(searched for: doi:10.1075/prag.26.2.04oba)
Published: 1 April 2021
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 724; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/724/1/012098
Disaster is one of impacts caused by climate change. The Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia conducts an audit of state finances management and responsibility in handling the disaster. The success of The Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia was partly driven by The Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia’s internal audit performance, namely the Inspectorate General which provided consultations to add value for the The Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia work unit. However, The Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia work unit expects that Inspectorate General has more consultative and not impressed as an external auditor in carrying out the consultation. The purpose of this research was to improve and enrich the communication of Inspectorate General internal auditors in carrying out the consultation. This research used symbolic interaction theory by George Herbert Mead. This paper is a compilation of several relevant data sources. They were collected systematically, and then analyzed in-depth and critical evaluation to provide the research finding in narrative. The result showed that management of mind, self, and society can play important role in carrying out the consultation. Besides, the use of symbol and nonverbal communication may increase good relationship in the consultation. Inspectorate General needed to improve its auditors competence to manage symbolic interaction in carrying out the consultation in order to be more consultative.
Published: 1 January 2017
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture, Volume 13, pp 281-311; https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2016-0022
The present paper aims to re-investigate the status of Japanese honorifics in pragmatic principles, and attempts to see how various dynamic uses of honorific terms for different purposes can be unified with the idea of “the grammar of society” (Bicchieri 2006). To reach this conclusion, the paper is organised in the following way. First, I argue that honorifics, or more precisely honorific markings, function as the grammatical conversion of what has already been strategically constructed, and solely index a social or psychological distance between the interactants. This means that honorifics present a double layer of linguistic architecture: a strategically constructed unit and honorific marking on the unit. Second, the paper examines honorific terms used in speech (plus-) level shifts to see a parallel between them and the so-called ‘conventional’ honorifics, and to find similar attributes shared between them, which are in many ways derived from the origin of honorifics. Finally, by re-investigating and reinstating the term ‘social norm’, which Bicchieri (2006) compares to “the grammar of society”, I demonstrate how honorific terms as social norms are first employed, and then applied, manipulated and pragmatically expanded for various purposes.