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, Octy Widyasari, Iriyani K
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2153

Abstract:
Hygiene of food and beverages is influenced by cutlery. Behavioral factor related to the food management is an important factor in food hygiene. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of knowledge and washing techniques practice with the hygiene tableware at food stalls.The design of this study was Cross-sectional. The study was conducted in food stall at the Port Health Office Samarinda using observation method completed by cutlery hygiene inspection. The research samples were 4 to 5 tableware and 30 samples of food handlers. Mann Whitney test was used as the data analysis.The findings showed that there was no relationship between knowledge and hygiene of utensils (ρ value = 0370), while there was a relationship between the practice of cleanliness of cutlery (ρ value = 0.002) in food stall at The Port health Office area in Samarinda.Suggestions for food handlers are to soak the cutlery in advance so that the rest of the food stuck or the hardened part can be easily off and cleaned. Do the rinsing with the running water or frequently replace the rinse water. Re-clean the cutlery using a clean cloth or frequently replaced and keep cutlery in proper place, avoid the dust and dirt. To the related institutions are expected to do the regular inspection of the cutlery, do the monitoring and evaluation to coaching and training and the need of local regulations governing cleanliness of food stalls in the port authority. Keywords: the Health of Cutlery, Knowledge, Behavior, Practice
Adejohn Nursalim, Fransien Virginia Tamusa, Lady Galatia Lapian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2152

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Ita Miranti, Anik Djuraidah, Indahwati Indahwati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2125

Dina Lusiana Setyowati, Dyah Dwijayanti, Muhamad Sultan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9, pp 125-132; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2405

Abstract:
Various activities that involve hands repetitively are often associated with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). CTS is defined by compression of the median nerve in the wrist. Peeling onion skin is a risk job which can be easily affected by CTS. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between repetitive motions, duration of work, work of service, the history of Illness and CTS among onion skin peeler workers at Segiri Market Samarinda. This research used a cross-sectional design to analyze the relationship among the variables. The subject of this study were people who work as peel onion in the Segiri Market Samarinda and the sampling method of this research using purposive sampling with 31 participants. Data was analysed using Chi-Square by SPSS 16 Program with significance level of 0.05 (5%). The results showed that there was a correlation between repetitive motions(p = 0.008),duration of work (p = 0.000), work of service (p = 0.034) and CTS; and there was no relationship between history of Illness and CTS (p = 1.000). The conclusion of the research that there was a relationship between repetitive motions, duration of work, work of service and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS); and there was no relationship between history of Illness and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). Keywords : CTS, Duration of Work, Work of service, History of Disease, Repetitive Movement
Ridha Restila
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9, pp 85-94; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2151

Abstract:
Stress is one of the factors that affect the performance of nurses. According to Nursing Times 2014, more than 60% of nurses say they have experienced effects of work-related stress, such as physical or mental health problem.This systematic review research aimed at exploring factors related to occupational stress among hospital nurses involved 16 research. This research consist of 8 research from Indonesia in the year 2000-2013 and another 8 research obtained from international journals in the year 2010-2015.The entire research using cross sectional study design, sample size ranged from 24 - 2613. There are differences in the average number of research samples in the Indonesian research and international research (pvalue = 0,004). Total number of variables studied were 70 independent variables. The number of variables studied ranged from 4-25 per study. The most studied variables were marital status, salary, age, education, job demands, length of employment, shift work, promotion, and gender. From 9 variables most studied, promotion variable has a significant percentage of the highest p value, while the gender variable has no significant. Reference number used ranged from 7-59 references. No difference reference amount between Indonesian research and international research (p value = 0.806).
Dian Wuri Astuti, Muji Rahayu, Dewi Sri Rahayu
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2273

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Puri Wulandari, Haryoto Kusnoputranto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9, pp 77-84; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2127

Abstract:
Medical waste is classified as hazardous waste and toxic materials. Equipped with various health facilities and visited by 1,267 people/day and occupancy rate is 68 percent in 2011, Public Hospital in East Jakarta generates a large number of medical wastes. Although medical waste generated less than domestic waste but potentially major cause of occupational accidents and illnesses transmission if not managed properly. This research aims to know how the hospital minimize and process the medical waste. Research methodology used in this research is qualitative approach from the aspect of the characteristics, effort minimization and management of medical waste. This research also used quantitative method by calculating the medical waste based on the occupancy rate and the service given. The results showed that the generation of medical waste as much as 0.9 pounds/ patient.days with 64 percent occupancy rate, while based on the type of service that is at most of the operating room of 0.67 pounds/ patient.days. Medical waste minimization efforts that have been done of segregation, housekeeping, preventive maintenance, clean technology, substitution of materials, and management of chemical and pharmaceutical, whereas only limited efforts to use waste reuse. The conclusion of this research was the minimization efforts do not do recycling and recovery, whereas the management of medical waste is not eligible especially separation, transport, storage, and management of ash from incineration of medical waste.
Wahyu Siswanto, Surahma Asti Mulasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1546

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Noor Hidayat, Sunarti Sunarti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1548

Abstract:
Background: Anemia is still a nutritional problem in worldwide, especially in developing countries. Anemia is a medical condition which the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin less than 12 gram/100ml. Determination to know anemia can be performed by laboratory test for examine the levels of hemoglobin. The level of hemoglobin test is one of the routine blood tests are needed to diagnose a disease. Many methods are used for examine hemoglobin levels, including methods tallquist, sahli, kupersulfat and cyanmethemoglobine. There is more practical hemoglobin levels test tool which used Hb meter. Gold standard used for checking hemoglobin levels are cyanmethemoglobine method.Method: This research was a descriptive study which used laboratory test. The samples in this research were teenage girl class III in MAN Wonosari.Result: The sensitivity velues is based on the results was 45.45%, while the specificity values was 64.61%. False positive values was 35.58%, while the false negative velue was 54.54%.Conclusion: Sensitivity and specificity velues on this research this showed had result is not good Keyword: Hb meter, sensitivity, anemia, teenage girl, specificity
Siti Uswatun Chasanah, Ariana Sumekar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.2226

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Rina Widiastti, Ismiyati Ismiyati, Resmi Aini
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.2648

Abstract:
Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat p-ISSN: 1978-0575 and e-ISSN: 2620-2999, is an open access and peer-reviewed journal that published empirical quantitative research and/or qualitative res
Ahmad Ahid Mudayana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1549

Abstract:
Background: The number of treatment options for making competition among hospitals increasingly stringent anyway though not the business competition. The amount of this option makes every hospital must calculate the unit cost of each so as to make the right policy in determining the hospital tariffs. PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul is one of the largest hospital in Bantul. The Muhammadiyah owned hospitals have a social mission in providing health services to the community. The social mission of making hospitals PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul in setting the rates must be in accordance with the ability of the community. This is because the target consumer PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul majority of the lower middle class people. Currently PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul is developing the building, including increasing the number of beds to 300. Increasing the number of beds will make PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul as the largest Muhammadiyah hospital in Yogyakarta. The existence of this development will be made possible due to changes in the level of rates increasing operational needs. Background of the researchers interested in studying the patient's willingness and ability to pay in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul.Methods: This research is analytic research. Using cross sectional study design. The sample in this study amounted to 87 respondents.Results: Based on the analysis that has been carried out showed that the patient has the ability to pay an average of 100 033. While the average willingness to pay of patients included in the high category in the amount of 71.26 percent.Conclusions: 1) The average ability to pay inpatients Rp 100 033, estimated for three days. 2.) In order to conduct the promotion of hospital managers in an appropriate manner, for example by offering affordable rates to the public. Keywords: willingness to pay, ability to pay
Septian Emma Dwi Jatmika, Muchsin Maulana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1552

Abstract:
AbstrakLatar Belakang: Penyakit hipertensi hampir selalu dikaitkan dengan perubahan gaya hidup atau pola hidup, salah satunya adalah merokok. Pencegahan terjadinya hipertensi salah satunya dengan mengendalikan faktor resiko. Hal ini juga dapat mengurangi resiko penderita untuk mengalami hipertensi lanjut dengan komplikasi.Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan jumlah sampel sebesar 30 orang yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan instrumen penelitian berupa kuisioner yang berisi serangkaian pertanyaan tentang pengetahuan, sikap, nilai, kepercayaan dan perilaku yang berhubungan dengan kejadian hipertensi dan perilaku merokok.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar (66,67%) perilaku merokok responden adalah kurang baik dan sebagian kecil (33,33% ) perilaku responden adalah cukup baik. Pengetahuan responden tentang perilaku merokok sebagian besar (46,67%) adalah cukup baik dan sebagian kecil (10%) adalah kurang baik. Sedangkan sikap responden terhadap perilaku merokok sebagian besar (63,33%) adalah negatif.Kesimpulan: Gambaran pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku merokok pada penderita hipertensi khususnya yang merokok di Desa Sidokerto Kecamatan Godean Kabupaten Sleman Yogyakarta sebagian besar masih kurang baik. Kata kunci: pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku merokok, penderita hipertensi, sleman
Muchsin Maulana, Hari Kusnanto, Agus Suwarni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1551

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Liena Sofiana, Dwi Wahyuni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1553

Abstract:
Background: Nosocomial infections are infections that are acquired from hospital that when the patient is in the process of care after ± 72 hours. In order to minimize cases of nosocomial infection need control from hospital. Control of nosocomial infections in hospitals include prevention and control activities. To reduce the occurrence of nosocomial infections need to take measures eliminate disease-causing germs from the source of infection, preventing the bacteria reach the patient and keep vulnerable patients. The most important factor is hygiene and personal hygiene as well as hospitals, one of which is to perform decontamination and sterilization treatment rooms. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of ozone sterilization of the air germ reduction in inpatient in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul.Methods: This study used design of experiments (one group pre and post test design),with a number of research subjects, namely air germs in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul. Data were analyzed used paired samplet-test.Result: no effect between ozone sterilization to decrease number of bacteriain the airspace at the inpatient unit in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul with p value 0,051 (CI 95% = 0,101-32,545). Conclusion:there is no effect between ozone sterilization to decrease number of bacteriain the air space at the inpatient unit in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul 2014. Keywords: ozone sterilizer, air germ rate, inpatient unit AbstrakLatarbelakang: Infeksi nosokomial adalah infeksi yang diperoleh dari rumah sakit yaitu infeksi yang didapat ketika pasien sedang dalam proses perawatan setelah ± 72 jam. Untuk meminimal kasus infeksi nosokomial perlu dilakukan pengendalian. Pengendalian infeksi nosokomial di rumah sakit meliputi kegiatan pencegahan dan penanggulangan. Untuk mengurangi terjadinya infeksi nosokomial perlu dilakukan langkah-langkah menghilangkan kuman penyebab penyakit dari sumber infeksi, mencegah kuman tersebut mencapai penderita dan menjauhkan penderita yang rentan. Faktor yang paling penting adalah higiene dan kebersihan perorangan maupun rumah sakit, salah satunya adalah dengan melakukan dekontaminasi dan sterilisasi ruang perawatan. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh sterilisasi ozon terhadap penurunan angka kuman udara di ruang rawat inap Rumah Sakit Umum PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul.Metode: Penelitian ini dengan menggunakan eksperimen dengan rancangan Ulang (one group pre and post test design), dengan subjek penelitian yaitu angka kuman udara di ruang rawat inap RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik yaitu paired sample t-test.Hasil: tidak ada pengaruh antara sterilisasi ozon terhadap penurunan angka kuman udara di ruang rawat inap di RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul dengan pvalue 0,051 (CI 95% = 0,101-32,545). .Kesimpulan: tidak ada pengaruh antara sterilisasi ozon terhadap penurunan angka kuman udara di ruang rawat inap di RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul 2014. Kata Kunci: sterilisasi ozon, angka kuman udara, ruang rawat inap
Eka Lestari Mahyuni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1554

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Dwi Suhartanti, Ryan Septian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1030

Yulistyaningrum, Dwi Sarwani Sri Rejeki
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1101

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Solikhah, Baby Sheina, M. R. Umam
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1024

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Nola Riftiana, Soeyoko
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1103

Abstract:
Background: Glaucoma is characterized by significantly increase in eye pressure that can lead to order eye diseases including part or total blindness. Glaukoma is still the main eye health problem in Indonesia and Yogyakarta Special Teritory. Glaukoma causes permanen blindness. Based on data from medical records of glaucoma patients who seek treatment at hospital outpatient Eye Dr. Yap Yogyakarta in 2009 amounted to 1302 souls, while in the January to May 2010 amounted to 510 souls. This study aims to determine what factors are associated with the incidence of glaucoma in eye hospital Dr. Yap Yogyakarta.Methods: This was observational analytic study using case control design (case control) with a ratio of 1:2. Technique of sampling using the Non-Random Sampling, with purposive sampling approach, with a total sample of 105 respondents consisting of 35 cases and 70 controls, data collected by interview with questionnaire guidelines.Results: test results showed that three variables are not statistically significant and the two variables are statistically significant history of diabetes mellitus (OR = 0.624, p = 0.442, CI 95% = 0.185 to 2.097), history of hypertension (OR = 6.401, p-0, 000, 95% CI = 2.441 to 16.784), eye trauma (OR = 1.130, p = 0.839, CI 95% = 0.348 to 3.666), complication of eye surgery (OR = 3.463, p = 0.004, 95% CI - 1.444 to 8.306), and the use of corticosteroid drugs (OR-1, 130, p = 0.839, CI 95% = 0.348 to 3.666). Results of multivariat test surgery showed that the most dominant variables on the incidence of glaucoma in eye hospital Dr. Yap Yogyakarta is a history of hypertension with Sig = 0.001 Exp [3 = 5.675 (95% CI:2.105 to 15.301).Conclusion: There was two variables that is statistically significant, history of hypertension and complications of eye surgery. The most dominant variable with the incidence of glaucoma was a history of hypertension.Keywords: Glaucoma, Complications, Corticosteroids
Solikhah, Irma Rubianti, Trisno Agung Wibowo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1014

Abstract:
Background: Malaria is one of reemerging diseases and ranked in 10th position as deadly diseases. Malaria is also the 5thdeadly infective disease in the world. Malaria is tropical disease that been main cause of death, each year 40% of world inhabitant have risk of malaria disease or approximately 300 500 million of cases. About 1 3 millions of people died because of malaria each year. In Indonesia, about 50% of Indonesian people live in malaria endemic area. According to WHO, not less than 30 million cases of malaria occurs each year in Indonesia about 30.000 people were died.This study is purposed to recognize risk factors in relation with malaria incident in working area of Paruga Puskesmas (Public Health Service), Bima City, of Nusa Tenggara Barat.Methods: This was analytic-observational research using case-control approach. Sampling was performed in a way of purposive sampling. Cases in this study were malaria sufferer, who takes medical care in Puskesmas of Paruga and those who counted to Mass Blood Survey program on May, 2008. Control was another diseases sufferer who takes medical care in Puskesmas of Paruga and not suffers malaria according to Mass Blood Survey as shown in laboratory examination result.Results: There was relation between distance of house, mosquito's propagation place as well as mosquito's shelter and malaria incident as seen from OR=5,41, CI=1,38
Solikhah, Marhum Nur Amani, Abdul Kadar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1025

Indah Yuliana Wulandari, Sitti Nur Djannah, Isti Ken Utami
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3, pp 206-213; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1108

Abstract:
Background: The knowledge of husband fowards menopause will help women to understand and prepare themselves in the period of menopause. Normally women will experience menopause between the ages of 45 years and 50 years. Support from her husband when the wife entering menopause can increase the confidence and the spirit of living of the wife, so that they will get a harmonic family in facing their elderly life. Goal of this research is to understand the relationship between the level of knowledge on menopause and social support of husband while the wife entering menopause in the Village of Somagede, Somagede sub district, Banyumas Regency Method: This was an observational analytic research using cross sectional approach . The simple of this research were 70 respondents. Data collections for primary data used questionnaire. Results: There is a relationship between the level of knowledge on menopause and social support of husband when his wife entering menopause with correlation coefficient value (R) = 0, 523 and R square 0, 273, and a significant value (Sig) = 0,000 lower than the alpha value (?), then Ha that there was a connection between the levels of knowledge about menopause with social support while the wife of the husband menopause is "received". Conclusion: There was a relationship between the level of knowledge about menopause and social support of husband when the wife entering menopause. The level of knowledge about menopause contributes 27,3 percent of the social of support the husband when the wife entering menopause in Somagede village, Somagede sub district, Banyumas Regency. Keywords: Knowledge, Menopause, Age
Dyah Suryani, Yanuk Wulandari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1107

Abstract:
Background : Hospital are organizations that are running health service to the society in certain area of coverage. In giving its service, there is residential service that dominates the services available. Its because the service giving such contribution for patient care. According to the medical record RSIY PDHI in the current 2 months the residential service experiences increase of patient number, about 10 percent. Thus however causes the service burden increased and if its continuing may causing fatigue that decreases the services quality. A lot of work may give trouble and stress to the nurses. This researchs goal is to figure out relation between burden or work, jon stress, and the level of conflict to nurses exhaustion in RSIY PDHI.Methods : This research was a quantitative research using analytical survey method (explanatory study) with cross sectional plan of research. Samples are nurses of residential service, 52 persons in number. This research utilizes questionnaire and data analysis with chi-square equation (?=0.05).Results : This research showed there are strong relationship between burden of work, job stress, and the level of conflict to nurses exhaustion among the nurses with level of significance burden of work (?=0.000), job stress (?=0.026), and the level of conflict (?=0.000).Conclusion : Any relation between burden of work with nurses exhaustion in residential service. Any relation between job stress with nurses exhaustion and any relation between the level of conflict with nurses exhaustion. Thats way its needed to develop the nurses career, well stress management, and conflict optimizing that the nurses would be kept motivated in working that it would tackle nurses exhaustion. Keywords: Burden of Work, Job Stress, The Level of Conflict, and Nurses Exhaustion
Siti Nur Djannah, Dyah Suryani, Dian Asih Purwati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1109

Abstract:
Background: Based on field reports and findings of the 2008 Health Office Yogyakarta, the number of TB patients in DIY reached 1.141orang. In general, the increase in TB patients in the last seven years approximately 15 percent, Noted there are 428 positive patients with TB in the city of Yogyakarta. Meanwhile, patients who went to the city of Yogyakarta to reach 771 patients with either a positive TB patients and TB negative. Boarding was located in the hamlet Sanggrahan Manokwari, populated by students as much as 50 people. The data was obtained from the year 2005-2009 there were seven known TB patients in Manokwari Boarding Sleman, and some were suspected of showing symptoms of TB patients with a skinny body and the observation of TB team Puskesmas Depok II some of them did not perform to complete TB treatment or medication discontinuation (drop out). The purpose those study to determine the correlation between knowledge and attitudes about prevention of transmission of TB to the behavior of students in a dormitory at Manokwari Sleman, Yogyakarta. Methods: This study used an analytical observation research with cross sectional design. The sampling technique used the Totality of all population sampling as the sample of the research was 50 people with variable measurements using questionnaires. Analyzed research data used univariate and bivariate. Results: The level of knowledge has a level of a very weak relation with the correlation coefficient of 0.21, determination coefficient of 0.000 means that the level of knowledge do not contribute to prevention of transmission of the behavior of students in a dormitory at Yogyakarta, Manokwari and sig 0.904> 0.05, which means there is no relationship between the level of knowledge about prevention of transmission of TB to the behavior of students in Yogyakarta, Manokwari Dormitory. Multiple Linear Correlation Results of 0.520 means to have the relationship that is, the coefficient of determination equal to 0.270 means that the attitude that contributed 27 percent of student behavior in the prevention of transmission in Yogyakarta, Manokwari Boarding and .001 Sig <.05, which means there was a correlation between attitudes about TB with the behavior of students in the prevention of transmission in Yogyakarta, Manokwari Dormitory. Conclusion: There was no correlation between the levels of knowledge about prevention of transmission of TB to the behavior and there is a relationship between attitudes and behavior concerning prevention of transmission of tuberculosis in students in Yogyakarta, Manokwari Dormitory. Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, TBC
Yufita Yeni, Sitti Nur Djannah, Solikhah Solikhah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i2.1027

Abstract:
Background: Hypertension or high blood pressure is heart and blood vessel disorder marked by increasing of blood pressure. Consequence from this incident is occurrence of other accompanying illness. Hypertension may occur in people without age and sex limitation until it needs good handling. High prevalence of childbearing age woman suffer from hypertension in Puskesmas Umbulharjo I (Public Health Service) has drove writer to make study about factors related with hypertension incident in childbearing age woman in Puskesmas Umbulharjo I Yogyakarta. Objective of this research is to recognize correlation between history of hypertension family, obesity, and hormonal contraception usage, and hypertension incident of childbearing age woman in Puskesmas Umbulharjo I Yogyakarta. Method: This was observational analytic research using cross sectional approach. Population of this study is age group which medicinize in common polyclinic of Puskesmas Umbulharjo I Yogyakarta. Sample was taken using Accidental Sampling method. Sample comprised of childbearing age woman who suffering hypertension (having problem) and those who have not hypertension problem (having not problem), and meet respondent inclusion criterion, that resulted of 88 women. Result: Result of this study showed there is no correlation between history of hypertension family with hypertension incident, that is p=0,158, > ?=0,05, calculated chi square is 1.992 < tabulated chi square of 3,481. There is correlation between obesity and hypertension incident with p value of 0,007 < ?=0,05, and calculated chi square is 7,298 > tabulated Chi Square of 3,481. There is no correlation between hormonal contraception and hypertension incident with value of p= 0,762 > ?=0.05, and calculated Chi Square of 0.091 < tabulated Chi Square of 3,481. Conclusion: There was no correlation between history of hypertension family and hormonal contraception with hypertension incident. There is correlation between obesity and hypertension incident. Keywords: hypertension, history of hypertension family, obesity, hormonal contraception.
Hesti Rosyidah, Sitti Nur Djannah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i2.1096

Abstract:
Background: The spread of Pb to humans could cause many negative effects to health such as cardiovasculer system, hypertension and carsinogenic. The change of society pattern from agrarian to industry and life style, community social economic became was one of the things that cause the increasing of un infected prevalence, that was hypertension. The average of hypertension prevalence in Indonesia around 8,3 percent. Low concentrate of Pb inside blood (3-5 g/dl) had cause effect to blood pressure and Pb also took act in hypertension patolgy. The air pollution in Yogyakarta city alraedy reach the normal standar of air quallity. One of the area with high air pollution was Public Refueling Station (SPBU). The operator employee has high risk to conteminate by dangerous chemical substances especially plumbum by gasoline and motor vehicle gas emission that waiting queue refuelingor vehivle that depart after refueling. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of Pb concentrate inside blood with hypertension incident to SPBU operator in Yogyakarta city.Method : This was observational analytic using cross sectional approach with quantitative method. Sample of this study was operator in four SPBU Yogyakarta city amount 25 people. To analyzed Pb concentrate inside blood used spectrophotometry with AAS method, the measuring of blood pressure used mercury sphygmomanometer and respondent characteristic used interview orientation. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate.Result : There was significant relationship between Pb concentrate in blood with hypertension incident to SPBU operator Yogyakarta city with signicancy value (p) amount 0,028 p=0,028 < ?=0,05, the risk seen by RR value = 2,619 (95% CI:0,944-7,625) ; so Ho which mention there was no relationship between Pb concentrate inside blood with hypertension incident to SPBU operator rejected. Ha which mention there was relationship between Pb concentrate inside blood with hypertension incident to SPBU operator accepted.Conclusion : Pb concentrate inside blood had significant relationship with hypertension incident to SPBU operator Yogyakarta city.Keywords : Plumbum (Pb), Hypertension, Public Refueling Station operator
Nur Wahyudi, Rosyidah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 6; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v6i2.1059

Abstract:
Background: Investment is basically an effort of investing resources (capital) in business. The radiology unit in Rajawali Citra Hospital is cooperatively performed by the third party or an investment from the third party. The investment of the radiology tools has been performed for more than 5 years, yet a reliability study from the investment has been conducted. This study aimed at assessing the reliability of developing the investment of radiology tools in Rajawali Citra Hospital over 5 yearsMethod: This study is a study with descriptive analysis method in quantitative and qualitative approach without using hypothesis. The subject of the study is parts of finance, radiology unit and medical support and financial balance of radiology in 2007 2011. The technique of data collection was interview and documentation of financial balance of the radiology unit. The data analysis was done descriptively by applying quantitative and qualitative analysis approach.Result: The result of the study from the financial aspect indicated that payback period (3 years) 327 was quicker than the economical value of the tools (5 years), NPV = Rp 5,252,878.3 investment was accepted because it resulted positive value, ARR = 150% investment was accepted because it provided more advantage than which has specified 100%, IRR = 15,2% investment was accepted because the result was more than the interest (10%), PI = 1,10 the investment was accepted because the result was more than 1.Conclusion: From the whole aspect in the reliability assessment of the investment such as market aspect, technology, law, management and financial resulted in positive value to the investment development of the radiology tools. Keywords: Investment, Reliability, Finance, Radiolog
Eny Sofiyatun, Barnidan Vita Rahayuningsih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1031

Izzatul Arifah, Dina Rahayuning P, Moh. Zen Rahfiludin
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1032

Abstract:
Background:Exclusive breastfeeding is the best way feed infant aged 0-6 months. Various factors influence breastfeeding practice, include father’s role factors. This study aimed to describe father’s roles and its association to breastfeeding practices.Method: Method used in this study was survey with cross sectional approach. The sample were 80 couples who had 0-6 month aged baby lived in the service area of Ngesrep subdistrict in February 2012 using pusposive sampling technique. Data were analyzed descriptively using chi-square statistical test.Result: The result showed among mothers with exclusive breastfeeding practice, about 80% father did support their wife. Father’s role were significantly associated to exclusive breastfeeding practices ( =0.0001). It was also influenced by medical support ( =0.042), grand mother and peer support ( =0.0001), and non-working mothers ( =0.049).Conclusion: Fathers who did role supporting mothers to practice exclusive breastfeeding, improve its success. However, medical support, grand mother and peer support, and mother’s occupation are confounding variable for this. Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, father, father’s role
Triyani Marwati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1029

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Siti Riptifah Tri Handari, Munaya Fauziah, Mia Endah Asmalasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1033

Abstract:
Background:Nutrition is a major factor in improving the quality of human resources (HR). The quality of a country's human resources can be measure with nutritional status of children under five year, which is the candidate for the next of the nation generation. Under nutrition rates among children under five in Indonesia according Riskesdas 2007 is 18.4% (prevalence of severe undernutrition children underfive is 5.4% and 13.0% of children underfive undernutrition) and data Riskesdas 2010 is 17.9% (prevalence of severe undernutrition children under five 4.9% and 13.0% of children under five undernutrition. Although the figure has decreased, but the number is still high and has not reached the MDG target of 15.5% and RPJMN 2010-2014 is 15%. Widespread malnutrition in the community due to multifactorial, but there are two reasons that are believed to be the direct cause of low consumption of food and the presence of infectious disease. The indirect causes are factors of parenting and childcare, food availability also environmental sanitation.Method: This study aims to determine the effect of nutrition assistance programs during one month of the weight of children under five. The method used is Non-Randomized Quasi- Experiment with pre-test and post-test group. Sampling was conducted with a purposive sample of experiments, a total of 15 samples.Result: Results of Paired T-Test showed that the value of p<0.005 (p = 0.001). It can be concluded that the nutritional assistance program, which lasted for one month is able to increase weight children under five (p = 0.001).Conclusion: Advice for PHC/Health Department to address the nutritional problems in children under five is to increase nutrition assistance program through nutritional care of the family. Keyword: nutrition assistance program, weight, children under five years
Yuli Kusumawati, Tutyan Miasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1034

Solikhah, Tiara Wahyu Pamungkas, Triyani Marwati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1011

Abstract:
Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat p-ISSN: 1978-0575 and e-ISSN: 2620-2999, is an open access and peer-reviewed journal that published empirical quantitative research and/or qualitative res
M. Fachrurozi, Listiatie Budi Utami, Dyah Suryani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1100

Cahyono Nugroho, Sitti Nur Djanah, Surahma Asti Mulasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1104

Abstract:
Background : Vegetables can be eaten by fully or in portion on fresh condition (lalapan) or in be cooked. Fresh vegetables (lalapan) useful for the healthy of our bodies caused have good nutrition that relative high in vitamine and mineral shape, and one kind of thats vegetables is cabbage or kol. Cabbage which have been cleaned may still find the germs agent for example is the intestinal nematode. In Indonesia, intestinal nematode remain caused the serious public health problem, are Ascaris lumbricoides, hook worm and Trichuris trichiura. Soil, vegetables and water are the important one of the transmission way of the eggs of intestinal nematode, if there found many eggs of intestinal nematodes on the contamination sources (like vegetables, soil and the others) automatically will followed with the increasing of endemic degree.Method : This was descriptive qualitative research using laboratory enclosed. The cabbage that are used for examination materials, cabbage that usually use on food court especially pedestrian food court (warung makan lesehan) which sold on the midle of the city Wonosari Gunungkidul Yogyakarta. To make sediment of the eggs of intestinal nematode is used NaOH 0,2% solution as detergent solution. The practice of this exam use sedimentation technique and than be checked the diagnosting on microscope. The result of data that shown on therefore any contamination or yet the eggs of intestinal nematode, the kind of species of intestinal nematode and infective stage of those species. Data will be analyzed in descriptive qualitative statistic and been shown on table and chart.Result: The result of this research showed that there any contamination of the eggs of intestinal nematode from the cabbage (Brassica oleracea) that was been analyzed (38,89%), for the species of the eggs of intestinal nematode that shown positive samples are found Ascaris lumbricoides (50%), hook worm (12,5%) and Trichuris trichiura (37,5%). The infective stage that known is only one kind of infective stage that is an infective stage from Ascaris lumbricoides egg. Conclution: There was any contamination of the eggs of intestinal nematode on the cabbage (Brassica oleracea) that used for fresh vegetable menu (lalapan) on pedestrian food court in the midle of the city Wonosari Gunungkidul Yogyakarta.Keyword : Contamination, Cabbage (Brassica oleracea), The eggs of intestinal nematode
Lelia Kusuma Astuti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1105

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
R Fataruba, S Purwatiningsih, Y Wardani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3, pp 168-173; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1106

Abstract:
Background : Parents are the first and best teachers in the process of the human beings behavior, parenting if properly understood by parents so children grow and develop into a good figure but if the parents upbringing of children is wrong will impact on bad boy behavior. In the village Dufa-dufa Northern Distict of Ternate in North Maluku LPA survey Januari-Desember 2008 cases of child violence in the form violence physical (70 cases), sexual violence (3 cases), psychological violence (76 cases), economic exploitation/child labor (17 cases), sexual exploitation of children (1 cases), the child victims of conflict areas (15 cases), sexual abuse (4 cases), neglect of children (20 cases), murder (3 cases), the care and guardianship (12 cases). Purpose of this research is to determine whether there is a relationship parenting and violence against children at school age (6-18 years) in Dufa-dufa village Ternate northern districts.Methods: This study was a quantitative non experimental by using cross-sectional design in data collection, research using the questionnaire ad a data collection instrument, respondents in this study were parents who have children of school age, the number of 187 samples sample.Results: From the results of the statistic is obtained asymp sig number 0,000. Results of these tests showed P < ? (0,000 < 0,05) so that H0 is reject can in inflict that there was a significant association between parenting style and the incidents of violence against children, because the amount of views from C (coefficient contingency) is 28,8 percent for the contributed to variable parenting parents while the rest of the other variables not examined in this studyConclusion: There was a significant relationship between parenting style and the incidents of violence against children in Dufa-dufa village Ternate Northern districts. Keywords: Parenting, Genesis, Violence Against Children, School Age (6-18 Years).
Dicky Maryanto, Surahma Asti Mulasari, Dyah Suryani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 3; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1110

Abstract:
Background: Growth of motor vehicle in Yogyakarta mean 11,9 percent of year. A new motor vehicle Accretion every year reach 83.761 unit, more than 90 percent among other things vehicle wheel two or motorbike. In line with increase sum up the motor vehicle cause the increase sum up the consumption oil fuel, so that cause the gas throw away the motor vehicle like Carbon Monoxide ( CO), Hydrocarbon ( HC), Oxide Nitrogen ( Nox), Oxide Sulfur (Sox) And partikulat Pb mount also. Excelsior of concentration CO which breathed by human being hence fatal progressively risk accepted by the human being, even cause the death. Nature of not scentless gaseous CO and not chromatic also very the toxic, then CO is often conceived of silent killer. Strive the operation with the modification of burner machine conduct the innovation of muffler. With the addition of glass wool, active charcoal, water or other dissimilar substance having the character of adsorb or absorb. this Research target to Know the degradation of rate of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide ( CO) with the active charcoal addition a motor vehicle. Method: this was experimentant research by one group pre and post design descriptively and analytic. Sample of research some of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide (CO) high secretory the muffler of motorcycle honda supra, measuring instrument used in this research field observation with the active charcoal addition muffler motorcycle, and measuring instrument of inspection of carbon monoxide rate (CO) By analysis means of Auto Check 974/S. Analysis the data use the one way Anova. Result : test of Anova of degradation of rate of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide ( CO) with the active charcoal addition 50, 100, 150 gram of motor vehicle. Assess the mean difference average the rate 150gr to rate 50gr showing number - 1.17600* meaning active charcoal gift 150gr better the than gift 50gr. Seen from value sig for the line of fifth assess sig 0,035 < 0,05 meaning Ho refused and Ha accepted so that there degradation difference by sig. Conclusion : There was degradation of rate of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide ( CO) with the active charcoal addition at motor vehicle. Keywords : Carbon Monoxide ( CO), Active Charcoal Gift.
Rika Septiana, Sitti Nur Djannah, M Dawam Djamil
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i2.1097

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Yeni Wulandari, Noor Alwas Setiyadi, Sri Darnoto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i2.1035

Abstract:
Background:Based on data in Sragen District, 2010 showed that AKI (mother mortality rate) written 69.7/10.000 live births and AKB (baby mortality rate) noticed 6.8/100.000 live births. Caesarean Section method was on of childbirth methods used to decrease AKI and AKB. It was common to be called caesarean Section which giving birth the baby by abdomen incision process. Based on data in private hospital of Sragen District (RSUD Sragen), the caesarean Section method in childbirth was increasing up to 481 until 2011.Method: The research was observational study with case control design. The aims were to explain the medical factors influencing the caesarean Section in that hospital. The population was the mothers with childbirt in hospital. Thus, it was calculated by research providing 100 samples dividing by 50 case samples and 50 control samples.Result: The result showed that there were relationship between CPD (p=0.0001), PEB (p=0.0001), abnormal location of the baby (p=0.0001), twins (p=0.0001) and birth canal problem (p=0.0001) with Sectio Caesarea childbirth action in RSUD Sragen. Keywords: Sectio Caesarea, medical factors
Hesti Wahyu Maharyani, Sri Handayani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1102

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Ahmad Ahid Mudayana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i2.1098

Abstract:
Background: : The process of development is a Nur Hidayah Hospital (RS Nur Hidayah) Bantul makes employees work load increases. Improved performance the hospital can improve employee performance. If the employees performance is getting better, the service given to the patients will be getting better too . While the employee's performance can be influenced by the work motivation. The researcher interested to do research the influence of motivation on performance of employees.Objective: Measure of motivation and employee performance. Measure the influence of motivation on employee performance.Method: this was quantitatif descriptive research using cross sectional approach plan. the number of 79 employees respondents from 111 employees. The data analyzed using correlation analysis. Motivation assessed by questionnaire, performance while using a checklist. Result and discussion: Motivation (82, 3%) and performance (92, 4 %) employees are included in the high category. There is significant influence between motivation on employee performance (r=0,775 p (0, 00) <0, 05). Influence of intrinsic motivation (r=0,737) more powerful than extrinsic motivation (r=0,325). There is influence of the sub variables of responsibility (p=0,032), recognition (p=0,002), work achievement (p=0,007), career development (p=0,000), work (p=0,016), promotion (p=0,029), work condition (p=0,001) on employee performance.Conclusion and recommendation: This study shows motivation and employee performance is already high. Overall there is a strong influence on employee work motivation Nur Hidayah Hospital Bantul. Work motivation still need to be maintained and improved for the better employee performance.Keywords: Motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance
Ahmad Ahid Mudayana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4, pp 136-143; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i2.1099

Abstract:
Background : Complexity of hospital marketing strategy that have social function needed research to analyses marketing strategy have been applied by PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta hospital, especially to promote Laparoscopy Product. Marketing strategy of the segmentation, targeting and positioning. The aim of the research to analyses marketing strategy of PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta to promote Laparoscopy product.Method : This was descriptive research using qualitative method. The subject was director of public and financing, the chief of marketing, and patient of Laparsocopy user. Data from the resources person was analyses carefully.Result : Strategy analyses used marketing analyses, product analyses, and competitor analyses. Laparoscopy marketing segmentation was the middle and lower social class of the patient. No distinct market targeting yet of the marketing segmentation have been applying, its caused marketing not effective yet. The position of Laparoscopy product based on seven based variable those were: attribute positioning, benefit positioning, application positioning, user positioning, competitor positioning, product category positioning, and quality/price positioning.Conclusion : Laparoscopy marketing in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta have been effective insight amount of the patient who have been using of the Laparoscopy product. However, improving better services that Laparoscopy product capable become positioning product. The Laparoscopy product hoped capable to compete with the other competitor.Keywords : Strategy analyses, segmentation, marketing target, positoning product
Tri Budiyanto, Erza Yanti Pratiwi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 4; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v4i2.2258

Abstract:
Background : Work stress is a problem for the workers health and it is potential to increase the risk of working accident, cause psychological burden, physical load and it was able to decrease the productivity thoroughly. The influence of stress for long term, it is able too posses the certain consequences for the body. This research aim was know the relationship between the noises and work term with work stress to the weaving Agung Saputra Tex Piyungan, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods : This research was analytic observational using cross sectional approach. The research population is all workers of the weaving section Agung Saputra Tex Piyungan, Bantul, Yogyakarta. The technique of collecting sample was Totality Sampling method. The sample takes 40 peoples. Data analysis was performing univariate and bivariate.Result : The result of the research shown that was a significant correlation between the level of noise to the occurrence of work stress with p-value of 0,039 < alfa = 5% and the value of RP = 1,857 times (0,463 to 7,445) and there was a significant correlation between years of service to the occurrence of work stress with p-value of 0,019 < alfa = 5% and the value of RP = 1,459 times (0,654 to 3,259).Conclusion : All independent variable studied a meaningful relationship that were noise and years of service to the occurrence of work on worker stress weaving section Agung Saputra Tex Piyungan Bantul Yogyakarta.Keywords : Work stress, noise, and working period.
Ekayanti Hafidah Ahmad, Buraerah, Abd. Hakim, Leo Prawirodihardjo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 6; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v6i3.1051

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Dian Kurniawati, Solikhah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 6; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v6i2.1019

Dyah Suryani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 6; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v6i2.1056

Abstract:
Background: Vegetables can be eaten whole or in part in fresh or raw (fresh vegetables) or cooked. Vegetables is beneficial for health because they contain relatively high nutritional vita-mins and minerals, one of which is cabbage or cabbage. Cabbage has dicucipun may still con-tain pests and diseases, such as nematodes. Due to poor washing. In Indonesia, the nematode intestine is still a public health problem is Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Trichuris trichi-ura. Soil, vegetables and water is an important transmission media, a growing number of eggs found in the sources of contamination (vegetable, soil, etc.) will be accompanied by an increase in the degree of endemics. Advanced Research goal is to look at the relationship between the behavior of washing vegetables with intestinal nematode egg contamination in vegetable cab-bage merchant in the Village of catfish pecel Warungboto city of Yogyakarta. This study has the benefit of policy making in disease eradication wormy and add information that is consumed raw vegetables can infect humans through the intestinal nematode egss Atlanta.Methods: The study was observational analytic study with cross sectional research design. Washing behavior obtained by direct observation to guide traders with check list. Vegetable sprouts are used as raw vegetables (vegetables) contained on the merchant pecel Warungboto catfish in the Village of Yogyakarta. Wash solution for the deposition of intestinal nematode eggs used was 0.2% NaOH solution. Examination conducted by using techniques of direct ex-amination and then examined under a microscope. Data examination of the behavior of the cabbage and wash vegetables presence or absence of intestinal nematode eggs, species of intestinal nematode eggs. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis with chi square analysis.Examination results: The results of this examination showed that of 26 respondents found 16 respondents (61.5%) had not properly washing vegetables and 10 respondents (38.5%) had a good washing vegetables. Bivariate analysis for the behavioral relationship with the intestinal nematode egg contamination in vegetable cabbage is a value sig = 0.35 is greater than the value of alpha (? = 0.05) and RP = 3.125 (95% CI: 0.424 to 23.007).Conclusion: There were no relationship between the behavior of washing vegetables with egg contamination in vegetable cabbage worms in the shop pecel catfish Yogyakarta Village Wa-rungboto 2011. Keywords: Behavior, vegetables cabbage (Brassica oleracea), intestinal nematode eggs.
Dwi Sarwani Sr, Nunung Nurhayati, Supriyanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i1.1038

Abstract:
Background: One of the causes of the ineffective preventing of Thalassemia and getting more cases in Pekuncen and Sumbang sub district Banyumas was inadequate knowledge of the disease. Health volunteers had an important role to the distribution of information about thalassemia to the people. This research was aimed to observe the effectiveness of lecture method in improving knowledge of health volunteers on Thalassemia in Sumbang and Pekuncen sub district.Methods: The researcher applied quasi experiment through pretest and posttest design in her research. The population covered the active health volunteers in Sumbang and Pekuncen Sub districts consisted of 64 people who met the criteria. For analyzing the data, the researcher used univariate and bivariate (Wilcoxon test).Results and conclusion: The research showed that there was a different knowledge before and after lecture activity, the average score of knowledge before getting the treatment was 10.82 and it improved into 12.18 after the lecture session. There was 60.7% volunteers that was improved their knowledge after obtaining lecture session on thalassemia.Keywords: thalassemia, health volunteer, lecture method
Asep Rustiawan, Abdul Rohim Mansur
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 8; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v8i1.1039

Abstract:
Background: Sleman district including proneness. Disasters cause suffering food insecurity, so that attempts to anticipate very necessary.The purpose of this research was to calculate how much of staple food such as rice and noodles as a source of energy required by the population especially those living in the area of Disaster Prone Areas (DPA) in Sleman in case catastrophic volcanic eruptions occur.Methods: This research was a quantitative descriptive research, calculate the amount of energy required by the population living in DPA using calculations of Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) average energy age group (kcal).The amount of energy sufficiency obtained than converted into food rice and instant noodles.The data collected was secondary data obtained from the relevant authorities such as the map of DPA, the amount and composition of the population by age and price of rice and instant noodles. Data was processed by Microsoft Excel and Nutri Survey Programs.Results and Conclusions: Recommended Dietary Intake (RDI) of resident in the area of Disaster Prone Areas (DPA) Sleman Regency were 339,964,150 kcal with the average achievement level of energy consumption is less category. If converted into staple food, it is equivalent to 49.7 tonnes of rice (Rp 374,250,000) and 2,137 boxes of instant noodles (Rp 102,624,000). Food reserves or budget must be provided for 5 days in anticipation of the needs of the population in the region when volcanic eruptions occur are as much as 248.5 tonnes of rice and 10,685 boxes of instant noodles, or equivalent to Rp 2,384,370,000. The number of staple food that has been provided by the government as much as 31 tons of rice, or 62.4% of the population requirements in a day.Keywords : Merapi, Food Disaster, Sleman District, PDA
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