(searched for: doi:10.22271/ortho.2017.v3.i3a.07)
Shoulder & Elbow, Volume 14, pp 415-425; https://doi.org/10.1177/17585732221079585
Background: Elbow trochlea osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is rare with limited information on it. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the published evidence on trochlea OCD in terms of presenting symptoms, location of OCD and outcome of management in adolescent patients. Patient & Methods: A review of the online databases MEDLINE and Embase was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. The review was registered prospectively in the PROSPERO database. Clinical studies reporting on any aspect of trochlea OCD management were eligible for inclusion and appraised using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS) tool. Results: 16 studies were eligible for inclusion with a total of 75 elbow. Mean age was 14 years (8–19) of which 46 were males. The main presenting symptoms were pain (95%). Non-operative care was reported in 86% of elbows with resolution of symptoms in 76%. Surgical management was described in 14%. There were equal number of arthroscopic and open procedures. 94% had successfully resolution of symptoms post-operatively. Conclusion: Elbow trochlea OCD is a rare pathology and one that can be managed non-operatively in the majority of cases with good resolution of symptoms. However, if this fails, operative options are available with excellent results reported. Level of evidence: Level IV, Systematic review.