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Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.97-104

Abstract:
The article analyzes and interprets the comprehensive presentation of the development of inclusive education in some Nordic countries, namely Sweden, Norway and Iceland. The article states that the special education is still an alternative form of education for children with special needs who cannot attend secondary schools in the majority of the countries. Thus, the relation between inclusive and special education allows the author to draw some parallels between these two types of study to trace the transition from one to another. The author concludes that the history of inclusive education formation in Sweden, Norway and Iceland has much in common, but the Icelandic education system has characteristics which distinguish it from the two others
, , Tetyana Blyznyuk,
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.87-96

Abstract:
Education in Poland and Ukraine are deeply-rooted in multiculturalism, regionalism and patriotic tradition. In the past, these notions were associated with nobility and great national matters. In the era of democratization, modernization and globalization, these notions acquire a new meaning. They influence diverse aspects of everyday life. Therefore, they ought to be updated and based on didactic theory. It is essential for schools which realize regional, cultural and European educational paths. Formation of educational space of modern educational institutions on the basis of regionalism and multiculturalism is effective for obtaining the following pedagogical principles: nature accordance, culture compliance, humanism, nationalism, multiculturalism, tolerance, harmony between family and school education and others. The authors focus on theoretical reflection
Hryhoriy Vasianovych, Radoslav Mushketa
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.9-17

Abstract:
The article analyses the nature and the content of the term “methodology”, and concludes that so far there is no clear approach to the notion definition. Much attention is paid to determine the relationship between methodology and science, and to reveal dialectical aspects of this relationship. The author studies the main factors of methodology influence on improving teaching reality and pedagogical activity, and defines the role of methodology in forming the content of pedagogical education. It is proved that the improvement of the educational process and study of its main components depends on methodological culture of a teacher
, , Andrii Chervinskyi
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.79-86

Abstract:
The article reveals the peculiarities of the ethnic identity of pupils in school socio-cultural space in the mountain school of Carpathian region. In general, the term “region” as socio-cultural space is generally accepted and a regional approach is an effective form of studying the problems of social and cultural transformations of the country as a whole as well as its socio-cultural educational and other spaces. Such methodological regulation helps to consider national (state) socio-cultural space as a unity of regional spaces. The decisive in resolving the existing contradictions between human activities and the nature of must become all the methods and tools that can help to form the basic culture and human consciousness is that will form the basis for the formation of the ethnic identity of the person
Yurii Zavatskyi, Marianna Toba
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.72-78

Abstract:
The article deals with the problem of spiritual and personal development of the individual, which is relevant both in science and in social practice. The urgency of this problem is due to reasons of several types: First, the current youth committed to the fullest identify and implement their capacity as seeks to “meet” the modern world as an "equal partner"; secondly, to modern human problem of implementation of all its possibilities connected with quite influential social trends of today derived from “the need for self-actualization”, which has acquired the status of social need and value in modern society. The research shows modern approach to spiritual and personal development of young people. We presented the idea of an integrated approach to nature, mechanisms spiritual and personal development of young people. It was established that the socio-psychological meaning of spiritual and personal development of students is the realization of cognitive-intellectual, sensory, emotional, volitional, creative potential, the implementation of advanced qualitative and quantitative change in the value orientations and actions that result in achieving mental integrity and harmony. We established that this can be interpreted as a form of art, because it is individual knowledge of nature, the discovery of own possibilities and implementation
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.64-71

Abstract:
The author focuses on the problem of the development of primary school teacher’s social competence in the conditions of primary education modernization, proves the necessity of the research and substantiates the criteria, indicators and levels of the specified competency development in the system of postgraduate pedagogical education; illustrates the tools of personal and professional component
Oksana Marynovska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.58-63

Abstract:
The article considers the authorial school as a phenomenon of innovative educational practice: it describes the nature of the concept of “authorial school” and ways of modelling the changes in the authorial school, defines the classification features that distinguish it among adaptive, innovative and experimental comprehensive educational institutions. While summarizing the results of content analysis, we revealed that concept “authorial school”, which is interpreted as a comprehensive educational institution with a high level of innovative capacity as the prerequisite and the result of self-development of its competitiveness using means of experimentally tested, original authorial concept of educational system of technological nature that provides stable and positive performance results. The competitiveness of the authorial school is an integrated quality of dynamic nature that characterizes the capability of authorial institution to achieve its own innovation capacity and manifests through the ability of its students to succeed in a competitive environment
Vadym Zavatskyi, Ihor Zhyharenko
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.53-57

Abstract:
The article provides an analysis of the impact on gender identity formation of student life scenarios. It is shown that socio-economic and political changes are factors which change perceptions of themselves and the general picture of the world youth, and is a catalyst for the process of finding one’s own life script or harmonious way of life. The authors established that the individual life path or script must meet the abilities and capabilities of the young man and also be a means of self-realization in life. The paper stated that under current conditions the process of personal and professional self-education related to a number of difficulties, that is why the problem of forming life script personality in adolescence is becoming increasingly important. Based on the scientific approaches the problem of forming life scenarios identity and gender identity problem. We characterize the sample studied, which was caused by the objectives and purpose of the study. The article provided a description of methods by which we conducted the diagnosis of gender identity influence on the formation of individual life scenarios in adolescence. We used the results of correlation analysis
Tetyana Pantiuk, Mykola Pantiuk, Iryna Voloshanska, Zoriana Burkovska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.48-52

Abstract:
The content and the specific process of communicative competence formation of the individuality are justified in the article; social determinants that determine the need to improve this process and harmonization with the needs of society and individuality are defined. The educational, psychological, philosophical sources are analysed, the main directions of research on definite problem are characterized. The essence of communicative competence as the educational phenomenon is found; the importance of communicative competence in today's conditions is proved. The attention is paid to the main principles and methods of communicative competence of the individuality
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.42-47

Abstract:
The article reveals the essence of the methodological principles of the spiritual development of a personality. The results of the theoretical analysis of psychological content of spirituality from the positions of system and structural approach to studying of a personality, age patterns of the mental personality development, the sacramental nature of human person, mechanisms of human spiritual development are taken into consideration. The interpretation of spirituality and the spiritual development of a personality is given. Initial principles of the organization of the empirical research of the spiritual development of a personality (ontogenetic, sociocultural, self-determination, system) are presented. Such parameters of the estimation of a personality’s spiritual development as general index of the development of spiritual potential, indexes of the development of ethical, aesthetical, cognitive, existential components of spirituality, index of religiousness of a personality are described. Methodological support of psychological diagnostic research is defined
Liubomyra Piletska,
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.34-41

Abstract:
The problem is in the sense of professional mobility not only as a process of retraining or adaptation to the profession, as well as continuous personal self-development, transition to another stage career and the acquisition of new social and psychological competences. We considered professional mobility as the foundation a basis of effective response of the personality to the “call” of modern society, the peculiar personal resource which is the cornerstone of effective transformation of public environment and itself in it; the system multilevel phenomenon that requires the integrated, cross-disciplinary approach to the research; internal (motivational and intellectual and strong-willed) potential of the personality, the cornerstone of flexible orientation and activity reaction in dynamic social and professional conditions according to own living positions; provides readiness for changes and realization of this readiness in the activity (readiness of the personality for modern life with his multidimensional factors of the choice) determines professional activity, subjectivity, the creative relation to professional activity, personal development, promotes the effective solution of professional problems. In professional mobility of young students it is important to consider the socio-economic aspects
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.195-199

Abstract:
The article deals with the description and analysis of humor, irony, sarcasm in our life. Different points of view on humor are presented. Theories of the origin of humor (relief, incongruity, superiority) are described. It’s proved that humor is a part of interpersonal communication and it is irreplaceable characteristic and the quality people always seek in other ones. Some features of humor and the categories of irony (verbal, situational and dramatic) are demonstrated. The advantages of using humor by teachers in the classroom are stated. Some episodes from the lives of students in which they use humor, irony and sarcasm are presented. It’s stressed that people were born with the gift of laughter that lifts their spirits, makes them feel happy. The article states that a sense of humor is a good characteristic that helps people to live happily, to stay younger, to endure problems and to influence other people positively
, Oksana Kondur
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.26-33

Abstract:
The article highlights the results of diagnosis of forming moral and aesthetic component of personal and professional readiness of teachers to educational activities in school. The study of moral and aesthetic readiness of students was conveyed using the method of diagnosis empathetic abilities (V. Boyko), the author's methods of detection of readiness for activities of actional moral and aesthetic sense and personal predisposition to conflict behavior (test K. Thomas). The experiment proved that future teachers have had developed moral ideals and spiritual values; and formed aesthetic consciousness (feelings, attitudes, tastes, needs, feelings) and motivation and are ready for active transformative activities in the system of interpersonal communication. The majority of future teachers who participated in the study display a lack of following formed skills and abilities: attention, perception and thinking focused on the state, problems and behavior of another person; emotional sensitivity, the abilities to observe behavior of a partner, traits that promote openness, the ability to understand another person on the mutual basis due to emotional flexibility and the ability to accept other behaviour. This may adversely affect their future professional activities, including working with neglected pupils and their parents. The author considers that a high level of moral consciousness of a teacher being a unity of rational and sensual aspects to facilitate moral and aesthetic relations in professional collaboration
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.186-194

Abstract:
The author focuses on the content of translator and interpreter’s competence, the relevance of the content of Bachelor and Master Degree Programs, formation of translator’s and interpreter’s competences according to the professional demand of the modern environment. The components of translator and interpreter’s competence have been analyzed, the problems related to professional training have been outlined, and possible solutions have been suggested
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.18-25

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the nature of the concepts “classic University”, “cultural and educational space of the University”, “research activity of future professional”, “researcher’s academic culture” and approach to academic culture as the basis of research culture in a university. It is defined that the concept of academic culture is complex. We are talking in general about the culture at the university, values, traditions, norms, rules of scientific research, and the scientific language culture, the culture of spirituality and morality, the culture of communication between science tutors and students, a culture of unique pedagogical action of master and his social, moral responsibility for the studying results. The formation of academic culture and own style, is better to develop on the positions of personal-activity, competence, axiological, cultural, acmeological approaches
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.178-185

Abstract:
The article analyzes the essence of the concept “methodical readiness of future music teacher on the basis of praxeology approach”. The paper shows the result of methodical preparation in higher pedagogical educational institution that reflects the system of needs, motivations, imagination, values, the ability to broadcast or create innovations for improvisation, to forecast the results of own activities; high level of informative knowledge in the field of music art and techniques, skills of use own voice, facial expressions, gestures, techniques and methods for generating and analyzing ideas, successfully apply praxeology educational technologies that maintain the success of musical and pedagogical (singing) activity. The researcher outlined motivationally-valuable, emotional and volitional, cognitive-reflective, creative-projective, behavioral, personally-resulted, organizationally-communicative components, criteria and indicators of analyzed phenomenon
Roksolana Zharkova
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.162-166

Abstract:
The author analyzes the problem of literary education of elementary school students in the contemporary cultural space. The article states that the literary education based on literary Propedevtics of younger students and is based on the process of reading fiction. Therefore, it is important to promote reading, promote children's reading and children's book production in Ukraine. The author concludes that the gradual renewal of the education system, particularly literary education of primary school children should be primarily seen in the development of new textbooks and anthologies that will meet the needs and opportunities of the modern child
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.173-177

Abstract:
The importance of family traditions of creating a complete personality is examined. The content and structure of the educational influence of family education shows the interplay of parents and children in the creation and adherence to family traditions. Some aspects of the original Ukrainian traditional family heritage and feasibility of the Ukrainian people in the field of family education in modern society are revealed by the author
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.167-172

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the LGBT-protagonists as a new type of heroes in modern foreign fairy tales. Such tales are becoming popular in the modern world. So, there is a problem to read or not to read them and if to read how to do it. The best thing is to analyze them not through the LGBT-base, but through the human being. The writers use traditional tale’s plots and heroes and just change sexual nature. LGBT-relationships are typically avoided in children’s books. Such tales put children towards understanding these relationships. They also show that protagonists’ features and acts are more important for readers than their homosexuality. A human with his feelings and acts is the main thing in LGBT-tales
Tetyana Blyznyuk,
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.155-161

Abstract:
In today’s multicultural space we can feel reassessment of existing paradigms of education in view of globalization changes, interstate cooperation in cultural and educational spheres. The article highlights the problem of human adaptation to foreign cultural environment, the contents of ethnographic knowledge, the needs of modern European and global integration. So the paper analyzes and interprets the urgent the idea of using ethnographic materials, including folk art, in teaching humanities and arts subjects in primary school, particularly in native and foreign languages, reading, science, music, manual work, etc
Liana Novitska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.148-154

Abstract:
The problem of correction of affective personality disorders (for example, reducing the manifestations of hyper dynamic syndrome), analyzes the main approaches to its solution. We determined the causes and forms of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity. To characterize the basic correction means reducing the manifestations of hyper dynamic behavior, which includes two areas with different content and psycho social and recreational components. The first direction is connected with the conduct of an individual or group psycho-correction work; the second – social and recreational include tasks aimed at providing social and psychological support to the individual. It is shown that the problem of hyperactive behavior is determined by the individual variability and natural features caused by human development. Psychological studies suggest the importance of external, social factors, primarily adequate forms of organization and communication, the influence of family relations on the manifestations of hyperactivity. It is shown that the implementation of psycho-pedagogical bases of overcoming hyperactivity leads to increased self-esteem, developing the ability to plan and predict their own behavior and, as a consequence – the disclosure of the individual adaptation possibilities
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.140-147

Abstract:
In this paper, we tried to determine the requirements for ESM, to study theoretical aspects of electronic educational resources in the professional activity of future teachers. The results created by the introduction of our course “Methodology development and use of electronic educational resources” for future teachers of technology ITOS in the process of professional specialty “Technology” in the educational process of higher educational institutions of Ukraine. The article states the rapid development of computer hardware and computer software, IT technologies have an opportunity to significantly develop the field of electronic educational resources. This is due to the emergence of global networks where information technologies have become the second paradigm, which is based on the current understanding of electronic educational resources. We determined that the dynamism inherent in information technology, enabling expectations of new approaches that will change the meaning of electronic educational resources
Artem Smoliuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.126-132

Abstract:
The article presents reasonably organizational and pedagogical conditions of professional self-development of primary school teachers, namely: support of positive motivation of achievement as meeting internal needs of the individual in professional self-development; the use of cognitive and informative opportunities of the content psychological and pedagogical and methodical disciplines for the formation of didactic complex and technological knowledge and skills, abilities to integrate spatial and substantive, informative and motivational, psychological, social and communication components of the educational environment of teachers’ training college; creating rich social and communicative space in the course of interactive cooperation of learning subjects to create students’ “success situations” and demonstrating positive experience of the professional success. The result of these organizational and pedagogical conditions of the professional self-development of primary school teachers have reflexive-value treatment to the personality as a future teacher and professional considering his or her strengths and weaknesses, formed a high level of readiness for professional self-development in his or her chosen profession
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.133-139

Abstract:
The paper defines philosophical categories of good and evil in the process of upbringing and development of the personality. People are good by nature. That is why they tend towards the good, they desire what is good, they feel bad and do not function well when they are touched by evil. Goodness is part of the natural environment of the human being; goodness is the natural climate of the human person. At the same time, however, people perform bad deeds. They create evil. They often harm others. This is the cause of disorder in a person's environment. It turns out that the only effective and reasonable means of restoring such order is forgiveness. It is the only thing that has a chance to realistically stop the potential avalanche of evil that appears to be the obvious result of wrongdoing and “nurturing” harm or planning revenge. The evil that “insidiously” enters the world creates the need for forgiveness as the only way to respond to harm; as a way that leads to real order in a person's environment
Maria Stakhiv,
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.110-116

Abstract:
This article considers the theoretical and practical issues of sociocultural competence of Ukrainian students of higher educational institutions; the priorities of the sociocultural education paradigm were analyzed; in this context, the issue of training future teachers to work in terms of a personality oriented teaching approach was presented. On the basis of the analysis conducted on psycho-pedagogical and methodological literature that covers the raised problems, a number of methodological and pedagogical ideas which provide for the formation of social and cultural mobility of future teachers were determined in order to ensure pupils’ sociocultural development
Nataliya Zavatska, Ulyana Mykhaylyshyn
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.117-125

Abstract:
The article shows that the specificity of a holistic personality adjustment process in social systems is not confined only because of the peculiarities of its elements, such as the personal maturity, changes in the social conditions of the environment, and is determined by the interaction of structural components of the adaptive capacity of the individual. This maladjustment of one of these components will inevitably impact on the integrity of the individual adaptation process. It was determined that based on the analysis of the structural components of adaptation of the person (socially adapted situation, social need for adaptive, adaptive psychological need) there is the need to clarify the role of each of these components in the process of adaptation of the person. In the context of investigations under the holistic process of social adaptation of personality in social systems we mean active mutual adaptation of the individual and the social environment to each other in order to create a harmonious cooperation for the effective functioning of the individual in these social systems. Violation of this process or the implementation of its social disapproved or antisocial ways leads to the violation of the integrity of the adaptation process and it flows in unacceptable forms of society. It is emphasized that social exclusion leads to disruption of the socialization process, reflected in the increasing complexity of learning and the use of social roles, values and attitudes. In accordance with the social work we should pay attention to the replacement of anti-social norms, values and attitudes to prosocial. This process we treat as a social reinsertion - purposefully organized restructuring of the moral and valuable personality and behavioral areas that promotes the formation of social and value orientations and behavior. It was stated that the whole process of social adaptation of the person can provide awareness and reflection of environmental changes in the social systems of the environment; activity of the person in the regulation of adaptive capacity; transformation of adaptive capacity into more complex and sophisticated forms of interaction with the surrounding reality
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.4.1.105-109

Abstract:
The author analyzes the features of training future teachers in the system of continuous education, emphasizes the need for systematic, focused, continuous improvement, and self-fulfillment. The article noted that in preparation for future professional activities in higher education are formed the basic skills and accumulated knowledge and experience that will serve as an effective teacher’s growth, his creative work, the desire for further improvement. The author concludes that continuous education today serves not only the guarantee of the state and society, but also personal needs of each person
N. I. Telegina, T. O. Butsyak
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.90-94

Abstract:
For the purpose of defining Iris Murdoch’s artistic method a complex investigation of the problems and style of her famous novel “The Black Prince” was made. Special attention was given to the philosophical problems of Good and Evil, Contingency and Necessity in human life, absurdity, choice, aloofness, to the philosophical aspect of the novel, which is revealed with the help of the flash-back technique. The problems raised in the novel, its sensitive main character absorbed in psychoanalysis and looking for the sense of existence, naturalistic details & the postscripts, revealing different subjective points of view on the same events, prove that the novel should be regarded as existentialist
N. Ya. Yatskiv
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.84-89

Abstract:
The article studies the aesthetic theories of the French art of the middle of the XIX century through the interaction between literature and painting. In the novel “Manette Salomon” the Goncourt brothers formulate their innovative views of the ways of the development of art through the artists’ efforts to express Beauty. The five painters, different in terms of talent and skill, express the writers’ pluralism in creating the aesthetic ideal. The writers are on the side of those who constantly strive for self-improvement, who do not approve of imitating reality but invent in constant creative torments new ways and techniques in order to express one’s own individual perception
M. I. Kovbaniuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.9-15

Abstract:
The article in question deals with the comparative analysis of the semantico-syntactic structure of the non-elementary sentence with Ukrainian Participle and French Gerund from the standpoint of the second predicate functioning. It has been confirmed that the secondary predication in a simple non-elementary sentence structure is fulfilled while participation of three main components: primary predicate, subject and secondary predicate. The main second predicate semantic types as well as the factors and preconditions of the secondary predication realization have been distinguished and outlined
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.70-75

Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to determine the ludic function of precedent-related phenomena as a type of intertextuality. The analysis is done on the basis of relevance theoretic approach, through which we aim to show the additional cognitive effect which is created by precedent-related phenomena in media discourse, and this comic effect serves as a foundation for the ludic function of these units
O. A. Bigun
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.76-83

Abstract:
The article deals with the first exemplars of the psalms translations into French and Ukrainian. Sociohistorical factors leading to a departure from canonical languages are analyzed. Similarities and differences in the process of psalms translation into national languages are identified. Translations of psalms are spread in those countries where the national language and literature are at the stage of search and formation. At that, both in Protestant and Catholic poetry one can easily trace the tendency for the departure from the original, the manifestation of individual author’s origin due to the movements for the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation which considerably changed attitude towards individuality. The Book of Psalms, having its problematic and thematic elaboration of the expression of human feelings, distinctive lyricism, strength and intensity of emotions, bright ideas, providential vigour, precision and great simplicity in the poetic representation of religious feeling, in this case became a universal model prototext which inspired poets to its further actualization
U. I. Tykha
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.64-69

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the analysis of structural and functional manifestations of multimodal diversity in postmodernist fiction texts. Multimodality is defined as the coexistence of more than one semiotic mode within a certain context. Multimodal texts feature a diversity of semiotic modes in the communication and development of their narrative. Such experimental texts subvert conventional patterns by introducing various semiotic resources – verbal or non-verbal
L. V. Mykhailiuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.54-57

Abstract:
The article deals with the problem of teaching vocabulary. Different aspects of vocabulary (pronunciation, spelling, grammar, collocation, meaning, word formation) are considered alongside with efficient vocabulary testing techniques
O. T. Siredzhuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.58-63

Abstract:
In the article, the notion of an occasionalism was studied; its place and role in the media discourse were outlined. While analyzing occasionalisms according to the theory of relevance by D. Sperber and D. Wilson, the inferential processes in the interpretation of utterances containing occasionalisms were traced. Thanks to conducted analysis, the meaning of occasional units was inferred, the pragmatic characteristics of these units were described and the effects, which they produce in media texts, were singled out
S. I. Lypka
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.47-53

Abstract:
The article presents comprehensive research of the semantic field comprising different parts of speech denoting impertinent behaviour in modern German. The author uses a combination of system-centric and anthropocentric approaches to determine the nominative space covered by the constituents of the lexical-semantic field and to identify their systemic, syntagmatic, paradigmatic and epidigmatic characteristics. The semantic features of the systemic structure (i.e. the lexical-semantic field) are described with the help of formalized quantitative (approximate and static) methods
О. Ya. Ostapovych
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.33-41

Abstract:
The article deals with the modern theoretical concept in study of the variation of German phraseology abroad Germany. It is based on the synthesis of the theory of equal-righted pluricentrism with the new achievements of the cognitive linguistics. As a result the national state linguistic variant is considered as different from the regional, normatively non-codified and dialectal variation, a kind of cluster variant idiomatic thesaurus. The hypothesis of the structural isomorphy of the variant phraseology compared to the common German one has been empirically verified and vice versa - the hypothesis of the quantitative predominance in the Austrian phraseology of the structural model Adj+Sub under the Slavic linguistic influence has also been falsified
R. V. Ugryniuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.42-46

Abstract:
This article is an attempt to describe the reflection of the concept POLITENESS in the language based on material in bulk (11 064 cases of occurrences of the key word Höflichkeit), which were taken from the Mannhein German Reference Corpus (COSMAS). The article analyzes the complex features of the concept of German modern language. According to the material, the most frequent features of the concept are diplomacy (3552) as the establishment of international relations, formality (2210) in compliance with generally accepted standards of conduct, acquired feature (1820) produced under the influence of certain conditions of social environment and success (1604) in everyday affairs and in the professional field. Less important appeared demonstrative politeness (522) to cause an affirmative attitude, hospitality (498) and features of good manners (780) of other nationalities in the view of nativ German speakers. The non relevant features are innateness (22) and falsity, untruth (56). Thus, the politeness in the imagination of native German speakers has formal, sometimes, ritual character, it is a social feature and serves to successfully perform various kinds of tasks
V. B. Velykoroda, N. O. Liabyga
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.16-19

Abstract:
The paper aims at analyzing abbreviation as one of the most productive ways of coining neologisms in mass media. The focus is made on the study of initial abbreviation and its subtypes; the authors discover several new ways of coining abbreviations. The analysis encompasses two major characteristics of abbreviations in mass media: their form and encoded meaning
N. Ye. Pyliachyk, O. V. Vasylyk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.27-32

Abstract:
The paper deals with the cognitive features of “the EU” and “Brexit” concepts in the British political discourse. The study demonstrates that the political actors treat “The EU” and “Brexit” terms differently and resort to a series of strategies for the ambiguity of such concepts in the political communication. The analysis carried out in this paper shows that the meaning of the concepts is not something static but rather dynamic, which changes depending on the conceptual metaphor being imposed
M. R. Tkachivska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.20-26

Abstract:
The article deals with subcultures and their characteristic linguistic properties. Subculture is characterized by a number of designations that serve as a code for communication between “themselves”, as a means of isolating and creating opposition, for self-expression, etc. As most subcultures are represented by young people, youth language absorbs lexical units peculiar for subcultures. Despite the fact that lexicon of subcultures as well as the youth language in general is influenced by the flow of time and changes, it is mostly recorded in the dictionaries, some of it goes into the spoken language, which is used not only by young, but middle and older generation, especially when it comes to notions which emerged at the time of their youth (for example, certain designations in music). Based on the study of German scientists who distinguish the main characteristics of subcultures and inherent for them groups of the most used lexical units, one can observe both coincidence and divergence of lexical units meaning recorded in the dictionaries. Besides specific notions indicating certain characteristics of one or another subgroup (related to music, fashion etc.), subcultures mainly use the youth and spoken language and if necessary a literary one. In the language of subcultures the intensifiers such as, voll, total, echt, tierisch, unheimlich, irre etc are used to reinforce the quality. In the Ukrainian writers’ translations into German one can notice a number of analyzed lexical units typical for the language of subcultures as well as for the youth language in general
O. V. Karbashevska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.107-120

Abstract:
The paper discusses poetics of the traditional ballad, reflecting family relations and conflicts in Ukrainian and British folklore. This comparative research has its base on the classification of the Ukrainian ballad developed by O. Dei, with the involvement of the systematization of the English ballad by F. Child, is guided by the postulates of O. Dey and G. Gerould as for the plot direction of Ukrainian and British domestic-household ballads, and is focused upon the analysis of the opposition “husband – wife” on the material of Ukrainian songs from the cycle II – B: “Fidelity testing of the family and the spouse”, namely the plot type II – B-1: “the wife (the sweetheart) pretends to be dead and tests her husband (her sweetheart) and relatives” (6 versions, 117 lines), and the English work Child № 29: “The Boy and the Mantle” (1 version, 190 lines). The comparison and analysis of the named texts reveal their typology and uniqueness
O. O. Kulchytska, M. P. Bodnarchuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.100-106

Abstract:
One of the factors in the popularity of Michael Swan’s poetry is a unique combination of a comparatively simple form and deep, subtle meanings that even an inexperienced reader cannot but sense. In linguistics, the phenomenon is dubbed implicitness. In Michael Swan’s poetic texts, implicit meanings are generated through the violation of the maxims of the co-operative principle (conversational implicature) and/or through the use of specific techniques: simplicity of outward form, tropes, irony, attention to detail, contrast and opposition, repetition, punch line, the effect of the author’s presence in the text or distancing from the content
E. Ye. Mintsys, E. A. Chik
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.4.95-99

Abstract:
The article presents a survey of the metaphor- and simile-related researches in modern linguistics and considers stylistic functions of metaphors and similes in contemporary fiction. It is based on the novel The Goldfinch (2013) written by the American writer D. Tartt, the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (2014). It proves that the tropes in question used in the book are unique and striking. They perform figurative and descriptive functions, contribute to the expressiveness and emotiveness of the text, help to convey the characters’ psychological frame of mind and produce a dramatic effect
Olga Derkachova
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.79-83

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the mental space of game in polish fairy tale Our Mother is anEnchantress by Joanna Papuzinska. Modeled reality in Papuzińska’s book has a double-levelstructure consisting of the real world and fairy world, where children get involved with the help oftheir mother’s game. The plot of the tale is shaped by an imaginary act of creating a special mentalspace of game
, Monika Łętocha
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.62-67

Abstract:
Diseases of the twenty-first century contribute significantly to the deterioration of thequality of human life and shorten its length. A healthy lifestyle is to ensure optimal health andminimise the risk of contemporary diseases of civilization. The aim of the article is to present theopinions on healthy lifestyle of the junior high school students from Myślenice district in Poland
, , Sergiy Sydoriv
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.99-105

Abstract:
The article defines the essence of inclusive education and characterizes students withspecial needs. The status and problems of implementing inclusive education in Ukraine areanalyzed. The basic ethical principles of educational activities for pupils with special educationalneeds are defined. The authors set emphasis on the following issues: adaptation of the physicalenvironment for the proper functioning of persons with disabilities; overcoming stereotypes ofteaching professionals concerning psychological acceptance of inclusion; financing institutionswith planned implementation of inclusive education; developing special educational programs forschools with inclusive education and training of qualified professionals to work in inclusiveeducational environment
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.9-14

Abstract:
The paper presents the results of the research of educational ideals in a philosophicalcontext. The essence of the educational ideal is shown in interrelations of the categories“opportunity” and “reality”, “concrete” and “abstract”, “content” and “form”, “cause” and“effect”, “freedom” and “necessity”. The author emphasizes the need to reorient moderneducational process on universal values for successful integration. Much attention is paid tonational educational ideal of a personality. The necessity of taking into account the pedagogicalwork of the teacher ideological, political, ethnic, religious, racial differences among students, atolerant attitude to their philosophical ideas and beliefs. The research deals with the need to focuson joint counteraction to extremism and terrorism
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.88-98

Abstract:
The aim of the research study is to investigate the quality of life of seniors at home andtheir satisfaction in the domains of physical health, survival, social relations and the environmentitself.Design studio. We conducted the study on a sample of 80 respondents / seniors living at home inVranov nad Topľou. For processing the obtained data, we used the following statistical methods -the Fisher's F-test and Student's t-test. For detecting the data from respondents we chose ananonymous standardized questionnaire WHOQOL-BREF (World Health Organization Quality ofLife - BREF), which is a shortened version of the WHOQOL-100. As completion of this study is theimplementation of mechanisms supporting the quality of life of seniors in a natural environmentwith an emphasis on preventive measures of social policy to maintain a reasonable quality of life
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.3.2-3.84-87

Abstract:
The article deals with verbal means of persuasion in English advertising. It investigatesmanipulation tactics and features of persuasion in the English ad. Linguistic and cultural aspects ofstyle formation in English and Ukrainian ads are compared in the article
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