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, Sri Tuntung Pandangwati
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 91-104; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i2.1035

Abstract:
Leadership has an expansive meaning because it is a field study that comprises several different dimensions such as psychology, management, organization, and politics. On the other hand, the study of leadership’s role on urban development issues is still relatively scarce, especially in developing countries. The literature shows that local governments under the mayor as the highest-ranking position of municipal prioritise urban development is very much a function of socio-cultural norms and leadership styles. Therefore, mayoral leadership is vital regarding local government interventions to promote urban beautification in Indonesia. It is undeniable that leadership is a significant aspect of urban governance. Taking a case study in Surabaya, evidence shows that leadership plays important roles in urban governance, especially in facilitating and advising processes. Drawing on analysis of relevant documents, literature, and interviews with key decision-makers in Surabaya, the findings indicate that the quality of mayoral leadership has played a vital role in enhancing the beautification of urban form in Surabaya as a result of the urban design process. The mechanisms underlying this role include that the mayor has a sound understanding of the urban design and has been able to intervene to insist on good urban design as policy and has the standing to approach officials and community members on the urban beautification process. The quality of mayoral leadership has played a vital role in shaping the better urban beautification of Surabaya. A Mayor who has a wide-ranging grasp of urban design has advantages for the local government.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 64-76; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.914

Abstract:
Jalan Surabaya telah terkenal sebagai kawasan distrik penjualan arloji sekaligus kawasan hunian pecinan yang pada masa Belanda disebut dengan nama Canton Straat. Seiring dengan perkembangan jaman kawasan ruas Jalan Surabaya mengalami degradasi kualitas visual dengan nilai historis yang melekat padanya. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menghasilkan konsep revitalisasi kawasan bersejarah Jalan Surabaya dengan pendekatan retrofitting. Dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif, tahapan penelitian dimulai dengan melakukan analisis terhadap berbagai aspek dari kawasan, meliputi fisik, sosial, ekonomi dan budaya. Tiga strategi utama retrofitting digunakan untuk menghasilam model revitalisasi kawasan. Hasilnya penelitian menunjukkan bahwa revitalisasi kawasan Jalan Surabaya dapat ditempuh dengan cara pembangunan gerbang pecinan, ruang terbuka publik dan prasarana angkutan umum; signage, area parkir dan penataan pedestrian; serta konservasi bangunan bersejarah. Agar model revitalisasi dapat diterapkan maka akan membutuhkan dukungan semua pihak, termasuk partisipasi masyarakat setempat.
Josephine Roosandriantini
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 40-49; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.898

Abstract:
Arsitektur nusantara yang merupakan hasil ide kreatif dari masyarakat Nusantara, yang cenderung diciptakan hanya dengan material dan peralatan sederhana. Akan tetapi arsitektur nusantara yang hadir dengan identitas kekunoannya, bukan berarti tidak memiliki nilai kreativitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi penerapan teori "Guna dan Citra" dari Mangunwijaya dalam memandang wujud kreativitas dalam arsitekur nusantara. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui berbagai kajian literatur untuk menarik kesimpulan tentang bagaimana Teori "Guna dan Citra" diterapkan di Arsitektur Nusantara. Dua objek arsitekur Tradisional, yakni bangunan Tongkonan di Toraja dan Mamasa, serta arsitektur Batak Toba dipilih sebagai objek kajian. Hasil kajian memperlihatkan bahwa penerapan aspek Guna terletak pada pada detail arsitektural konstruksi, tampilan atap dan material yang berkaitan dengan fungsi. Sedangkan penerapan Citra terletak pada penggambaran makna yang dikaitkan kepada penyelesaian bangunan. Selain itu kajian ini semakin menguatkan fakta bahwa Arsitektur Nusantara merupakan hasil ide kreatif masyarakatnya dalam beradaptasi dengan kondisi geogfrafis dan iklim.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 50-63; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.800

Abstract:
Perguruan Tinggi memiliki peran yang penting dalam mewujudkan masa depan kota yang berkelanjutan. Konsep Eco-Campus telah dicanangkan oleh Pemerintah Kota Surabaya melalui Badan Lingkungan Hidup (BLH). Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH) telah menjadi indikator kunci di dalam penataan ruang berbasis Eco-Campus. Seiring dengan meningkatnya jumlah pembangunan infrastruktur fisik, keberadaan Ruang Terbuka Hijau juga telah mulai berkurang dan beralih fungsi. Penelitian in bertujuan mengevaluasi komposisi Ruang Terbuka Hijau di lingkungan Institusi pendidikan tinggi dalam konteks ecocampus. Penelitian ini mengambil tempat di kampus UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya yang juga telah menyandang gelar Ecocampus. Dengan menggunakan metode kuantitatif, empatbelas variabel dijadikan indikator evaluasi untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa kampus UIN Sunan Ampel memiliki komposisi ruang terbuka sebesar enampuluh lima persen, yang terdiri dari tujuh persen Ruang Terbuka Hijau dan lima puluh enam persen Ruang Terbuka Non-hijau. Untuk menunjang performa eco campus nya, maka pihak kampus dapat mempertimbangkan penerapan vertical landscaping.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 21-30; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.902

Abstract:
Heritage and cultural tourism are part of the tourism industry that must be maintained sustainability. Therefore heritage tourism destinations must be able to carry a “sense of place” as its focus. A sense of place is essential in attracting tourists to visit heritage sites for a long time. This article aims to assess the relationship between the Sense of Place between tourists, both domestic and international, and the length of stay in the Kota Bharu Cultural Heritage Zone. A total of 445 tourists participated as respondents by filling out a questionnaire survey. At the same time, data analysis was carried out using One way ANOVA. The results showed that the Sense of Place in the Kota Bharu Cultural Heritage Area affects the length of stay of tourists with eight correlated scales. Those eight scales are authenticity, historical value, distinction, harmony, maintainability, and cleanliness. This study also finds several important implications for local governments and tourism practitioners in maintaining the economic and social attributes of a tourism destination. This study is expected to serve as the basis for future studies related to the design of urban areas and other heritage tourism sites.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 31-39; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.806

Abstract:
Masjid Tuha Ulee Kareng adalah salah satu masjid tradisional tertua di Aceh yang masih difungsikan hingga saat ini. Namun bangunan ini masih menyimpan berbagai permasalahan diantaranya adalah fungsi bangunan yang tidak berfungsi maksimal, tidak terawatnya struktur dan material bangunan, serta kurangnya pengetahuan masyarakat tentang keberadaan arsitektur masjid ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi unsur kearifan lokal pada bangunan masjid Tuha Ulee Kareng, terutama pada komponen struktur dan ornamennya yang telah menjadi ciri khas Aceh di masa lampau. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan melakukan observasi lapangan dan wawancara semi-terstruktur terhadap 15 informan kunci. Hasil penelusuran menunjukkan keunikan masjid terlihat pada bagian atap yang memiliki dua tingkatan. Struktur dan konstruksi bangunan masjid masih dalam kondisi asli dengan bahan material kayu. Berbagai ukiran ornamen yang menghiasi kontruksi kayu tidak hanya sebagai perwujudan ekspresi seni, namun menyiratkan makna hubungan manusia dengan Tuhan penciptanya. Hal tersebut diterjemahkan sebagai bentuk kearifan lokal pada bangunan Masjid Tuha Ulee Kareng
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 1-10; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.894

Abstract:
The study has tried to answer the question of how the dominant discourse in the city tries to create meanings and forms an interpretation by using signs and symbols. Accordingly, common semiotics of Dur Untash city has been investigated. In three steps, including preparation, organization, and final report or conclusion, a content analysis method has been done. First, deconstruction views of reading place are explained and how an interpretation discourse is formed. Then we investigated some standard semantic features of Dur Untash city and an image of some familiar ideas and signs is projected. Finally, a bipolar semantic interpretation of these signs and images is presented. The dominant discourse of the city has wanted to catch a meaning, but none of its symbols and characters has such a valid capacity and authority. Therefore, the dominant discourses could not conjure spatial features controlled by meaning-making
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 6, pp 9-20; doi:10.29080/eija.v6i1.684

Abstract:
Preferensi merupakan pilihan terhadap sesuatu objek yang mencerminkan persepsi dan sikap individu. Persepsi dan sikap ini cenderung konstan sehingga terdapat kemungkinan kemiripan dalam preferensi individu terhadap pakaian dan rumah rumah tinggal. Penelitian ini merupakan studi awal untuk mengeksplorasi hubungan persamaan antara fashion dan arsitektur dari sudut pandang preferensi pakaian dan rumah tinggal. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat eksploratif dengan pendekatan grounded theory. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner daring dengan metode non-random sampling. Data teks yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan analisis isi (open coding). Hasilnya telah mengungkap kemiripan berbagai faktor yang menjadi pertimbangan dalam memilih pakaian dan rumah tinggal. Hasil studi juga telah berhasil mengidentifikasi delapan kategori faktor, yaitu citra, kenyamanan, suasana hati, materialitas, kebersihan, ekonomi, kemudahan, dan fungsi, serta berbagai kata kunci baru yang mempengaruhi preferensi individu terhadap pakaian dan rumah tinggal.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 75-79; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i2.879

Abstract:
Fasad telah menjadi elemen utama dalam pembentukan karakter visual dalam sebuah kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta. Namun untuk memperbaiki kualitas visual kawasan bersejarah, yang penuh dengan bangunan yang dikonservasi, merubah fasad adalah satu hal yang tidak diizinkan. Ruang publik menjadi alternatif utama dalam memperbaiki kualitas visual kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi elemen fisik yang memiliki pengaruh terhadap pembentukan visual kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta Data dikumpulkan dengan dengan kuesioner terhadap 10 orang responden Dengan menggunakan uji regresi, hubungan antar variabel diuji untuk menyelediki pengaruhnya antar variabel, dan dianalisis dengan pendekatan post positivistic realistic. Hasilnya menunjukkan ruang publik yang berpengaruh terhadap kualitas visual Kota Tua Jakarta adalah empat elemen dengan bentukan linier; termasuk diantaranya jalan-jalan, kali, dan jalur pedestrian; serta satu elemen berbentuk persegi (ruang bersama)
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 69-74; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i2.694

Abstract:
Lingkungan kerja memiliki pengaruh yang cukup besar terhadap motivasi, kinerja, dan kebetahan seseorang di ruangan kerja. Hal tersebut akan mempengaruhi keinginan seseorang untuk berpindah ke tempat yang lebih baik menurut orang tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara faktor-faktor ketidaknyamanan lingkungan kerja dengan keinginan untuk pindah ruang kerja berdasarkan persepsi responden yang bekerja di ruangan tertutup. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan pendekatan grounded theory. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner daring yang dibagikan secara bebas (non-random sampling). Hasil analisis korespondensi menunjukkan lima kategori ketidaknyamanan utama yang sangat berpengaruh terhadap kebetahan seseorang di ruangan kerja yaitu faktor kondisi termal tidak nyaman, interior ruang yang tidak baik, suasana kerja yang tidak mendukung, fasilitas dalam ruang yang kurang mendukung, dan pencahayaan ruang yang tidak sesuai. Diantara lima kategori utama tersebut, ketidaknyamanan termal merupakan faktor yang paling memiliki korespondensi dengan keinginan pindah ruang kerja. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat tiga kelompok faktor yang mewakili ketidaknyamanan kerja yaitu: faktor yang sangat berpengaruh, cenderung berpengaruh dan kurang berpengaruh terhadap ketidakbetahan individu terhadap lingkungan kerja mereka.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 61-68; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i2.850

Abstract:
Peran ulama sangat besar bagi masyarakat Kalimantan Selatan, tak hanya dalam aspek tatanan sosial kemasyarakatan tetapi juga dalam pembentukan cikal bakal permukiman Muslim. Penelitian ini mencoba mengidentifikasi pola perkembangan permukiman Sekumpul akibat aktivitas syiar KH Muhammad Zaini Abdul Ghani, serta identifikasi perubahan fungsi kawasannya berikut penerapan konsep Islam dalam penataan wilayah Sekumpul. Gambaran perkembangan deliniasi kawasan didapatkan melalui bantuan Google Earth dan Badan Informasi Geospasial Republik Indonesia, didukung dengan wawancara terstruktur terhadap narasumber kunci dengan menggunakan teknik snowball sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekspresi perkembangan deliniasi spasial di kawasan Sekumpul berjalan natural dan mengadaptasi pola gurita dengan unsur jaringan jalan sebagai faktor dominannya. Dalam periode tahun 1990-an hingga saat ini kawasan Sekumpul telah tiga kali mengalami perubahan fungsi kawasan mulai dari fungsi pusat dakwah, fungsi hunian hingga fungsi ekonomi dengan konsep Religious tourismnya. Tidak ditemukan panduan spesifik terkait teknis pengembangan wilayah dalam materi kajian Majelis Arraudah, hanya pesan penting yang disampaikan oleh KH Muhammad Zaini Abdul Ghani adalah untuk memuliakan tamu. Konsep inilah yang menjadi pegangan warga Sekumpul Martapura dalam mengembangkan sarana fasilitas dan infrastruktur kawasan permukimannya
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 52-60; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i2.779

Abstract:
Kelas kreatif merupakan orang-orang yang menggunakan pemikiran kreatifnya untuk memecahkan permasalahan melalui inovasi-inovasi. Aktivitas kelas kreatif memicu kebutuhan akan ruang yang dapat mengakomodasi kegiatan mereka. Kota Bandung adalah salah satu contoh kota kreatif sehingga memiliki banyak ruang kreatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan memetakan tipe-tipe ruang kreatif di Kota Bandung beserta hubungan dengan konteksnya melalui tiga studi kasus yakni Kompleks Gudang Selatan, Lo.Ka.Si Coffee & Space, dan Bandung Creative Hub. Pemetaan ruang kreatif dilakukan melalui penilaian kuantitatif dan penilaian kualitatif melalui observasi dan wawancara pengelola serta pengguna. Sedangkan, studi mengenai konteks kasus dilakukan lewat wawancara dan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketiga kasus tersebut merupakan ruang kreatif yang didominasi oleh ruang presentasi. Hal ini banyak didukung oleh faktor-faktor pada aspek kelembagaan. Selain itu, ditemukan bahwa industri kreatif di Bandung masih berorientasi pada kegiatan presentasi.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 46-51; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i2.681

Abstract:
The fishing settlements in Karama Village have different characteristics from other settlements, because this village still maintains Mandar culture in terms of physical and non-physical aspects such as weaving lipa 'saqbe activities, fisherman cultural rituals, sandeq races, and other cultural rituals that are carried out every year. But as its development, its existence can experience a shift. This condition can occur with the presence of other cultures both intentionally or unconsciously influenced by the economic activities of the community. This study aims to identify shifts in the cultural value of the community in Karama Village, especially in the aspect of community economic activity, through stages of identifying land-use change; analyzing it changes in Karama Village due to community economic activities; formulating an analysis of policy implications for dealing with land-use change problems in Karama Village. The results of the study indicate a change in governance and land-use change in Karama Village, with seventy-four percent of buildings changing their function from residential to trade and industry, eighteen percent of buildings experienced an increase in building area due to community economic activities. Meanwhile, twenty-eight percent of buildings do not increase their building area but use their public land for economic activities Those change has significant implications for socio-economic activities that are specifically in the cultural element that is related to the economic system or livelihoods
Fairuz Nabilah,
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 41-45; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i1.542

Abstract:
Parkir di bahu jalan merupakan cara parkir yang praktis dan dilakukan hampir di semua kota. Tetapi, cara tersebut dapat menimbulkan ketidaktertiban, kemacetan, pungutan liar, dan permasalahan lainnya. Sebagian pemerintah daerah mulai memperkenalkan penggunaan mesin parkir elektronik. Tujuan dilakukannya penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dimensi persepsi masyarakat terhadap penggunaan mesin parkir elektronik. Data dikumpulkan dengan survei daring dan dianalisis menggunakan analisis korespondensi, analisis faktor, dan anova. Hasil analisis menunjukkan hampir semua responden baik yang pernah dan belum pernah menggunakan mesin parkir elektronik, cenderung antusias ingin memakai mesin tersebut. Dari hasil analisis terungkap tiga dimensi persepsi penggunaan mesin parkir yaitu Keamanan dan Ketertiban, Pemanfaatan Teknologi, dan Kejelasan Tarif. Responden yang setuju pada penggunaan mesin parkir elektronik cenderung memiliki persepsi positif terhadap tiga dimensi tersebut. Responden yang tidak setuju cenderung memiliki persepsi negatif terhadap tiga dimensi tersebut.
, , Muhammad Faqih
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 32-40; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i1.656

Abstract:
Sense of place is closely related to the level of community participation and sustainability development. In this paper, the context of environment is tourism kampung. Tourism kampung has a dynamic activities and cultural values both tangible and intangible. The development of tourism kampung has a positive goal to improve inhabitant’s socio-economic welfare. But, there was a change in kampung’s function, activity and meaning from a closed settlement system with low social accessibility to a tourism kampung. This change can also affect the people’s sense of place. Research method used in this study is mixed method, which combines quantitative and qualitative research. Data collection techniques were obtained from questionnaires, field observations, and in depth interviews. The result shows that physical improvement has a positive effect in escalating the level of inhabitant’s sense of place. The finding will be important to the development of the sense of place’s theory and sustainable development.
Yohanes Djarot Purbadi,
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 12-23; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i1.641

Abstract:
Pariwisata merupakan salah satu model dalam strategi pembangunan yang semakin banyak digunakan. Pariwisata berbasis masyarakat dan ekonomi kreatif merupakan trend konsep yang diyakini mampu menyejahterakan masyarakat dan melestarikan lingkungan. Desa wisata berkembang di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sejak tahun 2010 dan terus meningkat jumlahnya. Pada sisi lain, kampung-kampung-wisata juga tumbuh di kawasan perkotaan dan perdesaan sejalan dengan pertumbuhan desa-desa wisata. Karangwaru Riverside terletak di Kalurahan Karangwaru sejak tahun 2012 telah dikenal sebagai destinasi wisata baru di Yogyakarta, sebagai ruang publik yang memanfaatkan sungai dan kawasan sekitar sungai. Idealnya, konsep kampung-wisata berbasis masyarakat dan potensi lokal menjadi dasar pengembangan Karangwaru Riverside sebagai kampung-wisata yang hijau, lestari, sejahtera berkelanjutan. Permasalahan yang dikaji adalah bagaimana konsep pengembangan Karangwaru Riverside yang berbasis masyarakat dan potensi lokal untuk menciptakan kemakmuran masyarakat dan kelestarian lingkungan secara berkelanjutan. Tujuan tulisan adalah merumuskan konsep pengembangan kawasan tepian sungai berbasis potensi lokal, ekonomi kreatif dan ekonomi digital pada kasus Karangwaru Riverside. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasi lapangan, wawancara dan studi pustaka tentang kampung-wisata, ekonomi kreatif dan pembangunan pariwisata hijau lestari. Hasilnya, Karangwaru Riverside sebagai kampung-kota berpotensi dikembangkan lebih maju dengan konsep kampung-wisata berbasis pada potensi lokal, partisipasi masyarakat, ekonomi kreatif, pembangunan hijau ramah lingkungan dan didukung ekonomi digital.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 1-5; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i1.533

Abstract:
Identitas suatu tempat pada hakikatnya dapat diubah dan dibentuk. Kondisi seperti ini dapat dimungkinkan sebagai bentuk upaya untuk mengakomodir perubahan keseharian yang terjadi yang terbentuk oleh transformasi dan artikulasi hubungan sosial. Dalam konteks ini, identitas tempat tersebut akan berkaitan erat dengan pengaruh budaya dan tradisi yang berlaku; sesuatu yang bersifat tidak tetap, belum berakhir dan memiliki berbagai variasi bentuk lainnya yang sudah tentu mempengaruhi tempat dan kehidupan masyarakat tempatan. Melalui pendekan penelitian kualitatif, penelitian ini mencari pengaruh budaya Melayu pada identitas sosial kebudayaan di Kota Pekanbaru. Data lapangan dikelompokkan, dianalisis, dan diolah melalui proses iterasi berulang guna memahami bagaimana proses rekonstruksi identitas sosial kebudayaan terjadi, dan bagaimana juga identitas budaya tertentu menjadi dasar dalam proses rekonstruksi identitas ini. Penelitian ini pada akhirnya dapat menyimpulkan bahwa hubungan antara budaya dan identitas dapat dijelaskan melalui arsitektur dan perubahan sosial kebudayaan yang terjadi di kehidupan perkotaan
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 24-31; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i1.527

Abstract:
Kepuasan terhadap tempat tinggal merupakan hasil dari interaksi karakteristik individual dengan karakteristik fisik rumah yang dihuninya. Karakteristik personal suatu individu memunculkan ekspetasi terhadap tempat tinggal. Faktor yang secara umum mempengaruhi kepuasan terhadap tempat tinggal adalah lokasi, ekonomi, fasilitas, kualitas bangunan dan kehidupan sosial dengan penghuni lain. Rusunawa merupakan bentuk tempat tinggal dengan kompleksitas permasalahan tersendiri. Namun rusunawa juga dianggap mampu memberikan solusi bagi peyediaan perumahan di Indonesia. Untuk menjamin kelayakan dan kenyamanan penghuni, penelitian ini mencoba mengelaborasi faktor yang mempengaruhi kepuasan tinggal di rusunawa. Dengan metode kualitatif, pengumpulan dan analisis dilakukan secara triangulasi untuk menjamin kredibilitas penelitian. Survei dengan kuesioner, observasi, wawancara dan Focus Group Discussion dilakukan untuk menghasilkan data yang beragam agar dapat dianalisis dengan teori dan penelitian terdahulu. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor lokasi, ekonomi, teknis bangunan dan kehidupan sosial merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi kepuasan tinggal. Faktor teknis yang meliputi luas hunian dan pengelolaan bangunan masih perlu ditingkatkan untuk memenuhi kepuasan penghuni
Faisal Bahar, , Antariksa Antariksa
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 5, pp 6-11; doi:10.29080/eija.v5i1.501

Abstract:
Kampung Wisata Warna-Warni Jodipan dikenal sebagai kampung wisata dengan sederetan rumah warga yang menampilkan aneka warna pada dinding dan atap rumah warga dengan kondisi topografi lahan berkontur di bantaran Sungai Brantas. Pada jaringan jalan di Kampung Warna Warni Jodipan banyak di jumpai tangga yang berdampingan dengan ramp. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana masyarakat Kampung Warna Warni Jodipan menentukan standar kemiringan dan lebar ramp pada jaringan jalan sebagai bentuk adaptasi pada lahan berkontur dengan kondisi jaringan jalan yang sempit agar dapat dilalui kendaraan atau barang beroda. Kondisi lahan berkontur memaksa masyarakat Kampung Warna Warni Jodipan beradaptasi dengan lingkungan setempat, baik fisik maupun lingkungan sosial. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif deskriptif karena permasalahan yang diteliti merupakan kondisi yang berhubungan dengan sosial masyarakat yang terkait dengan tempat dan aktivitas yang berinteraksi secara sinergis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan cara masyarakat Kampung Wisata Warna-Warni Jodipan beradaptasi dalam menata jaringan sirkulasi dalam pemukimannya menyesuaikan dengan kondisi topografinya yang berkontur.
Oktavi Elok Hapsari, Muhamad Ratodi, Rafiika Narulita Sari
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 101-111; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.433

Abstract:
Taman sebagai ruang terbuka kota, dipercaya mampu memberikan kontribusi baik secara makro maupun mikro terhadap kualitas perkotaan dan penduduknya. Sebagai ajaran yang komprehensif, Islam pun telah mengatur panduan penataan lanskap dengan prinsip Islamic Garden. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengobservasi bagaimana penerapan sembilan prinsip taman Islam dengan sejumlah parameter pada taman-taman kota di Surabaya, kota yang dikenal luas dengan keberadaan taman-taman kotanya. Dengan metode purposive sampling, ditentukan lima taman kota aktif pada lima wilayah kota Surabaya yang dijadikan objek pengamatan. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa parameter urutan dan pola telah terpenuhi pada keseluruh lokasi amatan, khususnya terkait aspek keseimbangan besaran Ruang Terbuka Hijau dan Ruang Terbuka Non-Hijau serta Bentukan geometri yang terdapat di hampir seluruh taman. Sedangkan Taman Bungkul dan Taman Flora menjadi taman kota yang paling banyak memenuhi penerapan parameter Islamic Garden di Kota Surabaya
, , Muhammad Choirul Khafidz
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 119-125; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.445

Abstract:
Kenyamanan termal menjadi faktor penting dalam menunjang efektifitas kinerja di dalam ruang. Untuk memaksimalkan kenyamanan termal tanpa merusak lingkungan, potensi angin dapat dimanfaatkan melalui sistem ventilasi silang. Ventilasi silang dapat menjadi media yang baik sebagai pengalir udara, jika memperhatikan 3 (tiga) aspek, yaitu ukuran, bentuk, dan posisi ventilasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengeksplorasi desain ventilasi terbaik untuk mencapai kenyamanan termal yang dimaksud, khususnya pada ruang-ruang perkuliahan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriprif kuantitatif untuk menghasilkan sebuah rekomendasi desain, yang diikuti dengan validasi data menggunakan software ecotect. Ruang-ruang perkuliahan di Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Ampel dipilih untuk menjadi studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ventilasi silang melalui jendela besar berjenis vertically pivoted merupakan ventilasi yang paling efektif untuk dipakai di ruang-ruang perkuliahan Fakultas Ushuluddin. Model ini dapat memaksimalkan aliran udara hingga 75%, dan membuat ruangan 1,4-2,7°C lebih sejuk.
Efa Suriani
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 112-118; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.418

Abstract:
Penggunaan material bambu telah dikenal penggunaannya sejak jaman dahulu. Namun bambu juga dikenal memiliki beberapa kelemahan, diantaranya rentan terhadap serangan rayap dan jamur bila terkena air. Oleh karenanya diperlukan perlakuan khusus untuk memperpanjang usia penggunaan bambu bila hendak digunakan sebagai material konstruksi. Metode pengawetan dengan perebusan adalah salah satu metode baru yang diterapkan dilapangan untuk memenuhi pasokan bambu awet, selain metode Visual Soak Diffusion (VSD) yang cenderung memakan waktu yang lebih lama. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sifat mekanik kuat-lentur bambu Petung dengan metode pengawetan perebusan. Hasil pengujian memperlihatkan peningkatan kuat-lentur bambu yang signifikan (dua puluh persen lebih kuat-lentur) setelah diawetkan dengan metode perebusan, meskipun kadar air dalam bambu meningkat yang berimbas pada potensi serangan jamur. Hal ini dapat diatasi dengan cara menambahkan bahan anti jamur pada larutan pengawetan. Metode pengawetan dengan perebusan ini mampu menjadi alternatif utama pengganti bahan pengawet kimia.
La Ode Abdul Rachmad Sabdin Andisiri, Arman Faslih, Muhammad Zakaria Umar
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 96-100; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.416

Abstract:
Arsitektur tradisional Kulisusu ibarat sebuah kitab tertulis dengan ruang, bentuk dan symbol sebagai huruf-huruf yang bercerita. Kitab tersebut hanya dapat dibaca dengan pemahaman sejarah dan penjiwaan terhadap agama, keyakinan dan falsafah hidup masyarakat setempat. Bangunan Raha Bulelenga terdiri dari substansi ruhani dan materi dimana falsafah hidup, keyakinan dan agama telah ditransformasikan pada wujud fisik bangunan. Berdasarkan dari hal tersebut, bangunan Raha Bulelenga mengandung esensi kehidupan hakiki dan dijadikan sebagai sarana masyarakat tradisional Kulisusu untuk mewujudkan visi kehidupan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendokumentasikan konsepsi religius masyarakat tradisional Kulisusu yang menjiwai penampilan fisik bangunan Raha Bulelenga serta menemukan penerapan konsepsi religius masayarakat Kulisusu pada bangunan Raha Bulelenga. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Kulisusu pada kawasan benteng Lipu-Wa Pala dengan paradigma post-positivisme sebagai landasan penelitiannya dan menggunakan metode etnografi dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Aspek yang dianalisis meliputi konsepsi religius masyarakat tradisional Kulisusu pada saat pembangunan dan tingkatan hati manusia dalam ajaran Tasawuf. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konsepsi religius masyarakat Kulisusu didasarkan kepada Undang-undang Islam Martabat tujuh sebagai paradigma arsitektur tradisional Kulisusu. Selain itu itu penelitian juga memperoleh gambaran tentang penerapan konsep religius martabat alam insani berupa tingkatan hati manusia pada bangunan Raha Bulelenga.
Mimin Aminah Yusuf, , Muhammad Faqih
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 85-95; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.395

Abstract:
Currently the development of pesantren in Indonesia is very rapid, while there is still no concept that is used as a reference in designing of the dormitory building. There are several standards or references used in dormitories but currently only found for campus dormitories. In addition, there are some problems in pesantren dormitory such as infrastructure that is less supportive and very high occupancy density, therefore students make adaptations. This study aims to formulate the parameters used in designing pesantren based on preferences and adaptation. Preference is included because there is relationship between preference and adaptation. The method used is qualitative by comparing from some literatures. The results consist of thread of thought, determining of pesantren and variable, indicator used. There are five thread that used to formulated design concept, among others existing, typology, preference, adaptation and proposal design. Variable and indicators of activity, facility and environmental scope can be assessed on student preference and adaptation in any contexts and type of pesantren. Further, the upcoming result of parameter can be set as the underlying consideration for the designing of pesantren dormitory.
Josephine Roosandriantini
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 77-84; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.267

Abstract:
Kekayaan budaya dan keberagaman kondisi alam menyebabkan muncul keberagaman arsitektur di Nusantara. Arsitektur Nusantara yang beranekaragam, tetap dipandang oleh sebagian golongan sebagai sebuah kekunoan, dan ketidaklayakan untuk dijadikan sebagai hunian. Ketidaklayakan itu tergambarkan dari penggunaan material alami yang mudah lapuk atau aus, konstruksi dengan sambungan tanpa paku sehingga menyebabkan konstruksi rumah menjadi miring. Tulisan ini merupakan kajian terhadap penerapan teori vitruvius dalam arsitektur nusantara sekaligus pembuktian kelayakan huni bangunan arsitektur nusantara. Metode kualitatif digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan melakukan studi literatur terhadap arsitektur Waerebo dan Toraja sebagai pembandingnya dan untuk memberikan pemahaman yang lebih baik terhadap fenomena tersebut. Aspek Firmitas, Utilitas dan Venustas mulai dari material alami, konstruksi sebagai kekokohan dan keindahan arsitektur menjadi objek kajian yang diteliti. Hasil kajian menunjukkan arsitektur Nusantara juga memiliki tingkat kekokohan yang stabil dengan teknik konstruksi material alaminya yang khas. Pemaknaan utilitas pada bangunan arsitektur nusantara juga tidak tergambar dalam makna kegunaan atau fungsi bangunan melainkan kepada identitas status sosial. Sedangkan penerapan venustas terlihat pada ornamen, seni ukir dan teknik ikat. Hasil dari penelitian ini juga dimaksudkan untuk memberikan acuan teoretis tentang kekokohan, kegunaan, dan keindahan berbagai rumah adat di Nusantara yang dibangun dari material alami lokal saja
Seyedeh Marzieh Tabaeian, Neda Abbasi Kerdabadi, Ahmad Abedi
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 71-76; doi:10.29080/eija.v4i2.324

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate and analyse design and optimisation methods of educational and recreational environments for educable mentally disabled children. This study is conducted using a descriptive-analytical method based on library research, documents and field surveys. The research studied sixty mentally disabled children aged 6-17 years, twenty instructors and sixty mothers through purposive sampling. Then the quantitative data of questionnaires and the qualitative data of interviews and paintings are analysed using SPSS and Excel. The results of this research determine the useful criteria used to design an attractive and friendly environment for mentally disabled children. In addition to promoting the sense of safety and security in these spaces, it improves recreational activities of mentally disabled children both individually and collectively.
Jockie Zudhy Fibrianto, Mochamad Hilmy
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 65-70; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.177

Abstract:
The road corridor in Pontianak City has different shading output depending on the sun orientation. The difference has caused a temperature difference that affects the pedestrian thermal comfort along the corridor. Identification and measurement of shading temperatures that occur due to buildings and trees were carried out for three days in each afternoon with relatively similar weather conditions. The road corridor that becomes the research location was at A. Yani St.-Gajah Mada St.-Tanjung Pura St., which has a North-South orientation and Teuku Umar St.-Diponegoro St.-Sisingamangaraja St., who has an East-West direction. The analysis phase is done by comparing the effectiveness of imagery produced by buildings and trees. After that, the identification and measurement results are compared with Indonesian thermal comfort standards SNI T-14-1993-03 to obtain suitable thermal comfort in the road corridors in Pontianak City.
Efa Suriani
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 54-64; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.338

Abstract:
Bamboo and wood are natural materials, each of which has a variety of uniqueness. Among its uniqueness is an irreplaceable building material between one another. However, weaknesses are also found in them especially related to termites or powder beetles. To be able to obtain maximum results in the use of these two materials, the preservation process was needed as a special treatment. With a variety of Bamboo preservation techniques, this paper tries to identify and examine various studies and best practices related to the Bambu-kayu preservation method in Indonesia. A qualitative approach was used with literature study techniques, field observations and in-depth interviews with entrepreneurs in preserving bamboo. From the results of the study obtained an illustration that the preservation method carried out depends on the needs of the user. It is also known that 10% Borak Boric concentrate has been able to be a chemical preservative that can be trusted to maximize material age. There should also be research on other preservatives, both chemical ones such as pyrolysis oil from plastic waste, as well as natural ones such as coconut shell liquid smoke and tobacco. Further research can also be focused on the strength of bamboo preserved by the preservation / boiling method. In addition to optimal material service age, it is necessary to consider several other criteria such as the ability to be mass produced / according to industry needs and able to be implemented significantly. Thus, it is expected that preservatives will be obtained that are safe for humans, environmentally friendly, workable and economical.
Mega Ayundya Widiastuti
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 44-53; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.323

Abstract:
Early childhood education is an essential stage for the development of children's ability to attend school. Early age is the best phase for children to receive stimulation as well as their character formation in the future. The physical environment plays a vital role in supporting the successful establishment of children's behavior. One of them is through the design of classrooms that are suitable for the child's world. This study attempted to evaluate the interior arrangement of the school in the formation of children's behavior along with its influence on children's behavior in the Sakha Islamic Play Group / Kindergarten. This study uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach and observation techniques on various aspects of the class physical arrangement. The results of the study concluded that some elements of the interior provision of classes in the Sakha Islamic Play Group / Kindergarten, such as the visibility and comfort, were not in accordance with the standards, while the classroom interior arrangement had influenced the children's behavior with the barrier mechanism and invited some specific children behaviors to shape their personality.
Khilda Wildana Nur
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 37-43; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.173

Abstract:
An early Tasawwuf has already existed since Islam religion was first brought to Indonesia in which Tariqa traditions contributed to the spread of the faith. The Tariqa of Khalwatiyah Samman is one of the Islamic mysticisms which has developed and been in existence until now. The number of the Tariqa’s followers reaches hundred thousand of people spread in various loci including Patte’ne village in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi. The strategic location becomes an urbanity anomaly toward the surrounding integrated area. The Patte’ne village promotes its existential identity as a consistent locus tied to Khalwatiyah Tariqa. The implementation of this can be seen in the spatial pattern of the area, in the cultural values reflecting the activities applied either in daily rituals or annually ceremonial agendas, and in the human resources acted as role models adopted from the Khalwatiyah teaching. The approach of this research uses both descriptive research and a historical approach. The methods of data collecting are surveys, visual materials, and observations. The result of this research indicates that a village will stand valuable if the concept of urbanity remains existent, in the form of both social and economic systems. The implication of those various sectors can create a condition and a balancing role for all the components creating the surrounding area. It demonstrates that the existence of Patte’ne village has become a locus which energizes an urbanity performance, which means that all the available resources have respectively participated so that it creates a mutually symbiotic relationship.
Muhammad Zakaria Umar, La Ode Abdul Rachmad Sabdin Andisiri
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 30-36; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.221

Abstract:
Coexistence in architecture was considered as the process of cooperation between two or more different architectural styles and synergized each others. The Old Buton society consists of Kaomu, Walaka, Maradika, and Batua. The social stratification system in Buton society was reflected in its dwelling. In the architectural context, various attempts to rediscover the identity in each of his work were very pronounced, with varying results. The study was aimed to identified coexistence between Walaka’s house and parliament building using a comparative causal approach. The results concluded that the coexistence between the Walaka’s houses and parliament building could be found in the form of philosophical, meanings, symbols, function on the modified floor plan, view, and sections.The coexistence between the house of Walaka’s with govermental position and parliament building could not be found between under the Walaka’s house and the parliament building foundation, tangkebala sasambiri and overstek console at parliament building and the Walaka’s box-shaped pabate and the overstek console from parliament building. The philosophical coexistence was also not founded between wide large and latticed windows at Walaka’s house with ones at parliament building, the Walaka’s bosu bosu and the overstek console without ornament at parliament building, as well as the Walaka’s double-decker roof and the parliament’s double-decker roof.
, Suhartina Wijayanti, Soraya Masthura Hassan
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 21-29; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.228

Abstract:
The department of architecture’s building of Malikussaleh University was found problematic with its daylighting distribution through out the spaces. Also, earlier research had acknowledged the situation. However, the previous research did not offer an appropriate solution particularly regarding its optimum façade design. This research attempted to optimize the daylight harvest into the spaces by comparing its façade design for daylighting. There were three types of façade designs, perforated, vertical and horizontal screens, examined fot its most optimum daylight harvest. This study utilized digital simulation using Grasshopper and Ladybug Tools to calculate Annual daylight condition within the building. Within the tools this study integrated Climate Based Daylight Modeling (CBDM), which was Useful Daylight Illuminance (UDI) for the condition of Lhokseumawe. Next, it compared and suggested the result for the three types of façade design for optimum daylight distribution. Based on UDI, the targetted optimum daylight was in the range of 100-2000 lux. It was discovered that horizontal screen work best to almost entire building façades which covered 13 out of 15 examined-spaces within the building.
Mochamad Hilmy, Dewi Ria Indriana
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 13-20; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.222

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to obtained recommendations on the use of innovative building materials from the development of existing lightweight concrete designs, to decrease the building interior temperature. The research used an engineering experimental method on lightweight concrete as material tested. A profile was attached on the outer side of lightweight concrete in order to formed a shadowed effect and expected to make the building indoor temperature go lower. The result indicated that the shadows shaped by profile attached on the outer side of lightweight concrete not fully effectively in decreasing building indoor temperature. The lightweight concrete thickness affected the velocity of solar thermal radiation impact movement that goes into the buildings interior. The formation of profiles on lightweight concrete surfaces can be decrease the room temperature in at least more than 2°C. The shading was more effective if the profile form in vertical formation. The research output was a lightweight concrete prototype that was able to contribute to decrease the building indoor temperature.
Muhammad Nelza Mulki Iqbal
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 4, pp 1-12; doi:10.29080/emara.v4i1.174

Abstract:
Social capital discourse has come to be the foremost and essential aspects in achieving sustainable development, participatory democracy and just cities. Indonesia is like most Asian countries where people spatially and socially co-live in a community that is related to a network of small clusters. However, the formal study related to social capital is hardly founded. Based on its characters, Gotong Royong which is a socio-cultural ethic of the togetherness philosophy in Indonesia can be perceived as an Indonesian social capital practice. Advancing social capital through participatory approaches will need a deep consideration about the role of professional and community engagement. Successful collaborations between wider actors in participatory approaches could lead to a fundamental transformation that can both preserve and nurture social capital values. High level of social capital within communities can potentially underpin the successful community participation towards communal goals.
, Kirami Bararatin, Iwan Adi Indrawan, Nurfahmi Muchlis
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 91-97; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i2.175

Abstract:
The provision of an inclusive environment was one of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 11 targets that was also listed in the declaration document of the 2016 NUA (New Urban Agenda) Habitat III. This was no exception for the public buildings and transport facilities provision that should meet and accommodate the needs of all users including persons with disabilities, the elderly, children, and women. Currently, Indonesia has committed to ratify and implement the CRPD, including the enactment of several regulations and the provision of access environment in public buildings. However, such implementation has not been maximized and complies with standards based on inclusion design. This paper is part of a Research-Based-Community Service to observe and evaluate bus stop and the pedestrian way in Surabaya. Yet, the discussion only highlights the result of pre-eliminary study of accessibility condition at bus stop based user paricpation. Methods of observation and environmental simulation were used to obtain research data. The results show various problems caused by lack of user participation and understanding and information on the design of accessible environment. This led to many application designs on the environment not in accordance with existing regulations and the needs of users especially those with special needs.
Arina Hayati, Kirami Bararatin, Iwan Adi Indrawan, Nurfahmi Muchlis
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 91-97; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.2.91-97

Abstract:
The provision of an inclusive environment was one of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 11 targets that was also listed in the declaration document of the 2016 NUA (New Urban Agenda) Habitat III. This was no exception for the public buildings and transport facilities provision that should meet and accommodate the needs of all users including persons with disabilities, the elderly, children, and women. Currently, Indonesia has committed to ratify and implement the CRPD, including the enactment of several regulations and the provision of access environment in public buildings. However, such implementation has not been maximized and complies with standards based on inclusion design. This paper is part of a Research-Based-Community Service to observe and evaluate bus stop and the pedestrian way in Surabaya. Yet, the discussion only highlights the result of pre-eliminary study of accessibility condition at bus stop based user paricpation. Methods of observation and environmental simulation were used to obtain research data. The results show various problems caused by lack of user participation and understanding and information on the design of accessible environment. This led to many application designs on the environment not in accordance with existing regulations and the needs of users especially those with special needs.
Nunik Hasriyanti, Andi Zulestari Z, Ismail Ruslan
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 68-76; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i2.145

Abstract:
An interesting phenomenon in connection with the development of suburban settlements on the Trans Kalimantan Road corridor was the suburban settlements development. The development give a poor impression of an adequate city residential neighborhood or tend to decrease its carrying capacity, as well as forming an irregular settlements pattern. The study aimed to identified and analyzed the environmental settlements patterns in the Trans Kalimantan Road corridor and the spatial built-in changes in the provincial road corridor. This was a qualitative descriptive research with situational analysis on case studies through field observations including built-in space and infrastructures identification in the Ambawang corridor. The existing condition analysis was conducted through the aerial photographs and 2016 thematic maps interpretation to identified the spatial space spreads built-in along the Ambawang corridor. A study on Ambawang Corridor sustainability, proposed a development scheme that described through the Trans-Kalimantan Ambawang corridor arrangement, warehouses and shops revitalization - renovation as well increasing the green open space along the corridor.
Muhammad Zakaria Umar
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 61-67; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i2.151

Abstract:
Since the issuance of the "Ijtihad (command) Sultan" to the royal Sara (device), so that harmony and brotherhood (Sara Pataanguna) in Islam was manifested in the form of typical Buton house. The royal Sara's and wood carpentry experts in the kingdom based on "Ijtihad Sultan" together performed deliberations. Deliberation aimed to find a building form for the house which in accordance with the philosophy of Sara Pataanguna. The pre-Islamic Sara Pataanguna philosophy and the post-Islamic Sara Pataanguna philosophy were embodied in the concept of meaning and functional concepts in traditional Buton houses. Based on on the role-sharing functions the Butonesse traditional house divided into two types, houses of Kaomus / Walakas with public roles and houses of common Kaoumus / Walakas without public roles. This research was aimed to analyzed the philosophy and symbolic meaning on houses of the Kaomus / Walakas with public roles. The research used qualitative research with case study approach.The result concluded that the philosophy of Sara Pataanguna became the philosophy from Walakas Butonesse traditional houses, especially for the owners who holds public positions, because the Sara Pataanguuna principles was contained in the meaning and function of the houses symbols.
Nunik Hasriyanti
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 68-76; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.2.68-76

Abstract:
An interesting phenomenon in connection with the development of suburban settlements on the Trans Kalimantan Road corridor was the suburban settlements development. The development give a poor impression of an adequate city residential neighborhood or tend to decrease its carrying capacity, as well as forming an irregular settlements pattern. The study aimed to identified and analyzed the environmental settlements patterns in the Trans Kalimantan Road corridor and the spatial built-in changes in the provincial road corridor. This was a qualitative descriptive research with situational analysis on case studies through field observations including built-in space and infrastructures identification in the Ambawang corridor. The existing condition analysis was conducted through the aerial photographs and 2016 thematic maps interpretation to identified the spatial space spreads built-in along the Ambawang corridor. A study on Ambawang Corridor sustainability, proposed a development scheme that described through the Trans-Kalimantan Ambawang corridor arrangement, warehouses and shops revitalization - renovation as well increasing the green open space along the corridor.
Soraya Masthura Hassan
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 77-90; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.2.77-90

Abstract:
Geometry has shown that the architecture was an expression of man and a basic principle that were always presented on an architectural work. The research was conducted through two steps with the first step was to identified the Tadao Ando’s geometry design principle through a content analysis approach. Based on the textual review, Tadao Ando's geometry design principle was tend to select the simple geometric forms as the embodiment of the building shapes. An user spatial experiences were created through inter space relationships and interactions with the surrounding environment through the geometry and shape processing and became the central to his architectural work creation. In other words, pure geometry concept was the instrument to presented all of those. The second step was to compared Tadao Ando's geometry design principles in the monistic architecture to the pluralistic architecture catagories using a precedent analysis approach. The comparisons toward the geometrical principles were more complex and quite varied geometric shapes in pluralistic architecture while simple geometric shapes can be found in the monistic architecture,as well as interlinked circular paths in pluralistic architecture which shaped by the ‘direction wall’ rather than a simple circulation path in the monistic architecture, and the wall-formed angle was a multiple of 15° in monistic architecture but varying angles in the pluralistic architecture.
Muhammad Zakaria Umar
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 61-67; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.2.61-67

Abstract:
Since the issuance of the "Ijtihad (command) Sultan" to the royal Sara (device), so that harmony and brotherhood (Sara Pataanguna) in Islam was manifested in the form of typical Buton house. The royal Sara's and wood carpentry experts in the kingdom based on "Ijtihad Sultan" together performed deliberations. Deliberation aimed to find a building form for the house which in accordance with the philosophy of Sara Pataanguna. The pre-Islamic Sara Pataanguna philosophy and the post-Islamic Sara Pataanguna philosophy were embodied in the concept of meaning and functional concepts in traditional Buton houses. Based on on the role-sharing functions the Butonesse traditional house divided into two types, houses of Kaomus / Walakas with public roles and houses of common Kaoumus / Walakas without public roles. This research was aimed to analyzed the philosophy and symbolic meaning on houses of the Kaomus / Walakas with public roles. The research used qualitative research with case study approach.The result concluded that the philosophy of Sara Pataanguna became the philosophy from Walakas Butonesse traditional houses, especially for the owners who holds public positions, because the Sara Pataanguuna principles was contained in the meaning and function of the houses symbols.
Soraya Masthura Hassan
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 77-90; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i2.152

Abstract:
Geometry has shown that the architecture was an expression of man and a basic principle that were always presented on an architectural work. The research was conducted through two steps with the first step was to identified the Tadao Ando’s geometry design principle through a content analysis approach. Based on the textual review, Tadao Ando's geometry design principle was tend to select the simple geometric forms as the embodiment of the building shapes. An user spatial experiences were created through inter space relationships and interactions with the surrounding environment through the geometry and shape processing and became the central to his architectural work creation. In other words, pure geometry concept was the instrument to presented all of those. The second step was to compared Tadao Ando's geometry design principles in the monistic architecture to the pluralistic architecture catagories using a precedent analysis approach. The comparisons toward the geometrical principles were more complex and quite varied geometric shapes in pluralistic architecture while simple geometric shapes can be found in the monistic architecture,as well as interlinked circular paths in pluralistic architecture which shaped by the ‘direction wall’ rather than a simple circulation path in the monistic architecture, and the wall-formed angle was a multiple of 15° in monistic architecture but varying angles in the pluralistic architecture.
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 53-60; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.2.53-60

Abstract:
The old kampung is an embryo of urban development which has historical and cultural values, as well as the identity. However, the old kampung is threatened physically and noThe old kampung was an embryo for urban development which has historical and cultural values, as well as the identity. However, the old kampung was threatened physically and non-physically due to urban development. The article aimed to showed the strategies to achieve kampung sustainability through the potential of local wisdom. A qualitative research method conducted with qualitative descriptive analysis technique by taking Kampung Bustaman, Semarang as the study location. The analysis showed that Kampung Bustaman has local wisdom in the form of economic activities that has been manifested in the community daily lifes and potentially became the major capital to achieve kampung sustainability. The strategies involved the stakeholder roles, such as local communities, government and other parties through the kampung events. The tourism was able to encouraged communities participation and strengthen the economic as well as the social life of local communities. Local communities participation and local organizations commitment to preserving local wisdom also play an important role for achieving the kampung sustainability.nphysically due to urban development. The article aims to show the strategy to achieve kampung sustainability through the potential of local wisdom. The study was conducted by using qualitative research method with qualitative descriptive analysis technique by taking the study area in Kampung Bustaman, Semarang City. The analysis shows that Kampung Bustaman has local wisdom in the form of economic activity that has been manifested in the daily life of the community and potentially as the capital to achieve kampung sustainability. The strategy to achieve kampung sustainability involves the role of stakeholders, such as local communities, government and other parties through the kampung events. The tourism is able to encourage the communities participation and strengthen the economic and social life of local community. Local community participation and local organizations' commitment to preserving local wisdom also play an important role in achieving kampung sustainability.
Annisa Mu'awanah Sukmawati
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 53-60; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i2.154

Abstract:
The old kampung is an embryo of urban development which has historical and cultural values, as well as the identity. However, the old kampung is threatened physically and noThe old kampung was an embryo for urban development which has historical and cultural values, as well as the identity. However, the old kampung was threatened physically and non-physically due to urban development. The article aimed to showed the strategies to achieve kampung sustainability through the potential of local wisdom. A qualitative research method conducted with qualitative descriptive analysis technique by taking Kampung Bustaman, Semarang as the study location. The analysis showed that Kampung Bustaman has local wisdom in the form of economic activities that has been manifested in the community daily lifes and potentially became the major capital to achieve kampung sustainability. The strategies involved the stakeholder roles, such as local communities, government and other parties through the kampung events. The tourism was able to encouraged communities participation and strengthen the economic as well as the social life of local communities. Local communities participation and local organizations commitment to preserving local wisdom also play an important role for achieving the kampung sustainability.nphysically due to urban development. The article aims to show the strategy to achieve kampung sustainability through the potential of local wisdom. The study was conducted by using qualitative research method with qualitative descriptive analysis technique by taking the study area in Kampung Bustaman, Semarang City. The analysis shows that Kampung Bustaman has local wisdom in the form of economic activity that has been manifested in the daily life of the community and potentially as the capital to achieve kampung sustainability. The strategy to achieve kampung sustainability involves the role of stakeholders, such as local communities, government and other parties through the kampung events. The tourism is able to encourage the communities participation and strengthen the economic and social life of local community. Local community participation and local organizations' commitment to preserving local wisdom also play an important role in achieving kampung sustainability.
Efa Suriani
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 33-42; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.1.33-42

Abstract:
Bidang industri konstruksi disinyalir menjadi pelaku kedua dalam menyumbang pemanasan global. Pemakaian bahan material yang tidak dapat diperbaharui dalam jangka waktu tertentu akan habis dan efek yang ditimbulkan merusak lingkungan. Penerapan material ekologis yang merupakan pemenuhan aspek pada konsep green building menjadi topik yang terus dikaji oleh peneliti atau praktisi. Bambu memenuhi kriteria sebagai alternatif penerapan material ekologis. Berbagai potensi bambu baik unsur kekuatan, cepat tumbuh, rendah energi, dan bahan melindungi ekosistem bumi termasuk peningkatan ekonomi. Kendala bambu adalah mulai tergerus oleh perkembangan teknologi modern. Bambu sebagai penopang kehidupan sehari-hari mulai kehilangan identitasnya yang mengakibatkan pasokan material bambu atau keberlangsungan material bambu, perlahan di masyarakat mulai langka/sulit dicari. Oleh sebab itu, material bambu dapat digunakan sebagai material ekologis dengan terobosan dalam hal modernisasi pemanfaatan bambu dalam konteks industri. Dimensi bambu harus dapat mengakomodir kesulitan perancang dalam mendisain bambu. Membangun identitas budaya bambu modern dalam konteks industri. Sehingga, bambu sustainable dengan terjadinya harmoni bahan baku bambu dengan budaya terhadap arus kemajuan teknologi. Dalam rangka mengurangi efek global warming dan terwujudnya kelestarian alam demi generasi mendatang
Efa Suriani
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 33-42; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i1.138

Abstract:
Bidang industri konstruksi disinyalir menjadi pelaku kedua dalam menyumbang pemanasan global. Pemakaian bahan material yang tidak dapat diperbaharui dalam jangka waktu tertentu akan habis dan efek yang ditimbulkan merusak lingkungan. Penerapan material ekologis yang merupakan pemenuhan aspek pada konsep green building menjadi topik yang terus dikaji oleh peneliti atau praktisi. Bambu memenuhi kriteria sebagai alternatif penerapan material ekologis. Berbagai potensi bambu baik unsur kekuatan, cepat tumbuh, rendah energi, dan bahan melindungi ekosistem bumi termasuk peningkatan ekonomi. Kendala bambu adalah mulai tergerus oleh perkembangan teknologi modern. Bambu sebagai penopang kehidupan sehari-hari mulai kehilangan identitasnya yang mengakibatkan pasokan material bambu atau keberlangsungan material bambu, perlahan di masyarakat mulai langka/sulit dicari. Oleh sebab itu, material bambu dapat digunakan sebagai material ekologis dengan terobosan dalam hal modernisasi pemanfaatan bambu dalam konteks industri. Dimensi bambu harus dapat mengakomodir kesulitan perancang dalam mendisain bambu. Membangun identitas budaya bambu modern dalam konteks industri. Sehingga, bambu sustainable dengan terjadinya harmoni bahan baku bambu dengan budaya terhadap arus kemajuan teknologi. Dalam rangka mengurangi efek global warming dan terwujudnya kelestarian alam demi generasi mendatang
Sima Alizadeh, ,
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 23-32; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i1.95

Abstract:
As landscape plays a crucial role in people’s lives, it is of great importance that landscape is designed based on people’s interest. Therefore, identification of the landscapes that people prefer and the factors that influence their perception are imperative. This research attempts to investigate the contribution of personality characteristics towards students’ landscape perception in Isfahan, Iran. In this aspect, students’ characteristics of extroversion/ introversion, intelligence, and creativity were measured by using Cattell’s 16PF Questionnaire. Also, the respondents were asked to express their feeling of satisfaction and happiness towards six common landscape types of Iran, by rating 30 images of mountainous, urban, forest, desert, water, and farmland landscapes. The results of Pearson Correlation Coefficient indicated that extroverted students have a greater feeling for both mountainous and urban landscapes than introverts. Also, less creative students preferred mountainous, urban, and farmland landscapes. Moreover, perception for farmland landscape was negatively correlated with intelligence among students.
Sima Alizadeh, ,
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.1.23-32

Abstract:
As landscape plays a crucial role in people’s lives, it is of great importance that landscape is designed based on people’s interest. Therefore, identification of the landscapes that people prefer and the factors that influence their perception are imperative. This research attempts to investigate the contribution of personality characteristics towards students’ landscape perception in Isfahan, Iran. In this aspect, students’ characteristics of extroversion/ introversion, intelligence, and creativity were measured by using Cattell’s 16PF Questionnaire. Also, the respondents were asked to express their feeling of satisfaction and happiness towards six common landscape types of Iran, by rating 30 images of mountainous, urban, forest, desert, water, and farmland landscapes. The results of Pearson Correlation Coefficient indicated that extroverted students have a greater feeling for both mountainous and urban landscapes than introverts. Also, less creative students preferred mountainous, urban, and farmland landscapes. Moreover, perception for farmland landscape was negatively correlated with intelligence among students.
Arfiani Syariah, Mega Ayundya Widiastuti
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 43-52; doi:10.29080/emara.2017.3.1.43-52

Abstract:
The image characteristics of a city can be seen from it main streets corridor display. One of the aspects that affected the image was related to the parking spaces and street vendors arrangement. Gajah Mada street corridor as one of the main corridor in Sidoarjo City, its main activity was highly influenced by formal and informal commercial activities. Besides having a positive impact, the informal commercial sector also gave a negative impact for the corridor area.The Street vendors have occupied the sidewalk which had lead to pedestrian spatial activities transition up to the roadside. Those activities, along with inadequate parking space, have resulted in traffic congestion along the corridor. The study aimed to formulate the Gajah Mada Street corridor arrangement optimally for all of users convenience. The observations have shown that the traffic smoothness level along the Gajah Mada street varies on each zones.The corridor arrangement strategies was initiated through the parking location, type and time settings as well as the design of each business facilities. This research also has provided policy recommendation that can be taken by the local government related to parking arrangement and street vendors activities along the Gajah Mada street corridor of Sidoarjo.
Arfiani Syariah, Mega Ayundya Widiastuti
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 3, pp 43-52; doi:10.29080/emara.v3i1.141

Abstract:
The image characteristics of a city can be seen from it main streets corridor display. One of the aspects that affected the image was related to the parking spaces and street vendors arrangement. Gajah Mada street corridor as one of the main corridor in Sidoarjo City, its main activity was highly influenced by formal and informal commercial activities. Besides having a positive impact, the informal commercial sector also gave a negative impact for the corridor area.The Street vendors have occupied the sidewalk which had lead to pedestrian spatial activities transition up to the roadside. Those activities, along with inadequate parking space, have resulted in traffic congestion along the corridor. The study aimed to formulate the Gajah Mada Street corridor arrangement optimally for all of users convenience. The observations have shown that the traffic smoothness level along the Gajah Mada street varies on each zones.The corridor arrangement strategies was initiated through the parking location, type and time settings as well as the design of each business facilities. This research also has provided policy recommendation that can be taken by the local government related to parking arrangement and street vendors activities along the Gajah Mada street corridor of Sidoarjo.
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