Refine Search

New Search

Advanced search

Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

-
84,924 articles
Page of 8,493
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Anna M. Savolainen, Anna Karmi, Heidi Immonen, Minna Soinio, Virva Saunavaara, Tam Pham, Paulina Salminen, Mika Helmiö, Jari Ovaska, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, et al.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Volume 51, pp 278-287; doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000001778

Abstract:Bariatric surgery is considered as an effective therapeutic strategy for weight loss in severe obesity. Remission of type 2 diabetes is often achieved after the surgery. We investigated whether increase in self-reported habitual physical activity associates with improved skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity and reduction of fat depots after bariatric surgery. We assessed self-reported habitual physical activity using Baecke questionnaire in 18 diabetic and 28 nondiabetic patients with morbid obesity (median age, 46 yr; body mass index, 42.0 kg·m−2) before and 6 months after bariatric surgery operation. Insulin-stimulated femoral muscle glucose uptake was measured using fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography method during hyperinsulinemia. In addition, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat masses were quantified using magnetic resonance imaging and liver fat content using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Also, serum proinflammatory cytokines were measured. Patients lost on average 22.9% of weight during the follow-up period of 6 months (P < 0.001). Self-reported habitual physical activity level increased (P = 0.017). Improvement in skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity was observed only in those patients who reported increase in their physical activity postoperatively (P = 0.018). The increase in self-reported physical activity associated with the loss of visceral fat mass (P = 0.029). Postoperative self-reported physical activity correlated also positively with postoperative hepatic insulin clearance (P = 0.02) and tended to correlate negatively with liver fat content (P = 0.076). Postoperative self-reported physical activity also correlated negatively with serum TNFα, methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein and interleukin 6 levels. Self-reported physical activity is associated with reversal of skeletal muscle insulin resistance after bariatric surgery as well as with the loss of visceral fat content and improved postoperative metabolism in bariatric surgery patients. Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00793143 (SLEEVEPASS), NCT01373892 (SLEEVEPET2).
Amy A. Kirkham, Kelcey A. Bland, David S. Zucker, Joshua Bovard, Tamara Shenkier, Donald C. McKenzie, Margot K. Davis, Karen A. Gelmon, Kristin L. Campbell
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002151

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Shuen Yee Lee, Stephen F. Burns, Kenneth K.C. Ng, David J. Stensel, Liang Zhong, Frankie H.Y. Tan, Kar Ling Chia, Kai Deng Fam, Margaret M.C. Yap, Kwee Poo Yeo, et al.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002150

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Kent W. Crossley, Doran A. Porter, Joshua Ellsworth, Tabitha Caldwell, J. Brent Feland, Ulrike Mitchell, A. Wayne Johnson, Dennis Egget, Jayson R. Gifford
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002156

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Michael J. Macartney, Robert D. Meade, Sean R. Notley, Christophe L. Herry, Andrew J.E. Seely, Glen P. Kenny
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002136

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Anna S. Scheer, Louise H. Naylor, Seng K. Gan, Jonathon Charlesworth, Nat Benjanuvatra, Daniel J. Green, Andrew J. Maiorana
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002133

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
James W Smallcombe, Laura A Barrett, Lauren B Sherar, Matthew J Sedgwick, Tommy Slater, Keith Tolfrey
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002121

Martino V Franchi, Daniel P Fitze, Brent J Raiteri, Daniel Hahn, Jörg Spörri
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002123

Jeroen Van Cutsem, Bart Roelands, Bert Pluym, Bruno Tassigno, Jo Verschueren, Kevin De Pauw, Romain Meeusen
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002122

Matteo Bonato, Filippo Turrini, Valentina De Zan, Andrea Meloni, Marta Plebani, Elena Brambilla, Alessandra Giordani, Chiara Vitobello, Roberta Caccia, Maria Francesca Piacentini, et al.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000002125

Page of 8,493
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all