(searched for: doi:10.17238/issn2221-2698.2017.26.117)
Published: 1 July 2020
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 539; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/539/1/012072
The strategic value of the Russian Arctic is related to the concentration of hydrocarbon resources in the region that form a basis for the development of offshore oil and gas production, support the development of the national fuel and energy sector, as well as exploration of essential mineral resources, which exploration cycle involves the expansion of relevant regional infrastructure, including that of resource-producing cities that service industrial facilities. The article contains research results for the economic and social status of Arctic resource-extracting cities. It includes the evaluation of the scale of the resource-extracting cities and their place in the overall settlement system in the Russian Arctic, determines the characteristic features of the Arctic resource-extracting cities and identifies their welfare challenges. Unemployment in such cities in the Russian Arctic was demonstrated to be brought about by the functional specifics of local businesses and destructive processes attributable to the national and global recession. The negative factors that affect welfare in the Arctic resource-extracting cities in particular include the restructuring of major production facilities built under Arctic development projects and their amalgamation with vertically integrated companies. It was determined that a comprehensive social and economic policy in the resource-extracting cities in the Russian Arctic could be efficiently implemented by balancing the interests of the local community, local governments, backbone companies, as well as regional and federal authorities. The article is prepared by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation, the project No.19-18-00025 “Socio-economic dynamics and forecast for the development of the Russian Arctic, taking into account geopolitical, macroeconomic, environmental, and mineral factors”.
Published: 1 July 2019
Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences pp 1146-1162; https://doi.org/10.17516/1997-1370-0448
The article presents the results of a pilot study of economic attitudes of young people — representatives of indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone (hereinafter — youth). The authors of the article used a multivariate questionnaire developed by O. S. Deineka and E. V. Zabelina as the main methodological tool to carry out the express diagnostics of economic attitudes. As a result, the article presents the structure of economic attitudes of youth. In addition, using a factor analysis, the authors found four fundamental factors that should be considered as types of economic consciousness, but only one of them is financially confident and literate. The other three types are experiencing difficulties with knowledge in the field of economics, which can lead to dissatisfaction and disappointment of young people in this field in the future. In conclusion, there are general conclusions and trends characterizing the tendency of young people from the indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone to passive, safe, and non-risky financial strategies