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Journal The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice

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The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice; doi:10.28925/2078-1687

Nataliya Dichek
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.1528

Abstract:The article highlights the leading ideas of Ukrainian scientists – philosophers, psychologists, educators – about the ways of individualization of education in the period of its reforming on a humanistic basis (1991-2014). The provisions of the personality-oriented paradigm of education, genetic psychology, psychology of creativity, approaches to the education of gifted children are reflected. It was substantiated that since the mid-1990s, education and upbringing in the Ukrainian school began to modernize in the spirit of the new post-non-classical education model. According to it declared, it wasn’t the acquisition of a person’s amount of knowledge that was recognized as a value, but the development of person’s potential and capabilities, the process of its creative self-actualization and self-realization, that is, the personalityoriented model of school education, the value of school education. It is shown that Ukrainian scientists in their studies substantiated the humanistic paradigm of subjectivity. It is shown that V. Kremen as the President of the National Academy of Education of Ukraine develops the paradigm of human centeredness in the context of the synergy of the value-cognitive meanings of the educational process and in the context of the actual philosophical problem of «complexity». The post-non-classical Ukrainian system of education is approved based on its informatization and computerization, and the development of the individual is largely based on the possibilities of the information space. However, the methodology of the activity approach remained in the study of the personality of the student. Ukrainian scientists created the basis for the study of the students’ psyche not as a combination of individual mental functions and cognitive parameters, which is characteristic of functional and cognitive psychology, but as an integrity with all the individual characteristics and manifestations that the person as a subject develops, organizes and controls.
Oksana Synekop
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 60-69; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.6069

Abstract:In the article the features of the assessment in differentiated instruction of English professional communication to the future IT specialists with different levels of foreign language proficiency and various learning styles are considered. Types and forms of control in differentiated instruction are characterized. Receptive, reproductive and productive ways of control are highlighted. The described two-stage model of assessment with partial involvement of adaptive testing includes: enter testing, which allows teachers differentiate students according to the levels of foreign language proficiency and learning styles; progressive adaptive testing, which is implemented in the zone of proximal development, helps to identify individual and group achievement points and needs to optimize test materials to meet students’ current needs; the final testing, which defines the level of foreign language proficiency at the end of the course. It is proposed to implement progressive adaptive testing by using mechanisms of adaptation, expansion and complication, improvement. Adaptive mechanism involves the effect of adapting to individual characteristics, based on the level of foreign language proficiency in the enter testing and a dominant learning style. The mechanism of expansion and complication aims at shifting the emphasis in the learning style of the students (not dominant learning styles), increasing the complexity of tasks for students providing them by various supports. The mechanism of improvement is focused on variations of learning styles, the development of English-language skills, as well as the wide usage of assessment strategies. The criteria for the complexity of the test task are analysed.
Galyna Gorshkova
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 113-119; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.113119

Abstract:The article analyzes the training of future speech therapists in universities of Russia, Kazakhstan, the USA, Great Britain, Australia, Canada. It is emphasized that the training of future speech therapists in Russia and Kazakhstan belongs to the field of pedagogy, while in the USA, UK, Australia, Canada in the field of medicine. It affects the content of the training of future speech therapists. In these countries, students study first at undergraduate, then in the magistracy. Only graduate of the magistracy gets the opportunity to work as a speech therapist. The article also defines the notion of «professional training», «future speech therapist», «adapted physical exercises». The data of scientists from different countries on the connection of motor and speech activity is given. The necessity of influence on speech activity with the help of adapted physical exercises is determined. In order to study the foreign experience of the training of future speech therapists in higher education institutions, the use of adapted physical exercises in Russia, Kazakhstan, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, were reviewed lists of academic disciplines in the universities of these countries. Having analyzed the study programs at the universities of Russia, Kazakhstan, the United States, Great Britain, Australia, Canada, we arrive at the conclusion that a separate discipline or discipline focused on the use of adapted physical exercises by future speech therapists, in our interpretation, for the professional training of future speech therapists in the universities of these countries at the time of our study we were not found. In connection with this, the experience of the training of future speech therapists to the use of adapted physical exercises at universities in Russia, Kazakhstan, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada at the time of our study, we have not found. This is the basis for forming the content of a separate discipline and formulating the content of disciplines focused on the use of adapted physical exercises by future speech therapists in future professional activities, the accumulation of experience and the possibility of future provision of this experience to improve the quality of the training of future speech therapists.
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 100-105; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.100105

Abstract:The article is devoted to the identification of the higher education development trends on the basis of the key analytical documents analysis of the following international organizations in higher education: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (ОЕCD), World Bank, European University Association. UNESCO documents are focused on the autonomy of higher education institutions and academic freedom. Autonomy means that degree of self-governance necessary for effective decision making by institutions of higher education regarding their academic work, standards, management and related activities consistent with systems of public accountability, especially in respect of funding provided by the state, and respect for academic freedom and human rights. However, the nature of institutional autonomy may differ according to the type of establishment involved. Autonomy is the institutional form of academic freedom and a necessary precondition to guarantee the proper fulfilment of the functions entrusted to higher-education teaching personnel and institutions. The World Bank Analytical reports are emphasized on the financial autonomy as an integral part of the higher education financing system. The OECD reports are devoted to the university autonomy in the context of financing, quality assessment and management of higher education institutions. The tendencies of the development of higher education systems in Europe are defined. They are increasing of the role of higher education in ensuring the competitiveness of countries in the world economic community; increasing of the universities competition in market economy and controlling over the public financial resources effective using; increasing demands for higher education quality; decentralization of higher education institutions management; development of the institutional autonomy and academic freedom; the interconnection of institutional autonomy, accountability and responsibility for the quality of higher education; the educational paradigm changing in terms of learning and teaching recognition as key institutional priorities.
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 70-77; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.7077

Abstract:The article represents basic psychological, psycholinguistic and methodological background of development of the online course for teaching basic Japanese dialogue and monologue. The mentioned prerequisites are to be seen in close relation to the modern tendencies of foreign language teaching. The role of modern teacher as a representer of the teaching process as well as facilitator of the studying process itself is also described. Basic factors that influence the process of forming communicative competence in Japanese language are presented. Thus, among methodological background the process of organizing studying by teacher, the individualization principles in teaching are mentioned. The individual styles of learning, as well as individual strategies are presented as essential psychological prerequisites of the studying process. The psycholinguistic process of getting the new information is presented as one of the factors of forming the communicative competence in speaking. Based on the mentioned factors, the online course for teaching basic Japanese dialogical and monological speech is described. The course is being at the process of development. The article deals with its basic steps of studying. Some practical aspects of the future course usage are shown. The course includes three basic steps, which present the whole process from getting sample phrases and text till presenting fluent self-made dialogues and speeches in Japanese. The first step presents video materials and printed materials where students get the information on the phrase level. The video component of the course allows saving the auditory time by doing a big amount of work online. The second step presents authorial dialogues in video and printed form. Together with the basic structure needed to present the dialogue students are given some extra information of cross cultural character. The aim of the step is to present self-made dialogues by students. The third step suggests work on the speech level. The purpose of the last step lies in creating authorial students` speeches based on the given material. The course presents a complex system of online and printed materials which, together with the teacher`s work in class, enable fast development of speaking skills. Furthermore, the perspectives of the future usage of the course are laid as a base for its practical development.
Olha Haliuka
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 29-36; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.2936

Abstract:The article shows the theoretical analysis of social problems of the teacher’s mobility. The thesis is devoted to the thorough theoretical analysis of the concept of «social mobility». The main approaches to the interpretation of the social mobility content are generalized: philosophical, sociological, psychological, pedagogical. Mobility from a philosophical point of view shows the determinants of professional development and the formation of a professionally successful person. Sociology considers mobility through the prism of social roles and a personal characteristic of the response to changes in a particular area of life. The psychological approach treats mobility in the context of the formation of selfconsciousness, self-realization of personality. Mobility in pedagogy focuses on the active, creative role of both learners and those who teach, as well as the actions of the individual in terms of self-improvement and self-development. The features of social mobility are identified and characterized: cognitive, professional-organizational, personal, and motivational. The characteristics of such varieties of mobility as «social», «vertical», «horizontal», etc. are proposed. The content of the concepts «pedagogical mobility», «professional mobility» is defined, the characteristic features of these definitions are indicated and the ways of their formation are outlined among teachers. Characterized indicators of formation of preparedness for professional mobility of a teacher. Also, the theoretical analysis of approaches to the interpretation of the content of social mobility made it possible to determine that social mobility serves as a source of positive changes in the political and economic life of the country, it allows to initiate individual individuals and people in general to improve conditions and increase the range of life. In education - this is the process of rapid adaptation and personality development, which «pushes» to the creation of qualitatively new forms and methods of realizing the potential, it is necessary topical characteristic of the teacher of the modern world.
Svitlana Stebljuk
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 45-51; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.4551

Abstract:The article deals with the specifics of the training of future specialists in entrepreneurship, trade and exchange activities in multy-degree system of education. The research on the identified problem is found out in the areas of: professional pedagogy, competency approach in the educational process; professional competence of future specialists of economic direction, including entrepreneurship; multy-degree system of education. The purpose of the article is to reveal the peculiarities of the training of future specialists in entrepreneurship, trade and exchange activities based on the volumes of educational programs under conditions of multy-degree system of education. Objective: to find out the requirements of the Standard of Higher Education in specialty 076; to disclose the content of educational programs at the educational qualification level «junior specialist», educational degrees «bachelor», «master»; to submit proposals for the improvement of educational programs according to the specialty. The theoretical and practical training in the college is analyzed, in accordance with the Standard of higher education of Ukraine, the competence, which should be possessed by experts: integral, general, special. The author analyzes the content of educational programs, the share of disciplines of professional training, practical training at college and university. It is determined that the specialty of specialist training under the «Master» program is that it provides for the provision of fundamental scientific and methodological and applied knowledge of economic processes and regularities of the functioning and development of a trading company, organization of trade and exchange activities; realization of commoditymarketing and commercial tasks concerning the assortment and quality of goods; making operative decisions within the limits of its competence concerning preservation of the quality of goods in the process of commodity turnover; evaluation of the quality of the main groups of goods in market conditions, taking into account the current legislative framework. Proposals for improvement of educational programs according to the specialty are submitted. In particular, an increase in the number of credits for practical training on the educational level of «bachelor», as in accordance with the Law of Ukraine «On Higher Education» it is a completed course in the training of a future specialist; the introduction into the educational program of the Master’s degree in credit for psychological and pedagogical training, respectively, the availability of pedagogical practice that will provide pedagogical activities in educational institutions.
Iryna Nazarenko
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 52-59; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.5259

Abstract:This article draws attention to the importance of English language speaking competence mastery for future software engineers; some arguments in support are being well-grounded. The author offers analysis of existing scientific works of different scientists, who faced similar pedagogical problems and summarizes their findings. The article has its purpose to study possible pedagogical ways to improve English learning results among this category of students, by analyzing psychological features of these students’ category and developing own pedagogical recommendations. With the purpose to raise effectiveness on the way to form professional English language speaking competence of future software engineers, some age peculiarities of these students are being analyzed. The possible ways to apply these findings in the learning process are being discussed. The author gives detailed analyses of psychological features and the outlook of the students, studies professional features of programmers. The author comes out with personally developed pedagogical ways to use some of characteristic features of these students’ category, each of which, having its positive side, can be applied in favour of the learning process. Some recommendations to be applied in the process of forming professional English language speaking competence of future software engineers are systematized in a table. Among them are: the wide use of schematically represented matters, the extended use of self-evaluation and interpersonal evaluation among students, the advice to involve students in a wider range of group activities, including games, projects etc., encourage students’ introspection, the necessity of getting students acquainted with some aspects of the theory of communication, among which are the secrets of effective communication, etc. The important task is to induce students to acquire a number of personal learning strategies and apply them in the process of mastering English language speaking competence.
The Pedagogical Process: Theory and Practice pp 7-14; doi:10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.714

Abstract:The article deals with the essence and content of the concept of general pedagogy in the context of itscorrelation with the multiplicity of knowledge about education, its development and improvement of the conceptual and terminological apparatus of modern pedagogical research. It has been emphasized that general pedagogy is understood as science and as a scientific discipline, and the definition of general pedagogy, as a rule, includes both aspects. The article concludes that general pedagogy is the core of pedagogical science; it forms its basis, which at the substantive-essential level distinguishes pedagogical science from all other branches of scientific knowledge. General pedagogy studies and discloses key pedagogical categories, notions, concepts, paradigms, approaches, laws, patterns, principles according to which any pedagogical phenomenon or pedagogical process are opened out, develops a methodology for building pedagogical science and conducting pedagogical research, methods and methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of pedagogical phenomena and processes, criteria of the scientific and pedagogical activity effectiveness, analysis of general pedagogical and philosophical doctrines. The actual problems of general pedagogy are the methodology of pedagogical research, problems of the upbringing and socialization of children and youth, history of pedagogy, comparative pedagogy, problems of managing educational institutions and strategies for their development. The modernity of the solution of the indicated problems is determined by the completeness of the account of the conditions in which people find themselves today: the globalized world, technological challenges, expansion of the media space and its impact on human consciousness, a crisis of values, problems of intercultural communication, and the like. The study of these complex problems requires a new methodology of pedagogical research at the level of multi- and interdisciplinarity. The development of such a methodology is an urgent need for modern pedagogical science and practice.
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