Journal Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya-
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 121-131; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p121-131.2019
Abstract:This study analyzes about Surabaya Wotagei Community whose uniqueness is different compared to other communities in Indonesia. Surabaya Wotagei Community emerged not only due to the same preference of the members but also by its uniqueness that is rarely encountered. This study uses qualitative-descriptive method through fandom and youth subculture approaches that emerged in the community. This study shows that Surabaya Wotagei Community is part of the subcultures because they exist as a community that is anti-mainstream but also stays neutral, as in not trying to fight or oppose something. Surabaya Wotagei Community offers a form of fandom with its own unique characteristics, where its members have other ways to provide support for AKB48 or JKT48 without being obsessive and possessive. On the other hand, as a community, Surabaya Wotagei Community is indeed formed by the popular youth culture which makes this community fluid and is well-known by many circles.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 103-110; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p103-110.2019
Abstract:The conflagration continuously occurs with a different trend each year. Indonesian is especially an area that takes the root of peat moss labeled as the exporter of the smoke to the neighbor states and all at once it is not able to solve the conflagration completely because of various reasons. More or less 2 million hectares of the peat moss land has degradation and needs the recovery effort to be the job desk of the government to implement the restoration effort as soon as possible. Not only needing very big budget, that becoming the note is the society truly needs to support the activity to work well. The goal of this research is namely: 1). identifying the factor of the forest and the land conflagration cause and its impact, 2) analyzing the restoration efforts of post conflagration disaster of the forest and the land. And the location of the research is in Lukun Village of Tebing Tinggi Timur Regency of Kepulauan Meranti Subdistrict. This research uses the qualitative descriptive approach. The causing factor of the conflagration disaster of the forest and the land is namely the natural condition and the human activity. The impact that is caused by the conflagration disaster of the forest and the land can be divided to be: the impact against the peat moss ecosystem and the impact against the society’s social economy. The effort that is implemented in the recovery of post conflagration disaster of the forest and the land is the ecosystem restoration and the revitalization of human’s economy.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 111-120; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p111-120.2019
Abstract:Commodification practice always deals with 3 parties, which our society, government, and private institution. Considered as cultural preservation, Tebing Breksi becomes an object of commodification in Sambirejo Prambanan since 2014. Its commodification arises several conflicts among its stakeholders due to each stakeholder has their own importance and interest. Compared to other commodification practices, bottom-up tourism management is applied that making the commodification of Tebing Breksi differs to others. This research is remarkable dealing with its findings that differenciate the commodification practice between society and government or private institution. This research aims to find the implication of commodification for tourism field using bottom-up tourism management. Whereas, the main purpose of this research is to describe the negotiation between stakeholders of commodification in Tebing Breksi. The method of this research is ethnography by applying in-depth reporting. The findings of this research prove that negotiation between stakeholders of commodification is the impact of a different way of thinking as well as the group’s interest in each stakeholder. Nevertheless, the changes happen among society in Tebing Breksi confirmed Tebing Breksi as an alternative tourism attraction in Prambanan.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 93-101; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p93-101.2019
Abstract:Displacement due to the construction of the Koto Panjang dam has an impact on household welfare. The displaced households experienced a very poor economic condition at the beginning of the displacement period. This study seeks answers to two questions: how the current welfare of the households is and how the relationship between welfare and income inequality of those households is. The study was conducted on 12 villages which are the locations of involuntary resettlement programs with a total sample of 360 households. The study used Gini index to measure income inequality and Subjective Welfare Indicator to compare household welfare. The results showed that in general, the average household income in Koto Panjang was higher than the Provincial Minimum Wage, but it was not evenly distributed in all villages. The result also showed a negative relationship between welfare and income inequality, but it cannot be used for further analysis because the correlation value is very low.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 73-80; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p73-80.2019
Abstract:The concept of the clear and clean permit has been implemented since 2011 by the Indonesia government to produce sustainable mining practices. This concept is applied by the government due to the occurrence of conflicts in Indonesia. This article presents the results of research findings concerning the influence of clear and clean permits to social practices of mining. The study used structuration theory and using qualitative research method what has been studied is the use of government regulations by mining companies, related government agencies, and local communities to legitimize and understands their actions. A case PT. Tripabara operating in Nagari Lunang Utara has been studied. This article would like to show that although the company has obtained a clear and clean license, sustainable mining practices are not carried out. The article discussed the causes of unsustainable mining practices by PT. Tripabara. Two things will be revealed: the first is status of clear and clear permits obtained by the company is used by the company officials to claim that their mining practice is sustainable, while the community based their understanding of the company behavior on the company’s actions to tackle environmental problems and conflict of land acquisition.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 39-47; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p39-47.2019
Abstract:System of Legowo row planting technology is innovation in agriculture which is highly recommended by the government in an effort to increase rice production in Indonesia. To accelerate the adoption of these technologies, it is necessary to prepare the right communication strategy. This study aims to determine the communication strategy of the Jajar Legowo planting program to the rice farming community in Padang City. This type of research is qualitative. Research data is obtained through in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and documentation. The data is processed by Miles and Huberman's interactive analysis model and the validity of the data by triangulation. The results showed that the communication strategy of legowo planting program was: (1) getting to know the target audience, namely rice farmers; (2) compile messages, in the form of benefits and procedures for implementing the program; (3) establish methods, in the form of: persuasion, educative, informative, and redundancy methods, (4) media use, in the form of discussions, lectures, brochures, leaflets, and banners. In addition, people's habits such as gathering and sitting in the store can be used as a place to introduce new technology. .
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 29-37; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p29-37.2019
Abstract:The culture was always close to the society and it became their habits in daily life. It would either consciously or unconsciously be derived from their next generations. That was why every community would always have their own culture. West Papua was an example of the Eastern part of Indonesia that was resided by various ethnics groups. In this concern, it would extremely lead to the acculturation of their culture in many aspects. This research aimed to describe the forms of acculturations happened in West Papua between local people and the immigrants and describe how it influenced society. This research was an ethnography research that would be described qualitatively. The study shows that the social diversity in West Papua became a gap for acculturation to their culture. The forms of acculturations were a substitution, syncretism, addition, origination, deculturation, and denial. The cultural acculturations made the society in West Papua could live side by side and they still carried out their respective cultures.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 1-9; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p1-9.2019
Abstract:Surakarta has a multiethnic and multicultural society. There have been long conflicts that led to forms of discrimination and violence against ethnic Chinese in Surakarta. This conflict resulted in deep trauma for the Surakarta society. Conflict reconciliation is needed so that there is no gap between the society. One of the efforts made is to carry out social interactions. The purpose of this study was to create a scheme of forms of social interaction spread across several fields. This article was prepared using a library study method where the data obtained came from various books, journals, and theses. The results show that the interaction of Chinese and Javanese in Surakarta can be made into a scheme grouped in 8 fields, such as language, education, economics, religion, community activities, arts, marriage, and culture
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 11-21; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p11-21.2019
Abstract:Indonesia is predicted to enter the era of bonus demography which is an interesting issue now. This is related to the increasing productive and non-productive population. This phenomenon can benefit the population, both productive and non-productive residents who get less attention, especially economic dependence on nonproductive groups such as the elderly. Elderly are often said to be a burden on society, especially for women who are often associated with domestic work. This study raises the economic independence of elderly women. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach on elderly women in Demuk village, Pucanglaban sub-district, Tulungagung district. Data collection uses participatory observation techniques and in-depth interviews. The results of the study show that elderly women can meet the economic needs of their own family or household. They work in the domestic and public domains such as farmers, laborers, traders, and breeders. Thus elderly women are not burdens, but they become economic support for the family or household.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 81-91; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n1.p81-91.2019
Abstract:In Pekanbaru City, more and more female street children are found. They used to roam the crossroads, at the "red light" intersection, on pedestrian bridges, in the shops, and in shopping centers. To anticipate the existence of female street children in Pekanbaru City, the Pekanbaru Social Service as an agency that has authority in handling female street children, has recruited these female street children and returned them to their home areas and to their parents' homes. However, the existence of female street children in the city of Pekanbaru remains a daily sight and in fact, some of them are old faces that have been repatriated. The research objective was first, to identify the social and cultural characteristics of female street children in Pekanbaru City. Second, comprehensively analyze the factors that cause girls to move on the streets. The research method is quantitative descriptive. The population in this study were all female street children in Pekanbaru. From this population, a list of all female street children will be created. From the number, the sample will be taken by simple random sampling. The results of the study showed that out of 115 street children the respondents were aged 4 to 18 years and the most aged between 12 and 14 years (45.22%). Seeing the age of street children who have school age, it turns out that 69.57 percent are not in school. While those who were still in school the education level (74.26%) had elementary school education and (25.74%) were in junior high school. The dominant reason done by street children originating from within themselves is on their own desires and that desire arises because of the economic conditions of the family. It seems that the reasons they put forward on their own are (59.13%) with the aim of helping parents (37.39 %) helps school fees 23.48 percent to find food (21.74%).