Journal Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya-
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 177-184; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p177-184.2019
Abstract:In the election, the conflict will always exist. Whether it is a conflict between the election participants, between the participants and the election organizers or among the election organizers itself. The purpose of this research is to analyze the contribution of the Election Conflict Regulation on handling the election conflict in Sijunjung Regency and to analyze the response of the conflicting parties to the usage of the Election Conflict Regulation in Sijunjung District. This research used a qualitative approach with a case study plan. To see this problem, the researcher used Ralf Dahrendorf's Conflict Theory of Regulation which explains that conflict regulation can affect the high and low escalation of conflicts that occurred. The results showed that in the resolution of conflicts that had occurred both in the 2015 Regional Heads Election conflict or the conflict during the preparation of the 2019 General Election, researcher found that the General Election Conflict Regulation played a role / contributed in resolving the conflicts, where the conflicts could be controlled and resolved properly without any increase in violence. This was proven by the conflicting parties that accepted the decision given by the authorities in its settlement plus there were no other conflicting actors involved in the conflict.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 236-244; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p236-244.2019
Abstract:The similarity of identity such as religion and ethnicity as a primordial aspect becomes a preference in choosing a leader not based on their capability. In the election of the Governor of North Sumatra in 2018, identity politics tended to strengthen in Muslim voters, especially in terms of religion, indigenous issues and natives. This practics of identity politics resulted in a victory for the couple Edy Rahmayadi-Musa Rajeckshah (Islam-Islam). The main question in this study is why identity politics is still relevant to be used by Muslim voters in the Election of Governor of North Sumatra in 2018. The study was conducted with a qualitative descriptive method, in which all data were collected through library studies and internet searching. This study concludes that Muslim voters see identity politics still relevant to use in choosing leaders because they consider Muslims have to be led by leaders who care about Islam. This understanding emerged from previous experiences in DKI Jakarta, namely the Al Maidah 51 incident by Ahok and discriminatory practices against Muslims when led by the non-Muslims and the Muslims who did not care about Islam in various regions in Indonesia
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 218-226; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p218-226.2019
Abstract:Media literacy in the digital era has become important. Various layers of society need to understand the importance of digital media literacy. Research subjects were housewives in the Sleman area of Yogyakarta. Research subjects so far have not understood how to intelligently consume media. Media content worries that most of them are negative which can anesthetize the audience. The biggest content from media is entertainment. The media prioritizes entertainment programs that pay less attention to the ethics and norms of society. They don't care about the negative impact of the content displayed. Thus it is necessary to cultivate the media literacy movement for housewives. The method used is content analysis, literature study, in-depth interviews, observation, and FGD. The results of the study show that housewives after being given training, socialization, and FGD on digital media literacy became aware of the importance of digital media literacy. Then they continuously convey to the family and the environment where they are. On several occasions, PKK meetings, the Qur’an recitation group, socialized the importance of digital media literacy. Finally, this digital media literacy becomes a culture especially in Maguwoharjo Village, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta. This village is a pilot village of digital media literacy culture for the surrounding environment, especially the Sleman Regency Yogyakarta.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 254-261; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p254-261.2019
Abstract:The cultural shock will be increasingly visible if the newcomer has a cultural origin that is far different from the new culture he is attending. This study aims to see how the phenomenon of culture shock that occurs in French citizens who work in Jakarta. The concept used as a knife of analysis in this study is the concept of Cultural Communication and Cultural Concentration, which includes stages, phases, and forms of Cultural Concussion. The method of this research is using descriptive qualitative with the main data collection obtained from the results of interviews with three French citizens who work in Jakarta. The results showed that the three French citizens experienced a cultural shock in the form of language, food, weather, attitude, order. The cultural shock reactions experienced by them are feeling confused, stressed, homesick, physically ill, and always compare everything with their home country. The stages of cultural shock experienced by French citizens, namely the phase of excitement, the phase of disappointment, the initial phase of resolution and the phase function effectively.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 227-235; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p227-235.2019
Abstract:Poverty is one of the social problems that the government can never completely solve. As a result, other, more significant social issues arise and cause social vulnerability, such as conflict and crime. As a province that is experiencing rapid growth in the last ten years, the West Sumatra find difficulty to overcome the number of poor people in several districts and cities. The research outcomes are the models and forms of social policy made by West Sumatra regencies and cities governments in improving the welfare of poor communities. It is also covering the constraints or obstacles to the implementation of social policy and the selection of welfare state models for the poor in some districts and municipalities of West Sumatra. This research is conducted qualitatively with a sociological approach that uses social perspective on searching and explaining social facts that happened to needy groups. Based on research conducted that the social policy model adopted by the government in responding to social problems in the districts and cities of West Sumatra reflects the welfare state model given to the poor. There is a strong relationship between the welfare state model and the form of social policy made by the government.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 245-253; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p245-253.2019
Abstract:The research location is in Bungin Village, Pantai Bakti Village, where the issue is related to the conditions of coastal areas and brings up the program initiation. The research method was carried out with qualitative methods through in-depth interviews and participant observant. This thesis shows that in responding to the initiating improvements program in coastal areas, coastal communities are often faced with the social dynamics of the community itself. The response gap of the actors is influenced by social relations namely, 1) relations based on patron-client, 2) relations based on blood relations, and 3) relations based on emotional relationships, and two economic motives, namely 1) economic motives based on personal gain, and 2) economic motives which are based on basic needs. This thesis also enriches the study of the response of the fishing community through the approach of actor and network analysis. This approach is more relevant in looking at the response to the initiation of improving coastal areas through forms of actions, relationships, roles and motives of actors who are part of coastal communities.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 150-158; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p150-158.2019
Abstract:This article is the result of research on how Hindus and Muslims in Tabuan hill, Karangasem could live side by side in harmony. They showed it by becoming pengempon at Bhur Bwah Swah temple. Unlike in general, Muslims also take part in concurrently as pengempon. They actively maintain and carry out the ceremony every six months. The strong will of Muslims to be involved cannot be separated from their historical awareness of the past when they were welcomed and placed in Islamic villages by the king of Karangasem Kingdom. Furthermore, rites are a tool for them to re-dialogue past history to fulfill their needs. It is further used as guides of both religious people to maintain social solidarity. Symbolically, Muslims feel to be an inseparable part of the lives of Hindus since there is a santren in Bhur Bwah Swah temple. It is a sort of place where they perform prayers and celebrate saparan day every year. This research was conducted with a qualitative approach through an interview, observation, and document study techniques and utilize practice theory, precisely concerning the habitus developed by Pierre Bourdieu.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 142-149; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p142-149.2019
Abstract:This article based on research that tries to trace cancer patients who do not want to go to the hospital. Often we hear cancer patients come to the hospital when the condition of the disease is already at an advanced stage. So it's too late to handle. According to data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, if cancer is treated early it can prevent more than 30 percent death. This study aims to determine the problem of cancer patients' reluctance to go to the hospital in terms of socio-cultural aspects. The method used in this research is a qualitative method. Data collected by observation and in-depth interview techniques. The results showed that the reluctance of cancer patients to go to the hospital was influenced by socio-cultural aspects so it was crucial to determine the choice of treatment for cancer patients. The socio-cultural aspects are cultural knowledge about cancer, belief in traditional medicine, and the influence of relatives and other social environments such as friends and neighbors in health care choices. Relatives, neighbors, and friends recommend traditional treatment. However, with traditional medicine, there are no informants who have recovered from their illnesses. There is actually a disease that is getting worse.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 168-176; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p168-176.2019
Abstract:This research focused on the urgency of teachers’ communication competence in inculcating multicultural values at elementary schools, in this case, the inclusive elementary school of Trirenggo, Yogyakarta. Communication skills are an essential competency for teachers as stated in the Regulation of the Minister of Education No. 16 of 2007 dated May 4th, 2007. Teachers, as communicators, are the main factor in establishing effective communication in the learning process. In this case, a teacher with excellent communication skills would substantially determine a school’s success in the implementation of multicultural values. In order to analyze the subject, this study used a qualitative method, and the data were collected from three respondents from the inclusive elementary school of Trirenggo, Yogyakarta. The results indicated that teachers’ communication competency which consisted of three aspects, i.e. motivation, knowledge, and skills, was urgently required in order to achieve teaching goals. A competent teacher would significantly be able to establish a positive atmosphere and influence among students, thus, enable them to effectively inculcate the designated values. At this school, the multicultural values were integrated into teaching subjects, students’ assessment, specified learning methods, character development, and regular group activities.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 132-141; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p132-141.2019
Abstract:HIV epidemic in Indonesia has been last for three decades and the members of the community have participated in the prevention and intervention. Warga Peduli AIDS (WPA) is an action by a group of local residents in Bandung City who concerned about HIV and AIDS. This action has been one of examples of community participation in responding to the epidemic. The action includes participation in meetings held by NGOs and city government to discuss prevention at the community level, dissemination of information about epidemic preventions; and providing social support for people living with HIV and AIDS. This study aims at describing motives that drive the WPA activist (better known as WPA Kader) to carry out an action, and how they view the meaning of their action. This study was conducted in a qualitative approach using an ethnographic model. This study finds that WPA Kader derived their motive of action from religious and cultural values, and their action is a combination of altruism and self-interest to pursue their personal spiritual satisfaction. In line with this motive, they view their action as part of their religious and cultural expression; instead of merely a community-based action to respond to a timely health issue.