Refine Search

New Search

Results: 7

(searched for: doi:10.17238/issn2221-2698.24.112)
Save to Scifeed
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Natalia Viktorovna Govorova
Published: 11 March 2021
Abstract:
The conditions, results and opportunities for the development of advanced high-tech economy in the Arctic regions of Russia are considered. The most sensitive aspects, as well as positive trends in the development are outlined.
Шведов В. Г. Бакланов П. Я.
Азиатско-Тихоокеанский регион: экономика, политика, право, Volume 60; https://doi.org/10.24866/1813-3274/2021-3/63-79

Abstract:
Обострение современной международной обстановки обусловливает актуальность проведения геополитических исследований различного плана и направленности. В этой связи для крупных стран особое значение имеет тематическое изучение состояния своих регионов, а из них в первую очередь – отдалённых приграничных, геополитическая проблематика которых, как правило, имеет ряд специфических характеристик. В России одним из таких регионов является Восточная Арктика – обширное акватерриториальное пространство, которое максимально удалено от центра страны и имеет высокую степень транспортной изоляции от остальной части страны. Восточная Арктика обладает богатым и разнообразным потенциалом стратегического минерального сырья. В её пределах расположено ключевое звено Северного морского пути – Берингов пролив, соединяющий Северный Ледовитый и Тихий океаны. Всё это создаёт благоприятные предпосылки для международного сотрудничества в регионе. Но его развитию препятствует современное обострение российско-американских отношений и ряд нерешённых вопросов по разграничению океанических акваторий. В настоящее время сложилась группа стран АТР, которые проявляют повышенный интерес к данной проблематике. Ряд государств, следуя своим интересам, поддерживают идею США об интернационализации Арктики. Канада, будучи членом НАТО, разделяет позицию России по межгосударственному разделу этого региона. Китай занимает позицию российского стратегического партнёра. В статье проведено исследование по идентификации тех геополитических факторов, которые имеют определяющее значение для Восточной Арктики. Целью данного исследования стало определение воздействия данных факторов на состояние и развитие хозяйственной сферы Восточной Арктики, а также – на адаптацию населения к проживанию и работе в её экстремальных условиях. В результате составлены рекомендации по комплексному военно-гражданскому освоению этого стратегически важного для России региона и по ряду мер, направленных на разрешение его демографических проблем с позиции обеспечения национальной безопасности страны. В работе использованы методы: пространственный анализ, анализ материалов по теме публикации, выборочно-статистический, оценочно-прогнозный. Ключевые слова: Восточная Арктика, геополитические факторы, минерально-сырьевой потенциал, судоходные трассы, наземные транспортные пути, хозяйственное освоение, межгосударственные отношения, оборонный потенциал, акваториальное разграничение, стратегическое партнёрство, адаптация населения.
E E Krasnozhenova, S V Kulik, T Chistalyova, K Yu Eidemiller, P L Karabushenko
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 625; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/625/1/012011

Abstract:
Nowadays the Arctic attracts a lot of countries all over the world, including Asian ones, due to its features, especially its abundant resources and research potential. In the paper the authors consider the Arctic policy of the Republic of Korea. Shipping and sea trade, oil and gas prospection, scientific research are of particular importance for South Korea. International cooperation with the circumpolar states and protection of indigenous people and nature preservation are also essential for the country. To achieve these goals the government of the state has designed several policy documents which provide the authors with the information for this research.
A B Almazova-Ilyina, A D Vinogradov, E. E. Krasnozhenova, K Yu Eidemiller
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 539; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/539/1/012048

Abstract:
In this paper we discuss main challenges, both global and regional, that define Japan’s current policy for the Arctic. Global challenges like rising sea levels and threats to marine biodiversity primarily stem from rapid climate change in the Arctic. However, these developments also bring new opportunities that attract attention of governments and businesses. Shrinking covered in ice areas open up prospects for Arctic Ocean shipping and development of natural resources. Regional challenges mostly concern rivalry between China, Japan and South Korea, as well as Japan’s ‘mediator’ role between other states in East Asia and the Arctic. We then analyze policy initiatives in Arctic affairs declared by the government of Japan in the official documents as well as some practical outcomes of these policies. There are three main policy areas prioritized by Japan: research and development, international cooperation, and sustainability of further exploration of the Arctic. Ultimately, we attempt to identify national interests that are confronted by existing challenges and pursued by Japan in its emerging Arctic endeavors. Japan’s current interests in the Arctic include energy and food security, economic interests in new shipping opportunities and extraction of natural resources, urgent environmental action, and a search for a stronger position in contemporary global and regional order.
Published: 3 October 2019
Russian and Chinese Studies, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.17150/2587-7445.2019.3(3).7-16

Abstract:
Currently, the Arctic is becoming part of a complex system of political and economic relations both within and outside the region. Although not an Arctic nation, China seeks to obtain the maximum benefit from the exploitation of potential natural resources and Arctic transport routes on the planet. To achieve these goals, China is trying to actively cooperate with the Russian Federation, which has the world's largest Arctic shelf and controls the Northern sea route (NSR), which is the shortest sea transport artery from Asia to Europe. An example of the collaboration between the two countries in the Arctic is the Yamal LNG liquefied gas project, the willingness of Chinese investors to invest in the construction of a new deep-water port in Arkhangelsk and the Belkomur railway. The article considers the prerequisites for the activation of China's activities in the Arctic zone of the planet, identifies the problems facing the Russian Federation in terms of the implementation of a coordinated state policy throughout the Arctic zone of Russia, the development of the icebreaker fleet and improving the transport accessibility of the Arctic, assesses the consequences of a potentially possible situation where Russian positions on the NSR may weaken, due to external or internal reasons.
, E V Travkina, A S Fedorov,
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 302; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/302/1/012011

Abstract:
This article aims to highlight the international situation in the Arctic region. The national strategies of the Arctic states studied by the authors lead to the fact that all these program documents have five general directions of state policy in the Arctic: state sovereignty, socio-economic development, infrastructure and communication support, environmental safety, research activities. The authors consider international relations as a separate direction that develops around the Arctic region. In official rhetoric discourse of peaceful interstate political and economic cooperation, openness to dialogue with all international players, both state and commercial dominate. However, in all documents of strategic planning of the Arctic countries, without exception, the prevalence of national interests, its decisive importance in public policy, determination to defend and protect them both by diplomatic and military means are emphasized. Disputes of a territorial nature and regulatory aspects of its joint development have been around the Arctic region for more than a decade. As we see, in practice, these debates are rarely resolved quickly and does not satisfy all parties. It indicates the passive conflict in the region. The participating countries are trying to strengthen their presence in the Arctic territories, but today other players, including the eastern countries, see the Arctic region as very attractive for government projects and public policy. The multiplicity of players in the Arctic complicates the process of negotiation, finding points of contact and building a constructive dialogue. The buildup of military presence in the Arctic threatens not only the participants of the new arms race, but also the entire international community.
Zhang Xiuhua
Published: 1 January 2019
Abstract:
A recently released white paper on the Arctic policy emphasized the principal lines of China's activities in the Arctic, particularly development of resources, fishing and tourism, Arctic shipping routes, infrastructure, navigation security, scientific research, and environmental protection. Such priorities are in the best interest of China's strategy of the unified regional development and new architectonics of the extensive exploration of the potential of China's Northern provinces. Being the northernmost region of the country, Heilongjiang province has an opportunity to become China's outpost for the implementation of the national Arctic policy. This chapter assesses the challenges and perspectives of turning Heilongjiang province into a transport and logistics hub between Northeast Asia, Europe, and North America by China's participation in the development of the Arctic Blue Economic Corridor. The author elaborates an idea of the establishment of the Arctic Research and Industrial Cluster based on the scientific, technological, and industrial facilities of Heilongjiang province.
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top