Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal World Nutrition Journal: 140

(searched for: journal_id:(1768878))
Page of 3
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Badriul Hegar, Zakiudin Munasir, Ahmad Suryawan, I Gusti Lanang Sidhiarta, Ketut Dewi Kumara Wati, Erfi Prafiantini, Irene Irene,
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 53-60; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0008

Abstract:
Background: Human milk is known to be the best nutrition for infants as it provides many health benefits. For non-breastfed infants, cow's milk based infant formula is the most optimal option to provide the needed nutrition. However, approximately 2-5% of all formula-fed infants experience cow’s milk allergy during their first year of life. Partially hydrolyzed whey formula (pHF-W) have been widely recommended to prevent the development of allergic disease in infants. However, according to epidemiological data, approximately half of the infants developing allergy are not part of the at-risk group.Objectives and Methods: This article aims to review the effects of pHF-W in preventing allergy, especially atopic disease, in all non-breastfed infants, as well as the safety aspect of pHF-W if used as routine formula. The role of pHF-W in the management of functional gastro-intestinal (GI) disorders is also reviewed.Results: Several clinical studies showed that pHF-W decrease the number of infants with eczema. The strongest evidence is provided by the 15-year follow up of the German Infant Nutritional Intervention study which showed reduction in the cumulative incidence of eczema and allergic rhinitis in pHF-W (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.59-0.96 for eczema; OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.47-0.95 for allergic rhinitis) and casein extensively hydrolysed formula group (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.46-0.77 for eczema; OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.41-0.84 for allergic rhinitis), compared to CMF as a control, after 15 years of follow-up. pHF-W was also found to be beneficial in the management of functional GI disorders such as regurgitation, constipation and colic.Conclusions: The use of pHF-W in allergic infants has been recommended in various guidelines across the countries, as a primary prevention of allergic disease. One pHF-W has been approved by the US FDA and the European Commission's European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) for its safety and suitability as a routine infant formula for all healthy infants. According to the data obtained in the management of functional GI disorders, pHF-W is better tolerated than formula with intact protein. Further studies assessing the effect of routine use of pHF-W in a larger population of non-breastfed infants should also be conducted, in order to observe any potential harm and to determine the benefit and cost-effectiveness ratio.
Lindarsih Notowidjojo, Purwantyastuti Ascobat, Saptawati Bardosono, Jana Tjahjana
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 47-52; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0007

Abstract:
Indonesia is one of the largest producers of red seaweed in the world, but there is very little research done on the role of red seaweed in the health sector. This study is about red seaweed type Euchema cottoni and it’s potential as seaweed salt that has lower natrium and rich in other minerals.This research was divided into two phases and conducted from December 2016 to March 2017. The first phase is a safety analysis in terms of metal, mold and bacteria contamination of seaweed from three different places of Indonesia: Saumlaki, Maluku; Nusa Dua, Bali and Flores, Nusa Tenggara Barat. After the seaweed safety was selected, the seaweed was made into powder at Industrial Research and Development Agency (BPPT), Tangerang. The seaweed powder mixed with ordinary salt with four type of concentrations were subjected to a salty sensory test by nine panellists who have been working at the food production at Hospital for at least one year. The second phase was to do acceptance sensory test of the seaweed salt product taste against a concentration that was selected in first phase to first-degree hypertensive subjects aged 25–59 years by using soup as the meal-media. Chi-square test was used to analyse the difference.Seaweed from Saumlaki, Maluku was selected as the safest seaweed due to it’s lowest content of metal, mold and bacterial contaminations. The ratio of seaweed powder to ordinary salt powder 1:1 was selected by nine panellists in salty sensory test. Analysis of minerals from the seaweed salt product found that besides the lower sodium and Iodium content, it’s potassium and magnesium content were much higher than ordinary salt. Salty taste test by 62 respondents with first degree hypertension with age 25-59 years showed no significant difference in saltiness between seaweed salt and ordinary salt.In conclusion, the seaweed salt product with a 1:1 ratio to ordinary salt powder is safe and acceptable to be used as an alternative low Na salt.
Soraya Ningrum Np Nauli, , Luh Ade Wiradnyani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 95-105; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0013

Abstract:
Background: It has been estimated that about 10–20% of adolescents worldwide had experiences of mental health problems. Malnutrition, including overweight and obese, is one of the risk factors for mental health in adolescents. There is a knowledge gap regarding the nutritional status and its correlation with mental health among adolescents who live in boarding schools. This study aimed to determine nutritional status and its correlation with mental health among adolescents in Islamic boarding schools.Methods: A cross-sectional approach was used in this study in which two schools in South Tangerang City of Banten Province were purposively selected and 302 of students aged 15–18 years were completed this study. BMI-for-age Z-scores (BAZ) was used as the nutritional status indicator, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to determine mental health of the subjects. Spearman correlation was used to determine the correlation between nutritional status indicator and mental health score.Results: Nearly 30% of the subjects were overweight and obese, and almost 20% had result of mental health score in categories “borderline” and “abnormal”. There was a significant correlation between nutritional status indicator and mental health score among adolescents in Islamic boarding schools (r=0.157, P=0.006).Conclusion: Adolescents who had higher BAZ, had higher total difficulties scores. The schools and policy makers should give attention to nutritional status of the students since it is correlated with mental health.
Hendra Hendra, Davie Muhamad, Diyah Eka Andayani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 23-29; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0004

Abstract:
Background: Based on the Guideline of European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) in 2013, vitamin C is an additional therapy for burn patients during the resuscitation process and reduce the amount of fluid resuscitation but still needs further evidence. This study aims to find the effect of intravenous vitamin C administration to reduce the fluid requirements during first 24 hours resuscitation in burn patients.Methods: Electronic Literature search were performed in PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus and ProQuest databases. Hand searching was also performed. MesH Term was used in PubMed database searching. All literature obtained was screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.Results: Three articles were selected based on the eligibility criteria. Two Randomized Controlled Trial / RCT studies concluded that intravenous vitamin C administration reduced resuscitation fluid requirements in burn patients. But in the case control study there was no significant difference in resuscitation fluid requirements between the two groups. Other study reported that there were significant differences in resuscitation fluid requirements between the two groups. Both RCT studies did not use the blinding method and explained the side effects of therapy. A case control study reported an increase in cases of acute kidney failure in the vitamin C group compared to control (23% vs 7%) although it was not statistically significant.Conclusions: Intravenous vitamin C can reduce the resuscitation fluid requirements in the first 24 hours in burn patients (grade C recommendation).
Alfi Rahma Putri, , Luh Ade Ari Wiradnyani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 121-130; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0016

Abstract:
Background: Children generally facing food avoidance or food refusal behaviour and it may affect their food consumption. But there is limited information on food avoidance behaviour among Indonesian children. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether energy intake and body weight are influenced by food avoidance behaviour in children aged 2-6 years in North Jakarta.Methods: Participants (N=168) were recruited between February – March 2020. Data collection was obtained via interviews with the mother or caregiver of the children. Food avoidance behaviour consisting of satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, emotional under-eating, and food fussiness was measured with the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. The child’s weight and dietary intake were assessed using a digital weighing scale and 2 x 24 hours food recall. Spearman test was performed to analyse the correlation between these variables. Multivariate analysis was done using linear regression to determine predictors of a child’s body weight and energy intake.Results: Energy intake among children was below the recommendation, and it was significantly correlated with the child’s body weight. Satiety responsiveness was negatively correlated with the child’s body weight (r = -0.166; p-value < 0.05) and energy intake (r = -0.210; p-value < 0.05). After running a linear regression test, we found that satiety responsiveness along with family income and child’s age was a significant predictor of energy intake among children.Conclusions: Children who are more responsive to satiety had lower body weight and energy intake. Understanding the child’s food avoidance behaviour is useful for designing intervention programs related to optimizing intake in children and malnutrition.
Maggie Nathania, Diyah Eka Andayani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 6-14; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0002

Abstract:
Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) management is a challenge that requires a multidisciplinary team approach in achieving optimal clinical output. Nutrition as a component of management plays a vital role in determining the prognosis, both as a predictor of morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition can also occurs as a preceeding situation or complication of ECF caused by the underlying disease, decreased food intake, increased protein requirements associated with systemic inflammation, and increased nutrient loss associated with the amount of fistula output. Thus, nutrition management can act as prevention, therapy, or both. Nutritional medical therapy in ECF cases aims to adequately estimate nutritional needs, maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, and stimulate spontaneous ECF closure whenever possible. To achieve optimal outcome, nutrition needs analysis must be done individually by considering the etiology, anatomical location of the fistula, and the amount of output. In the following article, we will discuss a comprehensive step-by-step nutrition treatment, both from the nutritional routes consideration, macronutrient and micronutrient requirements, specific nutrients, pharmacotherapy, and monitoring and evaluation that need to be done to achieve optimal clinical outcomes.
Intan Meilana, Diyah Eka Andayani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 61-69; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0009

Abstract:
Introduction: Preterm birth (PTB) is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Pregnant women is one of the most vulnerable groups for vitamin D deficiency, that increase the risk of PTB. Vitamin D has the role of immunomodulator, anti-inflammatory, and transcription of genes involved in placental function. Research results on the correlation between vitamin D supplementation and PTB risk are still inconsistent.Objective: To observe the effect of oral vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of PTBMethods: Advanced search for relevant literatures in PubMed, Cochrane, and Willey was conducted. After assessing the relevancy and eligibility, articles were selected and critically appraised.Results: There were three articles that relevant with the eligibility criteria and clinical questions, they were randomized controlled trial, meta-analysis and systematic review. Three studies found that oral vitamin D supplementation in the form of cholecalciferol during pregnancy had a significant reduction on the risk of PTB. A systematic review found that supplementation with combination of cholecalciferol and calcium carbonate may increase the risk of PTB. The different dosages, frequencies, and time of initiation limit the generalizations for efficacy and safety doses.Conclusion: Oral cholecalciferol supplementation during pregnancy reduces the risk of PTB. While supplementation with combination of cholecalciferol and calcium carbonate requires consideration. Further research is needed to find out about the dose, frequency, time of initiation, adverse events and effects of vitamin D when combined with other vitamins and minerals. Keywords: Pregnancy, vitamin D, vitamin D3, cholecalciferol, preterm birth, preterm labor.
Lindarsih Notowidjojo
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 1-5; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0001

Abstract:
Seaweed has long been known and consumed as a functional food and folk medicine, especially in people who live in coastal areas. Research on seaweed has recently increased with the surge need for alternative sources of functional food to deal with health problems related to lifestyle, such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Epidemiology studies have found that population consumed seaweed is on a regular basis have significantly less diet-related diseases.1,2 Even the largest population of old age is in Japan, which consumes the most seaweed in the world.1,3 In countries such as Japan, China, and Korea, approximately 66% of algae species have been used as a daily ingredient in their dishes for many years.
Muzal Kadim
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 80-87; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0011

Abstract:
Celiac disease, a permanent, irreversible but treatable disease is an autoimmune disease triggered by gluten ingestion in genetically predisposed individuals, also known as celiac sprue and gluten sensitive enteropathy. Recent findingsIntestinal inflammation and villous atrophy in small intestines by permanent intolerance to gluten in celiac disesea leads to seveare malabsorption. About 20%-38% patients were basically nutritionally imbalance secondary malabsorption due to mucosal damage. Nutrition plays a very important role in the management of celiac disease. Gluten free diet must be balanced to cover nutrient requirements to prevent deficiencies and ensure children’s health, growth and development.Conclusion Gluten-free diet is the only accepted and available treatment in CD. It was a life-long treatment, if not carried out with attention, it may lead to nutritional imbalance which can affect children’s growth and development
Ayu Diandra Sari, Melyarna Putri, Sheena R. Angelia, Mulianah Daya, Anak Agung Eka Widya Saraswati, Diyah Eka Andayani, Diana Sunardi
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 15-22; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0003

Abstract:
Sepsis has been accounted for various burdens worldwide, especially in critically ill patients. This could eventually lead to inflammatory response, provocation ischemia and lactic acidosis. On the other hand, thiamine was suggested as a coenzyme which could improve the outcome of those patients. Thus, we conducted an evidence-based case study with research on PubMed, ProQuest, and Scopus using a search strategy focusing on RCT or cohort study on thiamine supplementation/level towards the outcome of critically ill patients with sepsis. We found three articles eligible for review after full-text assessment. Articles were appraised using the University of Oxford’s tools for critical appraisal. It was known that all studies were good in terms of validity and applicability. This study showed that thiamine supplementation could improve lactate clearance and reduce mortality risk, moreover, thiamine deficiency could increase the risk of lactate acidosis. However, a high level of thiamine was associated with a high level of lactate in patients with liver failure. Therefore, thiamine supplementation could be recommended for critically ill patients with sepsis and normal liver function. Further research, such as RCT or systematic review on thiamine supplementation for age groups to make this study more applicable.
Nadia Safhira Putri Ananda, Husnah Husnah, Safrizal Rahman
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 113-120; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0015

Abstract:
Background: Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone become weak and brittle characterized with lower bone density and quality causing increased risk of fracture. The elderly is the most common group to be affected and female is more prone compared to male. One of modifiable risk factors of osteoporosis is low body mass index or underweight. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between body mass index and the risk of osteoporosis on Acehnese adult females in RSUDZA.Methods: This was an analytic observational-cross sectional study which was completed at the Internal Medicine and Orthopedic Policlinic at Zainoel Abidin General Hospital Banda Aceh from August 27th to September 13th 2019. The sampling method used was nonprobability sampling with accidental sampling technique. The body mass index was obtained by measuring respondents’ height and weight while the risk of osteoporosis was assessed by measuring OSTA Score.Results: Results showed that most of respondents was aged between 40-45 years old (55.4%) and there are 62 respondents (74.7%) with abnormal body mass index consisted of 9 underweight respondents (10.8%), 11 overweight respondents (13.3%), and 42 obese respondents (50.6%). The risk of osteoporosis was dominantly mild (69.9%). There were 7 underweight respondents (77.8) had moderate risk of osteoporosis while 2 underweight respondents had severe risk (22.2%). Meanwhile, 41 obese respondents had mild risk of osteoporosis (97.6%). Correlation test using Spearman showed p value 0.000 (p < 0.05) and rs = -0,731 which means that there is a strong correlation between body mass index and the risk of osteoporosis.Conclusions: Lower body mass index is directly proportional with higher risk of osteoporosis.
Fitya Safira Birahmatika, , Luh Ade Ari Wiradnyani
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 70-79; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0010

Abstract:
Introduction: Inadequate energy intake was prevalent among women of reproductive age, which may contribute to poor diet. Having great concern towards health and nutrition may play a role in shaping eating habit and food-related behavior to achieve a healthy diet. This study aims to examine the association between health concern and energy intake, while considering other factors such as cooking frequency and having food away from home.Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in an urban slum area in Jakarta, involving 233 mothers of young children through consecutive sampling. Data was collected through interview using structured questionnaire, including 2x24-hour dietary recall. All statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Version 20.Results: Energy intake of most subjects did not meet the recommendation. There was no significant correlation between health concern measured by General Health Interest Scale and energy intake. The frequency of having take-out food was a significant predictor of the energy intake. Additionally, a significant negative correlation between health concern and having take-out food was found.Conclusion: Having take-out food was associated with energy intake. Provision of health and nutrition information in the food stores might help to increase health concern to shape a healthier diet. Thus, a collaborative effort targeting both food sellers and customers is essential.
Jessica Ferdi, Saptawati Bardosono, Bernie Endyarni Medise
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 106-112; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0014

Abstract:
Introduction: Iron is essential for child’s development and growth. Children’s iron requirements are secured from daily food intake that might be affected by Covid-19 pandemic. This study aims to determine iron intake and its relationship with ferritin and hemoglobin levels as indicators of iron status among children in Jakarta.Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kampung Melayu, Jakarta from September to October 2020. Seventy seven healthy children aged 24–36 months were taken using total population sampling method. Interviews were conducted to obtain characteristics data and iron intake using a semi-quantitative-food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Blood tests are performed to check the levels of ferritin (controlled by hs-CRP value), and hemoglobin.Pearson’s/Spearman’s correlation test was performed using SPSS version 20.0. Result: Median of iron intake was 9.6 (1.5–40,7) mg/day, in which 33.8% of subjects was below the Indonesian Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) recommendation. The median ferritin value was 18.1 (1.4–91.1) 𝜇g/L and the hemoglobin was 11.8 (6.6–15.2) g/dL, in which 40.3% and 27.3% subjects with iron insufficient-deficient and anemia, respectively. There were positive correlations between iron intake and ferritin (r = 0.328, p = 0.002) and iron intake and hemoglobin (r = 0.308, p = 0.003). A strong positive correlation was found between ferritin and hemoglobin (r = 0.769, p < 0.001).Conclusion: Iron intake of children aged 24–36 months had a weak positive correlation with ferritin and hemoglobin level. Keywords: children 24–36 months, ferritin, hemoglobin, iron intake, Jakarta
Helena Fabiani, Ninik Mudjihartini, Wiji Lestari
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 30-39; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0005

Abstract:
Every year around the world, the prevalence of obesity is increasing. Obesity and its associated diseases have become some of the most pressing health problems in developed and developing countries. In its development, adipocytes dysfunction and chronic low-grade inflammation occur in obesity will stimulate diseases at higher risk including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), atherosclerosis, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Western diet and sedentary lifestyle are thought to have significantly contributed to the increase in obesity recently. Diet modification is a sound method to prevent obesity and its complications. Nevertheless, the concern lies in the ratio of omega-6 towards omega-3 fatty acids intake, which in its current state indicates an imparity. Omega-3 and omega-6 are two essential fatty acids that emerge as dominant factors in obesity through adiponectin. Adiponectin refers to a protein hormone conceived by adipocytes to prevent obesity and its subsequent complications by increasing insulin sensitivity, fatty acid oxidation, anti-inflammatory, and antiaterogenic. This study aims to determine the mechanism and the role of fatty acids in omega-6 towards those within omega-3 by using adiponectin as the indicator of advancement to obesity and its underlying diseases.
Dwi Lisa Nur'Aini, Ardesy Melizah Kurniati, Moretta Damayanti, Syarif Husin, Joko Marwoto
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 88-94; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0012

Abstract:
Background: Adequate fluid consumption and hydration status of students become a special concern because being dehydrated by just 1%-2% can impair cognitive performance. The objectives of this study were to assess the daily fluid consumption, and analyze the correlation of fluid consumption and other associated factors with hydration status of medical students in Universitas Sriwijaya.Methods: A total of 93 medical students in Universitas Sriwijaya were recruited to complete a 7-day cross-sectional study. Subjects were asked to complete a self-administered 7-day-24-hours fluid record and provide first morning urine sample on the last day. Gender information was collected. Physical activity was evaluated by self-administered long version of IPAQ. Body mass index was calculated using body weight and body height measurement. Urine specific gravity was determined by urinometer. The 7-day-24-hours fluid record and 1-day-24-hours urine specific gravity were calculated and analyzed.Results: Majority of the subjects were well hydrated, while 10.8% were slightly dehydrated, 6.5% were moderately dehydrated and 9.7% were severely dehydrated. The average of daily fluid consumption was 1789.28 (989.3-2930) mL. Coefficient correlation of fluid consumption from beverages with urine specific gravity was -0.651 (p=0.00) by Pearson correlation test. The hydration status showed no association with gender, physical activity and body mass index.Conclusions: Most subjects in this study were well hydrated. A strong association was found between fluid consumption and hydration status. It was feasible to use daily fluid consumption from beverages to predict hydration status.
Livia Kurniati Saputra, Dian Novita Chandra, Ninik Mudjihartini
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 40-46; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0006

Abstract:
Low grade inflammation has been recognized of being involved in the pathogenesis of chronic disease pandemic. Individual lifestyle plays a major role in the development of low grade inflammation. Sedentary workers are at risk of low grade inflammation due to the nature of their work. Dietary habit also contributes to inflammatory status in the body. Dietary fiber intake indirectly affects the immune system. It has been hypothesized that fiber has anti-inflammatory effects, both body weight-related and body weight-unrelated This review will focus more on body weight-unrelated anti-inflammatory effect of fiber, especially through fiber’s fermentation metabolites, the short chain fatty acid (SCFA). Its anti-inflammatory effect can be seen by monitoring a biomarker of inflammation in the body, the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). This review’s objective is to cover the mechanisms and role of dietary fiber intake on serum hsCRP level as a marker of low grade inflammation on sedentary workers.
Saptawati Bardosono, Pittara Pansawira
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 131-138; doi:10.25220/wnj.v05.i1.0017

Abstract:
As a developing country, Indonesia is still burdened with high prevalence of child malnutrition including those in primary school. One of the main factors affecting nutritional status of children is snack consumption in school. School snacks are expected to be able to contribute to nutritional requirements. This narrative review is written to collect information and knowledge regarding nutritional status, nutritional requirements, factors determining nutritional status of primary school children and, lastly, recommended school snacks. This review also acts as a basic information for school snacks program establishment.
Abdolreza Norouzy
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0006

Abstract:
Diagnosis and treatment of malnutrition should be considered in the management of COVID-19 patients to improve both short- and long-term prognosis. Patients at risk for poor outcomes and higher mortality following infection with COVID-19, namely older adults and polymorbid individuals, should be checked for malnutrition through screening and assessment.
Salsabila Yasmine Dyahputri, Rini Sekartini
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0029

Abstract:
Background: Short stature is a growth problem that are commonly found in developing countries. In Indonesia, the prevalence of primary school-aged children with short stature reaches 23.6% in 2018. Short stature in children is associated with psychosocial problems that are thought to be related to abuse, stigmatization, and social isolation faced by children. However, previous studies discussing this topic had mixed results and the number of studies has not been adequate.Objective: This study aimed to look for the relationship between short stature and psychosocial problems in primary school-aged children.Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used in primary school-aged children at SDN 01 Kampung Melayu. The study was conducted by comparing groups of children’s height and screening results for psychosocial problems using the PSC-17 questionnaire, which assesses three subscales of behavioral problems (internalizing, externalizing, and attention).Results: The prevalence of short statured children in SDN 01 Kampung Melayu reached 15.28%. The prevalence of children with psychosocial problems is 18.12% and the prevalence of short statured children with psychosocial problems is 22.73%. Analysis of association between short stature and psychosocial problems showed no statistically significant relationship, for general psychosocial problems (p=0.268), internalization subscale (p=0.532), externalization (p=0.400), attention (p=0.414), and PSC-17 total score (p=0.614).Conclusion: No significant relationship was found between short stature and psychosocial problems in primary school-aged children.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 32-33; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0022

Abstract:
There are no miracle foods or diets that can prevent or cure COVID-19. People are in an anxiety about COVID-19 that makes people more willing to try anything. In fact, to keep people healthy during the COVID-19 pandemic are eat a balanced and varied diet, establish a routine and practice mindful eating, keep hydrated, practice safe food hygiene, stay active at home, get enough quality sleep and last but not least get information from trustworthy source.
Diana Sunardi
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 26-27; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0018

Abstract:
There are many incorrect perceptions in public as well, and we have to educate people to be more aware about what they buy and drink for their daily fluid intake, also to believe information only from the trusted source.
Rachmad Wishnu Hidayat
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0023

Abstract:
The variation of exercise is important to avoid feeling bored and to keep the exercise motivation high. Although current condition is considered to be new normal with high number of new cases, it is recommend to exercise safely on location considered as low risk (e.g at home).
Imelda Angeles- Agdeppa
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 35-36; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0024

Abstract:
The key to sustaining a good immune system is to consume nutrient-dense food at the right quantity to prevent nutritional deficiencies. Nourishing our body play a vital role to prevent, fight, and recover from infections
Luciana Budiati Sutanto
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0025

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to compare Electrolux refrigerator brand in maintaining freshness and antioxidant-nutrient contents of selected vegetables and fruit during the period of three weeks compare to other brands (B®, C® and D®).
Ratih Prajnaparamita Anggraeni
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 28-29; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0019

Abstract:
In Indonesia, although the total recycling rate of plastic below 10%; PET bottle is still categorized as has a high recycling rate (above 50%).4 And since not all plastic are the same, such reference is crucial to define what kind of plastic material can be chosen and what type of product that can use the post-recycling materials.
Muhammad Prasetio Wardoyo, Bernie Endyarni Medise
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0030

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Overweight nutritional status in adolescents becomes a health problem that continues to require attention. Not only because of its rapidly increasing prevalence, but also its various adverse effects on adolescent health, especially on the quality of sleep. Sleep quality decrease in adolescents can impact their daily performance, especially in learning. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of overweight nutritional status with sleep quality in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in South Jakarta.Method: This cross-sectional design study was done in two public senior high schools in the South Jakarta. A total of 186 students from classes of 2015, 2016, and 2017 with age between 16-18 years old underwent weight and height measurements, determination of BMI and nutritional status using the CDC BMI-for-age chart, as well as filling the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire to assess the quality of sleep.Results: The prevalence of overweight was found by 20.43% (14.52% categorized as overweight, 5.91% categorized as obese) with a median value of the questionnaire 40.00 (23.00 to 58.00). Mann-Whitney test found that the p value for the mean difference of the questionnaire's total score to excess weight is 0.783.Conclusion: There was no correlation between the quality of sleep to excess weight in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in South Jakarta.
Dania Mirza Ramadhanty, Bernie Endyarni Medise
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0033

Abstract:
Objective. Overweight is one of the health problems that often occur in children and adolescents throughout the world, both in developed and developing countries. Study results in USA showed yearly increase of overweight prevalence in children aged 2–19 years old. In addition, based on the results by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009–2010 in United States, the highest percentage of overweight and obesity by age group was found at 12–19 years old (33.6%). Basic Health Research/Riskesdas’s data in 2013 showed the prevalence of overweight in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in Indonesia reached the highest value of 11.5%. Moreover, most teenagers see their body images as a match between self’s and others’ ideal perception. Teenagers with positive body image tend to be more confident and also easier to get along with other people, especially their peers. In this study, researcher aimed to investigate the relationship between teenagers who have excess body weight with body image, whether it had positive or negative impact.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Data collection was done from December 2017 to January 2018. Data collected were anthropometric measurements (weight and height) and the King College London Body Image Questionnaire's filled by participants. From 400 subjects who filled the questionnaires, a total of 350 participants matched the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. Chi square test was done as data analysis.Results: Chi-square analysis for excess body weight status in relation to body image scores showed no relationship (p=1,000).Conclusions: There was no significant relationship between excessive body weight and body image.
Jonathan Asprer
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 11-12; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0008

Abstract:
The nutritional consequences of COVID-19 infection must be recognized by health care professionals (HCPs) who are frontliners in the fight against COVID-19. At the time of admission, patients are likely to be suffering from some degree of malnutrition, and early nutritional assessment and care planning should be integrated into the overall therapeutic strategy, along with control of the viral infection, from supportive measures for mild to moderate illness, to the full range of respiratory, hemodynamic, and relevant organ support in critical illness in ICU. There are guidelines (international and local) on nutrition in Covid-19 patients and these should be adapted for various local settings. An algorithmic approach will be presented to cover key issues for optimizing the nutrition management of COVID-19 patients from admission, to the ward, or to ICU, and thence on to discharge.
Rini Sekartini
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0016

Abstract:
The impact of iron deficiency to children’s growth and development already starts since non-anemic iron deficiency phase. Impact of iron deficiency to school-aged children including decreased cognitive function, behavior problems, increased risk of infections, and stunting.
Widjaja Lukito
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0017

Abstract:
Iron nutrition plays important roles in human health. In many developing countries, iron deficiency, caused by many factors, prevails. One well-documented clinical form of iron deficiency is iron-deficiency anemia (IDA).
Andi Faradilah, Andi Musafir Rusyaidi
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0034

Abstract:
Background and objectives: Breastfeeding is an intimate moment between mother and children. Studies had shown the effectiveness of breastfeeding to stimulate cognitive function of children including their language development. We hypothesize the longer duration of breastfeeding the higher language ability of children. This study aimed to examine the association between breastfeeding duration and LDS score of children aged 18-35 months old. Our primary outcomes were LDS-vocabulary score and LDS-phrase score. Methods: This cross sectional study was performed in 261 breastfeeding mothers with children aged 18-35 months old. A mother whose children diagnosed with delayed growth was excluded from the study. Data of breastfeeding duration (BF) and subjects’ characteristics were obtained through a questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI) of mother and weight-per age of children were collected for nutritional status. We applied language development survey (LDS) checklist form to assess vocabulary and phrase ability of the children. Statistical modelling was calculated by multiple logistic regression.Results: Prevalence of severe undernourished was highest in BF group 7-18 months vs 6 months vs >18 months old (13% vs 2% vs 4.6%, respectively). Neither LDS vocabulary nor LDS phase score have association with breastfeeding duration (p=0.973 and 0.937, respectively). Mother age, socioeconomic status, and siblingship might contribute to the association between BF duration and children language development (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.25-1.61; OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.11-1.59, respectively).Conclusion: Breastfeeding duration is not a risk factor for delayed of children language development. This observation merits further investigation to explain the relationship between duration of breastfeeding and children language development with prospective approach.
Santiago Herrero
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 2-3; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0002

Abstract:
The presentation of ethical guidelines by various scientific societies during the scenario of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain is surprising when evidencing proposals for treatment and support due to "age ranges" that could be ethically unfair or at least not clearly understandable for the older group, unlike other guides such as the American and European Society for Critical Care and Intensive Medicine. Terms such as distributive justice, prioritization without paternalistic interference, introduction of strategies that maximize survival to hospital discharge, and the number of years of life saved are discussed during the presentation.The aim of this presentation is to clarify different ethical aspects about the elderly patients in the time of being admitted in the ICU during COVID-19 scenario.
Juwalita Surapsari
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0012

Abstract:
Nutrition invariably influence the immune system competence and determine the severity of infection. The macro-, micronutrients, and phytonutrients in diet, mainly the fruits and colorful vegetables, generally promote healthy immune response. Thus the adequation of macro- and micronutrient status is an important measure for COVID-19 management to prevent further deterioration.
Santiago Herrero
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 5-6; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0004

Abstract:
Anyone is at risk of contracting COVID-19 if exposed to the virus. Some people are more likely to become seriously ill than others, which means they may need hospitalization, intensive care, or respiratory support (respirator mask, high flow oxygen therapy, ventilators, etc.), and some may even die, mainly by severe respiratory failure. Those patients with asthma (moderate to severe), cardiovascular disease, cystic fibrosis, hypertension, immunosuppression, liver disease, pregnancy, smoker, thalassemia and diabetes (especially type 1) have a higher risk of getting sick and suffering the disease with more virulence and potential mortality. The older people are in risk because the chronical diseases and comorbidities are associate with the aging.This presentation aims to explain the mechanisms of infection and inflammation by the coronavirus in order to act primarily on them. If you know your enemy well, you can treat it from an etiopathogenic perspective.
Dina Keumala Sari, Liza Meutia Sari, Lidya Imelda Laksmi
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0027

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Examination of serum 25(OH)D levels of vitamin D in the body circulation illustrates the level of circulating vitamin D, while serum 1.25(OH)D is used to describe vitamin D activity. Several studies have shown that there is a non-invasive test that can be done to check vitamin D levels, namely through salivary levels. This study aims to determine the ratio between serum 25(OH)D and 1.25(OH)D serum levels and to compare the levels in saliva.Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study that included 36 healthy people, male and female, aged 18-35 years old, living in Medan, North Sumatra. The tests performed were levels of 25(OH)D, 1.25(OH)D in serum and saliva.Results: The mean serum 25 (OH) D level was 17.22±4.37 ng/mL and the 25(OH)D saliva level was 3.46 ng/mL for the minimum value and 51.0 ng/mL for the maximum value (median: 6.01 ng/mL). The results showed a relationship between 25(OH)D saliva and serum 25(OH)D levels (p=0.04). There was no relationship between the levels of 1.25(OH)D in saliva and serum 1.25(OH)D.Conclusion: There was a relationship between 25(OH)D saliva and 25(OHD) serum levels in healthy people. Salivary 25(OH)D levels can be used as a non-invasive laboratory test compared to serum 25(OH)D levels.
Aman B Pulungan
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 9-10; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0007

Abstract:
This global pandemic negatively affects many aspects of children and adolescent health in Indonesia, including our journey in achieving SDGs. Even before the pandemic, our country is not yet on the right track in our SDGs journey with no national comprehensive programs. If we do not urgently address the problems in our nation’s health system, the COVID-19 pandemic can be detrimental to our SDGs progress.
Aris Wibudi
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 21-23; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0015

Abstract:
Micronutrients such as vitamins, minerals and trace elements influence various metabolic processes that are directly associated with immune functions, especially vitamin C and D. The adequacy of vitamin C in leukocytes plays a major role in the success of immune response, both innate and adaptive. The highest vitamin C concentrations were found in lymphocytes, monocytes, platelets and neutrophils respectively.
Marie Christabelle, Bernie Endyarni Medise
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0026

Abstract:
Objective: In different parts of the world, Indonesia included, overweight and obese people are seen to have worse performance compared to their healthy counterparts. Although there were research that had been done to observe the relationship between overweight, obesity, and academic performance, the results obtained were still divided into significantly and non-significantly related.Methods: A cross-sectional study was done to 373 students from two different schools in South Jakarta on December 2017–January 2018. Data was obtained by measuring height and weight of the participant to get his/her nutritional status and the average of participant’s odd semester Continual Assessment and Semestral Assessment of Academic Year 2017/2018 to see if the result was higher or equal to the passing grade.Results: Data analysis with chi square test shows that there was no significant relationship between overweight, obesity, and academic performance (p = 0.452 for Indonesian Language and p = 0.476 for Mathematics) although overweight and obese students tend to have better performance in some exam.Conclusion: The events that lead to overweight, obesity, and one’s academic performance are all multifactorial that the relationship between the two is difficult to be determined.
Niken Puruhita
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0003

Abstract:
This presentation is aimed to describe several guidelines available indicating nutritional therapy in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Data from our ICU in dr. Kariadi General Hospital will be presented.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0021

Abstract:
The quality of protein and amino acids of soya is being used as soy protein-based formulas in infant feeding to provide nutrition for normal growth and development. There are few indications for their use in place of cow milk-based formula, although it has no advantage over cow milk protein based formula beyond those indications.
Ari Fahrial Syam
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 16-17; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0011

Abstract:
Currently, there are no clinically specific drug for COVID-19, neither novel treatments nor vaccines. Hospitals and researchers over the world are testing many different therapies on coronavirus-positive patients in an effort to find a potential COVID-19 treatment, a few medications that have been making a buzz in the science community such as remdesivir, hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine, favipiravir, oseltamifir, lopinavir/ritonavir, azithromycin, plasma convalescent, dexamethasone and stem cell.
Hannisa Rizka Setiawati, Rini Sekartini
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0028

Abstract:
Background: In Indonesia, an estimated 23.6% of children aged 5-12 years old are short statured, therefore short stature is made one of the health priorities. Children with short stature are associated with low cognitive levels, so that it will have an impact on quality of life.Methods: This research was conducted in a cross-sectional study at SDN 01 Kampung Melayu, Jakarta, Indonesia. Subjects are children with short stature aged 6-12 years old. Data was taken by measuring height according to age with the curve used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - National Center for Health Statistics (CDC-NCHS) and total value from cognitive assessment using the Cognitive Test Battery for Individuals with and without Intellectual Disabilities (CIID) instrument. This research was conducted aiming to assess cognitive in primary school children with short stature.Results: There were 64 children with short stature in SDN 01 Kampung Melayu with CIID test results for Total Score obtained in the range of 5-26, with mean and standard deviations 13.59 ± 4.54. Non Verbal Score was obtained in the range 7-39, with mean and standard deviations 21.94 ± 7.51. Hopkins Verbal Learning Test obtained range 6-31, with mean and standard deviations 19.36 ± 5.90. Verbal Fluency is obtained in the range of 5-26, with mean and standard deviations 13.59 ± 4.54. Compared with previous studies, subjects with short stature have values similar to those of children with normal stature. No significant difference was found between short stature children with underweight nutritional status and short stature children with normal nutritional status, with p=0.369.Conclusion: There were 64 children with short stature and the total score ranging from 5-26, with mean and standard deviations 13.59 ± 4.54
Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0013

Abstract:
Presentation will discuss important points related to vitamin D during the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia.
Dian Permatasari
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0001

Abstract:
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted all aspects of our population. Ethical dilemmas related to the care of patients in the COVID-19 pandemic need to be rapidly addressed by multidisciplinary bioethics committees, with the development of policies and procedures to assist providers in making difficult allocation decisions. Recent ethical considerations regarding allocation of scarce resources, such as mechanical ventilators, have been proposed. These can apply to other disciplines such as nutrition support, although decisions regarding nutrition support have a diminished potential for devastating outcomes. The nutrition support professionals are pivotal in assessing the patient’s overall condition and need for, if any, nutrition interventions.
Dian Novita Chandra
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0005

Abstract:
Diarrhea in children, especially if it recurs or persistent, can have an impact on the nutritional status of the child and lead to stunting. Apart from that, diarrhea also has an impact on children's cognitive in the future, regardless of their nutritional status.
Geo Vanda, Ardesy Melizah Kurniati, Tri Suciati, Irfannudin Irfannudin, Susilawati Susilawati
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0032

Abstract:
Background: Obesity is one of DM risk factors. Nutritional status can be measured by anthropometric measurements. One of them is body mass index (BMI). Other anthropometric measurements are neck, wrist and calf circumference. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of the neck, wrist and calf circumference with the body mass index of type 2 DM patients in Puskesmas (public health center) Sako Palembang.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the sample were male or female outpatients aged> 19 years old who had type 2 DM patients at Palembang Sako and/or members of Program Pengelolaan Penyakit Kronis (PROLANIS) affected by type 2 DM. Pregnant or breastfeeding women were excluded. Data were obtained through direct measurements, which were then analyzed using Pearson test and linear regression test.Results: A total 44 patients with type 2 diabetes, consisting of 22 males and 22 females participated. There was significant correlation between male’s (p
Ardesy Melizah Kurniati, Moretta Damayanti, Nur Mahmudah
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0031

Abstract:
Background: Adequate fluid consumption and hydration status of students become a special concern because being dehydrated by just 1%-2% can impair cognitive performance. The objectives of this study were to assess the daily fluid consumption, and analyze the correlation of fluid consumption and other associated factors with hydration status of medical students in Universitas Sriwijaya.Methods: A total of 93 medical students in Universitas Sriwijaya were recruited to complete a 7-day cross-sectional study. Subjects were asked to complete a self-administered 7-day-24-hours fluid record and provide first morning urine sample on the last day. Gender information was collected. Physical activity was evaluated by self-administered long version of IPAQ. Body mass index was calculated using body weight and body height measurement. Urine specific gravity was determined by urinometer. The 7-day-24-hours fluid record and 1-day-24-hours urine specific gravity were calculated and analyzed.Results: Majority of the subjects were well hydrated, while 10.8% were slightly hydrated, 6.5% were moderately hydrated and 9.7% were severely dehydrated. The average of daily fluid consumption was 1789.28 (989.3-2930) mL. Coefficient correlation of fluid consumption from beverages with urine specific gravity was -0.651 (p=0.00) by Pearson correlation test. The hydration status showed no association with gender, physical activity and body mass index.Conclusions: Most subjects in this study were well hydrated. A strong association was found between fluid consumption and hydration status. It was feasible to use daily fluid consumption from beverages to predict hydration status.
Marek Nalos
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4, pp 14-15; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0010

Abstract:
Using ultrasonography to help diagnose, risk stratify and treat patients suffering from COVID-19 disease is therefore intuitive and imperative.
Made Astawan
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0020

Abstract:
Soy protein isolate (SPI) is obtained by extracting the soluble protein and removing non-protein material such as fat and carbohydrates. Because of this process, it has a neutral flavor and cause less flatulence than soy flours. Furthermore, SPI has higher Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS) compared to soymilk, which is 100% and 92.6% respectively.
Naomi Nakayama
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 4; doi:10.25220/wnj.v04.s3.0014

Abstract:
I would like to be focused on not only protein and vitamin D intake but several nutrients which is considered to be important for health of the elderly in this difficult social condition.
Page of 3
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top