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Results in Journal JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning): 273

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Aunurrahman Aunurrahman
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.26

Abstract:
Basically this study intended to find out essential basic values which support social harmony in conflict-prone areas, with a profound study at primary schools in Sambas regency, west Kalimantan. As revealed by a number of data sources, west Kalimantan is one of the areas which is prone to conflict. This is evidenced by the happening of several ethnic conflicts including in Sambas regency so that it is an important policy of the regional government to find a solution in order to prevent similar conflicts from happening again in the future.The profound study at primary schools is deemed highly essential since social harmony values should be instilled among the students at an early age. In addition to that, teachers are knowledgeable about the foundation which creates an attitute of harmony among their students.The method used in this research is a qualitative one, with primary school teachers as the subject of the research. They represent three characteristic areas, namely: the urban area, the suburban area and the remote area of Sambas regency. Primary data collection was carried out through interview and focus group discussion (FGD), with the interactive model proposed by Miles & Huberman as technique of qualitative data analysis. The findings obtained from data collection and analysis revealed that social harmony has an important and profound meaning for society in Sambas regency. Basically there are three pillars of essential basic values which serve as the framework of social harmony, namely: (a) the basic values of mutual respect, (b) the basic values of tolerance and togetherness, and (c) the basic values of freedom and responsibility. Internalization of these basic values happen intensively especially in families through custom formation at households and society in Sambas regency. Meanwhile at schools these basic values are developed and reinforced through more formal custom formation by the teachers and school regulations.
R. Panca Pertiwi Hidayati
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 61-66; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.137

Abstract:
Students’ ability in writing anessay, as one of language skills which can improve the creativity in language, is a serious problem that should be investigated by a deep research. Besides for showing that language as a thinking tool, writing competence can be seen as a product if we take a look from critical thinking ability measurement aspect and also as a process if we take a look at the individual development itself aspect. One of indicator for measuring the students’ critical is by the ability in delivering their argumentation style which is showed in their essay. The goal of this research is obtaining the objective discourse analysis model critical thinking map oriented in improving students’ argumentation style skills in writing anessay, hence can be used as a modelling for the growing of students’ creativity in a variety of writing skills. Based on paired-samples t test, the pre-test/post-test paired-sample is significant, because the significance (2-tailed) is less than 0.05 in the standard of 95%. This is mean, there is a real difference between the ability before and after getting the treatment. The sample’s ability after getting the treatment is better than before. As well as if be compared with control class, experiment class shows the significant superiority for all aspects of essay writing assessment.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.25

Abstract:
This is a descriptive qualitatif research about quality assurance evaluation. the research aims to introduce analyzing using Rasch model to evaluate higher education institution based on quality assurance standars that have been developed to evaluate each member including instructor and staff in higher education institution. The instrument have been developed to conduct the experiment to provide raw data sample to doing practical analyzing using Rasch model in this research. The first part of this research will explain definition of the quality assurance and Rasch model analysis. The second part of this research will show introduction analysis using Rasch model to analysis sample data. The third part of this research will show a brief summary of the result and important finding in evaluation of higher assurance. Analyzing data of evaluation quality assurance using Rasch model will help higher educational institutions to increase and develop their quality assurance to be better higher educational institution.
Titin Nurhayatin
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.139

Abstract:
Research on the implementation of aesthetic model of receptive aesthetic approach in learning to read the literature on the background of the low quality of results and learning process of Indonesian language, especially the study of literature. Students as prospective teachers of Indonesian language are expected to have the ability to speak, have literature, and their learning in a balanced manner in accordance with the curriculum demands. This study examines the effectiveness, quality, acceptability, and sustainability of the aesthetic approach of receptions in improving students' literary skills. Based on these problems, this study is expected to produce a learning model that contributes high in improving the quality of results and the process of learning literature. This research was conducted on the students of Language Education Program, Indonesian Literature and Regional FKIP Pasundan University. The research method used is experiment with randomized type pretest-posttest control group design. Based on preliminary and final test data obtained in the experimental class the average preliminary test was 55.86 and the average final test was 76.75. From the preliminary test data in the control class the average score was 55.07 and the average final test was 68.76. These data suggest that there is a greater increase in grades in the experimental class using the aesthetic approach of the reception compared with the increase in values in the control class using a conventional approach. The results show that the aesthetic approach of receptions is more effective than the conventional approach in literary reading. Based on observations, acceptance, and views of sustainability, the aesthetic approach of receptions in literary learning is expected to be an alternative and solution in overcoming the problems of literary learning and improving the quality of Indonesian learning outcomes and learning process.
Yusnidar Yusuf
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.138

Abstract:
This research was aimed to create attractive learning atmosphere which can make students excited inside theclass.Education was a right for every nation. It had to be given to improving a nation. Chemistry subject, especially in hydrocarbon chapter, was less-favorable by most students due to its difficulty level. Learning outcomes score were low. Many research showed that various method, strategy or another approach in teaching chemistry subject had significantlyimproved towards learning theoutcome of students. One of the approaches was by virtual animation as part of ICT. Based on data result analysis from this research, there was 0,000 < α = 0.05 significance. As result, H0 was rejected. Itmeans that there was significant improve learning outcome using multimedia animation. The role of ICT as learning model should be utilised for granted by teachers to enriched chemistry science in school’s scope.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.44

Abstract:
The aim of the research is to develop teaching materials of Indonesian education in beginning class of elementary school course based integrated science and social studies based Scientific Approach to optimize students competence in Elementary School Teacher Education Department. The specific objective of the first study to explain the validity of teaching materials of Indonesian education in beginning class of elementary school course based integrated science and social studies based Scientific Approach to optimize students competence in Elementary School Teacher Education Department. This study consists of two main steps: Firstly, to design teaching materials refers to the 4-D model of development; Secondly, to explain validity the teaching materials. Data collection techniques is questionaire. The research instrument consisted of Questionaire respon. Data from this study were analyzed by descriptive statistics, such as score of quesionaire Response students and lecturer. The results showed that the teaching materials of Indonesian education in beginning class of elementary school course based integrated science and social studies based Scientific Approach to optimize students competence in Elementary School Teacher Education Department was valid.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.47

Abstract:
Use good media mass media as well as electronic media increases over time, especially with the presence of new media that is able to collect, process, and exchange information quickly. Research literacy competency media beorientasi life skills aims to describe the media literacy competency-oriented life skills which belonged to the high school teacher in the city of Bandung. Research methods using a descriptive qualitative approach method. The expected results are: (1) the discovery of the level and type of media literacy and competency (2) discovery of quality, factor endowments, and restricting the media literacy competency-oriented life skills teachers HIGH SCHOOL in Bandung. The results of the analysis of the data shows that the competence-based media literacy-oriented life skills teacher HIGH SCHOOL city of Bandung were still on secondary media literacy.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.37

Abstract:
This research is aimed at improving the lecturers of Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Pakuan University paedagogic competence through the implementation of lesson study which covers learning management competence including developing chapter design and lesson design, media making, teaching and learning, evaluation, post evaluation follow-up and learning supervision. This research involves four study program. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive. The data are collected through documentation, observation, interview and questionnaire. The data are analyzed descriptively to investigate the improvement of the lecturers’ paedagogic competence in teaching through the implementation of lesson study. Lesson study has been implemented for two years in Indonesian and Literature Education Study Program, English Education Study Program, Biology Education Study Program, and Primary Education Study Program. The findings show that there is an improvement of the lecturers paedagogic competence in developing chapter design and lesson design, developing material and designing media for learning (plan stage); running the lesson (do stage); and observing the lesson as well as evaluating and reflecting it (see stage). Besides, it is found the lecturers develop learning innovation to create students’ active learning. The colleagality among the lecturers is also develop well through the implementation of lesson study. The questionnaire result also shows that the implementation of lesson study can make the student become autonomous learners.
Agus Wahidi
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 159-163; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.136

Abstract:
This research is experimental, using first class learning a quantum model of learning with concept maps media and the second media using real environments by power point presentation. The population is all class XI Science, number 2 grade. The sampling technique is done by purposive random sampling. Data collection techniques to test for cognitive performance and memory capabilities, with a questionnaire for creativity. Hypothesis testing using three-way ANOVA different cells with the help of software Minitab 15.Based on the results of data processing, concluded: (1) there is no influence of the quantum model of learning with media learning concept maps and real environments for learning achievement chemistry, (2) there is a high impact memory ability and low on student achievement, (3) there is no the effect of high and low creativity in student performance, (4) there is no interaction learning model quantum media learning concept maps and real environments with memory ability on student achievement, (5) there is no interaction learning model quantum media learning concept maps and real environments with creativity of student achievement, (6) there is no interaction memory skills and creativity of student achievement, (7) there is no interaction learning model quantum media learning concept maps and real environments, memory skills, and creativity on student achievement.
, Febrianto Sabirin,
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.43

Abstract:
This research aims to determine: (1) Information about the information of self-efficacy, prior knowledge, and skills of students in the subject of Advanced Computer Network course in Information and computer technology education IKIP PGRI Pontianak, (2) The effect of self efficacy on the skills of students in the subject of Advanced Computer Network course in Information and computer technology education IKIP PGRI Pontianak, (3) Effect prior knowledge of the skills of students in the subject of Advanced Computer Network course in Information and computer technology education IKIP PGRI Pontianak, and (4) The effect of self-efficacy and prior knowledge of the skills of students in the subject of Advanced Computer Network course in Information and computer technology education IKIP PGRI Pontianak. This research is an ex-post facto research with correlation design. The independent variable in this research were self efficacy (X 1) and prior knowledge (X 2). While the dependent variable in this research is the students' skills (Y). The sample in this research were 108 students of Information and computer technology education IKIP PGRI Pontianak. The analysis technique used is simple regression analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Results of the research: (1) The level of prior knowledge of students of 79 146 at intervals of 50.70 - 99.99, the level of self-efficacy of students at 56.45 with intervals of 48-65, and the skill level of students at 72.38 with intervals of 51.50 - 81.50. (2) there are significant positive and significant correlation between self efficacy against students' skills by 9.2%. (3) there is a positive and significant influence between the prior knowledge the students' skills of 10.7%. (4) there are significant positive and significant correlation between self-efficacy and prior knowledge the students' skills of 17.4%.
R. Panca Pertiwi Hidayati, Siti Nurjanah
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.135

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the lack of ability of students in writing short stories. This research apply project based learning model with windows movie maker media. The formulation of the problem is "Whether the application of project based learning model with windows movie maker media can improve the ability to write short stories of students." In accordance with the formulation of the problem, the hypothesis of this research is the application of project based learning model with windows movie maker media can improve writing skills Short stories of students greater than or equal to 75. This study is based on the Kemmis and Taggart self-reflection model that lasts for 2 cycles. Based on the observer's observation, teacher activity in learning has increased at every meeting and cycle, starting from cycle I teachers get the average value of 82,5. In the second cycle get an average value of 97.5. Similarly, student activity on cycles 1 obtained an average of 75, and in the last 2 cycles the average score was 95. The results of the questionnaire generally showed that students responded positively to the short story writing model using project based learning and media windows movie maker . Implementation of Project Based Learning model with Windows Movie Maker Media can improve students' writing skill. It is shown by the average value of pretes of 42.4 increased in cycle I with an average of 78, then increased again in cycle II with an average of 85.4. Hypothesis test results in this study obtained t count equal to 6.992. Meanwhile, with the degree of freedom 19 at the level of significance 0.05 (5%) obtained t table value of 1.729. So t count> t table is 6.992> 1.729 so H0.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.46

Abstract:
Language as a communication tool has an important role in human interaction. Language can be used to convey ideas, ideas, feelings, desires, and so forth to others. To be able to communicate well certainly should be able to adjust the language used. One of the main functions of communication is to maintain the continuity of the relationship between the narrator and hearer. Language is an important pillar in the formation of character, in addition to religious education and moral education. In education, teachers must have pedagogical, professional, personal, and social. Teachers who have a good competence speech acts certainly have a good and well mannered to students. In the learning process, teachers and students communicate in give and receive course materials. The learning process is certainly not only provides knowledge alone, but give the values of character to students. In this case, the teacher must have a principle that must be controlled properly, correctly and precisely. Thus, teachers are expected to master the communication and understanding the principles of politeness in speaking well and correctly. The goal is a description of a form of politeness in the learning process. This research is a descriptive study which seeks to describe a form of politeness in the learning process. Data collection method used is the method refer to the data collection techniques are 1) recording technique using a tape recorder, and 2) technical note on the data card. Furthermore, methods of data analysis using pragmatic frontier.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.39

Abstract:
Practicum is a process to gain meaningful knowledge through hands on and minds on activity, thusplan is needed in practicum to connect the conceptual side and methodological side. Vee diagram-based Biology practicum learning was arranged to lower cognitive load of student in designing experiment so the practicum activity become meaningful because the students can see the interesting side in both conceptual side and methodological side. The design that being used in this study was educational study and development. Based on the result of this study, it can be informed that there is lowering of student cognitive load, both in extraneous load and germane load, in designing experiment based on vee diagram
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.33

Abstract:
Bengkayang is one of the districts the outermost in Indonesia. The district has limitations and underdevelopment in various fields, one of which is in the field of education. Writing this article aims to show that blended learning based on local wisdom is very helpful coaching Holy Trinity Community (HTC) in the district Bengkayang. It has been proven from previous studies, suggesting that coaching HTC with blended learning to be more flexible, effective and efficient . Blended learning has been applied HTC with a combination of conventional learning and e-learning in most areas in Indonesia. With the blended learning, the process of spiritual guidance becomes more flexible, effective and efficient so as to improve student in district Bengkayang.
Dewi Mariana
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1, pp 41-44; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.34

Abstract:
Placement and distribution Service aimed at helping put and passing students in accordance with the potential, interests, and talents. Placement and distribution services, namely continuous process to facilitate learners achieve success the process and results of the study as well as optimal development in order to achieve the goals of national education. Guidance and counselling Services in the form of peminatan provide ample opportunity for learners to channel and put yourself on the path to a more appropriate in the framework of the completion of the studies are focused, successful, educated and clear in next. The purpose of the service placement and channelling instill interest subjects, confirming the interest of subjects, as well as select and establish an interest group of subjects, the cross-subjects and study subjects who followed in the education unit, which was being pursued, career choice and/or advanced course options up to the College
, Dewi Sulistiyarini,
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.42

Abstract:
This research aims to determine: (1) the effect of motivation on students’ psychomotor ability; (2) the effect of creativity on students’ psychomotor ability; (3) the effect of motivation and creativity as in aggregate on students’ psychomotor ability; and (4) the contribution of motivation and creativity on students’ psychomotor ability in the subject of Web Programming. This research is an ex-post facto type. The population was sixth semester students of TIK Education Research Program of PGRI Pontianak totaling 217 students. The sample was 135 students with proportional random sampling techniques that determined by the Issac and Michael table. Data collection using a questionnaire. The data was analyzed using regression analysis to test the hypotheses. The results showed that: (1) motivation has a positive and significant effect on students’ psychomotor Ability; (2) creativity has a positive and significant effect on students’ psychomotor Ability; (3) motivation and creativity as in aggregate had a positive and significant effect on students’ psychomotor Ability with 68.88%; and (4) the contribution of motivation is 12.5% and creativity is 32.5% on students’ psychomotor Ability in the subject of Web Programming.
Dadang Iskandar, ,
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1, pp 45-50; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.35

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the lack of critical thinking skills of fourth grade students of SDN Tanjung III, Subang district. On the basis of the need for repairs done either by applying the model of SAVI (Somatic, Auditory, Visualization, Intellectual). So the purpose of this study was to determine the increase critical thinking skills of students in Social Science before and after applying the model SAVI, the performance of teachers in applying the model SAVI, activities and students' response to the model SAVI. The method used in this research is the CAR (Classroom Action Research). Subject of research that fourth grade students of SDN Tanjung III by the number of students as many as 23 people. The instrument used was LKS (Student Worksheet), observation sheet of students and teachers as well as student questionnaire responses. From these results, it can be concluded that by applying the model in study SAVI social science with social problems in the local environment can enhance students' critical thinking skills. The result can be seen from the percentage of the overall level of mastery learning increased from 52.2% in the first cycle, 78.3% in the second cycle and 100% in the third cycle. The average grade class of students increased from 44.3 prasiklus of data with less criteria, up to the third cycle, which reached 91.3 with the criteria very well. With the improvement of students' critical thinking skills that are calculated based on the n-gain of 0.53 with the criteria of being in the first cycle, and 0.65 with the criteria of being on the second cycle, and 0.81 with the high criteria of the third cycle. The results of observations also showed that the ability of teachers and students' activity in applying the model of SAVI increased. Based on questionnaire responses, 100% of students showed interest in learning social science model with SAVI. Therefore, it is suggested that teachers use models SAVI to enhance the critical thinking skills of students so that students used to learn to analyze problems well.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.38

Abstract:
This research aimed to know the effect of text transformation in educational physics especially Impuls and momentum to reduce students’ misconception. This study was held at state senior high school (SMAN) 2 in Pontianak, West Borneo. The instrument in this study has made with diagnostic test using certainly of responden index method. The research design in this study using one group pretest-posttest design. Population in this research is all students of science major in state senior high school 2 in Pontianak. This study have found that implementation of text transformation giving effect significantly to reduce students’ misconception according Wilcoxon test (Z = -3,418, p = 0.01). However, this research is not finding corelation which is significantly between skill to make a note using text transformation and reduction of students’ misconception ( = 0.119, p = 0.490). The value of effect size in this research is 1.65.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.45

Abstract:
This research aims to reveal the development of Augmented Reality-based learning media to increase motivation to learn computer assembly materials. This research is an research and development type. The population was ninth students of SMP Harapan Ananda Kubu Raya totaling 112 students. The sample was 68 students with proportional random sampling technique. Data Collection using a questionnaire. To test the hypothesis, one-tailed t-test was used. Data analysis was performed descriptively. The results showed that one-tailed t-test data is posttest questionnaire motivation experimental class and control sig 0.000 <α 0.05, so it can be concluded that the motivation to learn the experimental group was higher than the control group.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i2.40

Abstract:
The character education is built from the values of local wisdom that diverse. The value of local wisdom contains noble values of the ancestor of nation that can be used as capital to establish a nation with good and strong character. The role of local wisdom can be used to develop a character education. This study have reviewed same jurnal literature and article about development of character education based on local wisdom. The first part in the study will introduce the meaning of charater, character education, and local wisdom. The second part will discuss relation of character education and local wisdom, social culture on indigenous peoples Tengahan Sendangagung, the values of the local wisdom on indigenous peoples Tengahan Sendangagung, and the wisdom of the local indigenous people to develop a character education. Finally, the last part of this paper will explain some values of the local wisdom to develop character education.
Ahmad Yani T, Cristina Lanteri
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.155

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain objective information about increasing in writing skill about definitions and theorems in symbolic form students through RT models in the sets, all kind of relations and functions in set and logic courses. In addition, this study develop the ability of understanding of definitions and theorems, because the ability of students to write definitions and theorems in symbolic form will foster the ability of understanding of the definitions and theorems.The sample of this study are the first semester students in class A2 who follow sets and logic course in mathematics education program of PMIPA FKIP Untan 2016-2017. Implementation focus on subject, sets and all kind of relations and functions.The data collection conducted in providing achievement test after being given treatment. Form of test is Essai with 15 questions which consist of 4 questions from subject set, 8 questions from kind of relations and 3 questions from functions.The results showed if the Reciprocal Teaching Model is one of model that could improve the writing skill about definitions and theorems through symbolic form in the subject matter ; Sets, kind of relations, functions in Sets and Logic courses.
Rachmat Sahputra
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.36

Abstract:
Learning in the understanding of acid-base chemistry in schools needs to be improved so research to determine differences in learning outcomes between students taught using environmental approaches and methods lectures in class XI SMA on acid-base subject needs to be done. In this study, using a quasi-experimental method using a data collection tool achievement test essay form. The test statistic results of the post-test learning has been obtained Asymp value. Sig (2-tailed) 0,026 that showed the differences between students' learning outcomes with a control experimental class with effect size of 0.63 or much influence difference with the percentage 23.57% which indicated that the learning environment approach can improve learning outcomes of high school students.
Nurhayati Nurhayati
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.28

Abstract:
This study aimed to describe the effectiveness of collaborative learning using open-ended approach and open-ended approach in terms of problem solving skillss students. This study is a quasi-experimental research with the entire population of ten graduate science students of SMA Negeri 2 Ngaglik, Sleman, Yogyakarta which consists of four classes. The research samples were randomly selected from the four existing classes, in order to obtain class X MIPA 3 to be given collaborative learning model using open-ended approach and class X MIPA 1 to be given open-ended approach. Data analysis technique consists of one sample t-test used to investigate the effectiveness of collaborative learning model using open-ended approach and open-ended approach. The results show that collaborative learning model using open-ended approach is effective in terms of student’s problem solving skillss of SMA Negeri 2 Ngaglik, Sleman, Yogyakarta. But, open-ended approach isn’t effective in terms of student’s problem solving skillss of SMA Negeri 2 Ngaglik, Sleman, Yogyakarta.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.29

Abstract:
New curriculum has been implemented by Indonesia government in an effort to improve quality of education in 2013. Curriculum 2013 is implemented only in grade I, IV, VII and Class X against 6,325 target schools. In 2014/2015 academic year Curriculum 2013 is applied to the class I, II, IV, IV, VII, VIII, IX and X in all schools in Indonesia. This study conducted in Sumenep district Madura Island as supported study to monitoring and evaluation of Curriculum in 2013 on assessment system in East Java province. The research method used is descriptive qualitative by using observation, interviews and questionnaires techniques. The results showed optimism and expectations from respondents consist of teachers, headmasters and students in curriculum 2013’s assessment system. The findings are expected to support decision-making by stakeholders and improve the implementation of Curriculum 2013.
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.30

Abstract:
This research will review about nationalism in university. The first part of this research will introduce the meaning of nationalism and relation with civic education in university. Nationalism is defined as a love of their country and most citizens feel a sense of nationalism. Civic education in the university is required to strengthen the students in shaping the attitude of nationalism. Students are spearheading the future of a country that they have to love their country because the science which is accepted must be applied in their social life. The main mission of civic education is to help students establish the values of their personality, in order to be able to realize the basic values of Pancasila consistently, also their sense of nationalism in developing science, technology and art with morality. The obstacle of applying nationalism in Civic Education is because of too theoretical and not oriented to the practice of students in community. Inculcation of nationalism should not use indoctrination.We need a civic education in students moral fortify until finally embedded as strong nationalism. This paper using library research. Secondary data was collected by identifying the relevan papers, books, and journal. The data was interpretated and analyzed descriptively. The second part: this research will give solution about method to inculcation of nationalism toward higher educational education. The final part : will give conclusion the best method to inculcation of nationalism in higer educational education and give suggestion to further research about inculcation of nationalism.
Dayat Dayat
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.149

Abstract:
This study was aimed to analyze students’ errors and the causes during speaking performance by twenty-nine fourth semester English students of in IKIP PGRI Pontianak who had low speaking performance. In collecting the data, video recordings were used to find errors and frequencies, while, focus group interview investigating factors of speaking errors. The data were analyzedby identifying the errors, grouping and tabulating into category codes. To analyze the interview, 1) listening to talking data, 2) shaping talking data, 3) communicating talking data with an interpretative intent, 4) reproducing or (re)constructing data, and building data credibility. The findings showed speaking errors with five categories: 28% of incorrect omissions, 26% of unnecessary words, 24% of misused forms, 19% of confused forms, and 3% of misplaced forms. Furthermore, other findings mostly included the causes of errors that influenced them in speaking were interlingual transfer, intralingual transfer, learning context, and communication strategies.
Achmad Fathoni Rodli
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.153

Abstract:
This article presents the results of the analysis on the development of knowledge sharing processes and absorbs knowledge sharing activity, it is to increase the ability of the head of Departement at the University of Maarif Hasyim Latif and in innovating and in managing the Departement. The role of Information Technology in accommodating the knowledge sharing process is the development of the activities of managing and absorbing science courses to improve performance and provide added value and a competitive advantage in improving the quality performance of the head of Departement. Design research is to find out how the problems that arise in the process of knowledge sharing and absorbing. Data collected by the identification of issues related to knowledge management based on Information Technology at the University of Maarif Hasyim Latif through observation, interviews, and documentation. Results of this study were to prove that iCloud system model developed at the University of Maarif has been contributing to 1) the implementation of the knowledge sharing process of the development activity of sharing and absorbing knowledge at the University Maarif Hasyim Latif to improve the innovation of ability. 2) Information technology has a major role in supporting the process of knowledge sharing on the development and absorbs knowledge sharing activities.
Tomo Djudin
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 124-129; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.151

Abstract:
This article describes briefly the theories of metacognition and the impacts of metacognitive skills on learning. The differences between cognitive strategy and metacognitive strategy were mentioned. Some strategies to improve students’ meta cognition skills in the classroom explored as well. Based on the theories, two models of metacognitive strategies instruction for deeply understanding in reading textbook and for finding a solution of words physics problem solving were developed. These models will enable students to be independent and strategic learners.
Tatik Sutarti
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.152

Abstract:
The objective of the research is improving students’ reading interest on educational references through classical guidance and counseling experiential learning model. The research was carried out at STKIP Pacitan on the second semester in 2016/2017 academic year. The subject of the research was 20 fourth semester students of STKIP Pacitan. The method of the research was Classroom Action Research (CAR). The data was collected through 3 (three) stages namely: data reduction, data presentation, and data conclusion or verification. The research resulted that the use of classical guidance and counseling experiential learning model gave opportunity for students to deliver their ideas related with the problems in reading interest, and then, being solved together through critical thinking.
Titin Setiartin, Jojo Nuryanto, Ipah Muzdalipah
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.143

Abstract:
This study focused on the development of learning models to read appreciatively through folktale text transformation. This study was conducted as an effort to improve the reading skills appreciatively of 12th-grade students in vocational schools. This study was a mixed method research with the subsequential design. Data were analysed by qualitative and quantitative techniques with a matching pattern of test-pretest post-test. The results showing the difference values between Randomized Pretest and Posttest significantly. Based on this differences, can be inferred that the developed learning model of narrative text transformation was capable of substantially improving skills of reading appreciatively of 12th-grade students in vocational schools. Thus, learning models to read appreciatively through folktale text transformation was effective and fit to be used in improving skills of reading appreciatively
Suswandari Suswandari
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 93-100; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.142

Abstract:
This is a literature review about local history of Jakarta and multicultural attitude. In the context of local history of Jakarta, ethnic Betawi as ethnic origin Jakarta is formed from the process of inter-ethnic assimilation imported by the Dutch colonial government in its political and economic interests. In its development, the Betawi ethnic group continued to strengthen and succeeded in establishing their own distinctive identity as well as disturbing with other ethnic groups in Indonesia, although in their present development their existence is decreasing due to development interest which is not able to open wide room for Betawi ethnicity itself because various causes. The Betawi ethnic group has a strong identity concerning Betawi cultural heritage such as strong religious soul, respect for diversity, friendly, homoris, helpful, open, tolerant to differences and so on. As a part of Jakarta's local history, ethnic Betawi history can be explored as a source of inspiration and a source of awareness in instilling multicultural souls in Jakarta, as a metropolitan city with increasingly diverse ethnicity towards social life within the framework of peace and harmony.
Syarifah Fadillah, Wahyudi Wahyudi,
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.150

Abstract:
The problem in this research is to know how the process of developing mathematics physics instructional book based on inquiry approach and its supporting documents to improve students' mathematical problem-solving ability. The purpose of this research is to provide mathematical physics instruction based on inquiry approach and its supporting documents (semester learning activity plan, lesson plan and mathematical problem-solving test) to improve students' mathematical problem-solving ability. The development of textbook refers to the ADDIE model, including analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The validation result from the expert team shows that the textbook and its supporting documents are valid. The test results of the mathematical problem-solving skills show that all test questions are valid and reliable. The result of the incorporation of the textbook in teaching and learning process revealed that students' mathematical problem-solving ability using mathematical physics instruction based on inquiry approach book was better than the students who use the regular book.
Admin Admin
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.154

Syahfitri Purnama
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.140

Abstract:
Writing is the most difficult skill for second language learners. It can be seen, for example, they always make ageneralization, simplification, less of knowing vocabularies, punctuation, spelling, and grammar. This paper will describe improving the students’ writing competence in second language acquisition through the implementation of lesson study in faculty of language education of Indraprasta PGRI University of Jakarta. This research uses qualitative approach and the data taken from the students who are studying writing in the class. In applying lesson study, lecturer model explains about the materials based on the syllabus of the subject. The students are also given tasks in their groups. The observers watch and write about the students and assist them. After doing this, the observers discuss about the class with the lecturer model. By doing the implementation of Lesson Study, the students can work in group together, the class is so inspiring, they feel satisfied with the explanation of the lecturer model and havegood impact to improve the students’ writing competence.
Hamid Darmadi
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 101-105; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.145

Abstract:
This article titled "Dayak and Daily Life" This paper aims to reveal the Dayak and in their daily life. Dayak is a native of Borneo has its own characteristics. Dayak, divided into 405 sub-sub clans [1]. Each sub Dayak both Indonesia and Malaysia are identical. Dayak customs and culture comes from the word "Power" which means upstream, to refer to people who live in inland areas or in the interior of Borneo. In the arsenal of art and culture, Dayak has many similarities such as; saber, chopsticks, beliong, betang, cupai, renjung, empajang and others. Dayak indigenous religion is Kaharingan which is the original religion born of the cultural ancestors of the Dayaks. Most of the Dayak people still adhere to the belief of the existence of unseen objects in certain places such as rocks, large trees, planting gardens in the forest, lakes, pools, and others are believed to have "magical powers". Daily life of the Dayaks in general farming, farming. When will open farming land, farming they held ritual.
Hamid Darmadi
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.148

Abstract:
The results showed: (1) learning model IPS-oriented environment can grow and not you love the cultural values of the area as a basis for the development of national culture, (2) community participation, and the role of government in implementing learning model of IPS-based environment provides a positive impact for the improvement of management school resources, (3) learning model IPS-based environment effectively creating a way of life together peacefully, increase the intensity of togetherness and mutual respect (4) learning model IPS-based environment can improve student learning outcomes, (5) there are differences in the expression of attitudes and results learning among students who are located in the area of conflict with students who are outside the area of conflict (6) analysis of the scale of attitudes among school students da SMA result rewards high school students to the values of unity and nation, respect for diversity and peaceful coexistence, It is recommended that the Department of Education authority as an institution of Trustees and the development of social and cultural values in the province can apply IPS learning model based environments.
Tahmid Sabri
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 138-142; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.147

Abstract:
A practical way internalize value on elementary school children is very strategic, this study aims to provide the best solution. The method used descriptive through class actions done by the students in a way peer teaching. The findings showed that the Internalization of learning design can practically be done well. Application of learning can be applied Effectively, seen from the way of practicality Internalization in learning and provide a significant positive impact on personality value on individual students toward the creation of Piety, noble, intelligent, skilled, creative, discipline, independence, responsibility and democratic, this achievement can not be separated from the various constraints experienced by teachers, but can be Overcome, so that the meaningfulness of students in learning remains created. This study is expected to be the authorized capital on the development of thematic learning in primary school.
Joko Suyono, Sri Wiwoho Mudjanarko
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 86-92; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.141

Abstract:
Among many existing motivational theories, perhaps Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theories are widely known. This theory passes a message to us that once a person passes a certain level of need, he is no longer motivated by the level of motivation below. This provides an understanding that a manager or leader or motivator in the organization should know what is needed by subordinates. The need of a daily production worker with staff of managerial staff is different. To provide motivation that can improve performance to both, a motivator must provide different treatment according to their needs.
Hairida Hairida
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 143-148; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.146

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of learning using SETS and local wisdom based colloids teaching material on 10th-gradesenior high school students. Pretest-posttest control group design was used as the study method. Two classes have participated. XA class was chosen as experiment group which was taught using SETS and local wisdom based colloids teaching material, while on the other hand XB class was chosen as the control group which was taught using conventional colloids teaching material. The study showed that there were significant differences between two treatments given. Entrepreneurial passion and concept understanding of experiment group were better than the control group. Overall, students’ entrepreneurial passion was good. Therefore, learning using SETS and local wisdom based colloids teaching material was effective to improve entrepreneurial passion and concept understanding of students
Kristianus Kristianus
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2, pp 149-152; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.144

Abstract:
This study background is from the history of West Kalimantan as an area that has the potential for violent conflict in the name of ethnicity. This potential is supported by the shift of the demographic map, from homogeneous to heterogeneous society. Segregation population continues to occur when the autonomous regions were accompanied by a local election. At the beginning of this year, for example, we were struck increased intolerance. The potential of violent conflict continues to arise in every operation of the democratic party at the local level. To determine the potential of multi-cultural knowledge in students, the authors conducted research on the two schools with different types of contrast. The research was carried out for two months with ethnographic methods. The author conducted in-depth interviews as well in addition to observation and review of the literature. These results indicate that teens from both schools studied generally have a multicultural knowledge is still relatively low, but they want to learn the culture of the ethnic other. Multicultural education in adolescents (students) is influenced by two factors: internal factors (instrumental) and external factors (environmental). The instrumental factors, among others: the teens themselves, teachers, family, and peers, whereas environmental factors, among others, media, and government (policy). Another important finding is that regional autonomy could be access for schools in encouraging alternative education models as a result of their creative efforts into spaces of democracy and pluralism in schools. Relations between the school through the activities of the organization-Students' Union (OSIS) can be a bridge multicultural adolescent relationships in these two schools. The author realizes there are still many shortcomings of this study, for that kind of research still needs to be done
Admin Admin
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v2i1.134

Hisban Thaha, Edhy Rustan, Subhan Subhan
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 95-101; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2354

Abstract:
This research aims to create a learning model of memorization of the Qur'an based on the nature of the brain that tends to require relevance between the projection of information that occurred internally in the brain (internal representation) and externally presented information outside the brain (external representation). Integration of the two modes of representation was carried out through a developmental study by adopting Research and Development (R & D) from Borg and Gall as a reference for the development of conceptual frameworks and memory models of Y Wang as a reference framework of the development of operational stages. From the model development process, several components of the model implementation have successfully been developed. The model implementation was operationally integrated with internal and external representation modes such as Phase I: the formulation of indicators, Phase II diagnostic assessment dealing with prior al-Qur’an memorizing ability, Phase III Conditioning students, Phase IV Coding memorizing materials, and Phase V repetition and recalling memorizing outcomes.
Aloysius Mering
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 70-74; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i1.2272

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal information about the implementation , to overcome obstacles , and the effectiveness of online learning at Senior High Schools (SMA / SMK) in West Kalimantan during Physical Distancing Covid-19 Year 202 0 . I nformation obtained s urvei purposively in nine SMA / SMK (including six elementary schools and four secondary school) in K abupaten Bengkayang, Ketapang, Hedgehog, Melawi, and Sintang West Kalimantan. Respondent teachers were 137 people.The questions that were given to respondents in detail were about the effectiveness of online learning, the media , the resources used, the obstacles faced, and the efforts to overcome these obstacles. The results of descriptive analysis of the teacher's response revealed that the "vast majority" of school (elementary, middle, high school / vocational school) has been carrying out learning online " by effectively" . Teachers plan lessons to combine online and conventional models. Also the facilities used by the teacher generally use cellphones , with the main resources being e-books, journals, videos, and question and answer materials . Learning takes advantage of the application " learning house " , " google for education " , and " own class " . The constraints general are facing is the limited "internet access" and " teacher-student-parent " who has not adaptive learning systems online. To improve e fekti v itas learning teachers make learning fun, attention to needs-style-and the student experience, as well as the evaluation of the continuous. Based on these findings, it is hoped that the government, schools, teachers, students, and parents will prioritize the provision of online learning facilities to be more successful.
Jamiludin Jamiludin, Darnawati Darnawati, Sukadi Linta, Anugrah Puspita Ayu Muhammad, Waode Ade Sarasmita Uke
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 181-185; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2626

Abstract:
This research aimed at knowing the students' perception of Microsoft Office 365 on learning history. This research used a quantitative descriptive design. It was conducted at SMAN 4 Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi. The sample of this study was students in XI-1 grade. The students were 46. Research instruments used questionnaires and interviews. The result showed that the students had a positive response toward the use of Microsoft Office 365. Besides, 87% of students agree that they can understand History Subject during online learning. The most frequently used features were Teams (95.7%), SharePoint (2.2%), and Forms (2.2%). THowever, the obstacle of using this application is if students do not have facilities such as a good internet network, and laptops.
Puja Murdianto, Aunurrahman Aunurrahman, Indri Astuti
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 154-162; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2619

Abstract:
The main objective of this research is to develop learning e-modules in teaching English in the classroom as well as to produce and disseminate learning media. This e-module can be used on smartphones and this e-module uses a constructivist approach. The steps of the research model are defined, designed, developed, and disseminated/implemented. Participants in this study were teachers and students of MAN 3 Pontianak. The data collection technique in this study refers to the interview list guidelines, namely the questionnaire. Data collection tools are learning outcomes and questionnaire sheets. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach for data analysis. The results showed that the design of the electronic module learning development in this study consisted of an analysis of curriculum and learning materials, an analysis of the characteristics of students and an analysis of student learning outcomes. The steps for developing an electronic module are by submitting a lot of learning materials and then being reviewed by experts according to their backgrounds as media experts and learning materials experts. The results of the expert review showed that the average score of the electronic module was 3.77 (range 1 - 4) and also the test given to students before applying it. The response of students after using the e-module showed 83.2% which means a positive response. This e-module can be applied to students because it has criteria such as self-instruction, stand alone, adaptive and user friendly. The learning outcomes of this research are that students are more active and construct themselves in learning descriptive texts in English class. The Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM) in this study is 75 and the average is 79.04, which means that the use of e-modules in teaching descriptive texts is effective and can increase their scores.
Agista Nidya Wardani, Adityo Adityo
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 198-203; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2380

Abstract:
Regarding the literature subjects provided by the English Language Education Department, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, some students conduct researches on literature in their thesis. They find difficulties in doing the research as lacking of experience in discussing the thing and lacking vocabulary in describing terminologies. This research was designed to help the students whose major is English Education to maintain their study, especially on teaching English literature by finding out the terminologies in teaching literature books in terms of their frequency, example of their use, and meaning (in context). The objects of this research are Teaching and Learning English Literature by Ellie Chambers and Marshall Gregory, and Teaching Holocaust Literature and Film by Robert Eaglestone and Barry Langfor (Ed.) talking about teaching literature. The research method is document analysis. In number, there is no significant difference between them. No literary terminology that is more than 250 words. Beside, since they talk the same scope, the meanings of the terminologies are the same. Further, both present different use of terminologies. In some sentences, the terminologies are used to explain something closer to literature, yet in some other sentences, the terminologies are used to describe or explain the things related to teaching literature.
Fhulufhelo Patrick Muedi, Azwidohwi Philip Kutame, Thelma Ngidi, Chinaza Uleanya
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 138-145; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2430

Abstract:
Progressed learners differ from their counterparts. The difference is reflected in their assimilation, retention and abilities to reproduce what they are taught. Meanwhile, progressing learners due to policy is insufficient, certain support strategies are to be in place. Hence, the study investigated the strategies of supporting “qualified to be progressed” (QP) learners for quality learning and teaching. Mixed methods was employed for data collection. Random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select teachers and School Management Team (SMT) members respectively who formed the study sample. The study was conducted in 10 purposively selected secondary schools in the Vhembe education, Limpopo, South Africa. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 165 selected teachers who were the respondents for the quantitative part of the study. Meanwhile interviews were conducted for the 10 SMTs who formed the participants for the qualitative part of the study. Percentage was used to analyse the quantitative data, while the qualitative data were used for triangulation. The finding of the study showed amongst others that there are no specific support strategies put in place to assist progressed learners to catch up with their counterparts. The study recommends that schools and relevant education stakeholders put in place support strategies to assist progressed learners.
Farisani Thomas Nephawe, Matodzi Nancy Lambani
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 190-197; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2654

Abstract:
The mastery of the irregular form of verbs in the past simple tense poses challenges to non-native learners of English all over the world. The objectives of this study were to identify the types of learners’ strategies useful for mastering the irregular verb inflection, to describe and evaluate them, and to establish why the English First Additional Language learners face difficulties in mastering those strategies. The study followed a quantitative research design. A questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection from the respondents. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 22 to ensure valid interpretations. Subsequent themes were placed in a table and a graph dealing with the inflection of irregular verbs. The target group of this study comprised 21 Grade 10 learners who were attending Dimani Secondary School in Limpopo Province, South Africa during the academic year 2021. From the data analysis, the initial study findings established that the respondents were incompetent in mastering the inflection of irregular verbs in the past simple tense when using the suppletion principle and the terminal consonants phoneme changes. The researchers used the grouping of common irregular verbs and the learning of irregular verbs in sentences strategies because learners were different and learned irregular verb inflection differently. Although it was previously found that learners could not understand the inflection of irregular verbs in the past simple tense, after having utilised these two strategies, the inflection of irregular verbs in the past simple tense improved with tremendous results. Keywords: Inflection; irregular verbs; past simple tense; strategies
Sutji Harijanto, B. Dwi Yuniar Rahmawaty, Muhammad Entang
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 110-118; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2361

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to empirically determine the improvement of teacher's commitment to the organisation by observing its connection with servant leadership of the principal and job satisfaction, with respondents being Permanent Teachers of the Foundation (GTY) of Private Junior High School in Cibinong District, Bogor Regency. The number of research samples of 183 teachers was taken randomly using the proportional random sampling technique. The method used was the correlation method. Hypothesis testing was carried out using parametric statistical analysis in simple and multiple linear regression analysis, simple and multiple correlation analysis, and partial analysis with a significance level of = 0.01 and = 0.05. This study resulted in four conclusions. First, there is a significant positive correlation between servant leadership (X1) and teacher's commitment to the organisation (Y), which is indicated by a simple linear regression equation Ŷ = 63.094 + 0,501X1. with correlation coefficient ry1 = 0.73, coefficient of determination Ry12 = 0.5361. Second, there is a very significant positive correlation between job satisfaction (X2) and teacher’s commitment to the organization (Y) which is indicated by the linear regression equation Ŷ = 56.35 + 0.552X2 with correlation coefficient ry2 = 0.66, coefficient of determination Ry22 = 0,4343. Third, there is a significant positive correlation between servant leadership and job satisfaction collectively with the teacher's commitment to the organisation, which is indicated by the equation Ŷ = 35.50 + 0.372X1 + 0.34X2 with a correlation coefficient ry.12 = 0.81 and coefficient of determination Ry.122= 0.665. Fourth, commitment to the organisation of GTY's Private Junior High School in Cibinong District, Bogor Regency can be enhanced through strengthening servant leadership and job satisfaction.
Ade Nurhopipah, Ida Nuraida, Jali Suhaman
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), Volume 6, pp 163-168; https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2590

Abstract:
Online learning methodologies are the most influential factor in educational success. However, it cannot be denied that there are non-technical aspects that indirectly affect students' motivation and academic achievement after the Covid-19 pandemic occurred. This study involves paired t-tests, regression tests, and partial t-tests to analyze the factors that can indirectly shape student motivation and academic achievement in Indonesia's higher schools. The factors studied were related to economic condition, health, habits, and social interaction. The result shows significant changes in learning motivation, economic and health conditions, student interactions with friends and lecturers, student involvement in student activity units and religious activities, use of social media, and time spent reading. The Grade Point Accumulative (GPA) before the pandemic was influenced by learning motivation. However, during the pandemic, the GPA was not significantly affected by learning motivation. Before the pandemic, family engagement and student involvement in religious activities significantly influence the GPA. Meanwhile, the factors that influence learning motivation during the pandemic are student involvement in social activities, interaction with lecturers, health conditions, and time spent reading.
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