dynamic of Baruakngis interesting to study more in-depth by using the study of narrative structure based on the thinking of A.J. Greimas. This qualitative study was focused on two important elements, namely: (1) the actantial scheme in the story of Ne’ BaruakngKulup; and (2) the functional structure in the story of Ne’ BaruakngKulup.The techniques of collecting data in this study were a documentary study and analyzed using structural approaches.The results of this study indicate that there are 14 actantial schemes and 14 functional structures. Four actant schemes and 4 perfect functional structures and 10 actantial schemes, and 10 imperfect functional structures. The main actantial scheme lies in the sixth actant scheme. There is a correlational relationship between the actant scheme and the functional structure. The character of Ne’ BaruakngKulup is a hero in the story analyzed.
Indah Purnamasari, Fadillah Fadillah, Warneri Warneri
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 420-425; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2301

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the design of multimedia learning, to determine the feasibility and to determine the affective and psychomotor of students. The method in this research is the method of research and development or research and development using the 4D model, namely the definition, design and development. Participants of this study were biology subject teachers and students of class XI at SMA Negeri 2 Teluk Keramat. Data collection technique used observation, interview and documentation. Data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. From the results of the validation of media experts, material experts and design experts obtained an average value of 4.33 with very valid criteria which means that multimedia learning is very feasible to use for field trials. Assessment of affective and psychomotor of students obtained an average of 3.5 and 3.6 with excellent criteria. From the results of product validation and testing that multimedia learning can help teachers in the learning process to create interesting learning for students.
Aunurrahman Aunurrahman
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 296-302; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2145

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the essential dimensions of primary school education problems in Sintang district based on their types and aspects to analyze the readiness to implement the minimum competency assessment and character survey in 2021 with a focus on two main study dimensions, namely the main problems of education and the dimensions of readiness to implement the minimum competency assessment policy and character survey. The data was collected by combining qualitative and quantitative approaches through the implementation of a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and a questionnaire. The FGD was attended by supervisors, school principals and elementary school teachers. Meanwhile, the questionnaire was filled in by elementary school teachers who were spread over some elementary schools in several sub-districts of Sintang district. Qualitative data analysis used taxonomic analysis techniques (taxonomy analysis) and interactive analysis from Miles and Huberman. Meanwhile, the quantitative analysis uses descriptive statistical analysis. The results showed that the taxonomy of educational problems in supporting the readiness to implement the minimum competency assessment and character survey in elementary schools in Sintang district was seen from the teacher dimensions regarding shortages and uneven distribution. In the curriculum dimension, it is considered that changes are too fast so that it becomes a source of confusion for some teachers, and in the learning process that has not made good use of information and communication technology tools. In the leadership and management dimension, the implementation of discipline and transparency is still low. In the dimension of school readiness towards implementing minimum competency assessment policies and character surveys in 2021, especially concerning the principal who not yet optimal initiative to encourage teacher involvement to find out and explore new policies and less proactive teachers in seeking information or increasing knowledge related to minimum competency assessment policies and character surveys through various available sources of information.
, Pitso I, Dintwa E
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 409-414; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.190

Abstract:
It is indispensable for the instructors imparting competencies should have the capability to perform their task efficiently and effectively for the development of workforce skills. In this paper, we discussed the application of combining Micro-lecture methodology with the latest e-learning techniques in a core-engineering course. Audio-visual facilities enabled smart classrooms with micro-lectures using point-based videos, PPTs and images save more time for students to engage more towards practical in the laboratory and to understand the concept easily, which instigates students’ interest and creativeness. This study aims to investigate the effect of using the microteaching methodology in integration with the latest e-learning techniques at the University of Botswana. To achieve this objective evolution is done by considering different pass percentages and online software-based student evolution of course and teaching system. The post-application results showed that the group showed a good rating in grades, presence and knowledge. Students rating received were good i.e. 4.2 and 4.3 in teaching and major course evolution on a scale of five with the pass percentage of 73.1% showing 23% increments from the previous year’s results and excellent reviews.
Weni Gurita Aedi, Lisda Fitriana Masitoh
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 225-228; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1990

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to develop a calculus learning module based on POGIL for Informatics Engineering students. The POGIL-based module contains namely exploring, discovering, and applying. Through POGIL, students are more responsible for their educational assignments, learn to rely on their ability to think rather than just remember and develop positive relationships with other students. The module was developed and contains the POGIL syntax. The quality of development results is determined based on Nieveen's criteria, namely valid, practical, and effective. This is a Research and Development Study that applies the Plomp Model which consists of the initial research, development, and assessment phases. The subjects of this research were students of Informatics Engineering at the University of Pamulang. The research instruments used were validation sheets, student assessment questionnaires, and calculus questions. In terms of validity, based on the assessment conducted by experts, has met the valid criteria with a very good category with an empirical score that is 312. In terms of practicality, based on the results of student assessments after participating in learning using the developed tools, it is in the very good category with an empirical score of 1924. In terms of effectiveness, the result is Z = 1.75 > Z_a = 1.645, so Ho is rejected, which means that the proportion of students who score 70 is more than 74.99%. The results showed that the calculus learning module met the criteria of validity, practicality, and effectiveness.
Arima Renny Dayu Putri, Markus Budiraharjo
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 218-224; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1532

Abstract:
Empirical studies drawn from a Foucauldian discourse analysis suggest the complexity of policy implementations. Policy construction and implementation involve a set of different stakeholders, causing many competing agendas from different bodies to interfere with the processes and making policy outcomes highly unpredictable. This study was set to investigate how high school student enrolment zoning policy in Indonesia was represented in major online daily journals, specifically during the two months of June and July 2019. The latest enrolment zoning policy has been considered to be too disruptive among both parents and schools. Utilizing a discourse analysis, this paper attempted to reveal what issues were addressed and what agendas or powers were contested. In this discourse analysis, it is found that the three online journals as the resources of the study were not strong enough in presenting the news. All of them have not discussed the student’s aspect as the implementer of the zoning policy.
Ovan Ovan, Andika Saputra
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 244-248; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2032

Abstract:
Testing research instruments can be done using several applications such as SPSS, AMOS, Lisrell, and several other applications. However, the use of these applications encounters several obstacles for its users, the first is that some of these applications are paid, the costs that are not small to buy a license for this application often force users to use a pirated version of the application, which of course is detrimental for developers and tarnish the world of education itself. And the second is that the use of this application sometimes confuses the users, the cause is that the items in the application are too complex, making it difficult to use, and in some applications, there are demands that users have an understanding of programming to be able to use the application. Therefore, in this research, a web-based application was developed to test the validity and reliability of research instruments that are free of charge and easy to use by academics and researchers (this application is then called CAMI). The stages taken in this research are the study of the theory of testing the validity and reliability of the research instrument, collecting data, compiling the syntax for making applications, installing applications on a web server (so that they can be accessed online), and testing applications from the data obtained. The data used in this research is secondary data obtained from theses and journals. Furthermore, the data is used to test the web application that has been created, then the results of the test data output are compared with the test results using the SPSS application with the same data. From the test results, it was found that both validity and reliability tests gave the same output 100% as the SPSS application.
Iip Istirahayu
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 249-252; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1856

Abstract:
Character development in students is very important to be a better individual and understand the values that apply. Character development is done by instilling basic ethical values such as one of which is cooperation. The purpose of this research is to find out and analyze the increase in the value of cooperation of elementary school students in the city of Singkawang through the application of the traditional Lompat Tali game, as a form of preserving the nation's culture and building the nation's cultural character. The method used in this research is quantitative research. The study population was all elementary school students in Singkawang. Samples were selected using a purposive sampling technique as many as 50 groups. The type of data used in this survey research is quantitative data obtained from interviews, observations, and attitude scales. Analysis of the data in this study used the N-gain test to see an increase in student cooperation attitude. The results of the study based on the N-gain calculation show that the increase in the cooperative attitude of elementary school students is 0.38, which means that students of the traditional game of Lompat Tali can increase the cooperative attitude of elementary school students.
Ahmad Yani T., Misdah Misdah, Wahab Wahab
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 274-279; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2159

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain empirical evidence on strengthening social competence (Islamic Studies subjects; Arabic script) through the independent learning of reciprocal teaching models with a metacognitive approach. The population in this study was the fifth-grade students of SD Mujahidin Pontianak City. While the sample was taken randomly from two classes from 5A and 5C to class 5 students. One class received Reciprocal Teaching (RT) model learning with a metacognitive approach as an experimental group and one class received regular learning as a control group. The instruments used in this study consisted of three types of instruments, namely: (1) observation sheets, (2) students' independent learning scales, and (3) learning outcomes tests on Islamic Education subjects. Based on the data analysis in this study, the process of strengthening social competence through student learning independence in the subject of Islamic Religious Education uses the reciprocal teaching model with a metacognitive approach practiced at SD Mujahidin Pontianak can be seen from the main component of learning (core competence). Efforts to strengthen social competence through independence can be designed through a Reciprocal Teaching model with a metacognitive approach gradually and intact. The first process starts with the development of the lesson plan as an operational design in the practice of Islamic Education learning. Development of learning components in the lesson plan, namely materials, methods, media, sources, and evaluation that are more creative, innovative. The teaching of teaching materials as a whole, which includes cognitive, affective, and psychomotor teaching materials. Second, there are differences in strengthening social competence through independent learning between students learning Islamic education using the reciprocal teaching model with a metacognitive approach and students learning Islamic education using ordinary learning models. The independent learning of students in Islamic Religious Education in the group that received reciprocal teaching model learning with a metacognitive approach was better than the control group.
Aida Mehrad
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 317-331; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1799

Abstract:
According to the importance of academic staff job satisfaction at university and evaluating effective factors on satisfaction, the present study is to clarify the relationship between personality factors and job satisfaction by the mediatory role of emotional intelligence. The study involved 440 academic staff selected by multi-stage sampling from public research universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia. This study applied a cross-sectional design. Big Five Inventory (BFI), Emotional Intelligence Test (SSEIT), and Job Descriptive Index (JDI) have been used to measured variables of the study. Additionally, the Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression analysis, and mediation analysis (Sobel test) are used for data analysis. The findings released a positive correlation between emotion perception, utilization of emotion, managing own emotions, managing others’ emotions, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness with job satisfaction. Conversely, there is a negative correlation between neuroticism and job satisfaction, whereas no correlation is observed between extraversion and job satisfaction. Personality factors likewise showed a significant relationship with almost all emotional intelligence factors except the utilization of emotion and neuroticism. The utilization of emotion and neuroticism predicted the level of job satisfaction, and only utilization of emotion significantly mediated the relationships between agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness with job satisfaction. In fact, the agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness academic staff have a better ability to apply emotion to obtain job satisfaction than other staff. In short, the study sheds new light in the context of psychology, particularly in the job satisfaction context among academic staff at universities.
Widi Astuti, Nurhadi Bewe
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 401-408; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1985

Abstract:
Indonesian is now increasingly in demand to be studied by foreign speakers for various purposes. One of the purposes for foreign speakers to learn Indonesian is related to academic purpose. BIPA learning with academic purposes has different characteristics from BIPA learning in general. This study aims to describe listening learning in the BIPA program for academic purposes at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta based on the aspects of learning preparation and implementation which includes learning activities, learning materials, learning media, learning assessments, problems, and solutions in learning. The subject of this research is a lecturer of listening skills in the BIPA program for academic purposes in the class of Yunnan Minzu University, China. This research used a descriptive qualitative method. Data collection was carried out by observation, interviews, and document study. Data analysis techniques include data reduction, data display, and verification. The validity of the research data was carried out using triangulation methods. The results showed that the learning preparation was carried out by making a syllabus and developing learning materials. Listening learning activities were carried out through pre-listening, while-listening, and post-listening activities. Listening learning materials tailored the academic needs and adjusted to the speaking skills that learners will learn. The learning media used are handouts, audio, and video that were connected from the laptop to speakers and/or projectors. Learning assessment was carried out at the middle of the semester and the end of the semester. Problems encountered in learning include a technical problem and a non-technical problem. To overcome technical problems, the lecturer reported this to the program manager for improvement, while for non-technical problems, the lecturer was proactive to ask the students. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the planning and implementation of listening learning in the BIPA program for academic purposes is following the principles of learning listening in a second or foreign language. However, some things need attention related to technical and non-technical problems that occur so that they can be minimized.
Lokadhia Manwa
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 356-362; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1670

Abstract:
Tertiary student roles are a critical aspect of student life during their academic career as they significantly contribute to the success of the whole learning process and the accomplishment of the entire course. This study contributes to debates on the influence of student multiple roles on academic engagement given the limited research on this phenomenon in Africa and Zimbabwe in particular. By investigating the factors influencing the nature of students’ roles, the findings may influence researchers to investigate other aspects of students’ life situations. The study sought to explore from the students’ perspectives, how they juggle their roles and from lecturers how these students perform. A qualitative approach that employed convenient sampling used twenty-one students and six lecturers from the three tertiary institutions in the city. Open-ended questionnaires and in-depth face-to-face interviews were used to generate data from the participants. Thematic analysis was used to process data, whereby common ideas and patterns that came up repeatedly were coded leading to key issues. Factors such as family background, family life cycle stage and economic status were found to be influencing the nature of students’ roles. Students indicated that they occupy many social roles which they could not ignore. They also reported negative effects of these roles on academic engagement. Lecturers also indicated that most students were not performing to their best. The study, therefore, recommends serious consideration of the various interplay underpinning factors that may impact negatively on student role behaviour. The incorporation of time-management and ingenuity into the university curriculum may benefit all students.
Dani Fitria Brilianti, Hana Yulinda Fithriyani
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 340-345; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1945

Abstract:
The use of appropriate media in the learning and teaching process especially in teaching speaking is quite important for the lecturers to have students' the best result. The video blog (Vlog) is one of the media that commonly used by lecturers in teaching speaking English to gain students' motivation in speaking. The main aim of this study is to investigate the lecturer's strategy in implementing video blog as a media in teaching speaking. Besides, it is also to identify the difficulties of vlog implementation in teaching speaking. To achieve the objectives, the descriptive qualitative approach in the form of a case study was chosen as the method of the research. Observation and interview were collected as the data to the class 2A, a second-semester student of Computer Engineering Students of Politeknik Harapan Bersama, Tegal, Indonesia. The data from classroom observation were obtained from activity portrait, video recording, students and lecturers' notes, and interview during observation. The data analysis presented by using descriptive explanation, and the data result from lecturers' interview were summarized by using the table and described based on the phenomenon that found during the observation. The finding of data showed that the lecturer applied task-based learning to implement vlog in speaking skill. The lecturers did not only show the vlog to the students in teaching speaking as the media but also asked them to make it by their selves and uploaded it to the YouTube Channel as the new references of English vlog. Lecturers began the learning and teaching process with pre tasks: introduction, review to the previous material; then continued to the main tasks: showing the model/media, giving task, and discussion; and closed by the post-task: evaluation and feedback. Moreover, the difficulties faced by the lecturers in implementing vlog in teaching speaking were a distinct range of students' English scores especially in speaking, the improper gadget that owns by the students’ to make the video blog, and lack of students’ creativity in building the video blog content to make it interesting to be watched. In line with the previous studies, which stated that video blog is interesting and it can improve students' speaking skill effectively.
Yayuk Hidayah, Yusuf Faisal Ali, Anis Suryaningsih
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 369-374; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1482

Abstract:
Student organization as a place to develop the talents of the students in the form of aspirations, ideas, and creativity to provide opportunities for students to be able to nurture their sense of organization. In student organizations, students are met with certain conditions that bring on pro-social attitudes. The purpose of this study is to analyze, describe, and assess the pro-social behaviour of students through student organizations. This research is descriptive qualitative research. Collecting data through observation, interviews and documentation. Analysis of the data is done by using the model of Miles and Huberman. This study results that students involved in student organizations have social behaviours such as empathy, social responsibility, and low egocentrism. The factors that affect student Pro-social attitudes are the environment, knowledge and personality. Mankind as the main source in the organization should be able to develop individuals with certain criteria. Coaching intensively and encouragement over the ownership of Pro-social attitudes for students are solutions to the emergence of the smart and good citizen.
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 280-295; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2203

Abstract:
Mobile learning is becoming a crucial tool in this era of face-to-face shutdown of education, and however the whole process currently faces a significant deficiency due to the kind of cognitive load that does exist and its relation with mobile device screen display size. It is well-established that certain screen sizes are more effective than others. This study aims to investigate the effect of screen size on students’ cognitive load in mobile learning. Specifically, it investigates whether screen size has a role in cognitive role and draws a comparison to reflect on the most effective size to be used in the context of mobile learning. Other factors that might interfere in the process were also investigated which include course content, gender, age, and students' GPA to see whether they play any additional role in burdening the cognitive load when using different screen sizes. To test the effect of screen size on cognitive load, an online survey was distributed to 1,570 students of the University of Jeddah who are studying at the foundation year for the academic year of 2018-2018, particularly for eight online courses. The sample was chosen randomly, where all members of the population, 6,500 students, had equal opportunities to participate in the study. Participants were invited via e-mail by sending an invitation to participate along with the questionnaire link on the "Qualrrics" platform. This research data analysis technique used ANOVA and curve estimation. The research findings revealed that small screen display size produces the lowest cognitive load as compared with larger display screens. This study also supports the use mobile learning process and gives recommendations to the instructional designers in order to make learning experiences more effective. The results of this study suggest a proper use of screen size can improve learning from smartphones, making them equal to learning from laptops and reducing the overloaded cognitive load that may affect students' understanding and hinder retention. Hence, implications were discussed, and further research recommendations were then provided.
Evinna Cinda Hendriana, Buyung Buyung
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 238-243; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1937

Abstract:
The success of learning mathematics affects the level of mastery of mathematical concepts that elementary school students (SD) must have, as well as prospective elementary school teachers at STKIP Singkawang. One of the factors that support the success of learning mathematics is a model of teaching materials in the form of systematic student worksheets (LKM) and interesting so that it is easy for students to learn individually. The purpose of researching the Development of Ethnomathematics-Based Student Worksheets in the course of Mathematics Basic Concept at STKIP Singkawang is valid, practical, and effective. The method used in this research is the development of the Borg and Gall (1979) 3D model, namely: define, design, and develop. The research subjects were 2 classes, namely the morning class (class A and class B) of the PGSD study program of STKIP Singkawang. Data analysis in this study was carried out through qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. The quantitative analysis conducted in this study includes validity analysis, practicality analysis, effectiveness analysis. Statistical test using the t-test, Z-test, and ANOVA test. The results showed that the learning tools developed were: (1) valid, after going through the validation process, (2) practical, because there was a good response from students, and (3) the ethnomathematics -based LKM learning tools were effective because the students' ability to understand mathematical concepts reached individual and classical completeness, as well as differences in the ability to understand mathematical concepts in the two classes of device trials.
Nurul Husna, Zulfahita Zulfahita, Sri Mulyani, Shahinoor Rahman
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 253-262; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1986

Abstract:
Literacy skills are very important abilities for students and are being encouraged to do so as a necessary prerequisite for lifelong learning. Because literacy skills are abilities that can be used to empower and improve the quality of individuals, families, communities, and countries. This study aims to (1) describe students' reading literacy and mathematical literacy skills based on the level of self-confidence of students in schools accredited A and B, as well as male and female students; (2) to test the comparability of reading literacy, mathematical literacy, and self-confidence based on the level of school accreditation and gender. The research method used in this research is descriptive quantitative. The sample in this study was selected using cluster sampling. The sample consisted of two public schools accredited A and B, and two private schools accredited A and B. The instruments in this study were reading literacy questions, mathematical literacy questions, student self-confidence questionnaires, and interview guidelines. The conclusions in this research are: (1) the descriptions are: (a) For schools with A accreditation, only confident students can process gathering information, processing information, and communicating information on reading literacy, while for mathematical literacy students who are confident can carry out the process Devising Strategies for Solving Problems indicators. For schools with B accreditation, students who are confident, confident enough, and less confident have carried out all the reading literacy processes, but there are still some mistakes and not according to the concept, while for mathematical literacy, students who are confident and confident enough can carry out process indicator Devising Strategies for Solving Problems. (b) For male students and female students who are confident, confident enough, and less confident to carry out the process of gathering information, processing information, and communicating information on reading literacy but still make some mistakes and do not fit the concept. As for mathematical literacy, confident female students can carry out the Communication process and Devising Strategies for Solving Problems. (2) For the comparison test, namely: (a) There is no difference in reading literacy between students from A and B accredited schools; (b) There are differences in mathematical literacy between students from A and B accredited schools; (c) There are differences in reading literacy and mathematical literacy between male students and female students; (d) There is no level of student confidence based on school accreditation and gender.
Emi Sulistri, Eti Sunarsih, Erdi Guna Utama, Usinah Robert Moseki
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 263-268; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2042

Abstract:
Many factors cause low student scientific literacy, one of which is due to the inappropriate use of the selected learning media in the learning process. This study aims to produce ethnoscience-based digital pocketbooks that are feasible and attractive to use by students and are effective in improving students' scientific literacy. The ADDIE model research procedure used includes five stages, namely: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. The sample consisted of 141 fifth grade students in three Singkawang City Public Elementary Schools. Data collection techniques in the form of interviews, validation, questionnaires, and scientific literacy tests. Based on the results of the analysis stage, it was found that the KI and KD were related to cultural elements and local wisdom of the city of Singkawang. The design stage is obtained by designing a book framework, presentation of material, instruments. The development stage obtained material, graphic, and linguistic feasibility. Phase I validation was 3.25 with a percentage of 81.41% and stage II was 3.72 with an eligibility percentage of 92.92%. The results of the practitioner validator were 3.8 with a percentage of 95% and were classified as valid. Implementation stage, validation of the attractiveness of student and student responses to linguistic aspects of 3.31 and 3.46, respectively. While the material and graphic aspects of the student's response have a value of 3.23 and 3.22 respectively in the attractive criteria and student responses have a value of 3.33 and 3.39 respectively in the very interesting category. This means that ethnoscience-based digital pocketbooks are generally feasible, easy to understand, and interesting to use because they have a new display concept that is coherently integrated with local culture and a design that is in line with developments. Students' scientific literacy skills increased with an effect size value of 0.621 with moderate criteria at 73% presentation. It can be concluded that ethnoscience-based digital pocketbooks can effectively improve students' scientific literacy skills.
Yusmawati Yusmawati, Aridhotul Haqiyah, Dani Nur Riyadi
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 363-368; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1808

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to find out the implementation of the 2013 Curriculum in Bekasi Elementary Schools. The method used in this study is the survey method. The sample in this study was a physical education teacher who taught at the Bekasi Elementary School amount of 30 people. The instrument used by the questionnaire of teaching indicators which include: (a) preparation factors, (b) application factors, and (c) evaluation factors. Data analysis technique were descriptive statistics by using the SPSS Version 23 program. The result showed that the 2013 curriculum implementation of physical education teachers is viewed from 3 factors which are as follows: (1) Preparation shows the very high result as many as 32.6%, while as many as 14.8% answered very low, 7.3% answered low, 16.3% answered moderate, and 29.1% answered high, (2) Application shows the high result as many as 35.1%, while as many as 16.4% answered very low, 14.1% answered low, 12.6% answered moderate, and 21.9% answered very high, (3) Evaluation shows the high result as many as 41.9%, while 7.6% answered very low, 7.6% answered low, 11% answered moderate, and 31.9% answered very high. So, the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in Physical Education subjects in Bekasi is already good in the preparation factor and needs improvement in application and the evaluation.
Molyn Mpofu, Carol Phindile Dlamini
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 303-310; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1671

Abstract:
The Eswatini Food and Nutrition (FN) examination results have shown that the practical examinations had higher scores than the theory papers, creating negatively skewed distributions. Students were scoring high marks in the FN practical examination component than in theory. This study sought to explore the factors that influence the allocation of high scores in FN practical examinations in Eswatini. A descriptive research design utilizing the qualitative research approach was employed. A sample of 17 participants was purposively selected, comprising of 10 FN teachers, 3 subject Regional Inspectors, 3 Moderators and one Subject Officer. Focus group discussions, interviews and document analysis were used to collect data. Thematic analysis was the tool used to analyse qualitative data obtained from interviews and focus group discussions. The study established that teacher competency levels were low as evidenced by unclear marking schemes. Schools lacked resources, which compromised on the monitoring and supervision of examinations. The study also established that FN practical examination assessment was subjective and that the use of a well-defined marking scheme could minimize the variations. Since FN is a practical subject, students needed to practice cookery tasks during the course of the year, hence students were more likely to excel during the end of year practical examinations. The study recommends discussion of assessment tools and continuous training for examiners before marking of the practical examinations.
Henry Elisa, Tuti Tuti
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 388-392; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.2040

Abstract:
Vocabulary plays an important role in determining the students’ ability for speaking because it is basic before children can produce words. Therefore, the teacher needs media as a tool to introduce those words to their students in the classroom. Flashcards is one of the media usually used by teachers at kindergartens in the Sintang Regency for teaching vocabulary for young learners. This research aims to evaluate the effects of using flashcard media for teaching vocabulary and identify the teachers’ responses towards the use of flashcard media for teaching vocabulary at kindergartens in Sintang Regency, West Kalimantan. This descriptive research qualitative research as an evaluation study is designed to explore the effects of the media on the students and teachers’ perspective. The data in this research were gathered through questionnaires with fifty-one participants and a semi-structured interview with five participants in Sintang Regency. The data analysis techniques used scale Likert in order researchers know how the use of flashcards by the teachers. The study’s results revealed that teachers believe that using flashcards is essential for teaching vocabulary to young learners. Thus, the teachers have various flashcards that can be applied for teaching vocabulary to young learners, for using colourful flashcards with different sizes. It is expected that this research gives references and knowledge for the kindergarten teachers who teach young learners so they could use the same media but with different types of flashcards types.
Eka Duriyatul Muhlisoh, Asih Santihastuti, Eka Wahjuningsih
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 393-400; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i2.1728

Abstract:
This research investigated the implementation of Flipped Approach in EFL classroom with the implementation of the E-learning platform. The participants were 42 sophomore English majors of Advanced Paragraph Writing class at Jember University. A within-subjects research design exposed all participants to have Writing Class by flipped learning and to use the E-learning platform. A one-shot survey design was used in this research by distributing two questionnaires “Perception of Flipped Learning Experience” and “Technology Acceptance Model” and doing the in-class observations as “Flipped Note” to collect the data. Data were analyzed quantitatively through SPSS 16.0 by applying the formula of Descriptive Statistics. The results of this research revealed that the implementation of the flipped approach in the classroom: (1) motivated the students in learning the materials, (2) enhanced the students’ knowledge, (3) and engaged them more in the learning tasks. They explained that the flipped approach gave them a new experience in language learning processes, in which they learned the materials before coming to the classroom so that they could criticize the materials. This way of learning aligns with the idea of student-centred learning. It is notable, however, that the students who did not learn the materials yet, could not criticize the materials and could not reach better outcomes in flipped classroom Moreover, the use of E-learning in the flipped classroom gave the students beneficial outcomes in the learning processes. Students revealed on the Technology Acceptance Model questionnaire that E-learning facilitates them properly, and they wanted to look forward to having E-learning in the future learning processes. Despite this finding, there remain limitation on the “server down” issue which needs to be straightened for more accessible E-learning among users.
Siti Wulan Asih, Ida Rahmah Andansari, Ely Widayati, Didik Murwantono
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 120-126; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1542

Abstract:
Flash cardboard is one of the media used for speaking, especially in storytelling. Teaching by using media is very necessary for learning because it greatly influences the results of the learning process. This research wants to know English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students’ perception after they learned storytelling using flash cardboard as a media. This was phenomenological research. This research used semi-structured interviews with some students who used flash cardboard in learning storytelling. Purposive sampling was used in this research. The result shows that the student got positive impacts facilitated by the flash cardboard media, they became more confident in speaking in front of the class, they were not involved because flash cardboard helped them, students also supported speaking fluently, they can produce more than 190 words per minute (wpm) but not necessarily perfect command of intonation, vocabulary, and grammar. By using flash cardboard as the media, the media can be an alternative method in learning English specifically speaking class because it forces students to speak (really make them speak) following the target language. In the end, it can also be concluded that learning English using flash cardboard media can improve students' language skills and speaking skills. The students maintain their ability in speaking smoothly not necessarily perfect command of intonation, vocabulary, and of course the grammar. The recommendation for further study is the other researchers can add the respondents with another English skill.
Euis Ismayati, Supari Muslim, Nita Kusumawati, Erina Rahmadyanti, Moch Alfin Hilmi, Tri Wrahatnolo
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 106-113; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1823

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the role of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and Teaching Factory (TEFA) on social, economic, and educational development in a country. The study was conducted using a literature review of some references and relevant research results of European countries, the United States (US), Africa, and Asia, especially in Indonesia. The results of the study obtained were presented in the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) to obtain input and criticism to improve the results of the research. The study concluded that: (1) TVET has a key and key role in the social, economic, and educational fields of a country; (2) the impact of TVET in Nigeria and other developing countries, in general, has not been impressive; (3) the application of TEFA has a positive and significant effect on work readiness of vocational students; and (4) the application of TEFA can contribute to the social, economic and educational development of a country.
Hidayana Putri, Fahriany Fahriany, Nasifuddin Jalil
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 67-72; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1551

Abstract:
Secondary schools obliged the students to master English skills. In fact, students have many shortcomings in mastering those English skills, especially speaking skills faced by the eighth-grade students of MTs Khazanah Kebajikan in the academic year 2017/2018. They had difficulties in speaking English directly. It was found by our observation in which the students were lack of vocabulary, self-confidence, and motivation. Additionally, they were difficult to elaborate on their ideas through the spoken form. Hence, the students are needed the new strategy to construct their shortcomings by the implementation of Think-Pair-Share. The objective of the study was to know the influence of Think-Pair-Share on students’ speaking ability of short monologue. This study used a quantitative method with a quasi-experimental design. The population was 102 students with 50 students as the sample of this study. The technique of data collection in this study consisted of pre-test and post-test. The data analysis techniques were used t-test, also included the test of normality and homogeneity. In addition, this study was also supported by measuring the effect size. The result of the study showed that students’ speaking score in the experimental class was higher than the controlled class. It found that H0 (Null Hypothesis) is rejected and Ha (Alternative Hypothesis) is accepted. Also, the result of the effect size was 2.91 at a large level (significant). It can be concluded that Think-Pair-Share is an effective way to improve students’ speaking ability, especially in short monologue.
Rita Retnowati, Rita Istiana, Nadiroh Nadiroh
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 137-144; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1035

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to determine the effectiveness of the development of the Project-Based Learning (PjBL) model based on local wisdom in solving environmental problems and the students’ ability to develop learning media. Research conducted at Educational Faculty and teaching sciences of Pakuan University. This research uses the method of Research and Development with the ADDIE model, comprising analyses, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The data were obtained from the validation by three experts, namely learning material expert, learning media expert, and learning model expert. The effectiveness assessment was done by N-Gain assessment environmental problem-solving ability and evaluating the multimedia product. The steps to develop the model are as follows: need analysis, designing learning model development, learning model development, learning model validation by the experts, learning model implementation in class, and model evaluation. The product created by the students from learning through PjBL based on local wisdom is a video about local wisdom. According to the data analysis result, it can be concluded that model development of PjBL based on local wisdom improves their ability to solve environmental problems, the average score is 0.69 in experiment class and the score in control class is 0.055 (scales of 0-1.0). The ability to develop video environmental learning media the score video product in experiment class is 2.4 and in the control class is 2.2 (scales of 1-3).
Ridwan Yusuf Deluma, Zulela Ms, Moch Asmawi
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 145-151; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1134

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the effect of the principal's leadership style, motivation, and professional competence on the performance of an elementary school teacher in the town of Kendari. The design of this research was path analysis. The study samples were 241 primary school teachers and they were taken by using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed statistically using path analysis with the program Linear Structural Relations (LISREL). The professional competence was equal ρy23 = 0.389, t = 4.751, table = 1,97 means t> t table, then H0 was rejected and H1 was accepted The results showed that: (1) there was a positive direct influence between headmaster leadership style to the performance of primary school teachers in the city of Kendari, (2) there was a direct positive influence between work motivation on the performance of primary school teachers in the city Kendari. The conclusion of this research are: (1) There is a positive direct influence on the performance of the leadership style of primary school teachers in Kendari; (2) There is a positive direct influence on the performance of work motivation of primary school teachers in Kendari; (3) There is a positive direct influence on the performance of the professional competence of primary school teachers in Kendari; (4) There is a positive direct influence on the performance of motivational leadership style work in Kendari; (5) There is a positive direct influence leadership style to the professional competence of teachers of primary schools in Kendari.
Desti Pujiati, Myrnawati Crie Handini, Moch. Asmawi
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 159-162; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1138

Abstract:
This study aimed to find out the optimizing of role-playing learning strategies and reinforcement of self-control through anti-corruption knowledge in children. It is expected that through role-play children can direct their aspirations and control themselves as a basis for reinforcement in anti-corruption knowledge. The method used in this research is the 2x2 design of the experimental method. Children can develop anti-corruption knowledge so that they can adjust it to the applicable rules or norms, build self-control positively, build habits to become individuals with honesty values and courage values, be simple, build justice and work hard in the community life where children live.
Gemachu Oli, Teklu Tafase Olkaba
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 8-20; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1679

Abstract:
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the practices and challenges of continuous assessment in colleges of teachers’ education in western Oromia region. For this study, the researchers selected three colleges of teachers education purposely based on the job experience. The researchers selected Nekemte, Dembi Dollo and Shambo colleges teachers education from well, medium, lower experienced respectively. A descriptive survey design involving both qualitative and quantitative approaches was employed. 134 student-teachers and 178 college teachers were selected and participated in the study. The quantitative data was collected through a questionnaire and observation checklist and analyzed using frequency and percentage, whereas, the qualitative data interview and document analysis were analyzed using the narrative form and interpretative way. The finding of the study revealed that the extent of practicing continuous assessment in class is low. The study also showed that teachers have positive perceptions toward continuous assessment and they accepted continuous assessment as important to improve the achievement of learners. The finding disclosed that large class size, shortage of time, teachers workload, the low interest of students, large instructional content, and lack of commitment among teachers as the major factors hindering the practice of continuous assessment in colleges of teachers education. The researchers recommend that educational authorities and stockholders should make effort to students per class to manageable numbers, College administrators should allow teachers to cover the minimum workload than overloading above the standard set for the college of teachers education.
Eusabinus Bunau
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 28-33; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1031

Abstract:
This article is excerpted from research entitled Comprehending Listening Skill through Quiz. The quiz was administered to students of the English Education Study Program as a semester final test of Listening for Academic Purposes subject. The method of research is quantitative and intended to find out whether or not literature, sport, history, and general knowledge on the quiz was a matter for students to comprehend. The quiz administered to test the students was taken from www.bbclearningenglish.com. The primary data of the research was collected by surveying, and the secondary data was the result of the semester's final test. The survey was implemented by distributing a questionnaire to 43 student respondents attending the test. The technique of data analysis is descriptive. The research found that literature, sport, history, and general knowledge on the quiz were matters to students to comprehend. The matters were varied in accordance with skills characteristics such as the spelling of vocabulary, and the writing of phrase, sentence, and number.
Imas Ismayati, Nani Ratnaningsih, Supratman Supratman
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 21-27; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1328

Abstract:
The aims of this study are to analyze and describe the metacognition of students who have high, moderate, and low Self-Regulated Learning (SLR) in solving Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) type problem. The research method that used was qualitative, research subjects were taken from students who can provide information about the results of their work to obtain complete data and stop when there was no information that can be extracted (saturated data), then obtained 6 people consisting of students who have high, medium, low SLR. The Data collection technique used was the think-aloud method. The data analysis technique used in this study was a model from Miles and Huberman. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that: the metacognition of students with high SLR used metacognition in the indicators to compose strategies and monitor actions to the maximum while at the evaluation stage they had not been able to mention other alternatives to solve the problem, the metacognition of students with medium SLR used metacognition to the maximum in the indicators of the stage of compiling strategies but at the monitoring actions they had not been able to interpret the results of the answers and at the stage of evaluation they had not been able to mention other alternatives to solve the problem, the metacognition of students with low SLR had not been able to use metacognition to the maximum. Teachers must pay attention to students' self-regulated learning and metacognition in solving HOTS problems.
Neni Hermita, Mahmud Alpusari, Jesi Alexander Alim, Elfis Suanto
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 59-66; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.959

Abstract:
This research aims to extract the story or take the essence from folklore the Lancang Kuning its scientific literacy value for thematic learning in primary school. Scientific literacy is an understanding of science and its application to the needs of the community. The method used is the descriptive qualitative analysis of interviews and documentation strategies and evaluation of data. Results from this research that obtain it some value in scientific literacy in the people story Lancang Kuning text that can then be applied in teaching in primary school using thematic learning. From these results, it can be concluded that since time immemorial been their aspects of scientific literacy are taught parents to their children either through folklore or of other matters related to culture.
Ahmad Jamalong
JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 5, pp 88-98; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1177

Abstract:
This research purpose to increase the competence of Teachers in Education of Citizenship in Junior High School at Pontianak City. The research to use development method Research & Development (R & D). The research subject of 24 teachers of Citizenship Education in Junior High School at Pontianak City which active in container Conference Teacher Subject Matter (CTSM). The approach to use in this research of Research & Development (R & D). Technique collection data was with observation form, questionnaire Likert scale, open questionnaire, interview compass, document analysis, Group Focus Discussion, documentary study, and test. This research purpose to describe: (1) Training model now to use by the teacher, (2) To design development model and device of the implementation training of Citizenship Education basis on multicultural through empowerment Conference Teacher Subject Matter, and (3) Final model of the implementation training of Citizenship Education through Empowerment Conference Teacher Subject Matter to increase competence pedagogical and professional of Teacher in Junior High School at Pontianak City. This results of the research concluded that: (1) Final model of training Citizenship Education bases on multicultural through the empowerment of Conference Teacher Subject Matter (CTSM) can be increase competence pedagogical and professional of teacher subject matter Citizenship Education, was increase competence Pedagogical was increasing ability development syllabus, the increased ability in The Planning of Implementation Learning (PIL), the formulation Basic Competence (BC), the increased ability of the implementation of Learning, and ability learning evaluation, (2) Final model of training Citizenship Education basis on multicultural through the empowerment of CTSM more effective to increase ability Pedagogical and competence professional of teacher Citizenship Education in Junior High School at Pontianak City.
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