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Hermenegilda C. Fernandez
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v16i1.1088

Abstract:
Sexual harassment is a worldwide phenomenon. It can occur in the workplace or at school. Thus, this descriptive study was conducted to determine the extent of implementation of the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act (RA 7877) as assessed by the students and faculty/personnel. The respondents were the randomly sampled college students of the College. Researcher-made survey questionnaire and interview schedule were used for data gathering. Data were analyzed and interpreted using percentage, mean and t-test. Results reveal that the College implemented to a moderate extent the Anti-sexual Harassment Act (RA 7877). The school has in place implementing measures and carries out dissemination of RA’s provisions as evidenced by the moderate satisfaction and awareness of the school’s stakeholders – the students and the faculty/personnel.However, the stakeholders’ moderate satisfaction and awareness suggest a need for the school to intensify its efforts in implementing the Act to make the stakeholders fully aware of the Act, toinvolve the stakeholders in the fight against sexual harassment through comprehensive information campaign during meetings and symposia and classroom instruction, and to stipulate the RA’s provisions in manuals/handbooks and information technology-based communication platform.
Luzviminda Padios-Relon
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v16i1.1091

Abstract:
The traditions of certain groups or communities may change as new values may emerge and later be integrated into the society. This scenario has been evident among the indigenous peoples. Contrary to this, however, there are some minorities that can preserve their customs, beliefs, and practices. Other IPs’ existence, however, is unknown to many, especially among the younger ones nowadays. This study described the sociocultural experiences of the Bago students of University of Northern Philippines together with the problems they have encountered as a result of their exposure and dealings with the lowlanders. The descriptive research design was employed and utilized interview and observation methods. The respondents were purposively chosen. Based on the findings, the Bago students are incognizant of some elements of their customs, beliefs, and practices for they have been influenced by other groups or communities. They tend to be peace-loving, open-minded, and willing to accept changes, as manifested in mingling harmoniously with fellow students. Based on the findings, it is recommended that an organization be created, and programs are designed in the University that will serve as an avenue for the Bago students to showcase their unique culture. This will contribute in raising the level of awareness of the UNP community regarding their rich cultural heritage.
Jr. Pablo B. Bose, Maria Rebecca B. Talledo, Maria Digna T. Bose, Pablo B. Bose, Jr.
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v16i1.1092

Abstract:
The loom woven cloth reveals the distinct and rich culture of Abra. It displays intricate designs, arts, and patterns which reveal the ingenuity of the Abrenio. This study aimed to determine the different geometric concepts, shapes, designs, arts and patterns present in the loom woven product. It also attempted to identify meanings and cultural implications exhibited in the colors and embroidery stitches present in the loom woven cloth of Abra. The study made use of ethno-math research design. Interview of the loom weavers and actual examination of the loom woven cloth were done in this study. Key informants helped the researchers validate their prior knowledge about the geometric transformations present in the loom woven cloth of Abra. It was found out that there are geometric concepts and transformations produced from the color combinations of the warp and weft threads. Furthermore, there are ethnic meanings of the different embroidery stitch designs present in the loom woven cloth of Abra. The result of the study will be utilized as instructional material in math and allied subjects; and likewise a way of promoting the loom weaving industry of Abra.
Jerald U. Saculles
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v16i1.1090

Abstract:
John Gray, in his book Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus, explored the differences in the behaviors and languages of men and women by means of his eponymous metaphor that men and women are from distinct planets and that each gender is acclimated to its own planet’s society and customs, but not to those of the other. This metaphor is anchored on the Difference Theory, popularized by Deborah Tannen, which examines the effect that gender has on language use. This study, therefore, is an attempt to explore differences in male and female language in English, Filipino, and Iloco. It seeks to determine the linguistic features that characterize the language of the two groups represented by 100 students from LORMA Colleges. These include language preference; linguistic borrowing; dynamics of code-switching; use of adjectives in English Filipino, and Iloco; and syntactic complexity. Language differences also cover topic preferences of men and women; topics considered not in good taste for conversation, taboo words and the euphemisms used to skirt them, the use of cathartic expressions, the use of cuss words, reasons for uttering cuss words, and the source of learning cuss words. Furthermore, this study also explores how men and women perceive each other’s language, and they’re own.
Ramil S. Bulilan
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v16i1.1086

Abstract:
Reading is for communication and inseparable with comprehension. Without comprehension, reading becomes meaningless. However, comprehension can be affected by lots of factors. In this study, speed was primarily presumed as such. Thus, it sampled 234 freshmen of Bohol Island State University, Clarin, Bohol, Philippines. The study utilized descriptive-correlational survey method which specifically gathered respondent’s preferred communication skills, attitudes towards reading, levels of comprehension, difference among attitudes towards reading, and the correlation between speed and comprehension. In determining reading proficiency, speed and comprehension tests were made. Results showed that in comprehension, respondents from the College of Teacher Education were very good readers, and only good readers were from the College of Technology and Allied Sciences. Respondents’ uncertain attitude towards reading was manifested in their strong preference of listening than reading. Most of them found difficulty in dealing with higher order comprehension skills. Respondents were below average in speed and only good in comprehension. It showed a highly significant difference on their attitudes towards reading. Furthermore, their speed and comprehension were correlated, which means that comprehension was dependent upon their speed; hence, that the slower they read, the poorer they comprehend.
Analyn Q. Villaroman
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 16; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v16i1.1089

Abstract:
The media often portray men as violent. This study of two men’s groups, MOVE-Davao, and MR GAD seeks to find an alternative discourse of men joining groups that are geared towards the attainment of gender equality. The study looked into the lives of men who are members of two gender advocacy groups and their reasons for engagement. It employed qualitative approach- social phenomenology where 12 participants were interviewed. Participants of MOVE-Davao mostly hold key positions in both public and private sectors. For MR GAD, most men members are direct service providers in their respective communities especially on the aspect of dispute resolution. As men of MOVE-Davao and MR GAD have become involved in the gender advocacy groups, their life experiences suggest a myriad of opportunities for displaying their creativeness, communicating with fellow men, counseling couples, transforming one’s self and other people and enjoying the group’s activities despite some challenges encountered. Men’s engagement in these gender advocacy groups is anchored on caring and helping others. Other reasons include their love for children, being free from gender stereotypes and the material and non-material rewards. The study recommends that men must be given space to participate in development work as they bring a new strategy so that they can affect new consciousness not just in the formal structures of power but also at the informal level.
Ma. Dolores L. Aday
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v15i1.1071

Abstract:
This study deals on how the Cebuano high school students are exposed to a second language--English and Filipino, their attitudes towards learning the same and their level of proficiency in such languages. A non-probability convenience sampling was conducted in three high schools in Cebu City getting 171 respondents. They were made to take a language proficiency test in Filipino and English. Interviews and focused group discussions were also done to assess clearly their competence in both languages. The study showed that their exposure to a language counts much in achieving language proficiency. The study, however, negates the relationship between the students’ level of proficiency and their attitude towards learning both languages. Further, this study illustrates how the Bilingual Education Policy as well as the new trends of the Mother Tongue-Based Learning had contributed more to the decline of the students’ English proficiency. The domains of English are contracting while those of the Filipino language as well as the regional dialects are expanding. School administrators must look into the language policy in schools to improve the English language competency of the students and make them more globally competitive.
Eduardo P. Malagapo
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v15i1.1073

Abstract:
Today, schools are mandated to improve for global competitiveness, particularly those under the K to 12 curriculums. The study investigates the competitiveness of Al-Andalus International School under the K to 12 curriculums as basis for strategy formulation. The study used the descriptive method involving internal and external analysis of forces that affect business operations. Results showed that the Al-Andalus International School is able to manage the forces of change in its environment and is prepared under the K to 12 curriculums. Strategic plans are in place to insure competitiveness and sustainability in the future.
Hermenegilda C. Fernandez
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v15i1.1068

Abstract:
Prevention and protection of children from abuse, maltreatment or violence, depends on data obtained through scientific research. Thus, this descriptive study design was conducted to determine the extent of awareness of child abuse prevention measures and child protection laws. RA 7610 guarantees special child protection against child abuse, RA 7877 known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 guarantees workers protection in the workplace and training or educational environment. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) as an international legal instrument against child abuse. These child protection laws are assessed by the randomly sampled college students/faculty and personnel of the College. Findings reveal that students are highly aware of matters about child abuse and the preventive measures the school has. Nevertheless, such high level of awareness among students does not directly influence the effectiveness of the school’s effort in educating the students about child abuse because the information about child abuse is sourced not from the school but by external sources particularly the electronic platform. Such finding implies that the school has to take full advantage of the Internet in communicating its programs and measures relevant to child protection from abuses.
Henry L. Langam, Jr., Jr. Henry L. Langam
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v15i1.1072

Abstract:
In teaching revolution of the Earth, the proper instructional material should be used to appreciate fully and understand the concept. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of the Interactive Video Approach to learning revolution of the Earth. This research utilizes experimental, correlation, and descriptive research designs, and employed validated researcher-made test and attitude questionnaire to 52 respondents. The t-test and Pearson r Correlation were used to analyze the data. The researcher administered the pretest and then conducted the instruction utilizing Interactive Video Approach and Traditional Approach. Posttests were then administered to measure the academic achievement and attitude of the respondents. The scores of the respondents taught using the interactive video approach were higher compared to traditional approach. The overall weighted mean value of 3.42, with the variation of 0.62 indicates higher perceived value with the consistency of perceived responses. Results revealed that there is an extremely significant difference between the students’ performance in the traditional and interactive video approach, with p-value <.001. This further indicates that, on the average, the interactive video method is more efficient compared to the traditional teaching approach. There was also no significant relationship between the respondents’ attitude on the approach and their posttest scores with p-value 0.603.
Billy Joel B. Ramos, Kriza Geneva Kaye P. Durano, Armacel G. Allego
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v15i1.1070

Abstract:
The curriculum is the “source of life” for the school, which inherently determines its success or failure. Assessment of the effectiveness of a Psychology Curriculum will measure the level of Competency of the psychology graduates. The chief purpose of this study was to find out whether the 2009 revised BS Psychology curriculum is effective in developing the level of competency among 45 junior and senior psychology majors of Liceo de Cagayan University, Philippines, SY 2012-2013. It employed the descriptive design. Survey questionnaires were utilized as tools to gather the data which were collated and treated using the mean and regression analysis.The resultsreveal the computed p-value of the measured aspects of 2009 Revised Psychology Curriculum and its relationship to the overall level of competency of the Junior and Senior Psychology students. It can be gleaned that all of the areas/indicators of Curriculum such as Content (p-value=0.608), Facilities (p-value=0.316), Faculty Professionalism and Behavior (p-value=0.378) have no significant relationship to the level of competency since the p-values exceeded the 0.05 level of significance. It is logical to assume that what brought about these changes in their attitude, skills, and knowledge is the impact that the curriculum has made on their competencies. The study recommends that future researchers have to identify other indicators (e.g. syllabi content per major subject) of a curriculum which may predict or may have a significant relationship with the level of competency of psychology
Mariquit M. Obrero, Mario P. Obrero
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v14i1.1037

Abstract:
A Thermodynamics class of eleven second year college students was exposed to a constructivist learning intervention, which addressed their prior knowledge and engaged them in interactive instructional tasks in cooperative groups of two or three. The study found out the extent of conceptual change attained by the students. It also tested whether the extent of conceptual change was significantly influenced by the students’ attitudes towards constructivism, small-group learning, and physics. Conceptual change, indicated by the replacement of an alternative conception by the correct conception, was measured using a misconception test. The students’ attitudes were determined using a set of questionnaires. Results show that most of the initial alternative conceptions held by the students were changed to scientifically accepted conceptions after the intervention. Their posttest scores were found to be statistically higher than their pretest scores. The concept maps they prepared after the intervention showed the relationships among various Thermodynamic concepts correctly. The students had positive attitudes towards constructivism, small-group learning, and physics. They appreciated the intervention and the meaningful learning experience they had. The students’ attitudes significantly influenced their extent of conceptual change. The constructivist approach has been found to be effective in promoting conceptual change and, thus, it is recommended for use in physics classes. Keywords-Physics Education, Students’ Alternative Conceptions in Thermodynamics, Conceptual Change, Student Attitudes, Constructivism, Small-Group Learning, Descriptive Method, Case Study, Vigan City, Philippines
Le Dinh Tung
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v14i1.1034

Abstract:
The awareness of cultural beliefs and customs seems not to have attracted adequate attention during the phase of teaching and learning in ESP courses. The requirements of effective and appropriate interaction and communication with other cultures (Wiseman, Hammer, & Nishida, 1989) bring this matter to ESP teachers and learners. That studying merely from the course book and completing the given tasks discourages students from exploring the world, which expects a more efficient way to include language acquisition and cultural awareness. This paper explores the correlation of cultural awareness and blended learning in which educator in charge of a tourism class can raise students’ cultural communicative competence together with their understanding of global culture. Some of the key issues of this pedagogical methodology also can be discussed regarding language learning, cultural awareness and self-studying in an ESP course. Keywords-Cultural awareness, blended learning, ESP, cultural communicative competence, language acquisition, Vietnam
Shella Debbie N. Contridas, Dodelon F. Sabijon, Jasmin T. Bayron, Esmeraldo E. Damuag, Donn A. Oberes
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v14i1.1032

Abstract:
Dangerous drugs cause side effects to users for they are not a 100% safe as many people think. The dangers of drug use depend on the drug, set and setting factors. This study assessed the implementation of the drugs prevention and control programs of the Philippine National Police (PNP) and auxiliary members in the selected villages of Cebu City, the Philippines of the year 2014. The descriptive correlational method of research was used. The study employed researchers-made questionnaire using convenient sampling method in gathering information from the respondents. The accumulated data were treated using simple percentage, weighted mean, rank, and Chi-square test of independence. The respondents were the 320-barangay officials from selected barangays in the north and south districts of Cebu City and 40 police personnel in each police station that has jurisdiction over the selected barangays in the City of Cebu. The study revealed that most of the respondents are from ages 34-41, males, and are married. The level of implementation in both educational and rehabilitation approaches shows that the respondents are implementing the programs. The law enforcement approach revealed that the respondents are fully implementing the programs. The most common problems encountered are the lack of regular funding, lack of cooperation from the community, and lack of facilities for an individual program. It was concluded that law enforcement approach was implemented in the prevention and control of the dangerous drugs in Cebu City, Philippines. Keywords-Criminal Justice, dangerous drugs, descriptive correlational method, Philippines
, Vincent Obara Ossai
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v14i1.1035

Abstract:
The study investigated students’ productivity in secondary schools in Bayelsa State. The population of the study was 167 secondary schools with 2,487 teachers in Bayelsa State. A sample size of 497 teachers was drawn using the stratified sampling technique, which represented 20% of the population. The instrument used was the questionnaire titled Students and Teachers Education Productivity Questionnaire (STEPQ) with a reliability co-efficient index of .733. Document analysis was also used. Five (5) research questions guided the study. Mean, standard deviation, graph and chart were used for the data analysis. The findings of the study revealed a low level of students’ academic performance (50.2%) even when there were more qualified teachers in the schools with high teacher/student ratio of 1:16. It was recommended that teachers should be properly supervised to improve their teaching methods. Extra time should be spent to teach students after school and teachers should be compensated for such additional efforts to keep students busy instead of idling and wasting their time on feverous activities after school in the community. Keywords-Education, Student’s Productivity, Descriptive Method, descriptive method, Bayelsa State
Benita R. Padayhag, Roel D. Taroc, Hermilita L. Paculba, Samuel M. Daug, Gilbert P. Sumalpong, Margarito S. Sugabo
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v14i1.1033

Abstract:
This study was determined about their course, age, sex, marital status, average family monthly income, membership in fraternity or sorority, family background, and living arrangements while studying at Siquijor State College. More respondents are males, single, in the age bracket of above 20 years old and living below poverty line. The majority is not members of sorority/fraternity; living with their families where they travel to school every day, and they have complete parents. They are very much aware of the effects of drugs on their jobs and of the shipping companies’ drug policy. Moreover, they are also much aware of the general, safety, and legal implications of alcohol and drug abuse in the maritime sector. Their profiles do not affect the awareness level on PADAMS and with their grades in the subject. Between grades and the awareness level on PADAMS, the positive correlation is weak. Every move that should be undertaken by the administration of Siquijor State College-Maritime Education Program should be geared towards the development of the students particularly in the continuous education, information and campaign against drug abuse. Keywords - Health Education of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the Maritime Sector, Performance, Maritime Education, Descriptive design, Siquijor, Philippines
E. Adenrele Haastrup
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v14i1.1036

Abstract:
In this descriptive survey, an effort was focused on investigating the challenges faced by visually impaired students of the University of Lagos. The population for the study comprised of male and female visually impaired students on a regular full-time programme of the University. A total of forty-two students representing 93.3% of the population (46) were involved in the survey using quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. Data were collected using a self- developed and validated questionnaire named Visually Impaired Students Study (VISSS) (r=0.89), two focus group discussions (one male and one female) and an in-depth interview. The quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics to present data while inferential statistics of Chi-square was used to test the hypothesis. Information gathered through the FGD and IDI were treated using content analysis method. The study statistically revealed that: the University of Lagos provided a conducive learning environment for students with visual impairment. However, respondents were of the opinion that a lot more need to be done in the following areas of challenge: lecturer-student relationship; delivery of lecture; and conduct of examination including venue and invigilation. The study recommends employment of staff (academic and non-academic) with a background in special education; and training of lecturers in interacting with students with visual impairment. In the interim, dialogue/interaction between the university authority and students with different types of impairment should also be scaled up. Keywords- Visual Impaired, Students, University of Lagos, Conducive learning environment, hostel accommodation, Response to complaints
Nipa Ouppara
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.927

Abstract:
At present, higher education institutions (HEIS) need to adopt strategic actions designed to improve quality systems and gain a sustainable competitive advantage. One way in which a university can differentiate its service offering from the competitors is through the provision of excellent service quality. While the benefits of service quality have long been accepted, there are still many schools that ignore its importance. This research investigates the students’ extent of satisfaction in terms of service quality provided by three leading public universities in Thailand. The paper focuses in understanding the concept of academic service quality in the context of attaining global excellence. The results show that the students were very satisfied with the services provided to them in terms of reliability, tangibility, assurance, empathy and responsiveness. In addition, the data disclose that adopting service quality contributed to the attainment of the schools’ thrust in achieving global excellence. The information that were collected through the use of the questionnaire served the as primary source of information. Unstructured interviews were conducted to substantiate the primary data gathered. Service quality in this study was evaluated based on an integrated experience that happens in a network of learning sphere created to promote quality education among the students. Keywords - Global excellence, level of satisfaction, service quality, quality systems, competitive advantage, SERQUAL model, Thailand
Victoria P. Padilla
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.935

Abstract:
Life is certainly not a fairytale and in this kind of situation, “happily ever after” is not very common. These are the stories of five women-survivors of domestic violence who dreamed of having a happy family, but in the end, their dreams contradicted reality. This interpretivist qualitative study was designed to look into a deeper understanding of collective accounts of women-survivors of domestic violence. The narrative inquiry was employed using the in-depth interview method. The study revealed that these women experienced various forms of domestic violence and were caused by men’s bad habits, problems arising from the family, and jealousy of a man or a woman. Several strategies were employed by these women to improve their lives. This tough decision to free themselves from the abuse made them better individuals, developed a stronger bond with their children, and increased faith in God. Keywords - Domestic Violence, Violence against Women, and Children, Survivors
Arthur S. Velasco
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.930

Abstract:
This study is focused on the prosecution as a major service component of the criminal justice system and analyzes the changing role of prosecutors in light of the Philippine and global prosecutorial demands of the 21st century. This study employs an institutional development approach for strengthening the prosecutorial services from the traditional approach case processor to a proactive and cost-effective approach that could make prosecutors meet community demands in preventing crimes. Overall, the study will attempt to improve the National Prosecution Service (NPS) of the Philippines in terms of: (a) qualification, selection and training; (b) case handling; and (c) interaction with criminal justice actors. The study will further determine the involvement of the community in the successful prosecution of cases. Finally, the NPS will be able to make a design implement the community prosecution service in the Philippines during the 21st Century. Survey, group discussion, interview, and triangulation were done to answer the research problems. The survey questionnaires were gathered from the following respondents: prosecutors, judges, lawyers, probation officers and barangay officials. The result disclosed the need to improve the qualification, selection, and training; interaction with criminal justice actors; establish a better community partnership; establish information technology; and improve prosecutorial service outcome assessment in the Prosecutorial Service. It is recommended that a reform framework anchored on developmentally-oriented prosecutorial service, community prosecution be adopted and to update the law on NPS (P.D. No. 1275 as amended and R.A. No. 10071). Keywords - Civil Law, prosecution, transformative accountability, proactive, reactive, high performing reform index, descriptive research, Philippines
Marife D. Balaba, Juana M. Dela Rama
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.932

Abstract:
Parent Teacher Association (PTA) is a voluntary association of parents and teachers in a particular school established for its students’ development. This study aims to focus only on the perceptions of the teachers and parents and their involvement in the Parents- Teachers Associations (PTAs) for the students’ development specifically the academic and social aspect. The quantitative research design was employed to reveal the parents and teachers’ perceptions of the roles, relationship of teachers and parents and involvement of the PTAs with specific reference to parental involvement in the school activities which may develop the students’ academic and social aspects. The participants composed of 574 parents, 820 students and 266 teachers of public secondary schools in the division of Misamis Oriental. The inferential statistics was utilized to analyze primary and secondary data. Findings revealed that the Parent Teacher Association was functional in the Division of Misamis Oriental. It has been said that the children whose parents are convoluted in their education have an above degree of academic performance than children whose parents are convoluted to a lesser degree. It also showed that the students’ social and emotional well-being, only teacher relationship with parents, and their role in their students’ development have a significant relationship with it. Keywords – Education, PTA, students’ academic and social development, descriptive method, Philippines
Edwin A. Estrella
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.929

Abstract:
There are many cognitive and non-cognitive constructs that account for the academic performance of college students. A priori knowledge proposes that the ability to form an identity and awareness of oneself and the pattern of behavior adopted by a student in the pursuit of learning are significant vehicles in the educative process. Hence, this researcher conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study where he attempted to establish the relationship that exists between the levels of self-esteem, study habits and academic performance of college students. Results from the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (1965), the Study Habits Questionnaire (2001) and their general point average (GPA) were manually organized and collated. The Pearson Product Moment correlation and the Fisher’s exact test of correlation were used to measure the relationship between the variables. There exists a weak positive relationship between self-esteem and study habits of the respondents. There is no significant relationship that exists between the levels of self-esteem and academic performance. There is no significant relationship that exists between the levels of study habits and academic performance. Ordinal Logistic regression revealed that none of the independent variables or the moderating variable significantly explains the variability in the academic performance of the respondents. Keywords - Self-esteem, study habits, academic performance of college students, crosssectional descriptive design, Bulacan State University, Philippines
Amor Lea O. Ua-O
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.928

Abstract:
In response to the urgent need to fix corruption that has long plagued the nation, the Philippine government enacted on June 2, 2007 the Republic Act No. 9485, otherwise known, as the “Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007” (ARTA).The study evaluated the current situation of ARTA implementation of NLRC-RAB10 with regards to the formulation of its Citizen’s Charter and re-engineering of systems, as well as, discover the problems, strengths and weaknesses in the posting of Citizen’s Charter, the accessibility of frontline services, accountability of officials and employees, and physical working condition. It employed the descriptive design. Interview, survey questionnaires, and observations were the technique used in data gathering. The data were analyzed using percentage, frequency, mean, and standard deviation. The findings of the study revealed that there was no formulation of Citizen’s Charter that was effected in compliance with RA 9485 (ARTA law). Therefore, re-engineering of the agency’s systems and procedures was not implemented. Consequently, problems were identified by customers regarding the improper posting of Citizen’s Charter, accessing Frontline services, and the physical working conditions of the office. The suggested interventions were relevant in enhancing the ARTA implementation of NLRC-RAB10.It is recommended that officials and employees of NLRC-RAB10 must revisit the provision of RA 9485 and it’s Implementing Rules and strictly adheres to all the requirements stipulated under the law. Further, the agency must consider reengineering the physical lay-out of the office. Keywords - Social Sciences, anti-red tape, evaluation, NLRC-RAB10, descriptive design, Philippines
Natalia F. Oliverio-Guinto
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.931

Abstract:
This study analyzes the recruitment and discipline systems of the police force under R.A. 6975. It will look into the present recruitment system and correlate the same with the dysfunctions committed by the police force. Likewise, it looked into the Disciplinary System in the PNP and analyzes how the disciplinary powers are exercised by its disciplinary authorities and its impact on the morale and welfare of the police force. This study would be beneficial to the Filipino people. We could have an effective, credible and capable police force working together with the community in resolving problems and making this country a safer place to live, work, and do business. Furthermore, the conclusions of this study will guide our legislators, policy makers and the PNP leadership to find a solution to the existing problems in the police force. Lastly, the Philippines as a nation would be very progressive economically and peace would reign, if our police force could carry out its assigned responsibility. Findings here reveal that there is a need of an enhanced and standardized recruitment program in the PNP. The ranking system should be implemented to get the best and the brightest police officers. There should be an intense background investigation on the applicants to make sure that the new entries have no derogatory records and no behavioral problems. Likewise the Personnel Discipline Program should be strengthened. Keywords - Social Science, historical research, Philippine National Police, recruitment, discipline, meritocracy, fitness, law enforcement, descriptive-analytical design, Philippines
Shirley D. Dangan
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.933

Abstract:
Graduates’ performance in licensure examination and their employability are key performance indicators in quality assurance. The quality of teacher education curriculum offered by universities is measured by the graduates’ performance in the licensure examination for teachers and their employability in teaching. A teacher education graduate must have a valid professional license to be employed as teacher. This study determined the relationships of the teacher education graduates’ academic performance, rating in the licensure examination for teachers, type of work and waiting time for job search. A descriptive-correlational research design was used to study the direction and magnitude of the relationship between the variables involved in the study. One hundred sixty-four teacher education graduates of Palawan State University Cuyo Campus were involved as respondents. Descriptive survey and documentary analysis technique were employed in gathering data. The statistical analysis of data revealed significant relationships between the teacher education graduates’ academic performance, rating in the licensure examination for teachers, type of work and waiting time for job search. Licensure tests increase the costs of entering an occupation and a failure rate lengthens the waiting time for job search and creates uncertainty about obtaining employment. Keywords - Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET), Academic Performance, Type of Work, Waiting Time for Job Search
Annabella L. Ratunil
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v13i1.934

Abstract:
Public procurement is a core element for the operation government agencies for their purposes (World Trade, 2010). In the Philippines, a Public Procurement Reform Act was enacted to ensure that the following: (a) transparency, (b) competitiveness, (c) streamlined procurement process, and (e) civil monitoring are incorporated in the procurement process. In theory, the Public Procurement Reform Law was in line with international best practices. However, the problem in the implementation caused serious weaknesses in the procurement. Reports revealed that widespread of corruptions still continue to exist. This paper examined the procurement processes of the Division of Cagayan de Oro City, Department of Education, and Region 10 in the implementation of the government procurement reform law. Through descriptive survey design and purposive sampling, the study targeted 34 respondents. The quantitative data collected were analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics using SPSS and presented through percentages and frequencies. The findings revealed that (76%) of the respondents agreed that the procurement reform law was not new them. However, (58.82%) of the respondents agreed that the procurement reform law caused a delay in the procurement process. All respondents agreed with the recommendation that training on the procurement reform law will solve the problem. Keywords - Public Administration, procurement, implementation, delays, descriptive design, Philippines
Born Christian A. Isip, Ruth Cabahug
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v15i1.1069

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate students’ perceptions of the available e-learning system and adopting social media networking platforms as university main platform or college e-learning. It also explored the effective use of social networking tools. The study was conducted in five (5) State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) including their satellite campuses in CARAGA Region. The respondents were chosen through random sampling. Frequency, percentage, and average were used to interpret some socio-demographic data of the respondents. The result reveals that the respondents agree in all the enumerated guiding principles in education. Such principles have no effect on students’ perception both towards current e-learning system and in the required skills in effective social networking. The result of the study reveals that students’ satisfaction with the use of social media networking tools as an educational platform is in a moderately positive level. The study also shows that female students are more skillful and interested than males regarding the utilization of social networking tools. This research concludes that students preferred social networking as an educational platform compared to other e-learning system.
Neryl Joy D. Alpacion, Cristian T. Camañan, Arlyn Jane L. Gregorio, Jun Mark R. Panlaan,
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.920

Abstract:
Mathematics is an interesting but a very challenging subject. Several studies reported different factors which lead to students’ poor performance in this subject. This study aimed to determine the influence of attitude and self-efficacy towards academic performance in Mathematics for Grade 8 students. It employed causal correlational research design. The findings revealed that the level of academic performance of the students was satisfactory. In terms of the level of attitude towards Mathematics subject, it is either positive or negative. As to the students’ self-efficacy, it is neither high nor low. No significant difference was found on the level of attitude and self-efficacy when grouped according to gender. It was also discovered that only attitude towards Mathematics manifested significant influence to academic performance. Students who have shown positive attitude towards the subject tend to perform well. Hence, performance in Mathematics can be improved by developing a positive attitude towards the subject. Parents, teachers and other stakeholders have the responsibility of helping the students in this aspect. Keywords - Mathematics, self-efficacy, attitudes towards Mathematics, correlation study, Philippines
May Nectar Cyrill L. Tabares
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.926

Abstract:
The study aimed to determine the level of exposure to mass media of the students in Diploma in Agricultural Technology of the Surallah National Agricultural School and its relation to their reading proficiency. It employed mean values to determine the respondents’ level of exposure to mass media and their level of reading proficiency. Pearson-product moment coefficient of correlation was utilized to determine the relationship between their level of exposure to mass media and their reading proficiency. The findings revealed that the students had inadequate or low exposure to mass media on the basis of interest, availability of materials, time spent for their choices and benefits they would receive. However, the level of reading proficiency of DAT students in the vocabulary and comprehension skills was very high with a qualitative description of very good. The level of exposure of the students to both print and electronics films media was moderately related to read proficiency as reflected by r=0.452. A significant relationship was divulged between the level of mass media exposure and the reading proficiency of the students. Hence, exposure to the different mass media must be enhanced to further develop the students in their intellectual capacities, especially in their reading proficiency skills. Keywords - Education, mass media, reading proficiency, descriptive method, Philippine
Esmen M. Cabal
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v11i1.915

Abstract:
Women are partners of men in nation building. The study was designed to find out the contributions of retired professional women educators to the socio-cultural development of Zambales. One hundred retired women educators were interviewed regarding their participation in the socio-cultural development of Zambales. Findings of the study revealed that the respondents were involved in organizing literacy projects; acted as consultants in the different village organizations, consultants of the mayors and other elected officials in their programs and projects; acted as resource speakers in seminars related to education; wrote poems and short stories about Zambales; initiated cultural presentation that showcases Zambaleño dances, arts, music and literature during town festivals. They also continue to model to the Bayanihan (Cooperation) Spirit in times of need and in other activities. Greater contribution of women educators is needed in initiating literacy programs. The contributions of retired professional women educators had improved the socio-cultural conditions of Zambales including youth development for their increase self-realizations and self-valuing and increased women’s participation in socio-cultural development. Keywords - Social Studies, cultural development, retirement, government service, literacy project, cooperation, descriptive design, Philippines
Eleanor F. Castro
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v11i1.916

Abstract:
Anchored on Republic Act No. 8371 that recognizes, respects, and preserves the culture, traditions and institutions of ICCs/IPs, this study described the demographic profile and socio-cultural practices of 160 indigenous peoplerespondents in Carol-an, Kabankalan City who were purposively identified in ten proximate sitios. Qualitative-descriptive methods utilized were key informant interviews and focus group discussion. The results revealed that most respondents were 16-26 years old; lived in the area for 31-40 years; female; married; mothers who belonged to a Carol-anon ethnic group; spoke Hiligaynon and Bisaya dialects. Their socio-cultural practices include high respect of family to the father in decision making, communal ownership of tax exempted land. “Kagon” (mediator), the elder, resolved legal disputes. Marriage proposal called “isaka” was mediated by “Dakong Tawo,” (respected elder) and the bride was allowed to marry at age 12. They believed in sacred places and offer sacrificial pig called “Buhat”. The dead were wrapped in bamboo coffin called “Iiya-liya” and brought to “Binangkilan” Cave, the tomb. To them man used supernatural powers known as “antinganting.” The result of the study served as basis for considering these IPs’ rights in the formulation and application of national educational plans and policies. Keywords - Social Science, indigenous people, socio-cultural practices, research and development, descriptive design, Philippines
Luzviminda Relon
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.925

Abstract:
Education plays a very significant role in molding individuals that will become assets of the society. The various subjects offered in the schools are contributory for their holistic development. Thus, in any case, it may be reflected through poor performance. This study aimed to find out the level of performance in History and problems they have encountered in learning of the BSEd students of UNP especially on cognitive and affective skills along political, socioeconomic and cultural components. It was anchored on Ausubel’s Cognitive theory and Schema theory. Descriptive design was employed, and data were gathered through a teacher-made test and interview guide. The results revealed that the performance of the students along the three components is satisfactory. It was disclosed that they poorly perform on socioeconomic component and along knowledge and comprehension. Further, problems met along instruction like poor teaching methods, inefficient and ineffective teachers are primary reasons as to why they poorly performed in History. Based on the findings, students in History would tend to perform well if topics included in the test are well discussed, and teaching is well-planned, thus making it interesting. It is then recommended that History instruction and test construction should be carefully planned leading to the development of higher level thinking skills. Keywords - History, performance, political, economic, socio-cultural, cognitive, affective level, descriptive design, Philippines
, Stephen F. Gambescia
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v11i1.914

Abstract:
Catholic identity is a mark that separates Catholic schools from secular ones. One important tool for communicating this marker is through the school’s website. The aim of the study was to look into the official websites of Catholic schools in the Philippines and to find out how they explicate their Catholic identity. Using the document Ex Corde Ecclesiae, seven markers were used. It employed descriptive research design replicating the methods used by Gambescia and Paolucci in 2011. The result revealed that the Lead Academic Statement is present in 73 out of 75 schools. This is followed by Affiliation with Sponsoring Catholic Entity, 71; Catholic Heritage, 55; Catholic Service, 45; Catholic Worship, 37; Catholic on Homepage, 16; and Human Resource Page, 0. Overall, 297 markers were counted out of the expected 525. Thus, the schools in the Philippines have explicated Catholic identity especially on the first three markers, but much attention should be focused on the bottom four. The study should also investigate the presence of these markers but should not judge the totality of a particular level of Catholicity. However, the school website should not be underestimated in its role to explicate Catholic identity. Keywords - Social Sciences, Religion, Catholic identity, schools’ official website, descriptive design, Philippines
Frederico B. Ticong
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v11i1.918

Abstract:
This study is a quantitative-qualitative evaluation of the governance practices and problems of community officials in the first congressional district of Bohol. The data were gathered through survey-questionnaires and validated through focus-group discussions. Results showed that there is significant room for improvement in local governance. The officials expressed several constraints for them to better discharge their functions. They need to acquire relevant governance skills. The LGUs failed to conduct proper planning process. The stakeholders have poor participation in many LGU-affairs. There is limited coordination between government and private institutions. There is inadequacy of local officials’ core-competencies that affect governance performance. The local officials should undergo a series of extensive training-seminars to equip them with the tools for good governance. The communities must develop their visionmission-goals adopting participatory planning approach. There must be a close linkage and regular coordination between the communities and government agencies. The LGUs must be in touch with the civil society especially in terms of training and access to external support for projects. Keywords - Public administration, local governance, quantitative-qualitative analysis, Philippines
Donards Kim A. Tañedo
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v11i1.917

Abstract:
The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) is a community-based program which provides capacity building to improve the program participants’ socioeconomic status. As a component of the Convergence Strategy, the program aims to serve the beneficiaries of the Pantawid Pamilya, hoping to sustain and expand beyond the five-year intervention the socioeconomic benefits gained. This study aimed to identify the perceived challenges and opportunities of DSWD-SLP region IV-A SEA-K Organizations such as formulating, enhancing, and sustaining livelihood activities and community-based microenterprises. This study used triangulation method, a combination of Qualitative (Phenomenological) and Quantitative (Descriptive) approaches. The research findings revealed that the most prevalent types or nature of livelihood activities in CALABARZON compose of Trade and Commerce, Food Processing, and Cottage Industries as evidenced by the individual surveys conducted per province. On the other hand, the least prevalent livelihood activities include Fishing/Marine Life, Crops, Manufacturing, and Businesses otherwise specified as manifested in the individual surveys conducted per region. Based on the personal interviews conducted, an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was done to come up with common themes. These themes regard to the SEAK members’ perception on challenges and opportunities in sustaining a community-based business enterprise. Keywords - Social Sciences, challenges, opportunities, microenterprise, mixed methods, phenomenology, Philippines
Liza Macasukit, Shaikha Al Mazrouei, Heera Al Kitbi
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.923

Abstract:
The topic of “Occupational Health and Safety” has been focused on as a main function of Human Resource Management. Occupational safety and health covers a wide range of activities and functions. This research paper looks at what health and safety refers to, why research should be conducted into it, and how it is helpful for organizations and employees, and for the human resource management as a whole. It is followed by a discussion on Occupational Safety and Health with emphasis on several sub-topics, which are elaborated upon. Light will be shed on various OSH issues, and how Human Resource Management deals with them. Besides, legal requirements for health and safety rules will be looked into, with a focus on proposed solutions to the mentioned issues. A comparison of safety measures in the global context will be compared with safety measures in the local context, to understand how different organizations handle safety. There are several recommendations for business practice as well as their implications. What is more, there are suggestions for future business research, especially in the area of Human Resource Management. Keywords - Organizational Behavior, Occupational Health and Safety Human Research Management, descriptive design, United Arab Emirates
Kert D. Pillora
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.924

Abstract:
Offender profiling is a behavioral and investigative tool that is intended to help investigators to accurately predict and profile the characteristics of unknown criminal offenders. This study was conducted to determine the offenders’ profile and crime incidence in the municipality of Buenavista, Guimaras from 20092011. The descriptive design of research was used. The subjects of the study were the crime offenders who have records of crime in the municipality. Secondary data such as court transcripts, police reports crime statistics and similar documents were utilized. Majority of the index and non-index crimes were committed in 2010 with physical injury and violation of Republic Act 9287 (gambling) as the most active index and non-index crimes, respectively. The number of these crime incidents increased in 2010 and decreased in 2011. Crime incidents were committed by majority of the offenders who are male, single with ages between 18-40 years old. Significant difference existed between the crime incidents and profile of the offenders such as age, gender, occupation and civil status of the offenders. Likewise, a significant relationship existed between the crime incidents and profile of the offenders such as age, gender and civil status contributes to crime incidence. Keywords - Criminology, offenders’ profile, crime incidence, social research, descriptive design, Philippines
Bryan Irvin J. Lamarca
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.922

Abstract:
This paper aims to assess pre-amalgamation initiatives of the three State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in Ilocos Sur namely: the University of Northern Philippines (UNP), Ilocos Sur Polytechnic College (ISPSC), and North Luzon Polytechnic State College (NLPSC) along the facet of promotion and tenure and Information Technology (IT), and embed new solutions to the NBC 461 Software of the Zonal Evaluation & Computerization Center. A descriptive statistical approach was used to evaluate new proposed solutions and features that will be embedded in the software in achieving quality experience and service for the faculty. Results revealed that there will be no merging of faculty and staff among the constituent universities, and the procedure of promotion and tenure of faculty will not be affected when the amalgamation pushes through. The study revealed that faculty are not satisfied with the output generated by the software and are gearing towards improving the system. Furthermore, it is also revealed that the software is amalgamation-ready but it lacks features and functionalities that could validate the promotion process. In conclusion, appropriate software improvement and policy suggestions were suggested for the efficient utilization of the software in providing convenience for end users. Keywords - Education, Amalgamation, merger, business intelligence, data mining, business analytics, promotion and tenure, Ilocos Sur, Philippines
Liza Macasukit, Afra Saeed Al-Amimi, Ohoud Al Kaabi, Majid Al-Mutawa
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.919

Abstract:
Powerful teams build organizational success. The study reviews team’s influences on organizational success in health and safety workplace, talent management, and organizational culture. The study employed content analysis of existing literature as basis for analysis. Results showed that the three main concepts of the organization have a symbiotic relation with teamwork and employee performance. Keywords - Management, Team, Organizational Success, Talent Management, Organizational culture, Descriptive design, United Arab Emirates
Ma. Sheryll A. Hilario,
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v12i1.921

Abstract:
This study is a descriptive method of research which is concerned with the relationship of the DOTS client and clinical related factor to the level of effectiveness of the DOTS program. The clinical related factor provides knowledge as to the set-up of the DOTS facility. The researchers used the correlational survey design of research since the purpose of this research study is to correlate the DOTS client and clinical related factor as to the effectiveness of the Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) for tuberculosis in terms of program administration, information dissemination, diagnostic services and medical supplies, and medical follow up. The researchers used the NTPTB register of each Rural Health Unit for the list of clients who are registered under the Directly Observed Treatment Short course strategy for the fiscal year 2010 as the respondents of this study. There were eighty-two (82) DOTS client identified and diagnosed of having tuberculosis. In the analysis and interpretation of the data, frequency count, mean and percentage are employed particularly in the interpretation of the profile of the respondents and clinical related factor. Coefficient of Correlation and T-test (test of the relationship) is used in determining the influence of the profile of the client and clinical related factor to the effectiveness of the DOTS program. The findings of the study reveal that there is a significant relationship between the profile of the clients, clinical related factors and the level of effectiveness of the Directly Observed Treatment short course program of the RHU. Keywords - Descriptive Correlation, Directly Observed Treatment Short course, Clinical Related Factors, Level of Effectiveness, Zambales, Philippines
Remedios T. Navarro
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.831

Abstract:
Diagnosis of depressive symptoms is critical in wellness programs. This study determined the extent to which Female Sex Workers (FSWs) registered inselected areas in Ilocos Sur, Philippines, experienced depressive symptoms andhow their socio-demographic, medical profile, and self-esteem relate with it. Itutilized the descriptive-correlational method of research, with a Personal DataSheet, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Center for Epidemiologic StudiesDepression Scale (CES-D) as tools for data gathering. The data were statisticallytreated with frequency, percentage, mean and simple correlational analysis.Findings reveal that the majority of the respondents are single; have no children;earn Php10,000/USD 232 and below per month; are already working as FSWs for 1-5 years, 7 days a week and 7-9 hours daily; were employed locally beforeworking as FSWs, drink alcohol and undergo the required medical/laboratoryexaminations regularly. Further, most are 16-20 years old, from the NationalCapital Region, and finished high school education. Their level of self-esteem isaverage, and depressive symptoms, mild to moderate. The socio-demographic andmedical profile is not significantly related with the level of depressive symptoms.Self-esteem is inversely related to the level of depressive symptoms. The lower the level of self-esteem, the higher is the level of depressive symptoms and vice versa.Keywords: Social Sciences, depressive symptoms, descriptive-correlational design,Philippines
Gina Mae H. Basco, Ma. Cecilia Detosil Alimen
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.834

Abstract:
This quantitative-qualitative study was conducted to describe the livedexperiences relating to stress, stressors, and coping responses of Filipino seafarersleading to the design of a biopsychosociospiritual wellness program. This studywas anchored on van Manen’s (1990) phenomenological theory. Respondents of this study were ten (10) selected seafarers. This study used interviews, questionnaires, and focus group discussion. Results were as follows: seafarershave experienced disturbed sleep, headache, and depression, as their main stressexperiences; seafarers’ stressors experienced were delayed promotion, insufficientincome, and children’s poor health and children’s poor performance; seafarers’coping behaviors were praying, talking with friends or shipmates, and viewingmovies; seafarers’ autonomy through the design of the wellness program toimprove their life and their well-being not only for themselves but for their lovedones. Comprehensive Wellness Program for Seafarers: A BiopsychosociospiritualApproach describes the holistic and comprehensive strategies/activitiesthat seafarers can engage with to assure their over-all wellness and holisticdevelopment. Seafarer’s health, creating a full and balanced lifestyle and achievesthe best professional can be achieved. Interest in the plight of seafarers coincideswith the comprehensive whole seafarer wellness model that includes biological,psychological, social and spiritual dimensions.Keywords: Biopsychosociospiritual wellness program, lived experiences, stress, copingresponses
Naima T. Datumanong-Mala
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.829

Abstract:
Sex education is a major source of learning about sexual health related issueswhich are not extensively explained in the average science classes. However, it isa sensitive subject for most Meranaos because of the conservative culture of mostMuslim societies. In the absence of sex education and due to their immaturity,adolescents may have divergent sexual attitudes and commit irresponsiblepractices. This quantitative descriptive-correlational study was conducted todiscover the sexual attitudes and practices of Muslim adolescents towards theseveral aspects of sexual relationships: courtship, heterosexual relationship,dating, and pre-marital relationship before and after the implementation of thesex education program in different high schools in Lanao del Sur First District.Paired t-test analysis was used to test if there is a significant relationship betweenthe sexual attitudes and practices before and after the implementation of thesex education program. The findings reveal that the implementation of the sexeducation program resulted in the general decline of activities that could leadto sexual relations, as well as a significant decrease in the participants’ sexualattitudes and practices. This research concludes that there is a significantdifference in the sexual attitudes and practices of the respondents before andafter the implementation of the sex education program.Keywords: Education, sex education, sexual attitudes, sexual practices, sources ofinformation, level of knowledge, adolescents, descriptive-correlational design,Philippines
Crescencio B. Velasco, Edelyn A. Cadorna
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.826

Abstract:
Local Government Units (LGUs) need to be transparent, participatory,equitable and gender-responsive to achieve good local governance. This studyaimed to provide a descriptive analysis of the current level of gender-responsivenessof selected cities and municipalities in the Province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines.The exploratory method of research was used in the study. Findings showed thatthe LGUs in the Province of Ilocos Sur have manifested a systematic approach and moving towards advanced stages of gender responsiveness. The LGUs fall within the area of strength where plan for maintaining strength is recommended.They had shown marked performance as being gender responsive in the deliveryof basic services. Meanwhile, the major factor that helped the LGUs integrateGender and Development (GAD) concerns in the development of Program,Projects and Activities (PPAs) is the organization of Local Council for Women. On the other hand, the most hindering factor is the dearth of funds for GADPPAs. Moreover, violence against women and teenage pregnancies are the mostcommon concerns affecting the women and children in the province’s LGUs.The number one recommendation of the LGUs for GAD to be included in theirpriorities is funding and training especially to women’s group.Keywords: Social Science, gender, responsive, LGUs, Ilocos Sur, Philippines
Hilda A. Manzolim
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.830

Abstract:
The Itawes is one of the indigenous groups of Isabela, Philippines, along withthe Ybanags, Yogads, and Gaddangs. In Cagayan Valley, two groups of Itawes arefound: one from the Province of Cagayan and the other, from Echague, Isabela.This study was conducted to document the indigenous foods of the Itawes thatare gradually vanishing due to the modern way of living or due to acculturation.As the foods slowly disappear, so do the foods’ associated meanings and beliefsattached to them. Being aware of their indigenous foods would help maintainand create a link or bridge the gap between the Itawes’ past generations to thepresent. The study used the descriptive research method. Triangulation wasutilized using direct participatory approach, in depth interview and a focus groupdiscussion. The foods were documented and the health and social meanings andbeliefs attached to these foods were noted and explained by the elders. Frequencyand percentages were used. The findings showed that Itawes favorite exotic foods were the following: fried “duron”, ‘simmawa”, “utoy” and “talagang”; their dessert, “bahat”, “mang-ga”, “dendelut”, “pinatarak” and “dinuntuan”. TheItawes’ social life and physical health had been closely associated with their foods.Some of their indigenous foods and practices had been consistently confrontedwith the influence of modernization and development that seriously endangertheir traditional cultures or the total obliteration of their culture.Keywords: Social Research, Itawes, indigenous foods, descriptive design, Philippines
Ma. Veronica A. Bautista
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.835

Abstract:
In an attempt to introduce a program that would enhance the level of self- perception of CIC residents using ASLE as a tool, this study on Adolescent Self-Learning Exercise (ASLE) and Self-Perception of Crisis Intervention Center (CIC) Residents was conducted. The instruments used were the Emotional Self- Awareness Scale, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale and Self-Rating Scale (of Self- Acceptance). The research design utilized single subject design, specifically the AB-AB design. Pre- and post-tests were obtained to determine the differences in self-perceptions as a result of the ASLE program. The participants of the study were 11 residents of CIC in Amas, Kidapawan City, North Cotabato, who were victims of rape and other forms of sexual abuse. ASLE was used to determine their level of self-perception on self-awareness, self-esteem and self- acceptance. The findings of the study show varying results. Of the three areas of focus, participants showed a significant difference in their level of perception on self-esteem compared with self-awareness and self-acceptance. The study seems to point out that that the activities used in the conduct of ASLE that tackles on improving self-esteem were effective and appropriate as they enhanced the participants’ level of self-esteem, while participants’ level of self-awareness and self-acceptance remained in the average level.Keywords: Psychology, adolescent, sexual abuse, self-acceptance, self-esteem, self- awareness, quasi-experimental, Philippines
Emeliza T. Estimo, Jed Y. Azucena, Ronnie C. Montaño
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.828

Abstract:
Special project cadets are exposed to various experiences as they embark onboardinternational vessels during their on the-Job Training for 12 months. With theaim of getting authentic information relative to their actual lived experiences awayfrom home, this descriptive study sought to determine the problems encountered by company scholars and their coping strategies particularly at work and in their social interaction with their fellow crew. A survey questionnaire and an interviewguide were employed in gathering data. Forty-seven (47) Engine cadets of a groupof shipowners and a particular shipping company who have returned from their12-month apprenticeship revealed that they learned appropriate work valuessuch as flexibility and adaptability, patience and self-control, humility, resilience, stronger sense of responsibility, discipline and perseverance. Vulnerability todifficult situations, homesickness, and mismatched task assignments wereprevailing problems among the cadets. It is recommended that clear measuresmust be done to address issues on discrimination, abuse by authority, emotionaland physical harassment, excessive workloads, and unpaid overtime which havebeen partially revealed in this study. A feedback mechanism is also suggestedfor shipping companies to allow returning cadets to reveal the quality of theirexperiences for the purpose of ensuring a fair and honest management of crewin their fleets.Keywords: Social sciences, seafaring industry, maritime students, On-the-Job Training,descriptive design, Philippines
Nelianita T. Khan
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.833

Abstract:
Organizational health is an important measure of organizational effectiveness. This study aimed to assess the organizational health at Mindanao State Universitywith indicators such as leadership, vision, employee commitment, rewards andrecognition, communication, competence and skills development, teamworkand ability to adapt. Responses of 645 employees, categorized into deans andunit heads, faculty, and rank and file, were analyzed using the descriptiveresearch design. The data were presented through frequencies, percentages andweighted means. Deans and unit heads perceived leadership and vision to be themost significant indicators of organizational health. Faculty, and rank and filelikewise found these to be the most significant indicators. On the other hand,deans and unit heads perceived competence and skills development to be theleast significant indicator, while faculty, and rank and file perceived rewards andrecognition to contribute least to the organizational health. Overall, leadershipand vision were perceived to be the most significant indicators of organizationalhealth, while rewards and recognition least contributed to the organizationalhealth.Keywords: Social Science, Organizational Health, Academic Institution, DescriptiveDesign, Philippines
Mary Gretchen F. Chaves
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.827

Abstract:
Skepticism towards TV advertisements targeted at children may driveprudent parents to limit their children’s exposure to these commercials. Parentalmediation strategies are among the approaches parents resort to in restrictingtheir children’s TV viewing. This correlational study investigated Filipinoparents’ attitudes towards TV advertising and the controls parents imposed ontheir children’s television viewing. The study hypothesized that parental attitudestowards TV advertising correlate with parental controls on their children’s TVviewing. Two hundred fifty parent-child dyads participated in a face-to-face surveyconducted in early 2011 among urban middle-income households in Cebu City,Philippines. The results show that on average, parents maintained a moderatelynegative attitude towards TV advertising. Majority of the parents restrictedtheir children’s TV viewing, mostly by scheduling and limiting the TV viewingtimes to prioritize study and sleeping hours. However, there are no significantcorrelations between the scores of parents’ attitudes towards TV advertising andthe controls they impose on their children’s TV viewing. The study concludesthat parental controls over their children’s TV viewing are due to reasons otherthan the parents’ evaluation of the undesirable impact of TV advertising. Theresults of this study identify implications to policy makers, marketers, advertisers, children’s advocacy groups, academicians and parents.Keywords: Social Science, TV advertising, parents’ attitudes, parental controls,descriptive-correlational design, Philippines
Rommel C. Rivera
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v10i1.832

Abstract:
This paper is an initial effort of the researcher to prevent the nearly extinctionnot only of the Aeta people but also their identity being the first Filipinos. Beingthe first, it is so ironic to see them helpless to fend for themselves from the“prying eyes”. To see them adapting the modern world might be the start ofthe loss of the “beginning”. Indigenous dances constitute some kind of culturalgenetic code that defines identity of a group of people. The study assessed the pureand unique characteristics of the dance entitled “PASALAMAT”. The veracity ofthe steps created by the researcher as reflected in the dance was reviewed andpresented to the respondents in the dance seminar-workshop held on September2013 in Pampanga, Philippines. The respondents of the study consisted of 91attendees. These attendees are PE teachers, MAPEH major students, danceteachers, choreographers and performers. The background/context, movements/steps, particular to the dance, dance properties and movement of the dance were reviewed and assessed base on the existing guidelines and other parameters approved by the dance expert in the country particularly the PhilippineFolkdance Society and National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Based onthe findings, the background/context/movements/steps, particular to the danceand dance properties demonstrate statistical significance. The study recommendspromotion and preservation on the dance.Keywords: Sociology, indigenous dance, Aeta tribal dance, creative dance, Cultural,Information and Dissemination, Promotion and Prevention, Pampanga,descriptive design, Philippines
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