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(searched for: doi:10.17238/issn2221-2698.2016.25.148)
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Published: 1 July 2021
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics, Volume 62, pp 157-161; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11148-021-00576-7

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V N Rozhin
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 945; https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/945/1/012023

Abstract:
The possibility of obtaining high-quality cement by an environmentally friendly (without CO2 emission into the atmosphere) method of joint grinding of imported Portland cement clinker and local natural mineral raw materials in hard-to-reach areas of the North-East of the Russian Federation is substantiated. The results of an experimental study of the compositions and technological parameters of the manufacture of cement compositions based on portland cement clinker and active mineral additives from zeolite-containing rocks of Khonguruu, allowing non-autoclaved foam concrete with a density of 600-800 kg / m3 and compressive strength of 1,8-2,8 MPa with stable quality parameters are presented (monodisperse pore distribution and hardened inter-pore skeleton, providing stable values of density, strength and thermal conductivity).
Dmitry M. Astanin, Viktoriya O. Plotnichenko
Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education pp 14-14; https://doi.org/10.47055/1990-4126-2020-3(71)-14

Abstract:
Within the framework of a project aimed at structuring the settlement system in Ellesmere Island (the territory of Nunavut, Canada), we explored the microclimate, topography, geological structure, fauna, available research background and existing infrastructure of the locality. Based on our findings, we have developed natural recreation, environmental, eco-cultural, and tourist recreation frameworks to specify planning characteristics and identified the main planning constraints that determine the geometry of the settlement pattern. An optimal settlement model has been developed for the central-eastern part of Ellesmere Island with the Dobbin-Scorbey Bay conurbation elaborated in detail. A functional zoning concept is suggested for the main conurbation of Ellesmere Island; an individual domed residential cell has been designed. Thus, by simulating an environment designed for comfortable living in extreme cold climate conditions, a design proposal has been developed that would ensure effective settlement patterns in northern areas and solve the problem of uneven population density in Canada and the Arctic as a whole.
E. E. Plisetskii
Management Sciences, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.26794/2404-022x-2019-9-4-32-43

Abstract:
The paper is devoted to the problems of socio-economic development of the Arctic territories of Russia. The methodological base of the study includes the modern theory of the location of production and the concept of state management of regional development. The analysis made it possible to conclude that the spatial development of the Arctic regions is negatively affected by such factors as low infrastructure, transport remoteness, adverse climate, etc. Under these conditions, one of the priorities for the implementation of the Strategy for spatial development of the Arctic zone should be the modernization of its entire transport and logistics system. It has been substantiated that the most effective forms of spatial organization of the economy and management, ensuring the implementation of an integrated approach to the new territories development, may be territorial clusters, as well as territories of advanced social and economic development, contributing to the diversification of the North economy, attracting investments and thereby improving the life quality of the population. The practical significance of the results and conclusions of the study lies in the possibility of their use in updating strategies and programs for the development of the regions of the Russian North and the Arctic with the aim of forming an effective mechanism for managing and coordinating economic activity and ensuring the integrated development of the Arctic territories.
Gao Tianming
Published: 1 January 2019
Abstract:
When China announced its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), most of the attention focused on the joint building of transportation infrastructure across the Eurasian landmass and the Indian Ocean. However, with the release of the Arctic Policy in 2018, China incorporated the Arctic shipping lanes into the BRI transport network. Development of shipping in polar waters requires collaboration with Arctic countries. This chapter discusses the challenges China faces in exploring new maritime ways in the Arctic and collaborating with Russia in the development of the Arctic Blue Economic Corridor. The investment projects in the Arctic are considered in the format of eight development zones located in the polar regions along Russian part of the Northern Sea Route. The author concludes that Arctic shipping lanes have a great potential to be efficiently incorporated into the BRI transport network. However, there are many specific technological and economic challenges to be considered and met before polar transport routes may become any viable alternatives to southern maritime routes used by China.
V. A. Bryzgalo, M. V. Tretiakov, E. V. Rumiantseva, E. N. Shestakova, O. V. Muzhdaba
Arctic and Antarctic Research, Volume 64; https://doi.org/10.30758/0555-2648-2018-64-4-365-379

Abstract:
Implementation of projects to create support zones is closely linked to the optimization of the system of state control over the environmental situation in the Russian Arctic. Previous studies have shown that zones of ecological disadvantage, as well as impact areas, have formed on these territories. In this regard, the urgency of developing and adapting scientific methods for monitoring the status and methods of regulating the quality of freshwater ecosystems is growing. Recent studies show that the reasons for changing the quality of freshwater ecosystems are the introduction of the substances with anthropogenic origin into the water mass and the modification of chemical components of the natural water environment, changes in its physical characteristics and other properties of the freshwater ecosystem.The aim of this work is to assess the hydrological and environmental state of the river ecosystems in the support zones of the Russian Arctic. The analysis of the long-term regime hydrochemical information (1990–2010) of the state observation network of the Roshydromet was carried out using methods of complex indicators calculating and risk of anthropogenic impact assessments.Variability of the water pollution degreeis analyzed. Priority and critical hydrochemical indicators are identified. It is shown that the role of the anthropogenic component is currently determinative in the transformation of their hydrochemical regime for the river ecosystems of the support zones under study. Their hydrochemical regime is characterized by high spatial, interannual and intra-annual variability of the component composition of the aquatic environment; formation of a higher “anthropogenically-altered natural background”; periodic accumulation in the water environment of priority pollutants to concentrations of tens of hundreds of times the maximum permissible concentrations, an increase in the frequency of cases of high and extreme high pollution.
, N. V. Nesterova, И. Н. Бельдиман, L. S. Lebedeva
Arctic and Antarctic Research, Volume 64; https://doi.org/10.30758/0555-2648-2018-64-1-101-118

Abstract:
The article reveals the main problems facing hydrologists in engineering design in the Arctic zone of Russia and adjacent territories of permafrost. Climate warming and degradation of permafrost cause a significant transformation of the hydrological cycle. The retrospective observations of runoff cannot be considered therefore in modern conditions. The density of the hydrological network in the permafrost zone of Russia has decreased by more than 1.5 times, and on small rivers – more than three times in recent decades. Thus, the use of standard calculation methods (SP 33-101-2003) to assess the runoff characteristics in the Arctic regions is practically impossible. It is shown that in the developed Arctic countries where the size of the territories and their inaccessibility could be compared with withRussia, the low density of the standard observation network is compensated by the organization of small scientific research stations for studying hydrological processes in various physical and geographical conditions and the development of mathematical modeling methods. It is shown that historicallyRussiawas the leader of hydrological research in cold regions. It is stated that there is an urgent need to create a state program aimed at restoring the previously operating in the cryolithоzone and organizing new research hydrological watersheds, improving the standard hydrological network, and developing complex modeling systems and methods for their parameterization.
David Deakins, Martina Battisti, Alan Coetzer, Hernan Roxas
Published: 18 November 2010
SSRN Electronic Journal; https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1711334

Abstract:
ObjectivesManagerial capability in New Zealand SMEs has been perceived by policy makers as a factor that has constrained SME growth and development (MED, 2008). The New Zealand Centre for SME Research (NZSMERC) has undertaken a programme of research on managerial capability in New Zealand SMEs. This paper reports findings from the Centre’s 2009 annual survey of 1500 SMEs, the BusinesSMEasure. The survey builds on a previous qualitative study and is part of a programme of research which had the following objectives: (1) to understand how SME owner-managers assess their development needs and how they meet these needs; (2) to assess the extent of participation in management development; and (3) to assess the perceived impact of management development on their business.Prior WorkPrevious literature and research evidence with SME owner managers suggests a low take up of formal managerial development programmes and a reliance on incidental and informal managerial learning processes (Massey et al, 2005). NZSMERC’s previous qualitative study with 25 SME owner-managers (Battisti, et al, 2009), enabled the development of a conceptual framework and typology to explain orientation to learning and management development. Further, it allowed the identification of variables that affected attitudes to managerial learning and participation in management development. The survey has enabled the testing of some of the propositions from the qualitative stage, such as the importance of sources of managerial learning and the importance of variables that influence owner manager participation in management development.ApproachThe 2009 BusinesSMEasure survey involved 4,165 firms (including 694 firms who responded in the 2007 and 743 firms who responded in 2008 survey). There were 1447 usable responses after excluding 297 ineligible and unreachable firms, which gave an overall response rate of 35%, Building on the previous qualitative study and utilising the adapted theoretical framework, we have applied non-parametric analysis to examine the significance of SME profile characteristics affecting against typologies of learning and management development. Exploratory factor analysis has been undertaken on the range of variables affecting managerial learning and development to reveal clusters of variables driving managerial learning and development. Hypotheses generated by literature and theory have been tested and regression modelling completed.ResultsSurvey findings suggest incidental and informal managerial learning processes were predominant modes of owner-manager learning. These types of learning were associated with practice-based and proximal sources of learning, as opposed to more distal sources. Significant variables that affected the type and sources of SME managerial learning were gender, age, learning orientation and a belief of self improvement. There was a strong link between innovation and engagement in management development. Firms with at least one type of innovation activity reported to be more engaged in management development across all three types of learning i.e. incidental, informal and formal. Theoretical developments in the literature are used to provide the basis for testing hypotheses associated with learning orientation and belief in self improvementImplicationsThe research undertaken by the Centre was driven by a policy imperative: to investigate the causes of an underlying trend in New Zealand SMEs which suggested that there was a lack of managerial capability in SMEs and a failure of SMEs to engage with formal management development initiatives. Having revealed the drivers of managerial development and sources of learning we develop implications for supply side management development programmes and policy interventions.ValueIt is arguable that we are still developing our understanding of the drivers of managerial learning and development in SMEs, which is still recognised as a research gap (Kitching and Blackburn, 2002). The contribution of the paper is threefold: we provide empirical evidence on the drivers of managerial development in SMEs; develop an appropriate framework for understanding participation in management development activities and develop a multivariate regression model to explain the nature of learning orientation and participation in management development and related activities by owner-managers in New Zealand SMEs.
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