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Results in Journal International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences: 25

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Mohit Kheur, Tabrez Lakha, RamanDeep Sandhu, Supriya Kheur, Maknojia Amin, Mohsin Shaikh
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 467-473; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3g.994

Abstract:
Aim and objective: To evaluate the accuracy of different impression techniques - namely the closed tray impression technique, the open tray non-splinted impression technique, the open tray splinted technique and an experimental technique for multiple implants placed at an angulation with each other. Materials and Methods: A master model was made of die stone which incorporated four implants having an internal hexagonal connection. The two terminal implants were placed at an angle of 20 degrees (lingually) whereas the two central implants were placed perpendicular to the cast. The samples were divided into four groups (Group I: Closed tray impression technique, Group II: Open tray impression technique non-splinted, Group III: Open tray impression technique splinted and Group IV: Experimental technique) based on the impression technique used. P-values were obtained using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey’s correction for multiple group comparisons.Results: The P-value was greater than 0.05 (0.869) for Group III. Therefore, open tray splinted technique (Group III) was the most accurate impression technique when compared to the other techniques. On Inter - group comparisons it was noted that the values obtained by experimental technique were within close range of the values obtained by open tray splinted impression technique. Whereas, a comparison of Group I with Group III revealed 2 points of statistical significance (2 points of inaccuracy). Comparison of the Group II with Group III showed that all the points were statistically significant (all points were inaccurate). Conclusion: The open tray splinted impression technique provides best results for multiple implants placed at varying angulations. The experimental technique can be beneficial in areas of limited access, reduced mouth opening and exaggerated gag reflex.
Shilpi Tiwari, Meena Naganath
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 450-451; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3g.990

Abstract:
The endodontic failure is usually due to the failure in recognizing the variations in root and its root canal anatomy. Hence, it is important to have a detailed knowledge of commonest possible aberrations and anamolies of the tooth being treated. Mandibular premolar is considered as “Endodontist Enigma” due its unpredictable root canal anatomy which often complicates the endodontic treatment. The present case report i.e mandibular first premolar with two roots highlights the importance of sound knowledge of root canal anatomy and the importance of dental operating microscope in treating such complex cases.
Divyangana Thakur
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 523-527; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3h.1005

Abstract:
Contemporary endodontics has seen an unprecedented advance in technology and materials. This review is aimed to bring some light over the advances in root canal disinfection. Jointly, these advances are aimed at improving the state of the art and science of root canal treatment.
Nikhil N Pawar, Payal A Karkar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 578-587; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3i.1011

Abstract:
When using modern dental implants, conventional and early loading protocols are both well-documented and predictable. Interdisciplinary teams may choose a longer healing period in sites that are compromised or in patients in which healing is expected to be altered. Immediate loading in partially edentulous patients is possible in select cases, but the evidence for successful outcomes is less extensive. Many patients are eager to have their treatment completed as rapidly as possible. Individual dentists and interdisciplinary teams are reminded that immediate loading has increased risk of implant failure and should be used in esthetically critical areas only after careful consideration of the benefits, risks and alternatives. Present review article discussed about loading protocols in implant dentistry.
Sayqa Aziz, Mohsin Malik, Sandeep Kaur Bali, Shazia Mir, Nazia Majeed Zargar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 575-577; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3i.1010

Abstract:
Background: A dental impression is a negative imprint of an oral structure utilized to produce a positive replica of the structure that can be used as a permanent record or in the production process of a dental restoration. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing the accuracy of two different dental implant impression techniques. Materials & methods: For reference model, an edentulous mandibular cast with four implant analogues in the anterior region was used. For the present study, two different types of impression trays were used as follows: Closed custom tray, and Open custom tray. The impressions were allowed to set for 10 minutes under a standard load of 500 gm. All the impressions were poured using the same quantity of Type IV dental stone. The casts were subjected to measurement after 24 hours to simulate clinical situation. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were analysed by SPSS software.Results: Mean error obtained in closed custom tray technique was 0.028 while mean error obtained in open custom tray technique was 0.23. While analysing statistically, significant results were obtained. Conclusion: Better results are obtained when open custom trays were used.
Sangita Show, Arka Kanti Dey
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 407-410; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3f.985

Abstract:
The simulation of clinical situations along with the acquisition of fine motor skills comprise an essential aspect of student’s learning experience. However conventional approach to dental training poses certain drawbacks in terms of cost, availability, lack of real clinical cases, shortage of time, clinical supervision, and the funding of raw materials. The introduction of the concept of haptics opens the door to a more realistic clinical experience which is free from the previous limitations. Also, haptics offers the possibility of unlimited training hours by which students can gain skills without demands on manpower and resources. For the improvement of tactile sensation, the sense of touch and force-feedback might offer greater improvements to the existing learning techniques, thus enhancing the quality of education procedures. This paper provides a comprehensive insight into the domain of haptics for enhancing motor skills during clinical training of periodontal procedures.
Uma Sudhakar, Monica M, Mary Julie Prija A, Neya A
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 495-499; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3h.999

Abstract:
Background: Bacterial plaque and calculus are the most common etiological factors associated with gingival and periodontal diseases. Oral health knowledge and attitude by dental students during their academic years and after completion are crucial due to its direct influence on their aptitude to create awareness and perform appropriate treatment modalities at the community level to achieve good oral health. Aim: To determine the oral health behavioral attitude and self-awareness levels by assessing the knowledge of periodontics, a dental wing concerned with gingival and periodontal tissues supporting the teeth among non-clinical dental undergraduate students. Methodology: A total of 111 participants, consisting of 53 undergraduate 1st year BDS and 58 undergraduate 2nd year BDS students who were not exposed to clinical practice participated in this cross-sectional study. Self-administered structured questionnaires with 25 questions were designed based on oral health knowledge, behavior and self-awareness towards periodontics. The data was analyzed by chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis test using SPSS Statistics v. 21.0. Results: On evaluating the knowledge about periodontics it was witnessed86% of students were aware of this dental wing practice among which only 61% had knowledge about the periodontal structures in the oral cavity. Though 50% showed positive attitude towards oral hygiene practices, only 66%were aware about the role of plaque and calculus in periodontal disease process with a statistical significance of p
Neeta Mishra, Sakshi Sharma
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 314-317; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3e.969

Abstract:
Oral health and its effect on mental health of prison inmates: A review and experience
Bosy Thankam Mathew, Girish Kumar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 565-570; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3i.1008

Abstract:
Background: Patients with anterior open bite appear both dentoalveolar component and with increased skeletal vertical dimension. Objectives: The main objective was to treat open bite with an ideal overbite and overjet relationships and to maintain proper intercuspstion with midline correction. Results: The goal of the treatment has been achieved according to patients' desire and satisfactory interdigitation. In further follow up no relapse has been seen. Conclusion: The treatment resulted in an aesthetic, functional, and stable occlusion, along with an improved facial profile.
Mainak Kanti Saha, Manisha Mulchandani, Shilpa Jain, Tanya Wadhwani, Parashar Desai
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 490-494; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i3h.998

Abstract:
The prosthetic management of the edentulous patient has long been a major challenge. Complete maxillary and mandibular dentures have been the traditional standard of care. However, most of the patients report problems adapting to their mandibular denture due to a lack of comfort, retention, stability and inability to masticate. Overdenture provide many advantages over conventional complete denture. These include decreased bone resorption, reduced prosthesis movement, better esthetics, improved tooth position, better occlusion, increased occlusal function and maintenance of the occlusal vertical dimension. This article presents design and fabrication technique of the implant-retained overdenture that uses two freestanding mandibular implants and bar retained tooth supported overdenture.
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