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(searched for: doi:10.9734/acsj/2016/23161)
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D A Yassen, F M Othman, A A Abdul Hamead
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 1094; https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/1094/1/012163

Abstract:
Copper oxide CuO and Magnesium oxide MgO are considered among the most promising oxides in the current development. Nanocomposite particles NCPs of MgO-CuO were synthesized by using the sol-gel method. The copper (II) nitrate trihydrate 0.1M and Magnesium nitrate hexahydrate 0.1M solvents were mixed at a 1:1 ratio and the gel was formed at a temperature of 80 °C, then dried calcined at 500 °C for different time (3, 5, and 7 hours). The CuO/MgO particles were characterized by particle size analyzer (PZA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and apparent density. The result of x-ray diffraction proved the phases purity of the composite particles. On the other hand, FESEM images proved nanoparticles embedded in the MgO-CuO matrix with a particle size of 33.5 –63.27 nm. Moreover, the density for the above samples was 0.699, 0.721, and 0.755 g/cm3 respectively. It increases with increasing the calcined time. This stimulates the growth of crystals CuO/MgO which exhibits excellent catalytic activity for the advanced application.
D Renuga, J Jeyasundari, A S Shakthi Athithan, Y Brightson Arul Jacob
Published: 2 March 2020
Materials Research Express, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/ab7b94

Abstract:
Green synthesis has emerged as a reliable, sustainable and ecofriendly protocol for synthesizing a wide range of nanomaterials and hybrid materials. In this paper, we report the synthesis of Copper oxide nanoparticles by a simple biological route using the extract of Brassica oleracea var. italic and copper (II) acetate as the metal precursor. The synthesized copper oxide nanoparticles were characterized using UV–visible spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, FESEM, EDAX, and XRD techniques. UV –Visible analysis shows a characteristic peak around 220 nm for copper oxide nanoparticles. FTIR spectroscopy was used to characterize various capping and reducing agents present in the plant extract responsible for nanoparticle formation. The surface morphology was characterized using FESEM. The EDAX and XRD pattern suggested that prepared copper oxide nanoparticles were highly pure. The average particle size was calculated as 26 nm using the XRD technique. Further, the nanoparticles were found to exhibit the highest antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and Candida Albicans.
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