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Tri Ismu Pujiyanto, Helkim Sarino Laode Manika, Rita Dewi
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 28-35;

Background: Professional Nursing Practice Model Training (Model Praktik Keperawatan Profesional; MPKP) is one of the efforts to improve the quality of service in hospitals in nursing services to minimize errors or omissions that can occur. The training carried out is expected to be able to improve the implementation of pillar IV NCDS in hospitals. Aims: This study aimed to determine the effect of MPKP training with the application of pillar IV NCDS at the General Hospital of the Evangelical Masehi Church Bolaang Mongondow Monompia Kotamobagu. Methods: This research is a quantitative research type with a pre-experimental research design one group pre-test post-test design. This research was conducted in August 2022 as many as 52 nurse respondents working at the Monompia GMIBM Hospital Kotamobagu. Results: From the survey, it shows that the intervention will increase the number of nurses implementing the Pillar IV Nursing Care Delivery System (Pillar IV NCDs) including the assessment element (from 76.9% to 90.4%), nursing diagnosis (from 36.5% to 75.0%), planning (from 51.9% to 88.5%), action or measurement (from 84.6% and 92.3%), evaluation (from 46.2% to 90.4%), and nursing care notes (78.8% and 98.1%). There are differences in the implementation of pillar IV NCDS before and after being given MPKP training (p-value: <0.001). it is known that education level and the work experience of the nurses will significantly determine the success of the training, respectively with p value of <0.001 and 0.004. Conclusion: From the survey, we may note how the Professional Nursing Practice Model Training (MPKP) affecting the number of nursing implementing the Pillar IV NCDs. Data from the results can be used as recommendation to the hospitals’ human resources department in designing their program in order to increase the nurses’ competences.
Echa Effendy Siswanto Amir, Eko Winarto, Rita Dewi Sunarno, Shindi Hapsari
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 01-10;

Background: Turnover intention is the tendency of employees to leave the organization or resign voluntarily from their job. Several factors that might influence turnover intention are included job satisfaction, work environment, and compensation. Aims: This study aimed to determine the Path Analysis of the effect of job satisfaction, compensation, and work environment on the turnover intention of nurses at Kotamobagu Regional General Hospitals. Methods: A total of 34 nurses (total sampling method) contributed in this cross-sectional study. The model is presented with a single-directed arrow indicating cause and effect. The regression weights predicted by the model are compared with the correlation matrix from the observed data and then the goodness of fit is calculated. This study uses data analysis that is adapted to the research pattern and the variables studied. A causal model was employed, and to test the proposed hypothesis the SEM analytical technique (Structural Equation Modeling) was operated through the AMOS program. Results: From the statistical analysis, the study shows a significant relationship between job satisfaction and turnover intention (p-value = 0.011), and between the compensation and the turnover intention (p-value = 0.026). However, we found that there was no relationship between work environment and turnover intention among the nurses at Kotamobagu Regional General Hospitals (p-value = 0.935). Conclusion: This study concluded that there is a correlation between work satisfaction and compensation on turnover intention (direct factor), but there was no correlation between work environment on turnover intention (mediator). It is suggested a need to arrange regular evaluation in terms of job satisfaction and compensation to prevent turnover among the nurses.
Andrew John Macnab
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 44–46-44–46;

There are several different types of article that authors can submit for publication in a journal. The article types are intended to allow for original research, commentaries, and reviews that are relevant to the stated focus and scope of the journal to be presented to the readers in an interesting and informative manner. Some journals have a special interest in less common forms of communication, and so will accept submissions to other categories, such as interesting images, videos, case reports, or descriptions of teaching methods or learning points. Authors should read the instructions and their editorial policies for authors section on each journal’s website to identify the types of article the editorial team will consider, and then prepare their submission to comply with the description given for each type of article and specific instructions on how each should be formatted. This editorial describes three categories of article and their guidelines to be included in the Global Health Management Journal: Editorial, Commentary and Review. To provide more exposure of papers and works presented at international forums, seminars, and conferences, the journal creates specific guidelines to publish the selected papers from the meetings in Global Health Management Journals as a Special Edition.
Andrew John Macnab
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 47-53;

The current view is that the hold of the Covid-19 virus is now being altered from pandemic to endemic status with global cooperation. While vaccination remains a central component of the public health interventions required to achieve this, a range of innovative health promotion strategies are also needed in parallel if we are to ensure that the pandemic continues to wane further. Research and personal experience tell us that Covid-19 vaccines offer high protection against severe illness, aid the delivery of health care and save lives. However, WHO communiqués reiterate that vaccine hesitancy is a major threat to global health and that many countries still need to improve vaccination rates. It is also stated that in order to do this innovative strategies are needed to establish greater trust, improve communication and reduce misinformation. Consequently health care providers are being urged to build on lessons learned during the pandemic, find ways to build trust, counter residual vaccine hesitancy and promote other health related behaviors that are inclusive, allay fears and avoid scapegoating. Importantly, the strategies needed to increase willingness to be vaccinated and promote the health-related knowledge and behaviors necessary for the pandemic to continue to wane are now known to be highly country-specific, and regional differences in what approaches are required are also evident within counties. Consequently, as health care providers we need to develop innovative strategies and employ task shifting to the meet the specific needs of the individual populations we serve. This review summarizes ways to approach this challenge based the core principles advocated by WHO for promoting health literacy and changing behaviors; community empowerment, people-centered strategies, innovative education, novel and improved tools, training to respond to local needs, and the use of non-traditional avenues and outlets.
Juritno Harmi Gaib, Fery Mendrofa, Rita Dewi
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 36-43;

Background: Emotional intelligence and transformational leadership are two important factors for nurses to be able to motivate themselves and build intra relationships in hospitals, and may affect to the nurses’ performance. Aims: The purpose of the study was to determine how emotional intelligence and leadership affecting the nurses’ performance at the General Hospital of the Evangelical Masehi Church, Bolaang Mongondow Monompia, Kotamobagu, Indonesia Methods: This original research employed an analytic observational with a quantitative approach and a cross sectional study design. A set of questionnaires was distributed to the participated nurses to define the respondents’ characteristics, emotional intelligence (10 questions), leadership transformation (12 questions), and the nurses’ performances (8 questions). A total of 48 nurses were selected in August 2022 using a total sampling technique, and their answers were included to the further statistical analysis using PSS software version 15. Results: Not different with other hospitals, at the Regional General Hospital of Kotamobagu the majority of nurses was female, and relatively has worked for more than 5 years. It has been noted that the nurses were measured with sufficient emotional intelligence (43.8%), transformational leadership (54.1%), and performances (58.3%). However, the number of nurses having poor emotional intelligence and performance were relatively high, respectively at 12.4% and 14.6%. It is indicated that the nurses performance were significantly resulted by the two factors: Emotional intelligence (p-value: 0.025) and transformational leadership (p-value: 0.005). Conclusion: This study concludes that the emotional intelligence and transformational leadership are moderating variables to strengthen the nurses’ performance. This study noted that the higher number of nurses highly perform if having good emotional intelligence and good transformational leadership. Therefore, it is recommended to pay attention to the two strong indicators from this study if a hospital manager plans to improve the nurses’ performance.
Widya Astuti, Tri Ismu Pujiyanto, Susi Nurhayati
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 11-17;

Background: The quality of health services cannot be separated from the collaboration of all components of human resources, including nurses. Transformational leadership supported by supervision can also improve the prevention and control of infection risk in order to optimize their work performance. Supervision activities carried out by the head of the room might have a positive impact on nurse commitment. Aims: The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of supervision and transformational leadership style on nurse compliance in infection risk prevention and control at GMIBM (Gereja  Masehi Injili at Bolaang Mongondow) Monompia General Hospital, Kotamobagu, Indonesia. Methods: This original research used an analytic observational with a quantitative approach and a cross sectional study design. A total of 72 nurses who worked at GMIBM Monompia Kotamobagu General Hospital, Kotamobagu Regency, Indonesia, was selected in August 2022 using a total sampling technique based on the data from the human resources division. Two combined questionnaires were distributed to define the leader supervision (20 questions) and the nurses’ compliance and their transformational leadership styles (18 questions) for prevention and control the infection risks. The results of this study were analyzed using SPSS Software (univariate and bivariate parameters). Results: This study shows that a sufficient supervision frequency (59.7%) among the participated nurses. We identify there were four transformational leadership styles among the nurses at the selected hospital: Ideal influence (33.3%), Inspirational motivation (27.8%), Individual consideration (20.8%) and Intellectual stimulation (18.1%). Moreover, the majority of nurses performed good compliance in the preventing and controlling the infection risks (80.6%). The lack of compliance might be significantly resulted by the leader supervisions (p-value: 0.002). By the bivariate analysis, this study suggested that there is a relationship between transformational leadership style and compliance (p value: 0.001). We also noticed that the leader supervision and transformational leadership style are moderating variables to strengthen the nurse compliance (R Square = 0.336). Conclusion : This present study strongly suggested the hospital manager and head departments to pay attention to the two strong factors (Supervision and transformational leadership style) affecting the nurses compliance in updating and implementing the prevention and risk control programs.
Hilma Triana, Sulistyaningsih Sulistyaningsih, Jumpanata Jumpanata, Yogi Yamani
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 6, pp 18-27;

Background: The achievement parameter for maternal health services program is the access of pregnant health services, as indicated by measuring the coverage of antenatal care services. In Indonesia, examination of pregnant women according to antenatal standards is regulated by Ministry of Health Indonesia Number 21 of 2021, where pregnancy checks must fulfill the standard 10 T criteria.Aims: This study aimed to identify the Standard Operating Procedures of antenatal care in Gamping I Public Health Center, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, and determine its relation with pregnant women’s satisfaction during pregnancy examination. Methods: Of 70 TM III pregnant women, who routinely visit for antenatal care service at the Public Health Center Gamping I, a total of 40 pregnant women were selected using consecutive sampling with 10% margin of error. A set of questionnaires was distributed to the respondents to asses: (1) The implementation of the antenatal care service standard (20 questions, and weighted using a dichotomy scale) and (2) The pregnant women satisfaction (22 questions, and weighted using the Likert scale. The data obtained from respondents were then tabulated and processed using Microsoft Office Excel 2010 and then analyzed using the SPSS Statistics 16.0 program (Pearson Product Moment formula with an error rate of 5%). Results: There are 10 pregnancy tests (10T) received by the pregnant women at the health center including the measurement of Height, Weight, Blood pressure, upper arm circumference, Uterine fundus height, Presentation & Fetal heart rate, Provision of 90 Fe Tablets, Laboratory examinations, Case handling, TT Immunization Screening, and Counseling & mental health assessment. According to the findings of the research conducted by the researchers, antenatal examinations were not carried out in a comprehensive and thorough manner in instances. This article provides the women satisfaction to the antennal care on different dimensions of satisfaction including Physical Proof, Reliability, Responsiveness, Guarantee, and Empathy. Even though the analysis shows that the respondents was satisfied with the antennal care services; however, the relation is not statistically significant (p-value of 0.652). Conclusion : One's satisfaction is very difficult to measure and someone's satisfaction is different from the satisfaction of someone else. According to the findings of the study, every time a midwife performed an antenatal checkup, she had never provided complete 10T-based antenatal care. In addition, this research has been carried out through direct observation of prenatal care, where pregnant women and midwives' perceptions of antenatal care examinations do not differ.
Yeyentimalla Yeyentimalla, Sri Suryawati
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 132-137;

The story begins at the Galilee Foundation Drug Rehabilitation Center in Palangka Raya City in July 2018. We are a team that provides professional assistance to drug survivors at the Panti (in Indonesia, rehabilitation homes for drugs users are termed Panti). One of the four-drug survivors enrolled in our study was Jeremy, 19 years old. We were helping Jeremy to reconnect with his family. This activity was a part of the social reintegration activity of the drug rehabilitation program.
Yena Wineini Migang, Evan Kristianus Migang
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 149-152;

At the Toddler Posyandu or Posyandu Balita, the health workers and mothers and toddlers are possible to meet, and they may communicate together to monitor toddlers growth and development. This photo essay records our health service communication in monitoring toddler growth and development in the New Normal at Posyandu Hidup Baru Desa Kaong, Kecamatan Upau, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. The activities include counseling, height and weight checking for toddles, and immunization. The visits cannot be done virtually, since we must directly provide examination of nutritional status, immunization, counseling and others monitoring to the mothers and toddlers following the standard protocols, and not all mothers of toddlers have the measuring devices. Since the checking and monitoring have been done during the Covid 19 pandemic, posyandu must apply health protocols when communicating and providing health service to the mothers and toddlers. Thus, all participants presented at the posyandu will not get infected with covid 19, and the toddler growth and development can be monitored regularly.
Syam’Ani Syam’Ani
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 121-127;

Type 2 diabetes is one of the major public health problems in both developing and developed countries in the Asia Pacific region. It cannot be denied that the psychological impact of diabetes mellitus has been felt by sufferers since the doctor's diagnosis. Patients begin to experience psychological disorders including stress on themselves related to treatment and medication that must be undertaken. This photo essay pictures our effort in providng a progressive muscle relaxation to the diabetic patients as a therapy to reduce tension and anxiety. This technique focuses on the contraction and relaxation of the muscles of the body. the instructor demonstrate the steps of progressive muscle relaxation therapy to the participants. The results of this study indicate that after being given progressive muscle relaxation therapy, there was a decrease in the number of diabetics who experienced stress, where before the intervention, there were 25 people with moderate stress (92.6%) and 2 people with severe stress (7,4%), while after the intervention decreased to 9 people (33.3%) had no stress, and 18 people (66.7%) had moderate stress.
Merceditas O Ang
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 95-98;

All of us are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic that caused disruptions in education, healthcare, economy, and travels. Likewise, it is impacting the way we live, study, work, think, and interact. This perspectives provide how the education sector is affacted by the outbreak, and how the online learning has catapulted into the forefront due to the restriction of face-to-face classes. Communication is very important and vital during this pandemic. We need to communicate clearly, positively, and effectively. In the digital platform of teaching and learning, the teacher needs to be creative and innovative in communicating, to get the interest and attention of the students, thus, make the learning process more engaging and interactive. In this paper, the author writes the challenges for conducting online learning in the new normal that involving the three vital elements: Technology, Quality, and Sustainability.
Vinna Maulidha Yunianitamara, Erma Nurjanah Widiastuti, Cucu Rahayu, Agnescia Clarissa Sera
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 128-131;

Ester Inung Sylvia
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 116-120;

Summary: Patients with diabetes are vulnerable to infection and poor healing after injury. Wound care using the steps and techniques described can achieve healing over time. Post healing care instructions are an important part of successful treatment Photos of the wound healing process are a good way to document the effects of treatment and provide a record for the health care team. Such photos can also be used to encourage patients with new wounds to work hard to obey care instructions
Agnes Dewi Astuti
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 104-109;

This photo essay pictures my journey as temporary head of the family in creating good and conducive conditions for all family members during Covid-19 outbreak. Family emotional communication is important in building resilience and strength in dealing with how we live in one roof when one or two of the family members diagnosed with Covid-19. We suffered anxiety and depression during the home isolation. For that, I have to implement peaceful communication, with correct information and ensure that these conditions are things that must be lived together, so that openness is needed for all families about what they feel, what they think, what they want, and what is needed because a disease pandemic situation that affects people's psychology widely and massive, starting from the way of thinking in understanding information about health and illness, changes in emotions (fear, worry, anxiety) and social behavior (avoidance, stigmatization, healthy behavior). We also optimise the chatting application to communicate, and share our updates with the other loving family members and friends. The current condition has changed, after all family members are declared healthy and with a new order in society, we are jointly committed to sticking to health protocols at home, for example always wearing masks and face shields, always washing hands diligently, maintaining distance. all done with sincerity and joy, because it is a must so that all family members can stay healthy. All my family activities inside the house and outside the house, still pay attention to and apply health protocols. The past experience is a valuable experience for us as a family, so that we always pay attention to personal health, family and the environment around them. The family always maintains interpersonal communication, is mutually responsible for maintaining personal and family hygiene with a healthy lifestyle, and is open in communicating all problems that exist in the family. Through the ability to communicate emotions, families are expected to strengthen each other so that they can survive the covid-19 pandemic together.
Yeyentimalla Yeyentimalla, Agnescia Clarissa Sera
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 138-142;

This photo essay records a 5-hour health education session for the families of drug users in order to help them in establishing safe family conversations among the family members. After the discussion was over, the rundown included hospitality and dinner together. While enjoying the foods, the Panti residents joined the sharing session, and expressed their feelings missing their family and home. The residents want to connect hearts with their families. In the future, it is necessary to build a sustainable relationship for the success of the drug eradication program in our beloved country, Indonesia. Since the activity was held during the COVID-19 pandemic, the team also showed concern by providing masks to each participant.
Alfeus Manuntung, Agnes Dewi Astuti
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 110-115;

Diabetes Mellitus management requires 4 pillars, namely medical nutrition therapy, medicine, exercise and health education. One of the steps that nurses can take is to provide proper health education to patients in order to increase patient independence so that diabetes management is optimal. In Palangka Raya City, people with diabetes who come and seek treatment at the puskesmas increased quite sharply in the last 6 years, this is shown by increase in people with diabetes in the period 2006-2020. In 2020 happens a significant increase in the number of 7,615 cases of people with diabetes mellitus, this shows that health promotion has not been able to reduce the number of people with diabetes mellitus in the city of Palangka Raya. This happens because sufferers often ignore or are not aware of the dangers of DM for their lives. This photo essay captures our efforts in controlling and monitoring the healths of the DM patients including the examination of blood sugar, blood pressure and body weight. We highlight the important role of health educators in providing health services for the entire community in order to improve the health status of the community.
Yeyentimalla Yeyentimalla
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 92-94;

Improving digital communication skills is a necessity in the era of information technology, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, and after the pandemic has passed, this need remains. We have to adjust or we fall behind. In digital communication we must strengthen the skills of stringing words, that's the only effective way to share ideas and feelings. Humans are emotional creatures. We always feel first than we think about our feelings. The alignment of impulses in the brain reaches the limbic system first, we feel. Then the impulses are processed in the cerebri cortex, we become able to think about our feelings. It's important to be able to do emotional animation consciously. Emotional animation is an attempt to bring to life positively valued emotions such as pleasure, relief, compassion, empathy, gratitude, etc., and controlling negatively valued emotions such as anger, sadness, hate, disgust, etc. We need to improve communication skills to level four, which are safe and comfortable sharing feelings. The comfort of speaking to share feelings is the result of being created, not happening unconsciously. It’s important to be aware when speaking. The most visible technique that can be trained is confirmation. Confirmation is effective for careful linking with partners. This editorial provides examples communication through chatting application Whatsapp. What about the availability of emoticons and stickers in the WhatsApp platform? Can’t it be used to replace intonation and body language? It can indeed be used in the right situations so as to strengthen the words. However, overuse of emoticons and stickers makes messages less personal. We also become less than optimal in the way we are present and respond to the presence of others. Finally, the way we communicate is rooted in character, but character formation takes a long time. Being aware to do emotional animation in every conversation is a simple short-term solution in fixing communication problems. In digital communication, making optimal the ability to string words is the right choice.
Missesa Missesa
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 159-164;

Most of the inhabitants in Central Kalimantan live in a residential area which is located close to the watershed (DAS). The geography of the watershed is a challenge for affordable health services, particularly in mental health services. Patients with mental disorders who do not get health care services will have a high risk of experiencing recurrence due to withdrawal of medication. There are needs to be solved by various parties to overcome this problem. Mental healthcare delivery in this area is more likely to be effective and sustainable if supported by the secondary level of care in particular the local Health Department. This photo essay pictures our effort to revitalize a village for mental health in watershed area in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The concept of “Desa Siaga Sehat Jiwa” (Healthy Village) focuses on empowering communities and local health authorities to work together to improve mental health. A community-based mental health initiative has been conducted in cooperation with mental health nurses raising awareness of mental health. Nurse educators at the Health Polytechnic Palangka Raya have an important role to play in raising awareness of mental health in village communities. We delivered and facilitated a discussion session to revitalize the village in order to increase their awareness to mental health. For the collaboration, to the meeting, we invite the village local stakeholders including the community leaders, health providers from the Primary Health Care, soldiers, police, and community representatives. To sustainably continue the forming of “Desa Siaga Sehat Jiwa”, a mutual agreement was signed by the stakeholders as a commitment to work together to create a healthy community in improving mental health in the villages.
Yeyentimalla Yeyentimalla, Agnescia Clarissa Sera, Doni Marisi Sinaga
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 165-170;

Poltekkes Kemenkes Palangka Raya in collaboration with Indonesian Scholars’ Alliance and Global Health Management Journal (GHMJ) successfully held the first international seminar on November 9, 2020. The seminar which took place online in the midst of the raging Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic raised the theme “The New Normal: Creating A Pleasant Virtual Communication”. Five speaker from four countries namely Prof Andrew J. Macnab (Canada), Sr. Merceditas O. Ang, SPC (Philippines), Eva Berthy Tallutondok, M.Sc. (Taiwan), Dr. Yeyentimalla (Poltekkes Kemenkes Palangka Raya, Indonesia), and Prof. Sri Suryawati (Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia) synergizes to convey ideas on how to create fun virtual communication actors. During the pandemic, we do not communicate face-to face, but instead switch to communication using technological devices and chating application. Adequate understanding is needed to be able to communicate with other people virtually where messages are conveyed well and at the same time happy. The journey to the seminar in about four months presents a variety of emotions with negative and positive valences. For example, how to create a seminar participant and photo essays registration website with an inexperienced committee and communication is done virtually. In many ways we argued loudly. This level of difficulty is quite high. Virtual communication is different from face-to-face. We have to be more selective with words because intonation and gesture are absent in communication via WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger. We optimize virtual communication right before we teach it to seminar attendees! This is so much fun! Pandemic may isolate our body, not our ideas. The international seminar was held on Monday, November 9, 2020, to coincide with the 19th anniversary of the founding of the Poltekkes Kemenkes Palangka Raya. In accordance with the health protocol during the COVID-19 pandemic, the online committee from home and from their respective workspaces does not gather in one room. Seminar participants attended the Zoom room after previously registering through the website. At the end of the registration period, 32 photo essays obtained. The details are 16 photo essays from the Department of Nursing, 9 photo essays from the Department of Midwifery, and 7 photo essays from the Department of Nutrition. On November 9, 2020, after the seminar was over, 9 photo essays winners from 9 categories were announced, and been published at the Global Health Management Journal as 2022’s Special Edition, following the standard guidelines for Photo Essays.
Yoan Agnes Theresia, Ester Inung Sylvia, Gad Datak
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 143-148;

“As the spearhead of national development, sometimes teenagers are required to be perfect. What people don’t even know is that sometimes we teenagers also have stories to tell. Share a laugh and be cheerful, that’s what we are. In the end, life is not about being perfect but how we want to learn and grow together. It’s okay, you are not alone, we are always there for you“. Those are words I thought of when I saw teenagers. They grow rapidly, and I thought family plays important roles during the transition time from childhood to adulthood. This photo essay highlights eight (8) family functions in preventing teenagers facing problems during their transition growth, including early marriage, premarital sex, and drug abuse. Instead, by applying the cares and educations to the adolescents, the family can support and prepare their children to be more productive for better future. “Love your family, love your teenager, and love the future of your nation” .
Andrew John Macnab
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 88-91;

There are many reasons to write a paper. Your reason ‘why’ will be personal and uniquely yours. You may well have had an innovative idea or collected novel research data, discovered new information of importance, or found a better way to do something; it maybe you are in a profession where it is an expectation that you ‘publish’ as part of your career path. Whatever the reason, knowledge transfer through peer reviewed publication is an integral part of academic activity and the advancement of science, so many of us find ourselves faced with the task of writing a paper and submitting it for publication. This editorial provides the general formula that most scientific papers follow, and the sections that make up an article. The anatomy of a successful scientific paper includes Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials/Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. Each journal also has its own requirements for formatting and content that define its style, so it is essential to read the journal’s ‘Guidelines for Authors’ to get detailed instructions on all aspects of how to set out your paper; these are available online; for example for the Global Health Management Journal, go to: Writing a paper is never easy, but it can be straightforward if you follow the established guidelines; remember Asher’s six words for framing your manuscript, and, include the elements required in each section of the paper. Writing a paper is best not done alone. Gather ideas, thoughts and encouragement from your co-authors and supervisor/colleagues; have someone not connected with the work you have done read what you have written to make sure it is easy to understand (and interesting). We all learn from reading papers other authors have written in good journals, and from the feedback we receive through reviewer’s comments/suggestions on what we have written. When your paper is published, remember to pause and celebrate your success, as being published is an achievement, and only happens after a lot of hard work. Then, once you are an author, keep writing! Also, act as a mentor to the friend or colleague who asks you, “How do I write up and publish my scientific research?”
Missesa Missesa, Trissa Viranti, Shasa Dini Martha Ewa Kaswana, Carolin Firsta Athena, Hendrowanto Nibel
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 153-158;

In mid-2020, COVID-19 cases in Central Kalimantan showed relatively high, approximately 10.5% of children suffered from COVID -19. Many institutions have been implementing health education on the positive healthy behaviour standard for COVID-19 prevention, including regular hand washing, mask-wearing, and social distancing. The purpose of this article is to give clear and actionable guidance for children living in river-basin residences. Central Kalimantan geographically has a number of rivers known as a watershed area (DAS). This photo essay records health promotion given during Covid-19 outbreak in Riverbank of Kahayan River, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. In this study area, children use small boat made by wood to mobile or visit their friends to play. Before the Covid-19 Outbreak, using face mask in not compulsory and parents will just freely give permission to their children to play outside. It is shown that it is challenging to encourage children to protect themselves from the COVID-19 infection in the area of DAS. Moreover, the existence of this abundant water source is a potential natural asset for positive hygiene behaviour. Thus, it is worth noting that hand washing with soap and water is recommended. A cultural approach can also be an alternative for health campaigns. This paper shows how we use one of traditional musical instruments of Central Kalimantan, called Japen, and the lute is used as an instrument for making audio-visuals. This instrument is made from a sack. It includes education and has a key message of moral wisdom with the social value of the Dayak people in Borneo. Maintaining children's health during the Covid 19 pandemic with creative educational campaigns, using various modes such as posters, multimedia, and storytelling is beneficial for positive health behaviours.
Eva Berthy Tallutondok, Chia-Jung Hsieh
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 99-103;

This perspectives explain the extraordinary gap in cases and deaths between Indonesia and Taiwan. The paper will answer the question: Why does Taiwan have just 7 deaths while Indonesia reported 14,348 deaths in the first week of November 2020? What strategy did Taiwan’s government employ to combat COVID-19? What lesson can be learned from Taiwan to combat Covid-19? The aim of this article is to identify lessons on effective communications strategy used by Taiwan’s government that can affect government, health professionals, and population together to combat COVID-19.
Agnescia Clarissa Sera, Prisilia Oktaviyani
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 1-5;

Reny Sulistyowati, Yuyun Christyanni, Dedi Cahyo Nusantoro
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 5, pp 06-09;

Andrew J. Macnab
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 4, pp 5-20;

Background: To review global initiatives to reduce the burden of disease from malaria on school-aged children. The focus is on approaches with potential to reduce mortality and morbidity, improve the health and ability of children to attend school, avoid malaria impacting their potential academic achievement, and minimize the risk of short- and long-term cognitive impairment. Methods: Literature searches using defined terms related to malaria and education, and a scoping review of the key literature selected, to provide a narrative summary of the challenges and potential solutions identified. Results: There is robust evidence that school-aged children are particularly vulnerable to malaria, and need special measures to protect them; calls are widespread for better diagnostic approaches and program innovation because of current levels of malaria-related morbidity and mortality. School-based programs that educate children broadly on causation, prevention and care required can improve access to timely diagnosis and treatment; however, currently national malaria control interventions do not specifically target school-age children. The literature describes intervention strategies that include seasonal chemoprophylaxis, intermittent protective treatment and antimalarial therapy linked to mass drug administration for neglected tropical diseases. Recently, a community participatory intervention model based on WHO-endorsed diagnostic and treatment principles has taught teachers to screen all children sick at school using rapid point-of-care diagnostic testing and treat promptly with Artemesinin combination therapy; morbidity and absenteeism are significantly reduced. There is no consensus on the optimal intervention strategy; approaches will need to vary, but evidence of ‘what works and why’ exists to guide constructive implementation measures in each endemic region. Conclusion: Malaria exemplifies how health inequity negatively impacts a child’s health and ability to benefit from education, yet simple and effective school-based approaches exist that positively impact morbidity, provide access to WHO-endorsed diagnosis and treatment, are applicable worldwide and can increase the capacity of children to learn. Keywords: Absenteeism; Artemesinin Combination Therapy; Cognitive Impairment; Intermitient Protective Treatment; Rapid Diagnostic Testing; Seasonal Malaria Chemoprophylaxis; Teachers Received: 14 May 2020 Reviewed: 14 June 2020 Revised: 28 June 2020 Accepted: 28 June 2020 DOI: 10.35898/ghmj-41578
Dyah Anantalia Widyastari
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 4, pp 1-4;

Perspectives: *) Behavioral responses towards Covid-19 measures: who comply, who donot and reasons of incompliance *) Has the government convey the right messages to the public?
Meli Deviana, Noor Pramono, Ari Suwondo
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 4, pp 21-26;

Background: The use of nesting and prone position conditioned Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies as the mother’s womb that helped in the development of physiological functions and achieve physiological function stability. This study aims to test the effectiveness of designed nesting with polyethylene terephthalate materials and the position of prone with standard care using a box of baby warmers for the length of stay which is observed from the achievement of the stability of vital signs on LBW. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental design study with non-equivalent control group design. The study population was all LBW treated in the Perinatal room with a sample of 36 LBW selected consecutively from newborns at RSUD RAA Soewondo Pa􀦞 and RSUD Dr. R. Soetrasno Rembang. Results: The combination of nesting polyethylene group with position prone achieved faster vital signs stability and shorter duration of treatment compared to the control group with p = 0.001 for temperature, respiration and oxygen saturation. Conclusion: The combination of polyethylene terephthalate nesting and prone position is effective to reduce the duration of treatment and achieving the stability of vital signs of low birth weight infants. This intervention can be used as LBW care during hospital and home care. Keywords: nesting, position prone, polyethylene tread, length of stay, baby vital signs Received: 25 August 2018 Reviewed: 10 September 2018 Revised: 28 June 2020 Accepted: 28 June 2020 DOI: 10.35898/ghmj-41579
Linda Yulyani, Menik Sri Daryanti
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 4, pp 27-36;

Pregnancy may cause problems or become a complication at any time. However, complications of pregnancy and childbirth can be prevented by regular antenatal care (ANC) visits. Four ANC visits (K4) are indicators used to assess the quality of health services for pregnant women. Four ANC visits (K4) are also the indicators to see the frequency that refers to the trimester period when conducting a pregnancy check. Nationally, performance indicators for the coverage of four ANC visits (K4) on pregnant women in 2014 did not reach the target. There are various factors that may contribute to an unsuccessful four ANC visit (K4) of pregnant women that come from predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors. The objective of the study is to investigate the correlation between maternal age and four ANC visits (K4) on TM III (trimester III) pregnant women at Danurejan I Primary Health Center of Yogyakarta. It is an analytic observational study design with cross-sectional approach. The sample was taken by accidental sampling technique with the inclusion and exclusion criteria as many as 30 TM III pregnant women. The result of this study shows that from four factors that analyzed, only two factors have a significant relationship with four ANC Visits (K4), which are maternal age (pv=0.000) and parity (pv=0.000). Meanwhile, education level (pv=0.155) and occupation (pv=0.210) have no correlation with four ANC Visits K4). Therefore, it can be concluded from this study that the maternal age and parity are the predisposing factors related to the four ANC Visits (K4). As a result, it is clear that promotion and prevention efforts such as health education about mature age at marriage and improving family planning programs are essential to increase four ANC Visits (K4). Future studies are expected to be conducted on larger sample sizes and different epidemiological approaches. Keywords: Pregnancy; Predisposing; Four ANC Visits Received: 5 June 2020 Reviewed: 18 July 2020 Revised: 24 July 2020 Accepted: 28 August 2020DOI: 10.35898/ghmj-41538
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 152-158;

Background: World Health Organiza on (WHO) recommends breast milk as sole and the most complete infant food during the first 6 months. However, in certain circumstances, when breas eeding is not possible, not de- sired or not advised, infant formulas like those are made of soy can be given to newborns. However, the safety of long-term use soy-based formula has been argued due to the possible adverse effects of phytoestrogen, phytates and aluminum in human body as well as the consequences of agrochemicals residue. Therefore, those problems should be taken into account while developing, reviewing or amending policy of infant formulas. This ar cle re- views the adequacy of soy-based infant formula policy in Indonesia to an cipate issues in SIF consump on. Methods: Australian and New Zealand Food Standards Code was used to compared to the decree of Indonesian NADFC. The results were described narra vely and analyzed from the perspec ve of the author. Results: Accordingly, only small aspects of SIF are regulated in Indonesian policy. The use of SPI for SIF in In- donesia is not a compulsory though scien fically another source may trigger diarrhea in newborn baby. No clause related to aluminum content, zinc to copper ra o, isoflavone level, GM soy and pes cide residue found in In- donesian policy. Conclusion: Apparently, very limited provision regarding SIF has been covered by Indonesian policy. The regu- la on of SIF marketed and manufactured in Indonesia should be more specific and developed based on recent clinical and epidemiological studies. On the other hand, Indonesia needs a comprehensive system where society may par cipate in reviewing the laws.
Nitchamon Rakkapao, Pradabduang Kiattisaksiri, Ronnapoom Samakkekarom
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 84-94;

Background: HIV/AIDS is s ll a problem in the health care system of developing countries. Migrant workers are considered a vulnerable popula on for HIV infec on. The current informa on on HIV/AIDS and migrant workers is useful to provide suitable effec ve health interven ons for the preven on of HIV/AIDS. This study aims to describe knowledge, a tudes and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors among Myanmar male migrant workers in Thailand. Methods: A cross-sec onal study was conducted in Myanmar male migrant workers aged 18-60 years collected from February to May 2018. A total of 400 migrant workers who live in Patumthani provinces were selected by a convenience sampling method. Descrip ve sta s cs were used to explore knowledge, a tudes and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors of par cipants. Results: The mean age of the par cipants was 33 years, ages ranged from 18 to 60 years old, achieved pri- mary school (40.40%), and married (54.30%). An average living in Thailand was 3.25 years and monthly income was 9,166 baht (∼286 USD), respec vely. A majority of par cipants had a poor level of HIV/AIDS knowledge (55.25%) and a fair level of an a tude about HIV/AIDS disease and preven on (61.25%). Risk behaviors related to HIV/AIDS of par cipants who had sex with non-partners were 40.58%. Conclusion: Most par cipants had poor knowledge and a fair a tude of HIV/AIDS. Risk behaviors related to HIV/AIDS of the par cipants were rela vely high. Moreover, most of par cipants had less access to health care services. This results confirmed that an urgent need to provide health interven on to increase knowledge on HIV/AIDS of Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand.
Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Doni Marisi Sinaga, Canggih Puspo Wibowo, Pamuko Aditya Rahman, Hafizh Muhammad Noor, Dimas Sondang Irawan, Tiara Fatmarizka, Dwina Gustia Diary, , Maretalinia Maretalinia, et al.
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 79-83;

Ester Inung Sylvia, Gad Datak, Visia Didin Ardiyani
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 117-123;

Background: Pre-diabetes is a stage prior to diabetes mellitus (DM) and many studies in west countries found the risk factors of diabetes were mostly related to the nutri onal status of being overweight and obese. Dia- betes mellitus is not only experienced by adults but also by teenagers. They have the poten al for pre-diabetes because they may have unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking, consuming alcohol, high-calories, and junk foods and lack of physical ac vity. This study aims to determine the risk factors of pre-diabetes among senior high school students in Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Methods: This study was a qualita ve study using a ques onnaire as an instrument for data collec on. It consists of a set of ques ons on diabetes risk. This research conducted in four public senior high schools in Palangka Raya with the total sample was 131 respondents have par cipated in this research. Results: 25 respondents (19.1%) from a total sample of 131 par cipants suffered from pre-diabetes and 30.5% of respondents had a family with DM. Some students (6.9%) had a smoking habit and 13% incidence of pre- diabetes in high school students related to these factors (R2: 0.13). Only less than half of the total respondents (43.5%) had a normal BMI. As many as 39.7% of respondents were undernourished while the rest were over- weight. Conclusion: Pre-diabetes factors on teenagers in Palangka Raya are female dominate had a history of DM, and being overweight. This study further leads to the importance of weight control that focusing on physical ac vity and dietary management as early precau ons. Health educa on is required to suppress the number of risk fac- tors for diabetes.
, Yin Thet Nu Ou, Nanda Myo Aung Wan, Bo Bo Nyan, Aung Pyae Phyo, Le Le Win
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 95-106;

Background: In Myanmar, alcohol consump on among university students had been recognized as a major pub- lic health concern. A cross-sec onal study was done to inves gate drinking alcohol and risk level assessment using the Alcohol Use Disorder Iden fica on Test (AUDIT) and examined the reasons of alcohol uses and types of beverage preference consumed. Methods: The two universi es from three districts in Mandalay region were randomly selected, from which 976 students (stra fied by academic year and sex) were contributed in self-administered ques onnaire. Results: The mean age at first drinking alcohol among the par cipants was 16.36±0.15 years with range of 16 to 19 years. The drinking risk level assessment using the AUDIT test, nearly half of the par cipants 48.7% were abstainers and 86 (8.8%) were high risk drinkers while 28 (2.9%) had alcohol dependency. Among those, 57.8% had experiences of alcohol drinking and the favorite beverage of the university students who drink alcohol was beer. Binary logis c regression analysis indicated that gender, smoking habit and living situa on for drinking were significant predictors of alcohol consump on among university students. The results found out that living separately with parents and smoking habits were important factors for drinking alcohol with sta s cally signifi- cant at 95% confidence level. Conclusion: It provided evidence-based findings for knowing the alcohol consump on risk level among univer- sity students to prevent social depriva on and health risk behaviors. Findings from this study indicate a need for law governing, strictly prohibits the sale of alcohol directly or indirectly to those under the age of eighteen years. The alcohol interven on program can be helpful in modifying behaviors change communica on in health promo on of university students.
, Amanah Amanah, Nurbaiti Nurbaiti
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 146-151;

Background: The cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae infec on in West Java province is s ll high. Klebsiella pneu- moniae bacterium can produce the Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase enzyme leading to an bio cs resistant, so it is important to look for natural and inexpensive an bio c alterna ves; one of which is Dayak onion plant (Eleutherine bulbosa Mill). The content found in Dayak onion is believed to inhibit the growth of Klebsiella pneu- moniae bacteria. This study aims to determine the effec veness of Dayak onion essen al oil on the growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria. Methods: This study was an experimental study with a post-test control group design using the culture of Kleb- siella pneumoniae on the media Muller Hinton Agar in 7 groups. Groups 1 to 5 (K1 to K5) were given sequen ally Dayak Onion essen al oil solu on in 10% DMSO solvent with concentra ons of 50%, 25%, 12.5%, 6.25%, and 3.125%. Group 6 (K6) was posi ve control (+) with 5 μg Levofloxacin, and Group 7 (K7) was Nega ve (-) with 10% DMSO. The treatment results were measured by the diameter of the host zone and the collected data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA with appropriate Post hoc analysis. Results: The results showed that that there are differences in each group to inhibit the growth of bacteria (p
Ivana Aprilia Pratiwi, Varongsiri Kemsawasd,
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal), Volume 3, pp 124-137;

Background: Recently, there has been considerable interest in increasing the dietary fiber content in food products because of inadequate dietary fiber consump on when considering the daily recommended intake. To in- crease dietary fiber intake, dietary fiber for fied foods are recommended. This study aimed to develop a high fiber snack bar (HFSB) using a combina on of Jerusalem ar choke powder (JAP) and low-fat desiccated coconut (LFDC) as sources of dietary fiber. Methods: The changes in physicochemical and microbiological proper es, and sensory acceptability were mea- sured during storage at 35 oC and 45 oC for 12 weeks. Therefore, the shelf-life of the products was calculated by Q10 test. Results: The HFSB had a higher L* value (lightness) than control (C) due to the addi on of LFDC. Total dietary fiber of the HFSB was approximately 3.7 mes higher than that of the C formula. The L*, a*, and b* values of both C and HFSB were sta s cally significant different (p
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