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(searched for: doi:10.17238/issn2221-2698.24.175)
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V Pronina, K Yu Eidemiller, V K Khazov, A V Rubtsova
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 539; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/539/1/012047

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the Indian Arctic policy. The author examines the history of Delhi’s presence in the region from the time of colonial dependence until the moment the country received the status of the permanent observer of the Arctic Council in 2013. Much attention is paid to the analysis of two opposed opinions on the role of India in the region. One group of scientists, referring to the lack of domestic energy resources, need to diversify energy flows and prevent China’s undivided dominance on the Arctic shelf, insists on India’s comprehensive (scientific, economic, and strategic) participation in the Arctic agenda. Another group, based on alarmist environmental rhetoric, advocates limiting interference into the region’s affairs. Analysis of external and internal conditions leads to the conclusion that none of the lines can be implemented completely. An uncertainty of India’s Arctic strategy, however, makes it possible to identify some trends and make a forecast on the future actions of the Asian giant in the region.
Published: 2 January 2019
The Polar Journal, Volume 9, pp 45-63; https://doi.org/10.1080/2154896x.2019.1618559

Abstract:
The paper examines Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) countries’ growing interests in the Arctic and explores the current state, as well as prospects for BRICS cooperation in the Arctic. Against the background of a complex situation in the world arena and changes in the political landscape in some of BRICS countries, the importance of developing new dimensions of cooperation to solidify this grouping are very high on the BRICS agenda. Given the recent intensification of BRICS countries’ activities in the Arctic (with the exception of South Africa, which is disengaged in the Arctic affairs), the article aims to study the feasibility of BRICS cooperation in the Arctic and elaboration of the BRICS’ Arctic agenda as the grouping. Although BRICS countries have very different Arctic identities, different status in the Arctic governance, and they are at different stages of their engagement with the Arctic region, still these five countries on several occasions discussed plans for cooperation on polar issues and the Arctic. The article gives an analysis of the interests and strategies of Russia and non-Arctic BRICS countries in the Arctic; it discusses the background, existing forms – bilateral and multilateral – of cooperation between the BRICS countries, potential venues for cooperation in the Arctic between the BRICS countries and within BRICS as a grouping, limitations and barriers to BRICS cooperation in the Arctic. Abbreviation: AZRF: Arctic zone of the Russian Federation; BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa; BRICS STI: BRICS Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation; CNPC: China National Petroleum Corporation; EEZ: Exclusive Economic Zone; LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas; NDB: New Development Bank; NSR: Northern Sea Route; ONGC-OVL: Oil and National gas Corporation – Videsh Limited; RIC: Russia, India, China; SLOCS: Sea lines of communication; UN: United Nations; USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
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