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Journal Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi

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Andri Maulidi, Mohamad Jakaria, Nurul Fitriyana, Muhammad Rizki
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.10072

Abstract:A large number of forests at Munggu Village, Ngabang District, Landak Regency have been converted into oil palm and rubber plantations. As consequences, natural habitats in the region have been fragmented and species diversity, including herpetofauna, has been decreased. This study aimed to assess herpetofauna diversity in four different habitats in Munggu Village: (1) forests, (2) Landak river, (3) tourist areas, and (4) rubber plantations. Data collection used Visual Encounter Survey (VES) for 8 days.[u1] The results showed that the total of 24 herpetofauna species: 15 amphibians’ species (4 families) and 9 reptiles species (6 families) have been recorded from the four sampled areas. Of the four locations 11 species were found in river habitat in the forest, 4 species in the location of Landak river, 8 species in tourism sites and 9 species in rubber plantations. The Shannon-Wiener (H') diversity index in all four habitats was classified as moderate. In the river location in the forest, H' was 2.14, in the Landak river it was 1.28, in the tourism sites it was 1.71 and in the rubber plantation it was 1.87. However, the evenness index (E) for the herpetofauna community in all four locations was >0.80. Habitat loss and habitat destruction are among the causes of decline in amphibian and reptile populations. Knowing the diversity of herpetofauna, it is hoped that the community and stakeholders can collaborate to secure the herpetofauna in Munggu Village.
Hery Fajeriadi, Dharmono Dharmono
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.7647

Abstract:Indonesia as the largest archipelago country in the world has a vast coastline. Various types of ecosystems are scattered on the coast, one of which is coastal forest. One of the functions of coastal forests is as a habitat for flora, including rattan siit (Daemonorops melanochaetes, Blume.). Siit rattan has a fairly stable commercial value on the market. Its strong structure makes it attractive, not only nationally, even internationally. This study aims to determine the population structure of siit rattan in the coastal forest of Tabanio Village, Takisung District, Tanah Laut Regency. Data collection was done with total roaming techniques, namely along the coastal forest with a width of 50 m and a length of one thousand m to the south. The results of the study were analyzed descriptively. The age of siit rattan (Daemonorops melanochaetes, Blume.) includes a wide base pyramid, without any stopping or decaying of growth in the pre-reproductive and reproductive phases. Natality rattan siit went well, and almost did not experience mortality because the coastal forest of Tabanio Village was guarded by custom by the local community. Environmental factors that inhibit the reproductive rate of siit rattan are air temperatures that were too high from the optimal temperature of siit rattan breeding.
Isna Mustafiatul Ummah, I Wayan Swarautama Mahardhika, Budi Setiadi Daryono
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.9993

Abstract:On the recent classification of native Indonesian chicken, there are 31 breeds of chicken. Highly circulated chicken breed in Indonesia is fast-growing broiler that includes several strains such as Cobb 500, Hubbard, Hybro, Isa Hyline, and Hisex. Fast-growing broiler chickens have rapid growth, with excessive fat deposition on chicken carcass which implicates a health problem and unfavorable meat quality. Gama Ayam Research Team conducted selective breeding which produces two new chicken breed Kamper and Kambro. Further selective breeding then crossbred female F1 Kamper and male BC1 (backcross I) Kambro. In this research morphological traits, productive performance and genotyping of PPAR gene related to fat deposition gene and blood lipid content in Gama Ayam were identified. Based on data analysis hybrid chickens morphological traits it concluded that Gama Ayam has a significant variation based on feather color. The productive performance was determined with the feed-conversion ratio (FCR) value which was 3.17. Genotyping of PPAR gene resulted in four polymorphisms that formed 14 haplotypes groups. Based on blood lipid content analysis of cholesterol content, triglycerides content, HDL and LDL, Gama Ayam have significantly lower content of cholesterol (107.05 mg/dl), LDL (44.71 mg/dl) and triglycerides (22.41 mg/dl). PPAR gene polymorphisms are not correlated with blood lipid content in Gama Ayam. A significantly strong correlation between PPAR gene polymorphism on the bodyweight of Gama Ayam at 49-days-old. Triglyceride level, cholesterol level and LDL level in Gama Ayam were lower than broiler chicken. Further research with a larger population size and sex classification of hybrid chicken must be conducted to validate the results.
Donan Satria Yudha, Wulan Rahmani Akmal, Rury Eprilurahman
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.10174

Abstract:The research about frogs and toads diversity in the Code River, Province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) had been done in 2012 (Yudha et al, 2013). Now, after five years passed, we conduct monitoring activities to updating its diversity and distribution. After five years, we consider that there are many changes along the river that influenced habitat condition for frogs and toads which live along and near the river. Some of the changes are unused land became human settlement or paddy fields and waste land. The purpose of this research is to monitor the diversity of frogs and toads after five years along Code River. The method used was line transect combine with visual encounter surveys (VES) and river bank cruising. Results show that the species number of frogs and toads found in 2012 were slightly higher compare to 2017. The frogs and toads on upstream part were diverse in 2017 compare to 2012 due to natural restoration of riparian vegetation occur on upstream. The frogs and toads on midstream part were less diverse in 2017 compare to 2012 due to increasing human activities near the river and less riparian vegetation. The frogs and toads on downstream part were also less diverse in 2017 compare to 2012 due to increasing human activities near the river and more household waste stuck on riparian vegetation. There was variation of anurans diversity after five years due to changing on physical condition of the river and human activities near the river.
Yohanes Bare, Dewi Ratih Tirto Sari, Yoga Tribakti Rachmad, Gabriella Candrakirana Krisnamurti, Agustina Elizabeth
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.9847

Abstract:Inflammation was signs of pathological or abnormality in tissue to give an alert as a trouble signal to the system. Therapeutic using NSAIDs has some side effects. This research explored the potential role of chlorogenic acid as natural therapeutic compound to inhibit the inflammation target such as COX-2 by interaction model. The research method used in this study was the molecular docking approach, which binds ligand and protein. Protein data provided by Protein Data Bank (ID: 6cox) while, chlorogenic acid obtain from PubChem (CID: 1794427). We docked COX-2 and chlorogenic acid using Hex 8.0.0. Visualization and analysis of the molecular interactions of chlorogenic acid and COX-2 conducted by the Discovery Studio Client 4.1 software. Chlorogenic acid has a high permeability and is easily absorbed based on five Lipinski Rule. Interestingly, we found Fifteen amino acid was binding with chlorogenic acid that formed by hydrogen bond and van der Waals.The interaction between ligand-protein results in energy binding -327.59cal/mol. Chlorogenic acid has a potential role to inhibit inflammation pathway by inhibiting COX-2. We predicted chlorogenic acid has a potential as therapy anti-inflammatory to suppress COX-2 as mediator inflammation.
Hasan Basri, Meilinda Pahriana Sulastri
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.9315

Abstract:Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) is one of the livestock sectors that is efficient in providing nutrition, both from eggs and meat. This study aims to examine the effect of provision of standard organic feed and organic feed containing cassava leaves, turmeric powder and ginger on increasing the percentage of carcasses and internal organs Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). This study used an experimental method with a completely randomized design pattern. The test animals used were 30 females Japanese quail which were divided into 3 groups, i.e. P0: control (given commercial feed); P1: given standard organic feed (corn, soybeans, bran and fish meal); P2: given organic feed (corn, soybeans, bran, fish meal, cassava leaves, turmeric and ginger powder). Each group was treated with 5 replications. Data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with Duncan test with a confidence of 95% (P>0.05). The results showed that the provision of organic feed could not increase the percentage of carcass, heart and liver, but could increase the percentage of Japanese quail gizzard (Coturnix coturnix japonica).
Efry Roziaty, Putri Agustina, Siti Naily Rohmah
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.6336

Abstract:The concept of epiphytic plants is a critical plant that determines the processes that occur in ecosystems. Epiphytic plants especially Bryophytes or commonly moss is one of primary productivity. This study aims to record any epiphytic moss in their natural habitat in the Jumog Waterfall Forest Ngargoyoso in Karanganyar Tawangmangu Central Java. The method used in this study was purposive sampling, this method using exploration techniques. Field data observed were epiphytic plants from the Bryophyte groups (moss plants). The results showed that there were five moss colonies namely Bryum billardieri, Octoblepharum albidum, Leucobryum aduncum, Heteroscyphus coalitus and Pogonatum neesii, in 3 different zones of phorophytes, name zone I, II and III.
Putu Ayu Damayanti, Budi Setiadi Daryono, I Wayan Swarautama Mahardhika
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.9493

Abstract:GK-Bro (Gallus gallus Linnaeus, 1758) is a hybrid chicken from crossing between ♀ F2 Broiler ♂ F2 Golden Kamper that have variation of phenotypic character. To meet the market’s demand, GK-Bro must have prime phenotypic character in both quantity and quality. This research aims to examine the phenotype character that occur in GK-Bro by the character of feet morphometry, crest’s shape, feather’s color, and feet’s color. The parental chicken are crossed in Innovation and Agriculture Centre of Gadjah Mada University (Indonesia) and produce 11 chickens with five males and six females filial. The filial are maintained intensively and qualitative data were observed at the end of seven weeks, classified based on the percentage of the phenotypic class. Quantitative characters that observed were tibia and femur length after seven weeks, using control pelung, broiler, and F1 broiler. Quantitative data showed that the average length of the tibia and femur of GK-Bro is lower when compared to the control but the ratio of feet morphometry is closer to pelung. Qualitative data classified crest form in one class, feather’s color in 4 classes and feet’s color in 3 class.
Eva Septiyana, Sri Darmanti, Nintya Setiari
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.10146

Abstract:Red okra fruit has high nutritional value and fiber but still has low production. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) consists of sodium and glutamic acid. In plants, sodium can role of replacing potassium, stomata physiology, and chlorophyll biosynthesis. Glutamate as the nitrogen donor in primer metabolism and gibberellic acid precursor. The assumption that MSG in plants has a positive impact. This research aimed to examine the effect of MSG and the optimum dosage for enhances of growth and production. This research was conducted with Completely Randomized Designs (CRD) with one factor, is the MSG dosage (0, 3, 6, and 9 g). Quantitative data were analyzed using analysis of variant (ANOVA) dan Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at a 95% confidence level. The result shows that the MSG treatment enhances the growth of the okra based on parameters of plant’s height, fresh weight of plant, dry weight of plant and the width of the leaf and enhances the production of the okra based on the flowering time, the number of the flower, the number of the fruit, the percentage of flower becoming fruit, the weight of fruit, width of fruit, and the diameter of the fruit. The optimal dosage of MSG for okra production and growth is 3 g/plant.
Dion Satrio Pambudi, Agus Nuryanto, Romanus Edy Prabowo
Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, Volume 7; doi:10.24252/bio.v7i2.10205

Abstract:Labridae is a large and diverse fish family. Many species under Labridae inhabits Indonesian coral reefs. However, limited scientific data are available on ornamental fish diversity in Labridae from the South Coast of West Java. The purpose of the research is to give information about species diversity and phylogenetic relationships among species of Labridae fish family in the South Coast of West Java. This research will be conducted using a survey method with a purposive sampling technique. The observed parameters include morphometric and meristic characters and evolutionary relationships among species within Labridae family species collected from the South Coast of Sukabumi and Garut, West Java. Morphological data will be analyzed descriptively based on morphometric and meristic data. Species-level identification performed by referring to the available identification guide book. Phylogenetic relationships will be analyzed statistically using cladistics method as implemented in PAUP 4.0 applying maximum parsimony algorithm. The cladogram has a consistency index of 0.563, indicating low homoplasy and proved that the tree was the most parsimonious. Labridae formed monophyletic clade compared to Acanthurus maculiceps, and Cheilio inermis was basal species while the others derived species.
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