Refine Search

New Search

Results: 74

(searched for: doi:10.1016/j.jep.2017.09.018)
Save to Scifeed
Page of 2
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
, Safaa Baydoun, Hatem Nasser, Tiziana Ulian, Nelly Arnold-Apostolides
Published: 26 December 2022
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, Volume 18, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-022-00568-y

Abstract:
Background: Medicinal plants and associated traditional knowledge play a vital role in supporting the livelihoods and resilience of indigenous communities. This ethnobotanical survey aims to identify medicinal plants used by the local communities of the Shouf Biosphere Reserve of Lebanon (SBR) and document the associated traditional knowledge. Methodology: Focus groups and personal interviews with 133 informants of community members of 22 villages of SBR were performed during 2019–2022. Informants were selected using purposive sampling techniques based on their knowledge of medicinal plants and experience in traditional herbal medicine. Interviews were conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire through field visits. Results: Informants were equally represented by females and males and had different demographic characteristics, and the main source of knowledge was ancestral. A total of 184 medicinal plant species belonging to 57 families were documented. The predominant families were Asteraceae (31 spp.), Lamiaceae (14 spp.), and Rosaceae (14 spp.). Leaves (23%) were the plant part most used. Decoction (45%) was the predominant preparation method, while internal (oral) use (47%) was the most frequent administration mean. Berberis libanotica, Dittrichia viscosa, and Daucus carota achieved the highest scores of frequency of citation (FC), relative frequency of citation (RFC), use value (UV), and fidelity level (FL). Furthermore, diseases and ailments of gastrointestinal tract were the category most treated. Conclusions: Findings revealed a rich and diverse list of medicinal plants with associated traditional knowledge still actively used to treat a wide range of diseases. Future phytochemical and pharmacological studies are recommended to determine the efficacy and safety of plant species used. The management body of the SBR and all related authorities are invited to continue their conservation efforts to protect such rich biocultural heritage.
Published: 22 November 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Life
Abstract:
Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (jujube) is a well-known medicinal plant with pronounced wound healing properties. The present study aimed to establish the chemical composition of the lyophilized ethanolic extract from Romanian Ziziphus jujuba leaves and to evaluate the healing and anti-inflammatory properties of a newly developed lipophilic ointment containing 10% dried jujube leaves extract. The ultra-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry method was used, and 47 compounds were detected, among them the novel epicatechin and caffeic acid. The extract contains significant amounts of rutin (29.836 mg/g), quercetin (15.180 mg/g) and chlorogenic acid (350.96 µg/g). The lipophilic ointment has a slightly tolerable pH, between 5.41–5.42, and proved to be non-toxic in acute dermal irritation tests on New Zealand albino rabbits and after repeated administration on Wistar rats. The ointment also has a healing activity comparable to Cicatrizin (a pharmaceutical marketed product) on Wistar rats and a moderate anti-inflammatory action compared to the control group, but statistically insignificant compared to indomethacin in the rat-induced inflammation test by intraplantar administration of kaolin. The healing and anti-inflammatory properties of the tested ointment are due to phenolic acids and flavonoids content, less because of minor components as apocynin, scopoletin, and isofraxidin.
, Nikola Gramatnikovski, Iskra Pechijareva-Sadikarijo, Svetlana Krstevska-Blazhevska, Vlado Matevski
Published: 1 November 2022
Journal: Prilozi
Prilozi, Volume 43, pp 79-89; https://doi.org/10.2478/prilozi-2022-0040

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic and the need for social distancing brought about sudden changes in the health system and treatment strategies. Patients with chronic wounds were affected by these changes and had limited access to professional treatment in hospitals. They were at a higher risk of infection with COVID-19 due to comorbidities and advanced age. The aim of the study was to develop an appropriate protocol for the in-home treatment of chronic wounds due to the COVID-19 pandemic when access to hospitals is limited and the risk of infection for these patients is high. In our case, Hypericum tetrapterum oil extract was applied for four months on a volunteer, a 78-year-old male patient with a chronic wound, additionally infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and comorbidities. His healing status was monitored by measuring the wound size and microbiological analysis at certain intervals. The scab of wound DPHR2 (right lower leg chronic wound 2), with its diameters of d1 (40 mm) and d2 (20 mm), fell off after 22 days of the first Hypericum tetrapterum oil extract application. The scab of wound DPHR1 (right lower leg chronic wound 1), with its diameters of d1 (74 mm) and d2 (35 mm), fell off after two and a half months of treatment with Hypericum tetrapterum oil extract. The results of our study indicated that Hypericum tetrapterum oil extract has a significant wound-healing potential and might be used as traditional medicine in the treatment of chronic wounds.
Published: 30 September 2022
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Alireza Malayeri, , Zahra Basir, Tohid Movahhed, Zeinab Zaheri Abdevand
Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5812/jjnpp-127426

Abstract:
Background: Persian oak (Quercus castaneifolia C.A.Mey) belongs to the Fagaceae family. This plant is commonly used in Iranian traditional medicine to treat inflammatory and gastric ulcers. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of Persian oak fruit aqueous hull extract on wound healing in rats. Methods: Thirty-five male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, then two full-thickness wounds of 10 mm in diameter were created bilaterally on the back of the animals. The negative control group received saline, the positive control group was treated with phenytoin cream, and three treatment groups received 2%, 4%, and 8% Jaft aqueous extract. The animals received these medicines once daily for 15 days. The percentage of wound healing was evaluated using wound contraction ratio, re-epithelialization, tensile strength, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) content. Histopathological examination was performed on repaired tissues. Results: In the 2%, 4%, and 8% Jaft extract and the phenytoin groups, the wound closure rate was significantly higher than in the saline group. The treatment groups revealed significant healing improvement (P < 0.05) compared to the control group in wound contraction, tensile strength, epithelialization duration, VEGF, and PDGF plasma level. Histopathological investigations also exhibited development in wound healing with Jaft extract. Conclusions: This study shows that the Persian oak fruit hull aqueous extract was effective in wound healing in animal models. Clinical trials are required to prove the efficacy of Q. castaneifolia fruit hull spray in healing various wounds in humans.
An-Ping Li,
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.1080/10826076.2022.2109669

Abstract:
Farfarae Flos, a frequently used traditional herbal medicine with outstanding antitussive and anti-asthmatic effects. As an herbal rich in natural flavonoids, the quantitative determination of multi-flavonoids can be helpful to comprehensively evaluate its quality. Herein, an efficient, sensitive and accurate UHPLC-MS/MS method was established to simultaneous determinate nine flavonoids (rutin, hyperin, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, hesperidin, luteolin, quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin, and genkwanin) in Farfarae Flos. The calibration curves of the analytes had good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9991). Limit of detection and limit of quantitation of each analytes was in the range of 1.06 × 10−5–2.26 × 10−3 μg·mL−1 and 3.52 × 10−5–7.53 × 10−3 μg·mL−1. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 2.71% and 2.94%. The RSD of repeatability test and stability test was less than 2.35% and 2.56%. The recovery rates were in the range of 95.27%–103.60%. The method was further applied to determinate 40 batches of samples that derived from different plant parts and with definite habitat. The results of chemometric statistical analysis showed that, firstly, the content of flavonoids can effectively reflect the differences between traditional medicinal parts and impurities. Secondly, the geographical environment has impact on the quality. In conclusion, this study provides a valuable methodological reference for the quality evaluation and further resource utilization of Farfarae Flos. Graphical Abstract
An-Ping Li, Yan-Ping Shi
Journal of Aoac International, Volume 106, pp 192-204; https://doi.org/10.1093/jaoacint/qsac088

Abstract:
Farfarae Flos (FF) is a frequently used traditional herbal medicine with outstanding antitussive actions. The adulteration of FF decoction pieces is common. This study aimed to study the effect of adulteration on the safety and quality of FF decoction pieces. The proportion of impurities was conducted by cone quartering method. A simple and accurate ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was established to simultaneous determinate three pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) as endogenous toxic compounds in FF. The traditional medicinal parts (flower bud), impurities (pedicel and rhizome) and unselected samples were determined respectively. The values of estimated daily intake (EDI) and margin of exposure (MOE) were used for risk assessment. Twenty batches of samples were collected from different habitats, and the proportion of impurities ranged from 17.51% to 41.27%. Pedicel and rhizome were the main impurities, accounting for more than 87.40% of the total impurities. The content of PAs in impurities was significantly higher. The EDI value range was 5.34 to 16.59 μg/kg bw/day, which was much higher than the standard safety value of 7.00 × 10−3 μg/kg bw/day. The MOE values ranges for life long time and shorter exposure were 14.29 to 44.37 and 371.53 to 1153.63, respectively, indicating that at least 80% of the samples had safety risks. Correlation analysis showed that the proportion of adulterated impurities had significant correlation with the values of EDI and MOE. Adulteration of non medicinal parts may significantly increase the risk of medications of FF decoction pieces. This study provides an efficient methodology reference for the control of PAs and a basis for adulteration to affect the safety and quality of FF decoction pieces.
Published: 20 July 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Life
Abstract:
Background: The use of various herbal therapists as part of traditional medicine in different parts of the world, including Bulgaria, is due to the knowledge accumulated over the centuries by people about their valuable biological activities. In this study, we investigate extracts from widely used Bulgarian medicinal plants for their ability to prevent the coronavirus infection of cells by testing different mechanisms of antiviral protection, their polyphenol content, and redox-modulating capacity. Methods: The influence on the stage of viral adsorption, the inhibition of extracellular virions, and the protective effect on uninfected cells of the plant’s extracts were reported by the end-point dilution method, and virus titer (in Δ lgs) was determined as compared to the untreated controls. The total content of polyphenols and flavonoids was also determined. We tested the antioxidant power of the extracts by their ability to inhibit the generation of superoxide anionic radicals and to scavenge DPPH radicals. We determined their iron-reducing, copper-reducing, and metal-chelating antioxidant powers. Results: Most of the extracts tested suppress the extracellular virions of HCov. They also inhibit the stage of viral adsorption to the host cell to varying degrees and have a protective effect on healthy cells before being subjected to viral invasion. The examined extracts contained significant levels of polyphenols and quercetin-like flavonoids and showed remarkable antioxidant, radical, and redox-modulating effects. Conclusions: All of these 13 extracts from Bulgarian medicinal plants tested can act as antioxidants and antiviral and symptomatic drugs for the management of coronavirus infection.
Efthymia Eleni Tsioutsiou, Vaios Amountzias, Argyro Vontzalidou, Evanthia Dina, Zora Dajić Stevanović, , Nektarios Aligiannis
Published: 5 July 2022
Frontiers in Pharmacology, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2022.936047

Abstract:
A review research was conducted to provide an overview of the ethnobotanical knowledge of medicinal plants and traditional medical practices for the treatment of skin disorders in Albania, Cyprus, Greece, and Turkey. The geographical and ecological characteristics of the Balkan Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea, along with the historical connection among those countries, gave rise to the development of a distinct flora and to the uses of common medicinal plants against various skin ailments, respectively. The review focuses on the detailed study of 128 ethnobotanical surveys conducted in these areas and the species used for skin ailments were singled out. The analysis showed that 967 taxa belonging to 418 different genera and 111 different families are used in the treatment of skin related problems. The majority of the plants belong to the families of Asteraceae (11.7%), Lamiaceae (7.4%), Rosaceae (6.7%), Plantaginaceae (5.4%), and Malvaceae (3.8%). Their usage is internal or external to treat ailments such as wounds and burns (22.1%), hemorrhoids (14.7%), boils, abscesses, and furuncles (8.2%). Beside specific skin disorders, numerous species appeared to be used for their antifungal, antimicrobial, and antiseptic activity (9.1%). Literature evaluation highlighted that, the most commonly used species are Plantago major L. (Albania, Turkey), Hypericum perforatum L. (Greece, Turkey), Sambucus nigra L. (Cyprus, Greece), Ficus carica L. (Cyprus, Turkey), Matricaria chamomilla L. (Cyprus, Greece), and Urtica dioica L. (Albania, Turkey), while many medicinal plants reported by interviewees were common in all four countries. Finally, to relate this ethnopharmacological knowledge and trace its expansion and diversification through centuries, a comparison of findings was made with the use of the species mentioned in Dioscorides’ “De Materia Medica” for skin disorders. This work constitutes the first comparative study performed with ethnobotanical data for skin ailments gathered in the South Balkan and East Mediterranean areas. Results confirm the primary hypothesis that people in Albania, Cyprus, Greece, and Turkey are closely related in terms of traditionally using folk medicinal practices. Nevertheless, more field studies conducted, especially in remote places of these regions, can help preserve the traditional medical knowledge, aiming at the discovery of new phytotherapeutics against dermatological diseases.
Seyed Rasoul Tahami, Nahid Hassanzadeh Nemati, Hamid Keshvari, Mohammad Taghi Khorasani
Published: 2 July 2022
Journal of Wound Care, Volume 31, pp 598-611; https://doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2022.31.7.598

Abstract:
Objective: The present study aims to create Calendula officinalis-loaded nanofibre-based wound dressing materials to enhance the wound healing process. Calendula officinalis is an annual herb native to the Mediterranean region. It is antipyretic, antifungal, antioedema, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory (wound, oral and pharyngeal mucosa), antispasmodic, treats chronic ocular surface diseases, acts as a stimulant and a diaphoretic. It is also used in the prevention of acute dermatitis, and in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers, wounds and burns. Method: Electrospinning is an effective method for creating nano- and microfibres for biomedical applications. Calendula officinalis (CA) of various concentrations 5%, 10% and 15%)-loaded polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/sodium alginate (SAlg) nanofibre mats were successfully produced via blend electrospinning. Nanofibre mats were evaluated using: scanning electron microscopy (SEM); Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis; gel content; water vapour transmission rate (WVTR); swelling ratio; in vitro drug release studies; viability evaluation (cell culture and MTT assay); and an in vivo study using male Wistar rats. Rats were divided into three groups (n=3). In each group, rats were inflicted with five full-thickness wounds on the back and were treated with sterile gauze (control), PVA/SAlg nanofibre dressing (CA-free control), PVA/SAlg/CA5%, PVA/SAlg/CA10%, and PVA/SAlg/CA15% nanofibre dressing. Results: Results showed that the obtained fibres were smooth with no surface aggregates, indicating complete incorporation of Calendula officinalis. The release of Calendula officinalis from loaded PVA/SAlg fibre mats in the first four hours was burst released and then was constant. PVA/SAlg and PVA/SAlg/CA nanofibres were not toxic to L929 mouse fibroblasts and supported cell attachment and proliferation. The results of the in vivo study showed that the PVA/SAlg/CA10% nanofibre dressing had a higher full-thickness wound healing closure rate compared with the control group on days seven, 14 and 21 after treatment. Conclusion: The results of this evaluation showed that PVA/SAlg/CA nanofibrous mats could be a candidate as an effective wound dressing; however, the percentage of CA in this compound needs further investigation.
Published: 23 June 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Plants
Abstract:
Background: Bulgaria is a country with a wide range of medicinal plants, with uses in traditional medicine dating back for centuries. Methods: Disc diffusion assay was used to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the plant extracts. A cytopathic effect inhibition test was used for the assessment of the antiviral activity of the extracts. The virucidal activity of the extracts, their influence on the stage of viral adsorption, and their protective effect on uninfected cells were reported using the end-point dilution method, and Δlgs was determined as compared to the untreated controls. Results: The results of the study reveal that the antibacterial potential of G. glabra and H. perforatum extracts in Gram-positive bacteria is more effective than in Gram-negative bacteria. When applied during the replication of HSV-1 and HCov-OC-43, only some of the extracts showed weak activity, with SI between 2 to 8.5. Almost all tested extracts inhibited the extracellular virions of the studied enveloped viruses (HSV-1 and HCov-OC-43) to a greater extent than of the non-enveloped viruses (PV-1 and HAdV-5). They inhibited the stage of viral adsorption (HSV-1) in the host cell (MDBK) to varying degrees and showed a protective effect on healthy cells (MDBK) before they were subjected to viral invasion (HSV-1). Conclusion: The antipathogenic potential of extracts of H. perforatum and G. glabra suggests their effectiveness as antimicrobial agents. All 13 extracts of the Bulgarian medicinal plants studied can be used to reduce viral yield in a wide range of viral infections.
João V. C. Batista, Annekathrin Uecker, Carla Holandino, Fabio Boylan, Jakob Maier, Jörg Huwyler,
Published: 3 June 2022
Frontiers in Pharmacology, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2022.895838

Abstract:
Malignant ulcerating wounds or neoplastic lesions are a considerable burden for patients suffering from advanced cancer. These wounds have no effective treatment and are very difficult to manage. The present review summarizes evidence in support of a hypothesis put forward in anthroposophic medicine, which suggests a beneficial role of resin from the species Larix decidua Mill. [Pinaceae] for treating such wounds. A systematic search strategy was performed using the databases PubMed, EMBASE and SciFinder. The included publications described the chemical composition of this species, as well as in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo experiments using plant extracts and isolated compounds. The results show that among the phytochemical classes, terpenoids were the major components of this species, especially in the resin. The summarized biological experiments revealed antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, with promising potential for the extracts and isolated compounds. However, the molecular mechanisms and toxicological effects are as of yet not conclusively evaluated. From the data of our study, we can conclude that L. decidua might indeed have a promising potential for the treatment of malignant wounds, but definitive information that can prove its effectiveness is still lacking. We therefore suggest that future efforts should be dedicated to the evaluation of L. decidua resin's therapeutic use considering its antiseptic action and proposed wound healing properties.
Published: 30 March 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Antioxidants
Antioxidants, Volume 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11040677

Abstract:
The cosmetic industry is constantly searching for bioactive ingredients, namely, those obtained from natural sources with environmentally friendly connotations and less toxic effects. A previous study of our research group optimized the extraction of phenolic compounds from Juglans regia by heat-assisted extraction. Due to its richness in different phenolic compounds, the present work aimed to develop a formulation containing J. regia leaf extract. The extract’s antioxidant, anti-tyrosinase, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, cytotoxicity, and photostability properties were evaluated. The extract was then incorporated into an O/W base cream, followed by characterization of the final formulation in terms of its antioxidant properties, phenolic composition, and stability over time and at different storage conditions. The most abundant compounds in the hydroethanolic extract were 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid (18.30 ± 0.04 mg/g), quercetin-O-pentoside (9.64 ± 0.06 mg/g), and quercetin 3-O-glucoside (6.70 ± 0.19 mg/g). Besides those, the extract presented antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, wound closure, and antibacterial effects against several skin pathogens. In addition, HaCaT cell viability was maintained up to 98% at 400 µg/mL. Within Proteus vulgaris-infected HaCaT cells, the extract also presented an over 40% bacterial mortality rate at its nontoxic concentration (200 µg/mL). After incorporating the extract, the obtained formulation presented a good physicochemical profile over time and at different storage conditions while also maintaining its antioxidant effect; as such, it can be considered stable for topical application. Future work to evaluate its performance in terms of skin permeation and detailed toxicological studies with a focus on regulatory requirements, involving skin irritation, eye irritation, genotoxicity, photo-irritation, and dermal absorption, should be conducted, as the prepared formulation demonstrated relevant properties that deserve to be further explored.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19074054

Abstract:
The documentation of ethnopharmaceutical knowledge has always been important for the preservation of countries’ cultural, social, and economic identity. The COVID-19 pandemic with the collapse of healthcare, which has left the individual health to self-care, has also forced us to look back at ethnopharmacology from a practical point of view. This is the first study in Lithuania, dedicated entirely to ethnopharmaceuticals used for skin diseases and cosmetics, and the first study to analyse ethnopharmacology as a Lithuanian phenomenon during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The main purpose of this study was to collect and evaluate ethnopharmaceutical knowledge regarding skin diseases and cosmetics in Šiauliai District, Lithuania during the COVID-19 pandemic from July 2020 to October 2021. This study surveyed 50 respondents; the survey was conducted using the deep interview method. The respondents mentioned 67 species of medicinal plants from 37 different families used for skin diseases (64.18%), cosmetics (13.44%) and cosmeceuticals (22.38%). Of the 67 plant species, 43 (64%) were not included in the European Medicines Agency monographs and only 14 species (21%) of all included species were used with European Medicines Agency approved medical indications for skin diseases. In terms of public health, the safety of “self-treatment” and recovery rituals for skin diseases are no less important than ethnopharmacological knowledge and its application, this being especially relevant during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Published: 16 March 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Plants
Abstract:
The goldenrod (Solidago) species are flowering plants that produce nectar and can be the sources of unifloral honeys. S. canadensis and S. gigantea are native to North America and invasive in several European countries, while S. virgaurea is native to Europe. The aim of this work was to determine and compare the antioxidant capacity of goldenrod honeys collected in three central European countries (Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia), from three locations within each country. The botanical origin of each honey sample was checked with melissopalynological analysis. Color intensity was determined using the Pfund scale. The antioxidant activity was determined with different spectrophotometric methods (DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP). The content of total polyphenols, flavonoids, and phenolic acids was quantified using spectrophotometric methods. The highest radical-scavenging activity was identified for Hungarian samples with all three antioxidant capacity assays. Medium antioxidant activity was described for Slovak samples. The DPPH and ABTS assays discriminated Polish honeys with the lowest antioxidant activity. The highest flavonoid and phenolic acid content was detected in Hungarian and Slovak honeys, while the lowest values were measured in Polish samples. Our study shows that the antioxidant capacity of unifloral goldenrod honeys can be different in various countries of origin, correlating with color intensity and polyphenol content.
Published: 23 February 2022
by MDPI
Journal: Plants
Abstract:
Balms and resins of Picea abies, Larix decidua, and Pinus nigra are traditionally used to treat wounds. Three chromatographic techniques differing in separation capacity and technical demands were employed to distinguish among these plant exudates. A TLC method was established for fingerprint comparison, providing a quick overview of a large number of samples at low cost. HPLC-DAD (RP18) and UHPSFC-DAD (Torus 2-Picolylamin), hyphenated to ESI-MS, represented orthogonal chromatographic systems with high separation performance. The developed methods allow for the separation and detection of major and minor constituents belonging to different compound classes (phenyl carboxylic acids, lignans, diterpene resin acids). The qualitative compositions of the diterpene resin acids, the main compounds in the exudates, were comparable in all three genera. Differences were detected in the distribution of hydroxylated diterpene resin acids, pinoresinol, and hydroxycinnamic acids. The three tested chromatographic systems with varying demands on lab equipment offer appropriate tools for the quality assessment of Picea abies, Larix decidua, and Pinus nigra. The extracts were furthermore tested at three different concentrations (10 µg/mL, 3 µg/mL, and 1 µg/mL) for boosted re-epithelialization, a crucial step in the wound-healing process, in an in vitro HaCaT keratinocyte-based scratch assay. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA, 10 µM) and extracts of several medicinal plants well known for their wound-healing properties (birch, marigold, St. John’s wort, manuka honey) were used as positive controls. Picea abies and Pinus nigra showed concentration dependency; significant activity was measured for Larix decidua at 3 µg/mL.
Umay Merve Güven, Selen Arslan, Melike Betül Çiraci,
Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi Ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi, Volume 12, pp 105-115; https://doi.org/10.31020/mutftd.980661

Abstract:
Amaç: Çalışmamızda Calendula officinalis'in morfolojik değerlendirmesi ve geleneksel kullanımları verilmiştir. Hazırlanan Calendula officinalis ekstresinin topikal uygulabilmesi için taşıyıcı olarak kullanılabilecek mikroemülsiyon geliştirmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Calendula officinalis'in bitki örnekleri botanik bahçesinden toplanmış ve herbaryuma yerleştirilmiştir. Üçgen faz diyagramları, yağ ve farklı oranlarda farklı yüzey aktif madde/yardımcı yüzey aktif maddenin kombinasyonları kullanılarak hazırlanıştır. Seçilen mikroemülsiyonların daha sonra damlacık boyutu, polidispersite indeksi, pH, zeta potansiyeli ve reoloji açısından karakterizasyonları yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Faz diyagramlarından elde edilen Calendula officinalis ekstresi yüklü kararlı mikroemülsiyonlar başarılı şekilde formüle edilmiştir. Geliştirilen formülasyonlar, 208.24 ± 2.28, 232.66 ± 4.46 ve 254.82 ± 6.84 nm damlacık boyutu, 0.22 ± 0.04, 0.27 ± 0.03 ve 0.26 ± 0.03, pH 5.40 ± 0.10, 5.62 ± 0.12 ve 5.58 ± 0.08 değerinde polidisperslik indeksi göstermiştir. Formülasyonlar şeffaf elde edilmiş ve nötr zeta potansiyel değeri göstermiştir. Mikroemülsiyonların bu çalışmada yüksek kararlılığa sahip oldukları görülmüştür. Sonuç: Calendula officinalis ekstresi yüklü mikroemülsiyon sistemin, sedef hastalığının klinik araştırmalarında ve topikal tedavisinde kullanılabilmesi için umut vaat edici bir ilaç taşıyıcı olabileceği düşünülmektedir. Aim: This work aimed to develop microemulsion which can be used as vehicles for the topical application of Calendula officinalis extract. The morphological evaluation and traditional uses of C. officinalis were given in this study. Methods: The plant specimens of C. officinalis were collected from the botanical garden and deposited in the herbarium. The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were constructed based on oil and a combination of different surfactant/cosurfactant at different ratios. The selected microemulsions were then characterized for droplet size, polydispersity index, pH, zeta potential and rheology. Results: Calendula officinalis extract loaded stable microemulsions were successfully formulated based on the selected compositions from the phase diagrams. The developed formulations have shown a globule size of 208.24±2.28, 232.66±4.46 and 254.82±6.84 nm, a polydispersity index of 0.22±0.04, 0.27±0.03, and 0.26±0.03, pH 5.40±0.10, 5.62±0.12, and 5.58±0.08. The formulations appeared transparent and the zeta potential result was neutral. The studied microemulsions showed good stability. Conclusion: Calendula officinalis extract loaded microemulsion system may be a promising carrier for further development into a topical formulation and clinical trials in the treatment of psoriasis.
Mustafa Ghanadian, Rasool Soltani, Alireza Homayouni, Farzin Khorvash, Soroush Mohammadi Jouabadi, Moein Abdollahzadeh
The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds; https://doi.org/10.1177/15347346211070723

Abstract:
Aims: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) and pressure ulcer (PU) both are common types of ulcers worldwide. The wound healing effect of Plantago major leaves has been shown in a few animal studies. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of P. major hydroalcoholic extract on DFU and PU healing. Methods: In this clinical trial, patients with DFU or PU who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to drug ( P. major) or control groups. For patients in the drug group, Plantago extract 10% topical gel was applied on the wound once daily concurrent with dressing and routine wound care for two weeks, while for the control group, an appropriate novel dressing was used along with routine wound care for the same duration. The percentage of wound size reduction at the end of the seventh and 14th days of intervention was recorded and compared between the groups. Results: Fifty and 44 patients in drug and control groups, respectively, completed the interventions. Plantago extract gel significantly resulted in more reduction in the wound size compared to control at the end of the first (64.90 ± 29.75% vs. 33.11 ± 26.55%; P < 0.001) and second week (86.85 ± 24.34% vs. 52.87 ± 32.41%; P < 0.001). Furthermore, the number of patients with complete wound healing in the drug group (n = 32, 64%) was significantly more than the control group (n = 9, 20.45%; OR: 3.129, 95% CI: 1.685-5.809, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The use of 10% topical gel of P. major leaf extract results in the acceleration of DFU and PU healing. Key points: Application of P. major topical gel results in the acceleration of diabetic foot ulcer and pressure ulcer healing. - P. major extract helps reducing the wound's erythema. - P. major leaf extract assists decreasing the wound size. - The number of patients completing wound healing process is higher among whom undergoing P. major dressing.
Ogün Bozkaya, Hüsamettin Ekici, Zehra Gün Gök, Esra Arat, Seda Ekici, Mustafa Yiğitoğlu, Ibrahim Vargel
Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi; https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.1014802

Abstract:
In the present study, functional silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized from silver ions using the therapeutic plant extracts of Centella asiatica (CA). CA functional groups coated AgNPs (CA-AgNPs) formation was proved by characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peaks at around 420 nm wavelength. The mean zeta size and zeta potential of CA-AgNPs were found to be 29.5 nm and -24.5 mV, respectively. It was determined that the obtained nanoparticles had a negative surface charge and the results showed that the CA-AgNPs were stable. The functional groups analysis of the CA-AgNPs was investigated by a fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). With antibacterial test, it was determined that the obtained nanoparticles have antibacterial activity on both gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative Escherichia coli. The cytotoxicity effects of CA and CA-AgNPs in different concentrations on L929 fibroblast were investigated with the MTT test, and it was determined that CA-AgNPs had a cytotoxic effect at concentrations above 1 mM. In addition, the analgesic effects of CA-AgNPs were investigated with tail flick and hot plate methods for the first time in the literature by tail flick and hot plate methods, and statistically significant results were obtained with both methods. These results showed that CA-AgNPs at certain concentrations are suitable nanoscale biomaterials for many biomedical applications.
Published: 11 November 2021
by MDPI
Journal of Functional Biomaterials, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb12040061

Abstract:
Chitosan/PVA hydrogel films crosslinked by the freeze–thaw method and containing honey and allantoin were prepared for application as wound dressing materials. The effects of the freeze–thaw process and the addition of honey and allantoin on the swelling, the gel content and the mechanical properties of the samples were evaluated. The physicochemical properties of the samples, with and without the freeze–thaw process, were compared using FTIR, DSC and XRD. The results showed that the freeze–thaw process can increase the crystallinity and thermal stability of chitosan/PVA films. The freeze–thaw process increased the gel content but did not have a significant effect on the tensile strength. The presence of honey reduced the swelling and the tensile strength of the hydrogels due to hydrogen bonding interactions with PVA and chitosan chains. Long-term cell culture experiments using normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) cells showed that the hydrogels maintained their biocompatibility, and the cells showed extended morphology on the surface of the hydrogels for more than 30 days. The presence of honey significantly increased the biocompatibility of the hydrogels. The release of allantoin from the hydrogel was studied and, according to the Korsmeyer–Peppas and Weibull models, the mechanism was mainly diffusional. The results for the antimicrobial activity against E. coli and S. aureus bacteria showed that the allantoin-containing samples had a more remarkable antibacterial activity against S. aureus. According to the wound healing experiments, 98% of the wound area treated by the chitosan/PVA/honey hydrogel was closed, compared to 89% for the control. The results of this study suggest that the freeze–thaw process is a non-toxic crosslinking method for the preparation of chitosan/PVA hydrogels with long term biocompatibility that can be applied for wound healing and skin tissue engineering.
An-Ping Li, Jing-Yan Kang,
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, Volume 44, pp 766-775; https://doi.org/10.1080/10826076.2022.2038197

Abstract:
Farfarae Flos is a frequently used traditional herbal medicine, with outstanding antitussive, anti-asthmatic and expectorant effects. The current quality standard cannot effectively evaluate the quality of decoction pieces, or reflect the quality difference between medicinal parts and impurities. Herein, a simple, rapid, and accurate ultra high-performance liquid-chromatography diode-array (UHPLC-DAD) method was established for the simultaneous determination of 14 components in Farfarae Flos within 15 minutes. Different parts of the plant (flower bud, corolla, pedicel and stem) of 20 batches of decoction pieces were determined by the established method. Chemometrics was applied to assess the proposed method and analyze the quantitative results. Principal component analysis showed that the phenolic acids, flavonoids and terpenoids were effective quality control markers for Farfarae Flos. The quality of traditional medicinal part (flower bud) was significantly different from that of impurities (pedicel and stem). ANOVA showed that the content of phenolic acids in the pedicel and stem was significantly higher than that in the flower bud, while the content of flavonoids in the pedicel and stem was significantly lower than that in the flower bud. This study provides an efficient and low-cost methodology with adequate sensitivity for the quality control of Farfarae Flos decoction pieces. Graphical Abstract
Published: 30 September 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Plants
Abstract:
The genus Merremia Dennst. ex Endl. (Convolvulaceae) is a rich source of structurally diverse phytochemicals with therapeutic relevance. This review presents the first comprehensive, up-to-date information and research progression on the nutritional value, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, and toxicity of the genus Merremia. Using the key search term “Merremia”, relevant documents and information were retrieved from electronic databases. Relevant documents were uploaded in RStudio with installed bibliometric software packages and used for data retrieval, tabulation, and network visualization. Bibliometric analysis revealed that ca. 55% of the studies related to Merremia were published in the last decade, which can be grouped into four thematic areas: (i) drug formulation, (ii) taxonomy, (iii) chemical analysis, and (iv) treatment of diseases. Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, and biological activities studies showed that species in the genus are promising medicinal plants with various pharmaceutical potentials. However, clinical studies to validate the efficacy of the reported bioactivities and the mechanisms underlying the various activities are lacking and should constitute a future research focus. Additionally, reports on the nutritional and antinutritional constituents of Merremia species revealed that the species meet high nutritional quality criteria for animals and are therefore suitable for inclusion in livestock diets. The few available investigations on toxicity indicated that most Merremia species are safe for human and animal use but not with prolonged chronic administration.
Gashaw Nigussie, Haregua Melak, Milkyas Endale Annisa
Journal of the Turkish Chemical Society Section A: Chemistry, Volume 8, pp 899-932; https://doi.org/10.18596/jotcsa.929188

Abstract:
The genus Rhamnus belongs to the Rhamnaceae family, which contains approximately 137 species, traditionally used as folk medicine in East Asia, North and South America, and subtropical regions of Africa. The genus is used traditionally to treat diseases such as cancer, wound, jaundice, hepatitis, gonorrhea, laxative, hypertension, malaria, stomach ache, snake bite and diarrhea. Anthraquinones and flavonoids are the most cited compounds from the genus of which polyphenols were abundant with tremendous antioxidant, wound healing and antiinflammatory activities. Pharmacological activity evaluation of the extracts and isolated compounds revealed anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimalarial, antibacterial, anti-mutagenic, anti-genotoxic, hepatoprotective, anticancer, and anti-proliferative activity. The genus afforded drug leads such as 6-methoxysorigenin (12) and prinoidin (23) with anti-tyrosinase and cytotoxicity, respectively, as well as antioxidant drug leads such as Kaempferol-3-O-β-rhamninoside (31) rhamnetin-3-O-β-isorhamninoside (37) and isotorachrysone (55). The present review endeavors to provide a comprehensive and up to date compilation of documented traditional medicinal uses, phytochemicals and pharmacological activities of the genus and provided valuable information in support of its uses as an alternative medicine for future healthcare practice.
Published: 22 July 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Molecules
Abstract:
This study proposes a review on hyaluronic acid (HA) known as hyaluronan or hyaluronate and its derivates and their application in cosmetic formulations. HA is a glycosaminoglycan constituted from two disaccharides (N-acetylglucosamine and D-glucuronic acid), isolated initially from the vitreous humour of the eye, and subsequently discovered in different tissues or fluids (especially in the articular cartilage and the synovial fluid). It is ubiquitous in vertebrates, including humans, and it is involved in diverse biological processes, such as cell differentiation, embryological development, inflammation, wound healing, etc. HA has many qualities that recommend it over other substances used in skin regeneration, with moisturizing and anti-ageing effects. HA molecular weight influences its penetration into the skin and its biological activity. Considering that, nowadays, hyaluronic acid has a wide use and a multitude of applications (in ophthalmology, arthrology, pneumology, rhinology, aesthetic medicine, oncology, nutrition, and cosmetics), the present study describes the main aspects related to its use in cosmetology. The biological effect of HA on the skin level and its potential adverse effects are discussed. Some available cosmetic products containing HA have been identified from the brand portfolio of most known manufacturers and their composition was evaluated. Further, additional biological effects due to the other active ingredients (plant extracts, vitamins, amino acids, peptides, proteins, saccharides, probiotics, etc.) are presented, as well as a description of their possible toxic effects.
Tainara de Paula de Lima Lima,
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, Volume 32, pp 1910-1925; https://doi.org/10.1080/09205063.2021.1946461

Abstract:
Skin wounds are damage to the epithelial layer and the integrity of living tissue. The healing mechanism is dynamic and complex, and often treatments with wound dressings help in tissue regeneration, reducing the risk of infections. Polymeric hydrogels become good candidates for wet curing process. These materials prevent dehydration of the tissue and avoid discomfort to the patient when changing the dressing. In this short review, we demonstrate the importance of the healing process, the types of skin wounds, and the hydrogels that are potentially attractive as wound dressings.
Published: 17 July 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Toxics
Abstract:
This study was conducted in Tyumen (Russian Federation) to establish the effects of heavy metals’ (Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Pb, and Cd) accumulation in soil and coltsfoot, as well as plants’ biochemical responses to such an accumulation. The mobile and acid-soluble heavy metal fractions in soils, and the heavy metal contents in plants, were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, and Pb concentrations in soils exceeded background values. Pb content at the battery manufacturing plant was above the maximum permitted concentration. The percentages of the mobile heavy metal fractions decreased in the following order: Mn > Zn > Cu > Fe. The greatest heavy metal accumulation in soils and plants was found at the battery manufacturing and metallurgical plants examined in our study. Heavy metals’ accumulation in the aboveground part of Tussilago farfara decreased in the following order: Fe > Zn > Cu > Mn > Pb > Cd. The accumulation of heavy metals stimulated the synthesis of photosynthetic pigments by 6–30%. Heavy metals provoked oxidative stress in cells, increasing the concentration of lipid peroxidation in products by up to 80%. Plant phenolics and flavonoids in the urban area of our study decreased compared to those in the control by 1.05, reaching up to 6.5 times. The change in coltsfoot catalase activity both increased and declined. Biochemical responses and heavy metal accumulation in coltsfoot from urban areas limit its use for medicinal purposes.
, Nadia Wajid, MarYam G. Sarwar,
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Volume 22, pp 1122-1128; https://doi.org/10.2174/1389201021999201001204345

Abstract:
Background:: Aloe vera has been reported as a topical antibiotic and healing agent for wounds, but advantages of oral administration and mechanisms of wound healing have not been reported. Present study focuses on the evaluation of effects of oral administration of Aloe vera for excisional cutaneous wounds in Sprague Dawley rats. Methods:: Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were inflicted with excisional wounds and were either treated with Aloe vera orally (Aloe vera) or kept untreated (wound). In contrast, healthy rats were kept as control group. Wound area was measured from day 7th to day 21st. Collagen content was estimated by hydroxyproline assay. Histology was analysed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Angiogenesis was observed by indirect ELISA for Insulin like Growth Factor (IGF-1) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) protein from skin, serum and bone marrow. Chemotaxis was evaluated by RT-PCR analysis for Stromal cell-Derived Factor-1 (SDF-1) and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR-4) from skin and bone marrow. Results:: Aloe vera healed wounds earlier than untreated rats with gradual improvement in wound areas and collagen content. Aloe vera also improved the expression of IGF-1 and VEGF in skin and bone marrow indicating an improvement in angiogenesis. RT- PCR analysis showed increased expression of genes for chemotaxis (SDF-1 and CXCR-4) in skin and bone marrow. Conclusion: Aloe vera improves healing by increasing collagen content, improving angiogenesis and chemotaxis.
Maria-Eleni Grafakou, Aggeliki Diamanti, Eleytheria Simirioti, Asimina Terezaki, Christina Barda, Ioannis Sfiniadakis, Michail Rallis,
Published: 27 May 2021
Planta Medica International Open, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1492-3634

Abstract:
Hypericum species have a long-term use as wound healing agents, with the most common preparation being the infused oil from the aerial parts. It contains naphthodianthrones, phloroglucinols, and essential oil. An extensive literature survey shows that, unlike napthodianthrones and phloroglucinols, essential oils from Hypericum spp. have not yet been evaluated for their wound healing efficacy. The present study aims to assess the wound healing efficacy of essential oils from H. perforatum, a plant recognized in European Pharmacopoeia for having wound healing properties, as well from 2 other Hypericum species commonly used in Greece as wound healing agents since classical antiquity, namely, H. empetrifolium and H. triquetrifolium. So far, only the wound healing effects of Hypericum oil are known, which is a different herbal preparation containing nonvolatile compounds, while the essential oils under investigation contain only volatile constituents. The essential oils were subjected to GC-MS analyses. Wounds were created on the upper back of hairless SKH-hr1 mice. Healing was evaluated by clinical, histopathological, and biophysical assessment. The essential oils showed a significantly faster wound healing rate in comparison to the controls and the vehicle-treated groups. H. empetrifolium possessed the most significant healing properties while for H. perforatum and H. triquetrifolium skin inflammation persisted. The essential oils from Hypericum spp. showed promising results as wound healing agents and are likely to contribute to the wound healing efficacy of the Hypericum preparations. H. empetrifolium, being the most potent anti-inflammatory and wound healing agent, confirms the traditional use of this plant in Greece for wounds and skin inflammations.
Aleksandra Cvetanović, Alena Stupar, Mirjana Petronijević, Zoran Zeković
Published: 25 May 2021
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, , , Siong Meng Lim, , Nurhuda Manshoor, Sadia Sultan,
Published: 28 April 2021
Arabian Journal of Chemistry, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2021.103181

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 25 March 2021
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Volume 2021, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6643827

Abstract:
Achillea spp. is well known for its broad range of applications and long history of use in traditional medicine around the world. Health benefits of Achillea extracts result from the multitude of secondary metabolites identified in the plants from this genus that include flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpenes, guaianolides, phytosterols, fatty acids, and organic acids. The properties of several Achillea extracts meet also the expectations of a vividly developing cosmetic market. An increasing number of studies on the dermatological properties of Achillea spp. are observed in the recent years, with Achillea millefolium L. being the most studied and used representative of the genus. There is strong scientific evidence showing that also other yarrow species might be rich sources of effective cosmetic ingredients, with skin calming and rejuvenating properties, wound healing activity, and anti-inflammatory potential. Several Achillea extracts and isolated compounds were also shown to display significant tyrosinase inhibitory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties and thus are interesting candidates for active ingredients of medications and cosmetic products protecting the skin from the harmful impact of environmental stressors. The aim of this review is to collect the current information on the composition and cosmeceutical significance of different Achillea species.
, Nina Wati, Rabbindra Gustav, Risa Wahyuni, Yosua Fernaldi Anggada, Risna Hidayani, Antoni Raharjo, Ridho Islamie, Sulistyo Emantoko Dwi Putra
Published: 27 February 2021
Journal: Food Bioscience
Food Bioscience, Volume 41; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbio.2021.100937

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 15 February 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Molecules
Abstract:
Exposure to reactive oxygen species can easily result in serious diseases, such as hyperproliferative skin disorders or skin cancer. Herbal extracts are widely used as antioxidant sources in different compositions. The importance of antioxidant therapy in inflammatory conditions has increased. Innovative formulations can be used to improve the effects of these phytopharmacons. The bioactive compounds of Plantago lanceolata (PL) possess different effects, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and bactericidal pharmacological effects. The objective of this study was to formulate novel liquid crystal (LC) compositions to protect Plantago lanceolata extract from hydrolysis and to improve its effect. Since safety is an important aspect of pharmaceutical formulations, the biological properties of applied excipients and blends were evaluated using assorted in vitro methods on HaCaT cells. According to the antecedent toxicity screening evaluation, three surfactants were selected (Gelucire 44/14, Labrasol, and Lauroglycol 90) for the formulation. The dissolution rate of PL from the PL-LC systems was evaluated using a Franz diffusion chamber apparatus. The antioxidant properties of the PL-LC systems were evaluated with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) assessments. Our results suggest that these compositions use a nontraditional, rapid-permeation pathway for the delivery of drugs, as the applied penetration enhancers reversibly alter the barrier properties of the outer stratum corneum. These excipients can be safe and highly tolerable thus, they could improve the patient’s experience and promote adherence.
Robert W. Coppock, Margitta Dziwenka
Published: 29 January 2021
The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Bademe Mullalija, Behxhet Mustafa, , Cassandra L. Quave, Andrea Pieroni
Published: 9 January 2021
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Volume 68, pp 1825-1848; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-01099-9

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 6 January 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Foods
Abstract:
Polyphenols, as well as volatile compounds responsible for aromatic features, play a critical role in the quality of vegetables and medicinal, and aromatic plants (MAPs). The research conducted in recent years has shown that these plants contain biologically active compounds, mainly polyphenols, that relate to the prevention of inflammatory processes, neurodegenerative diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disorders as well as to antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiparasitic properties. Throughout the years, many researchers have deeply studied polyphenols and volatile compounds in medicinal and aromatic plants, particularly those associated with consumer’s choices or with their beneficial properties. In this context, the purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the presence of volatile and nonvolatile compounds in some of the most economically relevant and consumed vegetables and medicinal and aromatic plants, with an emphasis on bioactive polyphenols, polyphenols as prebiotics, and, also, the most important factors that affect the contents and profiles of the volatile and nonvolatile compounds responsible for the aromatic features of vegetables and MAPs. Additionally, the new challenges for science in terms of improving polyphenol composition and intensifying volatile compounds responsible for the positive characteristics of vegetables and medicinal and aromatic plants are reported.
Jelena Živković, Milan Ilić, Gordana Zdunić, Nataša Jovanović-Lješković, Nebojša Menković, Katarina Šavikin
Published: 4 January 2021
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Volume 68, pp 1655-1674; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-01094-0

Published: 2 January 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Plants
Abstract:
Arctium lappa is a weed used in traditional medicine in the treatment of skin inflammation and digestive tract diseases. Arctium tomentosum is used in folk medicine interchangeably with Arctium lappa and, according to European Medicines Agency (EMA) monography, provides an equal source of Arctii radix (Bardanae radix), despite the small amount of research confirming its activity and chemical composition. The aim of the study was the comparison of the anti-lipoxygenase and the antioxidant activity, scavenging of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide anion (O2•−), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), of 70 % (v/v) ethanolic extracts from the aerial parts and the roots of Arctium lappa and Arctium tomentosum. In the tested extracts, the total polyphenols content and the chemical composition, analyzed with the HPLC–DAD–MSn method, were also compared. The extracts were characterized by strong antioxidant properties, but their ability to inhibit lipoxygenase activity was rather weak. A correlation between the content of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant activity was observed. The extracts from A. lappa plant materials scavenged reactive oxygen species more strongly than the extracts from A. tomentosum plant materials. Moreover, the extracts from A. lappa plant materials were characterized by the statistically significantly higher content of polyphenolic compounds.
Marcela Colombo dos Santos,
Published: 25 November 2020
Microbiological Research, Volume 244; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2020.126653

Abstract:
In last years, the main studied microbial sources of natural blue pigments have been the eukaryotic algae, Rhodophytes and Cryptophytes, and the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis, responsible for the production of phycocyanin, one of the most important blue compounds approved for food and cosmetic use. Recent research also includes the indigoidine pigment from the bacteria Erwinia, Streptomyces and Photorhabdus. Despite these advances, there are still few options of microbial blue pigments reported so far, but the interest in these products is high due to the lack of stable natural blue pigments in nature. Filamentous fungi are particularly attractive for their ability to produce pigments with a wide range of colors. Bikaverin is a red metabolite present mainly in species of the genus Fusarium. Although originally red, the biomass containing bikaverin changes its color to blue after heat treatment, through a mechanism still unknown. In addition to the special behavior of color change by thermal treatment, bikaverin has beneficial biological properties, such as antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities, which can expand its use for the pharmaceutical and medical sectors. The present review addresses the production natural blue pigments and focuses on the properties of bikaverin, which can be an important source of blue pigment with potential applications in the food industry and in other industrial sectors.
Hannah Syahirah Rapi, Nor ‘Awatif Che Soh, Nurul Shahirah Mohd Azam, , Suvik Assaw, Mohd Nizam Haron, Abdul Manaf Ali, ,
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2020, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/1408926

Abstract:
Wound healing is a well-coordinated process that restores skin integrity upon injury. However, some wound treatment poses harmful effects on the skin, which delay the normal wound healing process. Marphysa moribidii, a marine baitworm or polychaete, represents unique ability to regenerate posterior segment after injury, which may be beneficial in the wound healing treatment. The effectiveness of the polychaete as wound healing treatment was discovered through skin irritation, microbial testing, animal wound model, and chemical identifications. Three polychaete extracts (PE) emulsifying ointment (0.1%, 0.5%, and 1.0%) were topically applied to the full thickness wound model once daily for 14 days. Interestingly, PE 1.0% revealed the most rapid wound healing effects as compared to other treatments, including gamat (sea cucumber) oil (15% w/v) and acriflavine (0.1% w/v). Histopathological analysis using Masson’s trichrome staining further confirms that PE treated wound exhibited minimal scar, high collagen deposition, and the emergence of neovascularisation. The extract also displayed a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.4 g/ml against Escherichia coli and absence of skin irritation, infectious bacteria, and heavy metals from the extract. Moreover, chemical compounds such as alkaloid, flavonoid, amino acids, and organic acid were detected in M. moribidii extracts, which could contribute to wound healing activity. In conclusion, this study further justifies the beneficial use of polychaete in treating wound healing and could be developed as a novel bioactive agent in nutraceuticals and pharmaceutical drugs.
Ana Rita Silva, Oludemi Taofiq, Isabel C.F.R. Ferreira,
Published: 11 November 2020
Industrial Crops and Products, Volume 159; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2020.113053

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 16 October 2020
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 267, pp 113478-113478; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2020.113478

Abstract:
Tussilago farfara L. (commonly called coltsfoot), known as a vital folk medicine, have long been used to treat various respiratory disorders and consumed as a vegetable in many parts of the world since ancient times.
, María Del Carmen Villegas-Aguilar, , Sandra Pimentel-Moral, , María Elena Alañón,
Published: 15 October 2020
Food Research International, Volume 138; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109786

Abstract:
Tropical fruits trade is on the rise due to the claimed health benefits related with their consumption. Functional activities are exerted by the presence of bioactive compounds which could be used for prevention or amelioration diseases. However, the occurrence of bioactive compounds is found mainly in non-edible fraction of tropical fruits which are usually discarded. Therefore, the revalorization of tropical fruits by-products as source of functional compounds is on the cutting-edge research. The implementation of this challenge not only allows the enhancement of the tropical fruits by-products management, but also the production of value-added products.
Page of 2
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top