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Results in Journal International Journal of Chemical Studies: 2,288

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Aisha Majeed, Ameena M, Sheeba Ri
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1567-1572; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5v.10519

Abstract:
The treatments consisted of five growth media M1- soil: sand: Farm yard manure (1:1:1), M2 - soil: rockdust: FYM (1:1:1), M3 - soil: compressed coirpith: FYM (1:1:1), M4 - soil: rockdust: compressed coirpith: FYM (1:0.5:0.5:1) and M5 - soil: suchitha :FYM(1:1:1) and nutrient levels were N1 - 100% of 80:40:80 kg NPK ha-1, N2 - N1 + 50% N top dressed in three splits, N3- N1+ 100% N top dressed in three splits. M5 registered superior values for leaf yield per harvest, leaf area index and the number of leaves harvested per plant was superior in M2 and was on par with M5 and M1. N1 recorded the highest number of leaves harvested per plant, Leaf Area Index. The interaction m5n1 was found significantly superior with respect to leaf yield per harvest and LAI. For leaf yield per plant, m5n1 recorded higher value and was on par with m2n1. Hence the growth media M5 and organic nutrient schedule N1 can be suggested for obtaining higher yield.
Surender Singh, Raj Singh, Cs Dagar, Rn Sheokand
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1560-1566; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5v.10518

Abstract:
An effort was made here to examine the behaviour of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) at regional level in the state of Haryana. The monthly monsoon rainfall data of recent 30 years (1988-2017) of distinct stations of the state was used for the exploration. The mean rainfall during ISMR in the state ranged from 248.04 mm at Sirsa and 956.94 mm at Ambala. Monthly mean rainfall ranged between 43.55 and 134.09 mm (June), 81.23 and 340.21 mm (July), 68.76 and 331.23 mm (August) and 54.51 and 175.35 mm (September) at different locations. The significant portion of ISMR occurred during the month of July and August in the study area. Monthly mean rainfall during June, July, August and September at different locations ranged from 43.55 to 134.09 mm, 81.23 and 340.21 mm, 68.76 to 331.23 mm and 54.51 to 175.35 mm, respectively. An overall decreasing trend in ISMR was observed at all the locations during the course of study period.
Dev Narayan, Vivek Kumar Tripathi, Anil Kumar Verma
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1523-1528; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5u.10516

Abstract:
The experiment was performed in Randomized block design with 4 replications by taking 6 treatments viz., foliar application of zinc @ 250 ml ha-1, 500 ml ha-1, 750 ml ha-1, combination of basal application of zinc sulphate @ 10 kg ha-1 + foliar application of zinc @ 750 ml ha-1 or alone basal application of zinc sulphate @ 10 kg ha-1 and Untreated control. Maximum growth parameters viz., number of leaves plant-1, number of tillers plant-1, dry matter accumulation, leaf area index and yield attributes viz., number of effective tillers m-2, filled grains panicle-1, panicle weight, panicle length, number of filled grain per panicle, grain yield and straw yield was noted with foliar application of zinc @ 750 ml ha-1 which was comparable with foliar application of zinc @ 500 or 250 ml ha-1 or combination of basal application of zinc sulphate @ 10 kg ha-1 + foliar application of zinc @ 750 ml ha-1 and alone basal application.
M Prashanthi Evangelin, R Pauline Dorothy Kala, S Divya Bala, Ayesha Ahmadi, Hameeda Begum, S Manohar Babu
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1576-1579; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5v.10521

Abstract:
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified in human for the first time in the history. This is a zoonotic pathogen which was appeared first in Saudi Arabia and Jordan. According to WHO report, 858 deaths out of 27 countries were reported Between April 2012 and December 2019.The substrate at position P1 in glutamine is important for the protease of corona virus which is similar to that of 3Cprotease in entero viruses. In the development of viral drugs, the best target is proteases having specificity and plays an important role in the processing of viral polyprotein. Based on the structure. Peptidomimetic ketoamides designed as potent, broad spectrum inhibitor of 3c proteases against corona viruses. The present review is focused on the symptoms, transmission, target and prevention of the virus.
Abhishek Singh, Vikram Kumar, Sudhanshu Verma, Mahasankar Majumdar, Susovan Sarkar
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1529-1534; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5u.10517

Abstract:
Soil performs ecological services for the survival and nourishment of life. So, maintaining and improving soil health has paramount importance for sustainability of ecosystem. Indiscriminate use of the inorganic fertilizer, pesticide has harmful effects on soil health, human health, ground water health and environment. This will caused more dangerous effect for future possibility. Present status of all food grain production is in enough quantity for population of our country so we need to improve quality of food production, quality of soil, quality of ground water and quality or healthy environment for better livelihood. These qualities are obtained by the replacing inorganic input through organic input which is more vital for present prospect and future outlook. This review paper attempts to study the use of vermicompost in crop production. It has been argued that vermicompost in crop production is productive and sustainable, but there is a need for strong support to it in the form of manifestation of subsidies, agricultural extension services and research.
Sukalu Ram Netam, Gd Sahu, Ps Markam, Asnath Prerna Minz
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1517-1519; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5u.10514

Abstract:
The present investigation was conducted at Research field of Department of Fruit Science College of Agriculture Raipur (C.G.) during 2019-20. Entitled “Studies on the effect of different growing media on rooting and shooting of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cuttings cv. Super Bhagwa under Chhattisgarh plains condition.’’ The experiment was consisting different type of growing media and their combination viz. T0- Garden soil (control), T1- Sand, T2- Vermicompost, T3- Coco peat, T4- Saw dust, T5- FYM, T6- Poultry manure, T7- Sand + Vermicompost (1:1), T8- Sand + Cocopeat (1:1), T9- Sand + Saw dust (1:1), T10- Sand + FYM(1:1), and T11- Sand + Poultry manure (1:1). To find out the influence of various type of media on rooting and survival percentage of pomegranate. The overall best performance was observed in media combination T8 for rooting and survival percentage. Number of roots per cutting (32.44), Length of roots (30.37 cm), Diameter of roots (1.52mm), Fresh weight of root (4.15 gm), Dry weight of root (1.55 gm), Survival percentage (80.61 %). When used alone garden soil medium result showed the least performance and provide unsatisfactory result for rooting and survival parameter.
T Suresh Kumar, K Kaladhar Babu, B Ramesh Babu
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1573-1575; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5v.10520

Abstract:
The present investigation on “Impact of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on vegetative growth, yield and quality of sapota cv. Kalipatti” was conducted at Horticulture Research Station, Konda Mallepally, Nalgonda District, Telangana. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with eight treatments and three replications. Based on the results, it was observed that the plant height (5.40 m), girth (48.44 cm), canopy spread – NS (4.95 m) and EW (4.75 m), fruit length (5.31 cm), fruit breadth (5.50 cm), average fruit weight (105.00 g), number of fruits per tree (351.67), yield (51.00 kg / plant) and TSS (24.58 0Brix) and shelf life (10 days) with treatment T5: 50% recommended dose of inorganic fertilizers (400: 160: 450 g / plant) + 25% FYM +25% neem cake.
Alok Kumar Pandey, Sr Mishra, An Mishra, Arun Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Kushwaha, Krishna Murari, Himanshu Tiwari
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1580-1582; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5v.10522

Abstract:
Studies on phenological developments of different rice genotypes at different growing environments were carried out kharif 2019 at Student Instructional Farm of A.N.D.U.A.&T, Kumarganj, Ayodhya (U.P.). The experiment was layout Randomized Block Design (RBD) with four replications. The treatments comprised of three crop growing environment i.e. 5th July (D1), 15th July (D2) and 25th July (D3) with three genotypes i.e. NDR-97 (V1), SARJOO-52 (V2) and BPT-5204 (V3). The results revealed that crop growing environment on 5th July (D1) took some more days to reach harvest stage at all genotypes viz.- NDR-97 (87 DAT), SARJOO-52 (110 DAT) and BPT-5204 (132 DAT) followed by 15th July (D2) crop growing environment at all genotypes viz.- NDR-97 (85 DAT), SARJOO-52 (108 DAT) and BPT-5204 (129 DAT) and 25th July (D3) crop growing environment on takes minimum days to reach at harvest in case of all genotypes viz.- NDR-97 (82 DAT), SARJOO-52 (106 DAT) and BPT-5204 (126 DAT).
Rama Maurya, Archana Chakraborty, Sandeep K Mauriya, Renu Mogra
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 1520-1522; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5u.10515

Abstract:
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder in which the inability to digest cereals protein gluten. Patients may suffer from malabsorption diarrhea, abdominal pain, anemia, osteoporosis, and failure to thrive. Either CD is a genetic disorder but diet could play an important role to control from pathogenic symptoms. The susceptible person's slow growth rate, it also affects the productive life and also produces low immunity. The present study aimed to develop a gluten-free diet for celiac disease and analyses the acceptability by hedonic rating scale at 9 point scale, like extremely to dislike extremely. The study has done with the enrichment of fenugreek seeds to the preparation of fermented food Idli for celiac patients. Idli batter is prepared by soaking raw milled rice and decorticated black gram for 4 hour at 30 ± 1 °C in water. The soaked mass was ground using a mixer grinder with adequate amount of water. Fenugreek seeds contain protein, with the mixing of other pulses the quality of proteins enhances. Fenugreek seeds also contain mucilaginous fiber which is good for health promotion growth, improves immunity.
Man Mohan Kumar, Vishu Chaudhary, Yogendra Kumar Mishra
International Journal of Chemical Studies, Volume 8, pp 163-165; doi:10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i5c.10524

Abstract:
Sustainable agriculture in the 21st century will increasingly rely on alternative for environmentally friendly pest management interventions. The specific micro-organisms are used as biocontrol agents against various agricultural pests worldwide. Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana, Nomuraea rileyi, Lecanicillium lecanii and Hirsutella spp are the most important entomopathogenic-fungal pathogens used in the management of pests in agriculture. Many natural and synthetic substrates viz, sorghum grain, rice grain, farm manure, vegetable waste, vermicompost, sugarcane bagasse, neem seed kernel, sabouraud dextrose broth and potato dextrose broth were used during this study to estimate the sporulation of entomopathogenic fungi at temperatures of 26±2ºC. Both solid and liquid media were tests of the Lecanicillium lecanii for mass multiplication. Among the various highest-evaluated substrates (13.34 spores / ml) was recorded on sabouraud dextrose broth, which was found to be significantly higher than all the substrates tested after potato dextrose broth spore (11.31 spores / ml), and the sugarcane bagasse medium was considered to be the least spore (1.36 spores / ml) of all the substrates tested.
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