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Nurdin Nurdin, Mohammad Harun, Ramli Ramli
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 95-110; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.639

Abstract:
This research was aimed at describing personal values of character education in Ayah written by Andrea Hirata, a best-seller novel published by PT Bentang Pustaka in 2015. The novel is 396 pages long, divided into 69 chapters. This research is qualitative research with a documentation study design. The data for this research consists of parts of the novel where personal values were found. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis by describing the data, pointing out the personal values, and explaining it in detail, discussing the research results, and drawing conclusions. The research results show that the personal values found in the novel Ayah include honesty, accountability, self-confidence, hard work, independence, love of knowledge, entrepreneurship, and a healthy lifestyle. The values of love of knowledge and hard work are more dominant, which indicates that the author respects those values.
Dina Fitria Hasanah, Sony Sukmawan
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 157-168; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.643

Abstract:
The Tengger community coexists with cultural diversity. Titiluri presents to behold in maintaining cultural wealth. Focusing on what the ancestors have done, titiluri is a bridge in reducing the goodness that has existed since time immemorial. This study used a qualitative approach to the design of ethnography to describe titiluri role in maintaining society's culture Tengger. Through ethnographic design, a holistic description of folkloristic expression is embodied in expressions, speeches, symbolic behaviors that contain the philosophy of titiluri. Data were collected using observation and interviews. As a result, Titiluri is present in every aspect of the Tengger community. As a form of actualization of tradition, the titluri is shown to take place various traditional ceremonies until now as has been done by the ancestors. Besides, titiluri is present in the form of the Tengger community's identity, with inherent self-character, occupation, and dress characteristics. Titluri has the role of conserving the Tengger culture and becomes a principle in maintaining the nobility built by the ancestors so that it can save from the strong exposure of modernization.
Unpris Yastanti, Susilawati Susilawati
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 135-156; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.642

Abstract:
The purposes of this research are to identify the kind of imagery in Taylor Swift song lyrics, how Taylor Swift describes imagery in her song lyrics, and dominant imagery in Taylor Swift song lyrics. This research limited to three songs in the “Reputation” album, those songs are Look What You Made Me Do, Delicate, Gorgeous. This research used a descriptive qualitative method to analyze the data. The results of this research indicate that (1) There are five kinds of imagery, they are visual imagery, auditory imagery, kinesthetic imagery, tactile imagery, and organic imagery in Taylor Swift song lyrics. There are nine visual imagery, one auditory imagery, three kinesthetic imagery, two tactile imagery, 19 organic imagery, and thus the writers found 34 imagery in three song lyrics of Taylor Swift. (2) Taylor Swift prefers to describe feelings, thought, and opinions into song lyrics, therefore the writers found a lot of organic imagery in the song lyrics. (3) There is 19 organic imagery in song lyrics, which is the dominant imagery in the song lyrics of Taylor Swift.
Ary Iswanto Wibowo, Sayyid Khairunas
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 111-122; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.640

Abstract:
This research is aimed to find the perception of students on the speaking ability in Public Speaking class during pandemic Covid-19. By communicating to students who are from Public Relation majored, the researchers considered that speaking as a tool of communication should be done intensively. Therefore, within this pandemic teachers and students should change their learning methods from offline face to face to online face to face. The authors stated the problems that the students faced, they are perceptions and difficulties of online public speaking learning. A qualitative method had been used to analyze this case. The authors used the percentage of students as respondents to see the perceptions. The result of this research viewed that students disagree with the online Public Speaking Course. This amount consisted of 35,4% of total respondents that possessed in the second rank. While the first rank with the amount of 36,5% stated hesitation whether should be conducted online or offline. This also made authors and may other researchers to rethink about online Public Speaking Course. Perception, Public Speaking, Online
Muhammad Badrus Sholeh
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 123-134; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i2.641

Abstract:
In language teaching and learning, there are several methodologies and approaches; one of them is TBL. Since the 1980s, this approach has had the most pedagogical attention in second language pedagogy. TBL is becoming increasingly common worldwide, particularly in English classes in Indonesia. The task's goal is to establish a clear reason for language use and create a natural meaning for language learning. The ideas and principles of TBL have proven to be effective in classrooms. This paper aims to explain why teachers should implement TBL (TBL) in the language classroom and how to implement TBL during classroom instruction. The discussion begins with the introduction and the description of TBL. Then, it goes on TBL characteristics and continues with the approaches, the benefits, and framework of TBL.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 15-24; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.621

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to find out the symbol and theme that was used by Robert Frost in his literary works. It was also to elaborate on his biographical aspect of using symbols and themes in his poem. The method used to make this paper was a qualitative method. The writer also used two approaches to analyze this paper; first, the intrinsic approach consists of the symbol and theme and second, the extrinsic approach is a biographical perspective. The data were collected through library research. The results of this research indicated that the symbol on “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” was related to his nature or everyday life, while the theme on “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” was about the journey. The last, Robert Frost wrote his poem based on his experience of life when he was a teenager.
Ary Iswanto Wibowo,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 25-34; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.622

Abstract:
The research is aimed to find out the speech act classification and types of request strategy from a dialogue of the characters in Tall Girl movie. The method of this study is descriptive qualitative analysis. Data is taken out of all dialogues of the characters and is observed by using theories. In this analysis, the writers found the speech Act Classification and Types of Request Strategy in the Speech Act. The speech act is classified in declaration, representatives, directives, commissives, and expressive. Directives served the dominant form among the five types of illocutionary act mostly expressed their utterance. And as request strategy is typed in mood derivable, explicit performative, hedged performative, locution derivable, want statement, suggestive formula and preparatory. Mood derivable served the dominant form among the other types to deliver their willingness.
Erin Nur Aini, ,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 51-64; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.624

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the speech acts used by Joko Anwar who threatened live Zheng and politeness strategies in the Q&A program: BELAGA“HOLLYWOOD”. A descriptive method with document analysis is used in this study. The results of this study are found five forms of speech acts namely assertive, directive, commissive, expressive and declarative threatening Livi Zheng. Assertive speech acts in the form of complaining are more often used by Joko Anwar when threatening the face or self-image of Livi Zheng. To reduce the threat, indirect politeness strategies or off-record strategies are used by Joko Anwar. Speech with sarcastic messages or criticisms is conveyed with indirectly meaning, this politeness strategy is chosen so that communication can still be carried out without breaking the cooperative relationship between the speaker and the speech partner. This study shows that although there are threats in the speech delivered, with the indirect politeness strategy is also used to maintain the face or self-image in public.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 1-14; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.620

Abstract:
The study of motivation has been going around in the educational field for years long, but the issue is there are not many studies that specify in reading motivation, specifically for EFL and/or ESL students. Looking upon this concern, this narrative inquiry study tried to recognize the reasons behind the reading motivation amongst the students, particularly from Blue Star Senior High School, through the Self-determination Theory (SDT) principle from Deci & Ryan (1991) and some other possible social aspects, such as family and peers. It was later found out that in general, Blue Star Senior High School’s students are more likely to be extrinsically motivated when they read and the biggest encouragement to their extrinsic motivation is their social circle. While for our main participants, their past experiences were the ones that played important roles in constructing their motivation, either intrinsically or extrinsically.
Putri Shinta Hasibuan,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 79-92; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.626

Abstract:
This thesis is analyzing promiscuity on the main character. The purpose of this thesis is to find out and understand how it happened, to look for the two causes and impacts of promiscuity that are described in the novel. The main character is the girl who is a victim of sexual violence by her own uncle. As a result of the vile things done by her uncle, She was involved in a deviation, namely promiscuity. She did promiscuity with lots of boys. The behavior of multiple partners in sexual relations without a commitment relationship (promiscuity) is rarely found in women. Because in general, women engage in sexual relations on the basis of love and as an expression of feelings of love towards their partners. When found by individual women with promiscuity behavior, it becomes interesting to look more deeply. The theory used to analyze is a theory by Kartono and Mcleish. The research methods used in this thesis are qualitative methods and library research. The author collects data from the novel and from several sources of articles, books, and journals that have a relationship with this thesis. The results of this thesis are to reveal the truth that promiscuity can occur in the main character and get causes and impacts in their daily life.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 35-50; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.623

Abstract:
The variations of Madurese intensifying adjectives were investigated in this study. This qualitative study uses a questionnaire as the main instrument to know the intensifying adjectives used by the participants. The participants were asked to translate some sentences from Indonesian to Madurese based on their daily conversations. The participants are native Madurese speakers aged between 15-60 years. The study revealed that there were 28 variations of intensifying adjectives in Madurese which consist of 17 variations of quality level, 3 variations using a determiner before an adjective, 4 variations using a determiner after adjective, 9 variations using a determiner and suffix, and 1 variation using a confix. In the comparative level, it can be divided into equative, comparative, and superlative. There are 5 variations from a comparison of the equivalent level in Madurese, while in the comparative level only one variation is done, it is the addition of lebbi ... deri ..., and the superlative level found 5 variations in the intensity of adjectives.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 17, pp 65-78; doi:10.30957/lingua.v17i1.625

Abstract:
This study focuses on the analysis of critical discourse on microstructure, superstructure, and macrostructure in women's text in the political field in the Lombok Post newspaper in 2019. The theory used in this study is the theory of critical discourse analysis according to Teun A. van Dijk on the text dimension which consists of microstructures related to linguistic aspects consisting of semantic, syntactic, stylistic, and rhetorical elements. Superstructures related to the structure of the text or the text scheme. Macrostructure related to the theme in general. This research is qualitative research. Data collection methods in this study use the method of literature, which is a method that can help researchers in collecting data and filtering data that will be used for research. The data analysis method in this research uses the data analysis method according to Miles and Huberman. The results of this study show how the text analysis of news texts about women in politics in the Lombok Post newspaper in 2019 is based on van Dijk's discourse analysis theory.
Adiprasetio Prabowo
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 93-108; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.577

Abstract:
This study explores the use of code-mixing in Indonesian language learning used in the classroom of SMPN 7 Woja Dompu. The design of the study is a descriptive qualitative method that assigned students and teachers in SMPN 7 Woja. Data were collected using documentation, interviews, and translations. This results of this study show Indonesian language learning in is conducted using code-mixing between Bahasa Indonesia and local language in terms of words, phrases, and clauses. Mixed-shaped code words occur in total 95 words, phrases shaped mixing 107, and code-mixing clause shaped 43. The use of code-mixing that dominate in this research is mixed in the form of code phrases. The use of code-mixing in the learning affects teachers to facilitate learning, but students accept the code-mixing as their usual daily interactions.
, Mahyuni Mahyuni, Sudirman Sudirman
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 65-76; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.575

Abstract:
This qualitative research design was conducted to describe the schema, cohesion, coherence, and context contained in the stand-up comedy performed by famous comics (performer of stand up comedy) in Indonesia. The data were in the form the text of stand up comedy performed by Raditya Dika, Ernest Prakarsa, and Pandji Pragiwaksono. The source of the data was video-audio stand up comedy on Youtube http://www.youtube.com. The data gathered and analyzed grounded in theory of schematic, cohesion, coherence, and humorous discourse. The results show that the schemata appear in the setup section and each schema appears based on the experience of comics. The schema appears variously including dating, children, family, education, personal experience, social and so forth. The cohesion found in the stand-up comedy performed by the comics is only a few and without coherence in it. The context rising also depends on the main theme of stand up comedy.
Sujito Sujito, Mujiono Mujiono, Wildan Mahir Muttaqin
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 37-46; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.573

Abstract:
This study was intended to test the differences between the students who were given comprehensive modeling and those who are not given comprehensive modeling concerning with their achievement of Scientific Journal Writing in English Educational Department of IAIN Surakarta. The sample consists of 34 students randomly selected from the population. Data were collected by administering the writing test and analyzed by correlated sample t-test. The result revealed that there was a significant difference between students who were given comprehensive modeling and those who were not given comprehensive modeling in their achievement of Scientific Journal Writing in English Educational Department of IAIN Surakarta. It was derived that p=.000 >.005. So, the alternate hypothesis stating that the EFL students who were given comprehensive modeling have higher achievement in Scientific Journal Writing than those given conventional method was accepted. It means that the comprehensive modeling is an effective way to develop students' achievement in Scientific Journal Writing in English Educational Department of IAIN Surakarta.
Hana Nurul Hasanah, Emilia Kurniasari
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 47-64; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.574

Abstract:
This research aims to identify the illocutionary acts in non-campaign speeches of the president of Taiwan, Cai Yingwen. Four speeches under the themes cross-strait and gender equality were investigated using a qualitative method. Fifty sentences were selected as data analysis, and the illocutionary acts in each sentence were identified based on Searle’s five basic categories of illocutionary act. The result shows that the opening parts of Cai speeches are moderately various contains expressive, such as thanking and congratulating, and representatives such as stating a fact, the body parts are generally dominated by representatives (stating), and the closing parts are dominated by directives such as request and order.
, Syahdan Nur Syahdan, Muhammad Fadjri
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 121-136; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.580

Abstract:
This study attempts to see amelioration form and its meaning Sasak language spoken in Sengkerang village and explores the reasons for using in a speech community. This study employed a qualitative descriptive method. Data were collected using observation and interview. Records using audio-visual aids were used to administer the observation and interview. Prior to analysis, records were transcribed verbatim to see their categories and classifications. Data were analyzed using theories proposed by Allan Keith and Keith Burridge, the steps of which included: reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Results show that there are eleven forms of amelioration in Sengkerang village, namely 1) figurative, 2) flippancy, 3) remodeling, 4) circumcision, 5) clipping, 6) acronym, 7) abbreviation, 8) jargon, 9) hypernym, 10) hyponym, and 11) hyperbole. Meaning of the amelioration form is attached which it is spoken based on the context of which the speech is produced by a speaker. In addition, factors affecting to use the amelioration include humanity, physiological, characteristic, religiosity, and humor.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 207-218; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.603

Abstract:
In this study, we address two purposes: to see the appropriateness between the lesson plan and comprehensible aspects of the 2013 Curriculum components, and appropriateness between teaching preparation made by teachers and the K-13 contents. This study employed qualitative approached applying observation and questionnaire to collect data. Analysis was based upon Miles and Huberman (1994) theories on data collection, data reduction, data display, verification and cioncklusion drawing. Results show that the suitability between completeness of the components lesson plan with Curriculum 2013 is very less appropriate and the percentage suitability between learning process with teacher’s lesson plan 54.34% indicates low appropriateness. Completeness and components of lesson plan are low in seven aspects: indicator formulation, learning objectives, material development, teaching method plan, selection of media and learning resources, plan of teaching stages, and assessment and evaluation process. In addition, the appropriateness of learning process and plan in the lesson plan is perceived in different way dependent in teacher role and context when teaching in the classroom.
Lalu Suhirman
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 175-194; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.599

Abstract:
This study aims to examine body language, namely facial expressions that appear in film scenes entitled 'Little Black Book'. Therefore, this study discusses two research questions: 1) what conventional meaning is expressed by the facial expressions of central figures in 'Little Black Book' film? 2) what are the forms and patterns of body language that carry important messages besides facial expressions in 'Little Black Book' film? This study uses a qualitative approach to analyze data. The data source of this research is the film "Little Black Book". The data of this study are certain scenes related to body language. Data is collected through observation, which is watching carefully and repeatedly, and cutting or copying images that show gesture or gesture of body language. The result found was facial expressions which specified at upper neck, namely: head, eyes, and mouth. while the other parts of body language were hands and other acts of body language.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 219-234; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.604

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the type, and speech act strategy of teacher and student politeness in learning Indonesian in class VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sakra. The method used for data collection, namely observation, recording, and interviews. The results of the study show: (1) formalities between teachers and students always pay attention to the speech events when speaking; (2) speakers are always prejudiced towards the speech partners; (3) speakers are able to distinguish between conveying situations, namely serious situations and joking situations; (4) the types of teacher and student directive speech acts in Indonesian language learning in the classroom in the form of governing and the type of expressive speech acts in the form of forgiveness, praise, and criticism, both types of speech acts are predominantly conducted by teachers and students; (5) speakers are always introspective in order to know exactly what the partners say or use; (6) the principle of politeness and directive type of speech applied by teachers and students in learning Indonesian, including (1) maxim of wisdom; and (2) maxim of praise; (7) directive and expressive speech action strategies used by teachers and students in learning Indonesian, directly and indirectly.
, Mahyuni Mahyuni,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 271-284; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.607

Abstract:
The Testament of Devotional Period is one type of literary work in the form of poetry by TGKH. Zainuddin bin Abdul Madjid, the founder of Nahdlatul Wathan (NW) organization in Lombok. The purpose of this study is to explore character education values in the testament using hermeneutic theory of Hans-George Gadamer. Primary data of this study were values in the text of testatment and the secondary data were results of review of literature, and results of interview. Results show values ​​contained in the testament include: character education, social, cultural, and spiritual, with character education as the dominant value. Factors that cause the dominance of the value of character education in the testament include: effort to maintain the existence of NW, fostering the attitude of sami'na waata'na to NW alumni, a tool to suggest fighting spirit for NW, heirs of the Prophets, and fostering fanaticism towards NW.
Mustika Sari, Mohd. Harun, Siti Sarah Fitriani
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 195-206; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.602

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Nelda Sari Siregar, Else Liliani
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 77-92; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.576

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to describe the dimensions of the text, the practice of discourse, socio-cultural practices, and the ideological formations in the short stories that face imagined on porridge plates. The theory used is the theory of sociology of Gramsci hegemony. The method used is a qualitative method with the Fairclough model of critical discourse analysis techniques. The results of the study are a form of hegemony when traditional markets turn into modern markets and make people have a consumptive lifestyle. The author expresses his criticism of the current phenomenon subtly with the symbol of genderuwo which has greed and hegemonic character. Genderuwo is represented as a capitalist system which is currently controlling society. The form of ideological formation in the form of authoritarianism-capitalism and humanistic-mysticism. There are groups of hegemony, pro-hegemony, and groups of counter-hegemony. The hegemony group is the main actor in the occurrence of hegemony (the dominant group), while the pro-hegemony group is a figure who supports the occurrence of hegemony, the counter-hegemony group consists of people who oppose the occurrence of hegemony (cultural rise).
Khairani Ade Guswita, Pratomo Widodo
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 25-36; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.572

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to analyze the use of presupposition triggers in the Washington Post and Los Angeles Times online news. This study was conducted using a qualitative approach. The sources of this study are the Washington Post and Lost Angeles Times news on the internet. The data were analyzed based on the theory about presupposition triggers from Levinson (1983) and Yule (1996). The data collection method in this study is Metode Simak and Metode Catat which are proposed by Sudaryanto (2018). The result of this study is the most dominant types of triggers presuppositions which found in the Washington Post online news is a definite description with 29 occurrences (26%) and 37 occurrences (24%)in Lost Angeles online news. Both the Washington Post and Los Angeles Times online news use the clef-construction as part of the lexical and non-restrictive clause as part of structural which more dominant than others. Otherwise, the distinction on two online is conventional times which only appeared in the Los Angeles Times.
, Eddy Setia, Umar Mono
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 15-24; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.571

Abstract:
Social media interface has been translated into a variety of languages, including Indonesian. This research aims to identify dominant types of neologisms found in social media interface, describe translation procedures applied by translators in translating neologisms and translation norms in neologism translation. This research is qualitative research that was conducted by applying Newmark’s neologism typology and translation procedures (1988) and Toury’s concept of translation norms (1995). The results showed that 1) existing lexical items with new sense (words) is a type of neologism dominantly found in an interface, 2) transference, couplets and through translation are dominant procedures applied by translators which become norms in translating neologism in social media interface. It can be concluded that neologisms found in social media interface have not had equivalents in Indonesian and neologisms cannot be translated since they are terms or jargons used in social media interface.
, Rohmani Nur Indah
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 1-14; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.568

Abstract:
Figure of speech used in literary writing touches feelings, emotions based on an image of things seen, and actions experienced. When it applies to the language in a movie, it may furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. This study explored the figure of speech representing religious education values in Moustafa Akkad's The Message movie. As qualitative descriptive research, the source of data was the script of the movie analyzed from the sociolinguistic point of view. The result shows that the film used the figurative language to express religious education values through irony, simile, personification, paradox, hyperbole, oxymoron, metaphor, repetitive, metonymy, antithesis, onomatopoeia, and symbol. Also, Moustafa Akkad presented several religious values applicable to teaching English for Islamic Studies.
, Sudirman Wilian, Kamaludin Yusra
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 137-156; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.581

Abstract:
This study aims to determine differences in the choice of topics of conversation between men and women on Facebook media. This study was qualitative in nature, examining the corpus of facebookers available on the internet. The process of data collection was done by referring to the record and documentation method. In the analysis process, data were classified and analyzed based on Tuncay's theory (2006) in determining the theme of masculinity and Cholik (2016) theory in determining the theme of femininity. The results showed that male users tended to upload themes to show their masculinity such as physical strength, altruism, women and sex, love and family, pleasure or fun, leadership, outdoor activities, as well as spirituality and morality, while female users tended to upload theme to reflect the feminine side, such as cooking, parenting, beauty, traveling, hobbies, and fashion.
, Mahyuni Mahyuni, Johan Mahyudi
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 285-296; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.608

Abstract:
This research is based on differences in the variety of languages ​​of women and men in society. The research is focused on the taboo language used by women in written form on the Instagram social network. The use of taboo language by men is more accepted in society. The formulation of the premise of this study is to determine the forms of female taboo expressions on Instagram. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that is based on the use of taboo language on Instagram. The purpose of this study is to describe the forms of taboo expressions written by women on Instagram. The process of data collection was done by referring to the record anddocumentation method. Data were analyzed using taboo theory according to Wijana (2006) and Timothy Jay (1996). The results of the analysis showed that women use taboo language expressions which are vulgar, sexually harassing, name-calling and insulting.
Lalu Kamarudin, Syahdan Syahdan,
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 247-270; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.606

Abstract:
This study examines codes of conduct of women in carrying out their life according to the Qurtubi text by TGH. Alimuddin Praya West Nusa Tenggara. As the Islamic text from which values of women conducts based on hadits and the exemplars of Siti Fatimah, the daughter of the Muhammad Prophet, the text has been referenced as the core value of teaching for the society. This study used content analysis where themes and constructs of morale were focused from the text. The study used is a qualitative approach with descriptive analytical method, namely a method that expresses the actual situation in the text. Data were collected using documentation techniques, interviews and content analysis. The results show the code of conduct of women is conveyed through dialogue and actions experienced by the character depicted in the TGH Qurtubi text of Alimuddin Praya Lombok West Nusa Tenggara. The description of the action includes three codes, namely: 1) codes of conduct of women that depict social goodness, 2) codes of conduct of women that describe acts of conflict, and 3) codes of conduct of women that describe the attitude of guard and maintain. This teaching implies that codes of conduct of the women indicate the attitude to develop understanding, actions or the nature of maintaining positive norms that are not contrary to the values ​​of religion, culture or customs that apply.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 235-246; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.605

Abstract:
The study addresses honorific greeting delivered by Bima community using Donggo dialect to greet others. Specifically, the honorific address is used to greet elders using specific names that the local culturally indicates high respocet and honor. This study used qualitative approach and rooted on the sociolinguistics as the foundation of the understanding of the socio-cultural perspectives. The site of the study was Mbawa village, Donggo ditrict, Bima Regency. A number of local community consisting of 50 adult men and 50 adult women were observed as the informants of the study. Data were collected using direct observation and interview. Results show that Bima community perceive greeting is socially embedded in the culture to raise honor to others, elders, mates and the younger. The culture system in the Bima tradition is using modified self-naming to put respect and honor. The system of honorific address socially expresses politeness and religious values that root from the Islamic teaching. As the address system embeds cultural values that in sociolinguistic refers to politeness this study adversely contributes teaching language for secondary school students, implying that self-naming to express honorific address is contributable to school curriculum.
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 157-174; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i2.598

Abstract:
This study interrogates the use of language by students at tertiary. It focuses on students’ interactions with one another outside classroom setting. The study hypothesizes that the language used by university students display richness and yet complexity of human language. In focus groups, third year students were requested to give words which according to them have acquired new meanings on campus as compared to their common use anywhere else. Thus, such words should be believed to have their ‘campus’ meaning versus their ‘home’ meaning on the basis that their campus meanings might only be understood amongst university students while at the same time would be given a different meaning when used outside the university. Content analysis was done drawing on the underpinnings of communicative competence and componential theory of creativity frameworks. Data yielded significant patterns of language use including polysemy, among tertiary students; therefore, the study concludes that students’ exploitation of language is attributive of their communicative competence and creativity.
Sultana Sultana, Rusdiawan Rusdiawan, Ida Bagus Kade Gunayasa
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 16, pp 109-122; doi:10.30957/lingua.v16i1.578

Abstract:
This study explores the oral story of the Sasak tribe “The Angel Belt”. As a literary work, especially oral literature or Sasak stories this study posed that Sasak literary works not only function as an entertainment, or bedtime, but it leads to the low public aspiration of the region’s literature. The research questions of this study were what functions are identified in the folk tales of Angel Belt in Sasak society in Bujak village Batukliang sub-district? This research constituted a descriptive qualitative which described the existence of functions and seen in the story, behavior character, and motivation or action in the role of each character in a story. The analysis began with the determination of informants, data collection data analysis then draw a conclusion. The results show that in the story “Angel Belt” contained the function as follows: a) as a projection system, namely collective reflection tools, b) as a means of consolation, c) as an educational tool, d) as a tool of criticism.
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i1.417

Hani Agustina
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15, pp 19-28; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i1.427

Abstract:
This study focuses on the behavior of pronouns persona /te/ to express aspects and possessions in the structure of the Masbagic sasak language sentence. This research is descriptive conducted solely based on the facts that exist or the phenomenon that empirically live on the speakers. Researchers describe the data contained in the systematic data related to the problems studied. Data collection referred to the technique of lively cognate and recording techniques. Data were analyzed using intralingual pad method, presenting the result on informal method. The results are pronomina persone has a clitic form of proclitik te- and enclitik -te. When the pronominal persona of the proclical form meets with the verb it will express an aspect and there will be phoneme changes in the verb. When the pronouns persona of the enclosed form meets the nouns it will declare an ownership that there will be an addition of phoneme /n/ if the word attached ends in the vowel and there is no phoneme change in the noun attached if the consonant ends.
Pramesty Anggororeni, Riyadi Santosa, Tri Wiratno
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15, pp 7-18; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i1.426

Abstract:
This reasearch aims to describe translation qualities of proposal clause, explain the effect of translation techniques to the translation qualities and the impact of proposal translations to the children as target viewer on dubbing interpersonal-transacsional: proposal “Thomas and Friends: Blue Mountain Mystery” the movie. This descriptive-qualitative research applies purposive sampling techniques. The main resource is dubbing “Thomas and Friends: Blue Mountain Mystery” the movie and its indonesian version. Data were collected using: (1) document analysis to obtain the clause of interpersonal-transacsional: proposal, (2) questionnaire and interview to obtain translation quality data which covers accuracy, acceptability and readability. The result of the study shows that movie dubbing used narrative genre and its text structure is devided into orientation, complication and resolution. Each structure consists of declarative clause, interogative and imperative. The translation shifts occured in the forms of declarative clause and imperative clause. The shift types are in the clause type, proposal meaning or social function, and in both clause type and meaning.
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i1.442

Abstract:
This page consists of back cover, oublication guide and paper template
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i1.445

Abstract:
It contains front cover, editorial bard, indexing and table of contents
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i1.444

Abstract:
It comprises Publication Ethics, Author Guidelines, Paper Template, Back Cover
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.486

Abstract:
This text describes about the author guideline for our journals including: submission preparation, submission selection, ethic statement, guide to write manuscript, reference writing, and paper template
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.485

Abstract:
The cover include cover, editorial board, indexing and table of contents
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.495

Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.497

Abstract:
This section contains submission preparation, guidelines to write manuscript, code of conduct, reference, piublication fee, and template.
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.529

Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.528

Bossy Paskalis, Hana Nurul Hasanah
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.477

Abstract:
This research aims at describing the correct use of directional complements and elaborating the diversity and meanings of compound directional complement (CDC) used in Mandarin learners' interlanguage. This research is a case study on the essay of Universitas Indonesia Chinese Study Program students. Results were obtained through qualitative data analysis method supported by simple calculation. Learners’ accuracy was reflected in identifying the direction of action, ordering the constituents in a sentence with directional complement, and selecting the motion verb. Meanwhile, inaccuracy appeared in four categories: misselection, misordering, overinclusion, and blends. On the other hand, the use of directional complements with literal meaning was very diverse, but not so for the metaphorical ones. Although the frequency of the metaphorical use of CDC was higher than the literal ones, there was a lack of the variation in the type of CDC used by the learners.
Wiruma Titian Adi, Alfian Azmi
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.480

Abstract:
This research aims to reveal the slang expression (slang words) uttered by some characters in Little Man movie. To analyze them, the writers use Holmes’ references about social scale which is classified into four scales. By using qualitative descriptive method, the writers found 18 slang words then analyzed them into social distance scale, status scale, formality scale, or functional scale. After classifying these scales, it can be concluded that social distance scale is the mostly used in the movie. It can be assumed that social distance scale has told about the relationship between characters.
Irwansyah Irwansyah, Arifudin Arifudin, Kamaludin Yusran
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15, pp 175-186; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.492

Abstract:
This study explores the nature of mantra for the rice breeding in Campa Village, Madapangga District the regent of Bima. As the indigenous people belive on the aesthetical and spiritual of the mantra, this study tries to explore how society especially the villagers who mostly are farmers perceive values in the mantra. This syudy used ethnograpy and approached the data analysis using qualitative methods. Five informants having authority in the mantra were interviewed and harvesting rice was used as research setting. Observation, interview and document analysis were the sources of data in this research. This study reveals that aqidah (God trust) values are the most values people believe as the total renderness to Allah as the absolute truth. Reying on Allah wish, people involve activities of plantation rice for success. The second value is syariah (law) from where people rule and apply their social and daily life activities. The third value is moral (akhlak) to maintain their surrounding in peace, safe and sustainable.
Dian Fitri Nurullah, Rusdiawan Rusdiawan, Nuriadi Nuriadi
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.491

Abstract:
This post-test experimental study aims to see the difference achivement of the tenth graders of SMAN 1 Sekongkang who were taught using indigeneous Sumbawa song and those who were taught using conventional materials in writing the short story. This study assigned 22 students for the experimental and 22 students for the controlled group. A test to write a short story was developed and each work was evaluated using criteria of a good short story. The results of this study show that students who received treatnents using indigeneous Sumbawa song exhibit significantly from those who received conventional media showing statistical testing at p=0.05 that is t-vale = 14.725 that is greater than t-table = 1.682.
Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.496

Teguh Budiharso
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, Volume 15; doi:10.30957/lingua.v15i2.483

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