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Results in Journal Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun: 182

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Maulana Mukhlis, Syarief Makhya
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 201-220; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.407

Abstract:
This study examined the urgency of the reconstruction of the Pondok pesantren position in the religious de-radicalization policy in Indonesia. Islamic boarding school (henceforth: Pondok Pesantren) yet is only positioned as a subordinate institution or as an object of de-radicalization policy in the collaboration of institutional design. As a result, the relationship model that is built is the instructive pattern from the government to Pondok pesantren. This, factually, does not contribute to the positive effect on the effectiveness of the de-radicalization policy. The question of this research was how the relationship model or ideal position of Pondok pesantren in the collaboration of institutional design in religious de-radicalization policy? The research data were collected through interviews, documentation, and literature study, which then were analyzed descriptively. This study summed up that the consultative model would guarantee more toward the support of institutional design in the collaboration of religious de-radicalization policy in Indonesia; to protect the unity of the nation on one hand, and optimize the role of Pondok pesantren on the other hand.
La Ode Ali Basri
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 87-102; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.480

Abstract:
This study aimed to explain and to analyze the local wisdom of the North Buton people in flood disaster mitigation, namely worldview, traditional knowledge, norms, custom, and other traditions conducted by the people of North Buton in natural phenomena observation as the signs of floods, as well as efforts to reduce the risk of flooding by utilizing human resources and natural resources in the vicinity. The results showed that the people of North Buton have a set of local wisdom in flood mitigation which was inherited from their ancestors' legacy. It has been tested through empirical experience and also obtained the traditional legitimacy at North Buton people. That local wisdom included: (1) studying on the animal behavior namely the flock of Joremba (Dragonfly) which get into the residential area and the spooky sounds of Gara (Owl) birds at night, (2) construction of the houses on stilts or semi-permanent house behind the main house, (3) enacting the mamali (taboo) tradition in cutting down of the forests as a control mechanism in ecological balance creation to prevent erosion, (4) exploration of a new spring, (5) observation of the changes of the river volume and the discovery of the presence of the spring that appears suddenly in the rainy season.
Mohamad Anton Athoillah, Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor, Heri Khoiruddin, Rohimin Rohimin
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 1-16; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.545

Abstract:
In the Quranic revelations period, the electronic money has not been known yet, but the National Sharia board-Indonesia Council of Ulama (DSN-MUI) has issued a fatwa and referred to the Quranic verses as one of its legal bases. The fatwa mentioned is fatwa Number: 116/DSN-MUI/IX/2017 about Sharia Electronic Money. This fatwa said that sharia electronic money is electronic money suitable with sharia principles. The verses in this fatwa were analyzed based on the historical background of revelation, to find out whether the legal basis for the fatwa is the verses related to economic activities or not. This study showed that the Quranic verses used as a legal basis for a fatwa on the sharia electronic money were not only the verses revealed in relation with the economic activity or the verses in which economic activity was implied, but also the Quranic verses revealed in relation with other activity in which the Islamic principles were implied, and then those Islamic principles have been applied in a fatwa about sharia electronic money.
Danial Danial, Nur Sari Dewi, Kafrawi Kafrawi
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 103-122; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.450

Abstract:
This study aimed to explain the development of the Human Resources model at IAIN Lhokseumawe in particular and Islamic Universities in general. The results showed that Human Resource Development at IAIN Lhokseumawe had focused on factors of trust, emotional ties, power relations, and career cycles. However, it had no discipline, did not have a platform that was designed and integrated, did not utilize the spirit of religion and culture as strong energy for the development of human resources. Therefore, IAIN Lhokseumawe is in a need of a comprehensive and futuristic human resource development model. This model was built based on HRD factors, HRD aspects, HRD methods, and HRD strategies/steps. HRD factors were emphasized on the platform designed, the work balance between employees, discipline, and the utilization of the potential of cultural plurality and Islamic spirit as an intrinsic power of human resource development. The development was carried out in an integrated and parallel way between individual development, career, organization, and performance management through flexible work arrangements, knowledge sharing, and the adoption of innovative technologies in a sustainable and strong leadership system.
Laily Rahmah, Fathul Himam, Bagus Riyono, Arif Nurcahyo
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 123-144; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.517

Abstract:
The work ethics are one of the main determinants of the performance as it is believed to minimize the occurrence of deviant behavior in an organization. The police are bureaucrats who served as law enforcers as well as public servants to maintain security and order, so they are expected to demonstrate ethical behavior to keep the public trust. However, several unethical behavior issues are found in the organization. Cultural organizations in the police are believed to have served as one of the causes of unethical behavior by the police. The effort to build an understanding of the unethical behavior concept as a result of the work ethics implementation that is based on the organizational culture in the police corps through indigenous approaches was set as the goal of this exploratory study. A survey using open questions was given to 82 police staff in one of the regional police in Java. The results of this study illustrated the perspective of the police towards the elements of the work ethics implementation (internalization process, sanctions, and supervision) in the organization that is opening opportunities for unethical behavior. Theoretical and practical implementation of the results of this study would be discussed.
Hasmelia Novriana, Syarifah Faradina, Afriani Afriani
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 59-70; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.515

Abstract:
Young adult is a period of adaptation from adolescence to adulthood. The young adult is vulnerable to the onset of stress due to various demands and problems at hand. Stress is often associated with harmful behaviour one being smoking. Not only men but women are now becoming smokers too. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between gender, stress, and smoking behaviours in young adults in Banda Aceh. This research used the correlation research design. Incidental sampling technique was used with a total sample of 105 people (57 male smokers and 48 female smokers). Data was collected using an adapted version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 42). Hypothesis test using the Spearman correlation test technique showed a significance of r = 0.37 (p) 0.00 (0.05), which means that men have a higher level of cigarette consumption than women.
Badrudin Badrudin, Djam’An Satori, Aan Komariah, Dedy Achmad Kurniady
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 17-38; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.504

Abstract:
The sources of pesantren funding are limited either from the government, santri parents, or the community. The government has not budgeted pesantren funds in the state budget or regional budget even though there is a policy for pesantren. The search for pesantren financing sources based on the potential of the agribusiness-based social entrepreneurship environment is very desirable. This article aimed to examine the implementation of pesantren financing based on agribusiness social entrepreneurship. Data collection techniques were carried out with the study of documentation, observation, and interviews with the planning, implementation, supervision, evaluation, and accountability of pesantren financing. The study found that Pesantren Al Ittifak Ciwidey in Bandung District implemented agribusiness-based social entrepreneurship financing through five steps namely planning, implementing, controlling, evaluating, and accountability. The study concluded that the implementation of pesantren financing based on agribusiness social entrepreneurship Al Ittifak Ciwidey Bandung was prepared through accounting (budgeting), namely preparing activity plans and pesantren budgets using SWOT analysis; Funding was carried out to finance underprivileged students, to pay teachers, professional development (training), and infrastructure; Supervision of education funding in PPAI Al Ittifak Ciwidey was carried out by the PPAI Management Team, Kiyai, and the board of educators by monitoring, guiding, and solving problems to the RAPBP, Cash, and Equipment; Funding evaluation was carried out at the end of each semester and the end of the school year. Funding accountability was focused on the parents of students, the community, and the Government as well as the PPAI leader, Kiyai.
Cahyoko Edi Tando, Sudarmo Sudarmo, Rina Herlina Haryanti
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 161-178; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.486

Abstract:
Conflict is one of the problems that occurs when every human, organization, and the social life of the organization. Conflict can be reviewed through the root of existing problems that can be internal or can be external. The science of public administration has the right resolution in dealing with the mechanism of collaborative governance. The literature review approach applied was based on scientific journals published in the database. The database that the authors used were Scopus, Science Direct, and Taylor and Francis Group. The result of this research showed that the implementation of the proposed collaborative governance form of cooperation structure and the policy then is the creation of the community plan making. Furthermore, the types of conflicts resolved by collaborative governance in the 2015-2019 period were the source of conflicts that often occur in that period. Researchers suggested that researching collaborative governance can be developed in government so that it can be implemented in overcoming various public problems.
Nurhafidhah Nurhafidhah, Hasby Hasby, Sirry Alvina
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 179-188; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.484

Abstract:
The values ​​of character in the classroom can be applied through practical activities. Therefore, the learning needs to be applied using lab modules that foster student character values. The purpose of this study was to describe the value of independent character, Environmental Awareness, and curiosity of students on the application of the lab module for the use of secondary metabolites. The research was a descriptive study. It was conducted at Samudra University, Langsa City. The research subjects were students of chemical education at FKIP Samudra university. Data in this study were obtained through interviews and questionnaires. The questionnaire analysis technique was performed using a percentage formula and interpreted to determine the student character value categories. The results showed the average student character values ​​in the use of the lab module secondary metabolite utilization are 84% in the excellent category. Based on the statistical tests, sig. 0.00 showed that the character values ​​of students in the use of lab modules were on average above 50. The results of this study are expected to be information for researchers to develop integrated lab modules for character values.
Susana Osiana Vegas, Djukri Djukri
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 221-240; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.411

Abstract:
This research aimed to determine the effect of the problem based learning model on critical thinking skills in excretory system subject. The research was quasi experimental research by using pretest postest control group design. The population of this research was all students of SMA Negeri 1 Prambanan. The research sample of this research used two classes, class XII MIPA 4 with 27 students as the control class and class XII MIPA 3 with 31 students as the experimental class implementing problem based learning. Data were collected by using a test instrument in the form of multiple choice questions. The data obtained were analyzed using the Independent sample T-test. The calculation results showed a significant value of 0,000 < 0,05, thus, it can be concluded that there was a difference in the critical thinking skills between the control and experimental class.
Manoj Kumar Chaudhary
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 39-58; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.571

Abstract:
The paper investigated and explored experts’ opinions regarding the post-pandemic control strategies within the South Asian perspective to make the Nepalese economy robust. The study was based on qualitative methods of analysis and the method of the study had been classified into two parts: Primary & Secondary. For secondary, data were collected through published reports, journal articles, the daily national newspaper, media, and Television coverage & personal observation, and experience. Whereas, for primary data, the study was carried out considering the way to control the post-pandemic effects on developing economies particularly in Nepal. The result of the study depicted that the post control of covid-19 effects on economic revival policies should prioritize sectorial concerns on the agriculture and industry sector of the economy over service sector and remittance. Therefore, for the pandemic recovery issue, the government and private sector’s role is to jointly solicit a model Public, Private, Partnership for the firm relief of economic stability. Thus, the paper concluded that there is an urgent need to prepare the post control strategy to minimize economic vulnerability. In this situation, Nepal needs strategies for good governance rather than a complex and mysterious plan.
Muhammad Maga Sule, Yahaya Sulaiman
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 145-160; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.549

Abstract:
This research centered on enhancing Islamic Da’wah and Islamic teachings through the usage of social media. The purpose of this research was to examine how Muslims make use of social media to enhance Da’wah and Islamic knowledge among Muslims and non-Muslims, and the various Muslim scholars and groups on social media platforms who utilized the new technology to propagate the message of Islam. The paper adopted qualitative and analytical research methodologies in analyzing the issue in the research article, the paper also conducted an in-depth interview with two respondents at different intervals. Consequently, this paper explored the newest means of tapping the treasures of social media towards augmenting Da’wah activities and spreading the knowledge of Islam. The paper identified various individual Muslim scholars and groups that created pages/channels on Facebook, YouTube, WhatsApp, Telegram, Twitter, and other social media platforms to enhance Islamic da’wah and knowledge. Hence, the paper found out that social media is a workable and genuine tool for the propagation ideals of Islam.
Hasminar Rachman Fidiastuti, Anis Samrotul Lathifah, Mohamad Amin, Yudhi Utomo, Riantina Fitra Aldya
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 189-200; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.477

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to know the impact of the Genetics E-module to improve students’ motivation and learning outcomes during the learning process. The method applied was Research and Development, limited until the implementation stage, using the quasi-experiment method with one group pretest-posttest. The motivation instruments were modified questionnaire by Keller with ARCS model, consist of 4 aspects including attention, relevance, confidence, and satisfaction. The population were all of the students from class of 2017 in Biology Education department, Tribhuwana Tunggadewi State University. The pretest was held to know students’ motivation and learning outcomes when using a handout from the lecturer, while the posttest was to know students’ motivation and learning outcomes when using Genetics E-module. Data were collected from the motivation questionnaire and test. After using E-module, there were 27 students with high (71,91 ≤ x < 86), 18 students with medium (57,82 ≤ x < 71,91) and 5 students with low criterion (43,74 ≥ x) of motivation, and there were 58% students who passing the grade in Genetics test. Based on the data analysis, E-module was feasible to be used to improve students’ motivation and also learning outcomes in the Biology Education department.
Kafa Abdallah Kafaa
Published: 30 January 2021
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 71-86; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.462

Abstract:
The article illustrated the intervention of government within poverty alleviation through inclusive social protection for People With Disabilities. By studying Special Health Insurance program in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, it assumes that the existence of the program has occurred from a rights-based perspective in inclusive health configuration. It is based on the case study approach that aimed to explain the Special Health Insurance program implementation to extend coverage to all People With Disabilities. The main result provided the Special Health Insurance-integrated scheme program can be more inclusively and accessible for People With Disabilities than former social protection programs in Indonesia. It has finally provided the best practice for the social protection program as a social policy tool focusing on disability.
Budi Azhari, Muhammad Yacoeb, Ade Irfan
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 475-496; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.550

Abstract:
This study aimed to develop mathematics learning tools to help children with special needs of dyscalculia in elementary school. The procedural development of the device was through a 4-D model consisting of four phases; defining, designing, developing, and disseminating. However, based on the research objectives, this development was limited only to the development stage (develop), which is to the learning device testing activities. So the development of learning tools in this study consisted of three main stages, namely: defining, designing, and development. The results of this study illustrated that learning devices for children with dyscalculia learning disorders could help children more easily deal with learning difficulties. Specifically, it is on the topic of sequencing numbers, addition, and subtraction of integers.
Abu Zarrin Selamat, Hafizul Fahri Hanafi, Sakinah Salleh, Aireen Aina Bahari, Mazarul Hasan Mohamad Hanapi, Miftachul Huda
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 521-530; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.582

Abstract:
This article attempted to investigate the significance of the Islamic and Asian Civilization Course (TITAS) according to the point of view of non-Muslim students to form a harmonious view towards Islam besides forming and cultivating racial unity in Malaysia. This study was also conducted with expectations that TITAS will be the impetus to create moral awareness amongst non-Muslim students towards Islam and Muslims other than giving ideas that multiracial is assimilable through TITAS. This matter was aligned with the objective of the Islamic Civilization study for non-Muslim students and the goals of TITAS introduced in 1983. This study was conducted using a quantitative approach involving 203 non-Muslim students from Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris as the study sample. The mean was 3.81 which depicts a high-level achievement of the goals and objectives of TITAS. This showed that TITAS was able and managed to predispose moral awareness amongst non-Muslim students towards Islam and Muslims. It is also proposed that TITAS continues to be maintained as the mainstream syllabus beyond the pre-university level.
Dian Ratna Sawitri, Ika Zenita Ratnaningsih
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 587-600; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.514

Abstract:
Employability has become an increasingly relevant construct in modern turbulent world economic markets especially in this industrial revolution 4.0 era. Perceived employability involves self-perceived ability to achieve sustainable employment appropriate to one’s level of qualifications. Individual and family-related variables have been identified as predictors of employability in undergraduate students. However, the roles of career action behaviors of planning the future career and exploration of the world of work in these relationships are rarely known. This study aimed to examine the paths from proactive personality and family influence to employability via career planning and exploration. We collected data from 321 undergraduate students from a university in Semarang, Indonesia, M age = 19.89 years, SD age = 5.39, 67.3% female. We used scales of proactive personality, family influence, career planning, career exploration, and employability to collect the data. Structural equation modeling showed that the paths from proactive personality and family influence to employability were all partially mediated by career planning and exploration. Our results underlined the roles of career planning and exploration as mechanisms by which proactive personality and family influence exerted their influences on employability in undergraduate students. The recommendations of the findings of this study are discussed.
Khotimah Khotimah, Imron Rosidi
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 633-648; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.377

Abstract:
Muslim youth in Pekanbaru currently interacts with different culture and tradition. They actively consume modern values spread by global media from different countries. In Muslim societies like Pekanbaru, the rise of modernity and globalization brings multiple impacts on them. One of them is that it supports the growth of piety or religiosity both in the private and public sphere among young Muslims. However, some people may indicate that this piety is a potential or same as radicalism. Radicalism and piety are two complicated terms among young Muslims in this town. As a result, this raises a question on how these Muslim youth understand and practice radicalism and piety. This article argued that, as the impact of globalization and modernity, piety was blended with capitalism and other non-Islamic ideologies. As a result, this article found that, first, Muslim youth in Pekanbaru were negotiating their piety and radicalism with non-Islamic ideologies such as modernity, capitalism, and so forth. Secondly, they could not be labeled into a single term like pious or radical. This is because they were still in the process of negotiation between piety and radicalism.
Elvi Suryana, Nizamuddin Nizamuddin, Agus Sabti, Imran Imran, Syahrul Syahrul, Marty Mawarpury
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 531-552; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.511

Abstract:
The study aimed to determine psychological trauma and depression in survivors of recurring disasters (the 2004 and 2012 earthquakes in Aceh). A quantitative approach was used as the research design, 2 villages located in Banda Aceh were taken as the samples involving 60 respondents from the two villages. The respondents' criteria were: 1) experiencing two earthquakes in 2004 and 2012, 2) aged over 30 years. Data collection used a modification of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale questionnaire, depression scale, and demographic data. The results showed that there was no correlation between psychological trauma and depression in survivors of the recurring earthquake in Aceh. Besides, based on the results of data analysis, there was a correlation between symptoms (p≤0,000), occupation (p≤0,030), and age (p≤0,015) with psychological trauma; and there was no correlation between potential disasters (p≤0,075), family support (p≤0,002), education (p≤0,181) coping ability (p≤0,401), the value of faith (p≤0,266), and income (p≤0,830) with psychological trauma.
Yunita Sari, Tina Afiatin, Subandi Subandi, H.W. Setiawan
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 567-586; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.513

Abstract:
Various studies related to family strength indicators have been carried out in various countries. However, research on family strength in Asia, especially in Indonesia, which has a variety of cultures is still not widely conducted. The purpose of this study was to properly explore key indicators of Sundanese family strength in Bandung City, West Java, Indonesia. This study used the qualitative approach specifically the phenomenology method. The participants were four Sundanese families in Bandung City, who identify its family members are Sundanese and are confirmed by the surrounding community as Sundanese. Data were analyzed with thematic analysis. The result uncovered five themes: 1) accommodating conflict strategy or “silih narima” 2.) positive communication 3.) the emotional intimacy 4.) knowing (philosophy of life) or “neang elmu” 5.) the social support of the family of origin. The implication of these findings is discussed.
Benny Irwan Towoliu, Dimas Ero Permana, Fonny Sangari
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 601-618; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.382

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the residents’ perception towards the Chinese cultural attraction as an icon of cultural heritage tourism in Manado city. Manado is a predominantly Christian community and dominated by indigenous Minahasa tribes. But, now the city is populated by various inhabitants such as Sangir, Gorontalo, Maluku, and even foreign immigrants such as China and Arab migrating since the Dutch colonial era. Of the various communities that exist, practically only the Chinese community that still maintains its rituals amid strong advances in the tourism industry, this cultural practice can become an icon for cultural tourism. However, can the cultural ritual be accepted as an icon of Manado cultural tourism? This research was in the form of a descriptive qualitative approach. The instruments of data collection were questionnaires and field observations. Questionnaires were distributed to 325 respondents spread in Manado. Empirical results showed that every ritual attraction of Chinese Culture had always been awaited and an interesting spectacle for the people of Manado since the people of Chinese descent domiciled in Manado City. These findings could also provide recommendations for policymakers in setting annual tourist agendas as well as providing legal certainty for this region of Chinatown with various attractions as a cultural heritage area.
Marisa Yoestara, Zaiyana Putri
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 497-520; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.386

Abstract:
This study aimed at reporting differences in terms of the university students’ TOEFL self-efficacy in the test skill and the English skills tested in TOEFL namely listening, structure, and reading. In conducting the study, the explanatory sequential mixed method was used as the study design, where the quantitative data from the survey was conducted first followed by the follow-up interview as the qualitative data. To collect the data in this study, a specifically designed self-efficacy questionnaire of TOEFL was distributed to the total sample of 200 university students across different disciplines from Syiah Kuala University and the University of Serambi Mekkah. The interview was then conducted with 3 selected students to have a deeper understanding of the study result. In terms of the data analysis, one-way ANOVA and t-test were used to describe the quantitative data, while the qualitative data was described and elaborated in words with detailed explanations. The result showed that there was a significant difference among the test skill and the English skills in TOEFL, where F= 13.61 (3, 796), p
Husnul Isa Harahap
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 619-632; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.435

Abstract:
This research was carried out in the Pondok Pesantren Al-Hidayah. This pesantren is located in Deli Serdang District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. It is a boarding school that educates children of terrorists and low-income families. This study aimed to analyze the differences between children of terrorists in comparison to children from low-income families, from the perspective of Indonesian nationalism. The subject is Pancasila: the official, foundational philosophical theory of the Indonesian state. The findings of this study indicated that children from low-income families had a better understanding of Pancasila than children of terrorists. However, this does not mean that all children of terrorists did not understand Pancasila, as there were still those who did comprehend a small amount. Regarding the tendency for violence, this study had found that both children of terrorists and children from low-income families both had a desire to hit if bullied or ridiculed. One prominent difference is that children of terrorists seemed to have different imaginations. They might have visions of heaven as well as sharp objects. The percentage of this occurrence was minuscule, which means this trend did not occur in all children of terrorists. However, this finding indicated that children of terrorists needed special attention.
Suwaiba Salihu, Atiku Garba Yahaya
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 649-662; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.575

Abstract:
The paper examined the challenges encountered during data collection in a field survey. There existed some variations between oral narratives and documented evidence on the history of Islam in Yauri Emirate. Management of such conflicting data from primary and secondary sources in academic research was one of the most tasking endeavors because it required corroboration people who witnessed the events and experts with authentic versions of the historical development of the event under investigation. Reconciling such data has become a daunting task for the researchers however when the researcher resorted to verification of the data collected from the experts and available old people in the community concerned, both data could be harmonized and produced robust findings in the reconstruction of Islamic history in Yauri Emirate.
Arry Handayani, Sudargo Sudargo, Padmi Dhyah Yulianti, Sukma Nur Ardini
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 553-566; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.512

Abstract:
Adolescence is one of the hard phases in the development of human life. It happens because adolescents have to adjust themselves to the changes within their self, likewise to adapt to the society’s demands which sometimes assume them as an adult. If the situation cannot be responded wisely, it will adversely affect adolescents especially in the digital era where social media is very popular and has a great influence on adolescents. Furthermore, if in the end, adolescents cannot show their true ‘self’ for the sake of getting a lot of followers, comments, and likes. This writing was supposed to analyze adolescents and social media especially the effect of social media on adolescents based on self-theory. The method used was the literature review which includes the source, as follows; research abstract, review, and journal. The analysis method was based on the analysis theory about self from Carl Roger. Self-theory was used when discussing adolescents and social media. The self develops through individual interaction with the surroundings. In this case, because of the demand to get a lot of followers, comments, and likes which cause the adolescents often did not show their true selves.
Ismail Muhammad, Safrina Ariani
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 451-474; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.543

Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the pattern of Indonesian National Qualifications Framework-based curriculum development carried out by 5 best Arabic Language Department (PBA) of undergraduate programs –accredited A- in Indonesia. The method used was qualitative research covering document analysis, interviews, and observations that were applied, and followed by data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The results showed that generally, the PBA departments had developed their curriculum by referring to the steps and rules in the KKNI standard. However, the determination of the courses was not carried out in-depth by developing learning outcomes and lesson materials independently, but only by referring to the CPL from the National Standards for Higher Education (SNPT) of the Minister of Education and Culture Regulation (MOEC) No. 49 of 2014, as well as by adjusting the CPL and the lesson materials to existing courses. This was because the PBA study program had difficulties in developing CPL independently. The curriculum structure developed by PBA was based on the serial model curriculum structure where the courses were arranged from the easiest in the first semester to the most difficult one last semester.
, Eni Maryani, Dian Wardiana Sjuchro
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 225-242; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.488

Abstract:
Bioskop Harewos is a cinema that specialized in visually impaired film viewers in Bandung, Indonesia. The cinema runs with a traditional and distinct watching process. Some important concepts used in this research are related to communication competences; Visually impaired; and film. Using a qualitative method with constructivism paradigm and case study approach, this research tries to uncover several aspects, such as the communication capabilities of Visual Readers in Bioskop Harewos; the management effort of Bioskop Harewos in enhancing the communication effectiveness between Visual Readers and visually impaired viewers; also the competency of communication skills that required by Visual Readers. The result of this study revealed that the communication skills of Visual Readers in terms of being a prompter to visually impaired viewers were still under expectation. In terms of improving communication skills, the manager of the Bioskop Harewos has made several introductions and pre-viewing activities, yet the result is not as expected. This research also found three key competencies that are a necessity to be possessed by Visual Readers.
Franesa Jeanne Castil Arrabaca, Renato L. Base
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 377-396; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.531

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper was to examine the extent of citizen’s participation and satisfaction in local governance in view of the powers of barangay assembly as stated in the Local Government Code of the Philippines (Republic Act No. 7160). This study aims at exploring the dynamic interplay of citizen’s satisfaction in the conduct of barangay assembly relative to their participation to said assembly as platform towards participatory local governance. Based on the results of our study, we recommended that LGU participation and regular attendance in barangay assemblies should be intensified, along with that, citizen’s participation and satisfaction right after the conduct of the assembly should have feedback mechanism, and based on the findings of our study we present policy implications and insights essential for the enhancing what is contain in Chapter 6 of the Local Government Code of the Philippines.
, Zahrila Ismail, Muhammad Adli Abdullah, Fitri Zulfidar
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 409-422; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.431

Abstract:
In general, the discourse on youth existence and radicalism in Aceh has been started by a radicalism map and ended by analyzing data on youth involvement in countering radicalism in Aceh. The data were presented from previous facts, media publications, interviews, and observations of various sources. The result of the analysis revealed that the intensity of radicalism discourse among youth had increased in 2017. It was the momentum of the development of radicalism discourse. It was reflected by the involvement of youth activists of various community, youth and university organizations in countering radicalism ideas in Aceh. Therefore, the challenge of youth existence in responding to religious radicalism unemployment and drug in Aceh is very important. It is perceived that not every single radical action reflects the ideological belief but due to social and political gaps.
, Fadhilah Fadhilah, Miftahul Jannah, Inayatillah Inayatillah
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 313-326; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.470

Abstract:
Parental religious education is the most important thing in educating and raising children. The religious education that parents have will influence the norms and behavior of children to be educated and mature individuals. But now, even though parents understand the religious values, it is still difficult to implement these values in the family, especially in controlling the interaction of their children. This study investigated the religious value of parents in raising their children and the solution they offer to solve the problem related to sexual harassment issues faced by the children. This study used interviews, documentation, and observation, conducted in three locations namely in Bireuen district with four families, in North Aceh with three families, in Pidie Jaya with seven families, a total of all 14 families. The survey results in Bireuen showed even though their children suffered sexual harassment and rape but the parents were still able to hold their emotions because they had a strong religious education. They were happy to have children because it was assumed that they came from intact families. There is a stigma of society that their children are victims of sexual violation, whereas their parents have a good religious education. Complete intact families that still have both parents, can bring happiness, comfort, protect, and communicate well with their children. Otherwise, incomplete families whose children suffered sexual abuse victims are difficult to solve the problems being faced, especially to cheer up their children.
, Elis Suryani Nani Sumarlina, Rangga Saptya Mohamad Permana
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 259-278; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.369

Abstract:
The variety of Sundanese manuscripts are still scattered in individual communities, as well as those already stored in various libraries and museums in West Java. The Sundanese script is still stored in the Ciletuh Geopark, Sukabumi District. This research is interesting because of the discovery of several manuscripts around the southern Sukabumi area, especially at Surade, Ciemas, and Jampang Kulon areas. Descriptive method of comparative analysis that was used trying to describe the data in detail and thoroughly, analyze it carefully, and compare those target accurately between several texts studied. While the method of the study in the form of text critique method, referred to the method of a single script, through the standard edition. The method of content review used the method of cultural studies, which reveals the existence and function of the script pragmatically in the community, especially in the Ciletuh Geopark. The results of the research can be considered as "the documents and local wisdom of Sundanese culture", which deserves to be addressed wisely in the hope that the content contained in it is able to reveal the history of the life of Ciletuh Geopark, either through written tradition, folklore, and culture.
, Muhazar Muhazar, Rahmad Syahputra, Cut Intan Salasiyah
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 243-258; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.489

Abstract:
This research studied the City Government’s endeavor of Banda Aceh to make the city as a civilized city model. Describing the efforts and constraints faced by the government, revealing responses of local citizens, and defining the present conditions of the city became the objective. A qualitative approach covering field observations, documents, and interviews, was applied and followed by data reduction, data display, and concluding. By involving related stakeholders, the new government duo headed by Aminullah Usman and Zainal Arifin has extended the Medium-term Development Plan to realize anew Long-term Development, Land Use, and Area Plan. Nevertheless, a lack of participation in the implementation of sharia appeared, less than optimal governance systems and uneven economic empowerment. Those generated varied responses from the lower, middle, and upper-class citizens. Therefore, to bring the glory of Banda Aceh, the duo has launched the concept of Banda Aceh the Brilliant City.
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 397-408; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.463

Abstract:
In the history of thought, defending human rights and freedom, positivist and materialist views are critical of religion in general and Islam in particular. Islam as a divine religion with its theoretical and practical dimensions has been the guarantor of human rights. Positivist and materialist views on every occasion ready to blame and identify the Islamic concept of servitude (to God) with slavery. But if we examine Islam in-depth with a philosophical mind, we can see that the Islamic concept of devotional servitude accommodates genuine freedom which intends to protect the health of both the body and the soul. Positivist and materialist minds consider the issue of human rights as their own, and religious sides approach this issue reluctantly due to the rhetoric of human rights devoid of religious rhetoric. Finding reasonable answers to the questions of what the source of human honor is and what makes human being meaningful will bring closer to each other the positivist/materialist views and religious views.
Teuku Muttaqin Mansur, Sulaiman Sulaiman, Hasbi Ali
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 423-442; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.443

Abstract:
This article aims to find out the legal position, authority, and structure of adat(customary) court in Aceh. This study used juridical methods. Data were obtained through literacy studies by examining such as the rule of laws, books, and journals. Data were analyzed using a qualitative descriptive approach. The results of the study showed that adat court in Aceh has a significant position in the legislative system. The authority of the adat court in Aceh is able to resolve small disputes that occur in society. The structure of adat court in Aceh is divided into land and sea areas. Adat court in the land territory consists of the village and the mukim adat court, and the sea territory consists of lhok and district adat court.
Azza Ismu Annisa, Mundilarto Mundilarto
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 299-312; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.416

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal (1) the construct and (2) the characteristics of the developed instrument for assessing Physics cognitive learning achievement of high school students in outdoor learning models through local wisdom-based fieldwork. This research was a research and development using the approach developed by Mardapi (2012: 110). The steps taken included (1) preparing instrument specifications, (2) writing the instrument, (3) reviewing the instrument, (4) doing instrument trial, (5) analyzing the instrument, (6) improving the instrument, assemble the test (8) implementing the test, and (9) interpreting measurement result. The results of the study showed that the Instrument of cognitive skills consisted of 50 items with two-tier multiple choices focused on indicators of cognitive skills. The instrument was categorized fit the PCM 1PL and the difficulty level of the items ranges from -1,00 to 1,22 which means the items were in a good category. The reliability of the items was 0,89 for the ability ranging from -2 to 2 with standard error measurement 0,23, which means it was in a very high category.
Made Kerta Adhi, Ni Putu Parmini, Ni Putu Desi Wulandari
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 279-298; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.420

Abstract:
The study aims at describing the transformation of the Balinese satua values for strengthening the alpha generation (Gen A)’s character education in Kindergarten Saraswati Tabanan. The method used was qualitative research with a Cultural Studies approach. The results showed that Masatua (storytelling) was carried out for twenty minutes every “Thursday Cultures" in Balinese, such as Masatua Siap Selem, and Ni Bawang Teken Ni Kesuna. They were very happy to listen to stories because they were supported by pictures media, the narrator were hilarious and familiar, interspersed with dialogues and Balinese folk songs. Previously, the characters of the Gen A was relatively less independent or less confident, spoiled, and egocentric. After Gen A were given Balinese storytelling continuously, there were process internalization of balinese satua values, which can influence the strengthening of the character of children, such as children become independent, confident, religious, honest, disciplined, tolerant, creative, and responsible. In conclusion, the Balinese satua contains noble moral values that can be told to children with practical ways, and pragmatic manner in a pleasant atmosphere. Masatua was carried out sustainable so that it became a habit, culture and can strengthen the characters of Gen A, and also preservation and development of local wisdom.
, Siti Ropiah
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 327-350; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.466

Abstract:
The basic principle of the judge in the decision of the Supreme Court No.16K / AG / 2010 was borrowed which according to some heirs of non-Muslim thinkers of Islam inherited inheritance through borrowed roads. Their opinion as stated by Classical Islamic Scholars. The authorities must exclude part of the legacy of the person who died as proof of him even though he did not inherit it beforehand, based on the premise that the authorities must ensure the rights of people who have not been fulfilled. According to the legal system in Indonesia, the body will include being borrowed into the absolute competence of religious courts based on Law No. 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts related to Law No. 3 of 2006 concerning amendments to Law No. 7 1989 concerning the Religious Courts. Judges who refer to the inheritance of Islam in Indonesia are conducted by judges in the religious court environment with the first absolute level of competence as mandated by law.
, Syahrial Razali Ibrahim
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 351-376; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.375

Abstract:
This study aims to measure the validity and reliability of the Islamic Religious-Personality and Social Environmental (IRPS) model. Religiosity and spirituality mediated by social environment variables were measured by SEM-PLS. Cognitive development by Piaget and the spiritual development theory by Fawler were applied in this study. The quantitative approach as a data analysis tool for the five hypotheses developed in the model. To ensure the validity and reliability of the converger validity instrument, Deverger validity and Construct Reliability test were involved with 32 items, and indicators that were valid and reliable were used to measure the Religiosity and Spirituality mediated by the social environment towards the personality of the adolescent. A total of 381 samples had been taken with systematic random sampling. The sample consisted of high school students, vocational schools, and Islamic senior high schools. The age of the respondents consisted of 16-19 years consists of 112 males and 169 females. The IRPS model that was developed has gone through a predictive relevance test and it turns out that it can be used to measure Islamic Religion-Personality through a Social Environment. The study found that there was an influence of Islamic religiosity on adolescent personality and adolescent personality not influenced by Islamic spirituality. Islamic religiosity and spirituality correlated with the social environment and positively influencing the personality of adolescents.
, Habiburrahim Habiburrahim, Safrul Muluk, Muhammad Ravi
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 157-178; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.405

Abstract:
The study of this article was set out to identify the use of the language of propaganda in Bush’s political speech. It was purposed to clarify the propaganda techniques applied by Bush in order to have one point of view among the audiences. The study focused on how the techniques of propaganda occurred within Bush Jr.’s speech in which he attempted to explain the different sides of who is combating terrorism and who is performing terror. The material of analysis was the speech delivered by Bush Jr. in front of the Military Officers Association of America Meeting in 2006. This article then found that the propagandist tries to control the relationship between information and audiences’ mind through the usage of language in their political speech. It was argued that propaganda can also effectively work toward almost all types of audiences, whereas the strategy of propaganda was mostly creating a fallacious reasoning connection concerning the topics being discussed.
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 179-200; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.367

Abstract:
Since 2008, district/city governments in Aceh have received special autonomy funds transfers from the central government. This study aimed to assess the absolute and conditional convergence of HDI in Aceh, and examine the effect of special autonomy funds and other socio-economic variables on HDI conditional convergence during the implementation of special autonomy in Aceh. The data used were secondary data with panel data covering 23 districts/cities in Aceh in 2008-2017. The analysis model used was the convergence model with the Fixed Effect panel regression analysis approach; testing analytical tools used the Hausman Test, Chow Test, and statistical tests. The regression results of the fixed effect model revealed that the occurrence of absolute HDI convergence in districts/cities in Aceh. The estimation of conditional convergence indicated that population density played a significant and significant role in driving the convergence of HDI districts/city. Special autonomy funds had a positive influence but were not significant to encourage the HDI convergence process. It was also followed by the number of working people who did not significantly influence the HDI. Therefore, policymakers in districts/cities in Aceh must continue to pay serious attention in an effort to accelerate human development, through human development priorities sourced from Aceh's special autonomy fund.
, Umar Keley, Devi Tutut Rianjani, Jan Hendriek Nunaki, Elya Nusantari, Novri Youla Kandowangko
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 83-98; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.351

Abstract:
The learning process in high schools in West Papua tends to focus on students’ cognitive enhancement and ignore the aspect skill. School is the frontline to develop students’ skills. Metacognitive and process skills are the two skills needed by the students, and both should be trained and developed. These two skills help students to implement an investigation process in which the investigation process can be well utilized using inquiry-based learning. This study aims to find out the differences in metacognitive and process skills between students treated with inquiry-based learning and those who are taught using conventional learning. This experimental study was carried out at Grade X of senior high school students of SMA Negeri 1 Manokwari. The result reveals a significant metacognitive skill of 0.000 < α 0.05, and science process skill of 0.001 < α 0.05 of students who were taught using the inquiry-based learning more than those who were taught using the conventional learning. It can be concluded that there is a significant improvement in students’ metacognitive and process skills for those who are taught using inquiry-based learning compared to those who are taught using conventional learning. Therefore, inquiry-based learning has the potential to appropriately train students’ metacognitive and science process skill.
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 143-156; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.336

Abstract:
This research discussed about the study of TeungkuChiekDirundeng’s struggle in confronting Dutch colonial. Teungku Chiek Dirundeng was one of the Moslem scholars and one of the fighters in South West Coast, who had developed human civilization and education through dayah. Moreover, he found the Dutch in order to defend the territory; the war was called by the Sabil (holy) war. The term of the Sabil War had motivated his troops and followers to have a high fighting spirit. This story was enshrined in Aceh story, namely Hikayat Teungku in Meukek. This research applied qualitative methods. It told about his birth and his struggle comprehensively. The data were collected through interviews, observation and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The findings of this study revealed that Teungku Chiek Dirundeng as a respected figure in society. He was also identical with the dayah education since he had promoted establishing the dayah. Dayah was a building center for guiding the human to understand religious values and the sabil war ideology to defy Dutch colonial. There were some dayahs built by Teungku Chiek Dirundeng such as dayah in DamaTutong, in Meukek, in Plumat, in Labuhan Haji, and the last in Rundeng, Meulaboh. On the other hand, Teungku Chiek Dirundeng was a fighter who continually fought the Dutch. In 1893, he, along with his troops, had confronted with the other Muslims, namely Teuku Raja Hitam (UleeBalang/King of Meulaboh). In this war, Teungku Chiek Dirundeng and his troops got defeated because Ulee Balang was assisted by the Dutch.
Feriska Listrianti,
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 37-52; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.380

Abstract:
The transformation and development of educational institutions in Indonesia also require pesantren to make improvements while maintaining their distinctiveness. Demands for development on the one hand and religious problems on the other are two threats and challenges for pesantren. The response to the two threats is anticipated by the pesantren with the development of a distinctive curriculum that distinguishes it from other institutions. This article discusses the process of developing curriculum insight nationality-oriented in pesantren, both in terms of patterns of development, the foundation of development, and conception of development. It is then becoming the key to the success of the pesantren in instilling nationalism in santri.
Lelya Hilda, Rosimah Lubis, Tatta Herawati Daulae
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 63-82; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.341

Abstract:
Interconnected Integration based learning is really needed to narrow the dualism space or the science dichotomy which separates between general education and religion education which then has an impact on the separation and segregation of religious awareness and general science. In the learning process, critical and creative thinking skills are very important, because it can make people become more mentally flexible, open and easy to adapt to various situations and problems. The type of this research was research and development. The development model used in this study was a modification of Borg and Gall's development stage which states that there were 10 stages in research and development. The research results showed that the instructional materials produced had very good validity (89%), very practical (91.19% by teachers and 86.21% by students and very efficient with the average critical and creative thinking (pretest) of students; 66.31 and posttest 80.26, and the results of the t-test count = 15.712 with sig 0.00
Ruhaiza Binti Padzil, Mohd Zailani Mohd Yusoff,
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 53-62; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.519

Abstract:
This study aimed to identify the relationship between Islamic spirituality and the level of delinquent behavior. Islamic spirituality among students is studied in terms of belief and faith, extrinsic and intrinsic aspects. This study used the survey method. The sample of this study was selected using random sampling. Data was collected from a pilot sample of 120 Malay students studying in ordinary secondary schools in Johor using questionnaires. The research questionnaire used Islamic Spiritual Disposition Questionaire (ISDQ) developed by Mohd Zailani (2009) and Delinquency Behaviour Disposition questionnaires developed by Carl Jung’s (1997). Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. The analysis of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between the dimensions of Islamic spirituality and the level of delinquent behavior among students. The findings of the study showed that the domains involved in Islamic spirituality may reduce the tendency of delinquent behavior among students.
Nurmawati Nurmawati, Zulfitri Zulfitri, , Khairul Amri
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 1-16; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.387

Abstract:
The article projected the cultural identity resistance to preserve the young generations within the Malay community among Southeast Asia nations. The article uncovered the challenge of cultural shifts young people to bear with global life. The Modernism way of life might not suit to the original way of life; it only took to hedonism, personal logic, and contemporary then merely to maturity. At the same time, it might also endanger the existence of Malay Identity for the long term. This article conveyed the friction of cultural shift among Malay young people who influenced to expose the change in their personal identity and role model. The friction carried a serious threat to the whole Malay as an origin identity. The article composed the research focuses on the Malay race tradition who embraces Islam as a way of life. The Malay community embraces Islamic Identity as a cultural feature “adat bersendikan syarak” the collocational Islamic tradition within the cultural identity. The identity-preserved religion and culture inseparable and integrated one to another as ethnographically proposed research articles applied implemented participant and key informant interviewing from issues phenomenon.
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 129-142; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.340

Abstract:
Spirit of gender equalities is currently stretching amid the strong patriarchal system in North Padang Lawas District North Sumatera. In terms of education, women get the same rights as men, even in some villages, more women go to school/college than men. There is a growing slogan that is "anak do boru, boru do anak" (boys and girls are the same). Women have the freedom to choose their own spouse and are not bound to the custom of "manyunduti". However, in the economic field, wives work in the fields and tore rubber to support the family's economy besides they have to do all the household works. Based on the gender perspective, this is a form of gender injustice, the namely double burden. Another form of inequality is in terms of inheritance, in which they get little part even in the form of giving (pangalehenan/ olongate). This is a form of marginalization experienced by women in North Padang Lawas District North Sumatera.
, Niloufar Heshmati Manesh
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 17-36; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.516

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to highlight the experiences of dance as an approach to give optimism in reducing the difficulties of narcoleptic patients that stem close to normal social functioning, and to explore the consequences of dance on narcoleptic patients in physiological, environmental and interpersonal aspects. A semi-structured interview was conducted to 3 selected narcoleptics, age ranging from 30 to 45 years, with at least 6 months of dance experience, using a purposive sampling procedure. Thematic analysis enabled the identification of key components of the impacts of dance and its coping mechanisms as the generated themes from the two research questions to include; 1) Dance as a form of Expression, Being Mindful, Decreased Symptoms, Self-achievement, Self-Enjoyment, Satisfaction level, Self-contentment, Stress-release and Balance of health, 2) Flexibility in Dance Style, Wider perspective in Dance Style, Social Functioning, Attention Skills, Emotion Management, Positive mind-set, Time management, and Intra-Familial relation. The finding from the two research questions was identified across the generated themes. The findings were expected to increase awareness among people in the issue of narcolepsy and its consequences for the purpose of mental health and well-being to promote a healthy lifestyle and better quality of life. Research Implications for the improvement of narcoleptics were also discussed for the purpose of module developments and interventions.
Gumgum Gumelar, Erik Erik, Herdiyan Maulana
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 99-108; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.372

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the need for cognition and the need for affection towards the intention of spreading fake news. This research used an experimental design by giving the participants some manipulations in the form of fake news. The study examined whether the participant spreads the news provided based on their different need orientations. The results of this study indicate that there was a significant relationship between the need for affection and the need for cognition in terms of spreading false news. This study also investigated the variation of the tendency to spread the news based on both need scores. Although predictions are related to participants who have high or low scores who tend to spread false news, further research is needed.
, Utang Suwaryo, Affan Sulaeman, Leo Agustino
Published: 30 January 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 109-128; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.368

Abstract:
This article attempts to discuss the practice of democratic governance in contemporary Indonesia. This study is essential since Indonesia is one of the countries transitioning from authoritarianism towards democracy following the fall of Suharto’s regime. This study shall answer whether democratic governance in Indonesia experiences a crisis, with a focus of analysis on the four dimensions of democratic governance, namely: (1) rule of law, (2) human rights, (3) civil society, and (4) elections and political process. This study applies a qualitative method by collecting data from document studies and literary studies. The findings in this study indicate that democratic governance in Indonesia experiences a crisis as evidenced by the remaining-weak legal supremacy in Indonesia, and the existence of violations of the implementation of human rights, eventually led to horizontal conflicts. The inability of civil society organizations to carry out their functions in democratization as an intermediary between the community and the state as well as to influence government policies for the public interest. Another recent weakness is there are still strong issues related to primordialism in the occasion of General Elections. This crisis of democratic governance shall bring Indonesia to "the decline of democracy" instead of democratic consolidation.
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